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ComplexityofEuropeanRollOuts

Authoredby Martin Dvorak


Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 1
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12
Authored by Martin Dvorak
May 2009
2009 OracleContractors.com. All rights reserved.
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Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 2
CONTENTS
ABOUT CONTRACTORS NETWORK ................................................................... 4
ABOUT THE AUTHOR ................................................................................................ 5
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................. 6
WHY ARE EUROPEAN ROLLOUTS MORE COMPLEX THAN US IMPLEMENTATIONS? 7
Different complexities within Europe................................................................... 8
Historical common European structures............................................................... 8
Natural similarities ............................................................................................... 8
Implementation levels........................................................................................ 10
What are the European Languages?................................................................... 11
What are the European Currencies? ................................................................... 12
What are the different mentalities? ................................................................... 13
Module specific considerations........................................................................... 16
FINDINGS............................................................................................................... 19
What is Localization?.......................................................................................... 20
What is a Regional, Shared Localization or even a Globalization?..................... 20
Release 12........................................................................................................... 20
Country breakdown R12 European Globalizations ............................................. 20
EU Reports and set up standards........................................................................ 20
Tier 1 countries ................................................................................................... 25
Tier 2 countries ................................................................................................... 25
Norway................................................................................................................ 26
Finland ................................................................................................................ 26
Germany.............................................................................................................. 27
Austria................................................................................................................. 27
Switzerland......................................................................................................... 28
Tier 3 countries ................................................................................................... 29
Belgium............................................................................................................... 29
Croatia................................................................................................................. 30
Portugal .............................................................................................................. 30
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 3
Hungary .............................................................................................................. 32
Turkey ................................................................................................................. 34
France ................................................................................................................. 34
Czech Republic.................................................................................................... 36
Spain ................................................................................................................... 36
Israel ................................................................................................................... 40
Tier 4 countries ................................................................................................... 40
Poland ................................................................................................................. 40
Italy..................................................................................................................... 42
Tier 5 countries ................................................................................................... 49
Greece................................................................................................................. 49
CONCLUSIONS........................................................................................................ 54
Oracle Localization Guides.................................................................................. 55
Oracle Localization Quality ................................................................................. 55
Technical Skills to support European Roll outs................................................... 55
Currencies ........................................................................................................... 55
Roll out plan........................................................................................................ 55
Language skills of the delivery team.................................................................. 55
Global Accounting Engine ................................................................................... 56
SAB 101 Revenue Recognition............................................................................ 56
VAT Compliance Issues....................................................................................... 56
Commissionaire Accounting................................................................................ 56
DATA PROTECTION................................................................................................. 57
RECOMMENDATIONS.............................................................................................. 58
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 4
ABOUT CONTRACTORS NETWORK
Contractors Network Ltd is a Global Oracle Contractors Network with primary focus on
Oracle's E-Business Suite.
We are operated by Contractors Network Ltd with 11 offices worldwide.
We offer Contractor Resourcing with access to over 10,000 pre-qualified
Oracle Applications Contractors through our local offices.
We have an innovative and cost effective model for Implementations &
Upgrades - our 'Hybrid Team' solution.
We are able to offer access to Global Resolution Groups for adhoc work from
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We interact with over 15,000 client personnel involved with the Oracle E-
Business Suite.
We promote a community spirit through an Apps Blog, with 50 + Regional
Authors that produce 20 articles a months.
We are a Publishing House for White Papers authored by Oracle Contractors
and distribute these free, to clients and Contractors alike.
We offer access for training and demonstration of the latest release via an
online Vision environment at no cost.
We offer Oracle Contractors special membership to a network of Oracle User
Groups, under our umbrella, at a discounted rate.
We exhibit & present at all Regional Oracle Conferences worldwide as well as local Special
Interest Groups.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 5
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Martin Dvorak is an Oracle Applications Consultant, Speaker and Author. He has spent the last
15 years implementing a diverse range of software solutions for organisations within a variety
of industries in Europe and the USA. He has also presented papers at numerous national and
international conferences and contributes to leading journals around the globe. Martin Dvorak
was ranked 3
rd
as IT Freelancer of the Year in 2006. Martin Dvorak speaks fluent English,
German, Czech and French.
Martin can be contacted at Martin.Dvorak@oraclecontractors.com
and you can visit his web site at www.martindvorak.com
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 6
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
What makes Oracle Implementations different in Europe? When looking at objectives an ERP
system should meet, such as streamline processes, new business strategies, competitiveness,
speed and globalizations European roll outs are more demanding than US roll outs to meet
these objectives. This paper will focus on the framework for the effective implementation of
Oracle applications in the European region. The framework will provide valuable Oracle
implementation guidelines for international companies, mainly for US based corporations
which are implementing Oracles E-Business Suite also in Europe.
The author will propose recommendations based on findings and conclusions from European
Roll outs. This includes considerations such as localizations, language issues, legal and
statutory requirements, education and understanding of international projects and will outline
the complexity and awareness when implementing Oracles E-Business Suite 11i or R12
across Europe.
Secondly, most US based multi national companies have successfully implemented their first
roll outs in the Americas, i.e. the US, Canada and Mexico and then facing difficulties when
implementing Europe and Asia. The European complexity, not only due to different legal and
statutory requirements, but also due to different languages, data protection issues, cultures
and mentalities is often underestimated. This paper will show what needs to be taken into
consideration when implementing the different countries in Europe. Every single country has
its special challenges, which should be known upfront when implementing the Oracle system.
Thirdly, we will focus on the functionality that Oracle Applications offers to users and how this
meets the business requirements. Topics of discussion will be the localizations, language,
legal and statutory requirements.
In closing the author will show in ten steps what it needs to be done in order to have a
successful roll out in Europe.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 7
WHY ARE EUROPEAN ROLLOUTS MORE COMPLEX THAN US IMPLEMENTATIONS?
Fig. 1: 2007 version of the European map from the CIA Fact Book
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 8
Europe, with a population over 500 million people, is an attractive market. However, Europe
consists of a multicultural environment. Even though the European Union takes steps towards
standardization, legal and tax harmonization, the single countries vary from each other.
Because of different laws, languages, currencies and mentalities, implementations in Europe
are more complex in comparison to the United States, where you find one language, one
currency and one accounting law.
Different complexities within Europe
US based international corporations often choose the right approach to start with a tier 1
country, such as the United Kingdom, where the language barrier is none. The Netherlands
have often been chosen in the past as European connection points to the US for reasons like
Shared Services, also because of the availability of multi lingual skills in the Dutch labour
market. In the recent times, US companies favour more Eastern European locations, such as
Poland due to the attractive cost and labour market. For cost benefits, more Shared Services
are moved towards Eastern Europe such as Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Historical common European structures
In order to understand the European similarities and deviations, some historical background
needs to be addressed. In the 19
th
century you had large countries such as the Austria-
Hungarian Empire where you still can find similarities in the architecture, culture and
mentality even today. A large impact on the mentality had the communist regime, which took
precedence mainly after the Second World War. The 50 years of dictatorship shaped a lack of
business orientation, which made it difficult to implement Oracle projects in the nineties.
Today, there is still a kind of Mafia attitude in the emerging countries which is slowly
disappearing and normal conditions are expected within the next 2 generations.
Natural similarities
In terms of historical similarities, such as language, similar culture and political development,
the European countries can be grouped as followed:
Block Members Common aspects Deviations
Anglo sax UK, IRL Same language as US.
High productivity.
hands on and
pragmatically
Currency in UK , Ireland has the .
Class distinction.
Benelux NL, BE,
LUX
Core EU countries,
pushing EU standards.
open mentality
Belgium 2 languages, inflexible
labour law, people understand quite
well English.
German
speaking
DE, AT,
CH
Same language and
similar culture.
hard working
Inflexible labour law in Germany and
Austria, strong unions Betriebsrat.
Sloppy working attitude in Austria.
Switzerland is not part of EU and
different currency such as CHF.
Flexible labour law but high costs.
Switzerland having 4 official
languages.
South FR, SP,
ITA, PT,
Latin legacy. Similar
mentalities. Same
Rigorous legal and statutory
requirements. Different language and
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 9
Block Members Common aspects Deviations
GR, IL currency except for
IL.
laid back working
approach
character set in Greece.
Large legal requirements in Italy.
Language barrier towards English.
Inflexible labour law, often strikes
and strong unions.
Nordic S, SF, DK,
ICL
Similar languages,
mentalities and law
requirements, high
taxes and labour costs.
High level of English
speaking.
cool approach
Finnish completely deviates from the
other languages. Currency issues, i.e.
only Finland has the .
Baltic LIT, LET,
EST
Same political legacy,
booming countries.
Baltic tigers
Estonia more common with Finland,
also language wise. Different stages
of transformation, i.e. EST in better
shape than the other 2 Baltic
countries.
Eastern
Europe and
Russia
PL, CZ,
SK, HU,
RU
Same political legacy,
good transformers.
Medium level of
English language skills,
still some communist
mentality.
fast learners
High skilled labour, low labour cost.
Hungarian completely deviates from
the other languages. Different pace
of transformation, i.e. Slovakia fast,
Hungary struggling. Different
working standards. Different
mentality and character mode in
Russia.
Balkan SRB, SLO,
BIH, CRO,
MTN,
ALB, BUL,
RO, TK
Same political legacy,
slow transformers, bad
economy, low level of
language skills, small
elite, large
unemployment,
political instability. Low
labour costs.
challengers
Large differences between and even
in between single countries. Slovenia
has same standards as Western
Europe whereas Serbia needs
approx. another 10 years to achieve
European standards. Political issues
in Serbia and Albania. Russian
influence in Montenegro. Different
character mode in Serbia and
Bulgaria. Romania plays in IT near
shore competition.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 10
Implementation levels
Similar implementation complexities can be summarized in countries, i.e. whereas the North
Western and Central European countries require adequate legal and statutory requirements,
the Southern countries have rigorous legal and statutory requirements, which make
implementations long and cost intensive.
Block Members Explanation
Tier 1 UK, IRL Simple legal and statutory requirements.
Common language to the US.
Pragmatic working approach.
Tier 2 NL, GER, CH,
AT, S, SF,
DK, NO
Medium legal and statutory requirements.
Hard working approach, unemotional and down to earth
mentality.
Different Currencies.
Tier 3 BEL, F, ES,
PT, CZ, SK,
HU, IL, TK,
CR
Medium to High legal and statutory requirements.
Global Accounting Engine required in Southern countries.
Document Sequencing.
Difficult to handle mentalities and languages.
Different Currencies.
Tier 4 ITA, PL High legal and statutory requirements.
Global Accounting Engine required in Italy.
Document Sequencing.
Organizational and mentality issues.
Reports and Solutions have Software issues, dependency of
Oracle Support Services.
Tier 5 GR Very complex and rigorous state dictated legal and statutory
requirements. Chart of Accounts dictated by law.
Global Accounting Engine required in Greece.
Organizational, language and working approach issues.
Different character mode (Greek alphabet).
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 11
What are the European Languages?
Where most of the Forms are available in local languages, Europe has also different character
sets, which often cause printing and key board problems.
