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e O"o Cit

JENNY S. DELA CRUZ, rep. by her parents, JOHNNY R. DELA CRUZ an& ELENA S. DELA CRUZ, Co#plainants$ &'e"sus& JA'(Y C. 'ADRI)AL $ Respon!ent( )&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&* RESOLUTION

I.S. N s. !"#!$"%$""# an& !"#!$"%$""! FOR% RAPE AND FRUSTRATED 'URDER

The Respon!ent$ JAM+, C( MADRI-A.$ /as cha"ge! of the c"i#es of RAPE an! FRUSTRATED MURDER in a co#plaint file! b he"ein co#plainants$ JENN, S( MADRI-A.$ a #ino" "ep"esente! b he" pa"ents$ JUAN R( DE.A CRU0 an! E.ENA S( DE.A CRU0( In suppo"t of he" co#plaint$ the he"ein co#plainants attache! the follo/ing !ocu#ents% 1( Co#plaint Affi!a'it of Jenn S( Dela C"u23 4( Affi!a'it of Johnn R( Dela C"u23 5( Affi!a'it of -o"io C( To#e3 6( Affi!a'it of +"g ( Captain 7icto" M( U 3 8( Me!ical Ce"tificate9Repo"t of D"( +"en!a T( Es#ola"3 :( Police Reco"! of E'ents an! othe"s( As his counte"$ the "espon!ent attache! the follo/ing !ocu#ents to suppo"t his !enial of the allegations against hi#% 1( Counte"&Affi!a'it of Ja#b C( Ma!"igal3 4( Affi!a'it of Ma"io T( Ma!"igal( Statement of Facts +ase! on the in'estigation con!ucte! b the Police In'estigato"$ PO4 JO7IT C;AN$ the facts of the case a"e state! he"eun!e"% That on o" about the 1< th !a of June 4=14$ at a"oun! 4%== in the afte"noon #o"e o" less in +"g ( Canitoan$ Caga an !e O"o Cit $ Philippines$ the "espon!ent$ JAM+, C( MADRI-A.$ /ith le/! !esign !i! the"e an! then$ /ilfull $ unla/full an! feloniousl ha! ca"nal >no/le!ge /ith the 'icti#$ JENN, S( DE.A CRU0$ a 14& ea" ol! #ino"( That p"io" to the ca"nal act$ the 'icti# an! the "espon!ent c"osse! paths in 8 th St"eet in the sai! ba"anga ( Respon!ent g"abbe! the 'icti# an! !"agge! he" to the bushes along the left si!e of the "oa!( ;e fo"cefull co'e"e! he" #outh /ith he" han!$ slappe! he" on the face$ an! bo*e! he" t/ice in the sto#ach$ /hich "en!e"e! the 'icti# unconscious( Respon!ent$ then an!

