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UMTS Radio Parameter

i
Contents
1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters.................................................................. 1
2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection ................................................................................................ 9
3 Random access parameter....................................................................................................................... 21
4 UE call establishment parameter............................................................................................................ 31
5 Paging parameter..................................................................................................................................... 39
6 Power control parameter......................................................................................................................... 45
6.1 Basic principle of internal loop power control................................................................................ 45
6.2 Basic principle of external loop power control ............................................................................... 58
7 Control parameter switch........................................................................................................................ 67
7.1 Basic principle of intra-frequency switch....................................................................................... 67
7.2 Basic principle of inter-frequency switch....................................................................................... 80
7.3 Basic principle of intersystem switch.............................................................................................. 90


1
1 Cell and common signal channel
establishment parameters
Normal cell operation is premise for a UMTS system to guarantee normal network
operation while premise of normal cell operation is successful cell and common signal
channel establishment as well as broadcasting communication parameters to network
side of UE through system messages.
Above signaling process is shown in following figure:

Key factors to indicate a cell include configuration of frequency point, primary
scrambling code, total power and common physical signal channel.
In which: Common physical signal channels which shall be configured are as follows:
Pilot channel (PCPICH): Used as reference basis of other signal channels and
signal measurement.
Primary synchronous channel (PSCH): Used for time slot synchronization when
searching for the cell.
Auxiliary synchronous channel (SSCH): To define frame synchronization and
main scrambling code when searching for the cell.
UMTS Radio Parameter
2
Broadcasting channel (PCCPCH): Used to broadcast system messages.
Auxiliary common control physical channel (SCCPCH)Used to bear FACH or
PCH transmission channel messages.
Random access channel (PRACH): Used for subscribers random access; Relevant
parameters are introduced in random access process Chapter.
Access indicator channel (AICH): Downlinkindicator channel which is used with
PRACH channel together; AICH channel parameters are introduced in random
access process Chapter.
Paging indicator channel (PICH): Used for paging indication; Paging channel
parameters are introduced in paging Chapter.
Central Frequency of the Carrier Frequency of the Uplink Channel (UUARFCN)
3GPP Name UARFCN (Nupper)
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name Uuarfcn
Description
This parameter indicates the upper limit of the Band of a UTRAN
FDD controlled by the local PLMN.
When a UE returns to the idle state from the RRC connection state,
the UE selects and resides in a cell. UTRAN carries this parameter in
the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message. This parameter
indicates the possible transmit Band of the surrounding cell. This
helps the UE to speed up cell search.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Upper limit of FDD UMTS frequency point
Value Range
Band 1: 10562..10838
Band 2: 9662..9938, 412, 437, 462, 487, 512, 537, 562,
587, 612, 637, 662, 687
Band 3: 1162.. 1513
Band 5: 4357 4458, 1007, 1012, 1032, 1037, 1062, 1087
Band 6: 4387 4413, 1037, 1062
Band 8: 2937..3088
Default Value [10838,9938]
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended
Configuration
-
Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters
3
Central Frequency of the Carrier Frequency of the Downlink Channel
(DUARFCN)
3GPP Name UARFCN (Nlow)
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name Luarfcn [8]
Description
The parameter is to instruct lower limit of a certain UTRAN
FDD frequency scope under PLMN control.
UE will select a cell when returning from RRC connection
status to idle state. Utran has this parameter in RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE message to instruct possible
transmitting frequency scope around the cell so that UE can
search for the cell quickly.
Description of data
item of radio
parameter message

GUI Element Name Lower limit of FDD UMTS frequency point
Value Range
Band 1: 10562..10838
Band 2: 9662..9938,412, 437, 462, 487, 512, 537, 562, 587,
612, 637, 662, 687
Band 3: 1162.. 1513
Band 5: 4357 4458,1007, 1012, 1032, 1037, 1062, 1087
Band 6: 4387 4413,1037, 1062
Band 8: 2937..3088
Default Value [10562, 9662]
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended
Configuration
-
Cell Maximum Transmission Power
3GPP Name Maximum Transmission Power
3GPP Reference TS 25.433
Field Name MAXDlTxPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum transmission power
allowed by all downlink physical channels of a cell.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Cell Maximum Transmission Power
UMTS Radio Parameter
4
3GPP Name Maximum Transmission Power
Value Range
OMCR: (0.0..50.0)dBmstep 0.1dBm
RNC: D=P*10,0..500
Default Value 43dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter value depends on the scenario defined by the cell
coverage attribute. The maximum transmission power is related
to the cell coverage range and should be adjusted according to
the coverage attribute of the cell. The principle of adjustment is:
Typically, the pilot frequency covers 10%, and the Ec/Io at the
edges of the pilot frequency should be maintained at about
-12dB.
Cell Primary Scrambling Code
3GPP Name Primary Scrambling Code
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331
TS 25.423
TS25.433
Field Name PrimScraCode
Description
Cell primary scrambling codes distinguish between cells. The
UTRAN system has a total of 512 available primary
scrambling codes.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Cell Primary Scrambling Code
Value Range 0..511-
Default Value -
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended
Configuration
Since there are a total of 512 available primary scrambling
codes, these codes follow spatial multiplexing. Basically, the
principle is to ensure that the primary scrambling codes are
different between neighboring cells, and the space between the
cells with the same primary scrambling code should be as large
as possible. Typically, you should plan the primary scrambling
codes during network planning.
P-CPICH Power
Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters
5
3GPP Name
Primary CPICH Tx Power; Primary CPICH power; Primary
CPICH Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name PcpichPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PCPICH. It
is an absolute value. The cell uses this power to transmit the
PCPICH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name P-CPICH Power
Value Range (-10.0..50.0) dBm step 0.1dBm
Default Value 33dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter value is related to the scenario defined by the
cell coverage attribute and should be adjusted according to the
coverage attribute of the cell. Typically, the rational value of
Ec/Io of the PCPICH at the edges of the cell is about -12dB. If
the power is high, it is a waste of power. If the power is low,
QoS cannot be guaranteed in case that a subscriber is at the
edge of the cell.
Primary SCH Power
3GPP Name Primary SCH Power
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name PschPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PSCH. It is
a relative value (dB) of the transmit power of the PCPICH of
the local cell.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PSCH Power
Value Range (-35..+15) dB step 0.1dB
Default Value -3dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The transmit power of the PSCH should ensure that the
subscribers at the edges of the cell correctly detect the PSCH.
UMTS Radio Parameter
6
3GPP Name Primary SCH Power
In network optimization, you can adjust the power according
to the actual cell search success status of the subscribers.
Usually, because the transmit power of the PSCH is associated
with the PCPICH, the default configuration can ensure
successful synchronization only if the power of the PCPICH is
appropriate.
Secondary SCH Power
3GPP Name Secondary SCH Power
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name SschPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the SSCH. It is
a relative value (dB) of the transmit power of PCPICH of the
local cell.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name SSCH power
Value Range (-35..+15) dB step 0.1dB
Default Value -4dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as the transmit
power of the PSCH.
S-CCPCH Time Slot Format
3GPP Name Secondary CCPCH Slot Format
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name SlotFmt
Description
This parameter indicates the format of timeslot used by the
SCCPCH. The SCCPCH uses a total of 18 formats of
timeslots.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name SCCPCH Slot Format
Value Range 0..17
Default Value
SCCPCH to bear PCH: 4
SCCPCH to bear R99 FACH: 8
SCCPCH to bear MCCH: 6
Scope UTRAN Cell
Chapter 1 Cell and common signal channel establishment parameters
7
3GPP Name Secondary CCPCH Slot Format
Function -
Recommended
Configuration
The timeslot format of the SCCPCH determines the bearer rate
over SCCPCH.
S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset
3GPP Name PO1
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name PO1
Description
This parameter indicates the offset (relative value) of the
transmit powers of the SCCPCH in the TFCI field and the data
field. The offset varies according to the data bit rate.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name S-CCPCH TFCI Field Power Offset
Value Range (0..6) dB step 0.25 dB
Default Value 3dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is associated with the SF of the SCCPCH that
bears the FACH. Typically, when the SF changes, the gain over
the channel changes as well. Therefore, to maintain the bit
detection performance of the TFCI field of the SCCPCH, the
parameter should also be adjusted. The principle is: The
smaller the SF of the SCCPCH, the smaller the parameter
value.
S-CCPCH Pilot Field Power Offset
3GPP Name PO3
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name PO3
Description
This parameter indicates the offset (relative value) of the transmit
powers of the SCCPCH in the PILOT field and the data field. The
offset varies according to the data bit rate.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
S-CCPCH Pilot Field Power Offset
Value Range (0.6) dB step 0.25 dB
Default Value 3dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
8
3GPP Name PO3
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as SCCPCH TFCI
Field Power Offset.
Maximum FACH Power
3GPP Name Max FACH Power
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name MaxFachPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum transmit power (relative
value based on the transmit power of the PCPICH) of the FACH
mapped to the SCCPCH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum FACH transmitting power
Value Range (-35..15)dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value -1dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is associated with the data rate over the FACH.
The larger the data rate over the FACH, the larger the required
power.

9
2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
Execute PLMN selection and cell selection process in sequence after UE bootstrap.
The cell shall be selected for staying and registration to network side after selecting a
suitable cell. UE will select the cell again after staying to a certain serving cell with UE
motion and variation of signal channel quality.

PLMN selection process:
PLMN selection standard is that CPICH RSCP is more than or equal to -95dBm. UE
will read PLMN of cell which has searched for the strongest signal. PLMN also can be
regarded as selection access PLMN if failing to meet above standards but PLMN mark
can be decoded.
Cell selection process:
Cell with the strongest signal shall be regarded as the initial access cell.
S rule definitions of cell selection standards are as follows:
for FDD cells: Srxlev >0 AND Squal >0
for TDD cells: Srxlev >0

In which:
Squal =Q
qualmeas
Qqualmin
Srxlev =Q
rxlevmeas
- Qrxlevmin - Pcompensation

Squal
Cell selection quality value (dB)
It is only suitable to FDD cell.
Srxlev RX level value (dB) for cell selection
Q
qualmeas

Measured cell quality value: CPICH E
c
/N
0
refers to quality of
signals received by FDD cell and it is only suitable to FDD
cell.
UMTS Radio Parameter
10
Q
rxlevmeas

RX level value of measured cell: Received signal of FDD cell
is CPICH RSCP (dB) and that of TDD cell is P-CCPCH RSCP
(dBm) and that of GSM cell is RXLEVdBm.
Qqualmin
It refers to the minimum quality value required for cell ant it is
only suitable to FDD cell.
Qrxlevmin The minimum RX level (dBm) required for cell;
P compensation Max (UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH P_MAX, 0)
UE_TXPWR_MAX_
RACH
The maximum available TX power level of UE (which is read
from system messages) during RACH cell access;
P_MAX The maximum RF output power of UE(dBm)
Cell re-selection process
UE will select cell again after staying to the cell. Cell re-selection includes
measurement execution and determination of UE.