Country Level Alphabet Sample of Unique Characters and Comments
UK, IRL,
NL, ITA,
HU, SF,
Tier 1 Latin No special or minor deviations from the US
BE, DE,
CH, AT, F,
ES, PT, S,
DK, N,
Tier 2 Latin Belgium France, Switzerland: , , , ,^
Germany, Austria, Switzerland: , , , Doppel-S
Nordic: , oe
PL, CZ, SK, Tier 3 Latin Numerous special and crossed characters
GR, RU,
SRB, BUL
Tier 4 Cyrillic Complete different alphabetical characters from the rest
of Europe
Apart from the United Kingdom an Ireland, where English is the official language, the English
language skill level in Europe looks as follow:
Tier 1: United Kingdom, Ireland
Tier 2: Netherlands, Nordics (S, DK, N) Belgium, Luxembourg, German speaking (CH, DE,
AT),
Tier 3: Finland, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Israel
Tier 4: Baltic, Eastern Europe (PL, CZ, SK), Greece, France, Russia, Serbia, Croatia, Bulgaria,
Turkey
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 12
What are the European Currencies?
The countries having the common currency Euro are:
Ireland, Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria,
Slovakia, Monaco, Italy, Greece and Finland
Single Currencies have:
Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Poland,
Hungary and the United Kingdom.
The Euro is unofficially accepted in the under developed non Euro countries such as Romania,
Bulgaria and some Balkan countries. This means that business can be traded in Euro,
however, from a legal stand point; the Oracle Set of Book must have the official currency.
Fig. 2: Map of Euro Zone countries
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 13
What are the different mentalities?
A successful implementation depends on organizational and mentality aspects. Since Europe
has different cultures and languages, the mentalities vary as well. The below matrix should
not be interpreted as stereotypes, it should be rather viewed as implementation challenges.
There is no intention to offend different cultures and nations; the idea behind this matrix is to
provide an understanding why certain characteristics can occur when implementing a new
country. The objective behind this listing is to avoid any misunderstanding and to provide a
basis for more respect when dealing with different nations and characteristics. This is more
important during the scope phase in order to set the right expectations on both customer and
consulting level. Remember that you do not have a second chance to make a first impression.
Country Advantages Disadvantages Ease of
impl. level
United
Kingdom
Hands on
Pragmatic
Polite
Self control
Tolerant
Easy to get on with
Direct
Business driven
Good Humour
Best multi ethnic handling
in Europe
Communication
Level of dishonesty
Stiff
Impersonal
Cold
Eccentric
Tier 1
Ireland Open
Friendly
Modest
Cheerful
Helpful
Level of delinquency
Corrupt
Poverty
Tier 1
Netherlands Consensus driven
Open minded
Social
Flexible
Non-hierarchical
Inventive in proposing
Ideas
Direct
Taking initiative
Assertive
Humour and political
incorrect
Not open to change
Like to say No
Everyone involved in decisions
Level of higher free space required
Stubborn, arrogant
Too loud, assertive, too less
focused
Dutch openly strive for their
goals/deal, and don't want to hear
the story about the others first
Higher absence (sickness days)
then the rest of European countries
Tier 2
Germany In depth approach
Hierarchy driven
Efficient
Well organized
Precise
Open and direct
Exhaustive level of detailed
planning
Humourless, masters in moaning
Strict, tough, harsh, arrogant,
aggressive, vain, cold.
Submissive regarding management
Tier 2
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 14
Country Advantages Disadvantages Ease of
impl. level
Local work council thinking
Austria Easy going
Cozy
Comfortable
Social
Employee friendly law
Not open to change
Lack of Engagement, masters in
grumbling and being pessimistic.
Conflict avoiders
Lack of focusing on business
Deliver on pressure not on deadline
Sloppy working attitude
Tier 2
Switzerland Reliable
Hard working
Deliver on time
Stick to scope
Polite
Controlled
High significance of money and
status
Indirect
Lack of humour and imagination
Vain
Slow
Tier 2
Sweden Subtly humour
Progressive
Liberal
Modest
Cannot show emotions neither joy
or misery
Stiff
Silent
Tier 2
Finland Friendly
Disciplined
Honest
Work independently
Modern
Well educated
Open to technology
More women in
management positions.
No hectic or pressure but
in the meantime hard
working
Very silent
Difficult to approach
Not so open
Smalltalk does not exist
Tier 2
Denmark Likeable
Remain cool, regardless
of the situation
Feel good
Comfortable
Lack of politeness (impression only)
Get easily offended
Lack of communication
Tier 2
Norway Friendly
Helpful
Direct and open
Sensitive
Interested
Polite
Level of distance
Sarcastic
Strong contrast between tradition
and modernism
Loose working attitude
Tier 2
France Style and ingenuity
Charming
Positive attitude to life
Amicable working
relationship
Endless discussions and meetings
with little results
Too self-assertive
Egocentric
Arrogant
Level of nationalism
Tier 3
Italy Warm
Friendly
Open to change
High level of passion
Hot-headed
Machos
Corruption
Mafia
Tier 4
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 15
Country Advantages Disadvantages Ease of
impl. level
Positive attitude
Style and elegant
Spain Relaxed and energetic
Strong sense of belonging
Individualism
Helpful
High level of contribution
Warm-hearted
Buoyant
Temperamental
Smart
Tolerant
Problems are rather hided then
solved
You need more people to clean the
chaos
Organizational issues
Inefficiency
Manana
Not punctual
Macho attitude
Difficulty to understand what
deadlines mean
Tier 3
Portugal Sensitive
Gentle
Calm
Cozy
Amusing
Cordial
Cautious
Like to celebrate
Social
Live today, not tomorrow
Cannot take people too seriously
answers are not binding
Lack of innovation
Unable to make decisions
Inconvenient
Hypocritical
Bureaucratic
Cumbersome
Slow
Chaotic
Melancholic
Tier 3
Belgium Pragmatic
Humour
Relaxed
Disorganized
Level of dishonesty and corruption
Tier 3
Czech
Republic
Kind
Helpful
Confident
Determined
Good sense of humour
Highly educated
Materialistic orientation
Envious
Dissatisfied
Passive
Xenophobic
Inferiority complex
Still some level of corruption
Tier 3
Slovakia Fast to learn
Modest
Intelligent
Not willing to take responsibility
Unable to work independently
To achieve a higher salary is more
important then project success
Tier 3
Poland Fast to learn
Merchants
Highly educated
Taking the law as an excuse not to
deliver
Not solution orientated
Know-it-all
Tier 4
Hungary Good sense of humour
Hospitable
Jovial
Enjoy life
Profound
Language barrier
Careless
Pesimistic
Tier 3
Turkey Polite
Family honour
Open to apply western
standards
Money driven
Country of contrasts
Too many unspoken rules "ayip"
High level of adrenalin
Tier 3
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 16
Country Advantages Disadvantages Ease of
impl. level
Helpful
Generous
Hospitable
Aggressive
Macho
Lack of understanding European
mentalities
Baltic Motivated and hungry for
success
Legacy of past impacts Tier 3
Greece Easy going
Friendly
Generous
Organizational issues
Discipline
Commitment to deliver
Being punctual
Tier 4
US Open
Friendly
Freedom
No limits
Can do mentality
Fast and direct
Ignorant
Egoistic
Patriots
Level of racism
Consumer driven
Materialistic
Lack of understanding European
history, culture and mentalities
Tier 1
Module specific considerations
Oracle Applications is a module based ERP system. For European roll outs, you need to
consider the special requirements, which are impacting single modules. Some of the below
considerations are optional, not all considerations are legally or statutory required. The ease
of implementation level explains the complexity and effort to implement this Oracle module
on an average basis throughout Europe. The ease of reconciliation level provides the
estimation effort to execute a month end reconciliation process. Depending on different roles
and responsibilities, you will define customized responsibilities and menus for each module.
What is also required for European Rollouts is a mapping of all required reports against Oracle
standard reports in order to produce a map gap document. This document will then provide a
decision basis for reports required by management and reports, which are legally required but
not fully available from the localization reports.
Module European Considerations Ease of
imple-
mentation
level
Ease of
recon-
ciliation
level
GL - Chart of accounts might be dictated by
Government or global chart of accounts is
missing local requirements.
- Currency issues, i.e. requirement of foreign
exchange daily loader program
- Profile Values
- Legal and statutory reporting requirements
- Payroll interfaces from feeder systems if
Oracle HR is not in place
- Extracts to Corporate reporting systems
such as Hyperion
- Define Consolidations, i.e. requirement to
have in addition to USGAAP a local set of
book
Tier 2 Tier 2
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 17
Module European Considerations Ease of
imple-
mentation
level
Ease of
recon-
ciliation
level
- VAT Reports
- Customized Trial Balance
- Autopost Criteria
- Tax Calculation Options
- Document Sequencing
AP - Payment Formats and Programs
- EFT Payment files for local banks
- EDI, eCommerce Gateway, standards such
as Paymul / Edifact
- Profile Values
- Bank Accounts
- Credit Cards
- Complex Payment Terms
- VAT and VAT Reports
- Tax codes, assignments and recovery rules
- Supplier Conversion Standards
- Customized Trial Balance
- Localized Remittance Advice
- Localized aging buckets
- Withholding tax and tax calculation options
- Special calendars such as recurring
calendars
- Tax Reporting Entities
- Lookups, i.e. different pay groups such as
domestic and foreign pay groups
- Bank Charges
- Work structure locations (HR)
- Document Sequencing
Tier 2 Tier 2
AR - Tax Codes
- Transaction Types and Auto Accounting
- Local Invoice Formats
- Local Payment Slips for Cash Invoices
- Local Dunning letters
- Customer Data interfaces from feeder
systems
- Revenue interfaces from feeder systems
- Customer Chargebacks customizations
- VAT Reports, i.e. in Discoverer
- Customized Trial Balance
- Customer Statements
- Profile Options
- Address Flexfields
- Quick Codes (customer class, invoice types,
etc.)
- Payment Terms
- Invoicing and Accounting Rules, i.e. 12
month even spreads
Tier 3 Tier 4
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 18
Module European Considerations Ease of
imple-
mentation
level
Ease of
recon-
ciliation
level
- Transaction Sources
- Receivables Activities, i.e. Accounting Rules
for Adjustments
- Receipt classes, i.e. cash or direct debit
- Aging buckets and statement cycles
- Document Sequencing
CE - Bank Codes
- File Formats
- Different electronic bank statements
- Interfaces to 3
rd
banking software systems,
i.e. ELBA
- Interfaces from Direct Debit payments
- Automatic receipt creation customization
Tier 1 Tier 5
PO - Purchase Order lay out and format
- Approval workflow
- Minimal Inventory set up required when
items are used
- Locations
- System Profiles
- Categories for Items
- Job groups and levels for approval matrix
- Approval groups and assignments
- Expense charge account rules
Tier 2 Tier 1
FA - Tax books
- Account generator workflow
- Customized Asset reports such as Asset
Movement and enhance Asset Register
Tier 2 Tier 2
OIE - Different Per diem policy schedules
- Different mileage schedule
- Different meal policy schedules
- VAT and Tax considerations for Expense
Report Templates
Tier 3 Tier 1
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 19
FINDINGS
Oracle E-Business Suite 11i covers the European aspects within the Global Financials.
Oracle Applications Global Accounting Engine
Oracle Financials Country-Specific Installation Supplement
Oracle Financials Common Country Features User Guide
Oracle Financials for Austria User Guide
Oracle Financials for Belgium User Guide
Oracle Financials for the Czech Republic User Guide
Oracle Financials for Denmark User Guide
Oracle Financials for Finland User Guide
Oracle Financials for France User Guide
Oracle Financials for Germany User Guide
Oracle Financials for Greece User Guide
Oracle Financials for Hungary User Guide
Oracle Financials for Italy User Guide
Oracle Financials for the Netherlands User Guide
Oracle Financials for Norway User Guide
Oracle Financials for Poland User Guide
Oracle Financials for Portugal User Guide
Oracle Financials for Spain User Guide
Oracle Financials for Sweden User Guide
Oracle Financials for Switzerland User Guide
Oracle Financials for Turkey User Guide
The Global Financial User Guides highlight the different country specific features, which need
to be in place when implementing such a country.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 20
What is Localization?