the"e$ ha! ca"nal >no/le!ge /ith the 'icti#( Afte" /hich$ "espon!ent left the 'icti#( Du"ing that ti#e$ the 'icti# gaine! consciousness but unable to #o'e( That on o" about an hou" late"$ "espon!ent ca#e bac> ca"" ing /ith hi# a >nife( That$ b #eans of t"eache" an! abuse of supe"io" st"ength$ "espon!ent attac>e! an! stabbe! the 'icti# th"ee ti#es in the chest an! st"uc> he" hea! /ith a "oc>3 thus causing he" to again lose consciousness( That on o" about 1?th of June$ 4=14$ a"oun! past #i!night$ the 'icti#@s fathe"$ JO;NN, R( DE.A CRU0$ an! so#e ba"anga officials$ afte" a /i!e sea"ch$ foun! the bo! of the 'icti# l ing a#ong the bushes$ na>e! f"o# /aist !o/n /ith bloo! all o'e" he" hea! an! bo! ( That !ue to the ti#el an! able #e!ical atten!ance "en!e"e! to the 'icti#$ she /as able to su"'i'e an! specificall i!entif the pe"pet"ato" as he"ein "espon!ent( In the sepa"ate affi!a'its of /itnesses Johnn R( Dela C"u2$ the 'icti#@s fathe"$ an! +"g ( Captain 7icto" M( U $ the state! that on June 1<$ 4=14 at 1=%== in the e'ening$ togethe" /ith so#e ba"anga tano!s the sta"te! the sea"ch of the 'icti#@s /he"eabouts( That a"oun! past #i!night$ as the passe! along 8 th St"eet$ the foun! a ello/ han!>e"chief /hich /as "ecogni2e! to be belonging to the 'icti#( Fu"the"#o"e$ the foun! the 'icti#@s bo! l ing a#ong the bushes( The foun! he" na>e! f"o# /aist !o/n /ith bloo! co'e"ing he" uppe" bo! an! he" hea!( The b"ought the 'icti# to the nea"est hospital aboa"! the ba"anga 'ehicle( On thei" /a $ the 'icti# /as slightl unconscious an! /as able to utte" the /o"!s A Silingan nato..B to he" fathe"( That afte" a /ee>@s confine#ent at the hospital$ the 'icti# specificall i!entif the pe"pet"ato"@s featu"es but not his na#e( +"g ( Captain U /as able to i!entif the "espon!ent as one Ja#b C( Ma!"igal /ho li'es nea" the Dela C"u2@s "esi!ence( ;e$ togethe" /ith M"( Dela C"u2 an! the police#en$ /ent to the "esi!ence of the Ma!"igals( +ut the !i! not fin! the "espon!ent at his ho#e( In the affi!a'it of -o"io C( To#e$ a "esi!ent an! t"isi>a! !"i'e" in the sa#e ba"anga $ he state! that on June 1<$ 4=14$ a"oun! 5%== in the afte"noon$ he /as passing along 8th St"eet /hen he sa/ the "espon!ent e#e"ging f"o# the bushes besi!e the "oa!( ;e notice! that the "espon!ent /as not /ea"ing an thing f"o# /aist up an! he /as hol!ing a "olle!&up shi"t in his "ight han!( ;e e'en as>e! the "espon!ent /hat has happene!$ but the latte" "eplie! A Wala!B an! /al>e! s/iftl to/a"!s opposite !i"ection( M"( To#e( In the #e!ical ce"tificate9"epo"t #a!e an! signe! b D"( +"en!a T( Es#ola"$ it /as state! that the 'icti# suffe"e! the follo/ing inCu"ies% 1( Contusion$ lace"ations$ an! he#ato#a in the "ight f"ontal si!e of the hea!3 4( Petechial he#o""hages on both pe"&o"bital a"eas3 5( ;e#ato#a o'e" the left uppe" a"#$ late"al a"ea3 6( Th"ee stabbe! /oun!s an! he#ato#a o'e" the uppe" ante"io" chest /all$ #i!cla'icula" line3 8( -enital an! pe"i&anal a"ea soile! /ith !eb"is an! /hitish #ucoi!& li>e #ate"ial3 an! :( ; #enal lace"ations at the 8 o@cloc> an! D o@cloc> position( D"( Es#ola"@s i#p"essions on the inCu"ies state! abo'e a"e #ultiple soft tissue inCu"ies$ specificall in the hea! an! chest a"eas$ as /ell as h #enal lace"ations in the genitals( As fo" the "espon!ent$ in his counte"&affi!a'it$ he 'ehe#entl !enie! the accusations against hi# putting up the !efense of alibi( ;e state! that on June 1<$ 4=14$ at 14%== noon$ he /as atten!ing the bi"th!a pa"t of his uncle$ Ma"io T( Ma!"igal$ in the latte"@s "esi!ence locate! in P(N( Roa$ Caga an !e O"o Cit ( ;e fu"the" state! that he !"an> a la"ge 'olu#e of Tan!ua liEuo"$ #a>ing hi# !"un> an! sleep ( That at 4%== in the afte"noon$ he ba!e goo!b e to his uncle an! !"in>ing bu!!ies an! he /en

