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2008
40 ONE IS NONE TWO IS ONE BOB PILGRIM
XD .45 ACP Compact.
46 BORSTAR MICHAEL BAUM
Border Patrols Elite Search And Rescue Team.
51 VIRGINIA TECH SHOOTINGS FRANK BORELLI
Why Do Students Sit Still?
56 ITS ABOUT CONTROL JEREMY D. CLOUGH
How To Understand And Zap The Average DV Perp.
60 TERRORIST ATTACKS EXPLOSIVES HOWARD LINETT
Its Only A Matter Of Time.
64 PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA ROBERT D. BOYDEN, PH.D.
Take Care Of Your Officers.
68 PROBATION & PAROLE 101 BEN CHRISTIE
Community Supervision.
Volume 4, Number 2, Issue 16
MAR APR
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ON THE COVER
40
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
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AMERICAN COP

(ISSN 1557-2609) is published bi-monthly by Publishers Development Corp., 12345 World Trade Drive, San Diego, CA 92128. Periodical postage paid at San Diego CA 92128, and at addi-
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78
60
8 RETURN FIRE
22 ON THE JOB
82 INSIDER RUMINATIONS
DEPARTMENTS
MOSSBERG 930SPX AUTO LOADING SHOTGUN
31 RECRUITMENT
76 SPOTLIGHT
80 CLASSIFIEDS
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Also Included In The Package is the LaserMax LMS-1202
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RESOURCES
16 LEAA JAMES J. FOTIS
18 CORRECTIONS BRIAN DAWE
20 HIGH TECH BOB DAVIS
24 OFFICER SURVIVAL SAMMY REESE
26 EVOC ANTHONY RICCI
28 PRIVATE SECURITY ED PALUMBO
30 RESERVES PERRY W. HORNBARGER
32 STREET LEVEL JOHN MORRISON
34 REALITY CHECK II CLINT SMITH
36 CARRY OPTIONS MARK HANTEN
38 HARD TOOLS PAUL MARKEL
COLUMNS
28
64
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:31 PM Page 5
EDITOR: ROY HUNTINGTON
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CONTRIBUTING EDITORS WES DOSS, STEVE ALBRECHT, RALPH
MROZ, BEN DOUGLAS, BRIAN HOFFNER, RICH GRASSI, FRANK BORELLI
AMERICAN COP
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MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 7
RETURNFIRE
Ofcer Survival Column
Sammy, great article on ofcer safety
and concealing our identities. However
you better add one more to your list
receiving a magazine in the mail with the
name American COP in bold print with
all our information stamped on the front
cover. If were going to attempt to con-
ceal our identities off duty, it would be
nice to receive the magazine in a discreet
way. Remember, not all of us drive big
shiny patrol cars home and park them in
the front yard. And, most of us with take
home cars have sense enough to park
them in the garage or out of the direct
8 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
line of sight. Hey guys, great magazine. I
look forward to getting it every other
month. It can be a big aid to training.
However, I agree we should all try to
keep our identities hidden when not on
the job. Just something to think about.
Dan Morton,THP
Dan, you are absolutely right about
how the magazine is mailed to sub-
scribers. Sorry about that but my
bosses have told me its a cost issue.
Apparently, putting the magazine in a
blank sleeve would force us into
another postal rate and cost a bundle.
They tell me they are working on a
solution but Im not holding my breath.
As for the take-home car situation,
Sammys former agency provided take-
home rides to their patrol cops. His
solution to the problem was parking
t he car i n f ront of hi s nei ghbor s
house. Funny thing, Sammys house
never got egged or TPed but for some
L
SUPPLIES
LAW
ENFORCEMENT

If were going to
attempt to conceal
our identities off duty,
it would be nice to
receive the magazine
in a discreet way.
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 8
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 9
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 10
RETURNFIRE
reason i t happened of t en t o hi s
neighbor go figure. Dave
Policy Changes
Dave, some recent changes to police
policies in California restrict foot
chases. Police administrators cite risk
to the officer and the perpetrator, too
often underscoring their possible result
of a police shooting.
Administrators are restricting how
and when ofcers can sprint after a sus-
pect. They outline alternatives like heli-
copters and radios to coordinate a
perimeter for a grid search. Speaking as
someone who has worked high-crime
areas as a street cop, this policy is as
ridiculous as it is transparent.
This policy is a symptom of race pol-
itics undermining law and order. Fear of
lawsuits and negative press has Sheriffs
and Chiefs on the run instead of the
criminal. They fear for their jobs over
controversy spun by the media over the
use of force on minorities.
Here is a reality check: per capita,
minorities commit a disproportionate
number of violent crimes. It stands to
reason minorities would therefore be the
subject of most chases and use of force.
Patrol cops have a front-row seat to
watch a criminal justice system intimi-
dated by race hustlers, rogue civil
rights attorneys and the liberal media.
Hamstrung and stewing in frustration
cops witness our country imploding
under the inuence of a leaderless gov-
ernment too timid to hold the line and
back the warriors among us.
Doug Traubel,
Detective in Idaho
Doug, makes you want to just grab
the admin weenies by the collar and
shake their sorry butts. Theyve been
away from the streets too long and forget
there really are bad guys out there. Not
the disadvantaged but bad guys.
We should not drop foot pursuits
because we might heaven forbid
catch a bad guy. And, if were forced to
shoot him in the process, not only
should he not have run, but he
shouldnt have placed the officer in a
position where deadly force was neces-
sary. Im a big believer in the idea of
personal responsibility. If you run from
a cop or do something threatening his
life, you are responsible for your own
death or injury. I dont have a bit of
sympathy. I just feel bad for the sus-
pects family, the officer and the
ofcers family not the dirtbag.
The very last group admin should
worry about is the press. They need us
more than we need them. If the commu-
nity has a gripe about a shooting, thats
one thing. If the press wants to make
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MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 12
hay over a shoot, admin needs to
remember when that reporter or news
director goes home at night he could
give a crap about the poor disadvan-
taged, gang-banging, beer-swilling,
dope-smoking miscreant but he does
care about his advertisers its all
money driven. Tears and blood sell.
We cant run a law enforcement
agency like it was a department store.
Sometimes, as a matter of fact some-
what often, were going to have dis-
satisfied customers. Build a bridge
and get over it. Thats the nature of
police work. If the situation was war-
ranted and the shooting is clean, I
think of it as just being Darwins little
helpers. Dave
Reserves Column
Ive seen many journals of other
professions and I must have missed
where another party not hired to do that
job thought it was fun. So, they thought
theyd get a smattering of the training
and go do it for free.
I dont care how well meaning or
sincere the volunteer is, if they are
doing someone elses job for nothing
and they do not have or cannot get the
skills and training needed to do that job,
then they have no business playing at it.
And since your ad stated the magazine
was for cops, by cops then either you
are making a big mistake in your adver-
tising or just full of bunk which is it?
Id like to play at being a doctor and
maybe a few other professions too, but
they dont allow it. My agency was
forced to stop it by union pressure.
They took away tons of OT rst from
us by allowing those players to do
the dress like a cop thing and make a
joke out of the job. Of course the
dress-ups had to call the real police
when they ran across a problem, as
they had no idea what to do.
It takes a rookie a few hundred
hours of academy and OJT to get to
where they too have a clue how to
handle the job. Hope you get my drift
and take that column out of COP mag-
azine unless you want to put in the
other column about civilians playing
brain surgeon. Get the point?
Steven S.Baum,
Niagara Falls P.D. 25 years
Steven, aint gonna happen. The
column stays. You are HUA if you think
todays reserves and auxiliary officers
lack training. Even 30 years ago when I
started out as a reserve with our local
sheriff s department, the training was
the same as it was for the regulars
just extended over a longer time frame.
But, it was the same training conducted
by the same trainers at the same training
RETURNFIRE
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 13
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offers eighty models of premium night sights for pistols,


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They are impervious to solvents, useable in virtually any light and carry
a 12-year illumination warranty. Eight new models are available for 2007.
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MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 13
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 14
are added to the mix. After receiving the
surplus rifles, several of our officers
bought their own; Bushmaster and Rock
River in semi-auto mode only as we
really dont see the need for full auto,
besides the surplus guns are available if
needed. I did as well.
We were allowed to qualify and carry
the personal ries on duty. Since the
original purchase, Ive purchase some
toys; 3-9 power illuminated Mil-dot
scope, EOTech 512 red dot sight, Rail
fore grips and even a cheap laser along
with a tactical light. But the most valu-
able accessory I purchased was a pro-
gressive reloader to produce cheap Duty
Equivalent ammunition for practice.
The practice is well worth it as my
recent qualifications can attest. Ive
qualified with iron sights, the EOTech
and Im making plans to qualify with
the scope. Our department isnt large
enough to have a dedicated SWAT
team, but calls on bigger departments
SWAT guys if necessary.
As Clint Smith points out, that
resource is usually and hour or two
away unacceptable in an active
shooter situation.
I find I agree with Clink Smith
totally. I have the toys to use should
the tactical situation dictate, but I keep
it in iron sight mode.
Thanks for the great articles!
Ptl. L. Apple,
West Carrollton PD
Just finished reading Mr. Smiths
Im Sorry You're Not An Operator,
article in the Jan/Feb 08 issue. For one
of the rst times I can think of, I totally
agree with him.
Ive watched departments here slide
down the same slope, not only with
ries but shotguns as well. Every thing-
a-my-bob you could think of had to be
had or hung on the guns, the new
lions believed it made them work
better, and oh so cool (Chicks love
cool), us old timers (aka dinosaurs) just
plodded along trying to help.
Hell, when I started so many years
ago it was the model-27 3.5" or Colt-
357 6" on the hip backed up by the Win-
chester 30-30 in the trunk and double
barrel 12 from Stevens. Sorry rambling.
OUTSTANDING MR.SMITH.
D. James Sgt/ret
facility. I know because when I was hired
as a regular, I went through it again.
As for taking away OT never saw
it here. There was plenty to go around.
The reserves took the crap jobs like
directing traffic at ballgames, and
parades or transporting stinking puking
drunks to jail for us. Ill give them every
single minute of that they want I
hated directing traffic. (Is this road
closed? No lady, its our annual are
burn off day. If we dont get rid of them
before the end of the scal year we dont
get as much in next years budget.)
What about volunteer fire depart-
ments? Are you going to tell a
reserve/volunteer firefighter to put
that hose down and leave when your
house is burning? Dave
Corrections Column
Brian, as a Calif. CO I enjoy your
columns but I want to clarify something
in the Jan/Feb issue. As you know most
POST positions at prisons are not
armed and in Calif. if you work a non-
armed position you only qualify once a
year, which means most COs in Calif.
only go to the range during our annual
one week block training. The armed
positions qualify quarterly.
By the way you might nd this inter-
esting, at CDC & R we still carry S&W
mod 64 .38 cal weapons and earlier this
year, admin took away our shotguns for
transportation runs go gure. I look
forward to your next column.
Mark Muckenthaler
Officer Muckenthaler, thanks so
much for writing and setting me
straight on the qualication specics of
CDC. I was under the impression all
COs in the CDC had to qualify quar-
terly. Id also like to thank you for sub-
scribing to American COP.
At COP, we recognize corrections as
an important part of the law enforce-
ment community and provide a forum
to discuss corrections issues. Many
civilians dont understand the pivotal
roll we play, in fact many LE profes-
sionals also lack that understanding.
If you get a chance, check out
www.COIntel.net. I think youll find a
lot of useful information on our pro-
fession. Be safe, and watch your back
in there. Brian
Reality Check II Column
I found myself in complete agree-
ment with Clint Smith. My department
received some surplus M-16s from
some program of the Federal Govern-
ment several years ago and equipped
them with Tactical Lights (the
cheapest they could nd.)
I agree basic iron sight marksmanship
needs to be mastered before any toys
AMERICAN COP
TM
welcomes letters to the editor. We reserve
the right to edit all published letters for clarity and length. Due
to the volume of mail, we are unable to individually answer your
letters or e-mail. In sending a letter to American COP, you agree
to provide Publishers Development Corp. such copyright as is
required for publishing and redistributing the contents of your
letter in any format. Send your letters to Return Fire, American
COP, 12345 World Trade Dr., San Diego, CA 92128; www.ameri-
cancopmagazine.com;
e-mail: ed@americancopmagazine.com.
*
RETURNFIRE
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 15
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16 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
A
s LEAAmakes clear, Gun
control is NOT Crime con-
trol; never has been, never
will be! Space limitations
prevent me from detailing just how
wrong these hug-a-thug politicians
are for blaming guns, honest gun
owners or the NRAfor causing
cop killers. For example, the NRA
trains more law enforcement
LEAA JAMES J. FOTI S
THE LAW ENFORCEMENT ALLIANCE OF AMERICA.
T
his characterization seems to be
conrmed by the ve-year FBI
study, Violent Encounters: A
study of Felonious Assaults on
Our Nations Law Enforcement Ofcers.
Bad guys had no hesitation whatsoever
about pulling the trigger and the
Offenders typically displayed no moral
or ethical restraints in using rearms.
So, more cops were killed and cop
killers and criminals seem to be
quicker to choose to attack and try to
kill us; there appears to be insuffi-
cient deterrence.
In response, politicians (mostly with
a D after their names) have chosen to
blame guns and groups like the NRA;
one politician actually said it was time
to tell the NRAto take a hike. They
are willing to play politics as usual and
propose more meaningless gun-control
laws, rather than deal with the real
issues, and propose real solutions.
I
n many ways, 2007 was a very bad year for law enforce-
ment. Based on data available when this was written from
Craig Floyd of NLEOMF, it appears 2007 was one of the
most deadly years for cops nearing 170 fallen at time of
writing. That represents an increase of nearly 40 percent over
this time last year.
Reflected as well is a
dramatic spike in
fatal shootings; again,
up over 40 percent so
far in 2007.
Almost as alarming
is the fact 40 of the cop
killers over the last
decade have been under
18 years old. Floyd
identies them as a
cold-blooded criminal
element with no regard
for human life.
James J. Fotis is a retired officer from New York and the Executive Director of the Law Enforcement Alliance of America (LEAA). LEAA works to promote officer safety issues, defend law enforcement in the media and promote
the belief that gun control is not crime control. You can find out more or become a member of the hard-hitting, conservative, unabashedly pro-cop, pro-gun, pro-self defense LEAA by visiting their Web site at www.leaa.org
Its NOT
Crime
Control
UNDER
SEIGE
Conrmation
Continued on page 73
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 16
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MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:32 PM Page 17
18 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
ALARMING INDICATIONS
I
was asked recently if Id be
willing to testify as an expert wit-
ness on corrections at contract arbi-
tration in Suffolk County, New
York. Ive done this many times in the
past, but still felt a few hours to refresh
my memory by going over some new
statistics would be needed.
When I began to prepare my presen-
tation I was stunned at the differences
between the inmates I encountered as a
state correctional ofcer and those of
my brothers and
sisters working in a
county system. The
rst thing that jumped out was the dis-
parity between the number of assaults
on staff compared to state and federal
prisons. Assaults on staff in our nations
county jails were nearly double that of
state prisons and
almost triple the assault
rate in federal facilities. County jails
have an assault on staff rate of 2.7 per
100 inmates. In state facilities its 1.4
per 100 and 0.9 in the federal system.
When I looked at the Average Daily
Population (ADP) for the past 10 years
I found although the number of
inmates in state custody had increased
by 30.45 percent from 1995 to 2006,
the increase in our county jails was a
whopping 51.07 percent. Assault rates
began to make more sense.
I
d gained a newfound respect for
my brothers and sisters in the
county system. There is a public
misconception when you discuss
county, state and federal inmates. The
public, much of the media and our
politicians often look upon a county jail
and say, Its only a jail, the real bad
guys are in the state prison or federal
pen. How wrong they are.
BRI AN DAWE CORRECTIONS
BEHINDTHE FENCE.
Only Jail?
County jails assault on staff
rate 2.7 per 100 inmates
State facilities assault on staff
rate
1.4 per 100
Federal facilities assault on staff
rate
0.9 per 100 inmates
AIDS/HIV among county
inmates was
3 times higher
than their state counterparts
15.6 percent of county inmates
were identified as gang members
13.4 percent of state inmates were
identified as gang members
11.7 percent of federal inmates were
identified as gang members
Suicide rate of prisoners in state custody is 14 per 100,000
Suicide rate of prisoners in county custody is 47 per 100,000
O
ther indicators, such as suicide rates, were alarming. Inmates commit
suicide in state custody at a rate of 14 per 100,000; in the county sys-
tems that number was an astronomical 47 per 100,000 over three
times higher. Another major concern involved mental health issues
56 percent of state inmates were found to have some form of mental disorder
while 64 percent of county inmates suffered from these maladies. Among state
inmates, 15 percent were deemed to have psychotic disorders, while 24 percent
of county inmates suffered one out of every four inmates. Also I found
AIDS/HIV among county inmates was three times higher than their state coun-
terparts; 1.8 percent of the population compared to 0.5 percent. I attempted to
look at the effect terrorism and tighter immigration enforcement is having on
the system but statistically its just too early to tell, although we do know an
overdue crackdown on illegal immigration is having a substantial impact on
daily population levels.
Corrections realize 1/3 of all violent incidents in our nations prisons and
jails are gang related. No longer surprised, I found 15.6 percent of county
inmates were identied as gang members compared to 13.4 percent of state
and 11.7 percent of federal inmates.
Average Daily Population for the
past 10 years increased in the state
systems by 30.45 percent
Average Daily Population for the
past 10 years increased in the
county systems by 51.07 percent
Continued on page 75
K
I
d
K
O
C
a
K
r