A functional enhancement to Oracle Applications, developed by an Oracle subsidiary or
International Applications Development, to meet a legal or business requirement of most
customers in a given country.
What is a Regional, Shared Localization or even a Globalization?
A Localization required by two or more countries. They have been renamed to Oracle Family
Packs. From Oracle 10.6 onwards, direct enhancements to core product are called
Globalizations in order to meet global requirements.
Release 12
The Oracle Release 12 has different localizations manuals grouped in the section Global
Financials. This has been consolidated into guides covering Americas, Asia/Pacific, Europe,
India and international public sector financials. The country specific installation supplement
remained as in Release 11i.
Since for European countries the core applications in Release 12 manage many features that
were previously managed at the regional and country level, the single country guides have
been consolidated into the Oracle Financials for Europe User Guide.
The localizations are now visible per applications modules such as General Ledger, Payables,
Receivables and Assets. There are separate sections for the Regions such as feature changes
between Release 11i and Release 12, VAT and Statutory Reporting. Related Guides such as
the Tax Guides show country specific tax requirements.
Country breakdown R12 European Globalizations
The table shows the legal and statutory requirements per country and module. The first
sections shows common features, which are used within the European Union countries.
EU Reports and set up standards
The following Globalizations are shared across countries belonging to the European Union.
For additional tax reports which are not listed in below country tables, refer to the Oracle E-
Business Tax R12 Reporting Guide.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
EU AP
AR
GL
Setting up VAT Reporting:
Set up legal entities
Set up tax profiles
Set up tax registrations
Set up tax regimes
Set up tax codes and rates
Define VAT Transaction Types
and assign them to tax codes
(define lookup codes for
different transaction types)
Use Oracle E-Business Tax to set up tax
profiles, tax registrations, tax regimes, tax
and tax rates.
Use General Ledger to set up tax calendars
Use Payables and Receivables for Document
Sequencing (set up Document Categories).
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 21
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
Define reporting entities,
associate the tax calendar,
define allocation rules and
record VAT register
information.
For EU countries, enter the
internal recording date for tax
transactions.
Enter the VAT Registration
Number (for AP and AR)
EU AP
AR
GL
Document Sequences Use General Ledger to set up document
categories using the Journal Categories
window and document sequence names using
the Document Sequence Name window.
Assign the document sequences also in GL.
EU AP
AR
GL
EMEA VAT Selection Process Run the EMEA VAT: Selection Process in the
Submit Request window to select tax
transactions within a tax period. The selection
process creates a repository of all the
transactions eligible for reporting from Oracle
E-Business Tax, Oracle Payables, Oracle
Receivables, and Oracle General Ledger.
When you run the EMEA VAT: Selection
Process for ECE countries, it automatically
launches the ECE Payables Tax Date
Maintenance and the ECE Receivables Tax
Date Maintenance.
EU AP
AR
GL
EMEA VAT Allocation Process This process allocates tax and taxable box
number to records selected by the selection
process, by period type. The allocation
process matches the transactions with the
rules to find out the allocated box.
EU AP
AR
GL
EMEA VAT Allocation Listing This report displays payables, receivables,
and general ledger transactions that are
extracted within a specific tax period for a
VAT reporting entity. You must run this report
before you close a tax period. Review the VAT
Allocations Errors report and make any
necessary corrections before you close a VAT
period.
EU AP
AR
GL
EMEA VAT Allocation Errors
Report
This report shows errors recorded during the
EMEA VAT allocation process. Errors can be
i.e. VAT transaction type is not recorded
against a transaction or a VAT reporting rule
cannot be applied to a transaction or
transaction cannot be allocated due to invalid
tax code, etc.
EU AP EMEA VAT Final Reporting Stamp VAT reports as final.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 22
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AR
GL
Process
EU AP
AR
GL
EMEA VAT: Summary All
Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP
AR
GL
ECE Payables VAT Register
Unpaid Invoices Annex
Use the ECE Payables VAT Register Unpaid
Invoices Annex to print the taxable
transactions that are not yet fully paid and
cleared. The annex sorts and totals
transactions by tax period and prints all
unpaid invoices, even if already printed on
final VAT register. You can also use the annex
as an official supporting document for VAT
returns.
EU GL ECE General Ledger VAT
register
Use the ECE General Ledger VAT register to
print all taxable journals that were manually
entered in Oracle General Ledger and to
prepare VAT returns for submission to tax
authorities in ECE countries. Use this register
as an official supporting document for VAT
returns. The register sorts and totals by tax
type, VAT reporting period, VAT transaction
type, and tax code. There are two summary
sections each for input and output tax. The
first summary section prints totals by tax code
and VAT transaction type. The second
summary section prints totals by tax account
within each GL period.
EU GL EMEA VAT: Audit GL Extract The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP ECE Payables VAT register The ECE Payables VAT register prints all
taxable invoices that were entered in Oracle
Payables. Use this register to prepare VAT
returns for submission to tax authorities in
ECE countries and as an official supporting
document for VAT returns. The register sorts
and totals by tax period, VAT transaction type,
and tax code. There are two summary
sections. The first section prints totals per tax
code and VAT transaction type. The second
summary prints totals per GL period and tax
account.
EU AP Self Invoices Print Purchases VAT Self Invoices and Sales
VAT Self Invoices Registers and to carry out
with a single transaction entry, entries on VAT
accounts, Purchases VAT account, and Sales
VAT account.
EU AP EU Purchase VAT Register This register lists all invoices relative to EU
purchases entered and posted in the date
range of the report. The report submission,
the report parameters, the register and
column headings are similar to those of the
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 23
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Italian Purchase VAT Register.
EU AP EU Sales VAT Register This register lists all invoices relative to EU
purchases entered and posted in the date
range of the report, which, as specified by the
EU law, must also be entered in the Sales
VAT Register. The report submission, the
report parameters, the register and column
headings are similar to those of the Italian
Payables Sales VAT Register.
EU AP Self Invoices Purchase Register The report of the self invoices register on the
Purchase VAT Register can be managed in
Oracle Payables by a report in which all self
invoices entered and posted on the date of
drawing are listed. The report submission, the
report parameters and the register and
column headings are similar to those of the
Italian Purchase VAT Register.
EU AP EMEA VAT: Audit AP Extract The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP EMEA VAT: Journal AP Extract The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP EMEA VAT: Summary AP
Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP EMEA VAT: Audit AP Non TRL
Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP EMEA VAT: Turnover AP Non
TRL Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AP Self Invoices Sales Register The report of the self invoices register on the
Sales VAT Register can be managed, in
Oracle Payables, from a report in which all self
invoices entered and posted in the date range
of the report are listed. The report
submission, the report parameters, the
register and column headings are similar to
those of the Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register.
EU AP
GL
Customs Bills Customs bill entries involve entry transactions
in the Purchase VAT Register, using as the
invoice taxable amount the import value
determined by the customs authority and the
possible import duties, and using the VAT rate
indicated on the document and VAT General
Ledger entries in the Purchases VAT account.
EU AR ECE Receivables VAT Register Use the ECE Receivables VAT Register to print
all taxable transactions that were entered in
Receivables. Use this register to prepare VAT
returns for submission to tax authorities in
ECE countries and as an official supporting
document for VAT returns. The register prints
standard tax transactions and deferred tax
transactions separately. The register sorts and
totals by tax period, VAT transaction type, and
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 24
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tax code. There are two summary sections.
The first summary section prints totals per tax
code and VAT transaction type. The second
summary section prints total tax amount per
tax account and GL period.
EU AR Regional Dunning letter Use the Regional Dunning letter as a
statement that you can send to customers
advising them about open balances. To use
the Regional Dunning letter, you must set up
at least one dunning letter in the Dunning
Letters window. Specify &F_AS_OF_DATE in
the message text for the as of date and
&F_TOTAL_BALANCE in the message text for
the customer site total balance in the ledger
currency.
EU AR EMEA VAT: Audit AR Extract The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AR EMEA VAT: Journal AR Extract The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AR EMEA VAT: Summary AR
Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AR EMEA VAT: Audit AR Non TRL
Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU AR EMEA VAT: Turnover AR Non
TRL Extract
The EMEA VAT reports consist of the VAT
extract and the VAT template.
EU FA Regional Fixed Assets Register
Report
Report your fixed asset ledger status to your
tax authorities. The report helps you reconcile
your Fixed Asset books with your General
Ledger account balances and to review asset
details such as depreciation method, prorate
convention, tag number, and statistical
information. The Fixed Assets Register report
is an RXi report, divided into two sections, one
for active and the other for retired assets.
EU FA Statutory Asset Ledger Report Use the Statutory Asset Ledger report to see
summary asset information. The report
provides summarized asset cost, accumulated
depreciation, and net book value information
for each asset, and optionally reports on all
parent accounts.
EU FA Statutory Asset Cost Detail
report
Use the Statutory Asset Cost Detail report to
see period changes in fixed asset costs. The
report provides additions, revaluations,
retirements, reclassifications, cost
adjustments, and ending balances on all fixed
assets.
EU FA Statutory Asset Reserve Detail
report
Use the Statutory Asset Reserve Detail report
to see period changes in fixed asset
accumulated depreciation between two
periods. The report provides depreciation
expenses, revaluations, retirements,
reclassifications, reserve adjustments, and
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 25
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ending balances on all fixed assets.
Tier 1 countries
There are no unique UK and IRL statutory reports available in R12 except for tax purposes.
The users can use the EU reports for certain tax or VAT reports. Refer to the Tax guides.
Tier 2 countries
The following reports are unique to The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden,
Finland, Denmark and Norway.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 26
Norway
As part of the Scandinavian countries, Oracle Roll outs are straight and projects can be
delivered within scope and time. The collaboration is open and the lack of emotions helps to
concentrate on the deliverables.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
NO GL Norwegian Government EDI
reporting (GEI) functionality
Create the S-Report as a flat file and translate
it into the EDIFACT standard. Request and
receive the A-Report (Reconciliation List) from
the Ministry of Finance.
NO AP
AR
GL
Norwegian VAT Reconciliation Use the Norwegian VAT Reconciliation report
to print information that you need to
complete the bimonthly report that you
submit to your tax authorities two months
after the reporting period. If the bimonthly
reporting period is January to February, for
example, the tax declaration and payment are
due two months later in April. If you did not
report an item at the appropriate time, report
the item for the current period as a correction.
You cannot report an item more than once.
Finland
As part of the Scandinavian countries, Finland is always seen as different due to language
and the geographical location as being the periphery of Europe. The legal and statutory
requirements are higher compared to Sweden, Denmark and Norway.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
FI AP Finnish Payables Account by
Detail report
Similar to the tax audit trail, the report
provides a legal audit trail of all recorded
invoices and payments. The report ensures
the audit trail from Oracle Payables to original
documents. The report is also used to
reconcile the liability balances in AP against
GL.
FI FA Finnish Deferred Depreciation
Expense report
This report helps to analyze the differences
between corporate and tax book depreciation.
You can print information for assets for a
selected period. At the end of each fiscal year,
run the report on the capitalized assets.