Following introduction is not suitable to HCS cell.
Measurement rules:
UE will regard SqualFDD cell as Sx in following rules:
UE does not need to execute inter-frequency measurement if Sx exceeds Sintrasearch.
UE will execute inter-frequency measurement if Sx is less than or equal to
Sintrasearch.
UE will carry on intra- frequency measurement if Sintrasearch has not been configured.
UE does not need to execute inter-frequency measurement if Sx exceeds Sintrasearch.
UE will execute inter-frequency measurement if Sx is less than or equal to
Sintrasearch.
Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
11
UE will carry on inter- frequency measurement if Sintrasearch has not been configured.
UE does not need to measure cells with different radio measurement techniques if Sx
exceeds SsearchRAT m.
UE will measure other RAT m cells if Sx is less than or equal to SsearchRATm.
UE will measure other RAT m cells if SsearchRAT m has not been configured.
Cell re-selection determination rules are as follows:
Following cell re-selection standards are used for intra-frequency, inter-frequency and
inter-RAT cells:
R rules for cell array standards are as follows:
R
s
=Q
meas
,
s
+Qhyst
s
R
n
=Q
meas
,
n
- Qoffset
s,n
- TO
n
* (1 L
n
)

In which:

In which: Tn is a timer and it shall be started up if signal quality of adjacent cell is
better than sum of signal quality of serving cell and relative offsetQoffset1
s,n
or
Qoffset2
s,n
of serving cell and adjacent cell. That is, adjacent cell shall be deducted
by offset if signals of adjacent cell fluctuate so that it is difficult to be regarded as
target cell for re-selection.
All cells which meet S standard shall be founded out firstly then arrayed according to
above R rules and cell with the largest R shall be regarded as target cell for re-selection
during cell re-selection determination.
UE will execute cell re-selection process if re-selection interval meets cell re-selection
standard and UE has stayed in current serving cell for more than 1 second.
Minimum demand level of cell quality (Qqualmin)
UMTS Radio Parameter
12
3GPP Name Qqualmin
3GPP Reference
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name QQualMin
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum cell quality level that
satisfies cell selection and reselection conditions. When the
measured value is CPICH Ec/No, the quality value of the
measured cell must be greater than Qqualmin before it can
meet the condition for cell selection.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Minimum demand level of cell quality
Value Range (-24..0) dB step 1dB
Default Value -18 dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is the foundation for determining the S rule of
the cell. Typically, you should use the default value. However,
in the scenario of a highway, because the distance between
stations is large, the number of cells is small with a large
distance, and the UE moves fast, the original cell will therefore
features a power signal quality. In this case, the UE fails to
reselect the new cell. Therefore, you can lower Qqualmin and
Qrxlevmin to make the UE complete the cell reselection as
early as possible. The principle also applies to the corners of
crowded cells.
Minimum Cell Receiving Electrical Level Threshold (Qrxlevmin)
3GPP Name Qrxlevmin
3GPP Reference
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name QRxLevMin
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum cell receiving level that
satisfies the cell selection and reselection conditions. When the
measured value is CPICH RSCP, the receiving level of the
measured cell must be greater than Qrxlevmin before it can
meet the condition for cell selection.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Minimum cell receiving electrical level threshold
Value Range (-115..-25) dBm step 2dBm
Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
13
3GPP Name Qrxlevmin
Default Value -115 dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as Qqualmin.
Measurement Quantity for Cell Selection and Reselection
3GPP Name Cell selection and reselection quality measure
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name QualMeas
Description
This parameter indicates the measure for cell selection and
reselection.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Cell re-selection measurement quantity
Value Range
1: CPICH Ec/No
2: CPICH RSCP
Default Value CPICH Ec/No
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the measure as determination
standard for cell selection and reselection.
This parameter is determined in view of the co-channel
interference. When you configure a co-channel neighboring
cell for the cell, the co-channel interference is larger. To better
reflect the signal quality, you should use CPICH Ec/No as the
determination standard of the measure. However, when you
configure an inter-frequency or inter-system neighboring cell,
there is no co-channel interference. In this case, it is more
appropriate to use CPICH RSCP as the determination standard
for the measure.
In a typical networking, there are a lot of co-channel
neighboring cells; therefore, you should select CPICH Ec/No
as the default value.
Synchronization frequency Measurement Trigger Threshold for Cell Re-selection
(Sintrasearch)
UMTS Radio Parameter
14
3GPP Name S
intrasearch

3GPP Reference
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name SIntraSearch
Description
This parameter indicates the intra-frequency measurement trigger for cell
reselection. The UE uses this parameter to determine whether to execute
intra-frequency measurement. In case HCS is not used, if the quality of the
serving cell is greater than Sintrasearch, intra-frequency measurement is not
executed. If the quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to
Sintrasearch or Sintrasearch is not configured, the UE executes intra-frequency
measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Synchronization frequency measurement trigger threshold for cell re-selection
Value Range (0..20 ) dB Step 2dB
Default Value 14dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the specific
scenario expects the reselection of the intra-frequency cell as soon as possible.
A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the
intra-frequency cell. A larger parameter value is not easy to trigger the
measurement. The recommended configuration is based on the universal
scenarios. Therefore, you should follow the recommended configuration.
Inter-frequency Measurement Trigger Threshold for Cell Re-selection
(Sintersearch)
3GPP Name S
intersearch

3GPP Reference
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name SInterSearch
Description
This parameter indicates the inter-frequency measurement trigger
for cell reselection. The UE uses this parameter to determine
whether to execute inter-frequency measurement. In case HCS is
not used, if the quality of the serving cell is greater than
SInterSearch, inter-frequency measurement is not executed. If the
quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to Sintrasearch
or SInterSearch is not configured, the UE executes
inter-frequency measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
15
3GPP Name S
intersearch

GUI Element
Name
Inter-frequency measurement trigger threshold for cell
re-selection
Value Range (0..20 ) dB Step 2dB
Default Value 10dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether
the specific scenario expects the reselection of the
inter-frequency cell as soon as possible. A smaller parameter
value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the
intra-frequency cell. A larger parameter value is not easy to
trigger the measurement.
Inter-system Measurement Trigger Threshold for Cell Re-selection (Ssearch,
RAT)
3GPP Name S
search,RAT

3GPP Reference
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name SSearchRat
Description
This parameter indicates the triggers Ssearch, RAT for inter-system
measurement for cell reselection. The UE uses these triggers to
determine whether to execute inter-system measurement. In case
HCS is not used, if the quality of the serving cell is greater than
Ssearch, RAT, inter-system measurement is not executed. If the
quality of the serving cell is smaller than or equal to Ssearch, RAT
or Ssearch, RAT is not configured, the UE executes inter-system
measurement. For details, see TS 25.304.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Inter-system measurement trigger threshold for cell re-selection
Value Range (0..20 ) dB Step 2dB
Default Value 6dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether
the specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-system cell
as soon as possible. A smaller parameter value is more likely to
trigger the measurement of the intra-frequency cell. A larger
UMTS Radio Parameter
16
3GPP Name S
search,RAT

parameter value is not easy to trigger the measurement.
Re-selection Lag 1 of Serving Cell (Qhyst1s)
3GPP Name Qhyst1
s

3GPP
Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name QHyst1S
Description
This parameter indicates the hysteresis parameter for determining
FDD cell reselection in case that the measure is CPICH RSCP. In the
R rule of cell reselection, the R value of the cell is equal to the
measured value plus the hysteresis parameter. For details, see TS
25.304.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Re-selection lag 1 of serving cell
Value Range (0..40) dB step2 dB
Default Value 10dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter is determined depending on the situation whether the
specific scenario expects the reselection of the inter-frequency cell as
soon as possible. A larger parameter value indicates that the UE is
more expected to reside in the current serving cell. A smaller
parameter value is more likely to trigger the measurement of the
intra-frequency cell. However, a larger value may result in poor
signal quality of the local cell whereas good quality of the
neighboring cell. In this case, cell reselection still will not be
triggered.
Re-selection Lag 2 of Serving Cell (Qhyst2s)
3GPP Name Qhyst2
s

3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name QHyst2S
Description
This parameter indicates the hysteresis parameter for determining
FDD cell reselection in case that the measure is CPICH Ec/No. In
the R rule of cell reselection, the R value of the serving cell is
equal to the measured value plus the delay parameter. For details,
Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
17
3GPP Name Qhyst2
s

see TS 25.304.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Re-selection lag 2 of serving cell
Value Range (0..40) dB step 2 dB
Default Value 2 dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended Configuration The recommended configuration is the same as QHyst1S.
Timer Duration for Cell Re-selection (Treselections)
3GPP Name Treselection
s

3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name T reselection
Description
This parameter indicates the timer for cell reselection. For a
serving cell, a new cell must prolong the Treselections
duration according to the R sorting rule before it can be
selected as the new serving cell.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Timer duration for cell re-selection
Value Range (0..31) s step 1s
Default Value 1s
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The purpose of Treselection is to avoid mutual reselection
between two cells. In a scenario where a cell features dense
signal with fast changes, you need to increase the difficulty for
reselection, for example, increase the timer, to avoid frequent
reselection. This helps to cut down Treselections.
Quality Offset 1 (Qoffset1s,n in SIB11) of Corresponding Serving Cell and
Adjacent Cell in SIB11
3GPP Name Qoffset1
s,n

3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name Qoffset1SNSib11
UMTS Radio Parameter
18
3GPP Name Qoffset1
s,n

Description
This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and the
neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH RSCP. It is
required to sort cells in cell reselection. This parameter is broadcasted
to the UE in SIB11.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Quality offset 1 of corresponding serving cell and adjacent cell in
SIB11
Value Range
OMCR: (-50..50) dB
RNC: D=P+50, 0..100
Default Value 0dB
Scope UTRAN Neighboring Cell, GSM Neighboring Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and the
neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH RSCP. Cell
reselection follows the R rule, and the R value of the neighboring cell
is equal to the measured value subtracting the neighboring quality
offset. The parameter is determined depending on the situation
whether the specific scenario expects the reselection of the
inter-frequency cell as soon as possible. A larger parameter value
indicates that the neighboring cell is more impossible to be reselected
as the destination cell, and therefore cell reselection seldom happens.
A smaller parameter value is more likely to trigger cell reselection.
However, a larger value may result in poor quality of the local cell
and good quality of the neighboring cell. In this case, cell reselection
still will not happen.
In co-networking of UMTS and GSM, continuous coverage is
expected inside the UMTS network. Only when the UMTS network
covers edges, cell reselection from UMTS to GSM is required.
Therefore, in the suburbs with dense signals, you can increase
Qrxlevmin in SIB11 and Qoffset1-s, n in SIB11 (neighboring cell) to
improve the difficulty for cell reselection. As to the edges of the
UMTS network, especially a highway, the UE moves fast. In this
case, the signal of the UMTS cell quickly decreases. In case that the
UE goes into the GSM network coverage area but cell reselection still
does not happen. Therefore, you can increase Ssearch, RAT and
reduce Qrxlevmin in SIB11 and Qoffset1-s, n in SIB11 (neighboring
cell) to help the UE complete cell reselection as early as possible.
Quality Offset 2(Qoffset2s, n in SIB11) of Corresponding Serving Cell and
Adjacent Cell in SIB11
Chapter 2 Cell selection and parameter re-selection
19
3GPP Name Qoffset2
s,n

3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.304: UE Procedures in Idle Mode
Field Name Qoffset2SN Sib11
Description
This parameter indicates the offset between the serving cell and
the neighboring cell in the event that the measure is CPICH
Ec/No. It is required to sort cells in cell reselection. This
parameter is broadcasted to the UE in SIB11.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Quality offset 2 of corresponding serving cell and adjacent cell
in SIB11
Value Range
OMCR: (-50..50) dB
RNC: D=P+50,0..100
Default Value 0dB
Scope UTRAN Neighboring Cell
Function Cell Selection/Reselection
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as
Qoffset1SNSib11.

21
3 Random access parameter
Registration process shall be initiated after UE selecting a cell for staying. A random
access process shall be initiated firstly according to system broadcasting messages.
In addition, random access process shall be executed for uplinkinteraction between UE
and network side firstly once UE is under idle, CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or
CELL_FACH status.
Frame structure of random access channel:
Messagepart
Preamble
4096 chips
10 ms (oneradio frame)
Preamble Preamble
Messagepart Preamble
4096 chips
20 ms (two radio frames)
Preamble Preamble

Prefix of frame structure consists of signature code and scrambling.
Timing relationship between PRACH and AICH
One access slot

p-a

p-m

p-p
Pre-
amble
Pre-
amble Message part
Acq.
Ind.
AICH access
slots RX at UE
PRACH access
slots TX at UE

UMTS Radio Parameter
22
In which:
- When AICH_Transmission_Timing is 0:

p-p,min
=15360 chips (3 access slots)

p-a
=7680 chips

p-m
=15360 chips (3 access slots)
- When AICH_Transmission_Timing is 1:

p-p,min
=20480 chips (4 access slots)

p-a
=12800 chips

p-m
=20480 chips (4 access slots)
Random access includes MAC layer and physical layer.
Physical channels used for random access are represented by scrambling and signature.
Access process of physical layer
Effective uplinkaccess time slot gained from access time slot collectionAn effective
access time slot shall be selected randomly among corresponding access time slot
collection for effective RACH sub-channel Number which is required for
corresponding ASC.
A signature shall be selected randomly among available signatures which correspond to
selected ASC.
Setting prefix retransmission counter is Preamble Retrans Max.
Setting initial transmitting power of prefix
Setting prefix transmitting power is equal to the maximum transmitting power if
calculated prefix transmitting power exceeds the maximum permissible
uplinktransmitting power. Setting prefix transmitting power is equal to the minimum
transmitting power if calculated prefix transmitting power is less than the maximum
permissible uplinktransmitting power. Then selected signature, uplinkaccess time slot
and prefix transmitting power shall be connected to prefix.
If UE has not received yes/no reply of selected signature AI +1 nor 1of AICH
during Downlinkaccess time slot which is defined after uplinkaccess time slot:
An effective access time slot shall be selected randomly among effective RACH
Chapter 3 Random access parameter
23
sub-channel Number which corresponds to selected ASC.
An available signature shall be selected randomly among available signatures
which correspond to selected ASC.
Prefix transmitting power shall be increased by step length of P
0
=Power Ramp
Step [dB]
Prefix retransmission counter shall be deducted by 1.
Turn to Step 5 for re-execution if prefix retransmission counter exceeds 0 or
physical layer (L1) of UE will report status (of No ack on AICH) to MAC and
exit physical random access process.
UE physical layer will report (of No ack on AICH received) to MAC and exit
physical random access process if UE has received negative reply for selected
signature of AICH during definition period after uplinkaccess time slot.
UE will send random access messages during the 3
rd
or 4
th
uplinkaccess time slot after
sending the prefix time slot finally after receiving positive reply for selected signature
of AICH during definition period after uplinkaccess time slot. The 3
rd
or 4
th

uplinkaccess time slot depends on MAC parameter of AICH transmission timing.
Physical layer L1 of UE will report status (of "RACH message transmitted") to MAC
and exit physical random access process.
Access process of MAC layer
MAC layer will generate random quantity and send probability (Pi) for comparison if
data shall be sent. Sending is not allowed unless it exceeds Pi. MAC layer will wait
form next TTI for re-sending if sending is not allowed previously.
Random access process request of physical layer will be initiated to L1 if sending is
allowed.
Physical layer will feedback to MAC layer for notice of successful access to RRC layer
if prefix sent by physical layer has been confirmed by AICH signal channel.
L1 layer will notify MAC layer of access failure if prefix sending times of physical
layer is equal to the maximum prefix retransmission times but reply of AICH channel
has not been received. MAC layer will send reply again for next TTI.
MAC layer will start up revolution timer (TBO1) after physical layer receives negative
UMTS Radio Parameter
24
reply of AICH and notice to MAC layer. It can be sent again after timing. TBO1 can be
set to NBO1 times of interval of 10ms 0 NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max
NBO1min can be equal to NBO1max when expecting a fixed delay.
MAC layer will notify RRC RACH of sending failure if re-trial times exceed the
maximum preamble cycle times of RACH.

