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Directions for Written Response #7 You will be answering the question How does the Constitution preserve liberty?

Does the Constitution give the federal government too much power? 1. Read Federalist Paper #51 by James Madison. While you are reading, number the paragraphs, mark the text, and make margin notes regarding what you have high-lighted. 2. After you have read Federalist Paper #51, discuss with a partner what the paper is about, and why you high-lighted what you did. 3. After you have discussed with a partner what the paper is about and what you have highlighted, work in a group to answer the following questions in your notebook using the primary source and what you know about the Constitution: In the first paragraph, what does Madison claim is essential to the preservation of liberty? In the second paragraph, what are some of the necessary constitutional meansto resist encroachments of the other branches of government? In the second paragraph, why does Madison state If men were angels, no government would be necessary? In the third paragraph, how is the power of the legislative branch limited? In the third paragraph, how is the weakness of the executive branch fortified? In the fourth paragraph, Madison speaks of a compound republic, what are the first two governments by which power is divided? How are these governments then subdivided? What is the end result of the divisions in government? 4. Read the excerpts from Anti-Federalist Paper #46 by An Old Whig. While you are reading, number the paragraphs, mark the text, and make margin notes regarding what you have highlighted. 5. After you have read Anti-Federalist Paper #46, discuss with a partner what the paper is about, and why you high-lighted what you did. 6. After you have discussed with a partner what the paper is about and what you have highlighted, work in a group to answer the following questions using the primary source and what you know about the Constitution: In the second paragraph, what power of Congress does the author have a problem with? Why does the author have a problem with this power of Congress? Who gets to be the judge of what is necessary and proper? In the third paragraph, why does the author state that Congress has supreme legislative power, without control? Using what you know about the Constitution, how could checks and balances be applied to the elastic clause? Homework: Write at least a one page paper answering the question How does the Constitution preserve liberty? Does the Constitution give the federal government too much power? For the

purposes of this paper, your answer will be no in regards to the Constitution having too much power. Your paper must include an introduction with a clearly stated thesis as well as some background information. Your paper must include two body paragraphs. The first body paragraph should answer the first question using at least 2 quotes from Federalist Paper #51 and your knowledge of the Constitution. The second body paragraph should answer the second question using at least 2 APPROPRIATE quotes from Anti-Federalist Paper #46 and your knowledge of the Constitution. You will have to argue against the claims in Anti-Federalist #46 in order to support your thesis (you also may use quotes from Federalist #51 in the second body paragraph). Your paper must include a conclusion including final thoughts, restatement of thesis, and/or lingering questions.