In Finland, tax book depreciation is calculated
at the category level. This affects the tax
depreciation calculation of assets sold during
the year because Oracle Assets generates
loss/gain amounts based on individual assets,
not on the whole category. Because
calculation on individual assets is illegal in
Finland, Oracle Assets sets up each category
with a new sales asset. It creates new sales
assets for the categories at the end of each
financial year.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 27
Germany
Germans like rigorous planning and definitions, therefore a detailed scope is required. As a
consultant do not get impressed by the know-all mentality. This is only excellent talking. In
regards to delivery, the Germans are not better then the rest of Europe.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
DE AP German Payables VAT
Reconciliation Detail Report
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
DE AP German Payables VAT
Reconciliation Detail report
The German Payables VAT Reconciliation
Detail report helps you produce German VAT
declarations. The report provides a detail
listing of all transactions posted to each VAT
account in General Ledger. The transactions
are grouped by VAT code and supplier and
selected by General Ledger date. The report
includes details such as the transaction
amount and VAT entered on the original
invoice, as well as any discount taken upon
payment of the invoice.
DE AR German VAT for on account
receipts
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
DE AR German VAT for On-Account
Receipts report
The report prints details of all on-account
receipt transactions that are assigned a tax
code for the selected period range. The
report also shows the customer name and bill-
to site with details of applied and unapplied
on-account receipts. You make manual
adjustments based on the information that
the report provides. Post VAT amounts on the
on-account receipts to your VAT accounts and
reverse any VAT that was posted on invoices
if you received an invoice for the transaction
after you recorded VAT for the prepayment.
Austria
You need to be flexible in Austria regarding delivery. The Austrians are not so business
focused and like to talk around issues instead of solving them. As a consultant you need to be
pushy without loosing the politeness. The working atmosphere is in general good and more
relaxed compared to Germany and Switzerland.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
AT AP
AR
GL
Austrian VAT Reconciliation
Report by Tax Code
Report on taxable transactions in Oracle
Payables, Oracle Receivables and Oracle
General Ledger. This report helps fulfilling the
legal reporting requirement for Austrian tax
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 28
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returns and tax audits for VAT accounting.
Austrian financial authorities require to report
on taxable amounts and on the related taxes
by tax code. The amounts shown in General
Ledger have to be the same as the reported
amounts for later auditing. This report shows
all taxable transactions related to the
according reporting period grouped by tax
code and highlights transactions that have
differences.
AT AP
AR
GL
Austrian VAT Reconciliation
Report by Tax Account
Report VAT exceptions for VAT transactions
output types by tax account that do not
reconcile. This report shows all taxable
transactions related to the reporting period
grouped by tax account and highlights
transactions that have differences. The report
helps you to find out on which accounts the
wrongly taxed transactions are posted.
Additionally, the report helps you find which
adjustments have to be mad, in case the
Austrian VAT Reconciliation Report by Tax
Code shows errors. The report is for
reconciliation purposes and you must not
submit it to the tax authorities.
Switzerland
The Swiss like templates and standards. The scope does not need to be as detailed as in
Germany. The hard working mentality is stronger in the Swiss German part then in the Swiss
French part. A low statutory and legal requirement standard and a liberal law allow straight
forward implementations.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
CH AP Swiss Payables VAT Report Report all Payables transactions that reference
a VAT code. The Swiss Payables VAT report is
ordered by date and shows the tax and net
expense amounts for each invoice by account
code. Recoverable tax amounts appear in the
Material/Service column or the Investment /
Other column, depending on the tax regime to
which the amounts belong. Non-recoverable
tax amounts appear in the Net Amount
column, since you account for non-
recoverable tax as an expense rather than as
a tax. The Swiss Payables VAT report includes
only taxable transactions. Internal
transactions such as contra credit memos are
not included on the report.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 29
Tier 3 countries
The following reports are unique to Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic,
Slovakia, Hungary, Israel, Croatia and Turkey.
Belgium
You will find different mentalities in the Flemish and Dutch speaking part of Belgium. An
inflexible law makes roll outs more difficult compared to France and The Netherlands.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
BE AP
AR
VAT Allocation Rule Define the allocation rules to decide the VAT
box for a transaction. These rules define how
the EMEA VAT Allocation process allocates
amounts from Oracle General Ledger, Oracle
Payables, and Oracle Receivables
transactions to VAT reporting boxes.
BE AP
AR
GL
Belgian VAT Monthly VAT
Preparation report
Use the Belgian VAT Monthly VAT Preparation
report to produce a monthly draft of the VAT
return report. This report shows a box
summary of declared tax and taxable amounts
that you must report. Use this report to
complete the official VAT report that you
submit to Belgian authorities. The report is
ordered by VAT Report Box, Source, Document
Name (with a page break on Period Name),
and VAT Report Box.
BE AR Belgian VAT Annual
Declaration Process report
The Belgian VAT Annual Declaration Process
report selects Invoices, Credit memos and
Debit memos from the Belgian Receivables
customers for all the posted transaction lines.
BE AR Belgian VAT Annual Return
Report
The Belgian VAT Annual Return process uses
the data generated through the Belgian VAT
Annual Declaration process to produce the VAT
Annual Return. The generated Return file is in
ASCII format and suitable for declaration on
disk. The declaration must be accompanied
with a Begeleidingsnota / Note
d'accompagnement.
BE AR Belgian VAT Annual Audit
Report
The Belgian VAT Annual Audit report is a
detailed overview of all transactions related
to Belgian customers for a tax year, reported
according to the parameters that you enter.
This report lets you limit the data you see by
entering the parameters Customer Name
From/To. The Audit report can be different
from the VAT Annual Return depending on
the values that you enter for these parameters.
BE AP Belgian VAT Purchases
Journal
Belgian VAT laws require that Belgian
companies maintain the Belgian VAT Purchases
Journal. This report lists all purchase
documents in sequential order and is mainly
used by VAT authorities during a VAT audit.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 30
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BE AR Belgian VAT Sales Journal Belgian VAT laws require that Belgian
companies maintain the Belgian VAT Sales
Journal. This report lists all sales documents in
sequential order and is mainly used by
VAT authorities during a VAT audit.
Croatia
Since Croatia is an EU member state candidate, the legal and statutory reports will change
towards EU standards.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
CR AP Croatian Vendor Invoice Tax
Report
This report shows the total VAT amount, total
deductible, and non deductible tax amounts.
Ensure that the document sequence is same
for prepayment, standard, and credit note
invoice types.
CR AR Croatia Customer Invoice Tax
report
This report shows the total VAT amount, total
deductible, and non deductible tax amounts.
Specify a tax invoice date and VAT
Transaction type.
Portugal
People and the working atmosphere are in general very friendly and pleasant. Due to strong
legal and statutory requirements, you need to estimate enough contingency in the scope.
There is space of improvement regarding legacy and base data information, i.e. Chart of
Accounts on a Marlboro box instead of having data available in spreadsheets.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
PT GL Portuguese General Ledger
Detail Trial Balance Report
Uses XML Publisher templates. The degree
that you select determines the level of
summary information that appears
for the account codes, period, and balancing
segments that you select.
PT GL Portuguese General Ledger
Summary Trial Balance Report
Displays selected accounts at Degree 1, such
as the summary level. The report displays
only two-digit accounts and aggregates all
associated balances up to this degree level.
PT GL Portuguese General Ledger
Results Trial Balance Report
Displays accounting balances for classes 6, 7,
and 8 accounts (excluding account 88 - Year
Net Result) for Degree 1 through Degree 7.
These classes are associated with trading
accounts. The Portuguese General Ledger
Results Trial Balance report displays
information on the trading position for the
balancing segment that you select.
PT GL Portuguese General Ledger
Begin Year Trial Balance
Report
Excludes classes 6, 7, and 8 (apart from
account 88 - Year Net Result), which are
associated with the company's trading
accounts. At the beginning of the year, only
balance sheet accounts are displayed.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 31
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PT GL Portuguese General Ledger
End Year Trial Balance Report
Report is run after the Results Calculation
because it represents the final year end trial
balance for all accounts except for classes 6
and 7, which are set to zero at the end of the
fiscal year.
PT AP
AR
GL
Portuguese Periodic VAT
report
Use the Portuguese Periodic VAT report to
produce VAT information to help you
complete the statutory periodic (monthly and
quarterly) VAT returns. You can produce total
taxable and tax amounts rounded to the
nearest integer for each of the boxes
identified in the Portuguese Periodic VAT
report.
PT AP
AR
GL
Portuguese Annual VAT report Use the Portuguese Annual VAT report to
complete the statutory Annual VAT return.
You can produce total taxable amounts
rounded to the nearest integer for each of the
boxes identified in the Portuguese Annual VAT
report.
PT AP Portuguese Payables Taxpayer
ID Exception report
The report lists any suppliers who do
not have a taxpayer ID. The report only
selects the customers for whom you inserted
at least one transaction.
PT AP Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative Extract File
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
PT AP Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative Report
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
PT AP Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative report and
Extract File
Use the Portuguese Suppliers Recapitulative
report to provide information required by
government authorities in paper or electronic
format. The file lists Portuguese suppliers
with whom you conducted transactions
greater than a specified value (including VAT).
This report only includes transactions posted
through Oracle Payables. The report does
not include transactions posted directly to
General Ledger. To report in a paper format,
use the Standard Request Submission
windows to submit the Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative report. To report it in ASCII
format, use the Standard Request Submission
windows to submit the Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative Report, with the template
option set to Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative Extract File.
PT AP
AR
GL
VAT Allocation Rule Define the allocation rules to decide the VAT
box for a transaction. These rules define how
the EMEA VAT Allocation process allocates
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 32
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amounts from Oracle General Ledger, Oracle
Payables, and Oracle Receivables
transactions to VAT reporting boxes.
PT AR DFF for Receipt
acknowledgment designation.
Valid values are Yes or No.
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_HZ_CUST_SITE_USES
Context Code: JE.PT.ARXCUDCI.RA
PT AR Receipt Acknowledgment
Letter
Confirm the receipt of any payment from a
customer. Oracle Receivables produces a
separate receipt acknowledgment for each
receipt currency.
PT AR Portuguese Receivables
Taxpayer ID Exception report
Produce a list of all customers without a
taxpayer ID. You can run this report by the
legal entity, ledger, or balancing segment
value. The report only selects the suppliers for
whom you inserted at least one transaction.
PT AR Portuguese Customers
Recapitulative Report
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
PT AR Portuguese Customers
Recapitulative Extract File
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
Or final reporting process for this report.
PT AR Portuguese Customers
Recapitulative Report and
Extract File
Use the Portuguese Customers Recapitulative
report to provide information required by
government authorities in paper or electronic
format. The file lists Portuguese suppliers with
whom you conducted transactions greater
than a specified value (including VAT).
The report only includes transactions posted
through Oracle Receivables. It does not
include transactions posted directly to General
Ledger. To report in a paper format, use the
Standard Request Submission windows to
submit the Portuguese Customers
recapitulative report. To report it in ASCII
format, use the Standard Request Submission
windows to submit the Portuguese Suppliers
Recapitulative report, with the template
option set to Portuguese Customer
Recapitulative Extract File.
Hungary
Hungary has the biggest deviation in the mentality from the Visegrad countries (CZ, SK, PL,
and HU) and has in this view more challenges for implementations. There is a raise in
nationalistic attitude which makes it more difficult to cope with. The language barrier is
another challenge; however most of the Hungarians speak good English.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
HU GL ECE General Ledger VAT
register
Use the ECE General Ledger VAT register to
print all taxable journals that were manually
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 33
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entered in Oracle General Ledger and to
prepare VAT returns for submission to tax
authorities in ECE countries. Set up the VAT
transaction types in the Application Object
Library Lookups window using the
ZX_JEBE_VAT_TRANS_TYPE lookup type.
Hungarian users must set up special VAT
transaction types for any documents that
must be excluded from the register or printed
separately.
HU AP
AR
GL
ECE Payables VAT Register
Unpaid Invoices Annex
Use this annex to supplement the ECE
Payables VAT Register to help prepare VAT
returns for tax authorities in Hungary.