Available Signature
3GPP Name Available Signature ; Preamble Signatures
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name Signature
Description
This parameter indicates all available signatures for PRACH
access. The 16 bits represents 16 signatures. If the value of a bit
is 1, it indicates that the corresponding signature is available.
One signature number corresponds to one SF=16 channelized
coded number.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Available signature
Value Range
Bitstring(16)
Bit0: sig0
..
Bit15: sig15
Bit of 1 refers to available signature.
Default Value 1
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
PRACH signatures distinguish between subscribers. To avoid
the same sending preamble for multiple subscribers, multiple
available signatures are defined in the protocol. A subscriber can
select a random signature before sending. The more signatures
you configure, the smaller probability a conflict occurs.
PRACH Available Subchannel Number
3GPP Name Available Subchannel Number; RACH Subchannel Numbers
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
Chapter 3 Random access parameter
25
3GPP Name Available Subchannel Number; RACH Subchannel Numbers
Field Name AvailSubChanNum
Description
This parameter indicates available subchannel numbers of the
PRACH. The subchannel number defines the available access
timeslot for the PRACH. Each bit indicates whether the
subchannel number is available. Each subchannel number can
correspond to multiple access timeslots.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PRACH available subchannel number
Value Range
Bitstring (12)
bit0: subch0
..
bit11: subch11
Bit of 1 refers to available subchannel
Default Value 4095
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function
Recommended Configuration
An available subchannel number offers an chance for PRACH
access. More subchannel numbers means more access chances.
PRACH Available SF
3GPP Name Available SF
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name AvailableSF
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum available spreading
factor (SF) for the PRACH (namely, the parameter restricts the
maximum transmission rate of the PRACH).
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PRACH available spreading factor
Value Range (32,64,128,256)
Default Value 64
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The PRACH available SF reflects the uploading rate of the
PRACH. The larger the rate, the smaller the SF.
PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code
3GPP Name Preamble scrambling code number; Scrambling Code Number
UMTS Radio Parameter
26
3GPP Name Preamble scrambling code number; Scrambling Code Number
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
Field Name PreamScraCode
Description
This parameter indicates the preamble scrambling code number for
the PRACH. The scrambling code number used by the PRACH is
associated with the downlink primary scrambling code, and a
maximum of 16 scrambling codes are available. This parameter
distinguishes between PRACH physical channels.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PRACH preamble scrambling code
Value Range 0..15
Default Value 0 (PRACH shall be increased by 1 if one value is added)
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The PRACH preamble scrambling code number distinguishes
between physical channels. If multiple PRACH channels are
configured in the cell, you need only to ensure that the scrambling
codes are different between PRACH physical channels.
Initial Dynamic Persistence Level
3GPP Name Dynamic persistence level
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name DynPstLevelInit
Description
This parameter indicates the initial value of the dynamic persistence level
used for calculating the sending possibility of the MAC layer in the event
of ASCi 1. each PRACH should be configured with a dynamic
persistence level. The dynamic persistence levels of multiple PRACH
channels can be broadcasted in SIB 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Initial dynamic persistence level of PRACH
Value Range 1..8
Default Value 1
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
Dynamic persistence level determines the access probability of the MAC
layer. The larger the parameter value, the higher the access probability. If
the cell traffic is low, you can set the parameter value to 1 to avoid access
Chapter 3 Random access parameter
27
3GPP Name Dynamic persistence level
delay as best as possible. If the cell traffic is high, you can reduce the
dynamic persistence level to prevent interference due to the conflict that
occurs during the access process of multiple subscribers. This ensures that
the subscribers can access the network at different points of time.
Maximum Allowed UL TX Power of RACH
3GPP Name Maximum allowed UL TX power
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name MaxRACHTxPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum uplink transmit power used by
the RACH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum transmitting power of RACH
Value Range (-50..33) dBm
Default Value 24dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended Configuration
The configuration is associated with the cell coverage and UE
capabilities. In network planning, you should determine the coverage
according to the UE capabilities, and therefore determine the maximum
transmit power of the PRACH. A larger value is not sure the best. The
parameter value should match the coverage. Otherwise, large
interference occurs.
PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step
3GPP Name Power Ramp Step
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name PRStep
Description
This parameter indicates that the UE needs to ramp up the step on the
basis of the original power after sending one preamble whereas failing
to receive any response from the AICH. The UE then uses this power to
send next preamble.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PRACH preamble power ramp step
Value Range (1..8)dB step 1dB
Default Value 1dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
UMTS Radio Parameter
28
3GPP Name Power Ramp Step
Function -
Recommended Configuration
In general, Power Ramp Step affects the speed of random access of the
UE. Typically, Use the default settings.
Maximum Number of Preamble Being Transmitted
3GPP Name Preamble Retrans Max
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name MaxPreamRetrans
Description
This parameter defines the maximum number of access preambles of
the L1 layer before the layer receives the ACK or NACK response.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum number of preamble being transmitted of PRACH
Value Range 1..64
Default Value 40
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
This parameter indicates the attempts of the physical layer preamble.
Typically, you do not need to change the parameter value.
Sets Lower Bound for Random Back-off of MAC Layer
3GPP Name NB01min
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name NB01min
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum time limit for resending after
NACK is received. When the UE receives the negative response from
the AICH, the MAC layer needs to start the timer Tbo1 so that the
MAC layer can attempt to resend after a specific time. This avoids
frequent refusal.
TBO1 can be set to NBO1 times the interval of 10 ms and randomly
changes in a range. Use this expression to determine NBO1: 0
NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max.
After TB01 expires, a new RACH attempt starts.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Sets lower bound for random back-off of MAC layer
Value Range 0..50
Default Value 3
Chapter 3 Random access parameter
29
3GPP Name NB01min
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The random backoff lower and upper limits of the MAC layer are the
time lengths for waiting for next access after failure to access the
physical layer is determined. The greater the NB01min value, the
longer the time to wait. Typically, use the default settings.
Sets Upper Bound for Random Back-off of MAC Layer
3GPP Name NB01max
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name NB01max
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum time limit for resending after
NACK is received.
When the UE receives the negative response from the AICH, the MAC
layer needs to start the timer Tbo1 so that the MAC layer can attempt to
resend after a specific time. This avoids frequent refusal.
TBO1 can be set to NBO1 times the interval of 10 ms and randomly
changes in a range. Use this expression to determine NBO1: 0
NBO1min NBO1 NBO1max.
After TB01 expires, a new RACH attempt starts.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Sets upper bound for random back-off of MAC layer
Value Range 0..50
Default Value 40
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The random backoff lower and upper limits of the MAC layer are the
time lengths for waiting for next access after failure to access the
physical layer is determined. A greater difference between NBO01max
and NB01min reduces the probability of next conflict after a subscriber
fails to access the network. Typically, use the default settings.
Maximum Number of Preamble Ramping Cycles of RACH
3GPP Name Preamble Retrans Max
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name Mmax
Description This parameter indicates the maximum number of possibilities
UMTS Radio Parameter
30
3GPP Name Preamble Retrans Max
for the MAC layer to attempt to send again. When the
physical layer returns NACK or NO ACK, the number of
attempts of the MAC layer, namely, M increases by 1. When
the value of M exceeds Mmax, the MAC layer exits from the
access process.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum number of preamble ramping cycles of RACH
Value Range 1..32
Default Value 6
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
This parameter indicates the maximum number of access
attempts of the MAC layer. Typically, use the default settings.
AICH Transmitting Power
3GPP Name AICH Power offset; AICH Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
Field Name AichPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the AICH. The
value is an offset relative to the primary pilot power.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name AICH transmitting power
Value Range (-22..5) dB step 1dB
Default Value -7dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended Configuration
The AICH transmit power affects the feedback of the random
access process. Therefore, it is important to set the power.
However, since the AICH power is relative to the pilot channel,
only if the coverage of the pilot channel is guaranteed, the AICH
power offset can meet the requirement with its default value.

31
4 UE call establishment parameter
Call establishment process shall be executed once UE selecting the cell with interaction.
It also shall be executed after staying on the serving cell if subsequent Traffic requests
shall be initiated.
Call establishment process is shown as follows:
UMTS Radio Parameter
32

The Chapter is only to introduce parameters which are not relevant to UE call process
and Radio Resource Management. Parameters related to radio resource management
are introduced in other Chapters.
Waiting Time after UE Sending RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST
Message (T300)
Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter
33
3GPP Name T300
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name T300
Description
This parameter indicates the wait after the UE sends the "RRC
CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST" message.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Waiting time after UE sending RRC CONNECTION SETUP
REQUEST messages (T300)
Value Range
OMCR:
(100,200,400,600,800,1000,1200,1400,1600,1800,2000,3000,4000,6
000,8000) ms
RNC:(0..14)
Default Value 2000ms
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration You should consider at least one loopback delay for this parameter.
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
Message (N300)
3GPP Name N300
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name N300
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum times for resending the
"RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST" message.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Maximum number of retransmission of the RRC CONNECTION
SETUP REQUEST message (N300)
Value Range (0..7)
Default Value 3
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
This parameter offers multiple sending chances for the RRC link
request. Typically, use the default settings.
Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Idle Mode (T312 in Idle Mode)
3GPP Name T312
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
UMTS Radio Parameter
34
3GPP Name T312
Field Name T312Idle
Description
This parameter indicates T312 in idle mode, that is, the time that
the UE waits for the L1 synchronization indication for starting to
establish a dedicated channel.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Waiting time for receiving In Sync from L1 in idle mode (T312
in Idle Mode)
Value Range (1..15)s
Default Value 2s
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer
takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the
time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to
reduce the call success delay.
Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from L1 in Idle Mode (N312 in Idle
Mode)
3GPP Name N312
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name N312Idle
Description
This parameter indicates N312 in idle mode, that is, the number of
consecutive "in sync" indications that the UE receives from L1
before it successfully establishes a dedicated channel.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Maximum number of In Sync received from L1 in idle mode
N312 in Idle Mode
Value Range
OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000)
RNC: ( 0..11)
Default Value 10
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer
takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the
time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to
reduce the call success delay.
Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Connected Mode (T312 in
Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter
35
Connected Mode)
3GPP Name T312
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name T312Connected
Description
This parameter indicates T312 in connected mode, that is, the time
that the UE waits for the L1 synchronization indication for starting
to establish a dedicated channel.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Waiting time for receiving In Sync from L1 in connected mode
(T312 in Connected Mode)
Value Range (1..15)s
Default Value 1s
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer
takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the
time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to
reduce the call success delay.
Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from L1 in Connected Mode (N312 in
Connected Mode)
3GPP Name N312
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name N312Connected
Description
Number of In Sync received from L1 for N312 in idle mode
before successful establishment of special signal channel
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Maximum number of In Sync received from L1 in connected
modeN312 In Connected Mode
Value Range
OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000)
RNC: (0..11)
Default Value 1
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer
takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the
time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to
UMTS Radio Parameter
36
3GPP Name N312
reduce the call success delay.
Waiting Time after DPCCH Established in CELL_DCH State Losing
Synchronization (T313)
3GPP Name T313
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name T313
Description
This parameter indicates the time to wait after the DPCCH in
CELL_DCH state loses synchronization.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Waiting time after DPCCH established in CELL_DCH state losing
synchronizationT313
Value Range (0..15) s
Default Value 3s
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
After "out of sync", the message indicating the real failure should
be reported to the upper layer after a specific time. Therefore, the
parameter value cannot be too small; otherwise, unnecessary link
release will result. Typically, use the default settings.
Maximum Number of Successive "Out of Sync" Received from L1 (N313)
3GPP Name N313
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name N313
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of consecutive "out
of sync" indications received from L1.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Maximum number of successive out of sync received from L1
(N313)
Value Range
OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200)
RNC: (0..7)
Default Value 50
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration After the link is established, because the radio environment
Chapter 4 UE call establishment parameter
37
3GPP Name N313
becomes bad, the link is out of sync. This parameter sends the
indication of this "out of sync" to the upper layer, which was
determined by the physical layer in advance. The parameter value
cannot be too small; otherwise, calls drop in case that a sudden and
short bad change of the environment occurs.
Maximum Number of Successive "In Sync" Received from L1 When T313 is
Activated (N315)
3GPP Name N315
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name N315
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of consecutive "in
sync" indications that the UE receives from L1 in T313 active
state.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Maximum number of successive In Sync received from L1 when
T313 is activated (N315)
Value Range
OMCR: (1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000)
RNC: (0..11)
Default Value 1
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The greater the parameter value, the longer time the physical layer
takes for synchronization. Typically, the principle is to reduce the
time for the physical layer to establish the link, and therefore to
reduce the call success delay.

