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CR.P.C Sec.

340 PROCEEDINGS
Section 138 & Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 340 - Dishonour of cheque - Accused producing receipt showing payment - Contention of complainant that receipt is forged - Application for initiating proceedings u/s 340 Cr.P.C. - During the enquiry under ection 340 Cr.P.C. the only point for consideration would !e whether there is prima facie material to proceed against the person concerned - "#en during the enquiry under ection 340 Cr.P.C. the question of genuineness or otherwise of the document in question would not !e finally ad$udicated.%&/s &. . hoes "ast 'imited (s &/s &odella )nitwear 'imited* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 30+ %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0+,0 6 +,,- %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 04-; 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;,< Section 138 & Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 340 Dishonour of cheque - Accused producing receipt showing payment Contention of complainant that receipt is forged - "nquiry !y Court under ection 340 Cr.P.C. initiated - Proceedings under ection +3- cannot !e stayed pending enquiry - cope of !oth the proceedings is different. %&/s &. . hoes "ast 'imited (s &/s &odella )nitwear 'imited* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 30+ %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0+,0 6 +,,- %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 04-; 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;,<

REQUEST TO REPRESE T C!EQUE"


Section 138 - Cheque dishonoured - 9otice issued - 1equest to present the cheque once again - Cheque represented - Cheque again dishonoured econd notice returned with an endorsement =always a!sent= - Cause of action has arisen only on the first notice. %&/s A!raham Chac>o 4 Co. (s )alleppuram &etals* +,,,%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " +; %)erala* Section 138 - Dishonour of cheque - 9otice issued - .ntimation !y drawer to payee or the holder in due course thereafter that sufficient amount is a#aila!le in the !an> to honour the cheque - Does not a!sol#e him from his lia!ility to pay the amount. %.tty &athew (s 1amani* +,,-%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " 4+< %)erala* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0<33 6 +,,- %3* C.(.' '7 0-3, 6 +,,- %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 0303 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;<3

210C201A' D"?"C2 69/ /??"9C"


Section 138 - Dishonour of cheque due to structural defects i.e. any defect in its form@ want of signature@ date not properly written@ figure of the amount has !een o#erwritten or erasures in the drawerAs name etc. - ection +3- is not attracted - 2his section is also not attracted if drawer refuses to replace the cheque. %8a!ulal 9ainmal 7ain (s )him$i 1atanshi Dedhia* +,,,%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 34+ %8om.* 6 +,,, . 7 %8A9).9:* 0003 6 +,,- %+* 8A9).9: CA " 033, 6 +,,- %3* &A5 '7 0B<; 6 +,,CO#PE S$T%O " Section 138, Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 3&7 - Con#iction Compensation - &agistrate has power to impose fine !y way of compensation for payment to complainant - 2here is no limit on power of &agistrate to fiC quantum of compensation. %1.D.8harti (s 2he 5ome ecretary@ 0nion 2erritory of Chandigarh 4 /rs.* ;004%4* C1.&.9A' C/012 CA " B3 %P45* Section' 138, 117 - Dishonour of cheque - Compensation - Drawee is entitled to compensation - 1emedy of compensation is in addition to common law remedy for reco#ery of amount co#ered !y cheque. %&/s A.&.Agencies (s 0nited Phosphorus 'td.* ;00+%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " +4< %A.P.*

P$RT P$(#E T #$)E"


Section 138, Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 48* - Payment already made - Plea of - ame to !e pro#ed at the trial - 9ot a ground for quashing proceedings. % ri )rishna 8hupathi (s Chandana Constructions* ;004%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " -< %)arnata>a* D ;004%;* C1.&.9A' C/012 CA " 4B %)arnata>a* Section 138 - Part payment - Post dated cheque issued for 1s.; lacs As per agreement drawer paying the amount in instalments - /nly small amount remained to !e paid - Drawee presenting the cheque which was dishonoured - 9o offence u/s +3- is made out. %Ar#ind &ane>alal 2ailor (s tate of :u$arat* ;00+%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " ,, %:u$.*

