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Personal Hygiene Meaning of Personal Hygiene o What is personal hygiene? What are things that need to be cleaned?

? o Personal hygiene refers to the cleaning and grooming of the body. In addition to improving appearance, personal hygiene is an important form of protection against disease and infections of all kinds. o Personal hygiene requires the cleaning of all parts of the body (face, hair, body, legs and hands). o Practice of personal hygiene should be carried out as daily, weekly, and monthly activities. o In addition to ones personal hygiene and cleanliness of ones home and its surrounds, places you frequent should also be clean what are some of those places? o When you get up in the morning and before you come to work, what are some personal hygiene habits that you normally practice? Purpose o The main purpose of personal hygiene is to prevent illness and improve appearance, but hygiene also plays an important role in social acceptance and can either improve or hinder a persons reputation in social situations. Misconceptions o While many items are marketed as personal hygiene products, some have little effect on actual cleanliness. (Can you name a few?) Perfume, cologne, hairspray and cosmetic products such as makeup do not play a role in maintaining hygiene and should be considered optional products tied to grooming. Considerations o Each person has slightly different standards and ideas about personal hygiene. Individual practices can vary greatly depending on factors such as a persons upbringing, personal preference, lifestyle and culture. (What are some other considerations?) While personal hygiene is important for maintaining public health and preventing disease, discussions about personal hygiene should be approached tactfully to avoid offending others. Challenges o What do you think are some challenges to personal hygiene? What are some of the reasons why a person would not practice good personal hygiene? Elderly Mental illness Poverty Ignorance of proper hygiene methods

Restricted lifestyles (military service, incarceration, camping)

Reasons for Personal Hygiene o What do you think are reasons to practice good personal hygiene? Disease prevention Illness wash hands often to prevent the spread of disease

Appearance (nice smile) Dental disease (discoloration) Bad breath o Bad breath can be caused by diseases of the teeth, gums and mouth, such as infections. Most people have bad breath first thing in the morning because saliva is not made while youre asleep. Some foods that can cause bad breath include garlic and onion. Mouth washes, mouth sprays and flavored chewing gum can make your breath smell better for a while, but if you have a health problem in your mouth, you need to see your dentist.

Lower health care costs eliminate unnecessary visits to doctor and dentist Dandruff prevention clean and comb to prevent dandruff and other scalp disorders Self-esteem people react more positively How does a person feel when they do not practice good personal hygiene? Why? Can good personal hygiene help a person feel good about his/her self? How? Depression

Sex appeal appeal to potential partner Social acceptance Will others be affected if you do not practice good personal hygiene daily? Why? Social problems bullying, taunting, and teasing Body odor o Chemicals in sweat, including pheromones, which are made by the body and sexually attract (or repel) other people. o Wastes excreted through the skin, such as metabolized alcohol. o The actions of bacteria that live on the skin and feed on dead skin cells and sweat. o Use deodorant

Professional acceptance difference in being hired and promotions Being a role model set example for others

Pain prevention periodontal disease cause chronic mouth pain, main cause of gum disease is plaque buildup which can be reduced with proper oral hygiene

Types of Personal Hygiene o How do you take care of your body? o Is it necessary to practice personal hygiene every day? Why? o Personal Hygiene Basics Body Shower or bath using soap and warm water helps wash away dirt and bacteria that may lead to odor Skin diseases such as ringworm, scabies, sweat fungi

Hair & Nails Shampooing your hair and massaging your scalp will wash away dirt, oil buildup and dead skin cells. You may need to shampoo more or less often depending on your hair type. Conditioning your hair after shampooing can make it easier to comb out. Nails that are kept trim and groomed will prevent germs and grime from spreading over everything you touch, including food. Germs in between fingers and finger nails cause contagious diseases such as diarrhea, worms Nails that become too long and/ or are rough and torn can scratch and cut an individuals skin and may result in a local infection. Athletes foot, a fungus that causes an inflammation , cracking, and peeling of the skin between the toes and can also infect the toenails is of particular concern, and must be treated as soon as it is noted. Trimming the nail too short may ause ingrown nails that can be painful and cause infection.