39
5 Paging parameter
PICH signal channels shall be detected when UE is under CELL_PCH/URA_PCH and
idle states. PCH channel carried by SCCPCH shall be monitored to gain paging
message which is paging type 1.

Calculation formula of paging occasion is shown as follows:
Paging Occasion= (IMSI div K) mod (DRX cycle length) +n * DRX cycle length
In which:
K: It refers to several PICHs.
n =0, 1, 2 as long as SFN is below its maximum value.
Calculation formula of subscribers position in PICH:
PI =DRX Index mod Np
When: DRX Index =IMSI div 8192
Detailed position in PICH shall be calculated as follows:

( ) ( ) ( ) Np
Np
SFN SFN SFN SFN PI q mod
144
144 mod 512 / 64 / 8 / 18

+ + + + =

Mapping of paging indicators P
q
to PICH bits:
Number of paging indicators
per frame (Np)
P
q
=1 P
q
=0
Np=18 {b
16q
, , b
16q+15
} = {1, {b
16q
, , b
16q+15
} ={0,
UMTS Radio Parameter
40
Number of paging indicators
per frame (Np)
P
q
=1 P
q
=0
1,, 1} 0,, 0}
Np=36 {b
8q
, , b
8q+7
} ={1, 1,,
1}
{b
8q
, , b
8q+7
} = {0,
0,, 0}
Np=72 {b
4q
, , b
4q+3
} ={1, 1,,
1}
{b
4q
, , b
4q+3
} = {0,
0,, 0}
Np=144 {b
2q
, b
2q+1
} ={1, 1} {b
2q
, b
2q+1
} ={0, 0}
UE also can receive paging message which is paging type 2 under CELL_DCH status.
DCCH logic channel is adopted so there is no need to calculate paging occasion.
CS Domain Discontinuous Reception (DRX) Cycle Length Coefficient
3GPP Name CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name Kcs
Description
This parameter is used for DRX receiving of the UE in idle,
CELL_PCH connected, and URA_PCH connected states.
The parameter is a constant used to calculate paging occasions, or
say, required intercepting the period of the PICH. The DRX
receiving period is 2k frames. If the UE is in idle state and has
performed attaching operations in the CS domain and PS domain,
the UE selects the minimum value of CN domain specific DRX
cycle length coefficient of both domains as k. otherwise, the UE
selects CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient of the
cross-attaching operation as k.
If the UE is in connected state, it selects the minimum value of
UTRAN DRX cycle length coefficient and CN domain specific
DRX cycle length coefficient of the cross-attaching operation
domain as k.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name CS domain DRX cycle length coefficient
Value Range 6..9
Default Value 6
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The size of Kcs determines the paging period of the CS domain
services. The greater the parameter value, the longer the paging
period. Therefore, subscribers respond to the network slower. CS
domain paging has a higher requirement for real time. Therefore,
Chapter 5 Paging parameter
41
3GPP Name CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient
typically, the parameter should use the minimum value specified
by the protocol.
PS Domain DRX Cycle Length Coefficient
3GPP Name CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name Kps
Description
This parameter is used for DRX receiving of the UE in idle,
CELL_PCH connected, and URA_PCH connected states.
The parameter is a constant used to calculate paging occasions, or
say, required intercepting the period of the PICH. The DRX
receiving period is 2k frames.
If the UE is in idle state and has performed attaching operations in
the CS domain and PS domain, the UE selects the minimum value
of CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient of both
domains as k. otherwise, the UE selects CN domain specific DRX
cycle length coefficient of the cross-attaching operation as k.
If the UE is in connected state, it selects the minimum value of
UTRAN DRX cycle length coefficient and CN domain specific
DRX cycle length coefficient of the cross-attaching operation
domain as k.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PS domain DRX cycle length coefficient
Value Range 6..9
Default Value 6
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
The size of Kps determines the paging period of the PS domain
services. The greater the parameter value, the longer the paging
period. Therefore, subscribers respond to the network slower. PS
domain paging has a lower requirement for real time. This means
that you can configure a larger value of Kcs. However, considering
subscriber experience, the parameter still uses its minimum value.


UTRAN DRX Cycle Length Coefficient
UMTS Radio Parameter
42
3GPP Name UTRAN DRX cycle length coefficient
3GPP Reference TS 25.331
Field Name KUtran
Description
It is used for DRX under idle status and Cell_PCH or URA_PCH
connected state. It can be used to calculate paging occasion which
is a constant required for PICH cycle. DRX cycle is 2
k
.
UE will regard the minimum value of UTRAN DRX cycle length
coefficient and CN domain specific DRX cycle length coefficient
as k.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name UTRAN DRX cycle length coefficient
Value Range 3..9
Default Value 6
Scope RNC
Function -
Recommended Configuration
KUtran is paging cycle in UTRAN side configured for subscribers
without distinguishing PS and CS. A suitable paging cycle shall be
mainly defined from the angle of radio resources in radio side.
Number of Paging Indicators per PICH Frame
3GPP Name Number of PI per frame; PICH Mode
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification;
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
Field Name Np
Description
The parameter indicates the number of paging indicators per
PICH frame.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Number of paging indicators per PICH frame
Value Range (18, 36, 72, 144)
Default Value 18
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended Configuration
Np indicates the number of subscribers of the PICH. The larger
Np is, the larger the number of subscribers can be indicated.
However, the actual number of subscribers that the PICH
indicates is associated with the subscriber message carried over
the PCH. Therefore, the parameter value cannot be too large. A
smaller value ensures that the sent data bits can be repetitive and
Chapter 5 Paging parameter
43
3GPP Name Number of PI per frame; PICH Mode
the power resource can be smaller.
Sending Times of One Paging Message
3GPP Name -
3GPP Reference -
Field Name PagingSendTimes
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum times for sending a paging
message.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Sending times of one paging message
Value Range 1..6
Default Value 3
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function -
Recommended Configuration
This parameter improves the success rate of receiving a paging
message by a subscriber. Typically, set the parameter value to 3.
PCH Transmitting Power
3GPP Name PCH Power
3GPP Reference TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
Field Name PchPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PCH mapped
to the SCCPCH, which is relative to the power offset of the power
of the PCPICH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PCH transmitting power
Value Range (-35..15) dB step 0.1dB
Default Value -3dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended Configuration
PCH is carried over the SCCPCH. Typically, this parameter is
used when only the PCH is carried over the SCCPCH. Therefore,
when configuring this power, you need to only ensure that PCH
can be corrected decoded at the edges of the cell. Typically, use
the default settings.
PICH Transmitting Power
UMTS Radio Parameter
44
3GPP Name PICH Power offset; PICH Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signaling
Field Name PichPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the transmit power of the PICH. It is an
offset relative to the primary pilot power.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name PICH transmitting power
Value Range (-10.. 5) dB step1 dB
Default Value -7dB
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended Configuration
PICH power is also relative to the PCPICH power and associated
with Np. Currently, the default value is the power offset in case of
Np=18. The power should decrease with the increase of Np.