ho#e aboa"!ing a Ceepne ( ;e alighte! at the opening of 8 th St"eet$ +"g ( Canitoan$ Caga an !e O"o Cit ( ;e also state! that !ue to the sco"ching heat$ he too> off his t& shi"t$ "olle! it an! hel! it in his "ight han!( As he passe! along the st"eet$ he hea"! /hi#pe"s behin! the bushes( ;e /ent the"e an! sa/ a gi"l l ing a#ong the bushes$ na>e! f"o# the /aist !o/n /ith bloo! all o'e" he" clothes( ;e also i!entifie! the gi"l as Jenn S( Dela C"u2$ the !aughte" of his neighbou"$ Johnn R( Dela C"u2$ /ho# he ha! p"e'ious alte"cations( That !ue to shoc> an! fea" that he #ight be accuse! of Jenn @s t"age! $ he "an a/a f"o# the scene to/a"!s the "oa!( As he e#e"ge!$ he #et his neighbou"$ -o"io C( To#e( The latte" as>e! hi# /hat has happene!$ but he "eplie! AWala!B( ;e then /al>e! the opposite !i"ection to/a"!s his ho#e( Out of fea" an! app"ehension that he #ight be i#plicate! an! accuse! of the inci!ent$ he "an a/a f"o# ho#e an! hi! fo" a fe/ !a s( To co""obo"ate the counte"&affi!a'it of the "espon!ent$ Ma"io T( Ma!"igal$ the uncle of the fo"#e"$ state! in his affi!a'it that on June 1<$ 4=14 he hel! his bi"th!a pa"t at his "esi!ence in P(N( Roa$ Caga an !e O"o Cit ( ;e in'ite! his nephe/$ the "espon!ent$ an! the latte" a""i'e! the"eat at a"oun! 14%== noon( ;e also state! that his nephe/ ha! !"an> /ith hi# an! othe" !"in>ing bu!!ies( That on o" a"oun! 4%== in the afte"noon$ his nephe/ ba!e goo!b e to hi# an! /ent ho#e( The "espon!ent has in'o>e! an! a'aile! of fo" his "ight to a p"eli#ina" in'estigation( ;o/e'e"$ on the ti#e sche!ule! the"eof$ the "espon!ent faile! to appea" !espite !ue notice fu"nishe! to hi#( ;ence$ the "ight to a p"eli#ina" in'estigation is !ee#e! /ai'e! b the "espon!ent( Analyses / Findings and Recommendations A"ticle 4::&A of the Re'ise! Penal Co!e specificall states% Art. !**$A. Rape, When and How Committed. F Rape is co##itte!% 1( + a #an /ho shall ha'e ca"nal >no/le!ge of a /o#an un!e" an of the follo/ing ci"cu#stances% *** b( Ghen the offen!e! pa"t is !ep"i'e! of "eason o" is othe"/ise unconscious3 *** The facts of the case before us fall under the crime of rape. By force and intimidation, the respondent had taken advantage of his superior strength and employed means to weaken the defense of the victim by slapping her face and boxing her twice in the stomach which rendered the latter unconscious. Thereafter, respondent had carnal knowledge with the victim, a minor, while the latter is unconscious. Such facts are proven by the positive identification by the victim of the identity of her perpetrator as well as the corroborative identification by the witness orio !. Tome and the medical report presented by "r. Brenda #smolar. A"ticles 46? an! 48= of the Re'ise! Penal Co!e specificall state% Art. !+,. Murder. F An pe"son /ho$ not falling /ithin the p"o'isions of A"ticle 46:$ shall >ill anothe"$ shall be guilt of #u"!e" an! shall be punishe! b reclusion perpetua to !eath if co##itte! /ith an of the follo/ing atten!ant ci"cu#stances% 1( Gith t"eache" $ ta>ing a!'antage of supe"io" st"ength$ * * *$ o" e#plo ing #eans to /ea>en the !efense$ * * *3 * * *