HU AP ECE Payables VAT register The ECE Payables VAT register prints all
taxable invoices that were entered in Oracle
Payables. Hungarians users must set up
special VAT transaction types for any
documents that must be excluded from the
register or printed separately.
HU AP Hungarian Payables Invoice
Aging report
The report helps to analyze the cash flow of
unpaid invoices and your uncleared payments.
The report organizes uncleared items into
time periods that you define, based on the
transaction due date. You can only run the
report in your functional currency.
You need to set up aging periods first.
HU AR Regional Invoice Format Set the JG: Duplicate profile option at the
responsibility level. Ensure naming standards
for transaction types. Assign product fiscal
classifications to inventory items or tax
product categories to standard memo lines, to
represent statistical codes as determined by
the Hungarian government.
HU AR ECE Receivables VAT Register Use the ECE Receivables VAT Register to print
all taxable transactions that were entered in
Receivables. Set up the VAT Transaction
Types in the Application Object Library
Lookups window using the
ZX_JEBE_VAT_TRANS_TYPE lookup type.
Hungarians users must set up special VAT
transaction types for any documents that
must be excluded from the register or printed
separately. Hungarian users must use a tax
code that is assigned to the VAT Transaction
Type for transactions that should be printed in
the Preliminary version of the report.
HU FA Hungarian Asset Movement
Schedule
The report provides a summary of changes to
asset category costs due to additions,
adjustments, revaluations and
reclassifications. The report prints the asset
category cost account and totals for property
type and company. You need to define
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 34
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
property types (tangible, intangible) in the
quick codes window first and assign them to
the Asset Category header. You also need to
assign an asset to a single balancing segment
value.
HU FA Hungarian Accumulated
Depreciation Movement
Schedule
This report shows a summary of all of your
asset depreciation transactions by property
type and by asset category. The report shows
the summary of changes to asset category
accumulated depreciation values due to
additions, adjustments, revaluations and
reclassifications. The report prints the asset
category reserve account and totals for
property type and company. You need to
define property types (tangible, intangible) in
the quick codes window first and assign them
to the Asset Category header. You also need
to assign an asset to a single balancing
segment value.
HU FA Hungarian Depreciation
Analysis report
This report shows summary analysis of all of
your asset depreciation expense transactions
by property type and by asset category for
the period range that you requested. The
report shows the summary of depreciation
expense for different depreciation methods for
each asset category. The Hungarian
Depreciation Analysis report also shows totals
for property type and company. You need to
define property types (tangible, intangible) in
the quick codes window first and assign them
to the Asset Category header. You also need
to assign an asset to a single balancing
segment value.
Turkey
There is a space for improvement in regards to reliability. A scope is worthless if not having
the necessary management support in the project.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
TK GL Turkish Trial Balance Report Equivalent to the General Ledger Trial
Balance Report. Requires account
hierarchy setup to provide balances at
summary level.
France
You cannot start a project in France without having several meetings and discussions, which
often turn to be more philosophical then implementation related. However, it is better to have
single face to face interviews with the stakeholders first before defining the scope. There is
absolutely no chance to succeed in a project without having at least some knowledge of the
French language.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 35
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
FR AP DAS2 file Companies in France that do business with
independent consultants must declare to tax
authorities all payments to consultants each
year for each supplier. These third party
payments include fees, commissions, and
rebates. This report can be submitted to the
tax authorities in a formatted, electronic file.
FR AP DAS2 Verification Report The report is used to verify the supplier
information that is extracted into the DAS2
tables.
FR AP DAS2 Type 210 Updates
Report
The report prints a list of all changes to DAS2
temporary tables that were made using the
DAS2 update windows since the last extract.
FR AP DAS2 Consultant Letters This letter shows the total invoiced amounts
and other DAS2 data that was reported to the
French Tax Authorities for the current year.
FR AR French Receivables Bank
Remittance
In Release 12, you cannot create new bills of
exchange automatic receipts. You can
continue to remit previously existing bills of
exchange receipts using these Bills of
Exchange receipt formats.
FR AP French Deductible VAT
Declaration report
Run this report at the end of each month to
get the deductible VAT amount from each
Payables invoice as well as the corresponding
total VAT amounts for the month. The Option
pour les debits rule states that VAT amounts
become deductible as soon as you receive the
invoice. Tax deduction rules are used by the
codes DEB/M and CRE/M.
FR AP
AR
French Deductible VAT
Declaration Report
Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 36
Czech Republic
The Czechs are more problem then solution orientated and you need to plan quite a big part
of the scope for convictions and persuasions. Change Management needs to be part of each
scope since the Czechs are in general not open towards change. Money incentives are higher
valued then in other countries. The Czechs are extremely good in improvising. People with
graduation before 1989 are more difficult to cope with (ex communist mentality). People with
graduation after 1989 are literate, flexible and more open towards change. There are no
language barriers (good English and German) when dealing with younger people.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
CZ AR Regional Invoice Format Set the JG: Duplicate profile option at the
responsibility level. Ensure naming standards
for transaction types.
Spain
For each scope, things need to be verified since you often find that things are better
presented then they really are. The working atmosphere is in general friendly and pleasant.
The Spanish are more open towards other nationalities and therefore more open towards
change. You need to be more pushy for delivery but at the end of the day, deadlines are met.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
ES AP Modelo 190 Spanish Withholding Tax report and extract.
The Report is available in detail and summary
format.
ES AP Spanish Input VAT Journal
report
Use the Spanish Input VAT Journal report to
gather and report information about VAT
that is charged on invoices and expense
reports entered in Oracle Payables. The
Spanish Input VAT Journal report is required
by Spanish legislation for VAT. The report
consists of two parts: a detailed section,
organized by invoice accounting date and
number, with totals at the end of the section;
and a summary by tax, organized by Tax
Code, with totals at the end of the report.
ES AP Spanish Payables Inter-EU
Operations Summary Data
Extract (Modelo 349)
The Spanish Payables Inter-EU Operations
Summary Data Extract (Modelo 349) is a
summary by supplier of Inter-EC purchases of
physical goods. For transactions that correct
previous declarations, the report separately
lists the relevant suppliers and invoice
amounts with the period and year of the
correction. The report displays invoice totals
for each supplier.
ES AP Spanish Payables Operations
with Third Parties Data Extract
(Modelo 347)
The Spanish Payables Operations with Third
Parties Data Extract (Modelo 347) summarizes
by supplier all domestic purchases and
imports of services. The Spanish Payables
Operations with Third Parties Data Extract
(Modelo 347) includes all purchases that are
not reported on the Spanish Payables Inter-
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 37
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
EU Operations Summary Data Extract (Modelo
349), not reported to customs (such as
movements of goods between the Canary
Islands and the mainland), or not reported on
your income tax withholding declarations
(Modelo 190).
ES AP Spanish Payables Canary
Islands Annual Operations
Data Extract (Modelo 415)
The Spanish Payables Canary Islands Annual
Operations Data Extract (Modelo 415) is a
summary by supplier of domestic purchases
(both goods and services) in the Canary
Islands that are subject to the Canary Islands
VAT regime Impuesto General Indirecto
Canario (IGIC). Total purchases with suppliers
below the specified threshold are not included
in the report.
ES AP
AR
Spanish Inter-EU Invoices
Journal report
Use the Spanish Inter-EU Invoices Journal
report to review the invoices entered and
posted in Oracle Payables that have offset tax
distributions. These invoices normally are
Inter-EU invoices that you receive from
suppliers in other countries within the
European Union. The Spanish Inter-EU
Invoices Journal report displays the
information that would be displayed on the
Spanish Output VAT Journal report (IVA
Recapulativa) if you created the
corresponding self invoices in Oracle
Receivables. You can use this report as a
guide to create the self invoices in Oracle
Receivables or you can simply include this
report along with the standard Spanish Output
VAT Journal report that you send to tax
authorities. Because offset tax codes are
usually defined as fully recoverable, the
Spanish Inter-EU Invoices Journal report
displays the full amounts of offset tax.
ES AP Spanish Inter-EU Invoice
Format (Documento
Equivalente)
Use the Spanish Inter-EU Invoice Format
(Documento Equivalente) to print a self
invoice to justify the inclusion of Inter-EC
goods purchases invoices on both the Spanish
Input VAT Journal report and the Spanish
Output VAT Journal Report. The Spanish
Inter-EU Invoice Format (Documento
Equivalente) prints details of the same
invoices that appear on the Spanish Inter-EU
Invoices Journal Report.
ES AP Spanish Operations with Third
Parties Magnetic Format
(Modelo 347)
The Spanish Operations with Third Parties
Magnetic Format (Modelo 347) provides an
electronic report for submission to the Spanish
government. The report contains operations
with third parties and property rentals over a
specified period whose annual total sales
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 38
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
exceed a threshold designated by the Spanish
government.
ES AP Spanish Inter-EU Operations
Summary Magnetic Format
(Modelo 349)
The Spanish Inter-EU Operations Summary
Magnetic Format (Modelo 349) provides an
electronic report for submission to the Spanish
government. The report is a magnetic format
of all Inter-EC sales and purchases of goods
over a period that you specify.
ES AR AutoInvoice importing
invoices. DFF for Rental
location.
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_RA_CUSTOMER_TRX
Context Code:
JE.ES.ARXTWMAI.MODELO347PR
ES AR AutoInvoice importing
invoices. DFF for the correction
year and correction period
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_RA_CUSTOMER_TRX
Context Code: JE.ES.ARXTWMAI.MODELO349
ES AR AutoInvoice importing
invoices. DFF for property
location.
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_RA_CUSTOMER_TRX
Context Code:
JE.ES.ARXTWMAI.MODELO415_347PR
ES AP
AR
Spanish Periodic Modelo
Reports
Spanish Receivables Canary Islands Annual
Operations Data Extract (Modelo 415)
Spanish Payables Canary Islands Annual
Operations Data Extract (Modelo 415)
Spanish Receivables Operations with Third
Parties Report (Modelo 347)
Spanish Payables Operations with Third
Parties Report (Modelo 347)
Spanish Payables Inter-EU Operations
Summary Data Extract (Modelo 349)
Spanish Receivables Inter-EU Operations
Summary Data Extract (Modelo 349)
ES AR Spanish Output VAT Journal
report
Use the Spanish Output VAT Journal report to
gather and report information about tax on
transactions entered in Oracle Receivables.
The report is required by Spanish authorities.
The Spanish Output VAT Journal report has
two parts: a detailed section, ordered by
invoice accounting date and number of
invoice, with totals at the end of the section;
and a summary by tax, ordered by tax code,
with totals at the end of the report. Oracle
Receivables displays invoices accounted for
with VAT for the balancing segment value that
you choose. If an invoice has several lines
with different tax codes, the lines for the
same tax code are summarized.
ES AR Spanish Receivables Inter-EU
Operations Summary Data
Extract (Modelo 349)
The Spanish Receivables Inter-EU Operations
Summary Data Extract (Modelo 349) is a
summary by customer of Inter-EC sales of
physical goods. For transactions that correct
previous declarations, the report separately
lists the relevant customers and invoice
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 39
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
amounts, with the period and year of the
correction. The report also marks transactions
that are triangulation operations and displays
invoice totals for each customer. Do not enter
tax groups on Modelo 349 invoices.
ES AR Spanish Receivables
Operations with Third Parties
Data Extract (Modelo 347)
The Spanish Receivables Operations with
Third Parties Data Extract (Modelo 347) is a
summary by customer of all domestic sales
and exports of services. The Spanish
Receivables Operations with Third Parties
Data Extract (Modelo 347) includes all sales
that are not reported on the Spanish
Receivables Inter-EU Operations Summary
Data Extract (Modelo 349) or not reported to
customs (such as movements of goods
between the Canary Islands and the
mainland).