45
6 Power control parameter
UMTS power control includes power control of open loop, internal loop and external
loop. Open loop power control is actually used to configure original transmitting power
and set the maximum and minimum transmitting power for internal loop power control.
Therefore, power control of open and internal loops shall be placed together.
6.1 Basic principle of internal loop power control
Basic process of internal loop power control
Receiving end will measure signal to interference ratio (SIREb/No) for every
received radio chain circuit then compared with target signal to interference ratio
required for Traffic.
Return control message to send a transmitted power control-TPC command of which
bit value is 0 to sender if SIR>=SIR
target
.
A TPC command of which bit value is 1 will be returned to sender by Downlinkcontrol
channel if SIR<SIR
target
.
Sender will determine increasing/decreasing transmitting power according to received
TPC command and designated power control algorithm. Adjustment amplitude
TPC_cmdTPC_STEP_SIZE (TpcStepSize)
1. Uplinkinternal loop power control
Uplinkinternal loop power control is used for NodeB to adjust UE transmitting power
according to received SIR of DPCCH and target SIR.
There are 2 algorithms for uplinkinternal loop power control.
The 1st algorithm is internal loop power control for every time slot and the 2nd
algorithm is internal loop power control for every 5 time slots.
Downlinkinternal loop power control
Downlinkinternal loop power control is used for UE to adjust NodeB transmitting
power according to received DPCH SIR and target SIR.
There are 2 modes for Downlinkinternal loop power control.
UMTS Radio Parameter
46
The 1st mode is internal loop power control for every time slot and the 2nd mode is
internal loop power control for every 3 time slots.
DPCH PC Preamble Length
3GPP Name PC preamble; PC Preamble
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name DpcchPcpLen
Description
This parameter indicates the length of the DPCH power control
(PC) preamble. For the uplink DPCH channel, the PC preamble
should be sent prior to the data channel, and closed-loop power
control has been started the time the PC preamble is sent. This
best ensures that the power of the data channel meets the
requirement.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH PC preamble length
Value Range (0..7) Frames step 1
Default Value 0 Frames
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
DPCH PC Preamble Length has the same purpose of SrbDelay.
You need to configure only one of them.
SRB Delay
3GPP Name SRB delay; SRB Delay
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signaling"
Field Name SrbDelay
Description
This parameter indicates the number of SRB delay frames.
Upon the time to send the uplink DPDCH data, the signaling
data RB0RB4 in the SRB delay frame is not sent.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name SRB delay
Value Range (0..7) Frames step 1
Default Value 7Frames
Scope UTRAN Cell
Function Power Control
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
47
3GPP Name SRB delay; SRB Delay
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that of
DpcchPcpLen.
Uplink Internal Loop Power Control Algorithm
3GPP Name Power Control Algorithm
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name UlIlPcAlg
Description
This parameter indicates which inner loop power control
algorithm should be used. For algorithm 1, inner loop power
control is carried out per hour. For algorithm 2, inner loop
power control is carried out every five timeslots.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Uplink Internal Loop Power Control Algorithm
Value Range
1: The 1
st
algorithm
2: The 2
nd
algorithm
Default Value The 1
st
algorithm
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
Typically, if the channel is stable, algorithm 1 should be used. If
channel fading is serious, and radio quality features large
fluctuation, algorithm 2 should be used.
TPC Step Size of UplinkInternal Loop
3GPP Name TPC step size
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name TpcStepSize
Description
This parameter indicates the adjustable step size of the uplink
inner loop power control. This parameter should be configured
only when algorithm 1 is selected as the uplink inner loop
power control algorithm. For algorithm 2, the default step size
is 1, and you should use the default value.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name TPC step size of uplinkinternal loop
Value Range (1,2) dB
Default Value 1dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
UMTS Radio Parameter
48
3GPP Name TPC step size
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
When algorithm 1 is selected as the uplink inner loop power
control algorithm, TPC step size is adjustable. Typically, the
parameter value should allow the UE to trace the change of the
channel conditions under worst circumstances and maintain the
QoS in time according to the conditions of the UE in the cell,
such as speed and fading. In addition, when the channel is
stable, the step size should be able to keep the power fluctuation
stable. Typically, the default settings can meet the requirement.
DPC Mode of DownlinkInternal Loop
3GPP Name DPC Mode
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name DPCMode
Description
This parameter indicates which algorithm for downlink inner
loop power control should be used. There are two algorithms for
downlink inner loop power control, that is, Single TPC and TPC
triplet in soft. No matter which algorithm is used, the UE must
be notified.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPC mode of Downlinkinternal loop
Value Range
0 : Single time slot mode
1: 3-time-slot mode
Default Value Single time slot mode
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that of
UlIlPcAlg.
TPC DL Step Size
3GPP Name FDD TPC Downlink Step Size;
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name TpcDlStep
Description
This parameter indicates the adjustable step size of the
downlink inner loop power control. Typically, in the event of a
good radio environment set the parameter to a large value.
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
49
3GPP Name FDD TPC Downlink Step Size;
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name TPC DL Step Size
Value Range (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2) dB
Default Value 1dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that of
TpcStepSize.
DPCH Maximum DL Power
3GPP Name Maximum DL Power; Maximum DL TX Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name MaxDlDpchPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum downlink transmit
power of the DPCH. When the downlink inner loop power
control is executed, the new transmit power must be smaller
than or equal to the DPCH maximum downlink transmit power.
If the calculated new transmit power is greater than the
configured DPCH maximum downlink transmit power, it must
be changed as equal to the DPCH maximum downlink transmit
power.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH maximum DL power
Value Range (-35..15) dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value
Conversational DL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 0 dB
Conversational DL 13.6kbps Signaling:0dB
Conversational DL WAMR 6.60~23.85kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video): 3dB
Conversational DL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 28.8kbps: -6dB
Conversational DL CS 32kbps: -4dB
Conversational DL CS 64kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL CS 14.4kbps: -7dB
Streaming DL CS 28.8kbps: -6dB
Streaming DL CS 57.6kbps: -4dB
Streaming DL CS 64kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL PS 16kbps:-4dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
50
3GPP Name Maximum DL Power; Maximum DL TX Power
Streaming DL PS64kbps: 1dB
Streaming DL PS384kbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS128kbps: 2dB
Interactive DL PS 8kbps:-8dB
Interactive DL PS 16kbps:-4dB
Interactive DL PS64kbps: 1dB
Interactive DL PS384kbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS128kbps: 2dB
Background DL PS 8kbps:-8dB
Background DL PS 16kbps:-4dB
Background DL PS64kbps: 1dB
Background DL PS384kbps: 4dB
Background DL PS128kbps: 2dB
Streaming DL CS64kbps: 3dB
Interactive DL PS 1.2Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 3.65Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 7.2Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 10.1Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 14.0Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 1.2Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 3.65Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 7.2Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 10.1Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 14.0Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 1.2Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 3.65Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 7.2Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 10.1Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 14.0Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 17.6Mbps: 4dB
Interactive DL PS 21.096Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 17.6Mbps: 4dB
Background DL PS 21.096Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 17.6Mbps: 4dB
Streaming DL PS 21.096Mbps: 4dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter configuration restricts a single subscriber on use
of the cell power resource. Whether the configuration is correct
affects the cell throughput. The configuration principle is that
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
51
3GPP Name Maximum DL Power; Maximum DL TX Power
the parameter must be configured according to the Ec/No
required by the service and processing gain. The configuration
should be able to maintain the basic QoS of the service and
ensure the performance of the total cell throughput. Typically,
the larger the rate, the larger the maximum transmit power.
DPCH Minimum DL Power
3GPP Name Minimum DL Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name MinDlDpchPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum downlink transmit power
of the DPCH. When the downlink inner loop power control is
executed, the new transmit power must be greater than or equal
to the DPCH maximum downlink transmit power. If the
calculated new transmit power is smaller than the configured
DPCH maximum downlink transmit power, it must be changed
as equal to the DPCH minimum downlink transmit power.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH Minimum DL Power
Value Range (-35..15) dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value
Conversational DL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): -13dB
Conversational DL 13.6kbps Signaling:-13dB
Conversational DL WAMR 6.60~23.85kbps: -15dB
Conversational DL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video) : -10dB
Conversational DL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: -15dB
Conversational DL CS 28.8kbps: -15dB
Conversational DL CS 32kbps: -15dB
Conversational DL CS 64kbps: -10dB
Streaming DL CS 14.4kbps: -15dB
Streaming DL CS 28.8kbps: -15dB
Streaming DL CS 57.6kbps: -15dB
Streaming DL CS64kbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 16kbps:-15dB
Streaming DL PS 64kbps: -15dB
Streaming DL PS 384kbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 128kbps: -15dB
Interactive DL PS 8kbps:-15dB
Interactive DL PS 16kbps:-15dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
52
3GPP Name Minimum DL Power
Interactive DL PS 64kbps: -15dB
Interactive DL PS 384kbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 128kbps: -15dB
Background DL PS 8kbps:-15dB
Background DL PS 16kbps:-15dB
Background DL PS 64kbps: -15dB
Background DL PS 384kbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 128kbps: -15dB
Interactive DL PS 1.2Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 3.65Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 7.2Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 10.1Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 14.0Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 1.2Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 3.65Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 7.2Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 10.1Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 14.0Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 1.2Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 3.65Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 7.2Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 10.1Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 14.0Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 17.6Mbps: -10dB
Interactive DL PS 21.096Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 17.6Mbps: -10dB
Background DL PS 21.096Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 17.6Mbps: -10dB
Streaming DL PS 21.096Mbps: -10dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter configuration ensures the minimum QoS of a
service. Therefore, whether the configuration is correct greatly
affects QoS sense of subscribers. The configuration principle is:
The minimum power should be able to maintain the basic
service QoS according to the Ec/No and processing gain
required by the service.
DPCH PO1 in TFCI Domain
3GPP Name PO1
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
53
3GPP Name PO1
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name DpchPO1
Description
This parameter indicates the power offset between the TFCI
field and the data field of the downlink DPCH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH PO1 in TFCI domain
Value Range (0..6) dB step 0.25 dB
Default Value
Conversational DL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM) : 0dB
Conversational DL 13.6kbps Signaling:0dB
Conversational DL WAMR 6.60k~23.85kbps : 0dB
Conversational DL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video) : 0dB
Conversational DL NAMR 4.75k~12.2k: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 28.8kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 32kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 14.4kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 28.8kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 57.6kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS128kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 8kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 64kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS128kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 8kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS64kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 128kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
54
3GPP Name PO1
Background DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The offset of the TFCI field is relative to the data typically, to
guarantee the correctness of the control field, the larger the data
field rate, the larger its power, and the small of the difference of
the DPCH control field.
DPCH PO2 in TPC Domain
3GPP Name PO2
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name DpchPO2
Description
This parameter indicates the power offset between the TPC field
and the data field of the DPCH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH PO2 in TPC domain
Value Range (0..6) dB step 0.25 dB
Default Value
Conversational DL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 3dB
Conversational DL 13.6kbps Signaling:3dB
Conversational DL WAMR 6.60~23.85kbps : 3dB
Conversational DL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video) 3dB:
Conversational DL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: 3dB
Conversational DL CS 28.8kbps: 3dB
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
55
3GPP Name PO2
Conversational DL CS 32kbps: 3dB
Conversational DL CS 64kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL CS 14.4kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL CS 28.8kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL CS 57.6kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL CS64kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL PS 16kbps:3dB
Streaming DL PS 64kbps: 3dB
Streaming DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Interactive DL PS 8kbps:3dB
Interactive DL PS 16kbps:3dB
Interactive DL PS 64kbps: 3dB
Interactive DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Background DL PS 8kbps:3dB
Background DL PS 16kbps:3dB
Background DL PS 64kbps: 3dB
Background DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Interactive DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
56
3GPP Name PO2
Streaming DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that
ofDpchPO1.
DPCH PO3 in PILOT Domain
3GPP Name PO3
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name DpchPO3
Description
This parameter indicates the power offset between the PILOT
field and the data field of the downlink DPCH.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name DPCH PO3 in PILOT domain
Value Range (0..6) dB step 0.25 dB
Default Value
Conversational DL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 0dB
Conversational DL 13.6kbps Signaling: 0dB
Conversational DL WAMR 6.60~23.85kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video): 0dB
Conversational DL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 28.8kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 32kbps: 0dB
Conversational DL CS 64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 14.4kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 28.8kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS 57.6kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL CS64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 64kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 128kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 8kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 64kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 128kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 8kbps: 0dB
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
57
3GPP Name PO3
Background DL PS 16kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 64kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 384kbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 128kbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 1.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 3.65Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 7.2Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 10.1Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 14.0Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Interactive DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Background DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 17.6Mbps: 0dB
Streaming DL PS 21.096Mbps: 0dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that of
DpchPO1.
Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH Transmission Power
3GPP Name
Maximum allowed UL TX power; Maximum Allowed UL Tx
Power
3GPP Reference
TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signaling"
Field Name MaxUlDpchPwr
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum transmit power of the
uplink DPCH of the UE. When the uplink inner loop power
control is executed, the new transmit power calculated by the
UMTS Radio Parameter
58
3GPP Name
Maximum allowed UL TX power; Maximum Allowed UL Tx
Power
UE may exceed the parameter value. In this case, the UE must
follow the configured uplink DPCH maximum transmit power.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH Transmission Power
Value Range (-50..33) dBm step 1
Default Value 33dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
-
6.2 Basic principle of external loop power control
Internal loop power control is to control SIR of single chain circuit to be close to SIR
Target. As an auxiliary method, basic principle of external loop power control is that
receiver will adjust SIR Target slowly according to actual data receiving quality to
guarantee no influence to Traffic quality due to variation of radio environment and
maintain relatively constant communication quality.
External loop power control process is shown as follows:

Overall process of closed loop power control:
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
59
NodeB
RN
C
SIRtarget Externalloop
powercontrol:Adjust
SIRtargetaccordingto
transmissionchannel
quality.
UE
MeasureSIR
accordingto
received
DPCCH
Receive
TPC
Determineand
feedbackTPC
commandaccording
toSIRofreceived
DPCCH
Compare
withSIR
andSIR
target
Receive
transmission
channel
messages
Determineandadjust
transmittingpower