K
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:33 PM Page 18
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MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:33 PM Page 19
I
f theres anything Ive learned in 30 years of policing
its you need a big tool box if you want to be efcient.
Along with the regular stuff guns, knives, handcuffs
and batons you have to throw in a few gadgets now
and then. Gadgets are like Jell-O; we all know, theres
BOB DAVI S HIGHTECH
CUTTING EDGE WIDGETS AND OTHER NEW STUFF.
HIGH TECH HIDE & SEEK
I
f you dont have easy access to
the Internet, you can always pro-
gram the device over a touchtone
phone, so you always have
access. In addition to the four basic
sensors, each unit uses state-of-the-
art Assisted GPS. Assisted GPS
uses both satellite and known cellular
towers to assist in locating the unit
even if the crooks attempt to hide the
stolen goods out of sight. When a
thief disturbs a piece of protected
equipment or property, or attempts to
20 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
T
he DS500
MOBILE-
LOCK comes
with four sen-
sors packed into its
tiny 3.5"x 4.5"x1"
casing holding a
rechargeable bat-
tery lasting about 4
weeks before
recharging. The
model 505 comes
with an additional
housing for 4 D
size batteries and
extends the run life
up to three months.
Built-in sensors
detect tampering,
door contact
opening, vibration
and temperature
changes. All can be
programmed indi-
vidually with
DeWALTs very cool Web-base interface. You can customize settings, such as
alarm times, vibration sensitivity, and alerts. You can even give each sensor a
nickname instead of using its electronic serial number.
Assisted GPS
Smart Widgets
always room for Jell-O so theres got to be room for one or
two good toys in the toolbox.
This gadget is a sophisticated global positioning system or
GPS device made by DeWALT called MOBILELOCK. Thats
right, the big tool company that uses a lot yellow in marketing
their products. They came up with a gem hiding in plain sight
with very little yellow on it. If you ask me, its pretty savvy
because very few bad guys will ever associate a high-tech
recovery device with a company known for power tools.
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:33 PM Page 20
remove the unit from the asset, the
alarm activates and a silent signal is
sent over the cellular network. In turn,
notications are sent to three pre-pro-
grammed telephone numbers or e-mail
addresses alerting the owner in matter
of moments. The downside; if you
work in an area with little or no cellular
coverage, youre out of luck. But if the
crooks move the goods to a covered
area, youre back in business. Just
ping the MOBILELOCK from their
Web site and youll get a real time loca-
tion tied into Microsofts global map-
ping system in a matter of moments.
Now there are some costs involved
with this technology. Since the device
uses cellular networks to notify
owners, theres a monthly service
charge, which includes several
locates. You can also pre-purchase
blocks of 50 locates for $25.
These devices are targeted at the con-
struction industry. Theyre designed to
attack the burgeoning problem of con-
struction site larceny. And, even though
the device is passive, its unique tech-
nology allows it to become a pro-active
tool for law enforcement. Besides the
obvious applications the potential for
other law enforcement uses whether
surreptitious surveillance of a suspects
car, an electronic geographic fence or
setting up bait cars in high crime areas,
or simple motion detection in restricted
areas is tremendous. Using the High
Tech GPS MOBILELOCK, reminds me
of playing hide-n-seek as a kid. Well,
Im not a kid playing hide-n-seek any-
more; nowadays I have some cool new
tools to use. Ready or not
here I come.
More Info: www.dewalt.com/mobilelock
K
Using the High Tech
GPS MOBILELOCK,
reminds me of playing
hide-n-seek as a kid.
Well, Imnot a kid
playing hide-n-seek
anymore; nowadays I
have some cool new
tools to use. Ready or
not here I come.
*
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22 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
found 46-year old Kurt Husfeldt standing
there with the stolen unit in his hands,
trying to gure out how that funny-
lookin cell phone worked.
Husfeldt, his 13-year old son, and a
20-year old accomplice were charged
in the theft. They thought they had
stolen a buncha fancy new cell phones
and were trying to get one to make a
call. It did but not the kinda call they
expected. It called Momma and said,
Come get me!
he worked. He thought he was getting
away clean pardon the pun, okay?
Robert truly couldnt gure it out when
ofcers showed up at his door soon after
the burglary was discovered. How could
they have known? He took the cam-
eras. But, he hadnt taken the video
recorder or the tape which captured
his every twitch and chuckle close-
up and personal. Nevada
State Prison may offer a
course like, Under-
standing Basic Tech-
nology 101.
Just imagine being
the officer who
patiently explained to
him, Remember
those fat cords you
unscrewed from
the backs of the
cameras? See, the
pictures kinda
squeeze down
real skinny, and
they flow like
water through
those tubes back
to this metal box-
thingie, and.
She yelped, de Bruyn admitted, Because getting
stunned hurts. Well, duhHe called police and reported
he had a relative in his house who wouldnt leave. Consid-
ering she had just been shocked maybe, at that point, she
wasnt able to leave. Maybe she was still taking a little
twitch-an-shiver break on the oor.
Ol Rosemary was checked out and declared to be
okay. Aaron was checked in at Washingtons Skamania
County Jail and charged with fourth-
degree domestic violence.
R
obert Lyn White had a plan but not a clue
when he burglarized the Southside Laundry in
Elko, Nevada. The well-known
52-year old local resident knew the
place was monitored by six sur-
veillance video cameras, so
after he bagged up the
rest of his loot, he went
from one camera to the
next carefully discon-
necting and removing
them. He figured since
he was stealing the cam-
eras, it didnt matter if
he stared right into
them while he
was loosening
bolts and nuts,
doing a little
laughing and
mugging for
the cameras as
A
t rst it looked like the city of
Babylon, New York was SOL
Seriously Outta Luck
and missing 14 expensive new
GPS devices. They were intended to be
used by operators of the towns snow-
plows, street sweepers and dump
trucks. The public works garage had
been burglarized and there were no
apparent clues. After a little head
COMMANDER GI LMORE ONTHEJOB
A CAREFULLY SELECTED COLLECTION OF SLAPSHOTS AND SNOT-FLINGIN FUNNY STUFF FROM FELLOW COPS.
Got something to share? Send it to me at OnTheJobStuff@Yahoo.com and if I use it, Ill fish around in my desk and find some kinda cheap gizmo to send you.
S
ome guys have mother-in-law problems. Aaron de
Bruyn said he had a grandmother-in-law problem.
It seems he couldnt get her to shut up and couldnt
get her to leave the house, which, one presumes,
would have also taken care of problem number one. He
found another approach, but it wasnt very socially sensi-
tive: He zapped her with his stungun.
Yup. His wifes granny, 79-year old Rosemary Garlock,
was sittin on the sofa when Aaron poked her with 50,000
volts. He didnt seem to think that was overdoing it.
*
AND IT WORKS GREAT ON UNWANTED GUESTS
scratchin some techno-cop with Suf-
folk County came up with one of those
why didnt we think of this rst?
ideas. They turned the GPS receiver on
and hit search.
Bingo! One of the errant GPS devices
was red up and operating, making a
neat little blip on the screen. Ofcers
easily homed in on a residence in nearby
Lindenhurst. When the cops arrived, they
ANOTHER TECHNO DUMMY
Not Quite Up To
Date On Technology
Not Quite Up To
Date On Technology
Jerry Meloche
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:21 AM Page 22
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:21 AM Page 23
C
oming from the school of one
is none and two is one, you
know which side of the
backup gun argument I am
going to take. Without debating too
heavily how and what to carry, Ill
stand on top of my soap box
and yell, please carry a second
gun somewhere on your
person where you can
access it with either hand. And
then, practice with it. When or
if you need it, things have
gotten really bad and there
will be no time for fam-re or
warm ups. Plan and what-if
the worst possible situation
you might nd yourself in and
practice saving your life.
What to carry is a personal
choice and may also be dic-
tated by department policy. I
know of cops carrying what
most would consider a duty
gun for backup and others car-
rying a two-shot derringer.
The ability to pull out some
type of bullet launcher is the
far better option opposed to a pocket
full of lint. Clint Smith says you can
never have too big a gun or too much
ammo when it hits the fan.
GETTING HOME IN THE SAME CONDITION YOU WENT TO WORK IN.
SAMMY REESE OFFICERSURVIVAL
T
he argument over backup weapons and
where to carry them is almost as bad as
Weaver Vs. Isosceles I dont care which
stance you use to defend yourself as long as
you win and the bad guy doesnt. No one will
care or ask what stance you used.
The argument over backup weapons gets cops
hackles up. Some wont go anywhere on or off
duty without two or more guns. Some will cry
and moan about having to worry about
retaining two guns, it costs too much money
and its too heavy. Ill ask a simple question,
how much is your life worth? I bet to your
family theres no way to put a price on it.
Recently, a rural deputy told me he
has a second gun but doesnt have a way
to carry it. He patted his duty gun and
said, I guess Ill have to live and die with
this one. Lets just say we found a way for
him to carry the second gun.
The Back Up Gun
Its Worth
Your Life
Carry Options
W
here to carry is always tough. Today we
carry more gear than Batman, but the new
generation of guns are so light the
ammo weighs more than the gun. Just
remember these super light guns are not fun to shoot
unless youre into pain. But if you really need it,
youll never notice.
Ankle rigs, pocket holsters and special pouches on
vests have made packing a second gun much easier.
Quality stuff costs money and I already covered the
how much your life is worth part. Take a few days off
from buying Moca-frapa-lattes and use the money to
buy a quality holster. If you stay away from the fufu
coffee house for a while 5 bucks a day for a month
is around $150. Thats good enough for a quality hol-
ster and some practice ammo. Another six months and
youve got the gun too.
Law enforcement today has more challenges than
when editor Douglas hit the streets you put gas in
your car, he had a grain bucket but technology has
made doing the job easier and tougher. Just ask any
cop trying to do a trafc stop while all the occupants of the car are videotaping or
recording him on camera phones. What hasnt changed is you only have the tools
you have on you when the bell rings. I hope you never need the backup
gun you have diligently carried every day. Dont die wishing you had one.
24 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
*
D
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:21 AM Page 24
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MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:21 AM Page 25
and aggressive behaviors,
you should really analyze
your schedule and make
time to sleep, eat right,
exercise, and be with the
family. Stepping back and
getting adequate rest will
enable you to perform
better and be much more
effective. Youll feel more
productive and enjoy a
sense of self-accomplish-
ment instead feeling like
the hamster on a treadmill
going through the motions.
If you start to feel over
fatigued while driving on
patrol immediately stop
driving. Pull off the road
at a safe place and take a
short nap, consuming caffeine and
sugar will only work for the short
term and never rely on drowsy dri-
ving devices. The only real x is
being correctly prepared for your
shift, which means getting the correct
amount of sleep (8 hours) each night,
working out regularly and trying to eat
a well balanced diet.
More info on this topic as well as
Dr. Bryan Vilas book Tired Cops
the Importance of Managing Police
Fatigue can be found at
www.sleepfoundation.org.
E
ver have one of those days when nothing goes right? Perhaps during an
incident you were less than understanding, more hot tempered or even acted
a bit too aggressively. From the time you got in your car (banging your
head) to when you were writing reports and lost your only pen under the
seat. Next time you reect on your actions, ask yourself how much sleep youre
getting and what your shifts were like for the past couple weeks. Were you
coming off of days and got stuck on the nightshift rotation or maybe just opted for
the overtime to help with your kids education costs. Whatever the case, if youre
overtired, sooner or later it will affect your personality, motor skills, thought
process and how you handle yourself on the job.
Some of us think our patrol car is a mobile bed and a place to catch up on
those missed Zzzzzzs. Thatll get you in trouble really quick. Many shifts go
without incident and sometimes you can get away with screwing off. But what
happens that one time your job calls on you to make the notorious life saving
correct split second decision? It could require verbal commands, drawing a
rearm or simply avoiding a potential accident while driving to the scene. Being
fatigued on the job is never a good thing especially when 80 to 90 percent of
your time is spent behind the wheel of a moving automobile.
D
r. Bryan Vila, performed exten-
sive research on how fatigue
affects law enforcement and
authored Tired Cops the
Importance of Managing Police Fatigue.
Vilas research shows fatigue can impair
ofcers just as if they had consumed too
much alcohol. Judgment and common
sense become substandard. Seventeen
hours of sustained wakefulness decreases
physical and mental performance to a level
equivalent of a blood alcohol level at .05
percent, while 24 hours of sustained wake-
fulness is equivalent to .10 percent, which
meets or exceeds the legal standard of dri-
ving while intoxicated in all 50 states.
There are many reasons for ofcers to
be fatigued on the job. Some are evident
and can be self-rectied such as: poor
diet, sleep loss, sleep deprivation,
insomnia, any disruption in your bodys
natural cycle, sedating medications,
drinking even small amounts of alcohol,
driving alone for long periods of time
especially on rural routes, and working
more than 60 hours a week.
Sometimes reasons seemingly easy to
x are harder to identify than youd think.
For example: is your sleep loss caused by
choosing to work as many OT shifts as
you can or could it be possible you have
an unknown sleep apnea problem? Sleep
apnea can go unnoticed for years, unless
someone tells you your breathing abnor-
mally in your sleep you wouldnt recog-
nize it yourself.
ANTHONY RI CCI EVOC
26 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
SURVIVING IN YOUR MOBILE OFFICE.
*
FATIGUE ON THE JOB
DWT DRIVING WHILE TIRED
Are You DWT? Are You DWT?
Anthony Ricci is the owner and president of Advanced Driving and Security (ADSI). Hes been teaching cops to drive for over 10 years. www.1adsi.com.
This ofcer was on his way home at end-of-shift. High
speed and fatigue were both major factors in this
single-vehicle accident. Fortunately, the cop survived.
Adequate Rest
C
orrectly diagnosing and
accepting fatigue is the rst
step to helping yourself deal
with a very serious problem.
However, many of us think being
tired is part of the job and shrug it
off. When fatigued, we face many of
the same symptoms as a DUI. If
youre experiencing slower reaction
time, bad judgment, poor vision,
problems with information pro-
cessing and short-term memory,
decreased performance, vigilance
and motivation, increased moodiness
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:21 AM Page 26
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recognition biometrics and a spring-loaded door to give you
instant access to your safes contents when you need
itand strong, tamperproof security
when you dont. Mounts
securely to walls,
oors, drawers or
inside your vehicle
its the ultimate insult
to criminals everywhere.
www.gunvault.com 800-242-1055
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:22 AM Page 27
PRIVATESECURITY ED PALUMBO
ISSUES AND TRENDS ON THE PRIVATE SIDE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT.
A
re these men
and women
thoughtful
professionals,
surrendering a signifi-
cant chunk of their lives,
not to mention exposure
to enormous personal
risk as they volunteer
to assist our govern-
ment to stabilize
broken institutions over-
seas? Or, person(s) who
takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national of
a Party to the conflict and is motivated to take part in
the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain
and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to
the conflict, material compensation substantially in
excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar
ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party
(the definition of mercenary according to Wikipedia!)?
The recent travails of Blackwater and the attendant
media frenzy further blur the distinction between what is
and is not a mercenary. Or is there a distinction? Whats
the difference between the operations of a private security
team helping to train a police force in Afghanistan and a
private security team in Baghdad assigned to protect US
diplomats? Both are, usually, armed. Both are populated
by former military types, and/or current or former law
enforcement ofcers. Both are in country as a direct
result of a critical inability on the part of local govern-
ment to protect its own borders, institutions, and people.
A
s the world turns or disintegrates, depending on whether you have an eco-
friendly, holistic global warming approach to life on this planet, or
heaven forbid view life from a rational, empirical, evidence-based per-
spective, the words we use to describe the various disciplines of our pro-
fession mutate as well. And the seeds of confusion are thus sewn.
An illustration: Several years ago members of a privately funded, paramili-
tary force, inserted into a foreign country, for whatever reason suppression,
protection services were called mercenaries. In some quarters they still are,
but the meaning of the word, strongly inuenced as applied, or misapplied, by
the media, becomes muddled when attempts are made to simultaneously
describe both private security endeavors in
support of nation-building and mercenary
force operations, sometimes in the same
region. It gets more confusing when the
same companies offer both services. (I
recommend John Irvins 1981
Dogs of War for cinematic
clarity, at least, regarding the
meaning of mercenary.)
The Dogs
Of War
The Dogs
Of War
T
hose who employ the
modern merc shy away
from the term merce-
nary: The post 9-11
world has seen a remarkable
expansion of specialized forms of
private security contractor, the so-
called private military company,
or PMC. Blackwater, Dyncorp,
ArmorGroup, Control Risks have
expanded the role of private-sector
protective security to fill gaps left
in Iraq, Bosnia, Afghanistan and
elsewhere. This has led to some
interesting and controversial
exploits having implications for
the security profession.
It has also led to less contro-
versial as judged by the media
and many American politicians,
who need little reason to fault US
government, US corpora-
tions, and certainly
28 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
EXPONENTIAL
EXPANSION
Sequoia Blankenship
Definition