Art. !-". enalty for frustrated parricide, murder, or homicide. F The cou"ts$ in 'ie/ of the facts of the case$ #a i#pose upon the pe"son guilt of the f"ust"ate! c"i#e of pa""ici!e$ #u"!e" o" ho#ici!e$ !efine! an! penali2e! in the p"ece!ing a"ticles$ a penalt lo/e" b one !eg"ee than that /hich shoul! be i#pose! un!e" the p"o'isions of A"ticle 8=( * * *

The facts of the case also fall under the crime of frustrated murder. The time element that lapsed in between, when respondent left the victim after the commission of rape and when he returned back to kill the latter to ensure her death, sufficiently constitute treachery on the part of the respondent. $e committed the act of killing against the person of the victim and employed means in the execution thereof, by hitting the victim%s head with a rock and stabbed her thrice in the body, in order to insure the execution thereof. Thus, the crime committed is murder. $owever, although the respondent has performed all the acts of execution which would produce the crime of murder as a conse&uence, nevertheless it did not produce it by reason of causes independent of the will of the perpetrator, that is due to the survival of the victim reslting from her timely rescue and able medical attendance rendered to the latter which prevented her demise. Therefore, the crime of frustrated murder is also committed under the facts stated. On the pa"t of the !efense of the "espon!ent$ it is a settle! "ule that alibi is the /ea>est of all !efences because it is facile to fab"icate an! !ifficult to !isp"o'e$ an! is gene"all "eCecte!( Fo" alibi to p"ospe"$ it is not enough to p"o'e that the !efen!ant /as so#e/he"e else /hen the c"i#e is co##itte!$ that he #ust li>e/ise !e#onst"ate that it /as i#possible fo" hi# to ha'e been at the scene of the c"i#e at that ti#e HPP 's( MaleCana$ 6<D SCRA :1=I( The !efense of alibi cannot p"e'ail o'e" the positi'e i!entification of the accuse! as the pe"pet"ato" of the c"i#e( Fo" it to p"ospe"$ the accuse! #ust establish ph sical i#possibilit to ha'e been at the locus criminis at the ti#e of the co##ission of the c"i#e HPP 's( Jacinto$ -(R( No( 1?445D$ Ma"ch 1:$ 4=11I( 's regards the alibi of the respondent, that he was not at the place when the crime was committed but only thereafter as he was passing the street, heard whimpers behind the bushes and saw the body of the victim amongst it, such cannot be appreciated since the respondent failed to convince that he satisfactorily sustain such defense. 'side from the corroborative affidavit of the witness (ario (adrigal submitted by the respondent, the latter presented no further evidence to support his denial. )n addition, it is a well*settled rule that the defense of alibi cannot prevail over the positive identification by the victim of her perpetrator, when she was able to directly, positively, and categorically assert the identity of respondent as the one committing the crimes of rape and frustrated murder against her. Thus, the respondent%s defense of alibi is untenable. .HEREFORE, IN /IE. OF THE FORE)OIN), it is #ost "espectfull "eco##en!e! that Info"#ations fo" the c"i#es of Rape an! F"ust"ate! Mu"!e" be file! against the "espon!ent JAM+, C( MADRI-A.( Caga an !e O"o Cit $ Octobe" 1$ 4==?(

'ADELONE C. LONCION Assistant Cit P"osecuto"

APPRO7ED +,% 'ARY LYN CHARISSE A. LA)A'ON Chief Cit P"osecuto"

Cop Fu"nishe!% H1I Ja#b C( Ma!"igal F +"g ( Canitoan$ Caga an !e O"o Cit H4I Johnn R( Dela C"u2 & +"g ( Canitoan$ Caga an !e O"o Cit