Uplink Initial SIR Target
3GPP Name UL SIR Target
3GPP Reference
TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling
TS 25.423: UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling
Field Name ULInitSIR
Description
This parameter indicates the initial value of the target
signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) of the uplink physical channel.
The target SIR is the standard for uplink inner loop power
control. This parameter affects the convergence speed of power
control.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Uplink initial SIR target
Value Range (-8.2..17.3) dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value
Conversational UL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 5.0dB
Conversational UL 13.6kbps Signaling:5dB
Conversational UL AMR 6.60~23.85kbps: 4dB
Conversational UL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video): 6dB
Conversational UL NAMR4.75~12.2kbps: 4dB
Conversational UL CS 28.8kbps: 6.0dB
Conversational UL CS 32kbps: 6.0dB
Conversational UL CS 64kbps: 6.0dB
Streaming UL CS 14.4kbps: 4dB
Streaming UL CS 28.8kbps: 6.0dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
60
3GPP Name UL SIR Target
Streaming UL CS 57.6kbps: 6.0dB
Streaming UL CS 64kbps: 6.0dB
Streaming UL PS 16kbps:4dB
Streaming UL PS 64kbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 384kbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS128kbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 8kbps:4dB
Interactive UL PS 16kbps:4dB
Interactive UL PS 64kbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 384kbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS128kbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 8kbps:4dB
Background UL PS 16kbps:4dB
Background UL PS 64kbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 384kbps: 6dB
Background UL PS128kbps: 6dB
Streaming UL CS64kbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 1024kbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 2.048Mbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 4.096Mbps: 6dB
Interactive UL PS 5.76Mbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 1024kbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 2.048Mbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 4.096Mbps: 6dB
Background UL PS 5.76Mbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 1024kbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 2.048Mbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 4.096Mbps: 6dB
Streaming UL PS 5.76Mbps: 6dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is associated with the service rate. Typically, the
smaller the rate, the smaller the parameter value; the greater the
rate, the greater the parameter value.
Maximum Uplink SIR Target
3GPP Name Maximum Uplink SIR
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
61
3GPP Name Maximum Uplink SIR
3GPP Reference TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name ULMaxSIR
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum target SIR of the uplink
link. This value restricts the adjustable range of the target SIR of
outer loop power control.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Maximum uplink SIR target
Value Range (-8.2..17.3) dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value
Conversational UL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 15dB
Conversational UL 13.6kbps Signaling:15dB
Conversational UL AMR 6.60~23.85kbps: 15dB
Conversational UL 64kbps (PS Conversational Video): 15dB
Conversational UL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: 15dB
Conversational UL CS 28.8kbps: 15dB
Conversational UL CS 32kbps: 15dB
Conversational UL CS 64kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL CS 14.4kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL CS 28.8kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL CS 57.6kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL CS 64kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 16kbps:15dB
Streaming UL PS 64kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 384kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 128kbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 8kbps:15dB
Interactive UL PS 16kbps:15dB
Interactive UL PS 64kbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 384kbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 128kbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 8kbps:15dB
Background UL PS 16kbps:15dB
Background UL PS 64kbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 384kbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 128kbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 1024kbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 2.048Mbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 15dB
Interactive UL PS 4.096Mbps: 15dB
UMTS Radio Parameter
62
3GPP Name Maximum Uplink SIR
Interactive UL PS 5.76Mbps: 17.3dB
Background UL PS 1024kbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 2.048Mbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 4.096Mbps: 15dB
Background UL PS 5.76Mbps: 17.3dB
Streaming UL PS 1024kbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 2.048Mbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 4.096Mbps: 15dB
Streaming UL PS 5.76Mbps: 17.3dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is associated with the service rate. Typically, the
greater the rate, the greater the parameter value.
Minimum Uplink SIR Target
3GPP Name Minimum Uplink SIR
3GPP Reference TS 25.423: "UTRAN Iur interface RNSAP signalling"
Field Name ULMinSIR
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum value of the target SIR of
the uplink link. This parameter restricts the adjustable range of
the target SIR of outer loop power control.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element
Name
Minimum Uplink SIR Target
Value Range (-8.2..17.3) dB step 0.1 dB
Default Value
Conversational UL 3.4kbps Signaling(AM): 2.0dB
Conversational UL 13.6kbps Signaling:2.0dB
Conversational UL AMR 6.60~23.85kbps: 0.5dB
Conversational UL 64kbps(PS Conversational Video): 2.0dB
Conversational UL NAMR 4.75~12.2kbps: 0.5dB
Conversational UL CS 28.8kbps: 2.0dB
Conversational UL CS 32kbps: 2.0dB
Conversational UL CS 64kbps: 2.0dB
Streaming UL CS 14.4kbps: 0.5dB
Streaming UL CS 28.8kbps: 2.0dB
Streaming UL CS 57.6kbps: 2.0dB
Streaming UL CS 64kbps: 2.0dB
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
63
3GPP Name Minimum Uplink SIR
Streaming UL PS 16kbps:0dB
Streaming UL PS 64kbps: 2.0dB
Streaming UL PS 384kbps: 2dB
Streaming UL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Interactive UL PS 8kbps:0dB
Interactive UL PS 16kbps:0dB
Interactive UL PS 64kbps: 2.0dB
Interactive UL PS 384kbps: 2dB
Interactive UL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Background UL PS 8kbps:0dB
Background UL PS 16kbps:0dB
Background UL PS 64kbps: 2.0dB
Background UL PS 384kbps: 2dB
Background UL PS 128kbps: 2dB
Interactive UL PS 1024kbps: 4.0dB
Interactive UL PS 2.048Mbps: 4.0dB
Interactive UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 4.0dB
Interactive UL PS 4.096Mbps: 4.0dB
Interactive UL PS 5.76Mbps: 4.0dB
Background UL PS 1024kbps: 4.0dB
Background UL PS 2.048Mbps: 4.0dB
Background UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 4.0dB
Background UL PS 4.096Mbps: 4.0dB
Background UL PS 5.76Mbps: 4.0dB
Streaming UL PS 1024kbps: 4.0dB
Streaming UL PS 2.048Mbps: 4.0dB
Streaming UL PS 3. 072Mbps: 4.0dB
Streaming UL PS 4.096Mbps: 4.0dB
Streaming UL PS 5.76Mbps: 4.0dB
Scope UTRAN Cell, Service and Diversity Mode Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is associated with the service rate. Typically, the
greater the rate, the greater the parameter value.
Uplink SIR Target Up Step Size
3GPP Name -
3GPP Reference -
Field Name UlSirTargUpStep
Description This parameter indicates the upward adjustable step size of the
UMTS Radio Parameter
64
3GPP Name -
target SIR of uplink outer loop power control. Asymmetric
mode is taken to set the upward and downward adjustable steps
so as to recover the communication quality as soon as possible
in the event that the environment becomes worse and slowly
reduce the communication quality (more reliable) in the event
that the environment becomes better.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Uplink SIR Target Up Step Size
Value Range (0.1..0.5) dB step 0.1dB
Default Value
UL 384K (PS): 0.5dB
Other: 0.3dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The parameter should be set in view of the environment of the
cell where the UE resides in, such as speed and fading. This
makes the UE trace the change of the channel condition even in
the worst circumstances. In addition, when the channel is stable,
the system can maintain stable fluctuation of the power. Often,
the worse the channel condition, the greater the parameter
value. Typically, you should use the default value. The outer
loop power control should follow the principle of quick increase
and slow decrease. Quick increase is to ensure that the system
can quickly keep up with the change of the environment. Slow
decrease avoids call drop or bad subscriber experience due to
the quick decrease of the target SIR.
Uplink SIR Target Down Step Size
3GPP Name -
3GPP Reference -
Field Name UlSirTargDnStep
Description
This parameter indicates the downward adjustable step size of
the target SIR of uplink outer loop power control. Asymmetric
mode is taken to set the upward and downward adjustable steps
so as to recover the communication quality as soon as possible
in the event that the environment becomes worse and slowly
reduce the communication quality (more reliable) in the event
that the environment becomes better.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
Chapter 6 Power control parameter
65
3GPP Name -
GUI Element Name Uplink SIR Target Down Step Size
Value Range (0.1..0.5) dB step 0.1dB
Default Value 0.1dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Power Control
Recommended
Configuration
The recommended configuration is the same as that of
UlSirTargUpStep.

67
7 Control parameter switch
The switch control includes the switch of synchronization frequency, frequencies and
systems, which is introduced as below.
7.1 Basic principle of intra-frequency switch
Intra-frequency switch refers to the switch of UE in the cell of UTRAN
synchronization frequency point with the continuity of Traffic ensured. The
inter-frequency switch is based on the switch of measurement. The inter-frequency
measurement includes active set measurement, monitoring set measurement and
detective set measurement.
The active set refers to the cell collection keeping radio link connection with UE.
The monitoring set refers to the cell collection, which keeps no radio link connection
with UE, sending message to UE for measurement through the measurement control of
synchronization frequency.
The detective set refers to the cell collection with synchronization frequency excluding
the cell in the active set and detective set.
The principle of inter-frequency is beased on the related actions of event execution
through measurement. The detail definition and handling process of event is as follows:
1. Event 1A
Event 1A means that the quality of certain cell outside the active set gets better. The
related target cell can be added into the active set when receiving 1A event to improve
the gain of more macro diversities. UE will report 1A to RNC when the cell enters into
the reporting range of the following formula.
/2) H (R LogM 10 W) (1 M Log 10 W CIO LogM 10
1a 1a Best
N
1 i
i New New
A
+

+

=

In which: the definition for each parameter is as follows:
The reporting range of R
1a
1A event is used for controlling the difficulty level of cells
being added into active set (RptRange).
UMTS Radio Parameter
68
The report lag of H
1a
1A event is used for controlling the difficulty level of cells being
added into active set (Hysteresis (Intra)).
M
New
is the measurement of cell outside the active set to be evaluated.
CIO
New
is the offset of cell outside the active set compared to other cell
(CellIndivOffset (utranRelation).
M
i
is the mean value of other cell excluding the best cell in the active set.
N
A
is the number of other cell excluding the best cell in the active set.
M
Best
is the measurement of the best cell for the active set.
W is used for the weighting proportion (W) of the best cell and other cell in the active
set for the evaluation criterion.

From the formula it can be seen that enlarging R1a (1A event meets the reporting range
of event quality standard) or decreasing H1a (lag range for judgement) can increase the
probability of 1A event. On the contrary, the probability of 1A event can be decreased.
1A event supports the periodical report. In other words, the 1A event will be reported
periodically (PrdRptInterval) until the event doesnt meet the report condition or the
reporting time reaches the allowable maximum value (PrdRptAmount) when UE
detects the reporting range meeting quality standard of 1A event.
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
69
1A event wont be reported when the number of cell in the active set reaches certain
threshold (RptDeactThr) due to the limitation of number of active set.
2. Event 1B
Event 1B means that the quality of certain cell in the active set is bad with the related
cell deleted from active set when receiving 1B event. UE will report 1B to RNC when
the cell enters into the reporting range of the following formula.
/2) H (R LogM 10 W) (1 M Log 10 W CIO LogM 10
1b 1b Best
N
1 i
i Old Old
A
+ +

+

=

In which:
The reporting range of R
1b
1B event is used for controlling the difficulty level of cells
being deleted from active set (RptRange).
The report lag of H
1b
1B event is used for controlling the difficulty level of cells being
deleted from active set (Hysteresis (Intra)).
M
Old
is the measurement of cell outside the active set to be evaluated.
CIO
Old
is the offset of cell outside the active set compared to other cell (CellIndivOffset
(utranCell).
M
i
is the mean value of other cell excluding the best cell in the active set.
N
A
is the number of other cell excluding the best cell in the active set.
M
Best
is the measurement of the best cell for the active set.
W is used for the weighting proportion (W) of the best cell and other cell in the active
set for the evaluation criterion.
UMTS Radio Parameter
70

3. Event 1C
Event 1C means that the quality of certain cell outside the active set is better than the
quality of certain cell inside the active set. The related cell outside the active set can be
used to replace the cell inside the active set when receiving 1C event to get better
macro diversity. UE will report 1C to RNC when the cell meets the formula below.
/2 H CIO LogM 10 CIO LogM 10
1c InAS InAS New New
+ + +
In which:
The report lag of H
1c
1C event is used for controlling the difficulty level of cells being
replaced from active set (Hysteresis (Intra)).
M
New
is the measurement of cell outside the active set to be evaluated.
M
InAS
is the cell with the worst quality in the active set.
CIO
New
is the offset of worst cell inside the active set compared to other cell
(CellIndivOffset (utranCell).
CIO
InAS
is the offset of the cell outside the active set to be evaluated compared to other
cell (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)).
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
71