Section 138 - Part payment made - Part payment remained unpaid e#en after eCpiry of +3 days from the date of receipt of notice - Accused has committed the offence u/s +3- 9. Act. %2he>>an 4 Co. (s Anitha* ;004%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " +3 %)erala* D ;004%+* C1.&.9A' C/012 CA " <3 %)erala* Section 138 - Payment of cheque amount after institution of complaint - Does not wipe off the offence. %7auss Polymers 'td. 4 Anr. (s &/s. awhney 8rothers* ;003%+* C1.&.9A' C/012 CA " 3;3 %Delhi* Section 138 - Payment of cheque amount during pendency of appeal against con#iction - As offence is pro#ed con#iction is to !e maintained - .n #iew of su!sequent de#elopment@ sentence reduced to period already undergone and fine maintained. %&ahender ingh (s tate of Andhra Pradesh 4 Anr.* ;00+%+* AP"E C/012 7/019A' -%+* % .C.* Section 138 - Payments made !efore the presentation of cheque and !efore receipt of notice - 9othing precludes a Court from ta>ing into account prior payments made !efore the presentation of the cheque or !efore the receipt of notice in deciding whether the amount due under the cheque has !een paid. %2he>>an 4 Co. (s Anitha* ;004%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " +3 %)erala* D ;004%+* C1.&.9A' C/012 CA " <3 %)erala* Section 138 - Accused ma>ing part payment - 1ight of payee to prosecute the accused under ection +3- is not wai#ed. %Aashirwad "nterprises (s am!har alts 'td.* +,,B%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " <4B %1a$.* 6 +,,B %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 0;;+ Section 138 - Accused pleaded payment - /nus is hea#y - &ere entry in the account !oo>s cannot !e ta>en as a conclusi#e proof for the discharge of the onus as the account !oo>s are self-ser#ing statements.%(inay )umar 7ain (s 9arender Prasad* +,,B%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " 3<4 %P45* Section 138 - Cheque and 8an>As memo returned to drawer Contention of accused that he paid the amount - 2rial Court has to consider the effect of return of dishonoured cheque to accused - .n the instant case complaint quashed. %9arender Anand (s &/s &aruti 0dyog 'td.* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 333 %Delhi* 6 +,,- %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 003< 6 +,,B %;* C5A9D.:A15 C1'. CA " 03B< 6 +,,- C1'. '.7. 0B3,

Section 138 - Cheque issued - u!sequently complainant agreed to recei#e the amount in instalments - Dishonour of cheque - 5eld@ no offence is made out under ection +3- of the Act as su!sequent agreement replaced the cheque. %(oruganti China :opaiah (s &/s :oda#ari ?ert. and Chemicals 'td.* +,,,%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " 3- %A.P.* 6 +,,, - ;00+ % 0PP.* . 7 %8A9).9:* 0;0+ Section 138 - Cheque issued for 1s.+0@000/- towards part payment out of a lia!ility of 1s.44++B/- 2hereafter draft for 1s.3300/- paid - Cheque presented and dishonoured - Complaint filed - 2hereafter cash amount of 1s.3@000/- made - 5eld@ e#en after the ad$ustment of these two amounts@ still the accused is lia!le to pay nearly an amount of 1s.34@000/- 5ence@ as long as there is legally enforcea!le lia!ility either on the date of issuance of the
cheque or on the date of encashment of the cheque@ the complainant is entitled to encash the cheque issued !y the accused - /rder of acquittal passed !y &agistrate set aside. %Padma$a &ar>eting "nterprises (s (. .1.&urthy* +,,-%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " <-4 %A.P.* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 04+; 6 +,,B %4* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 %A.P.* 0;-4 6 +,,- %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 0034 6 +,,B %4* C1.&" 0+0< 6 +,,- C1'. '.7. 0--+ 6 +,,B %;* A'2 %C1'.* 0;43 6 +,,B %+* A'D %C1'.* 0-+4 6 +,,- %3<* 8A9) '7 00BB 6 +,,B %;* ' AP 00;0 Section 138 - /ffer to ma>e payment - 5eld@ once the offence is committed and merely !y ma>ing the payment will not put an end to the same - .t may effect the gra#ity of the offence. %8alwinder ingh ( Pun$a! and ind 8an>* +,,-%3* C.(.' C/012 CA " 40- %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0<4B 6 ;000 %+* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 %P45* 03,, 6 +,,, %4* 1C1 %C1'.* 03-0 Section 138 - Part payment made - .s of no a#ail to the drawer of the cheque for e#ading prosecution. %(andana 7ain (s Chief 7udicial &agistrate* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 4B<%All.* Section 138 - Part payment made !efore cheque presented in !an> - Cheque of full amount presented - Cheque dishonoured for insufficient funds - Accused is guilty of offence u/s +3- - .t would ha#e !een another case if at least accused had an amount which was paya!le after part payment. %Andhra "ngineering Corporation (s &/s 2.C... ?inance 'td.* +,,,%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " <30 %A.P.* 6 +,,, %3* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 %A.P.* 0033 6 +,,, %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 0;33 6 +,,, %+* A'2 %C1'.* 0<B4 Section 138 - Part payment made - 9o ground to quash the complaint - Point to !e decided at trial. %&/s &.8..ndustries (s :a$anand* +,,,% 0PP'.* C.(.' C/012 CA " ;BB %Cal.* 6 +,,, - ;00+ % 0PP.* . 7 %8A9).9:* 0B+0 6 +,,, %+* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 %CA'C022A* 0;B4 6 +,,, %;* 1C1 %C1'.* 03<3 6 +,,, CC'1 000B