MACOP08sec1 1/23/08 1:22 AM Page 28
anyone who bears arms for a living
but spectacularly horrifying deaths
of PMC employees, Blackwater, for
example whereas only alleged
deaths at the hands of Blackwater rate
non-stop media scrutiny and Congres-
sional condemnation. Was there a
Senate hearing when four American
Blackwater team members were
slaughtered and burned in Fallujah? If
so, I blinked and missed it entirely.
Consultant
Vs
Mercenary
The rise of the private security com-
pany in emerging nations, war zones and
high-risk areas has created a new breed of
private soldiers, armed mercenaries,
security guards, and companies who have
the license to resort to full-scale violence
if attacked. But are they the same people?
Are all those disciplines fairly and accu-
rately lumped together? When does a pri-
vate security contractor providing protec-
tive or intelligence services in emerging
markets to an MNC (sorry, multi-national
corporation) cease being a consultant and
become a mercenary? Is it a matter of
intent? Does the identity or nationality of
the MNC matter?
In the eyes of many they constitute
freelance and mostly unregulated war-
riors who operate with, at best, murky
legal restraint. (Wise elders in the US
Congress recently passed legislation
placing any such PMC, of US origin,
under the laws of the United States). The
commercial provision of an armed force
has become a standard way of doing
business, as well as the potential for cre-
ating a supplemental tool of foreign
policy. This isnt a new idea; you only
have to know the history of American
business, and note the private security
arms of economic icons such as Ford, or,
on behalf of US agri-businesses in Cen-
tral America in the late twenties, the US
Marine Corps, to realize our government
has inuenced public policy with such
means, internally and externally, for well
over a hundred years.
Is there a need to nd a proper place
for PMC organizations? Does con-
gressional oversight help? Has it ever?
Whats the impact, if any, on the secu-
rity profession?
In the next installment well break
this out further and interview several
real people whose mercenary actions
are the sum and substance of the
debate and the center of
the controversy.
*
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 29
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 29
WHATS
IN THE
BAG?
PERRY W. HORNBARGER RESERVES
DEDICATION AND PROFESSIONALISM THAT GOES BEYOND PAY.
30 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
Perry W. Hornbarger is the Unit Commander of the Chesterfield, Va. Auxiliary Police Unit. He can be reached via e-mail at hornbargerp@yahoo.com.
I
f youre like most Reserve/Auxiliary Of-
cers nationwide, your department doesnt
issue a personal police car. If they do
Im jealous. Were fortunate to have four
cars issued to our unit minimally equipped
that can be checked out by our members.
As a result of having cars with only bare bones
equipment ofcers must carry their personal
issued equipment with them. Many, if not all,
utilize a ditty bag of some sort. You know
the stuff Im talking about, the equipment the
department issues and expects you to have and
use in the event you need it.
M
any of us have learned through trial and error and
some inconveniences what items we should always
have to make our job a little easier. I wish in my
early years, someone had taken the time to put pen
to this and give to the new guys. I asked my training
officer of years ago to put together a list of recommended
items to help those new members. Many of the items I
carry in my bags come from that list. Due to the number of
issued and optional items I choose to carry, Im actually
up to two bags now, but one of them stays in the trunk
with the bulky or seldom needed items. The other one
WHATS
IN THE
BAG?
S
ome ofcers carry bottled water and emergency food rations. If you work
in a desolate or even a rural area, thats probably not a bad idea. Im fortu-
nate to work in an area where 24-hour convenience stores are everywhere.
But during bad weather or when preparing for extended operations, such
as sitting on an extended crime scene, Ill usually stop by one of them and pick up
some snacks and drinks, more for personal comfort than a matter of survival.
As far as the bag itself, a number of decent manufacturers make suitable
bags. The one I use has a removable pocket ap on top so you can remove it to
sew on a patch or have it embroidered. I had our unit patch and a black
nametape with my last name on it sewn on. This makes it a little easier to iden-
tify. If youre interested, drop me an e-mail.
Area Specific
A
little forethought, on what
youre likely to run across on
your beat and planning will
make life on the streets a little
more tolerable for you and your co-
workers. You may be a hero to your
partner when his flashlight batteries
die or when a sudden headache
develops in the middle of the shift.
After all, as Reserve/Auxiliary Offi-
cers, isnt that our job
to be there?
Be Prepared
*
Trial And Error
LOADED MAGAZINES FOR ISSUED SIDEARM
EXTRA CUFFS AND FLEXCUFFS
HANDCUFF KEY (JUST IN CASE)
LEG RESTRAINTS
D CELL BATTERIES
FLASHLIGHT BULB
BACK-UP FLASHLIGHT W/TRAFFIC CONE
INFECTIOUS DISEASE KIT
LATEX GLOVES
EMERGENCY BLANKETS (THE THIN ALUMINUM ONES)
SMALL BOTTLE OF PAIN RELIEVER
MOLESKIN FOR BLISTERS
PAIR OF SOCKS
HANDKERCHIEF
GLOVES AND EAR WARMERS
EXTRA PENS AND PENCILS
PERMANENT MARKER
NYLON CORD (25 50)
A COUPLE OF BLACK PLASTIC TRASH BAGS
CHARGED RADIO BATTERY
PORTABLE BREATHALYZER TEST MOUTHPIECES
HAND SANITIZER
BIO-HAZARD SAFETY EVIDENCE TUBE FOR SYRINGES
TRAFFIC VEST AND WHISTLE
ASSORTED VEHICLE FUSES
POCKET CPR MASK
things I use frequently stays up front within reach and
ready for quick use.
It may seem like a lot of crap to carry but many of you
know how invaluable some of these items can be when
youre on the street and need them right now. Through
personal experience you may have learned to carry some
different items; if so, Id love to hear what works for you.
The weather in certain areas of the country may dictate
other items such as cold or hot weather gear or supplies,
but Im sure we agree there are some basic items for any
kit no matter what part of the country you are in.
SMALL DISPOSABLE TOWELS
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 30
We are seeking highly qualified police
officers for our lateral police officer school
commencing in May of 2008.
$41,000-$44,000 starting salary depending on experience,
State Police enhanced retirement, health and dental insurance,
take home car, education pay, shift differential pay, remote duty
location pay, specialty team pay, openings throughout the state.
Must have 3 years law enforcement experieince and 2 years with
current agency, 30 college credit hours, pass written exam,
physical fitness test, polygraph, psychological and medical exams,
background check, pass oral interview and Chiefs selection.
If you are interested in what it takes to be a New Mexico State Police
Officer, contact your nearest State Police Office or call
1-800-521-9911
Benefits:
Qualifications:
or visit our website @
nmsp.com
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 31
32 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
JOHN MORRI SON STREETLEVEL
John Morrison served in combat as a Marine sergeant, and retired as a senior lieutenant from the San Diego Police Department, having served there as Director of Training, Commanding Officer of SWAT and division
executive officer. He has taught, written and lectured widely on training, tactics and leadership. Contact him at StreetLevelOne@yahoo.com.
A
nd its not just formalized tactics or techniques that are critical in two-
ofcer operation: Very basic, second-nature behaviors are extremely important.
In one case, two ofcers responded to a vaguely-described disturbance in a res-
idential area and found nothing noteworthy. They stood in an empty driveway
and had a brief discussion about what, well never know. Between partners, it could
have been about their families, favorite shing spots, or lunch plans.
They stood side by side, both looking not scanning, just looking in the one
direction: the quiet, empty street to their front. They were both shot from behind, their
assailant had cover, concealment, and accesses gates, doors and windows.
Had they been trained to do so, or just thought about it and discussed it, they might
have stood facing each other, offset by at least a body-width to their sides, so they could
talk easily, even fulll that all-too-human need for occasional eye contact, and still have
almost unbroken 360-degree visual assessment of their surroundings.
All too often, for all the wrong reasons, partners who otherwise interact
smoothly; who have great loyalty and respect for each other; who can almost read
each others minds, seriously neglect that one aspect of partnership that will keep
them alive: assuring their base-line, everyday tactical approaches to a wide variety
of situations are consistent and compatible.
Partners:
More Than Two Cops in a Black-and-White Hooptie
BEYOND TACTICS
T
his time it only resulted
in a 9mm round
smashing into some
cheap drywall, rather
than into a cops head. It
could have been and often
has been far worse, termi-
nally worse. Without their
permission I wont reveal
more detail, but essentially it
came down to the fact part-
ners whod worked together
four nights a week for over
two years had never seriously
discussed much less trained
for handling multiple lethal
threats emerging from different
angles, like, from the front
door of a residence and from
deep within an adjacent open
garage. They both focused
on the same threat, and
assumed the other threat
belonged to their partner.
Later, they confessed they had no
reason, no justification for
assuming so.
Their agency, like many others,
focuses patrol officers training
first on individual skills, then on
large-group skills like crowd and
riot control tactics, and then,
rarely, on small-group skills
used more often by tactical
teams four and
six-officer tech-
niques for hard entries,
stairway and hallway
clearing, etc. Even then one of the
few techniques taught is doorway
entries first and second officer
through the door. Another excep-
tion is training in high-risk
vehicle stops. Those two cover
perhaps five percent of the situa-
tions patrol partners routinely
engage in, leaving a vast chasm to
be filled with dead cops.
A TRIAD OF
PROBLEMS
T
hree factors frequently work
against partner-training con-
sistency: First, in order to
manage staffing, agencies
tend to split partners up for assign-
ment to in-service training, using
relief personnel to fill in vacancies.
Often this is done to assure the pres-
ence of at least one officer on the beat
with area-specific knowledge. This
practice addresses one potential
problem and creates a virtually cer-
tain problem.
Second, agencies commonly
schedule officers for annual in-ser-
STRAIGHT TALK ON SUPERVISION & LEADERSHIP ON THE FRONT LINES THE STREETS.
Jerry Meloche
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 32
vice training by hire date, seniority or
even alphabetically. Often the cur-
riculum, or details within the same
basic curriculum, changes from
quarter to quarter or month to month.
Attend in different quarters, and part-
ners may receive very different or
even conflicting training.
Finally, even in cases where part-
ners are taught from the same material
and the same lesson plan but by
different instructors the injection
of individual style and relative
emphasis may result in significant dis-
parity in understanding by the stu-
dents. As Director of Training in San
Diego, I observed this branding
phenomenon many times, and fought
constantly to assure instructors had
the opportunity to stamp their person-
alities on the style of instruction, but
not on the substance of it. When it
comes to tactics performed by part-
ners, difference equals DEATH.
The Phantom Factor
Overshadowing all of these other
considerations is something I call The
Phantom Factor. Put a pair of partners
through the same training together on
the same day and you may still wind up
with inconsistent application. This
depends on how each ofcer receives,
prioritizes, internalizes and interprets
the instruction offered.
They may come away from
training thinking theyve got the same
lock on what they learned, but be
half-past-dead wrong. Only if they
talk about it in detail, discussing sce-
narios and simulations, will differ-
ences be revealed. Thats something a
supervisor cant count on, because as
soon as the troops are back on the
beat, theyll have a myriad of other
concerns to converse about, and
why should they even question
whether they both got the same
messages from that training?
The Triad Solution
Thats where the sergeant comes
in. Every police partnership is really a
triad, consisting of Officers A & B,
and their sergeant; behind them,
overseeing them, putting the super
and vision together in supervi-
sion. No one else can make the on-
scene observations you can; spot the
errata and missteps in application
which count on it will be there.
The degree to which you do this will
determine whether you spend your
free time with bull ses-
sions or burials.
*
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 33
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 33
CLI NT SMI TH REALITYCHECKI I
COUNSEL, WISDOM, GUIDANCE AND TEACHING.
34 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
M
ost cops get some semblance of range training in
presentation of the handgun from the holster. This is
helpful, as contemporary retention holsters require
practice for even the lowest skill level to be
achieved. This is the point at which you can actually get the
damn thing out and put it away. In your world when you need it
you often really need it and when you are about to have a
handful of turd it needs to go back in smoothly and securely.
THE RANGE
N
ot often enough we train at the range, well actually
qualify to meet the mandated basic standards
designed by someone who often thinks the range is a
place where the buffalo still roam. I digress, sorry
the training, in theory, brings our skill level up and addresses
tactical issues, applications and knowledge gleaned from cur-
rent events and incidents. Our training allows us to address
the issue of drawing the handgun with the strong hand and of
course the opposite hand in case of injury to include dis-
arming all the retention strap lever stuff and of course the
wily re-holster and so on.
The staff explains the subtle points of the draw, like not
covering our hands with the muzzle during the draw stroke
and even more often during the re-holster so as to not
acquire the new nickname of stumpy. They should also
include drawing the handgun from the supine and or prone
position. All of us have been in a physical fight and almost
all fights wind up on the ground. So, if it turns from a
physical fist fight into a gunfight well of course be tuned
up because the staff has had us work on that grounded
drawing technique during qualification. Or is it
training? Get the point?
DRAWING?
I
f you need the gun just draw it. This sounds simple
enough except for the trouble we get into while
just drawing it or just putting it away. Yeah I know;
simple yes except, I can think of a whole
bunch of times cops have shot themselves some
fatally while just drawing or just putting it away.
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 34
The Draw
T
he draw stroke is tied to the belt and door manipu-
lation, as an example: as the opposite hand goes to
the belt the strong hand goes to the handgun and
unsnaps retention straps. The opposite hand moves
the belt to the door while the strong hand draws the pistol
and takes it to a place along side the steering wheel at
three oclock. As the
opposite hand moves to
the door and releases the
belt, the handgun is
moved to twelve oclock
on the steering wheel and
on around to nine oclock.
The door should now be
open and the muzzle of
the handgun moves for-
ward and out of the car.
This technique does not
allow the muzzle to cross
the legs or crotch and
more importantly the
muzzle isnt snagged in the openings of the steering
wheel, fouling the drawing stroke. Probably more impor-
tant, especially if the handgun is brought back into the car
under duress, is to recover the handgun back to the hol-
ster in a reverse sequence, of nine, twelve,
three and re-holster.
*
THE CAR
M
uch of your time is spent in a patrol car. While in
the car, you may have to draw the handgun to
defend yourself or to prepare to defend yourself as
you exit the vehicle.
Heres a non-shooting tip: Make sure you select a transmis-
sion mode that doesnt allow it to run over you while or soon
after you get out of it. Park would be good. I have seen cops
chase their cars down the road. Its pretty funny, especially if
youre not their supervisor. But, if you creamed the whole
front end of your cruiser and your engine is in the trunk now,
you probably wont have to worry about the car rolling away.
THE SEAT BELT
T
he seat belt wont automatically retract if theres
been the least bit of violent action with the
vehicle sometimes even including slamming on
the brakes or an impact. So youll have to move
the belt out of the way. Agood way is to slide your oppo-
site hand between the belt and the front of your body, run
your extended ngers down to the release latch and while
pushing down grasp the belt with your ngers. While
holding it, move it across to the door handle.
THE DOOR
A
note of caution here as with all the stuff on
the cars these days; you may have to pull the
lock button. Your auto door locks are, at
times, less than reliable when your battery is
sitting on the center console due to a collision.
The door can be pushed opened with the support
hand. You probably shouldnt shove it or jab it with the
foot. It may rebound and whack the snot out of you.
Key points regarding the open door are: Dont put
your foot in the V made by the door and the car body
nor should you rest your hands or forearms in the V
made by the door strut and windshield strut. The door could
be struck by passing cars and or the suspect vehicle if driven
back into your cruiser we dont want our stuff crushed in
between the door and car body. The door is concealment but
may provide some degree of cover, mostly determined by
what type of rounds may be inbound from the threat. The
door may stop .38 Special it wont stop .30-06 rounds.
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 35
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 35
I
n addition to the Cover Up, I got one of the most
amazing holster rigs Ive ever seen from Tucker. Its the
HF1 Belt Holster in Black Cherry color with a full swirl
cut stamp and a silver and gold star concho. Not only is it
a work of art, its one on the most functional and well made
belt holsters Ive ever seen. Although I may not have too
many opportunities to wear it on duty, I am already ordering
a plain black version to wear with my uniform when Im not
wearing my duty belt. And you can bet Ill be
wearing this baby to the occasional BBQ.
For More Info: www.tuckergunleather.com
CARRYOPTIONS
R
ecently, I was on the Web searching for holster info and I read a
review, which went on and on about how comfortable the
Tucker Cover Up IWB holster is. After a little checking I
found Tucker Gunleather makes some great gear, but I need to see for
myself, so I called Tuckers shop and talked it over with manager
Rob Longenecker. I got an idea of what I wanted and ordered it
through their online process. There was no question about the
options available and what the costs would be. If I had a question
about options, I just called Rob and he explained the pros and
cons. Even on the simple Cover Up, there are options for
