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# Universit dOttawa

Facult de gnie

cole dingnierie et de
technologie de linformation

University of Ottawa
Faculty of Engineering

School of Information
Technology and Engineering
ELG 3106 / 3506 Electromagnetic Engineering / lectromagntisme Appliqu Fall/Automne 2009

FINAL EXAMINATION (3 hours) / EXAMEN FINAL (3 heures)

Professors K. Hinzer, H. Schriemer, Nom/Name : ______SOLUTIONS______________
Date Dec. 18
th
, 18 dc. 2008 St./tudiant #: _______________________________

This booklet contains 12 pages, including the cover page.
DO NOT SEPARATE THE PAGES OF THIS BOOKLET!
This is a closed-book exam. Equations are provided on the last page of this booklet.
Calculators are permitted, but must not be pre-programmable.
Remember to provide units.
Write down any assumptions that you make.
Multiple choice questions are worth 1 mark. The worth of long answer questions is as indicated below.

Ce livret contient 12 pages, incluant la page de couverture.
NE PAS SPARER LES PAGES DE CE LIVRET !
Rpondre toutes les questions.
Cet examen est livres ferms. Les quations sont fournies la dernire page de ce livret.
Les calculatrices sont permises, mais ne doivent pas tre pr-programmables.
Ne pas oublier de prciser les units.
crire lisiblement toute supposition que vous faites.
Les questions choix multiples valent 1 point chaque. Les questions rponse longue ont leur pointage
indiqu ici-bas.

Q1/ / 10
Q2/ / 10
Q3/ / 10
Q4/ / 10

Final Mark / Note finale:

/55
ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 2 - 12
Questions Choix Multiples // Multiple Choice Questions

1. If the load impedance of a transmission line one-half-wavelength in length is ( ) 50 150 j + O, its
input impedance is
Si limpdance de charge dune ligne de transmission ayant une longueur dune demi-longueur
donde est ( ) 50 150 j + O, son impdance dentre est
(a) ( ) 50 150 j O
(b) ( ) 50 100 j + O
(c) ( ) 50 150 j + O
(d) ( ) 1 1.5 j + O

2. If maximum and minimum voltages on a transmission line are 4 V and 2 V, respectively, the
VSWR is
Si les tensions maximales et minimales sur une ligne de transmission sont de 4 V et 2 V,
respectivement, le taux donde stationnaire (TOS) est
(a) 0.5
(b) 2
(c) 1
(d) 8

3. A transmission line can be used as
Une ligne de transmission peut tre utilise comme
(a) a resonant circuit (a) un circuit rsonant
(b) a filter (b) un filtre
(c) a waveshaping network (c) un circuit de formation donde
(d) all of the above (d) tout ce qui prcde

4. The primary parameters of a transmission line are
Les paramtres principaux dune ligne de transmission sont
(a) I, V,
(b) R, G, L, C
(c) o, , Z
0
(d) E, B, J, D

5. A uniform plane wave is
Une onde plane uniforme est
(a) longitudinal in nature (a) de nature longitudinale
(b) transverse in nature (b) de nature transverse
(c) neither transverse nor longitudinal (c) ni transverse, ni longitudinale
(d) x-directed (d) va dans la direction de laxe des x
ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 3 - 12
6. The phase velocity of an electromagnetic wave in free space is
La vitesse de phase dune onde lectromagntique dans lespace libre est
(a) independent of frequency (a) indpendante de la frquence
(b) increases with increase in frequency (b) augmente avec laugmentation de la frquence
(c) decreases with increase in frequency (c) diminue avec laugmentation de la frquence
(d) zero (d) zro

7. A wave with a propagation constant given by 0.1 0.2 j t t + has a wavelength of
Une onde ayant une constante de propagation donne par 0.1 0.2 j t t + a une longueur donde de
(a) 10 m
(b) 20 m
(c) 30 m
(d) 25 m

8. The direction of propagation of an electromagnetic wave is given by the direction of
La direction de propagation dune onde lectromagntique est obtenue partir de
(a) E
(b) H
(c) E H
(d) E H

9. Maxwells equations give the relations between
Les quations de Maxwell donnent les relations entre
(a) different fields (a) diffrents champs
(b) different sources (b) diffrentes sources
(c) different boundary conditions (c) diffrentes conditions frontires
(d) none of the above (d) aucune de ces rponses

10. The intrinsic impedance of a medium with 0 o = , 9
r
c = and 1
r
= is
Limpdance intrinsque dun milieu ayant 0 o = , 9
r
c = et 1
r
= est
(a) 40t O
(b) 9 O
(c) 120t O
(d) 60t O

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 4 - 12
11. The intrinsic impedance of a medium with 0 o = , 9
r
c = and 1
r
= is
Limpdance intrinsque dun milieu ayant 0 o = , 9
r
c = et 1
r
= est
(a) 40t O
(b) 9 O
(c) 120t O
(d) 60t O

12. In free space,
Dans lespace libre,
(a) = o
(b) 0 = o
(c) 0 = J
(d) none of these answers / aucune de ces rponses

13. For a wave propagating in a hollow waveguide, oriented in the z-direction, a TEM wave has
Pour une onde se propageant dans un guide donde creux, orient dans la direction z, une onde
TEM a
(a) 0
z
E =
(b) 0
z
H =
(c) all components of E and H equal to zero / toutes composantes de E et H gales zro
(d) 0
z
E = and 0
z
H = / 0
z
E = et 0
z
H = .