Section' 138, 141 - Payment of 1s.;0 lacs after institution of complaint Complainant not yet admitted the receipt of this amount against the cheque - Prayer of quashment of complaint declined as it is a question of fact. %)rishna achde#a (s &odella )nitwear* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 3,B %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 00;3 6 +,,B %3* C5A9D.:A15 C1'. CA " 0;30

#ORE T!$ O E C!EQUE6

Section 138, Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section' *19, **0 - iC cheques of different dates - /n request of accused all siC cheques presented on one date - All the cheques dishonoured - /ffence relates to single transaction - Accused to !e tried at one trial.%).:o#indara$ (s Ashwin 8arai* +,,-%3* C.(.' C/012 CA " 33< %&adras* 6 ;000 . 7 %8A9).9:* 00B- 6 +,,- %;* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 %&AD1A * 04+; 6 +,,- %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 03B- 6 +,,- %+* 8A9).9: CA " 03-+ 6 +,,- %,4* C/&P. CA " 0;3< 6 +,,- C1'. '.7. 00;; 6 +,,, %+* CC1 0;,4 6 +,,B %;* C2C 03<B Section 138 - Cheque - Can !e presented within siC months from the date on which it was drawn either in the payeeAs !an> or in the drawerAs !an>. %7ayaswals 9eco 'imited (s .sher Alloy teels 'td.* ;00+%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " ;- %&.P.* Section 138 - Dishonour of fi#e cheque - /ne notice issued in respect of all the fi#e cheques and one complaint filed - .n terms of the pro#ision under ection ;+,%+* of the Code of Criminal Procedure if a person is accused of more offences than one of the same >ind committed within the space of +; months from the first to the last of such offences may !e charged with and tried at one trial for any num!er of them not eCceeding three As there was only one statutory notice to enforce payment of the amount co#ered !y those fi#e cheque as such the contention of the accused that one trial court not !e held@ repelled. %9"PC &icon 'td. (s &agma 'easing 'td.* +,,,%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " 43, %Calcutta* 6 +,,, %;* A'' .9D.A C1.&.9A' '1 % .C.* 0;+- 6 +,,, %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 0B34 6 +,,, %+* 8A9).9: CA " 0;<, 6 +,,, %,<* C/&P. CA " 0-;; 6 +,,- %;* C'2 0303 Section 138 - iC cheques - 7oint trial - .f cheques were issued as part of the same transaction then all the cases can !e $ointly tried. %&ohammed (s tate of )erala* ;003%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 0, %)erala*