4. Event 1D
Event 1D means that the quality of certain cell inside the active set or outside the active
set is better than the quality of the best cell in the current active set. In other words, the
best cell of inter-frequency has changed. The soft adding (the reported 1D event of the
cell outside active set and the number of link inside the active dont reach maximum
value) and soft replacement (the reported 1D event of the cell outside active set and the
number of link inside the active reach maximum value) or the change of serving cell
(focusing on HS-DSCH/E-DCH channel) can be triggered when receiving 1D event.
UE will report 1D to RNC when the cell meets the formula below.
/2 H CIO LogM 10 CIO LogM 10
1d Best Best NotBest NotBest
+ + +
In which:
M
NotBest
is the measurement of cell inside or outside the active set to be evaluated.
CIO
NotBest
is the offset of cell inside the active set to be evaluated compared to other
cell (CellIndivOffset (utranCell) or the offset of cell outside the active set to be
evaluated compared to other cell (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)).
CIO
Bes
is the offset of cell inside the active set to be evaluated compared to other cell
(CellIndivOffset (utranCell).
M
Best
is the measurement of cell inside the active set to be evaluated.
UMTS Radio Parameter
72
H
1d
is the report lag of 1d event (Hysteresis (Intra)).
From the formula it can be seen that enlarging R1d (lag range for judgement) can
decrease the probability of 1D event. On the contrary, the probability of 1D event can
be increased.
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A/1B
3GPP Name Reporting Range Constant
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter controls the triggering of 1a/1b event. The larger
the parameter is, the easily 1a event triggers with the 1b event
difficult to be triggered. On the contrary, 1a event is difficult to
be triggered with 1b event easily triggering when the value
decreases.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Reporting range of meeting event quality standard for 1a or 1b
event
Value Range (0..14.5)dB step 0.5dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [3, 5, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [6, 8, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [4]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [7]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined mainly according to the principle
of the macro diversity "increase easily, decrease difficultly". In
case that the new is not very poor, it is added to the macro
diversity. However, if it is poor, it is removed out of the macro
diversity. According to this principle, it is easy to reach the state
of maximum macro diversity. This is the same as reaching the
maximum macro diversity gain. In this case, bad links can be
removed out of the macro diversity through the processing of
event 1c. For event 1a, the greater the parameter value is, the
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
73
3GPP Name Reporting Range Constant
lower the determination threshold of the event 1a is, and the
easier event 1a is triggered. For event 1b, the greater the
parameter value is, the higher the determination threshold of
event 1b is, the harder event 1b is triggered. The smaller the
parameter value is, the harder event 1a is triggered, and the
easier event 1b is triggered.
Weight for Event 1A/1B
3GPP Name W
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name W [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter determines the quality of event 1a/1b and
indicates the weight in quality determination of a a cell with
best signal quality. The parameter is associated with the
measure and event type.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Weight for Event 1A/1B
Value Range (0.0..2.0) step 0.1
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [0.0]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [0.0]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the weight of the cell with best signal
quality. Typically, the configuration is based on the cell with
best signal quality.
Hysteresis
3GPP Name Hysteresis
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
UMTS Radio Parameter
74
3GPP Name Hysteresis
Description
This parameter indicates whether the determination event
satisfies the hysteresis of event triggering condition. It makes a
difference between the triggered state and the trigger released
state of an event. This parameter helps avoid the trigger state
change in case of a small change.
The greater the parameter value, the greater the threshold
difference between the triggered state and the trigger released
state of an event.
This parameter is associated with the measure and event type.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Hysteresis
Value Range (0..7.5) dB step 0.5dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [0, 0, 4, 4, 2,
2, 4]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [4, 4, 6, 6,
4, 4, 6]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [2]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [6]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the switching Determination hysteresis
for event 1a/1b/1c, and act on the determination of triggering of
event 1a/1b/1c. When you determine this parameter, you should
ensure that a small change of the signal will not trigger event
reporting of event 1a/1b and ensure timely triggering of event
1c/1d. The greater the parameter value is, the harder event
1a/1b/1c/1d is triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the
easier event 1a/1b/1c/1d is triggered. For event 1a and event 1b,
typically, a smaller value is configured to reflect signal change
as soon as possible. For event 1c and event 1d, a greater value is
preferred. Otherwise, toggle switching occurs. Also, the
parameter value cannot be to large; otherwise, switching will be
delayed, and therefore serious call drop situation occurs.
Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
75
3GPP Name Reporting deactivation threshold
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name RptDeactThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of cells allowed
in the active set. When the UE detects that the measurement
result of a active set satisfied the threshold for determining
event 1a, it first needs to determine whether the number of cells
in the current set is smaller than or equal to the parameter value.
If yes, event 1a is triggered; otherwise, event 1a is not triggered.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Maximum number of allowable cell in the active cell.
Value Range (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Default Value
This parameter should be configured only for event 1a.
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [2, -, -, -, -, -,
-]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [2, -, -, -, -,
-, -]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [6]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [6]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
The size of the active set is restricted. When the number of cells
in the active set reaches a threshold (RptDeactThr), event 1a is
no longer reported. However, the macro diversity gain obtained
from the number of links in the active set does not follow linear
increase. Typically, when the number of macro diversity links is
set to 3, an ideal gain is obtained.
Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J
3GPP Name Replacement activation threshold
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name RplcActThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum number of cells allowed
in the active set in the event that event 1c is triggered, or
indicates the minimum number of cells allowed in the active
UMTS Radio Parameter
76
3GPP Name Replacement activation threshold
E-DCH set in the event that event 1j is triggered. When the UE
detects that the measurement result of a active set satisfied the
threshold for determining event 1c/1j, it first needs to determine
whether the number of cells in the current set is smaller than the
parameter value. If yes, event 1c/1j is not triggered. If the
parameter value is 0, it is invalid.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Minimum number of allowable cell in the active cell.
Value Range (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Default Value
This parameter should be configured only for event 1c and
event 1j.
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [-, -, 3, -, -, -,
3]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [-, -, 3, -, -,
-, 3]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [-]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [-]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
To ensure the switching of macro diversity gain, event 1c is
allowed to report only when the number of cells in the active set
reaches a threshold (RplcActThr). In other words, typically,
event 1c is triggered as an replacement in the event that the
active set is full.
Time to Trigger
3GPP Name Time to trigger
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the time difference between monitored
event occurrence and event reporting. An event is triggered and
reported only when the event is detected and the condition for
triggering the event is always satisfied during the trigger period
indicated by the parameter.
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
77
3GPP Name Time to trigger
The larger the value is, the stricter the trigger of the event is
determined. However, the time length should be set according
to the actual requirement. This is because a larger time affects
the communication quality.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Time to trigger
Value Range
(0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280,
2560, 5000) ms
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [200, 640,
320, 320, 200, 200, 320] ms
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [200, 200,
200, 200, 200, 200, 200] ms
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [200]
ms
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [200]
ms
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of sudden signal change.
If the signal quality of a cell becomes unstable, and therefore
the related event is triggered, switching processing might be
invalid in the meantime, and call drop might occur in case that
the situation is serious. To avoid this situation, in the preset time
period, an event is reported to UTRAN only when the signal
quality always meets the requirement. This ensures the
effectiveness of switching. The greater the parameter value is,
the harder event 1a/1b/1c/1d is triggered; the smaller the
parameter value is, the easier event 1a/1b/1c/1d is triggered.
However, the parameter value must be greater than the
intra-frequency periodic measurement time 200 ms. Otherwise,
the parameter configuration is meaningless.
Amount of Reporting for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J
3GPP Name Amount of reporting
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
UMTS Radio Parameter
78
3GPP Name Amount of reporting
Field Name EvtRptAmount[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of measurement
reports after event 1a/1b/1c/1j is triggered (because event
1a/1b/1c/1j is periodically reported after triggered). When the
event is triggered, the UE reports the measurement result
according to the reporting interval. If the amount of reporting
exceeds the parameter value, the UE stops reporting the
measurement result. If the determination result indicates that
event 1a/1b/1c/1j stops, even if the amount of reporting still
satisfies the parameter value, the UE will also stop reporting the
measurement result.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Amount of Reporting for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J
Value Range (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, Infinity)
Default Value
This parameter should be configured only for event 1a, 1c, and
1j.
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [4, -, 4, -, -,
-, 4]
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [4, -, 4, -, -,
-, 4]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: [1]
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure: [1]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
To ensure event reporting reliability, periodic reporting is used
after the event is triggered. However, considering the flow of
the air interface, frequent and excessive reporting should be
avoided. Therefore, the reporting period and amount should be
restricted. Typically, use the default settings.
Reporting Interval for Event 1A/1B /1C/1J
3GPP Name Reporting interval
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name EvtRptInterval[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
79
3GPP Name Reporting interval
Description
This parameter indicates the periodic reporting interval of the
measurement result after event 1a/1b/1c/1j is triggered (because
event 1a/1b/1c/1j is periodically reported after triggered). When
the event is triggered, the UE reports the measurement result
according to the reporting interval. If the amount of reporting
exceeds the parameter value, the UE stops reporting the
measurement result. If the determination result indicates that
event 1a/1b/1c/1j stops, even if the amount of reporting still
satisfies the parameter value, the UE will also stop reporting the
measurement result.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the intra-frequency measure events. The value is 7.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Reporting Interval for Event 1A/1B /1C/1J
Value Range (0, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 8000, 16000) ms
Default Value
This parameter should be configured only for event 1a, 1c, and
1j.
Periodic report parameter for the Ec/No measure: -
UE event report parameter for the Ec/No measure: [2000, -,
2000, -, -, -, 2000]ms
Periodic report parameter for the RSCP measure: -
UE event report parameter for the RSCP measure: [2000, -,
2000, -, -, -, 2000]ms
Detection set parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure:
[2000]ms
Detection set parameter for the CPICH RSCP measure:
[2000]ms
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
To ensure event reporting reliability, periodic reporting is used
after the event is triggered. However, considering the flow of
the air interface, frequent and excessive reporting should be
avoided. Therefore, the reporting period and amount should be
restricted. Typically, use the default settings.
Cell Individual Offset
3GPP Name Cell Individual Offset
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
UMTS Radio Parameter
80
3GPP Name Cell Individual Offset
Field Name CellIndivOffset
Description
This parameter indicates the cell individual offset. An offset is
allocated for each monitored cell. The offset can be positive or
negative. The offset should be added to the measure before the
UE evaluates whether an event has occurred. Using a positive
offset, the number of measurement reports sent by the UE like
PCPICH is x dB better than the actual value. Similarly, a
negative offset can be used for CPICH. In this case, the
reporting of PCPICH is restricted. Using the cell individual
offset, the related cell will possibly (or at least temporarily)
work as the switched target cell or be removed from the active
set.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Cell Individual Offset
Value Range
OMCR: (-10..10) dB step 0.5
RNC:D=(P+10)*2,0..40
Default Value 0dB
Scope
UTRAN Cell, GSM Neighboring Cell, UTRAN Neighboring
Cell
Function Mobility Management
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the individual characteristics of the
measured cell. You can use the same set of switching
configuration parameters on the entire network, and then use
CellIndivOffset to show the difference between cells. For
example, you can set a greater value of CellIndivOffset for the
environment (such as corner) requiring quick switching for
easier switching, and you can set a smaller value for the
environment that does not require quick switching for harder
switching. This parameter should be customized for some
special cells according to the specific situation of the radio
environment.
7.2 Basic principle of inter-frequency switch
The inter-frequency refers to that UE switches to another frequency point from one
frequency point of UTRAN network. The purpose of inter-frequency is to ensure the
service continuity and load sharing. Ensuring the service continuity is based on the
switch of inter-frequency measurement. The load sharing of inter-frequency is based on
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
81
the blind switch of coverage or inclusion relation. The background of inter-frequency
switch triggered by load sharing includes load balancing and load control.
The evaluation criterion for carrier wave of intra-frequency:
j Best j
N
1 i
j i j j frequency frequencyj
LogM 10 ) W (1 M Log 10 W LogM 10 Q
j A
+

= =

=

In which:
Q
frequency j
is the (virtual) active set quality of J carrier wave, namely the measuring
result of J carrier wave (dB for Ec/No, dBm for RSCP).
M
frequency j
is the measuring physical value of (virtual) active set for J carrier wave (ratio
for Ec/No, mW for RSCP).
M
i j
is the measuring physical value of I cell for J carrier.
N
A j
is the cell number in the (virtual) active set for J carrier (excluding the best cell).
M
Best j
is the measuring result of the bset cell in the (virtual) active set for J carrier.
W
j
is the weighting of the best cell in the (virtual) active set during the process of
carrier wave measuring (WnoUsed or Wused)
The definition and handling process of event for inter-frequency are as follows:
1. Event 2A
2A: the best carrier frequency is changed. This event is used for the determination of
inter-frequency switch for RNC. The compression mode needs to be started when UE
measures and reports the event.
/2 H Q Q
2a Best NotBest
+
In which:
Q
NotBest
is the measuring result of current non-best carrier wave.
Q
Best
is the measuring result of current best carrier wave.
H
2a
is the delay parameter of switch determination for 2A event (Hysteresis (Inter))
2. Event 2B
2B: the quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold and the quality of
non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold. This event is used for the
UMTS Radio Parameter
82
determination of inter-frequency switch for RNC. The compression mode needs to be
started when UE measures and reports this event.
/2 H T Q
2b 2b used Non used Non
+ And /2 H T Q
2b 2b Used Used

In which:
Q
Non used
is the measuring result of current non-using carrier wave.
T
Non used 2b
is the absolute threshold of good qality of non-using carrier wave for 2b
event determination (ThreshNoUsedFreq).
H
2b
is the delay parameter of 2b event determination (Hysteresis (Inter)).
Q
Used
is the measuring result of current used carrier frequency.
T
Used 2b
is the absolute threshold of bad qality of non-using carrier wave of using carrier
wave for 2b event determination (ThreshUsedFreq).
3. Event 2C
2C: the quality of non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold. This event
is used for the determination of inter-frequency switch for RNC. The compression
mode needs to be started when UE measures and reports this event.
/2 H T Q
2c 2c used Non used Non
+
In which:
Q
Non used
is the measuring result of current non-using carrier wave.
T
Non used 2c b
is the absolute threshold of good qality of non-using carrier wave for 2c
event determination (ThreshNoUsedFreq).
H
2c
is the delay parameter of 2c event determination (Hysteresis (Inter)).
4. Event 2D
2D: the quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold. This event
measures the signal quality of current using carrier frequency, which doesnt need to
start compression mode. However, this event is used for triggering event of 2A/2B/2C
measurement by starting compression mode.
/2 H T Q
2d 2d Used Used

In which:
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
83
Q
Used
is the measuring result of current using carrier wave.
T
Used 2b
is the absolute threshold of bad qality of using carrier wave for 2d event
determination (ThreshUsedFreq).
H
2b
is the delay parameter of 2d event determination (Hysteresis (Inter)).
5. Event 2E
2E: the quality of non-working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold. This event
is used for judging signal quality of non-working carrier frequency, which can be used
as the triggering event of triggering intersystem switch.
/2 H T Q
2e 2e used Non used Non

In which:
Q
Non used
is the measuring result of current non-using carrier wave.
T
Non used 2e
is the absolute threshold of good qality of non-using carrier wave for 2e
event determination (ThreshNoUsedFreq)
H
2e
is the delay parameter of 2e event determination (Hysteresis).
6. Event 2F
2F: the quality of working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold. This event
measures the signal quality of current using carrier frequency, which doesnt need to
start compression mode. However, this event is used for triggering event of closing
compression mode when the current started compression mode measures 2A/2B/2C.
/2 H T Q
2f 2f Used Used
+
In which:
Q
Used
is the measuring result of current using carrier wave.
T
Used 2f
is the absolute threshold of bad qality of using carrier wave for 2f event
determination (ThreshUsedFreq).
H
fe
is the delay parameter of 2f event determination (Hysteresis (Inter)).
Introduction to compression mode:
There are two methods for the generation of compression mode frame:
1. Halving of SF
UMTS Radio Parameter
84
The halving of SF is fulfilled through enlarging the empty bandwidth of traffic. In this
way, part of the slot time in the same radio frame can be specially used for measuring
inter-frequency and intersystem and part of the slot time can be specially used for data
bit transmission. The transmission strategy of SF halving is generally used for the
traffic with high requirement for time delay and minimal guarantee demand for data
rate, such as the PS data traffic of CS and S.
2. High-level scheduling
The substance of high-level scheduling is that the high-level regulates the rate of data
transmission. Part of the slot time in the same radio frame can be specially used for
measuring inter-frequency and intersystem and part of the slot time can be specially
used for data bit transmission on condition that the empty bandwidth doesnt change. It
is generally used for non-real-time traffic with low requirement for time delay, such as
the PS data traffic of I/B.
The GAP used for sending/receiving (measurement) can be placed in one radio frame
or between two radio frames when the compression mode is started. It is shown in the
figure below:
#14 #N
first
-1
(1) Single-frame method
(2) Double-frame method
First radio frame Second radio frame
Radio frame
Transmission gap
Transmission gap
#0
#14
#N
last
+1
#N
first
-1 #N
last
+1 #0