ES AR Spanish Receivables Canary
Islands Annual Operations
Data Extract (Modelo 415)
The Spanish Receivables Canary Islands
Annual Operations Data Extract (Modelo 415)
is a summary by customer of domestic sales
(both goods and services) in the Canary
Islands that are subject to the Canary Islands
VAT regime Impuesto General Indirecto
Canario (IGIC). Total sales with customers
below the specified threshold are not included
in the report.
ES AP
AR
Spanish Annual Modelo
Magnetic Format Report
Spanish Canary Islands Annual Operations
Magnetic Format (Modelo 415)
Spanish Operations with Third Parties
Magnetic Format (Modelo 347)
Spanish Inter-EU Operations Summary
Magnetic Format (Modelo 349)
ES AP
AR
Spanish Canary Islands Annual
Operations Magnetic Format
(Modelo 415)
The Spanish Canary Islands Annual
Operations Magnetic Format (Modelo 415)
provides an electronic report for submission to
the Canary Islands tax authorities. The
report is a magnetic format of all IGIC
transactions with local suppliers and
customers, for businesses whose annual total
sales exceeds a threshold amount designated
by the Spanish government. The Spanish
Canary Islands Annual Operations Magnetic
Format must be provided in electronic format
if the number of third parties declared
exceeds 500.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 40
Israel
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
IL AP Israeli Withholding Tax
Detail/Summary Report
This report shows the total payments before
withholding tax, withholding tax deducted
from payments to the vendors, and the
number of vendors that had withholding tax
Deducted.
IL AP Israeli Withholding Tax File
Form 856
The text file lists the withheld tax amounts for
each vendor for the selected reporting period.
Additionally, the file contains the vendors'
personal details and the total amounts on
their transactions including payments,
withholding tax amounts, and liabilities.
IL AP Israeli Withholding Tax
Reconciliation report
Review all payments and related withholding
tax transactions for vendors and vendor sites
for the selected reporting period.
IL AP Israeli Withholding Tax Annual
Certificate to Vendors report
Prepare an annual certificate to vendors on
withheld amounts for the total payments
registered by each vendor during the selected
reporting period. The certificate summarizes
the vendor's transactions with the entity
issuing the certificate.
IL AP Israeli VAT AP Detailed This report displays VAT details for standard,
import, and petty cash transaction categories.
IL AP Israeli VAT Files - Related to
835 and Not Related to 835
Use the VAT File to prepare an ASCII file
(form 835) to submit the monthly VAT file to
the tax authority. Generate the VAT files after
running the Israeli VAT Summary Declaration
to Tax Authority report with the Update
parameter.
IL AP Israeli VAT Summary
Declaration to Tax Authorities
The report provides a summary listing
showing VAT collected by categories for a
selected reporting period, which is usually a
month or bi-month. Use this report to provide
the tax authorities with the summary amounts
for input and output VAT amounts.
IL AR Israeli VAT AR Detailed Report Use the report to view a list of the VAT output
transactions for each month.
Tier 4 countries
The following reports are unique to Italy and Poland.
Poland
Because of the large population, you will find extremely well educated and high calibre people
in the projects. In general, people speak good English and German and are more open
towards change compared to the Czech Republic. There is space of improvement in terms of
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 41
understanding deadlines.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
PL GL General Ledger Journal Entry
Report
Journal entry information reporting
sequence in both subledger and GL required.
GL dates determines sequence.
PL GL Polish General Ledger Trial
Balance Reports
Equivalent to the General Ledger Trial Balance
Report
PL AP Polish Supplier Statement The report shows for each supplier all invoice
transactions within a specified range of dates
for a specified transaction type. The report
groups transactions by currency. The report is
divided into two sections. The first section
lists all transactions, including invoices,
payments, withholdings, and applied
Prepayments, already applied to the supplier
balance. The second section lists unapplied
prepayments to show you what the supplier
balance would be if the remaining amount of
prepayments is applied.
Set a sequence number in the
JG_ZZ_SUPPLIER_STATEMENT_TEXT lookup
type
PL AR AutoInvoice importing
invoices. DFF for Bank Account
Number.
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_RA_CUSTOMER_TRX
Context Code: JE.PL.ARXTWMAI.TAX_DATE
PL AR Regional Invoice Format Set the JG: Duplicate profile option at the
responsibility level. Ensure naming standards
for transaction types. Assign product fiscal
classifications to inventory items or tax
product categories to standard memo lines, to
represent statistical codes as determined by
the Polish government.
PL AR ECE Receivables VAT Register Use the ECE Receivables VAT Register to print
all taxable transactions that were entered in
Receivables. Polish users must set up a single,
exclusive VAT transaction type for deferred
tax transactions. Enter a tax code at the
transaction line level. Polish users should
ensure that a single, exclusive VAT
transaction type is used for deferred tax
transactions.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 42
Italy
Italy has some rigorous legal and statutory requirements which make every implementation a
challenge. Italians are open towards change and it is easy to work with them. In general,
people speak good English but meetings tend to end up in Italian so it is required to
understand some Italian in order to survive a project.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
IT AP Italian Payables Withholding
Tax Letter
The Italian Payables Withholding Tax Letter
displays the amount of withholding tax for
each withholding tax rate applied to the
invoices, along with the net amount that was
paid for these invoices. The letter shows both
the withheld amounts paid to the IRPEF
(Imposta sui Redditi delle Persone Fisiche)
withholding tax authority and the amounts
paid to the INPS (Istituto Nazionale
Previdenza Sociale) social security fees tax
Authority. The Italian Payables Withholding
Tax Letter prints all amounts in the set of
Books ledger currency regardless of the
invoice currency.
IT AR Italian Remittance EFT Format Produce a file that contains an automatic
Remittance for an Italian open bills of
exchange. This remittance format is sent to
the bank to initiate the transfer of funds.
This EFT format is made up of a header
record, detail records that describe the
receipts and an end record.
IT AP Italian Annual Supplier Listing Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
or final reporting process for this report.
IT AR Italian Annual Customer Listing Not all VAT reports support the final reporting
mode. Hence, you need not run the EMEA
VAT: Selection process, allocation process
Or final reporting process for this report.
IT AP Italian Exemptions In Italy, export transactions are exempted
from VAT, but companies that are classified
as regular exporters have more input VAT
than output VAT. Italian law lets you claim
Exemption if you meet certain legal
requirements.
IT AP Italian Payables Exemption
Limit Manager
Set up a new exemption limit year and to
adjust the exemption limit. This program
creates a 12 month calendar from January to
December for the year that you enter.
IT AP Italian Annual Supplier Listing
report
Use the Italian Annual Supplier Listing report
to print the total value of invoices received
from Italian suppliers that have valid VAT
registration numbers. The Italian Annual
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 43
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
Supplier Listing report includes all invoices
posted to General Ledger in the fiscal year
that you select. These invoices are printed on
two lines with separate totals for invoices
entered with dates in the fiscal year reported
and invoices with dates in a prior year but
posted to General Ledger in the year
reported. The Italian Annual Supplier Listing
report does not include self invoices or fuel
cards. Custom bills are reported as a separate
line on the last page of the report. The report
is ordered by VAT registration number. The
Italian Annual Supplier Listing report is printed
on pre-printed stationery. You can generate
these printed report headings by running the
Italian Statutory Headings report.
IT AP Italian Purchase VAT Register Use the Italian Purchase VAT Register report
to print all invoices that have General Ledger
dates within the period range that is being
reported. These invoices are assigned to the
document sequence name for the VAT
register name that you selected. Both
preliminary and final reports show invoices
that were accounted, unaccounted, or both
based on the accounting status option chosen
while running the EMEA VAT: Selection
process. Final process, however, marks the
invoices so that these invoices are not
included in subsequent runs of the report.
Only invoice lines with an assigned tax code
are included in the Italian Purchase VAT
Register report. The report displays the
Recoverable and non-recoverable elements of
both the tax and taxable amounts. The Italian
Purchase VAT Register report is run in the
ledger currency of your ledger. The report is
ordered by sequence name, accounting date,
and document sequence number. A summary
of invoice totals by tax rate and a grand total
are printed at the end of the report. The
Italian Purchase VAT Register report is printed
on pre-printed stationery. You can generate
these printed report headings by running the
Italian Statutory Headings report.
IT AP Italian Payables Purchase VAT
Register Annex
The Italian Payables Purchase VAT Register
Annex lists the full names of the suppliers
that are printed on the current execution of
the Italian Purchase VAT Register. The
Italian Purchase VAT Register may contain
some truncated supplier names, so the
Italian Payables Purchase VAT Register Annex
lists the full supplier names for government
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 44
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
reporting.
IT AP Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register (Self Invoices, EEC,
VAT)
Use the Italian Payables Sales VAT Register
report to print a sales VAT register for all
European Union invoices or all self invoices
that have General Ledger dates within the
period range being reported and are:
Issued according to article 17 D.P.R. 633/72
Posted to General Ledger
Assigned to the document sequence name
for the VAT register name that you selected
Both preliminary and final reports show
invoices that were accounted, unaccounted,
or both based on the accounting status option
chosen while running the EMEA VAT Selection
process. Final process, however, marks the
invoices so that these invoices are not
included in subsequent runs of the report. For
the invoices, the Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register report displays the recoverable and
non-recoverable elements of both the tax and
taxable amounts. Only invoice lines with an
assigned tax code are included in the Italian
Payables Sales VAT Register report. The
Italian Payables Sales VAT Register report is
run in the ledger currency for your ledger.
The report is ordered by document sequence
number within sequence name. A summary of
invoice totals by tax rate and a grand total are
printed at the end of the Italian Payables
Sales VAT Register report. The Italian
Payables Sales VAT Register report is printed
on pre-printed stationery. You can generate
these printed report headings by running the
Italian Statutory Headings report.
IT AP Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register Annex (Self Invoices,
EEC, VAT)
The Italian Payables Sales VAT Register Annex
(Self Invoices, EEC, VAT) lists the full names
of the suppliers that are printed on the
current execution of the Italian Payables Sales
VAT Register. The Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register may contain some truncated supplier
names, so the Italian Payables Sales VAT
Register Annex (Self Invoices, EEC, VAT) lists
the full supplier names for government
reporting.
IT AP
AR
Italian Payables Summary VAT
Report
Use the Italian Payables Summary VAT report
to print a summary of the taxable amount and
VAT amount by tax code for each VAT type
and VAT register for the period that you
select. You can print the Italian Payables
Summary VAT report for transactions in both
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 45
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
Oracle Payables and Oracle Receivables. The
Italian Payables Summary VAT report is only
available if the final VAT registers are printed
in the subledgers.
IT AP Italian Payables Exemption
Letter Process
Use the Italian Payables Exemption Letter
process to generate and print an exemption
letter for each record. Send exemption letters
to instruct suppliers not to include VAT on
invoices that are sent to you. The
transmission of this letter is recorded in
Oracle Payables, along with details of the
period that the letter applies to and the type
of company that the letter is sent to. Each
letter is given a unique sequential number
within a calendar year. The Print check box in
the Exemption Letters window must be
checked for the letter to print.
IT AP Italian Payables Exemption
Letter Register
Use the Italian Payables Exemption Letter
Register to list all exemption letters issued
within a given month, such as letters that
have gone through the Italian Payables
Exemption Letter process.
IT AP Italian Supplier Exemption
Limit Consumption report
Use the Italian Supplier Exemption Limit
Consumption report to monitor the monthly
consumption of the exemption limit. The
report provides details about suppliers and
their monthly consumption of the exemption
limits that you assigned to them. The report
selects all approved invoices with an invoice
header General Ledger date that corresponds
to the month and year that you select in the
Month/Year parameter.