roughout or smoothout, the leather, clip styles, belt widths, left
versus right and gun model. The holster is made to your specs.
T
he Cover Up gets its name from the clip, which attaches
the holster to the waistband/belt on your pants. Its
attached low on the holster so you can tuck your shirt
down between the gun and your waistband, covering up
the gun entirely. It works great and a quick tug of the shirt
*
MARK HANTEN
The Pretty Sister
Have It Your Way
with your off hand exposes the grip for an easy full hand grip
on your gun. Its really quite genius.
I got Tuckers Cover Up for Springeld Armorys new
EMP 9mm 1911 and have been carrying it every day. Its
absolutely outstanding thin enough I can stick it inside the
waistband of any pants and its secure. The height and cant of
the holster are adjustable and it has a very useful sweat shield
protruding up on the inside of the holster putting a piece of
leather between you and your gun keeping it from poking you
let alone preventing sweat from ruining your nish. It can
also help reholstering. The Cover Up has rapidly become my
most worn off duty holster and I already have plans for
more Cover Ups for my additional carry guns.
FROM HOLSTERS TO HAVERSACKS.
I
ve never been a big fan of inside the waistband holsters. Like a good
friend says, Ive got a hard enough time keeping myself inside my
waistband! Be that as it may, I have always wanted to like them; for
concealment theyre a great option. Even a fairly short tee shirt can con-
ceal the butt of a handgun at against your hip or the small of your back.
Ill admit to occasionally sticking my gun inside my waistband without a
holster, but I dont recommend it. There not much there to keep the gun
from falling out of (or into) your pants.
36 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
Hidden Beauty
TUCKER GUNLEATHER
Form, Function And Stealth
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 36
y
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 37
38 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
T
he T1 was designed to incor-
porate positive features of
larger optics in a more com-
pact package. It only weighs
only 4 oz and like their popular
CompM2 it operates on a single 3V
Lithium battery.
Thanks to the use of 21st Century
HARDTOOLS PAUL MARKEL
M
any of us have likely learned to view the world
through cynical glasses. You dont trust anyone,
my lovely wife has told me. I take it as a compli-
ment. When it comes to new, ghee-whiz gadgets
or technologies a lot of cops have the knee-jerk it wont
work reaction and when the subject of red dot or electronic
optics comes up, Ive heard a loud refrain of skepticism.
When I need it, the batteries will be dead or I wont
bet my life on something that uses batteries are two of the
most popular arguments against red dot sights. The other
ESSENTIAL TOOLS FOR THE JOB.
The LaRue Tactical
High Mount, here
on a Vang Comp
Remington 870,
allows for a high
cheek weld and
for co-witnessing
with iron sights
on a at-top AR.
Small, Tough
And Reliable
Straight from the
factory, the T1
mounts to any
Mil-STD 1913 Rail.
big one is, You cant do any-
thing with a dot scope you cant do with iron sights.
I have been using red dot electronic optics from various
manufacturers for several years now. As with any product,
each company has their own twist on the idea. The basic con-
cept behind the red dot optic is to give the shooter a highly
visible aiming/reference point for rapid target acquisition.
Aimpoints
Micro T-1
The
Mystical
RED DOT
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 38
technology, the T1 has a run time
of an amazing 50,000 hours.
You install the battery, find the
dot intensity you like and
leave it there. After four to
five years youll need to install
a fresh battery.
The T1 has 13 settings for
dot intensity; six for use with
night vision and seven for low,
normal and bright light. Zeroing
is accomplished with windage and
elevation knobs. They even had the
foresight to build in an adjustment
tool so you dont need a penny or
dime to turn the knobs.
The T1comes standard with a MIL-
STD 1913 low mount. LaRue Tactical
makes a quick-detach high mount that
works very well allowing for co-wit-
nessing the T1 with the iron sights on
the at-top M4/AR.
Real World Durability
Aimpoints durability is legend
among military personnel. Afriend
related an incident during a rapid
insertion. He was thrown from his
vehicle and ended up on his back with
his CompM2 equipped M4 underneath
him. He hit so hard he initially feared
the carbines barrel might have been
bent. You cant call time out
in the middle of a mis-
sion; he got up, checked
his gear, and drove on
completing the teams
assignment. Not only
did the Aimpoint still
work fine, it didnt even
lose its zero.
Freddie Blish of Aim-
point demonstrates the
T1 by zeroing it,
removing it from the gun
and tossing it across the
room. Gasps are heard
from the audience as the
sight bounces on the
concrete oor. Hell
mount it back on the rie
and show you the unit works and zero
hasnt been lost. Thats tough.
If the worst happened and your bat-
tery did die or the optic quit, you
could still make accurate shots on
target by simply sighting through the
tube. You can also flip up you iron
sights. And, as for relying on some-
thing manmade to save your life; dont
forget the rifle, subgun, or shotgun
your sight is mounted to was
made by the hands of men.
For More Info: www.aimpoint.com,
www.laruetactical.com
h
e
*
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 39
www.americancopmagazine.com
VISIT US ON THE WEB!!
MACOP08sec1 1/22/08 10:34 PM Page 39
40 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
Bob Pilgrim
Photos: Ichiro Nagata
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:36 PM Page 40
2
O
utgunned And Outperformed. The FBI
released its most recent and edifying study
entitled, Violent Encounters: A Study of Felo-
nious Assaults Against our Nations Law
Enforcement Officers. The researchers
selected 40 incidents from over 800 encoun-
ters, interviewed 50 police officer victims
and almost 50 felons who committed felo-
nious assaults against cops. Among many
interesting revelations almost half the felons carried some kind
of backup weapon, practiced with their firearms more often
and enjoyed higher hit ratios than the cops they assaulted. This
very sobering study hopefully will motivate police ofcers to
train more with their duty weapon and carry backups.
Tactical Redundancy
One of the mantras of our beloved Navy Seals is, One is
none and two is one. They practice tactical redundancy when
it comes to personnel firepower and frequently clicks are
quickly followed by a resounding bang when they subcon-
sciously transition to their secondary. For todays professional,
there are a plethora of chopped and channeled revolvers and
pistols usually condensed versions of their full-sized sib-
lings and Springeld Armory has added one more.
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 41
ONE IS
NONE
TWO
IS ONE
ONE IS
NONE
TWO
IS ONE
XD .45 ACP Compact
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:36 PM Page 41
XD .45 ACP Compact
XD .45 ACP Compact
XD .45 ACP Compact
XD .45 ACP Compact XD .45 ACP Compact
XD .45 ACP Compact
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44 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
To compliment its outrageously suc-
cessful, 14round, XD .45 ACP, SA
created the XD big bore compact with
an appreciably reduced profile, but
without a serious reduction in ammo
capacity or barrel length. To completely
avoid the consequences of subsizing
and diminishment of re sustainability,
SA, in addition to the very concealable
10round magazine also includes a full
sized 13-round tube with convenient
pinky rest. With this additional 14
round response capability ala its full
sized siblings, SA calls the Compact,
Two Guns in One.
Bargain Priced Quality
Springfield Armory is an aggres-
sive company courting customers
with products providing more for
t hei r money and t he XD ki t wi t h
padded lockable case, holster, ammu-
nition pouch, loading device, security
lock, Allen wrench and nylon bristle
bore brush are included as standard.
Open box, add ammo, point in safe
direction and make bang lots of
them. On top of all the goodies and
the factorys excellent customer sup-
port you can also opt for four or five
inch barrel lengths.
I ts Grip Length, Stupid
You see Virginia, when it comes to
concealed carry, its the guns grip size
and not barrel length that prints
against the garment. The overall height
of the XDC with 10-round mag is .65"
shorter than the full-sized Tactical
model and the overall size of its
ergonomic grip is one of the smallest
on the market.
While not as small as some backup
pieces in .45 ACP and certainly no
lightweight, the XDC could serve the
larger framed officer in a support role
and would nicely compliment the ve-
inch Tactical. It would also make an
ideal stand alone, heavy hitting, and
concealable sidearm for the detective or
federal agent. Except for its lighter
weight, smaller grip dimensions and
fewer rounds with the standard maga-
zine, the XDC is a smaller version of
its slightly older and larger brethren.
Redundant Safeties
Safety at SA is of primary concern
and the XD series features redundant
safeties. Well known by now is the
pistols Ultra Safety Assurance sear
and striker system originally developed
by guess who gun genius John
Browning. The trigger releases the
striker, but ignition wont occur unless
the prominent grip safety is depressed
by a properly established firing grip.
Four other safety components join in to
make this one of the safest point and
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:36 PM Page 44
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Continued on page 66
shoot handguns on the market. Loaded
chamber and striker status indicators
visually and tactilely reveal the condi-
tion of the gun without conducting a
press check. Similar to the Glock, the
XD borrowed its trigger safety lever.
The fully compressed striker is also
blocked by an internal component not
permitting its release unless the trigger
is depressed and a disconnector prevents
the gun from ring when out of battery.
The grip safety deactivates the discon-
nector and must be gripped firmly to
prevent shooter-induced stoppages.
Superior Ergonomics
Perhaps the XDs most attractive
attribute is its amazing ergonomics. The
XD is a completely new gun and has
been designed from the beginning to
accommodate larger cartridges such as
the 10 mm and 9x23 mm. In most cases,
external dimensions would consequently
increase making the gun less accommo-
dating for smaller stature ofcers. How-
ever, Croation and SAengineers focused
instead on excavating the frames inte-
rior and while internal dimensions have
been increased, the only external change
has been attening its backstrap a skosh,
so its grip is universally adaptable to
almost all adult sized shooters.
Other parts, such as its guide rod,
some slide components and slide rails
are also larger and more substantial than
the smaller caliber XDs including the
.45 GAP. The excellent hammer forged
barrel is fully supported and will handle
the most advanced 11 mm loads, such
as Le Mass 85-grain/2000+ fps armor
defeating and soft tissue destroying
round. This law enforcement/military
only round is capable of turning many
handguns into short-range ries and out
of a four-inch XDC I recorded average
velocities of 2051 fps.
The XDC is good to go right out of
the box, but I wanted to add at least one
custom item to the mix. I afxed a set of
stick on Tac-Grips. These super adhesive
grips are so positive they have found
homes on almost all my handguns. They
positively enhance control, particularly
for those not possessing good grip
strength. As with many New Millennium
handguns, the XDs exhibit frame rails to
accommodate white lights and or lasers.
Combat Competent.
When compared to the military
style two stage trigger of a five-inch
barreled Tactical XD .45 ACP Id eval-
uated previously, the XDCs 6.5 pound
lever displayed quite a bit of creep.
The t ri gger seemed t o have t hree
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 45
E
lite is a word too often assigned these days
devaluing its true meaning. Seems everyone has an
elite team SWAT, Bomb Squad, Parking Con-
trollers, Crossing Guards, Ballerinas you get my
point. But in this case, when I say elite, its meant in
the truest Funk and Wagnalls denition of the word.
BORSTAR recruits its members from over eight
thousand agents of the Border Patrol. All candidates have a
minimum of two years on the job and a fair percentage are
former military.
No Posers
The entrance physical for BORSTAR is something I
havent seen since my days as a Pararescue wannabe. Forty
pushups, 60 situps, seven pull-ups, and a mile and a half run
in under 12 minutes are a candidates welcome. Passing that,
its time for a little swim. The remaining ve weeks of the
course build the candidates ability to perform SAR missions
in what Air Force PJs like to call austere and non-permis-
sive environments. The failure rate for the training is damn
high due to the physical nature of the mission; roughly 70
percent fail the course.
In Tucson, a team of 52 agents patrols the border until
the heads-up comes in for a SAR mission. Then its time to
call in the appropriate assets usually Blackhawk heli-
copters pick up the agents, tracking dogs and go find
some aliens in distress.
Lost In The Wilderness
The good news is while not welcome, these aliens are
usually pretty peaceful when BORSTAR catches up with
Michael Baum
Border
Patrols
Elite Search
And Rescue
Team
B RSTAR
46 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 46
them. For the most part, theyve been
hi ki ng t hrough t he wi l derness of
southern Arizona for more than a few
days and are exhausted. According to
BORSTARs commander, Ron
Bellavia, the coyotes who bring
them across usually promise a quick
jump, hop and a skip into Tucson
rather than the truth of several days in
the scorching desert with little water.
While talking to Ron, he recalls one of
the teams best missions in which a
group of 60 plus aliens called 9-1-1
aft er t hei r coyot e got t hem l ost .
Because the phone was GPS enabled,
BORSTAR agents were onsite within
30 minutes to shepherd the seriously
ill aliens. Seven comatose aliens lived
to see another day, while sadly; one
was too far-gone for help. Considering
the odds, thats pretty good work.
But aliens arent the only folks who
pay the bills for BORSTAR; a little
while back, a military dependent from
Davis-Mothan AFB fell while
spelunking. Local agencies showed up
rst but lacked the equipment to pull him
out from the tight spaces. BORSTAR
was called in to assist and along with
Pararescuemen stationed at Mothan they
nished the job. The cooperation is the
R
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 47
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 47
result of all agencies involved having a
good working relationship.
Not Just A Pretty Face
My SAR units fulltime Sergeant, a
soft spoken and hard working cop, got
BORSTAR to cut loose a few agents
to come teach a basic tracking class
this past fall. BORSTAR loves to
come play with other agencies. They
claim its because they learn some-
thing from us. Right, I think its a
chance to go play somewhere new.
These guys were not only technically
astounding but excellent instructors
who obviously cared deeply about
their subject matter.
Starting with a brief classroom session
to describe the basics of tracking, the
agents took us out in the eld where real
learning takes place. We started small by
examining just a few prints in the dirt and
seeing what we could learn. Patience is
the name of this game along with trying
to get inside the targets head. Where are
they going? What can the tracks tell us
about the individuals involved? The list
of questions goes on and on. As always,
the goal of a good tracker is not to catch
someone but to put other assets in front of
the path of the pursued.
Trackers, especially BORSTAR,
must always keep in mind the possi-
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 49
t he i mpressi on Id been an Army
Ranger. Well, Id never been a Ranger
but the boots I wore were an expen-
si ve Danner model favored by
Rangers st at i oned at Fort Lewi s,
Washington close enough.
Service Oriented
My impression of the agents con-
ducting the class was they codied what
every spec-ops group tries to do but
many fail to accomplish. They were so
good that they were humble, polite,
patient and approachable, revealing
steadfast confidence their abilities and
who they are. This courtesy also extends
to their boss, Ron Bellavia. After training
by his agents, I sent an e-mail to say
thanks. I didnt hear back for months.
Suddenly, I got a very nice response
apologizing for the delay as he was out
of the country way out. Afew months
later while meeting with him in Tucson,
the real story came out hed been in
Iraq for the past four months as an
adviser on border security. His 12 years
in law enforcement and the skills learned
and applied from BORSTAR gave him
the unique opportunity to serve overseas
and pass those skills on to our military.
He was rewarded with mortar and sniper
attacks at every location he visited.
BORSTAR provides a unique SAR
capability to the law enforcement com-
munity. Theyve worked events ranging
from the Olympic Games to Hurricane
Katrina and provided some great
training for other agencies. If you get
the chance, go train with
them. Its a great experience.
*
bility of an ambush and having your
nose in the dirt is a good way to get
caught. While rare, some cocaine
smugglers walk the product into the
country and, to them the money
involved is worth ghting for.
Who Are Those Guys?
So, how good are these guys at
tracking? Everybody is different and
some agents have more of a medical
focus or another specialty BORSTAR
desires. But, by observing my tracks
without anybody on my team telling
the agents who set the tracks, Agent
Hagee and his partners were able to
correctly identify my height, weight,
race, injuries and my military back-
ground. I know some of you are
rolling your eyes at this but listen up:
my boot size gave the range of my
height, the depth of the impression
made by my boots gave my approxi-
mate weight, the shape of my foot
identified my race, the slight blurring
of my left boot print indicated I was
dragging that leg, my curious heels
together and toes out stride gave away
the fact I was taught to march by the
American military, and my boots gave
50 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
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WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 51
I
n part one of this series I discussed the mainstream
media and some of the mistakes they make in
reporting on such tragedies as the one that occurred
at Virginia Tech. Often they make those mistakes
because they are reporting from a base of knowl-
edge thats either incomplete, incorrect or both. At the end of
part one I asked the question, Why wasnt there any
counter-attack? With violence actively being performed
against five classrooms full of teachers and students, how
come no one attempted to attack back?
Counter Attack
Now, I know there are those who scoff at the idea of
counter-attacking empty handed against an armed assailant.
By the same token, as a member of the law enforcement
community, I know Ive been trained on how to defend
myself empty handed against knife attacks, blunt
trauma attacks and even attacks committed with a rearm if
the shooter is within reach. It can be done. Beyond the phys-
ical skills required it takes quite a bit of courage. That some
V
i
r
g
i
n
i
a

