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Threats to Biodiversity: An Overview Guided Viewing Name: _____________________________________________________ 1: Natural Capital: Forests Ecological Services

Support Energy flow and chemical cycling. Less soil. Absorbs and release water. Pure water and air. Influence climate, and local. Store Co2 in atmosphere. More wild habits.

Economic Services
Fuelwood. Lumber. Mining. Recreation, Jobs. Livestock grazing. Pulp to make paper.

Old-growth forest, Has not been seriously disturbed. Second-growth forest: tress from secondary selection.

2: What are the 3 main types of forests?

3: What are some of the problems associated with deforestation?

Tree plantation: particular trees.

More Co2 into the atmosphere, less soil from erosion. Loss habitat and species.

4: What are the methods for harvesting trees? Selective, harvesting, e.g strip cutting. 5: Clear-Cutting Forests Advantages
Higher Timber Yields. Maximum profits in short time. Reforest with fast growing trees. Short time stand trees. Less kill and planning, Good for moderate sunlight trees. Most efficient Considerable damage

Disadvantages

Reduces biodiversity. Disrupts ecosystem processes. Destroys wildlife habit. Leaves large opening. Increases water pollution. Eliminates recreational value.

6: What are some solutions for sustainable forestry? Stop clear cut slopes. Rely on the selective or strip cutting. 7: What is the Healthy Forest Restoration Act? What are the PROS and CONS? Text
Solution for controversy fire. Allows timer to cut medium or lager trees in 71% of national forests. It must clean away smaller.

Know and protect the high diversity.

Decreases recreational opportunies. 14: What is the 4 point strategy to restoring biodiversity worldwide? Map ecosystem. 10: Why should we care about the loss of tropical forests? 11: Sustaining Tropical Forests Prevention Is being cleared in fast rate. Educate settler about sustainable forestry.8: Logging in National Forests Advantages Timber for the country needs. Lumber and paper in less price. Text More jobs in communities. Reproduce poverty. Add subsidies. Cut areas grows back. and endanger area. 13: How can we sustain rangeland productivity? What are some solutions to overgrazing? By controlling rate of livestock. Damage rives and fisheries. Low prices on products. subsidies. Restoration Protect biodiver. roads. Ample tiber needs. Slow population rate. fires. 12: Why are rangelands/grasslands so important? Soil changes. Economic growth. Phase out subsidies that ENCOURAGE FOREST USE. Growing plants are use for medicines. Certify timbers. that’s need . Locate and protect endangered ecosystem and species. Make biodiversity friendly. used for experiments. Reforestation. eruption control. conserved easements. Restored ecosystem that are degraded. clear ares. Rehabilitation of degraded areas. Concentrate farming. 9: What are some causes of tropical deforestation? Ecological and importance: Poverty. Less illegal cutting. 15: What is a biodiversity hotspot? How many are there worldwide? 34. Protect debt nature swaps. . nutrient cycling. Disadvantages 4% of timber.

26: What is overexploitation? Protected species killed for their value. Banned from buying illegal species. 23: What can you do about invasive species? Not allow animals to scape. stop abuse of elimination. Plants that are taken form the wild. long lived. Death valley. Use adaptive management. Wood from forest in tropics. and threaten them.S. Keep intact old growth. 24: What are some characteristics of successful invader species? Pioneers species. South California. Repairing what has been destroyed.16: What are the top 6 hotspots in the United States? Hawaii. protect area. Ensure range. illegal trade in wildlife. Mass Extinction: Extinction of species in short amount of time. far-reaching law. conserve species base on comnunity. or plants to spread in other areas. 25: How is pollution affecting species? Kill animals. reintroduces of species. Map inventory. To protect species. 27: What is the U. 21: What are characteristics of vulnerable species? Species that live in their natural habit but can become extinct because of the decline of population. Restore grassland. 18: What are the eight priorities for protecting biodiversity? 19: Define: Reconciliation/Applied Ecology Habitats with balance. Don’t buy furs. 22: What is HIPPCO? The most important causes of extinction. Take action on hotspot. high dispersal rate. Reconciliation ecology. protected form harm: activities or humans. Recycle. . Extinction Rate: The percentage of species go extinct in a period of time. Sustainability System can survived for a period of time. 29: What can you do to help terrestrial biodiversity? What can you do to help protect species worldwide? Plant a tree and take care of them. South appalachians. San Francisco Bay. 18: Define: Preservation Remediation Setting aside. INITATE ecological restoration. Determine marine hot spots. low the level of species. 17: What are the five basic science-based principles for ecological restoration? Identify. Convention on international trade in endangered species. Endangered Species Act? 28: What is the CITIES Treaty? Most controversial. 20: Define: Background Extinction: Continuous. Florida Panhandle. Make conservations.