IT AP Italian Payables Exemption
Limit Declaration report
Use the Italian Payables Exemption Limit
Declaration report to print the information
that you need to report your VAT exemption
limit declarations to your tax authorities. The
report provides information on the monthly
consumption of the exemption limit by each
exemption limit group in a calendar year. The
Italian Payables Exemption Limit Declaration
report includes only invoices that were
submitted in the Final report mode by the
Italian Purchase VAT Register report. The
information for each month is also printed on
the Italian Payables Summary VAT report.
IT AR Italian Annual Customer Listing
report
Use the Italian Annual Customer Listing report
to print the total value of invoices received
from Italian customers that have valid VAT
registration numbers. The Italian Annual
Customer Listing report includes all invoices
posted to General Ledger in the fiscal year
that you select. These invoices are printed on
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 46
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
two lines with separate totals for invoices
entered with dates in the fiscal year reported
and invoices with dates in a prior year but
posted to General Ledger in the year
reported. This report is ordered by VAT
registration number. The Italian Annual
Customer Listing report is printed on pre-
printed stationery.
IT AR Italian Receivables Sales VAT
Register report
Use the Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register
report to print all invoices that have general
ledger dates within the date range that is
reported and are assigned to the document
sequence name for the VAT register name
that you selected. Preliminary reports show
unaccounted, accounted, or both. The final
process marks the invoices so that these
invoices are not included in subsequent runs
of the report. Only invoice lines with an
assigned tax code are included in Italian
Receivables Sales VAT Register report. The
report is run in the ledger currency of your
ledger. The report is ordered by document
sequence number within sequence name. A
summary of invoice totals by tax rate and a
grand total are printed at the end of the
report. The Italian Receivables Sales VAT
Register report is printed on preprinted
stationery.
IT AR Italian Receivables Sales VAT
Register Annex
The Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register
Annex lists the full names of the customers
that are printed on the current execution of
the Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register.
The Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register
may contain some truncated customer names,
so the Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register
Annex lists the full customer names for
government reporting.
IT AR Italian Receivables Deferred
VAT Register report
Use the Italian Receivables Deferred VAT
Register report to print all invoices that
reference a deferred type tax code, are
accounted and have general ledger dates
within the date range being reported and are
assigned to the document sequence name for
the VAT Register Name that you selected.
Preliminary reports show accounted,
unaccounted, or both invoices. The final
process marks the invoices so that these
invoices are not included in subsequent runs
of the report. Only invoice lines with an
assigned tax code are included in the Italian
Receivables Deferred VAT Register report. The
report is run in the ledger currency of your
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 47
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
ledger. The Italian Receivables Deferred VAT
Register report is ordered by document
sequence number within sequence name. The
report lists all invoices with deferred VAT and
all cash receipt applications and adjustments
that caused the VAT to be reclassified from
deferred to due. At the end of the report are
two summary sections: one for VAT issued
and deferred, and one for VAT that is due.
Deferred VAT invoices, but not receipts and
adjustments, are required to be reported on
the Sales VAT Register as well, at the time
of invoice issue. The summaries display totals
by tax rate and print a grand total. In Italy,
deferred VAT is applicable only when trading
with the public sector. Only public or private
organizations trading with the public sector
are allowed to defer VAT on invoices issued
against public sector customers. The Italian
Receivables Deferred VAT Register report is
printed on pre-printed stationery.
IT AR Italian Receivables Deferred
VAT Register Annex
The Italian Receivables Deferred VAT Register
Annex lists the full names of the customers
that are printed on the current execution of
the Italian Receivables Deferred VAT Register.
The Italian Receivables Deferred VAT Register
may contain some truncated customer names,
so the Italian Receivables Deferred VAT
Register Annex lists the full customer names
for government reporting.
IT AP
AR
GL
FA
Italian Statutory Headings
Report
Use the Italian Statutory Headings report to
print the official heading that appears on all
statutory reports in Italy. The heading
contains company information such as the
company's name, address, taxpayer ID, and
VAT registration number that you entered as
the legal entity registration information. After
the tax authority approves the header
information for your company, this header
must appear on all your statutory official
company reports. You can prepare a set of
documents for each statutory report that you
require for the calendar year. The Italian
Statutory Headings report prints a sequential
page number on each sheet. If necessary, you
can print additional sheets beginning from the
next page number in the sequence.
Use the Italian Statutory Headings report for:
Italian Purchasing Packing Slip
Italian Annual Supplier Listing
Italian Purchase VAT Register
Italian Payables Sales VAT Register
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 48
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
Italian Payables Summary VAT Report
Italian Inventory Packing Slip
Italian Receivables Sales VAT Register
Italian Receivables Deferred VAT Register
Italian Annual Customer Listing
Italian Asset Register
Italian Bills of Exchange Format
Italian Banking Transfer Order
Italian Exemption Letter Register
IT AP
AR
GL
Sequence Numbering Define an unlimited number of sequences,
fixing the initial value for each sequence
and the Applications that may use them.
Choose if the sequence numbers must be
automatically generated by Oracle Financials,
gapless, or manually assigned by you. Define
a time period during which these sequences
can generate or have numbers assigned.
Define an unlimited number of document
categories. There are, however, a number
of default categories that come with the
installation. Combine one or more documents
categories with a definite sequence. Define a
time period during which this combination is
valid.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 49
Tier 5 countries
The following reports are unique to Greece. Depending on the EU enlargement, other
countries might follow.
Greece
Greece is the most difficult country to implement in Europe and can be taken as a benchmark
for the success of a Pan European roll out. If you manage Greece, you manage them all.
Apart from the tomorrow mentality, the legal and statutory requirements are so rigorous,
that you need to plan a time factor 4 for implementation compared to the average
implementation of another European country.
Ctr FIN Report / Feature Comments
GR GL Greek Fiscal Trial Balance
Report
Equivalent to the General Ledger Trial Balance
Report
GR GL Greek Fiscal Trial Balance File Uses XML Publisher templates
GR GL Greek General Ledger Trial
Balance Report
Uses XML Publisher templates
GR GL Greek Statutory Trial Balance
Report
Uses XML Publisher templates
GR GL Parent Account Structure such
as class, sub-class and group
Statutory account class hierarchy is required
for the Char of Accounts
GR GL Cutoff Rules 15 days rule for posting and 4 months rule for
adjustments. Use the JEGR: Default Cutoff
Days profile option to set the default number
of cutoff days. The system uses this default
when no cutoff rule is defined.
GR AP
AR
Supplier / Customer turnover
rules
Exclusion rules let you specify the supplier
type/customer class, invoice/transaction
types, or invoice/transaction distribution line
types that you want to exclude from your
Payables and Receivables turnover reporting.
GR AP Greek Payables Supplier
Turnover Listing and Greek
Payables Supplier
Turnover File Format
Report on the turnover (purchase
accumulation) of your suppliers. You run the
Greek Payables Supplier Turnover Listing and
File Format together as part of the Greek
Payables Supplier Turnover Report Set. Set GL
Ledger and JG Profiles at the responsibility
level.
GR AR Greek Receivables Customer
Turnover Listing and Greek
Receivables Customer
Turnover File Format
Report on the sales turnover (sales
accumulation) of your customers. You run the
Greek Receivables Customer Turnover Listing
and File Format together as part of the Greek
Receivables Customer Turnover Report Set.
Set GL Ledger and JG Profiles at the
responsibility level.
GR AR DFF for public sector company
Reporting. Valid values are
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_HZ_CUST_ACCOUNTS
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Yes or No.
GR AR DFF for Receipt
acknowledgment designation.
Valid values are Yes or No.
Global Descriptive Flexfield:
JG_HZ_CUST_SITE_USES
Context Code: JE.GR.ARXCUDCI.RA
GR AR Receipt Acknowledgment
Letter
Confirm the receipt of any payment from a
customer. Oracle Receivables produces a
separate receipt acknowledgment for each
receipt currency.
GR AP
AR
GL
FA
Greek Statutory Headings
Report
Use the Greek Statutory Headings report to
print the official heading that appears on all
statutory reports in Greece. The heading
contains company information that you
entered as the legal entity registration
information. After the tax authority approves
the header information for your company, this
header must appear on all your statutory
official company reports. You can prepare a
set of documents for each statutory report
that you require for the calendar year. The
Greek Statutory Headings report prints a
sequential page number on each sheet. If
necessary, you can print additional sheets
beginning from the next page number in the
sequence. Use the Standard Request
Submission windows to submit the Greek
Statutory Headings report from General
Ledger, Oracle Payables, Oracle Receivables,
or Oracle Assets.
GR GL The 15-Day Posting Rule Accounting entries in Greece must comply
with a statutory limited-period posting rule.
This requirement prohibits the validation and
posting of accounting data after a specified
number of days, counted from the system
date of the transaction. The current specified
number of days is 15. The 15-day posting rule
requires that the accounting date for all
entries fall within 15 days of the current
system date. If the accounting date falls
outside of this period, you must change the
entry's date for the system to validate the
transaction. The 15-day posting rule applies to
journal entries made directly into General
Ledger and imported from feeder systems.
Journals not posted within the rule period,
regardless of the source, are invalidated, and
do not complete the posting process.
GR FA The 15-Day Posting Rule Journals that are generated in Oracle Assets
are subject to the 15-day posting rule once
imported into General Ledger. Once journals
are transferred to General Ledger, the
depreciation journal and other asset
accounting journals are subject to same
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posting restrictions placed on General Ledger
journals. Users, however, must verify that
accounting entries generated in Oracle Assets
are transferred to General Ledger in a timely
manner.
GR GL
INV
15-Day Posting Rule
Exceptions
Allocation journals Allocated journals, or
analytical accounts, are derived from the
allocation process, which is run after the
subledgers and General Ledger are completed
for the period. Journals can remain unposted
up until the end of the following period.
Adjustment period journals Transactions
posted to adjustment periods can remain
unposted for a period of up to four months.
Inventory transactions You must complete
inventory accounting entries within a
10-day period.
GR AP
AR
GL
CE
Accounting Sequence
Numbering
The Greek accounting requirement specifies
that each accounting transaction entered in
General Ledger, Payables, Receivables, and
Cash Management must carry a unique
sequential number at the header level. This
number is called an accounting sequence
number. The accounting sequence number is
assigned when the transaction is complete,
which lets Oracle Financials show all
accounting entries in a date/accounting entry
and sequence number order that is required
by Greek authorities for statutory reporting.
Accounting sequence numbering also ensures
that no gaps exist in accounting entries, due
to user error for example. Accounting
sequence numbering in each application must
comply with these legal requirements:
The numbers are unique within a ledger.
Each entry within each ledger must have a
unique number.
The numbers are automatically allocated
upon posting.
No gaps exist in the sequence of numbers
allocated.
For statutory reports, transactions are listed
in date and sequence number order.
Accounting entries for the Opening and
Closing Fiscal Year transactions must have
a different numbering convention from other
accounting entries.
Once a number is assigned to a transaction,
the user cannot alter the transaction or the
number.
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GR GL Analytical Accounting Greek companies must record and report the
cost effect of certain accounting transactions,
generally Profit and Loss transactions, in
greater detail, in additional Group 9 accounts.
These Group 9 accounts are reported on in
selected General Ledger statutory reports.
In this way, analytical accounting lets Greek
companies report on the nature and purpose
of their revenue and expenses and simulate a
monthly close process. Analytical accounting
involves the parallel processing of transactions
affecting certain General Ledger accounts with
the Group 9 accounts.