T
e
c
h



S
h
o
o
t
i
n
g
s
V
i
r
g
i
n
i
a

T
e
c
h



S
h
o
o
t
i
n
g
s
Frank Borelli
Why Do Students Sit Still?
PART 2
A
ny w
illingness to
com
m
it an act of
violence or physical
aggression even in
the nam
e of justice,
no m
atter how
legally justi
ed, is
com
pletely
unacceptable w
ithin
an educational
institution.
A
ny w
illingness
to
com
m
it an act of
violence or physical
aggression
even in
the nam
e of justice,
no m
atter how
legally justi
ed, is
com
pletely
unacceptable
w
ithin
an educational
institution.
Why Do Students Sit Still?
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 51
52 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
people lack that courage shouldnt be a
surprise to the police community or
even our society as a whole. It is, after
all, what weve been teaching for
decades. Think about it .
In World War II our entire country
got behind the war effort and very few
people complained. If they did, they
werent given much of a public voice.
The Korean War was a little different.
After all, no one had actually attacked
America that time. Vietnam was even
more different and our country saw
became parents in the seventies and
entered (at least some of them) into the
professional work force. Throughout
the seventies, eighties and nineties our
country saw an evolution of educa-
tional and legal policy banning vio-
lence for any reason at all even self-
defense.
1970 through 1982 just happen to be
the years I attended elementary, junior
high school and high school. I clearly
remember the fights I got into in ele-
mentary school. I remember how they
activists speaking out against violence.
Bear in mind, those activists the
peace preaching pacifists werent
only speaking out against the war in
Vietnam but they were preaching the
cause of peace at any cost. The Peace
Movement espoused communication,
compromise and capitulation. In other
words, they believed in not ghting for
what you believe in.
Peaceniks
Those hippies from the sixties
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WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 53
were dealt with. If I started it, I was in
deep trouble. But the person I hit or
pushed who then defended himself got
in no trouble at all. Of course, the
school would prefer for him to tell a
teacher, but if he defended himself,
thats okay. At home, if I started the
fight I was in big trouble. If I was
defending myself though, I was only in
trouble if I lost the ght.
Theres a very important distinction
made there: if I couldnt walk away
from the ght or talk my way out of the
fight my family fully expected me to
ght back hard and fast enough to win.
As I progressed through junior high
school and into high school though that
attitude changed not at home but
in the schools. My own children are
now either in or through their school
years and it strikes me as odd we have
a zero tolerance policy toward vio-
lence. This policy punishes the student
who defends himself against an attack.
In doing so the schools are teaching our
children never to ght back for fear of
punitive retaliation from the school
administration how odd.
Board Of Imbeciles
In 2003 2004 I had the privilege of
serving on the local county Board of
Advisors to the Board of Education. In
that school year the Sheriff had secured
a grant from the Department of Home-
land Security that would have enabled
him to at no cost to the schools
put deputies in the schools as School
Resource Officers. The School Board
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54 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
fought that effort so successfully that
ultimately only one deputy was added
to the SRO program. The School
Boards attitude really surprised me, but
served as an example of the outlook
existing today within our educational
systems: violence any show of force
any willingness to commit an act of
violence or physical aggression even in
the name of justice, no matter how
legally justied, is completely unaccept-
able within an educational institution.
The students at Virginia Tech who
were attacked by Cho had been raised
and educated in just such an environ-
ment for at least twelve years and most
probably closer to fifteen. After more
than a decade of being taught violence
for any reason is completely unaccept-
able why would we ever expect them to
ght back? This outlook in our educa-
tional institutions isnt a unique occur-
rence in our society; nor is this the only
place pacism has bitten us in the butt.
On September 11, 2001 passengers
on three airplanes did exactly what
t hey were condi t i oned t o do for
decades: dont resist be compliant
let the plane get on the ground and
negotiations can begin. We all saw
how well that worked out. On one
plane, heroic citizens fought back and
saved an unknown number of lives.
Those heroes realized they couldnt
just sit and wait. They felt morally
compelled to act. Reality was it was
their only hope to live. That was six
years ago.
Evolution Or Extinction
In 1999 our country watched as the
Columbine attack occurred. The police
W
eve spent
decades
teaching our
children never
to
ght.
W
eve
spent
decades
teaching our
children never
to
ght.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 54
women signing up to work in profes-
sions requiring performance in conict
situations? From ocean to ocean our
country is experiencing a shortage of
police officers and military recruits.
Well, duh. Weve spent decades
teaching our children never to fight.
Why would they then pursue a career
that will require them to do so? We
must start teaching them there are some
things worth fighting for. If we dont,
where will we be when another two
generations have passed?
Think about it.
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 55
response was criticized and we
evolved. The attacks of nine-eleven
caused us to evolve again. Across our
country states are passing laws com-
monly referred to as castle doctrine
which doesnt require retreat on the
part of a victim. Our legislatures are
legally empowering us to once again
ght back against an unlawful attack. If
the bad guy gets hurt or killed doom
on them. They shouldnt have tried to
commit that crime.
I submit to you that this outlook
must flow down through and into our
school systems. I am not encouraging
violence in the schools, but I do believe
we need to change our zero tolerance
policy. We cant spend more than a
decade teaching our kids theyll be
punished for ghting no matter the cir-
cumstances and then expect them to
suddenly learn how to stand their
ground in any conict after they grad-
uate. It just doesnt work that way.
Having now graduated two genera-
tions of children raised in such an edu-
cational systems, why are we surprised
theres a national shortage of men and
*
r
er
r
er
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 55
A
nyone whos done any time in law enforce-
ment knows domestic violence (DV) calls
are some of the most dangerous and frus-
trating responses. Put in nancial
terms, theyre a high-risk
investment on, potentially,
a limited return. Unfor-
tunately, theyre also frequently pre-
cursors to murder, which means as
tough as they are to deal with, the
way you handle them can have
repercussions that dont go away.
What Is I t?
Domestic violence isnt pri-
marily about violence. Its about
control. Violence is one of the
ways the abuser (usually, but not
always, male) keeps the victim
under his sway. While the knee-jerk
reaction to a 200-pound man beating
up his 110-pound wife in front of the
kids is to think he just lost control, thats
rarely the case: anger is a tool, and violence
is one of several calculated options used to control the victim.
Keep this in mind when you arrive on a scene:
although the tendency is to only ask questions about
the beating, look for the bigger picture. For example:
does the victim have a car, phone or a job? Is there
family in the area? Are they allowed to control
their own finances? Does their partner
closely monitor their activities? At trial,
this shows the jury how pervasive the
abuse really is. If your victim is
unwilling to cooperate it also goes a
long way towards explaining why.
For example, one DV case I tried
involved a scrawny little punk who
liked to choke his live-in. She lived
in his trailer with his family, worked
with him, had her paycheck taken by
him, and had no car, no phone and
none of her family nearby. She liter-
ally had no other support system, which
explained why she had endured a series
of attacks before nally reported him.
Another example comes from a parental
abuse case, which I won in spite of the victim
H
O
W

T
O
U
n
d
e
r
s
t
a
n
d
a
n
d

Z
A
P
t
h
e
A
v
e
r
a
g
e
D
V

P
e
r
p
ITS ABOUT
CONTROL
56 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 56
claiming it never happened.
The defendants 75-year-old
mother was partially blind,
had suffered a series of
strokes and heart attacks
and couldnt care for
herself. She was
pushed into the court-
room in a wheelchair,
where she not only
denied the abuse shed
described to the
responding officers,
but also described her bad health and
how she needed the defendant to care
for her. It wasnt hard for the jury to
gure out why she was changing her
story. As an aside, Our Heros cell-
phone started playing Bad to the
Bone, during sentencing, which
impressed the judge about as much
as youd expect hes still in jail.
Abuse Cycle
The most frustrating part of DV
cases is the victim who recants or
refuses to testify. DV follows a cir-
cular pattern in which tensions build
Jeremy D. Clough
T
until theres a violent
episode. Its followed by a
honeymoon period during
which everythings okay.
That leads to another period
of increasing tension and
the cycle repeats. Because
of inherent delays in the
court system, its hard to
get a case to trial before the
victim is back in the hon-
eymoon period with their
abuser Hes the hand-
some man over there.
bursting into tears.
Even if theyre not
happy again, theyre
probably still together.
The average victim
leaves her abuser seven
times before staying
gone or getting killed.
So theyre either happy
and together or scared
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 57
Whether or not the perp will talk to you, his body may tell you
everything you need to know. Make sure to inspectand if
necessary, photograph the hands for things like reddened
knuckles and other offensive wounds.
The phrase rule of thumb, suppos-
edly comes from an English law that
limited a man to beating his wife
with a stick no larger than his thumb.
Obviously, that no longer applies:
domestic violence in any form is
illegal, immoral, and cowardly.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 57
and together; either way, from the
second you respond, expect your then-
cooperative victim if she takes the
witness stand at all will lie about the
story shes telling you. If the victim and
abuser are unmarried, we can use her
written statement from the scene at trial
(you do get written statements, right?).
If theyre married, in many
states, she can invoke her
spousal privilege not to tes-
tify and the US Supreme
Court decision in Crawford
v. Washington will keep her
statements out. If thats the
only evidence you col-
lected, it may very well
kill your case.
Expect The Worst
The best way to over-
come this expect it
from the beginning.
Treat it like a murder
where your victims not
around anymore. Do it
with three things: other
witnesses, other evidence,
and other crimes.
Even when the victim testi-
es truthfully, the jury still has
to believe them and theres no
guarantee. Take the 6'5" biker
who testified he acted in self-
defense after his foot-shorter
wife attacked him. Ludicrous? Nope,
acquitted. Without third-party wit-
nesses, it was a swearing match and the
jury simply didnt believe the victim.
There was an uninvolved, unrelated
witness on the scene, but the officers
never IDd him.
The Moral: If someone else saw the
assault, ID them and get a written
st at ement and cont act i nfo,
i ncl udi ng soci al securi t y
number and date of birth. If
they didnt see anything, do
it anyway. If they make up
something later, you can
always produce their
pri or st at ement t o
show theyre lying.
Al so, t hey may be
needed at trial just to
say they were there
and di dnt see i t .
Thi s i s t he best -
known response to
t he ever-popul ar
defense argument
any witness the State
doesnt call would
have exonerat ed
t he defendant .
Although it may
seem counterintuitive
to call an idunnonuthin wit-
ness, sometimes you use them
just to take that weapon from the
defense arsenal.
You also need to look for other poten-
tial witnesses as well: talk to neighbors,
even if theyre nowhere around when
58 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
Domestic violence isnt primarily about
violence, its about control. The victims
access to things like transportation,
nances, and communication can be
valuable keys to your case.
When the cops roll
up, Dipstick takes
a swing felony
obstruction. Kicks
out the back glass
felony interfer-
ence with govern-
ment property.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 58
you roll up.
Theres a
pretty good
chance they
heard some-
thing. You also
want to know if
its happened
before. Learn if
anyone watched it
happen or saw the
bruises later.
Even though they may
not be willing to talk and
you spend a lot of time trying
to nd them its worth the effort;
youre not responsible for the results,
but you are responsible for giving it
your best shot. And dont forget to inter-
view the perp, huh? He may not talk,
but youll never know if you dont try.
Value Added
Any time you take a case beyond the
realm of mere testimony, youre on
much more solid footing. Since most
DV cases start with a 9-1-1 call, get a
copy of the tape and dispatch logs. If
the call is made during the assault, its a
chilling window into what actually hap-
pened such as the case we had with
a recanting victim. You could hear the
victim and her children screaming in
terror on the 9-1-1 tape as the defen-
dant tried to get at them by repeatedly
ramming their house with his SUV. Its
powerful evidence.
Make sure you have photos of any-
thing relevant, starting with injuries and
weapons. In the case of bruises, take
photos at the scene and then go back a
few days later, when theyve started to
darken. Seize any weapon used. This is
obvious, but its amazing how many
times weapons are left at the scene.
Broken cell phones and holes in walls
are other common ndings: if its part
of a structure, photograph it. If its
smaller, seize it.
Documentary evidence can also
be a windfall. Find out if theres
any legal history between the two:
for example, prior reported DV
incidents (even with no
arrest made); prior or
pending divorce
actions; or previous,
current, or dis-
missed protective
orders. Has the
victim ever gone
to a battered
womans shelter?
The mountain of
paperwork can
make the differ-
ence in otherwise
less than winnable
cases.
More evidence makes
your case stronger and less
ment property. Does he
have a crack pipe, roaches in
the ashtray, a gun involved? Its the
Would you like to supersize that?
approach to law enforcement.
The DA may not follow up with all
of these charges and the jury probably
wont convict on all of them. But if
your guy is a real bad actor, the more
opportunities you present, the more
likely they are to convict on something.
And really, one charge is all it takes,
especially if its a felony.
So if he did it charge it. Im not
saying to overcharge where you dont
have a good-faith basis: make sure its
a legit charge and when in doubt ask
your DA. DV suspects dont give their
victims any mercy and you
shouldnt expect their lawyers to give
you an inch so hit them as hard as
you ethically can.
Doing Whats Right
Sometimes its hard to care about
cases the victims dont care about and
its even harder to get a jury to care.
But working in criminal justice isnt
about doing what other people want
its about doing whats right. Theres
truth to the phrase the first time
theyre a victim, the second time
theyre a volunteer. It doesnt mean
they dont deserve justice and even if
they didnt, our job isnt to only protect
the deserving. Take the bad actors out
of circulation and make them answer
for what theyve done. Speak up for
those who will not or cannot
speak for themselves and treat each DV
call like a murder case
before it becomes one.
Special thanks to Linda Beaver,
Family Violence Intervention Program
Facilitator and Chris Coulter, Ph.D.
likely to go to trial,
but if it has to be
tried, it can force a
reluctant witness to tes-
tify. If you compile a
damning enough case,
either the victim, defendant or
both may feel compelled to take the
stand and explain it. Thats the best part
of the trial bring popcorn.
Best Laid Plans
Still, you can lose cases where the
victim recants or refuses to testify. The
problem usually isnt that the jury
thinks hes innocent; theyre just not
going to step up to the plate for a
victim who wont do it for herself. I
tried a guy for beating his wife. Neigh-
bors ignored the fight until he started
hacking down his front door with an
axe then they called 9-1-1. The wife
test-i-lied in his defense and the jury
gave our hero a pass on the DV, but
convicted him for fighting the
responding officers and kicking the
back glass out of the patrol car. End
result, he went away and justice was
still served.
Supersize Your Case
You get a call on a suspect slapping
his wife around in the yard and hes
drunk. Youve got your DV charge
and a maybe a public drunk. A
neighbor tells him to stop and
Dipstick tells him to mind his
own or take a beatdown.
Now youve got assault
on t he nei ghbor as
well as terroristic
t hreat s. Then, i f
the neighbors kid
is watching in
Georgia hit-
ting someone in
front of a child
is cruelty in the
third. When the
cops roll up, Dip-
stick takes a swing
felony obstruc-
tion. Kicks out the
back gl ass fel ony
interference with govern-
*
People who like to hit girls usually like to
keep them from calling for help, too we
see a lot of broken phones and wires
pulled out of walls. Either seize em for
evidence or photograph em.
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 59
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 59
D
ropped off downtown
they made their way to
the heart of the club dis-
trict. The pair was
familiar with the area and
the movements of the
thousand teens partying in the many
nearby pubs and discos. They them-
selves had spent Saturday nights par-
tying in the same clubs.
The pair of teen terrorists in their
baggy pants and oversized designer
parkas, fit right in. Except that under
their parkas each wore a packed vest
containing kilos of explosive wrapped
with epoxied together nails and steel
nuts filled with rat poison.
The terrorists assumed predeter-
mi ned posi t i ons creat i ng a Ki l l
Zone between them and waited until
the crush of kids in the pedestrian
mall was at its height. BOOM! Two
explosions so simultaneous it sounded
like one.
Ten minutes later the ambulances
and TV crews arrived. Triage and mar-
shaling of ambulances began just out-
side the bomb blast radius. Border
Police fought to move TV cameramen
out of the triage area. BOOM! We
watched the hood of a car fly through
the air in a burst of fiery flames. A
broadcasting TV camera caught the
i mage l i ve from t he scene as t he
explosions concussion hit the cam-
eraman and spun him around. A car
bomb detonated on a side street, 20
yards back from where the terrorist
planners correctly predicted the ambu-
60 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
ITS ONLY A MATTER OF TIME
Their Second
Wave was as
successful as the
initial attack.
TerRoriSt AtTacks

MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:37 PM Page 60
lances would be loading victims. Their
Second Wave was as successful as
the initial attack.
A New Reality
I describe terrorist bombing tactics
from a historical perspective. America
has relatively little experience with
terrorism bombings. We havent taken
the counter-measures thwarting the
types of bombings especially typical
in the earlier stages of a terror cam-
paign. For that reason, in reviewing
bombing tactics, I include all manner
of successful tactics not just those the
terrorists employ today.
The terrorists explosive devices
kill and maim not only with blast, fire
and concussi on, but al so wi t h
shrapnel. Their bombs are deliberately
anti-personnel incorporating a matrix
of epoxied-together nuts, ball bearings
and sheet s of nai l s formi ng a
shrapnel shell around the explosive.
The Kill Zone is extensive. Anyone
within 150 yards is in mortal danger.
As if that was not enough, terrorists
have attempted to incorporate chem-
ical and biological agents in their
bombs. Hepatitis B and HIV/Aids
carrying human bomb delivery sys-
tems have been employed so far
unsuccessfully. Nut shrapnel plugged
with anti-coagulant rat poison was a
probl em. Dont worry about
bio/chem; its the conventional, the
blast, fire, concussion and shrapnel
that will kill you.
The terrorists many methods of
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 61
HOWARD LINETT E
The terrorists
assumed predetermined
positions creating
a Kill Zone between
them and waited
ExploSives
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:38 PM Page 61
62 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
bomb detonation include hi-tech and
wireless. Can you say cellular phone?
When advising law enforcement I
urge departments to purchase the best
cell phone jammer available and
blackout the area of terror attack or
potential attack. Act as if youre being
watched by a terrorist who simply
needs to press the speed-dial on her
telephone to detonate either the con-
cealed explosive garment worn by the
terrorist youve just taken-out or the
secondary bomb 10 yards away from
you or both.
Never forget the explosive gar-
ments worn by bombers also incorpo-
rate multiple, low-tech detonation trig-
gers. The sergeant from a Border
Police anti-terror unit advises, Now-
a-days each exploding garment is
equipped with a detonator for each
hand and each foot.
Explosive garments are constructed
so that a bullet passing through closes
duffel bags are use to conceal larger
explosive devices. These carryalls
get bombs onto or into anywhere the
terrorist is capable of penetrating secu-
rity (virtually nonexistent in the US).
Today bombs are also carried and or
worn and detonated by human delivery
systems the homicide bomber. Alter-
natively a homicide bomber may wear
an exploding vest or belt.
Basic Bombing Tactics
Terrorists bomb locations where
their intelligence reports innocents can
be found in large numbers. Detona-
tions are timed for when the location
is the busiest. The terrorists want to
get the bomb inside the targeted loca-
tion because the force of the blast is
great l y magni fi ed i f cont ai ned,
whether inside a bus, restaurant or
mall. They also use explosives to
destroy buildings and structures.
Terrorists select targets for a combi-
an electric circuit and detonates the
bomb; thats why the Israeli Mantra is
two bullets to the head.
Exploding Objects
So bombs can be transported and
planted, theyre hidden, camouaged
inside objects. In the early stages of a
terror campaign expect explosive
devices to be concealed in common
items. Bombs will be placed on super-
market shelves hidden inside food
packages. Each will kill a few shoppers
and maim an equal number. A childs
electronic game forgotten in the school-
yard will explode when turned on. Sev-
eral schoolchildren will lose limbs and
be blinded. A cell phone, handbag or a
briefcase accidentally left on or under
the table in a packed coffee shop will
explode when moved. All the shops
patrons will be permanently disabled
and disgured if not killed outright.
Book bags, suitcases, backpacks and
Detonations
are tim
ed
for
w
hen the
location
is
the busiest.
Now-a-days
each exploding
garment is
equipped with
a detonator
for each
hand and
each foot.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 62
nation of reasons. The target may have
symbolic signicance like City Hall.
The targets destruction will cause sec-
ondary problems, for instance a major
bridge. Or the resulting death will be
horric and devastating the street in
front of a church, as worshipers leave
on Easter Sunday morning.
Where security is absent or lax ter-
rorists will carry the explosive devices
onto the train, bus or subway or into the
mall, office building or school and
leave it to explode shortly thereafter.
Where security exists a homicide
bomber will carry or wear the bomb
and attempt to get past security. If she
cant, then whoever is near the targets
entrance becomes the alternate target.
Roadside Bombs
Terrorists employ placed charges to
take out passing vehicles. Bombs are
camouflaged as everything from rocks
to abandoned cars. When anything
maneuverable, go anywhere bomb
delivery system.
If the driver of the vehicle bomb is
intending to become a martyr the only
safe target is the target physically out of
reach. His vehicle bomb is literally a
Martyr Guided Missile. Pushing in
between two passenger packed buses
and detonating is an especially popular
and horrically deadly terrorist tactic.
I ts Only A Matter Of Time
So far, with few exceptions, the US
has been spared this nightmare. But just
look at the destruction and chaos caused
by McVey in Oklahoma City. Think if
that became a yearly, monthly, weekly
or daily event. American cops will be
the on the front lines responding to these
incidents or hopefully stopping them
before the terror is unleashed on inno-
cents. Were behind the learning curve
in this area and we better start
catching up most riki-tik.
along the roadside would arouse suspi-
cion, theyll burry the explosive device
in the path of the targeted vehicle.
Lacking a better alternative and having
time on their side, terrorists will dig a
tunnel to the location where they want
to plant their bomb. The attacks carried
out by these tunneling terrorists may
use a thousand or more kilos of explo-
sive, with devastating effect.
Vehicle Bombs
Rather than as a placed charge, I
classify a vehicle used as a bomb
delivery system as a vehicle bomb.
They are employed to attack both sta-
tionary and moving targets. The
vehicles carrying capacity determines
the power of the explosion. Hijack a
tanker-truck loaded with gasoline and
you have an enormous explosive
device. Load Moms SUV with a dozen
full back-deck barbecue size propane
tanks and you have less obtrusive, more
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 63
*
s
ng

Hijack a tanker-
truck loaded with
gasoline and you
have an enormous
explosive device.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 63
TAKE CARE
OF YOUR
OFFICERS
Psychological
Trauma from
Critical
Incidents
Psychological
Trauma from
Critical
Incidents
T
oo often, when we relate stress to the police
profession, we only address the obvious stres-
sors such as shift work, long hours, and frus-
tration with the criminal justice system or
often times our own department. What line
supervisors sometimes fail to recognize is the
incremental stress caused by exposure to crit-
ical incidents such as serious or fatal car
wrecks, graphic trauma of pedestrian versus train, children
involved injuries and death, shootings, stabbings, and sense-
less, unexplained suicides.
The machismo, Rock of Gibraltar, psyche of the Amer-
ican cop isnt made of Kevlar or SprectraShield, nor is it
impervious to the negative impact of critical incidents and
often requires external protections afforded only by their
direct leadership.
A major responsibility of street supervisors is to mini-
mize the exposure of dangers to the officers through their
experience and skills; and this task is often consummated
effectively on a daily basis. However, its equally impor-
tant the same supervisor make every attempt to mitigate
the psychological trauma their officers experience simply
as part of their job description.
PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder can be as debilitating as any
wound or injury experienced in the line of duty and much
more difcult for recovery. The aggregate impact of everyday
experiences in the life of a cop can be devastating if not
addressed as it occurs and disallowed to become baggage.
Loss of attention, poor job performance, physical illness,
malingering, and personal problems can be manifestations of
incremental psychological trauma caused by what once was
considered benign events that is just part of the job description.
The persona of a cop is that of a fearless crime fighter
who protects the public from the social ills and is delivered
from the most dangerous situations unscathed nothing is
further from the truth. Friederich Nietzsche stated, Who-
ever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he
does not become a monster part of that responsibility is
with the street supervisor. Its often said a good police
officer is a reflection of good leadership, however the con-
64 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 64
Robert D. Boyden, Ph.D.
Robert D. Boyden, Ph.D.
verse is also true, that a bad or poor
performi ng offi cer i s al so a by-
product of poor leadership.
Band-Aid Approach
Agencies seem to deal with officer
stress by sending them to additional
training or counseling. Its often done
as a service offered after an employee
has been exposed to episodic stress.
Reactive stress counseling is just that,
reactive and often times is like placing
a band-aid on a severed limb. The
closest and most available resource for
a police ofcer after exposure to a crit-
ical incident is the line supervisor and
its incumbent for that supervisor to
provide immediate attention to alle-
viate the stress created by the incident.
Its equally important the affected
ofcer feel comfortable enough to talk
to the supervisor without prejudice or
fear of stigma.
No, all street level supervisors dont
need to become counselors and thera-
pist. God knows their jobs are tough
enough, however they do need to add
empathy, a shoulder to lean on and an
ear to listen as part of their responsi-
bility to their people. Venting by cops
after a critical incident should be
encouraged and informal debriefings
conducted by the supervisor made to be
policy, even something as informal as a
locker room bull session involving the
entire squad (preferably after the tour
for obvious reasons).
Prepare Your Cops
Pre-incident stress preparation can
also be engaged as part of an everyday
practice to help prepare and buffer of-
cers prior to critical incident exposure.
I worked in a small police department
situated on the outskirts of Philadel-
phia, Pennsylvania, and although the
department was small, we experienced
many of the violent crimes of the city
and numerous critical incidents. Nei-
ther the Chief nor shift supervisors
were trained or emotionally equipped
to provide stress intervention it was
never even offered or considered.
In the later years of my career, the
Count y began a Cri t i cal Inci dent
St ress Management (CISM) t eam
available on a formal basis; however,
most were unaware of its existence or
availability. In order for stress inter-
vention and mitigation to work, it
must be available on a 24-hour basis
and become part of the culture of
policing more importantly, it cant
be viewed as a weakness in the
character of those utilizing the assis-
tance. This is one of the benefits of
an informal assistance system prac-
t i ced by t he shi ft supervi sor, i t
becomes standard operating proce-
dure after critical incidents and all
members take part.
The stigma of defusing stress
through outside assistance can have a
chilling affect on using the service and
must not be tolerated. A study com-
pleted with the Vermont State Police on
utilization of peer support services
revealed the rank and file did not use
these programs was because of the fear
it would be viewed as a weakness in the
troopers and held against them in pro-
motions. Unfortunately, there are
numerous cops who wont seek assis-
tance due to preconceived perception
and the practice of stigma. Peer coun-
seling under informal conditions has a
much better chance for success
allowing the officers to feel comfort-
able talking to other cops they work
directly with and have already devel-
oped a trust.
Informal Action
Counseling and debriefing con-
ducted after critical incidents on an
informal environment using empathy,
shared emotions, and unconditional
regard for those exposed to the incident
can be more effective than counseling
by an anonymous professional who
possesses more credentials than Freud.
Its the reasons Alcoholics Anonymous
is so successful. That isnt to say pro-
fessional counseling is of no value in
stress related conditions concerning law
enforcement issues, however what we
are attempting to achieve is minimizing
the negative effects of stress after indi-
vidual critical incidents and providing a
vent so the psychological trauma
does not build up. Stress-reduction
practices should be part of police
training, culture and conducted on a
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66 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
daily basis. It wont minimize or reduce
the initial impact of a critical incident,
itll just provide the officers a way to
cope with episodic stress, recognize the
stressors and make available a mutual
aid system within the department.
Formal employee assistance pro-
grams (EAP) are valuable tools for
cops dealing with the emotional rigors
of policing. But the stress often over-
looked and disregarded as harmless is
the incremental stress accumulated and
the eventual psychological trauma cre-
ated by exposure. This type of aggre-
gate stress can be mitigated through the
informal debriefing and defusing by
shift supervisors following the incident.
Nothing more than a discussion of feel-
ings and emotions over a cup of coffee
and a friendly reminder we must not
forget, before becoming cops, we were
human beings, with feelings, empa-
thetic sensitivities and emotions.
Often, smaller agencies feel invin-
cible against this type of stressful con-
dition. On the contrary, smaller agen-
cies have closer ties to the community
therefore when a critical incident such
as a suicide or fatal car accident occurs
cops are more likely to be familiar with
the victim and the officers are less
desensitized to trauma because of the
fewer number of events.
Formal Action
Lets not minimize the importance
of formal critical incident stress man-
agement teams and formally trained
counselors. Their purpose is to create
awareness in line supervisors to
stressful conditions created by critical
incidents. They afford an informal
means of dealing with episodic or
incremental stress within squads. Rec-
ognizing each incident involving death
or serious injuries creates accumulative
stress and through informal discussions
and debriengs this can play a signi-
cant role in mitigating it.
For those cynics who feel stress is
just part of the job and ofcers should
just shake it off, realize, according to
The Police Suicide Foundation, cops
kill themselves at a rate six times
greater than the general population and
have a three time greater chance of
having a substance abuse problem. So
as a supervisor, ask yourself this prac-
tical question Would you rather have
a healthy, psychologically fit officer
patrolling with you or a drunken time
bomb carrying a loaded gun with sui-
cidal thoughts?
Do Your Job
Supervisors check their officers
weapons and brief them prior to shift
assignments. Patrol vehicles are kept in
top condition for safety and we make
sure our ofcers are provided with bal-
listic vests. Why not try to minimize
the greatest threat stress. You owe it
to your subordinates, and you owe it to
yourself. Early intervention through
informal chats, and debriengs can go
along way to diminish the negative
impact of stress make it
part of your routine.
*
cops kill themselves at a rate six times greater than
the general population and have a three times greater
chance of having a substance abuse problem.
cops kill themselves at a rate six times greater than
the general population and have a three times greater
chance of having a substance abuse problem.
cops kill themselves at a rate six times greater than
the general population and have a three times greater
chance of having a substance abuse problem.
cops kill themselves at a rate six times greater than
the general population and have a three times greater
chance of having a substance abuse problem.
cops kill themselves at a rate six times greater than
the general population and have a three times greater
chance of having a substance abuse problem.
66 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 66
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 67
thatll melt
your face off,
cuffs, restraining
belt, level III vest
and a di ct i onary. Oh
yeah, and a bad attitude
from the workload.
Back i n my col l ege
daze, I was told there were
three main parts to the Crim-
inal Justice System cops, corrections and probation &
parole lets just call it Community Supervision. What
about after the arrest and prison? What do those 80,000
plus PO folks do and how can they help cops or COs or the
general public with almost 5,000,000 offenders?
I ts All In The Name
POs basically fill a role protecting the community by
supervising those under sentence of the court. Simply put,
probation and parole practice community supervision.
Points To Ponder
Youre a street cop; Joe Schmuklipz is an upper-
level dope dealer you just cant seem to catch in the
act. Hes driving a Beemer quarter ta eight (BMW
745), talking on his cell phone at 2AM at a known
drug corner with known dope dealers. Joey always has
a nice big smile for you especially as hes counting
that huge wad-o-twenties. What can a PO do for you?
Good ol Joe has a curfew (Strike 1), he doesnt have
a drivers license or the POs permission to drive (Strike 2),
Joes not allowed to have a cell phone (Strike 3) and he
isnt allowed to associate with known dope dealers outside of
a treatment setting (oops). He has specific instructions to stay
away from that particular drug corner. Joe is looking poorly.
As a result of your one phone call, Joe can be arrested, returned
to jail or prison. Hell get his approved residence searched along with
the car and any car or place you and the PO can link him to (Lease/Mort-
gage holder, registered owner, etc). Youll also probably get overtime for
appearing in court or the parole hearing. Any dope, guns, etc found by the PO
search and arrest team will be turned over to the police for prosecution on new
criminal charges and Joe wont be allowed bail. Whats not to like?
More Points To Ponder
Youre a Fed (nothing personal). John Skuzwilly is state parolee a
shadowy figure and youd like more background info. Hes also kinda getting
in the way of your super high-tech whiz-bang surveillance of Johns family
owned barber shop AKA Pancakes and Syrup House. In fact, hes down
right giving you seizures endangering that CI you didnt tell me about. I
understand youre a Fed and cant help yourself. How can your friendly
neighborhood PO help out?
First off, you can look over his entire file and get copies of anything
you need. Next, based upon your confidential information, a PO search
and arrest team hits Johns house and car only not the barber shop.
John Maxes out back in prison for having syrup at his house a couple
of grand in cash is confiscated and turned over to the local DA. Bye-bye
Johnny see you when you get back out.
D
isclaimers are an inconvenient neces-
sity these days especially considering
the current gene pool. So here goes:
Im not an expert, authority, college pro-
fessor, celebrity nor a 30-year Lifer, but I
am experienced and Im here to Represent. Im a
Field PO with over 12 years in two different states.
God bless the police reserves, auxiliary
officers and private security folks, but Im a
member of that third half of law enforce-
ment and corrections. Im the little old lady
in tennis shoes with a Glock-19, ASP, spray
68 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
PROBATION
&PAROLE 101
Community
Supervision
Ben Christie
Sequoia Blankenship
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 68
Supervision is a deal, a contract for
conditional freedom on the street. The
convicted individual promises to obey
the conditions of his supervision and
the court agrees not to lock him up or
keep him locked up for his entire sen-
tence. Sometimes, theres a period of
supervision following incarceration or
a probation tail following a parole max
date. Regardless, its all supervision
and the conditions of supervision are
all pretty much the same everywhere.
Conditions
Generally, conditions of supervi-
sion include reporting as directed,
dont change residences without per-
mission, dont leave the supervision
area without permission, no illegal
drugs or alcohol, no firearms or other
weapons and no illegal behavior. Spe-
cial or other conditions can include
just about any good thing like stay
away from victims and drug dealers,
curfews, support dependants, pay
restitution, attend drug/alcohol pro-
grams, submit to urine tests, no drug
paraphernalia just about any condi-
tion the supervision authority or a cre-
ative PO thinks the offender should
have as a condition for freedom.
Important Points
The offender/client/scumbag is
already guilty of a past crime and
until their max date are under sen-
tence of the court. The PO controls
this action-reaction relationship. The
little old lady in tennis shoes can
arrest or search without writ, warrant,
rule or process for suspected viola-
tions of supervision. The sentencing
judge or other supervision authority
(State Probation & Parole Boards, etc)
will make the determination of guilt
and punishment, but the PO is the
gatekeeper. They coordinate and do
the administrative grunt work. Hes
your point-of-contact.
Theres a start date and an end date
for the convicted individual. It can be
just days or the rest of the individuals
natural life, depending upon the sen-
tence. Once the bad guy reaches his
max date with no new criminal acts or
pending court cases, hes off supervi-
sion. The PO no longer has supervi-
sory authority over the individual. Its
over until next time.
Help Wanted
We can help each other a lot. To
say the least, were worth a phone
call. We can provide background info,
go where you cant, arrest when you
cant, keep the bad guy off of your
beat or keep him in jail even if he
makes bail. We can restrict the bad
guys movements and with whom he
associates. But we must avoid being
Back issues are
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FOCUS:
Don Hume Leather p.38
GT-14 Night Vision Monocular p.56
Portable Scanner p.20
Corrections: Bad Tactics
Hard Tools: Illuminators
EVOC: Hydroplaning
PATROL
RIFLES:
Manipulation
Optics
.45 ACP
LIGHTWEIGHT
OPERATOR
Springelds
FOCUS:
Don Hume Leather p.38
GT-14 Night Vision Monocular p.56
Portable Scanner p.20
Corrections: Bad Tactics
Hard Tools: Illuminators
EVOC: Hydroplaning
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1
Continued on page 74
SW
AT
FN's Five-seveN
Macho Mousegun
Urban
Rie:
PART IV
FOCUS:
POLYSHOCK AMMO
FEDERAL FLIGHT
CONTROL BUCK
A FAILURE TO PLAN
Reliability:
REVOLVERS
VS. AUTOS
?
DO WE
REALLY
NEED
CORRECTIONS
ONE NATION
UNDER ARREST
MARCH/APRIL 2006
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FN's Five-seveN
Macho Mousegun
Urban
Rie:
PART IV
FOCUS:
POLYSHOCK AMMO
FEDERAL FLIGHT
CONTROL BUCK
A FAILURE TO PLAN
Reliability:
REVOLVERS
VS. AUTOS
?
DO WE
REALLY
NEED
CORRECTIONS
ONE NATION
UNDER ARREST
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:59 PM Page 69
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 70
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 71
C
O
N
T
A
C
T