Position of transmission gap (TG)
Sequence of compression mode:
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
85

Transmission
gap 2
TGSN
TGL2
TG pattern 1
#TGPRC
gap 1
Transmission
TGD
TGPL1
TG pattern 1
TGL1
#1 #2 #3 #4 #5
TG pattern 1 TG pattern 1 TG pattern 1 TG pattern 1 TG pattern 1

Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B/2D/2F
3GPP Name Threshold used frequency
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold (for quality
determination of the current carrier frequency) configured for
event 2b/2d/2f.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is 6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Absolute Threshold for Quality Determination of the Used
Carrier Frequency in Event 2b/2d/2f
Value Range
CPICH RSCP: (-115..-25 ) dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: (-24..0) dB step 1dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [-24, -13, -24, -13, -24, -5] B
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: [-115, -95, -115, -95, -115, -80] dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of movement continuity
and guarantee of subscriber experience. In case that the carrier
frequency is bad, compression mode and intra-frequency
UMTS Radio Parameter
86
3GPP Name Threshold used frequency
measurement should be started for switching to avoid call drop
or poor QoS.
For event 2B (smaller than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the easier intra-frequency switching is
triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the harder
intra-frequency switching is triggered.
For event 2D (smaller than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the easier compression mode is started for
intra-frequency and inter-system measurement; the smaller the
parameter value is, the harder compression mode is started.
For event 2F (greater than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the harder compression mode is closed to
stop intra-frequency and inter-system measurement; the smaller
the parameter value is, the easier compression mode is closed to
stop intra-frequency and inter-system measurement.
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F
3GPP Name W used frequency
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name Wused[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used for quality determination of the current
used carrier frequency, and indicates the weight (for event 2a,
2b, 2d, or 2f) of the RNC with best signal quality. It is
associated with the measure and event type.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is 6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F
Value Range (0.0..2.0 ) step 0.1
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0]
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: [0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
87
3GPP Name W used frequency
Recommended
Configuration
-
Hysteresis
3GPP Name Hysteresis
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates whether the determination event
satisfies the hysteresis of event triggering condition. It makes a
difference between the triggered state and the trigger released
state of an event. This parameter helps avoid the trigger state
change in case of a small change. This parameter varies with the
event and can be set to different values.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is 6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Hysteresis
Value Range (0, 0.5..14.5) dB step 0.5dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4] dB
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: [4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4]dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
The greater the parameter value is, the harder event
2A/2B/2C/2D/2E/2F is triggered; the smaller the parameter
value is, the easier event 2A/2B/2C/2D/2E/2F is triggered
Time to Trigger
3GPP Name Time to trigger
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name TrigTime[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the time difference between monitored
event occurrence and event reporting. An event is triggered and
reported only when the event is detected and the condition for
UMTS Radio Parameter
88
3GPP Name Time to trigger
triggering the event is always satisfied during the trigger period
indicated by the parameter. The larger the value is, the stricter
the trigger of the event is determined. However, the time length
should be set according to the actual requirement. This is
because a larger time affects the communication quality.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is 6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Time to Trigger
Value Range
(0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280,
2560, 5000) ms
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [100, 100, 100, 640, 100, 640]
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: [100, 100, 100, 640, 100, 640]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter indicates the time difference between monitored
event occurrence and event reporting. In other words, during the
preset period, an event that satisfies the triggering of event
2A/2B/2C/2D/2E/2F is reported to UTRAN. This parameter is
determined in view of sudden signal change. If the signal
quality of a cell becomes unstable with great changes, and
therefore the related event is triggered, switching processing
might be invalid in the meantime, and call drop might occur in
case that the situation is serious. To avoid this situation, in the
preset time period, an event is reported to UTRAN only when
the signal quality always meets the requirement. This ensures
the effectiveness of switching. The greater the parameter value
is, the harder event 2A/2B/2C/2D/2E/2F is triggered; the
smaller the parameter value is, the easier event
2A/2B/2C/2D/2E/2F is triggered.
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E
3GPP Name Threshold non used frequency
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
89
3GPP Name Threshold non used frequency
Field Name ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold (for quality
determination of the current unused carrier frequency)
configured for event 2a/2b/2c/2e.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is 6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency
for 2A/2B/2C/2E
Value Range
CPICH RSCP: (-115..-25 )dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: (-24..0) dB step 1dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [-24, -5, -5, -24, -13, -24] dB
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: [-115, -50, -50, -115, -95, -115] dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of movement continuity
and guarantee of subscriber experience. In case that the local
carrier frequency is bad, and the quality of the intra-frequency
neighboring cell satisfies the condition, switching is determined
to avoid call drop or poor QoS.
For event 2B (greater than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the harder intra-frequency switching is
triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the easier
intra-frequency switching is triggered.
For event 2C (greater than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the harder intra-frequency switching is
triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the easier
intra-frequency switching is triggered.
For event 2E (smaller than the threshold), the greater the
parameter value is, the easier the intra-frequency measurement
is stopped and inter-system measurement is started; the smaller
the parameter value is, the harder the intra-frequency
measurement is stopped and inter-system measurement is
started.
UMTS Radio Parameter
90
Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E
3GPP Name W non-used frequency
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name WNoUsed[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used for quality determination of the
current unused carrier frequency, and indicates the weight
(for event 2a, 2b, 2c, or 2e) of the RNC with best signal
quality. It is associated with the measure and event type.
MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum
number of the inter-frequency measure events. The value is
6.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2a/2b/2c/2e
Value Range (0.0..2.0 ) step 0.1
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
Ec/No measure: [0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0]
UE periodic event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP
measure: -
UE intra-frequency event report parameter for the CPICH
RSCP measure: [0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-frequency Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
-
7.3 Basic principle of intersystem switch
The intersystem refers to that UE switches to another radio access system from one
radio access system. It focuses on that UE switches to GERAN system from UTRAN
access system (switching GERAN system to UTRAN system is the policy of GERAN
system). The purpose of intersystem is to ensure the service continuity and load sharing.
Ensuring the service continuity is based on the switch of intersystem measurement. The
load sharing of intersystem is based on the blind switch of coverage or inclusion
relation. The background of intersystem switch triggered by load sharing includes load
balancing and load control.
The definition and handling process of event for intersystem switch are as follows:
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
91
1. Event 3A
3A: the quality of current used UTRAN carrier frequency is lower than a threshold and
the quality of other radio system is higher than a threshold. It is used for the
determination of intersystem switch.
/2 H T Q
3a Used Used
And /2 H T CIO M
3a RAT Other RAT Other RAT Other
+ +
In which:
Q
Used
is the quality evaluation of operating frequency for UTRAN.
T
Used
is the absolute threshold of current operating frequency (Thresh).
H
3a
is the delay parameter of 3A event determination (Hysteresis (Rat)).
M
Other RAT
is the quality measuring result of other systems.
CIO
Other RAT
is the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation)).
T
Other RAT
the absolute threshold of good qality for other systems (ThreshSys).
2. Event 3C
3C: the quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold, which can be used for
the determination of intersystem.
/2 H T CIO M
3c RAT Other RAT Other RAT Other
+ +
In which:
M
Other RAT
is the quality measuring result of other systems.
CIO
Other RAT
is the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset (gsmRelation)).
T
Other RAT
the absolute threshold of good qality for other systems (ThreshSys).
H
3c
is the delay parameter of 3C event determination (Hysteresis (Rat)).
In the event determination of intersystem, when the carrier wave meets the reporting
range or threshold of certain event, the event can be reported by the meeting of lasting
a period of time (TrigTime (Rat)) in order to avoid the intra-frequency event
misdeclaration caused by fluctuation of carrier wave quality.
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A
3GPP Name Threshold own system
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
UMTS Radio Parameter
92
3GPP Name Threshold own system
Field Name Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that needs to
be configured for the quality of the UTRAN cell in the event
that the UE determines event 3a. The value range and unit are
associated with the measure of the UTRAN cell.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum number
of the inter-system measure events. The value is 4.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3a
Value Range
CPICH RSCP: (-115..-25 )dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: (-24..0) dB step 1dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: [-6, -24, -24, -24]
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: [-95, -115, -115, -115]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-RAT Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of movement continuity
and guarantee of subscriber experience. In case that the local
carrier frequency is bad, and the measured quality of the
inter-system neighboring cell is better, inter-system switching
should be carried out to avoid call drop or poor QoS.
The greater the parameter value is, the easier inter-system
switching is triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the
harder inter-system switching is triggered.
Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A
3GPP Name W
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name W[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used for quality determination of the quality
of the UTRAN system in inter-system measurement, and
indicates the weight of the best cell in the determination of
event 3a.
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
93
3GPP Name W
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum number
of the inter-system measure events. The value is 4.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Weight of the UTRAN System for 3a
Value Range (0.0..2.0) step 0.1
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: [0, -, -, -]
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: [0, -, -, -]
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-RAT Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
-
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C
3GPP Name Threshold other system
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold configured for
event 3a/3b/3c for determination of the quality of other
systems. The value range and unit are related to the
measurement amount of other system cell. Currently, the
measure can only be GSM Carrier RSSI of the GSM system,
corresponding to CPICH RSCP of the system. Therefore, the
value range and unit of the parameter correspond to CPICH
RSCP.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum number
of the inter-system measure events. The value is 4.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3a/3b/3c
Value Range
CPICH RSCP: (-115..-25 ) dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: (-24..0) dB step 1dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: -
UMTS Radio Parameter
94
3GPP Name Threshold other system
UE event report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: [-90, -95, -95, -115] dBm
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: [-90, -95, -95, -115] dBm
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-RAT Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of movement continuity
and guarantee of subscriber experience. In case that the local
carrier frequency is bad, and the measured quality of the
inter-system neighboring cell is better, inter-system switching
should be carried out to avoid call drop or poor QoS.
For event 3A/3C, the greater the parameter value is, the harder
inter-system switching is triggered; the smaller the parameter
value is, the easier inter-system switching is triggered.
Determination Hysteresis
3GPP Name Determination Hysteresis
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates whether the determination event
satisfies the hysteresis of event triggering condition. It makes a
difference between the triggered state and the trigger released
state of an event. This parameter helps avoid the trigger state
change in case of a small change.
The greater the Hysteresis value is, the greater the threshold
difference between the triggered state and the trigger released
state of an event is.
This parameter is associated with the measure and event type.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT represents the maximum number
of the inter-system measure events. The value is 4.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name Determination Hysteresis
Value Range (0, 0.5..7.5) dB step 0.5dB
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
Chapter 7 Control parameter switch
95
3GPP Name Determination Hysteresis
measure: [4, 4, 2, 4] dB
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: [4, 4, 4, 4] dB
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-RAT Handover)
Recommended
Configuration
The greater the parameter value is, the harder event 3A/3C is
triggered; the smaller the parameter value is, the easier event
3A/3C is triggered.
Time Difference Between Event Occurrence and Event Reporting (Time to
Trigger)
3GPP Name Time to trigger
3GPP Reference TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
Field Name TrigTime [MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the time difference between monitored
event occurrence and event reporting. An event is triggered and
reported only when the event is detected and the condition for
triggering the event is satisfied during the trigger period
indicated by the parameter.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of
inter-system events. The value is 4.
Description of data item of radio parameter message
GUI Element Name
Time Difference Between Event Occurrence and Event
Reporting
Value Range
(0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280,
2560, 5000) ms
Default Value
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH Ec/No local system
measure: [100, 100, 100, 100] ms
Periodic report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: -
UE event report parameter for the CPICH RSCP local system
measure: [100, 100, 100, 100] ms
Scope UTRAN Cell and Service Related
Function Handover Control (Inter-RAT Handover)
UMTS Radio Parameter
96
3GPP Name Time to trigger
Recommended
Configuration
This parameter is determined in view of sudden signal change.
If the signal quality of a cell becomes unstable with great
changes, and therefore the related event is triggered, switching
processing might be invalid in the meantime, and call drop
might occur in case that the situation is serious. To avoid this
situation, in the preset time period, an event is reported to
UTRAN only when the signal quality always meets the
requirement. This ensures the effectiveness of switching.