GR FA Investment Law
(EPENDYTIKOS NOMOS) and
Commitment (DESMEYSEIS)
Storage
Greek law requires the storage of Asset
Investment Law and Commitment Information
for each asset when you enter assets. This
law requires companies to reflect additional
information items within asset accounts, such
as information about whether or not each
asset was purchased under favourable
investment law provisions and whether each
fixed asset has legal burdens.
GR AP
AR
GL
FA
Company Statutory
Information Storage
Greek law requires Greek companies to store
information about themselves in their financial
applications, which is used to create the Greek
Statutory Headings Report. The statutory
header, once printed, is endorsed and
stamped by the Greek tax authorities. The
company in turn prints all official versions of
reports on government-certified statutory
report paper. The statutory header contains
the legal entity registration information that
you record using the Legal Entity
Configurator.
GR AP
AR
GL
FA
Company Statutory Report
Headings Report
You can divide Greek reporting requirements
into two categories: official reports, printed on
official paper with the company statutory
header and required by the Greek tax
authority, and official reconciliation reports,
required by the company and auditors.
Statutory Header Reports are used by Greek
companies to print their official reports for the
tax authority. These Header Reports must
comply with the Greek statutory report format
defined by Greek tax authorities. The official
reports must contain specific company
information and a pre-printed sequence
number. To help companies format Header
Reports and display the appropriate
information, Greek tax authorities produced a
standard report header template. Companies
must use this template when devising the
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layout of their own official report headers.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 54
CONCLUSIONS
With the approach of the European Union to increase the number of member states, the
intention is given to harmonize and standardize the legal and statutory requirements. This will
lead into an easier implementation, where local legal requirements will be replaced by
common European law.
Fig. 3: EU member states
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 55
Oracle Localization Guides
For Slovakia and the Baltic countries, such as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, there are no
Oracle Country Guides available, which makes Oracle implementations more difficult.
Oracle Localization Quality
Since Oracle has underestimated the importance of localizations, it is beyond the capability of
its core competitor SAP regarding local and specific country features. This means that almost
none of the country localizations are error free. In every European Roll out, knowledge of
Oracles TAR, SRs and Metalink as well as a good and in-depth relation to Oracle Support is
key in order to fix the localizations bugs.
Technical Skills to support European Roll outs
If technical support is outsourced for European rollouts off shore, i.e. via Indian companies,
the required skill level is not sufficient. Indian companies are strong with providing masses of
consultants; however, the quality of the work has not changed for the last 15 years.
In long term thinking, it costs more when low priced labour is hired since it will take much
longer to fix the technical issues, especially since Oracle has not managed to have error free
localizations for Europe. Often the client has to accept manual work around since the
technical resolutions are not delivered when the countries go live.
Currencies
For countries such as the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Poland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway
and the Baltic countries, such as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the functional currencies are
not Euro, which makes implementations and visibility at European Level more complex.
Roll out plan
A customer has to decide whether it is more useful to do a staged or a big bang roll out. The
advantage of a staged roll out is that you can start with Tier 1 countries for an
implementation to achieve quick wins. In addition you can take the lessons learned from each
country rolled out into the next Tier2 country to roll out and so on. This is a more in depth
but also costly approach. On the other hand you can favour the big bang approach where for
example you implement all countries simultaneously and set the go live date i.e. January 1
st

for all countries. This is difficult when implementing Greece and Italy amongst other
countries. We recommend having at least some roll out waves, where you implement the
more difficult countries in a later stage where you have the experience from the previous roll
outs.
Language skills of the delivery team
If local language is not available within the customer facing delivery team, the fiction loss and
expectation discrepancies become a risk to the success of the project. If consultants speak
the local language, customer acceptance is higher and the work delivered is more efficient.
From an overall project perspective, an expensive but high skilled multi lingual consultant
saves more costs when doing European Roll outs.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 56
Global Accounting Engine
GAE is required for countries such as France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain in Oracle
Release 11i. This increases the time and complexity of implementing Oracle.
SAB 101 Revenue Recognition
As part of the GAE, European Implementations face issues and enhancements regarding
better Compliance with revenue recognition rules such as (SAB 101). This has also to do with
tighter revenue recognition rules and the potential risk of overstating revenue.
VAT Compliance Issues
As part of the GAE, European Implementations face issues and enhancements regarding
country specific VAT compliance requirements.
Commissionaire Accounting
As part of the GAE, European Implementations face issues and enhancements regarding
country specific commissionaire Accounting requirements.
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 57
DATA PROTECTION
Developments of a frontier free Internal Market and of the so called 'information society'
increase the cross-frontier flows of personal data between Member States of the EU. In order
to remove potential obstacles to such flows and to ensure a high level of protection within the
EU, data protection legislation has been harmonised. The EU Commission also engages in
dialogues with non-EU countries in order to insure a high level of protection when exporting
personal data to those countries. It also initiates studies on the development on European
and international level on the state of data protection.
Data protection is highly developed in the EU. The central piece of legislation is
Directive 95/46, which regulates the protection of individuals with regard to the processing
of personal data and the free movement of such data. Implemented into national laws, the
Directive applies to all EU Member States as well as to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
Regulation 45/2001 lays down the same rights and obligations on the level of the EC
institutions and bodies. It also establishes the EDPS as independent supervisory authority
with the task of ensuring that the Regulation is complied with.
Country Link
European Union www.edps.eu.int
EU Directives http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/fsj/privacy/law/index_en.htm
Data Protection Guides
per country
http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/fsj/privacy/guide/index_en.htm
Estonia www.dp.gov.ee/
Greece www.dpa.gr
United Kingdom www.ico.gov.uk/
Latvia www.dvi.gov.lv/
Lithuania www.ada.lt//
Austria www.dsk.gv.at/
Poland www.giodo.gov.pl/en/
Slovakia www.dataprotection.gov.sk
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 58
RECOMMENDATIONS
1. Get executive support
Given that you have decided to implement Oracle Applications, this is probably the last time
you will replace your legacy systems in your countries unless major changes such as spin
offs, takeovers or other non system related changes occur. Any future changes are likely to
be enhancements or upgrades to the chosen platform. Investing in an ERP solution is a major
commitment, hence you must understand the true significance of what you have taken on.
Not only the top corporate and European Management must stand behind the project, but
also the country management needs to be in line with the executive sponsorship. If this is not
granted, the project will fail. Senior executives approve the budget and provide the focus
across all business units to negotiate compromises and make cross business integration
happen.
2. Keep it simple
Keep focusing on delivering specific business objectives. Consider quick wins and critical
mass. Do implement countries such as Slovakia, Poland, Baltic countries before Greece or
Italy. Never implement Greece in the beginning of a project, i.e. 2
nd
or 3
rd
country in a roll
out. You must have enough experience and lessons learned from the previous rolled out
countries before implementing Greece, Italy, Spain and Poland. It is recommended to
implement Greece always as the last country in Europe. Keep it simple. Keep it short. Keep it
focused.
3. Start with the Processes
Processes are often the key challenge in implementations and the most impacted area of
change. Apply metrics to improvements in these processes, not the system. Start with the
processes in the implementation and highlight the country specific parts. Do not think of
Oracle Application as a software application think of it as a business initiative whose goal is
to streamline, redefine or otherwise modify key business processes. Identify gaps between
standard Oracle processes and country specific processes. Ensure that gaps can be met with
an accepted manual workaround, avoid extensive customizations.
4. Become Business Driven
Most Oracle Applications implementations are founded on detailed business cases which are
frequently thoroughly researched and reviewed. However, these documents rarely see the
light of day after the capital expenditure approval. Business executives must take ownership
and play a leadership role in the Oracle Applications initiative to avoid gaps between intent
and reality. Due to the fast change and ongoing acquisitions in todays business environment,
it is vital that the company knows who owns which part of the project and that change is
communicated well. Therefore, managing the benefits means also managing changes in the
organization, which may affect the attainability of promised benefits (positively or negatively).
I would recommend that the business case is treated as a living document and used as an
effective project management tool. Scope management needs to incorporate the effect on
benefits as well as the effect on cost and time for each single European country roll out. The
business case document needs to be re-evaluated at major milestones, i.e. going live or a
European country, restating the expected benefits as well as the expected costs.
5. Involve Users Early
The local users know the current processes and not just the obvious, typical Oracle standard
scenarios. They also know all of the work-around for scenarios that happen only once a day,
week or month. It is vital, that you get their knowledge and buy in, and the earlier you
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 59
include them in the development, the more successful you will be.
6. Hire Real Package Experts
Many Oracle Applications projects run into difficulty because the wrong people are allocated
from the organization. Finding experts, internal or external, who really understand the ins and
outs of Oracle Applications will save time, avoid mistakes, and make the whole process less
stressful. For European projects, the consultants must know the different local processes,
localizations, legal and statutory requirements, languages and have at least multiple
European roll out experience.
7. Recruit Real Business Experts
How can you manage the change effectively? Many organizations underestimate the impact
that their European Roll out will have on people, roles, required skills and the organizational
structure as a whole. For the Oracle Applications roll out to be successful in Europe, you need
people who know how to apply the tool to your business and how to interpret the data that
comes out of it. As this is different from every single country in Europe, hiring people from
outside Europe for functional or technical roles, such as India or China, is professional suicide.
For European Roll outs, Russian developers are better suited than developers from overseas
countries. A tool in the hands of a skilled craftsman can produce a masterpiece, but the tool
is not the talent.
8. Train Users Well
Members whose Oracle Applications initiatives failed point to lack of end-user training as the
key critical missing element. Though enthusiasm is high when the project begins and the
dollars flow, do not let the weariness of a long implementation overshadow the need for local
training. If this training is held in the local European language of the country implemented,
the better. The benefits will outweigh the investment.
9. Use Reliable Technology and be aware of the organizational impact
Many organizations resist the level of integration delivered and encouraged by Oracle
Applications and attempt to retain the existing organizational structure. So it is not only about
technology, it is also about embracing integration. Avoid functional departments to retain as
they are and senior management roles to remain unchanged. Integration will challenge the
boundaries between traditional functional departments and will place information directly at
the fingertips of operational staff, thereby reducing the reliance on administration support
staff. I recommend considering significant changes to your organization structure and
management roles in order to extract the maximum benefits from the new Oracle system.
When choosing a software package, you need to ensure that the package is scalable, reliable
and flexible. Since your system is deployed to manage mission critical processes, you need to
run it from a single instance and not having multiple environments. Also you need to have a
trustworthy and open culture regarding accessing and managing test and production systems.
If the system or access fails, regardless of technological or political reasons, the business
fails. Its that simple.
10. Outsource with care
Always plan the end of the project before you start. Many organizations fail to consider the
long term implications of introducing Oracle Applications until the end of the project and
thereby degrade the outcome of the project. Outsourcing is often seen as a cost saving
option for ERP initiatives, but be careful. When using the short minded cost saving approach
of hiring low cost technical labour, i.e. from India, the reality will show the opposite.
Problems can emerge if the relationship between the outsourcing and the in-house team is
not extremely well defined. Delivery failures and delays are happening when poor skills are
provided from the outsourcing company, which is often the case when doing European roll
Complexity of European Roll outs of the Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and R12 2009 Page 60
outs. It is an illusion when you think that you can rely on cost savings from cheap overseas
labour. Also, the cost of know how transfer from the functional team, the control of the
deliverables, the correction runs (average 5-7 runs for 1 problem to fix) and the time doing
this will increase the cost of a project. On an average, projects using this approach have
duration and cost excesses of 300%. To avoid finger pointing, clearly document the
anticipated interfaces, hand-offs and deliverables.