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Well test exercises.

Dr Jamshidi.
Arash Nasiri Savadkouhi/92250744
An 8856 ft deep oil well completed with a 7.675 inch ID production casing. The well is scheduled for drawdown
test with the following data:
B=1.2 bbl/STB, =0.8 cp, rw=0.2 ft, =0.11, h=116 ft, Co=
o=50 lbm/ft3, Ct =6
If this well is placed under a single phase, single rate (q=400 STB/D) production through the casing and the
following data recorded test:
Time(hr)
0
0.1
0.15
0.2
1.94
2.79
4.01
4.82
5.78
6.94
8.32
9.99
14.4
17.3
20.7
24.9
29.8
35.8
43
51.5
61.8
74.2
89.1
107
128
154
185
222
266
319
383
460

Pwf(psi)
4412
4212
4117
4012
3699
3653
3636
3616
3607
3600
3593
3586
3573
3567
3561
3555
3549
3544
3537
3532
3526
3521
3515
3509
3503
3497
3490
3481
3472
3460
3446
3429

=
200
295
400
713
759
776
796
805
812
819
826
839
845
851
857
863
868
875
880
886
891
897
903
909
915
922
931
940
952
966
983

a) Classify flow history into four periods (if there is!)


b) Calculate wellbore storage coefficient and its dimensionless value.
c) Determine the formation permeability, skin factor, apparent
wellbore radius and reservoir flow efficiency.
d) Estimate the pore volume of the reservoir
Solution:
Steps:
1. Plot log() log(), log-log paper.
2. Plot log() , semi-log paper
3. Plot in Cartesian coordinate
4. From log-log paper, find the line with tangent 1 cycle per cycle.
5. Seek lines with tangent of and cycle per cycle in log-log paper.
6. We calculate C and CD.
7. If we found #5 we seek for start of transient flow after the last point
located on those lines. If not, after finding we go 1.5 cycle forward
and after that time in the semi-log paper seeking the MTR line.
8. In semi-log paper by finding the MTR line we notify the start and
end of transient flow time. With the slope and P1hr of the line we
calculate k, s, rw.
9. By using plot of Pwf vs t we gain the pore volume of the reservoir.

If we consider the shape of the reservoir as a circle then:


. . . 2
=
. 00264
. . . 2
=
. 00264
Other equations:
.

= 948 .. .

162.6
. (log

162.6
, =

0.234
= . ,

+ 2 3.23 + 0.8694)

Ei solution is only valid in MTR period.

1.151 (

...2 + 3.23),

= ,

..
24.

0.8936.

= .. .2

Results:
In ETR region:
twbs=6.94 hr,

C=0.0107,

In MTR region:

CD=2967.43 /we also have a fracture near well. Fracture length= rstart-rend=119.6 ft

m=-76 psi/cycle; => k=7.08 mD


1 = 3667
T1=6.94 hr, T2=222 hr => r1=313 ft, r2=1772 ft,

hence a substantial amount of formation


has been sampled; thus I can be more
confident that that the permeability is
representative.

S=5.23
rwa=0.053 ft,
LTR Region:
Plots:
Log-log

MTR region: Pwf vs t

m=

= 0.869 = 345.4

=-0.2194 psi/hr

990345.4
990

=> = 85.32 106 3

= 0.64

LTR region:

Cartesian coordination Pwf vs t

Problem 2 - Following Table shows the pressure buildup data from an oil well with an estimated drainage
radius of 2640 ft. Before shut-in, the well had produced at a stabilized rate of 4900 STB/day for 310 hours.
Known reservoir data is:
Depth:10476 ft,

rw=0.354 ft,

Ct =22.6

Q=4900 STBD

h=482 ft,

re=2640 ft

= 0.20 ,

= 0.09

B=1.55 bbl/STB

tp=310 hr;

a) By Horner analysis calculate:


The average permeability
The skin factor
The additional pressure drop due to skin.
b) Is this reservoir an infinitive acting reservoir during pressure buildup test (why or why not)?
if yes, estimate initial reservoir pressure.
If no(is bounded reservoir):
Estimate the False pressure.
Calculate the average reservoir pressure from MBH method (well drainage area is circular).
c) By MDH method calculate (well drainage area is circular and no flow across drainage boundary):
The average permeability
The skin factor
The additional pressure drop due to skin
The false pressure
The reservoir initial pressure
+

Time
Pws
Pws-Pwf
Solution:
=

(hr)
psi

Steps:
1+

1.
Plot log (log-log paper)(ref:John Lee)
0
2761 0
But we do as is mentioned in the class
0.1
3057 0.1
3101
296
Plot log
0.21 3153 0.2099
1472
392
2.
Plot Pws vs log((tp+)/) (semi-log paper)(Horner)
0.31 3234 0.3097
1001
473
3.
From log-log paper we obtain:
0.52 3249 0.5191
597.2
488
ETR region and start of MTR, then we calculate C,Cd.
0.63 3256 0.6287
493.1
495
4.
From semi log paper we obtain K,s,, rw,FE
0.73 3260 0.7283
425.7
499
MDH
method.
0.84 3263 0.8377
370
502
0.0002637 .
.
0.94 3266 0.9372
330.8
505
5.
= ..
& =
1.05 3267 1.0465
296.2
506
6.

1.15 3268 1.1457
270.6
507

7.

141.3.
1.36 3271 1.3541
228.9
510

1.68 3274 1.6709


185.5
513
MBH method.
1.99 3276 1.9773
156.8
515
+
0.0002637
8.
Pws= . log ( ) , & = .. 2 .
2.51 3280 2.4898
124.5
519



3.04 3283 3.0105
103
522
9.
From MBH curves 70.6 / , 70.6 /
3.46 3286 3.4218
90.6
525
4.08 3289 4.0270
77
528
RESULTS.
5.03 3293 4.9497
62.6
532
Since the number of points are too much to plot I just pick
5.97 3297 5.8572
52.9
536
them up arbitrarily.
6.07 3297 5.9534
52.1
536
ETR: no line with slope of 1/0.5/0.25 cycle per cycle could
7.01 3300 6.8550
45.2
539
pass through the early points however the end of wellbore
8.06 3303 7.8558
39.5
542
storage can be seen as 0.84 hr.
9
3305 8.7461
35.4
544
Hence (Horner results):
10.05 3306 9.7344
31.8
545
162.6
13.09 3310 12.5597
24.7
549
Slope=54, =
= 9.18

16.02
20
26.07
31.03
34.98
37.54
40
42
44.3
48
53.5
55

3313
3317
3320
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3328
3330
3338
3340

15.2328
18.7879
24.0477
28.2066
31.4331
33.4851
35.4286
36.9886
38.7609
41.5642
45.6259
46.7123

20.4
16.5
12.9
11
9.9
9.3
8.8
8.4
8
7.5
6.8
6.6

552
556
559
561
562
563
564
565
567
569
577
579

= 1.151 (

...2 + 3.23)=4.93

() = 0.869 =231.3 psi


b) This reservoir does not act as an infinitive reservoir since
the the Horner line doesnt converge to Pi. So:
= 3367
Using MBH method: tDA=0.04038
.( )

Then: 2.09 = 70.65 = 3358.25

Utilizing MDH method:


We generate:
1 =3309 psi,

m=43.49,

= 1.151 (

K=11.78 mD

...2 + 3.23)=8.59

() = 0.869 =324.64 psi


For r(drainage radius)=2640 ft, t=2978 hr then, A=27861164.18 ft2
=

0.0002637

Hence 4.36= =

= 0.106, =
()
141.2

=(for t=3.04 hr and Pws=3283 psi)=0.00001

=> Pi=3447.7 psi