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Power System Operation & Control Lecture no Sl. Topic No.

Proposed Date 8th July 4:00 -5:00PM

Load Frequency control


Lecture #1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Introduction to Power System- Structure Indian Power System Major concern in power system- Economics, operation &control Linking of the units in the subject Power system control- voltage and frequency Introduction to Load Frequency Control Need of LFC and Types of frequency control Flat, Parallel, Tie-line and Selective frequency control Relaization of LFC in thermal Power Plant Components of ALFC (Rotating mass, Power system, Speed Governing System) Modelling of Speed Governing system Turbine Model Generator- Load Model Primary ALFC

Lecture #2

9th July

3:00-5:00PM

Lecture #3

9th July

3:00 -5:00PM 9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM 9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM

Lecture#4

11th July

15 Steady State analysis of Primary ALFC loop 16 Dynamic response Lecture#5 17 18 19 20 21 Primary ALFC- Numerical Secondary ALFC-block diagram, Features of Controller Dynamic analysis Economic operation- Tertiary ALFC Load dispatch control & Economic dispatch 22 Concept of Control Area 23 Advantages and diasadvantages of interconnection 24 Two Area Load Frequency Control- Steady state Analysis 25 Area Control Error 26 Optimum Load Frequency Control 27 AGC with AVR 28 Modelling aspects- Gain for stable system 29 Review of the topics, Numericals 11th July

Lecture#6

12th July

9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM

Lecture #7 Lecture #8

12th July 13th July

9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM 9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM 9:00-11:00/ 3:00-5:00PM

Lecture #9

14th July

State Estimation
Lecture #10 1 Introduction- State Estimation Power system State Estimation- with respect to control centre function 2 Estimation of states through power flow example- minimization of 3 error 4 Types of State Estimation Maximum Likelyhood, Weighted Least Square Approach, Minimum 5 Variance, Minimum Norm 6 Leat square weighted Approach 7 Numerical example-state Estimation 8 State Estimation in AC networks 9 Computational steps 10 Illustration with a numerical 11 Bad data detection and identification 15th July 3:00-5:00PM

Lecture #11

15th July

3:00-5:00PM

Lecture #12 Lecture #13

16th July 16th July

3:00 -5:00PM 3:00 -5:00PM

Lecture #14

17th July

LECTURE PLAN
NEC201 ELECTRONICS ENGG. Lecture no Sl. No.
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Topics

Text Books

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1,4 ENERGY BAND THEORY SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL , P & N TYPE MATERIAL PN JUNCTION DIODE FORMATION OF DEPLETION LAYER PN JUNCTION DIODE UNDER FORWARD BIAS AND REVERSE BIAS VI CHARACTERISTICS OF IDEAL AND PRACTICAL DIODE AND ITS EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS DIODE RESISTANCES AND DIODE CAPACITANCES PARALLEL AND SERIES DIODE CONFIGURATION AND ITS NUMERICALS HALF WAVE RECTIFIER AND ITS MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS

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NUMERICALS OF HWR CENTRE TAPPED TRANSFORMER FWR AND ITS MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS BRIDGE RECTIFIER AND NUMERICALS ON FWR VOLTAGE DOUBLER (HALF WAVE AND FULL WAVE), ZENER DIODE , ZENER AND AVALANCHE BREAKDOWN ZENER DIODE AS SHUNT REGULATOR AND ITS NUMERICAL ZENER DIODE AS SHUNT REGULATOR AND ITS NUMERICAL CONTINUED LED, VARACTER DIODE TUNNEL DIODE, LCD INTRODUCTION TO BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR AND IT'S WORKING CONFIGURATIONS OF BJT (COMMON BASE, COMMON EMITTER AND COMMON COLLECTOR) INPUT CHARACTERISTICS OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS CONCEPT OF LEAKAGE CURRENT BJT AS A CE AMPLIFIER COMPARISON OF CB,CC,CE CONFIGURATIONS OPERATING POINT OF AN AMPLIFIER, DC LOAD LINE THERMAL STABILITY STABILITY FACTOR CAUSES OF UNSTABILISATION BIASING STABILITY OF BJT BIASING NETWORKS' CONFIGURATIONS: FIXED BIAS SELF BIAS POTENTIAL DIVIDER BIAS COLLECTOR FEEDBACK DERIVATION OF STABILITY FACTOR IN EACH CASE PROBLEMS ON BIASING CKTS. A COMPLETE CE AMPLIFIER AND IT'S MODELLING: FUNCTION OF EACH COMPONENT (COUPLING CAPACITOR, BYPASS CAPACITOR, RE ETC) AC ANALYSIS OF CE BJT AMPLIFIER USING H- PARAMETR MODEL, DERIVATION OF CURRENT GAIN VOLTAGE GAIN INPUT RESISTANCE OUTPUT ADMITTANCE INTRODUCTION
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OP-AMP BASIC DIFFERENTIAL GAIN COMMON MODE GAIN OP-AMP CHARACTERISTICS (IDEAL AND PRACTICAL) OP-AMP CHARACTERISTICS (IDEAL AND PRACTICAL) CONTINUED PRACTICAL OP-AMP CIRCUITS- INVERTING AND NON INVERTING AMPLIFIER ADDER(INVERTING AND NON INVERTING) SUBTRACTOR INTEGRATOR DIFFERENTIATOR NUMERICAL ON OP-AMP CIRCUTS INTRODUCTION ADVANTAGES OF DIGITAL OVER ANALOG DIGITAL VOLTMETER(RAMP TYPE)- BLOCK DIAGRAM DIGITAL VOTMETER CONTINUED DIGITAL MULTIMETER- BLOCK DIAGRAM CRO- BASIC PRINCIPLE CRT BLOCK DIAGRAM OF CRO MESUREMENT OF VOLTAGE , CURRENT, PHASE, FREQUENCY USING CRO BLOCK DIAGRAM OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM MODULATION AND ITS NEED AMPLITUDE MODULATION AND ITS REPRESENTAION MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF AM WAVE MODULTAION INDEX OF AM WAVE POWER DERIVATION NUMERICALS ON AM WAVE GENERATION OF AM WAVE DEMODULATION OF AM WAVE FM REPRESENTAION OF FM FREQUENCY DEVIATION MODULATION INDEX FOR FM PHASE MODULATION AND ITS MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AM. FM & PM CLIPPER CIRCUITS AND ITS NUMERICAL CLAMPER CIRCUITS AND ITS NUMERICAL

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Text Books: 1 D.P. Kothari & I.J. Nagrath, Modern Power System Analysis Tata Mc Graw Hill, 3rd Edition. 2 P.S.R. Murty, Operation and control in Power Systems B.S. Publications.
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A. J. Wood & B.F. Wollenburg, Power Generation, Operation and Control John Wiley & Sons. S. S. Rao, Power system Protection N. G. Hingorani & L. Gyugyi,