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Title

3-D, 2-story steel frame pushover analysis


Description

Given is a steel-frame building structure consisted of 2X2 bays in plan and two stories in
height. The structural system is basically a moment resisting frame, which is supplemented
by vertical bracings in the X-direction. The second floor is constructed with concrete on
metal deck, which is assumed to retain a rigid diaphragm behavior. The roof deck contains
no concrete, which is assumed to be flexible in the in-plane direction.

We will examine the capacity spectrum of the structure by means of a lateral load and
displacement curve through Pushover analysis.








Verification Example


2
Z
X
Y
24'
24'
2
4
'
2
4
'
1
2
'
1
2
'
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Origin of the global
coordinates





















(a) Roof plan (b) Second floor plan

Structural geometry and analysis model



Y
24' 24'
W24x55 W16x26
W16x26 W16x26
W24x55 W16x26
W8x58
W8x31 W8x58 W8x58
W8x58
W14x132
W14x132
W14x132
W14x132
X
24' 24'
W24x55 W16x26
W18x40 W18x40
W24x55 W16x26
W8x58
W8x31 W8x58 W8x58
W8x58
W14x132
W14x132
W14x132
W14x132
Y
X




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Model

Analysis Type
3-D pushover analysis

Unit System
ft, kip

Dimension
Length 48 ft Width 48 ft Height 24 ft

Element
Truss element
Beam element
Plate element

Material
Modulus of elasticity E
c
= 5.184E+05 kip/ft
2

E
s
= 4.176E+06 kip/ft
2

Poissons ratio = 0.3

Section
Elements 1, 2, 12, 13, 26, 27, 37, 38 : AISC, W14x132
Elements 3, 6, 8, 11, 28, 31, 33, 36 : AISC, W8x58
Elements 7, 32 : AISC, W8x31
Elements 17, 22 : AISC, W24x62
Elements 14, 25, 39, 58 : AISC, W24x55
Elements 45, 52 : AISC, W21x44
Elements 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23 : AISC, W18x40
Elements 41, 43, 46, 51, 56, 54 : AISC, W18x35
Elements 15, 24, 40, 48, 49, 57 : AISC, W16x26
Elements 4, 5, 9, 10 : AISC, TS5x5x1/4
Elements 29, 30, 34, 35 : AISC, TS4x4x1/4

Boundary Condition
Nodes 19 : Constrain Dx, Dy and Dz (hinge support).
Nodes 14 : Constrain Dx, Dy and Rz of all nodes at the 2nd level to this node.
(Master node)




Verification Example


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Analysis Case
The target displacement of Pushover Analysis at the node 19 is 0.96ft in the X-
direction.
P-Delta Analysis is reflected in Pushover Analysis.
The load type of Pushover Analysis is the Static Load Case type defined by the user.


Results

Unit: kip, ft
Step Monitored Displ. Resultant Base React.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
0
4.80e-002
9.60e-002
1.44e-001
1.92e-001
2.40e-001
2.88e-001
3.36e-001
3.84e-001
4.32e-001
4.80e-001
5.28e-001
5.76e-001
6.24e-001
6.72e-001
7.20e-001
7.68e-001
8.16e-001
8.64e-001
9.12e-001
9.60e-001
0
2.85e+001
5.70e+001
8.55e+001
1.14e+002
1.26e+002
1.36e+002
1.45e+002
1.55e+002
1.57e+002
1.58e+002
1.59e+002
1.60e+002
1.61e+002
1.62e+002
1.63e+002
1.64e+002
1.65e+002
1.66e+002
1.67e+002
1.68e+002

Node: 19 (Dir.: D
X
)
Max: 1.68e+002 at 9.6e-001
Min: 0.00e+000 at 0.00e+000




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Monitored Displ. vs. Resultant Base React Curve



















Hinge Properties (Step: 20)























Verification Example


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Comparison of Results

Monitored Displ. vs. Resultant Base React.
Unit: kip, ft

Base Shear
Displacement
SAP 2000 MIDAS/Gen
0.096 57 56
0.186 110 112
0.240 127 128
0.336 147 147
0.375 155 157
0.413 159 159
0.509 161 160
0.605 163 162
0.701 165 165
0.797 167 167
0.893 169 169
0.960 170 170

Monitored Displ. vs. Resultant Base React Curve




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Reference

SAP 2000 Getting Started, Tutorial Manual, Version 7.0, Computers and Structures, Inc.,
Berkeley, California, USA, 1998, Detailed Tutorial Including Pushover Analysis.