U
S

T
O

R
E
C
E
I
V
E

A

F
R
E
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M
U
L
T
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 71
stages before it broke. However, in
spite of its weight savings over steel
the polymer pistol handles even the
stoutest .45 ACP loads and provides
fast repeat shots. This exceptional
degree of control is also attributable to
its recoil absorbing polymer construc-
tion molded into its carefully crafted
frame permitting the shooter to obtain
an extremely elevated grip quite close
to the pistols bore axis. Like its big
brother, the XDC is a natural pointing
pistol. Ejection is very positive and I
fired the XDC from every possible
position, including a two fingered hold
and couldnt get the gun to quit.
Great Magazines, But
The XDCs stainless steel, stag-
gered box and high capacity maga-
zines are among the best of its genre.
Theyre well made of superior compo-
nents, easy to load and when empty
eject cleanly from the pistol. However,
with the magazine fully loaded and
pressing the top round snugly against
the bolts underside, the ambidextrous
magazine releases require a great deal
of effort when attempting to clear the
gun. When the slide is locked to the
rear, pressure i s rel eased and t he
problem doesnt manifest. For many,
when executing the standard manual
of arms of magazine removed, slide
locked & etc. both thumbs and hands
may be required to achieve this first
st ep. A possi bl e, but unat t ract i ve
remedy would be to down load the
magazine by a round or two.
As mentioned, the XDC comes
with a second 13-round magazine
with a rubber pinky rest. While it is
more comfortable to shoot with the
rest in place, be careful when you
execute a speed reload. The first time
I slammed one home the knife edge of
my strong hand was pinched. Many of
us with large or fleshy hands will be
bet t er off removi ng t he rest and
reloading the naked tube. The clean
magazine tube extends approximately
2/3 if an inch from the bottom of the
butt and your pinky can easily grab it.
Conclusions
The XDC woul d be a wel come
addi t i on t o anyones bat t ery of
polymer pistols and is so flexible in its
size and capabilities it could serve
both as powerful back up as well as a
primary sidearm. Its truly a conceal-
able compact and reliable package
with a substantial amount of
stored kinetic energy.
More info: www.springeld-armory.com,
www.tac-grip.com, www.lemasltd.com
72 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
*
XD .45 ACP COMPACT
Continued from page 57
TRAIN FOR LIFE
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 72
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 73
trainers than any other group, they pro-
vide a $25,000 dollar death benet for
LEO Members killed in the line of
duty the list goes on and on.
Opportunistic Politicians
Opportunistic politicians use fallen
officers to drive their liberal agenda,
while real issues get ignored. For
instance our borders are still far too
wide open and that is part of the
increased violence problem.
A recent newspaper headline
screamed, Lawmen under siege along
Mexico border. The article said, Alien
and drug smugglers along the US-
Mexico border have spawned a rise in
violence against ... law-enforcement.
A border patrol veteran said, They
have no hesitancy to attack the agents
on the line . . . . Assaults against
Border Patrol agents have more than
doubled over the past two years.
With all this as a backdrop, the
Democrat s expert on cri me,
United States Senator Joe Biden
who US News & Worl d Report
called, the Democrats chief anti-
crime specialist on Capitol Hill (my
sides still hurt from laughing over
that one) gives his take on the
crime problem. First, admitting that
Congress has fai l ed t o prot ect
American families and American
communities from crime. He says:
We need to recommit ourselves to
t he bal anced, comprehensi ve
approach to fighting crime....
Double And Triple Talk
What do these politicians mean
when they use words like: balanced
and comprehensive? Biden explains,
prevention and treatment programs. He
also supports tough, but fair criminal
laws. (We cant have any laws crimi-
nals, especially cop killers, might not
think are fair.) If that isnt enough,
Biden declares Congress needs to
make sure our prisons provide
offenders with the skills and resources
to Reenter Our Communities!
When these folks come seeking your
vote this fall, remember where they
place their emphasis not more
prisons, not tougher laws with longer
prison time for offenders, not the Death
Penalty, not securing our borders,
nothing new, real, or meaningful.
America doesnt need more poli-
t i cs as usual . The memory of
Americas fallen officers (and those
many thousands more attacked every
year, but survive) demand we go past
political rhetoric and really get tough
with criminals and secure
our borders. *
LEAA
Continued from page 16
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 73
stalking horses to get around prob-
able cause and normal procedures to
convict bad guys.
What Cops Do What POs Do
Cops usually deal with suspects
POs deal with convicted felons. Suspects
arent guilty yet an offender is already
guilty and under supervision. Cops need
probable cause POs, at most, need
reasonable suspicion. An offender has
given up some of his administrative legal
rights for the privilege of supervision.
Cops need search warrants POs dont.
We have the power to search without a
warrant as long as reasonable suspicion
exists. The offender has already con-
sented to such searches and not to ght
extradition among other fun things or
he goes to or stays incarcerated.
A cop needs beyond a reasonable
doubt through criminal law in a court
a PO deals with administrative law
so the burden of proof is far reduced.
Look at it this way, a cop has to pull and
dead lift 90 to 95 lbs to prove guilt
all the PO has to do is bench press 51
lbs with a couple of spotters. Who
are the spotters? None other than con-
senting felons who have given up some
legal rights to get probation or parole
and the administrative procedures, laws
and case law lowering the burden of
proof. Remember, the accused is
already guilty of the crime placing him
under supervision.
Sadly, I get a lot more phone calls
from angry, pay back seeking ex-girl
friends God bless them than I do
cops or feds or COs. But every time, its
worth the call. Dont get me wrong; I
get tipped by cops, feds and COs from
time to time and I have no doubt
theyve helped save my life. Also, a bad
guy can have two or more POs at dif-
ferent levels County, State and Fed-
eral or different locations. Hopefully the
POs know about each other and share
info among themselves.
Yeah right hopefully.
74 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
PROBATION & PAROLE 101
Continued from page 69
*
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 74
According to Christopher Mumola,
Policy Analyst for the US Bureau of
Justice Statistics, Almost every state
prisoner has been through a period of
jail connement. The public, media
and elected ofcials need to be made
cognizant of this fact and the above
gures. Our county jails are the rst
stop for many inmates wholl nd
themselves incarcerated for a majority
of their lives. In the state and federal
system many of the inmates have been
in the system before.
First 100 Hours
The inmates survival learning
curve behind the walls is much further
along than their county counterparts,
who in many instances are getting
their first taste of confinement. That
adds to an already very dangerous sit-
uation for the staff and the inmates. In
prison an inmate often has between 24
and 72 hours to establish themselves
as either predator or prey, (we dont
like it either, but thats the way it is.)
What they do, who they chose to asso-
ciate with, and how they interact with
other inmates and staff in those first
100 hours or so can make a major dif-
ference in how their incarceration
turns out and in turn effects the safety
of the environment.
Ive always had the greatest respect
for anyone willing to put on that badge,
put their lives on the line in the name of
public safety and work behind the walls.
Whether its juvenile, local, county,
state or federal its dangerous and dif-
cult. But my hat goes off to the men and
women working in our country systems.
They do an amazing job. The next time
you drive by a county lock-up, dont
think for a minute theyre less violent,
with less dangerous inmates they
arent. The men and women who work
behind those walls deserve
of the highest praise.
CORRECTIONS
Continued from page 18
*
In prison an
inmate often has
between 24 and 72
hours to establish
themselves as
either predator or
prey, (we dont like
it either, but thats
the way it is.)
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 75
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 75
REMINGTON
HANDGUARDS
The Mako Group
The Remington 870 Handguards with Rails provide a rigid,
ultra-light Picatinny system for mounting virtually any
accessory. The lower rail enables foregrip, flashlight or
laser mounting. Two side rails for mounting flashlight or
laser sights are available as well. The Handguards are
made from reinforced plastic composite to MIL-STD 1913.
The Handguards install with no gunsmithing and include a
lifetime warranty. For more information, go to
www.makosecurity.com.
G3 LED
SureFire
The G3 LED is a longer-running LED version of SureFires
popular G3 Nitrolon. It features a virtually indestructible
light emitting diode no filament to burn out or break
that produces four times the light of typical two D cell
flashlight. Designed with the needs of law enforcement in
mind, the G3 LED produces tactical-level lighting (enough
to temporarily overwhelm an aggressors night-adapted
vision) for nearly six hours and useful light levels
for over nine hours on a single set of lithium batteries. To
find out more, visit www.surefire.com.
AR15/M16 ARMORERS WRENCH
Guntec USA
This wrench com-
bines many of the
functions necessary
for anyone building or
repairing an AR-15. At one end, it attaches either multi-point or peg style barrel nuts on barrels up to 1" in diameter, and
a torque wrench can fitted into the 1/2" square slot opening. Also works well with installing free-floating handguards. The
other end fits CAR/M-4 stock locking nuts, and a large flat head screwdriver blade is also included for use on full-
size A2 buttstock screws. The two other slots on the wrench fit A1 and A2 birdcage flash hiders and receiver exten-
sions. Call Guntec at (480) 518-5359 or visit them on the Web at www.tacticalaccessories.com.
CHEST RIG
5.11 Tactical
Designed by Kyle Lamb, the Chest Rig serves as a plat-
form for magazines, radios and other pouches. The inside
features a quick-access compartment for maps or docu-
mentation and its made of reinforced nylon mesh. The
Chest Rig adjusts to fit all body sizes and is available in
black and flat dark earth. To see the rig, and the rest of
the 5.11 Tactical Nylon line, go to www.511tactical.com.
PADDLE
HOLSTER
DeSantis Holster &
Gunleather
DeSantis announces its
new Kydex sheet
paddle holster, style
D94 DS Paddle Holster.
This model is made
entirely of KYDEX sheet
and is an exceptionally
light and compact holster.
Minimal friction between
gun and holster results in a
smooth draw. The paddle is
adjustable for forward to rear-
ward cant and dual tension device
and precise molding give this holster a perfect fit. The
D94 is currently available for the Glock 17, 19, 22 and
23 in both right and left hand. Others will soon follow;
MSRP is $40.00. Go to www.desantisholsters.com to
check them out.
76 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
MOBILE
COMPUTER
Xplore Technologies
The iX104C3 Tablet PC features a
fingerprint reader, user acces-
sible hard drive and PC card bay
to help protect data security. The
iX104C3 is RoHS compliant, Blue-
tooth compatible, and includes GPS
wireless options. All Xplore products
feature magnesium alloy housings,
shock mounted hard drives,
enhanced XGA displays, Intel proces-
sors and onboard ports for expansion.
For more details visit www.xploretech.com.
40MM BARRICADE
ALS Technologies
A family of
40mm car-
tridges
designed to
fire a non-
pyrotechnic
55-gram,
two-part
spin-stabi-
lized projec-
tile filled with OC or CS (powder or liquid). This round permits
the non-pyrotechnic introduction of chemical into areas without
the potential fire hazards of other types of munitions. The pro-
jectile is designed to be fired through dry wall, hollow-core
doors, solid-core doors or glass. This round is not to be fired at
individuals. Check them out at www.alstechnologies.com.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 76
For more information on seeing your product featured in Spotlight, contact Delano Amaguin (888) 732-6461.
SPOTLIGHT
SAFETY FURNITURE
Crown Gym Mats, Inc.
With safety in training in mind, Crown Gym
Mats, Inc. has created a unique product line of
commonly found household and office items
made of solid foam and covered in bacteria, fire
and mildew resistant PCN. During tactical
training exercises, these products simulate
actual conditions, without the fear of injury or
damage. Larger items can be disassembled for
storage, and heavy-duty hook and loop fas-
teners hold them together for use. Check out
the entire line at www.cgmlawenf.com.
WINGLUX LIGHTBAR
Rontan North America
The aerodynamic WingLux is the newest roof-mounted
lightbar from Rontan North America. The innovative
design of the WingLux enables full 360-degree visibility
and modern styling. Thanks to the swept-back design, at
least three light heads are visible at any given time,
even from the sides. The lights are high-intensity LED
and 100 percent digital as well as modular allowing for
quick and easy changes and upgrades. Log on to
www.rontan.com to find out more.
EVOLUTION BODY ARMOR
Armor Express
Evolution body
armor carrier fea-
tures a lightweight
microfiber outer
shell and anti-
microbial lining to
wick away mois-
ture and prevent
odor. Other fea-
tures include
shoulder epaulets,
double front plate
pockets to hold
5x8 and 7x10
inserts, eight
adjustment points,
4 wide removable
elastic straps with
Velcro closures, interior suspension system for ballistic
pads, tapered lower front corners and zippered bottom
closures. The carriers are available for men or women,
and come in black, navy, tan, brown, white and light
blue. To find out more, log on to
www.armorexpress.com.
ALUMINUM
GRIPS
Gun Grips & Hogue
GunGrips.net has a new
line of Aluminum Grips
specifically for the
Beretta 92FS. The grips
are machined by
Hogue from T6 alu-
minum, then bead
blasted and
anodized. Theyre
available in clear and
black and can be customized with laser-etched artwork,
including military logos, police badges, monograms or
even an image you send in. Visit www.GunGrips.net to
find out how you can get a set for your Beretta.
ULTRABOXES
UK International
For over 35 years, Underwater Kinetics has manufactured
safety approved flashlights and rugged, waterproof equip-
ment cases. In addition to the existing line of Dry Boxes,
UltraCases and LoadoutCases, UK has released a new line
of smaller waterproof, impact resistant UltraBoxes this
year. UltraBoxes come in a variety of sizes and colors, per-
fect for protecting sensitive products, such as handguns,
ammunition, 2 way radios, cell phones, monitoring
devicesit can even be used to protect your lunch from the
environment! Made in USA. For more information about
UK s line of products, go to www.underwaterkinetics.com.
AR-10(T)
ArmaLite, Inc.
ArmaLite introduces the AR-10(T) in .338 Federal. The AR-10(T)
features include 22 stainless barrel with 1:10 right-hand twist