Hands and feet Washing your hand throughout the day with soap and water can help ward off the spread of bacteria and viruses. Always cleanse your hands before preparing food and eating meals and after using the bathroom, coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose. Washing your feet at least once a day is also important to good personal hygiene. Dry your feet thoroughly, especially in the bacteria prone area between your toes.

When do you usually wash your hands? Do you think this is sufficient for disease prevention? Why or why not?

Grooming Good grooming practices are vital to personal hygiene. Its easy for socks and underclothes to collect dead skin cells and sweat because they sit up against your skin. Change your underwear and put on a fresh pair of socks every day. Putting on clean clothes make you look and feel good about yourself. Shave, cut hair, trim beard or mustache, clean clothes Shave safely to avoid nicks and cuts that can lead to infection Shaving with a non-electric razor o Washing removes oil and bacteria from the skin and helps to raise the hair shafts so it will be easier to shave. o An electric razor may work better for an individual with skin allergies. o Shaving cream softens the skin and helps the razor glide over the skin to prevent nicking and cutting. o Shaving in the direction the hair grows makes a smoother shave and helps prevent irritating skin. o Rinse the razor often to remove hair and shaving cream so the cutting edge stays clean. o Short strokes give better control of the razor and help prevent nicks and cuts. o Left-over shaving cream can irritate and dry the skin. Rubbing freshly shaven skin can be irritating. o Use a mirror to inspect the job. o Alcohol in aftershave acts as an antiseptic for tiny nicks and cuts. It also has a cooling and refreshing sensation.

Oral Good oral hygiene includes brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once. Keeping your teeth clean helps clear away food particles and plaque that may lead to tooth decay and gum disease. Teeth and mouth have to be cleaned because they emit bad odors, cause mouth and dental disease such as cavities, gingivitis, gum disease, stomach disorders due to indigestion


Poor sleep hygiene is a widespread problem. Establishing a set bedtime and awakening time may help improve sleep hygiene. Resisting the urge to take naps or keeping them brief and avoiding alcohol and caffeine for a minimum of four hours before going to bed may promote higher quality sleep.

o Besides personal hygiene practices, what other habits should you have in order to have good health? Why do you need these habits? o Drinking impure water can cause cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, typhoid, and hepatitis A. o Improper sewage and garbage disposal can lead to spreading of contagious diseases through rats, mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches, and stray animals. Only fly proof latrines should be used and garbage disposed of properly. o What kind of hygiene needs do you think people with chronic illnesses, such as HIV/AIDS or TB have? How can you avoid catching a disease, and how is it spread? Facts About Personal Hygiene o Proper hand washing technique Using soap and water versus hand sanitizer; paper towels used to turn off water and open bathroom door o Sneezing technique Color of snot can indicate infection

o Cleaning fruits and vegetables Dirt and chemicals

o Cooking food to proper temperature Salmonella, E. coli

o Exercise Helps with stress and overall health

o Perineal Care Last plae to to wash body to prevent spreading germs. Foreskin - A build-up of secretions called smegma can form under the foreskin of uncircumcised men. If you are uncircumcised, gently pull back the foreskin when you have a shower and clean with water. You can use soap if you like, but make sure you rinse it off well. o Cleaning ears Wax build up

o Belly button cleaning Bacteria and lint from clothes

o Mens underwear & undershirts

Your boys will produce more sperm if they're hanging free 'n' easycooler temps means higher production. More air, less bacteria and room for growth and odor. Cotton is a breathable material for underwear. Wear clothes that fit.

o Did you learn something new? What did you learn? There are many factors that contribute to feeling and looking good. It is important to each individuals emotional and physical well-being. Cowdell, F. (2011). Older people, personal hygiene, and skin care. MedSurg Nursing, 20(5), 235-240.