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Question 2 Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN wireless) can be used to transfer information over short distances in a private

circle of the institutions involved. Contrary to a wireless LAN (WLAN) via a wireless personal area network established itself contains little or no direct contact with the outside world or connecting infrastructure. This allows an efficient and effective low energy solutions for a wide range of devices to implement. Called common WPAN Bluetooth (version 1.2 or version 2.0) Technology IEEE 802.15.1 defines the architecture and operation of Bluetooth devices only in the physical layer and access control (MAC) Changes in the media relevant context (architecture known basic order). Standardized layers and applications in user profiles defined by the Bluetooth SIG higher protocol. WLAN: Wireless Local Area Network IEEE 802.11: WiFi IEEE 802.11 WiFi

WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network, IEEE 802.15 Bluetooth, RF IDIEEE 802.15: Bluetooth, RF ID

Wireless Capabilities 1 ... 54 Mb / s data rates (currently) 1 ... 54 Mb / s data rates (currently) for short distances in a short distance from a coating station is determined by the base station, so that the lid is fixed, for example, Rooms / 1 A corridor of office building A small house. A few hundred meters away something with directional antennas. The energy consumption is not always very critical of the energy is not always critical. Only if it is contained in a mobile terminal, if not all, from a mobile device, including themselves, even more popular these days.

WLAN applications wireless Internet access

Office environments. Houses (eg ADSL modem as an access point) and apartments (eg ADSL modem as an access point). Hot - spots such as airports, convention centers, hotels, etc..

But also as a means of access to the Internet High-speed Internet access for homes and small businesses methods for urban households and small businesses in urban areas rather than DSL or cable modem, Wi element Ethernet extension over Ethernet Wireless Wireless extends Two modes:

WLAN infrastructure, the terminals communicate with the radio: radio terminals communicate with an Access Point (AP-based database ('' - stations), while as a bridge) acts as something of a gateway to the Internet fixed fixed Internet Ad hoc - Disclosure: terminals communicate with one another "terminals communicate with each other", without central control without centralized control Each station and wireless LAN access point wireless card solutions currently integrated in laptops, DSL / modem, communicator PDA / mobile phones, game consoles, etc..

Aspects of wireless applications Designed for data communication The problems of latency and quality of service in the case of audiovisual services in the field of audiovisual time in real time Limitations of the Data Protection Act mechanisms WEP. Recent improvements Standards (802.11i/WAP 802.11e) is the solution of the problems of the standard solution of problems in the first implementations occur.

WLAN standards Enter the frequency bands of regulators and power levels for different signal formats, transmission power FCC in the United States CEPT / ETSI in Europe ARIB in Japan In the standard (IEEE 802.11) => ISO / IE Interface between 3GPP WLAN development GSM / UMTS.

WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network

The cable replacement Short distances up to 10 m Bluetooth: 0.70.7-2 Mb / s data rates

Bluetooth hands-free wireless Cell synchronization --laptop/PC Low power consumption, low cost High-speed WPAN, UWB systems Digital Image / Video down-load/exchange low rate WPAN, RF-ID Sensors, meter reading, tags / smartcards, home automation Ultra-low-power and necessity of costs; close range 802.15.1 WPAN based on Bluetooth. Coexistence of 802.15.2 WPAN with other systems at 2.4 GHz. 802.15.3 high-rate WPAN High .15.3 - Evaluate alternative physical layer MAC 802.15.3b improvement 802.15.4 Low-Rate WPAN (RFID, etc.).

Question 3

Various mobile operators and providers return WiMax and LTE, or both, depending on how the technology to use their business plan. In the United States, for example, the mobile operator Sprint WiMax supports ICT competitor Verizon and AT & T LTE support. Manufacturing companies prefer depending on their ability to produce a document or other more or less. Always planned to Wi-Fi hotspots and home networks to replace technology. Are intermediates option LTE and WiMax services in their area, and improved speed and reliability for consumers. Availability Cellular network operators such as Verizon in the United States is planning to deploy Long Term Evolution (LTE) as an upgrade to their existing networks. Some providers have installed and started testing LTE devices for use in test mode are not accessible networks aim of the work to

the public. Be available in its budget for the first LTE networks will be later in 2010 lines in 2011. WiMAX, on the other hand, is already available in some places. WiMax is useful, especially in areas where 3G service is currently unavailable. However, the first implementations of WiMax in densely populated areas such as Portland (Oregon, USA), Las Vegas (Nevada, USA) and Korea, where other high-speed Internet options, such as fiber, were cable and DSL are already concentrated. speed up Both WiMax and LTE promises higher speed and capacity compared to the standard broadband and 3G wireless unprecedented. Internet via cell phone can theoretically reach 10 and 50 Mbps. Do not expect to see such speeds regularly thesis advanced technical age. Existing customers of Clearwire WiMAX services in the United States vary, for example, typically less than 10 Mbps transmission in space, time and other factors. Of course, as with other types of Internet depends on the actual acquisition of selected compounds and quality service speed. Wireless spectrum WiMax is not signaling ICT band fixed wireless is set. Outside the United States is 3.5 GHz WiMAX products in general because it was a new standard for mobile broadband technologies in general. However, it is. Primarily for use by the government of the 3.5 GHz band in the United States 2.5 GHz WiMAX ALTHO products are various other regions of the United States generally used, are provided. LTE provider in the U.S. for a couple of different groups, including the use of 700 MHz (0.7 GHz). Higher frequency signal allows a wireless network to carry more data and potentially higher bandwidth Malthusian. However, higher frequencies have shorter distances also tend (affecting the supply area) travel and are more susceptible to radio interference .......