and target crown, free float ArmaLite Target handguard, gas
block with Picatinny rail, forged upper receiver with Picatinny rail and a
two-stage National Match trigger. The AR-10(T) is being revealed at SHOT Show 2008, to find out more about it,
check out www.armalite.com.
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 77
CG-LOCK
Lap Belt Cinch, Inc.
Its an add-on to your vehicle seatbelt that offers
enhanced seatbelt comfort, control and stability. The
CGLock offers racing-harness control for the driver, injury
reduction in forward and lateral impacts and rollovers,
greater stability for booster seats and improved suspect
transport. The CG stands for Center of Gravity. This is a
tool that clamps onto the tongue portion of the seatbelt
allowing you to tighten the belt more firmly, while still
allowing full range of upper body motion. Words cant
describe it, go to www.cg-lock.com to view installation and
information videos.
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:39 PM Page 77
*
78 AMERI CAN COP J ULY/AUGUST 2006 78 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
THIS PACKAGE!
WIN!
WIN!
c
ombining white light and a laser into a
rugged hands-free tactical light
system. Use the white light to identify
the threats and the laser to control them.
This durable solid-state LED light has a
10,000 hour lifetime with no fragile filament
to break. It provides 50 percent longer bat-
tery life than competitors. A low battery indi-
cator ensures you wont be left in the dark. It
has the brightest laser allowed by Federal
law. LaserMax lasers pulsate for fast target
acquisition and are user-adjustable for
windage and elevation.
The LMS 1202 is constructed of hard coat
anodized Mil-spec aluminum practically guar-
anteeing its a long and useful life in your
squad cars shotgun mount. This LMS-1202
Combo includes a momentary activation
switch for easy on and off operation when
stealth is a must.
Length: 4.38"
Width: 2.79"
Height: 2.02"
Weight: 13.4 oz. with batteries
Batteries: 2 CR 123 lithium batteries
Solid State LED White Light: 60 Lumen
I ncluded is the LaserMax
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:40 PM Page 78
Photo: Dave Douglas
TO ENTER CONTEST: Use a postcard (no envelopes, please) and
follow the sample shown. Send to AMERICAN COP Dept. X3, P.O.
Box 501930, San Diego, CA 92150-1930. Entries must be received
before March 1, 2008.
Limit 1 entry per household. This contest is open to individuals who
are residents of the United States and its territories only. Agents
and employees of Publishers Development Corporation and their
families are excluded from entering. Contest void where prohibited
or restricted by law. Winners must meet all local laws and regula-
tions. Taxes and compliance with rearms regulations will be the
responsibility of the winners. Winners will be notied by CERTIFIED
MAIL on ofcial letterhead. No purchase necessary to enter.
Sample
COP MAR/APR 2008:
Name ___________________________________
Address _____________ City, State, Zip____________
Email Address _______________________
If I win, please ship my prize through:
Dealer ___________________________________
Address _____________ City, State, Zip____________
Phone ( ) ____ - ________ Store hours __ am __ pm
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 79
M
ossberg is considered to be one of the most
innovative rearms manufacturers in US
History. Founded in 1919, O.F. Mossberg &
Sons is the oldest family-owned rearms manufac-
turer in the USA. Theyre known to have pioneered
many product features, which are now the standards
by which others are judged. Theyre also the rst
long-gun manufacturer to receive the demanding ISO
9001 Certication.
Mossbergs new 930SPX is evidence of their long-
term relationship with the LE community. Theyve
brought to the table an affordable autoloader that
meets the demands of cops. Ultra-reliability is para-
mount in our world and the 930SPX gives us just that.
The 930SPX gives us features before only avail-
able on custom tactical shotguns. The Picatinny
receiver mounted rail holds a standard issue LPA
rear ghost ring sight. And, in concert with the M16
style fiber-optic front sight makes for rapid target
acquisition and quick follow-ups. Remove the rear
sight and just about any red dot optic mounts easily
enhancing the users ability to reach out and touch a
bad guy with monotonous consistency.
The 930SPX comes standard with a 7+1 Choate
magazine extension providing the high capacity we
need if we start having a really bad day. But watch out,
you can deplete that extra ammo pretty quickly with the
gas operated action. The gun is very fast and with the
reliability it offers, its just what we need for our job.
Gauge: 12 Gauge
Chamber: 3"
Choke: Cylinder Bore
Barrel Length: 18.5"
Capasity: 7+1
Length of Pull: 14"
Overall Length: 39"
Weight: 7.5 Lbs.
Finish: Matte Black
Stock: Black Synthetic
Picatinny Rail Top Receiver Mount
Removeable LPA Ghost Ring Rear Sight
M-16 Style LPA Front Sight
Choate Mag Extention
Ambidextrous Thumb Safety
LaserMax LMS-1202 Combo
MOSSBERG
930SPX AUTO
LOADING
SHOTGUN
MOSSBERG
930SPX AUTO
LOADING
SHOTGUN
x LMS-1202
Laser Wavelength: 635nm
Power Output: 5mW
Laser Axis: 1" of bore
Laser Operating Temp: 10-120 degrees
Dot Size 7 yds: 5/16"
Dot Size 25 yds: 3/4"
Warranty: 3 years
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:40 PM Page 79
Action Target 71
Action Target Academy 72
Al Mar Knives 21
ALS Technologies 27
ArmaLite 12
ASP 71,73,75
Benchmade 11
Blackhawk 23
Brownells 72
CCF Raceframes 39
CopQuest 71
Cylinder & Slide 72
DeSantis Holsters 39
DPMS 75
Elite Sports Express 33
First Light 11,21
Glock 14
GunVault/Cannon Safe 27
Hatch 33
Insight Technology 69
Kahr Arms 73
Kimber 7,15,19,84
LA Police Gear 2
Mec-Gar USA 74
Meprolight 13
New Mexico State Police 31
OfcerStore.com 8
Pearce Grip, Inc. 13
Safariland 6
Smith & Wesson 3
Springeld 83
Streamlight 25
Sturm, Ruger & Co. 17
Sure Set Holster 21
SureFire 9
TOPS KNIVES 74
Trijicon 10
Wilson Combat 29
Winchester Ammunition 7
XS Sights 75
80 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
ACCESSORIES
Classified ads $2.00 per-word per insertion. ($1.50 per-word per insertion for 3 or more) including name, address and phone number (20 word minimum). Min-
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will appear in the following issue. Please type or print clearly. PLEASE NOTE*** NO PROOFS WILL BE FURNISHED. Include name, address, post office, city, state and
zip code as counted words. Abbreviations count as one word each. Mail to AMERICAN COP CLASSIFIEDS, 12345 World Trade Drive, San Diego, California 92128. NOTE:
WE NOW HAVE DISPLAY CLASSIFIED ADS IN BOTH GUNS MAGAZINE AND AMERICAN HANDGUNNER. ASK FOR OUR NEW RATE CARD, Or call (858) 605-0235.
AMERICAN COP
BADGES
COLLECTORS
EMBLEMS & INSIGNIA
MISC
Streamlight Weapon-Mount & Tactical Lights Your
source for Streamlight Flashlights, including the TLR-
1 and TLR-2 and tactical lights. Call or visit us online!
www.streamlightdistributor.com - 1-800-999-1358
Free M-4 Ries (with trade)Trade in your old
machine guns, one old AC556 = 2 M-4's (NIB), one
old MP5 = 3 M-4's(NIB), one old M16A1 = 4 M-4
(NIB), one old Thompson = 6 M-4's (NIB).All
machine guns wanted for trade, any condition,
must be ATF registered before May 1986. Will
trade for other items such as tasers, body armour,
ect. For reference & info call or email Bob Bowman
for more info at 352-235-2095 or
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The companies listed have featured
advertisements in this issue. Look to them
rst when you are ready to make a purchase.
INDEX
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MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:40 PM Page 80
I NSI DERRUMINATIONS Continued from page 82
illegal alien bias?
I want to hear about what Homeland Security is doing
about preventing another attack or the invasion of
America from Mexico. I want to hear about the schools
constructed by our military in Iraq, the level of success
were having standing up their police force and reduc-
tion of violence.
You Cant Handle The Truth
And, why doesnt the mainstream media ever show
real photos and video of the September 11, 2001 attack
on the World Trade Center? Perhaps the public (us) cant
be trusted to process information containing images of
people plummeting to their deaths. Lord knows they
dont want the unwashed masses to become cognizant of
the fact were still at risk; we might actually force our
lawmakers into doing something about it or, worse yet, we
might get angry at the misunderstood and much maligned
Fanatical Islamic Terrorists.
I dont give a rats ass about Hilary showing too much
cleavage, if Mitt had pre-marital sex or whom Rudy was
boinking while still married to wife #1, #2 or #3. Lindsay,
Britney, K-Fed, Hilarys boobs, Rudys dalliances and
Mitts lack thereof is Toro Caca and simply a diversion
from what is truly important. The really scary thing is there
are people out there who are entranced by this crap and a
lot of them can vote. If thats not Toro Caca, Im at a loss to
understand what is.
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Al Mar Knives
Al Mar created Specialty Cutlery in 1979
with the introduction of unique designs, produced
at quality levels rivaling custom, hand-made
blades. They use the nest steels, scale materials
and heat treatment available. And, their knives
are hand assembled, finished and sharpened by
craftsmen dedicated to creating the very best
knives you can buy.
Their Back Up Model 1 (Lower) and Model 2
(Upper), designed by ABS Mastersmith Kirk
Rexroat, are smaller lighter xed blades designed
for all-day carry. They offer you exactly what
their name tells you backup for whatever your
day may bring. Blades on both are AUS-8 stain-
less steel at 57-59 Rockwell hardness rating and
scales are black Micarta. Each includes a leather
sheath.
For More Info: www. almarknives.com
DeSantis Nemisis
During the summer I always carry my J frame with me
usually in my pocket. Most of the holsters I tried
stuck to the gun like glue when drawn. The last thing I
want some snotbag to wonder is, Why is my meal-
ticket/victim pointing a black bag at me? I want him to
wonder, What is that explos. Finding a pocket holster
capable of breaking-up the outline of the gun and staying in
my pocket during the draw was, at the very least, frustrating.
The Nemesis from DeSantis solved my dilemma. The
ambidextrous design is lightweight and sticky as pine tar on the
outside. You actually have to work to get the empty holster out of
your pocket. Once in place the holster and gun are kept solidly in
the same position until you need it.
The inside of the holster is the Ying to the sticky outside
Yang. Its silky smooth for a no hassle draw. Thats the way its
suppose to be and for about $20 you cant go
wrong with this one.
For more info: www.desantisholster.com
Toro Caca (cont...)
*
A COMPLETELY SUBJECTIVE LOOK AT THINGS I LIKE
WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM 81
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:40 PM Page 81
82 WWW.AMERI CANCOPMAGAZI NE.COM MARCH/APRI L 2008
DAVE DOUGLAS
I NSI DERRUMINATIONS Continues on page 81
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I
am so worried about Lindsay
Lohan and her troubles. I
stay up nights just trying to
come up with some solution to
help her dear poor troubled soul.
And, I dont know about you, but
Im really grateful to that judge who
recognized the simple truth that K-
Fed is by far and away a better
parent and role model to those chil-
dren than Britney could ever be. As
someone put it, Shes the High
Priestess of Trailer Park Trash and
should have never been permitted to
procreate. Thats another one that kept
me up nights.
Then theres Paris, well need I say
more? Seeing her perp-walked into the
big-house just demonstrated no matter
who you are or how much money you
have, justice is blind and will always pre-
vail. The round-the-clock coverage
Toro Caca
was riveting. It just made you feel
empowered didnt it?
They Dont Get I t
When is the media going to get it
that we dont care about the drivel
they are feeding us. I want to hear
about whats happening with Ramos
and Compean. Where do we stand
on their pardon or better yet, new
trial in a venue not poisoned by pro-
INSIDER
RUMINATIONS
T
his may not be news to you but I just heard about
it. The Los Angeles Police Commission has pro-
posed scrutinizing the financial records of cops
involved in gang and drug investigations. After a
two-year grace period cops will have to disclose
nances, debts, stocks and real estate holdings.
Now Ive never been a big supporter of labor unions
but this is precisely the
reason we need them. And in
this case LAPDs officers
association is vehemently
opposed to the plan.
The scrutiny is one of the
points in a federal consent
decree attempting to reform
LAPD after the Rampart
scandal of the 90s. While many
federal agencies make this a
requirement for their agents, I
cant think of any municipal
departments or SOs with the
requirement, neither can
LAPDs ofcer association.
As far as Im concerned,
its none of their business
and we need to support the
idea cops have rights too. One of them is the 4th
Amendment and protection from a nosey government.
Were randomly piss tested for drugs and tested when
were involved in a shooting or vehicle accident. We
take polygraph exams and are held to a higher standard
of conduct. Thats enough.
Allowing another level of examination is allowing the
camels nose to get that much further under the tent. Pretty
soon were going to have the whole camel sitting right
there in our lap watching reruns of the ATeam with us.
A quote, arguable attributed to Benjamin Franklin
states, Those who would give up Essential Liberty to
purchase temporary safety deserve neither Liberty nor
Safety. If cops as a group
give up rights protecting us
from undue search just so we
can have the honor and priv-
ilege of working gangs and
dope well soon be without
rights altogether.
If Not Us Who?
If we band together and tell
them no more of this invasion
of privacy will be tolerated
whom else will they get to be
gang and dope cops? I dont
know, maybe the Sierra Club,
ACLU, Green Peace or
MoveOn.org can help out. Or
maybe the moron assistant to
the assistant to the assistant
US Attorney who came up with the consent decree lan-
guage might want to strap on a ballistic vest, thigh rig and
rubber gloves to do the job.
I know this is starting to sound too much like a rant
from the Toro Caca section. Ill take a deep cleansing
breath and force myself to remember its LA.
A NOSEY GOVERNMENT
MACOP08sec2 1/22/08 10:40 PM Page 82
MACOP08covers 1/23/08 1:13 AM Page c3
Ior oomp|ete nformaton on Kmber
rearms, aooessores and dea|er
|ooatons, p|ease send $2 to:
Kmber, Uept. 995,
0ne Lawton 5treet, Yonkers, NY 10705
oa|| (800) 880-2418
or vst www.kmberameroa.oom
The Custom Covert II .45 ACP has both night sights
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Custom Shop

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pistols are all business. Each features a lightweight frame machined from a
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Covert frames wear Desert Tan KimPro II

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2007 Kimber Mfg., Inc. All rights reser ved. Kimber names, logos and other trademarks may not be used without permission.
Names of other companies, products and ser vices may be the proper ty of their respective owner s. Kimber f irearms are
shipped with an instructional manual and California-approved cable lock. Copy of instruction manual available by request.
MACOP08covers 1/23/08 1:13 AM Page c4