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Hemp

Hemp is a commonly used term for varieties of the Cannabis plant and its products, which include fiber, oil, and seed. hemp is used for industrial purposes including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, construction , body products, health food and bio-fuel

In india The Vedas refer to cannabis as one of the five sacred plants Referred to as a source of happiness, a joygiver, a liberator Compassionately given to humans to help attain delight, lord is Shiva associated with cannabis, also referred to as bhang in India. as mentioned in atharvveda Shiva wandered into the fields after a family tiff. Drained, he fell asleep under a leafy plant. After waking up, he sampled the plant's leaves. Rejuvenated, he made it his favorite food. In the middle ages | Soldiers often drank bhang before entering battle, just as Westerners took a swig of whisky.

During the Raj | The British found the use of cannabis extensive They commissioned a study in the late 1890s It concluded suppressing herbal cannabis use would be unjustifiable. In the mid-1950s, govt concluded workers use bhang to feel refreshed at the end of the day Hindus continue to use bhang for religious purposes.

How it became illegal In begning of 19th century us govrnmnt was working on the problem of increase in use of hard drugs like coke,smack etc in the country. Near 1910 various fedral laws started to be framed against the use of these drugs.and to the surprise of everybody cannabis was also included in the banned drugs list.as cannabis was a way of life for the ppl in usa it was not easy for the government to completely ban cannabis,in 1920-30s govts opted for yellow journalism techniques through media.

Yellow journalism is essentially journalism where stories with catchy headlines are put into the mainstream media to get attention, yet these stories are not well researched or backed up. They are often used simply to create public opinion. They created various advertisements where they referd cannabis as a deadly drug. They called it a devils drug and related it with murders,rapist etc. Next came several films like Reefer Madness (1936), Marihuana: Assassin of Youth (1935) and Marihuana: The Devils Weed (1936) which were all propaganda films designed to create an enemy out of cannabis.these movies has Acts of shocking violence Incurable insanity Souldestroying effects Commiting crimes Under the influence of the drug. With all of these films, the goal was to gain public support so that anti-marijuana laws could be passed without objection. Illegal in India
The 1961 "single convention on narcotic drugs" was the first ever international treaty to have clubbed cannabis (or marijuana) with hard drugs and imposed a ban on their production. The dominant view on cannabis in the UN deliberations leading to the 1961 treaty led Rajiv Gandhi government came up with a law in 1985 conforming to the 1961 treaty : the narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances Act (NDPS).

According to this law cultivating, possession , consuming , transporting drugs were illegal which included cannabis.

Why illegal?

it is unhealthy
addictive

It has "no accepted medical use."

"gateway drug."

Facts and benefits

In 10,000 years of known use of cannabis, there's never been a single death attributed to marijuana.
It cannot lead to a fatal overdose as you need to consume 1500 pounds in 15 minutes for it to be fatal

Those addicted to alcohol face a greater risk than marijuana users."

about 200 different medical conditions respond favorably to cannabis as supported by various research projects 10 of the most notable diseases that marijuana has been proven to help are Alzheimer's disease Migraines

Epilepsy Arthritis Depression Anxiety Hepatitis C Cancer, HIV/AIDS and chemotherapy

Cannabinoids can prevent cancer, reduce heart attacks by 30% and insulin dependent diabetes by 58%. Cannabis are ranked least addictive among the other 6 addictive substances (cannabis, caffeine, cocaine, alcohol, heroin and nicotine) with caffeine the second least addictive and nicotine the most.[19] Cannabis has least or no withdrawl symptoms Various studies from 1999 to 2010 showed no links between cannabis and use of other hard drugs

A different view? Pharmaceuticals is a business, and legalizing marijuana would mean losing hundreds of billions of dollars to a single, naturally occurring plant that anyone could grow in their backyard. The same goes for the hundreds of businesses in the paper and fabric industries that would lose profits to hemp substitutes.

Problems faced due to cannabis being illegal


Gave rise to black marketing

Helped in introducing hard drugs like coak,smak heroine.


patients suffering from host of diseases such as AIDS, cancer, depression, Alzheimer's can't get benefit of marijuana because it's illegal

dr sanjay gupta

an Indian American neurosurgeon an assistant professor of neurosurgery at Emory University School of Medicine chief reporter of cnn 2 time emmy award winning correspondent His books Chasing Life and Cheating Death were New York Times and national bestsellers served in white house in 1997-98 as advisor to Hillary Clinton n January 2011, he was named "one of the 10 most influential celebrities" by Forbes magazine

dr sanjay guptas weed in 2009 dr sanjay gupta wrote an article in times magazine titled "Why I would Vote No on Pot." Well, I am here to apologize. Documentary weed released on 16-8-13

Conclusion
Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis, particularly in North America, South America and Europe. The medicinal use of cannabis is legal in a number of countries, including Canada, the Czech Republic and Israel possession is legal or effectively legal in the Netherlands, North Korea to be legalized soon in uruguay as bill have passed decriminalized in india. Hardly any research work carried out in field of cannabis legalized in 19 states for medical uses and legalized in 4 states for recreational uses