14. The cut-off frequency of a TEM wave is
La frquence de coupure dune onde TEM est
(a) zero (a) zro
(b) f (b) f
(c) infinity (c) linfini
(d) the same as a TE
10
mode. (d) la mme que le mode TE
10
.

15. If 30 | = rad/m for a TE
21
mode in a rectangular waveguide, the wavelength of this mode in the
guide is
Si 30 | = rad/m pour un mode TE
21
dans un guide donde rectangulaire, la longueur donde du
mode dans ce guide est
(a) 0.209 cm
(b) 0.209 m
(c) 2.09 m
(d) 20.9 cm

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 5 - 12
Questions Rponse Longue // Long Answer Questions

Question 1

The input impedance for a O 100 lossless transmission line of length 162 . 1 is ( ) O + 42 12 j .
Determine the load impedance using the Smith Chart. Explain what you are doing.
Une ligne de transmission sans pertes de O 100 et de longueur 162 . 1 a une impdance dentre de
( ) O + 42 12 j . Dterminer l'impdance de charge avec labaque de Smith. Expliquer ce que vous faites.

0.12 0.42
in
z j = +
0.15 0.7
L
z j =
0.064
0.402
( )
0
0.064 1.162 1.098 Adding 1.5 yields 0.402
0.15 0.7 15 70
L
Z Z j j
=
= = O

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 6 - 12
Question 2

A uniform plane wave whose electric field is of the form
Une onde plane uniforme dont le champ lectrique est donn par

( ) z t e t z
z
x
t t 5 . 0 10 3 . 0 cos 5 . 7 ) , (
8 004 . 0
=

a E V/m

is propagating in a homogeneous isotropic nonmagnetic medium.
se propage dans un milieu homogne, isotrope et non magntique.

(a) Write the electric field in phasor notation.
crire le champ lectrique sous forme de phaseur.

( )
0.004 0.5
0
0
7.5
Therefore
7.5 V/m
= + =0.004 Np/m =0.5 rad/m
z j z z
x x
z e e E e
E
t
o | o | t

= =
=

E a a

(b) What are the wave frequency, the wavelength, and the phase velocity?
Quelles sont la frquence, la longueur donde et la vitesse de phase de londe ?

8 8
8
8
2 0.3 10 rad/s 0.15 10 15 MHz
2 2
0.5
0.3 10
0.6 10 m/s
0.5
p
f f
u
e t t
t t
| t
t
e t
| t
= = = =
= = = =

= = =

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 7 - 12
(c) What is the intrinsic impedance of the medium?
Quelle est limpdance intrinsque du milieu ?

( )
( )( )
2
2
10
2 2
7 8
7
10
0.5
2.21 10 F/m
4 10 0.3 10
4 10
= 75.4
2.21 10
t
|
| e c c
e
t t
t
q
c

= = = =

= = O

(d) What is the conductivity of the medium? Is the medium a low-loss medium, a good conductor, or
Quelle est la conductivit du milieu ? Est-ce un milieu faibles pertes, un bon conducteur ou entre les
deux ? Justifier votre rponse.

( )
( )( )
10
4
7
4
3
10 8
It is not a good conductor because
It is not lossless because 0
Assume it is low-loss and check:
2.21 10
0.5 2 0.004 1 10
4 10
1.06 10
5.1 10 1
2.21 10 0.3 10
Yes, it is
o |
o
o o c o
t
c o
c ce t

=
=

= = =

''
= = =
'

a low-loss medium.

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 8 - 12
Question 3

Consider a uniform plane wave obliquely incident from medium 1 onto medium 2, as shown below; the incident
angle is u
i
= 30
o
. The constitutive parameters of medium 1 are c
r
= 4 and
r
= 16, while those of medium 2 are
c
r
= 9 and
r
= 27. The magnitude of the incident magnetic field is H
io
= 0.1 A/m, and its direction is
y
a as
shown in the figure.
Soit une onde plane uniforme obliquement incidente dun milieu 1 un milieu 2 (voir figure ci-dessous). Langle
dincidence est u
i
= 30
o
. Les paramtres du milieu 1 sont c
r
= 4 et
r
= 16, tandis que ceux du milieu 2 sont c
r
= 9
et
r
= 27. Lamplitude du champ magntique incident est H
io
= 0.1 A/m et sa direction est
y
a comme montr
sur la figure.

(a) Is this wave transverse electric or transverse magnetic? Justify your answer.
Cette onde est-elle transverse lectrique ou magntique ? Justifiez votre rponse.

This is a TM wave, since H is normal to the plane of incidence

(b) Find the transmitted angle.
Dterminer langle transmis.

( ) ( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
1 1 2 2
1 1
2 2
sin sin
16 4
sin sin 30 0.5 0.5 0.5132 0.2566
27 9
Therefore 14.9
i t
r r
t
r r
t
c u c u
c
u
c
u
=
= = = =
=

i
u
E
~

H
~

k

z
x
Medium 1
Milieu 1
Medium 2
Milieu 2

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 9 - 12
(c) Find the reflection and transmission coefficients.
Dterminer les coefficients de rflexion et de transmission.

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )( ) ( )( )
2 1
||
2 1
27 16
cos 14.9 cos 30
cos cos
9 4
cos cos 27 16
cos 14.9 cos 30
9 4
1.7321 0.9665 2 0.866
1.6741 1.732 0.0579
0.017
1.7321 0.9665 2 0.866 1.6741 1.732 3.4061
t i
t i
q u q u
q u q u

I = =
+
+

= = = =
+ +

( )
2
||
2 1
27
2 cos 30
2 cos 3
9
0.88
cos cos 3.4061 27 16
cos cos
9 4
i
t i
t i
q u
t
q u q u
u u
= = = =
+
+

(d) Sketch the reflected and transmitted field directions on a diagram.
Dessiner sur un diagramme les directions des champs rflchis et transmis.

z
x
Medium 2
Milieu 2

i
u
i
E
i
H

i
k
Medium 1
Milieu 1
r
u
r
E
r
H

r
k
t
u
t
H
t
E

t
k
ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 10 - 12
Question 4

(a) Design an air-filled rectangular waveguide to operate at a fundamental mode of a cutoff frequency
of 10 GHz. Assume a = 2b.
Concevoir un guide donde rectangulaire rempli dair et oprant un mode fondamental de
frquence de coupure 10 GHz. Supposons a = 2b.

( )
2 2
,
2
1
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
=
b
n
a
m
f
n m
c
c

The fundamental is TE
10
:
( )
( )
( )
8
10
10 9
3 10
0.015 m or 1.5 cm
2 2 10 10 2
c
c
c c
f a
a f

= = = =

Thus:
1
2
0.75 cm b a = =

(b) Calculate the cutoff frequencies for the TE
11
and TM
11
modes of this guide.
Calculer les frquences de coupure pour les modes TE
11
et TM
11
de ce guide.

( )
( )
( )
2 2
,
2 2
10
11 10
11
2 2
10
11 10
11
2
3 10 1 1
TE 2.24 10 Hz or 22.4 GHz
2 1.5 0.75
3 10 1 1
TM 2.24 10 Hz or 22.4 GHz
2 1.5 0.75
m n
c
c
c
c m n
f
a b
f
f
| | | |
= +
| |
\ . \ .
| | | |
= + =
| |
\ . \ .
| | | |
= + =
| |
\ . \ .

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 11 - 12
Extra space / Espace supplmentaire

ELG3106/3506 Dec./dc. 2009 Final Examination Examen final 12 - 12
Equation sheet / Page de formules

I
I =
+

= = I
+

u j
o L
o L
o
o
e
Z Z
Z Z
V
V

I
I +
= =
1
1
min
max
V
V
S
( )
( ) l Z Z
l Z Z
Z
l I
l V
l Z
L o
o L
o

tanh
tanh
) (
) (
) (
+
+
= =
t c
c
= V
B
E
t c
c
+ = V
D
J H
v
= V D 0 = V B
2
1
sin
sin
k
k
i
t
=
u
u

c

q = c e = k
t i
t i
i
o
r
o
TE
E
E
u q u q
u q u q
cos cos
cos cos
1 2
1 2
+

= = I = I

t i
i
i
o
tr
o
TE
E
E
u q u q
u q
t t
cos cos
cos 2
1 2
2
+
= = =

i t
i t
i
o
r
o
TM
E
E
u q u q
u q u q
cos cos
cos cos
1 2
1 2
||
+

= = I = I
i t
i
i
o
tr
o
TM
E
E
u q u q
u q
t t
cos cos
cos 2
1 2
2
||
+
= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
,
2
1
b
n
a
m
f
n m
c
+ =
c

2 2 2
1 1 1
c g

+ =
2
,
1 |
.
|

\
|
=
f
f
k
n m
c
|
2
,
1 |
.
|

\
|

=
f
f
u
u
n m
c
p

2
,
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
f
f
Z
n m
c
TEM TM
q
2
,
1
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
f
f
Z
n m
c
TEM
TE
q

General Case
Cas gnral
Lossless
Milieu
sans pertes
Low loss
Milieu
faibles
pertes
Good conductor
Bon conducteur
o
(Np/m)
2
1
2
2
1
1 1

(
(

|
.
|

\
|
'
' '
+ '
c
c
c e
0
c
o
2

o t f
|
2
1
2
2
1
1 1

(
(

+
|
.
|

\
|
'
' '
+ '
c
c
c e
c e c e o t f
c
q
()
2
1
1

|
.
|

\
|
'
' '

' c
c
c

j
c

( )
o
o
j + 1
p
u
(m/s)
|
e

c
1

c
1

o
t f 4

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