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Artiste

Scott Joplin Bessie Smith Jelly Roll Morton Sidney Bchet James P. Johnson Louis Armstrong Bix Beiderbeeke 1868-1917

poque/Style
Ragtime (18801915)

Caractristiques de l'artiste
Pianiste, compositeur de Ragtime le plus prolifique Chanteuse, l'Impratrice du blues Piano, considr le 1er compositeur de jazz. Clarinette et saxophone soprano. Crole = instruit. 1er utiliser le sax soprano en jazz, virtuose de l'instrument et bon improvisateur. Vibrato puissant, technique classique, influence du blues. Piano, 1er grand pianiste de Stride , et premier intgrer les inflexions du blues au piano. Trompette, soliste et improvisateur de gnie. Phras rythmique. Libert d'expression, imprvisible, rinvente des mlodies, prend de plus en plus de place comme soliste. Trompette, 1er grand musicien de jazz blanc. Influenc par Louis Armstrong, mais aussi musique europenne, donc plus sophistiqu. Gammes 6 notes, accords #11. Pianiste, 1er musicien important pour big band. A tudi musique classique, va produire arrangements pour big band, 1ers enregistrements dans les annes 20 (1er big band officiel). Pianiste, arrangeur, vient de Kansas City, donc influenc par le blues (sud). Arrangements plus simples, plus de place l'impro et riffs trs rythmiques. Pianiste. Compositeur de gnie (grands standards) et aussi chanteur. Grand soliste, lve de J.P Johnson. Sax tnor. "Pre" du sax tnor (jusque l peu utilis dans le jazz). Impro "verticale", i.e. harmonique, arpges d'accords (contraire au blues impro mlodique linaire) Voix. 1re grande chanteurse de jazz, introspection, profondeur, motion et timbre unique, toute en subtilits, approche "laid-back". Influence de L. Armstrong, joue avec Hawkins. Piano, soliste. La virtuosit extrme, sa technique n'a jamais t dpasse. Improvisateur, innovateur au niveau harmonique avec dissonances et substitution d'accords. Base: le stride. Clarinette, chef d'orchestre, surnomm "King of Swing". Technique impeccable, virtuose, super improvisateur, musicien classique qui a bien intgr le blues (et les noirs dans son orchestre). Chanteuse. Grande tendue vocale et grande connaissance du rpertoire (standards). Flexibilit, sait improviser, assimile des lments de bebop (solos sax) dans ses scats. Guitariste. Virtuose, 1er europen en jazz, introduit le violon et le swing de L. Armstrong dans le blues et le style traditionnel manouche. il invente le style Jazz manouche (sans vents ni cuivres) Pianiste, chef d'orchestre (Moten). Band reconnu pour sa cohsion rythmique, quintessence du swing. Piano "comping" et motifs rythmiques bass sur riffs, beaucoup de place aux solistes. Sax tenor. Approche plus mlodique, plus lyrique, plus ludique, plus are, moins charge que C. Hawkins. Musicien le + important entre Armstrong et Parker, The Prez va laisser sa trace longtemps Guitariste lectrique, 1er comme soliste. Influence et style de L.Young avec blues et connaissance pousse du jazz. Prcurseur du Bebop, trs avant-gardiste pour son poque. Pianiste, compositeur prolifique. Arrangeur, sonorits nouvelles, exploite le "son" de ses solistes, beaucoup de place. Combinaison d'instruments, timbres nouveaux, pousse l'orchestration au max. Trompette (et piano). Novateur, virtuose (notes extrmes), substitutions d'accords, chromatique, bmol5 (dissonances), meilleur rep du bebop, 1er intgrer rythmes cubains Sax alto. Dveloppe le "Bird" blues. Influence blues/soul de KC et aussi Art Tatum, plus mlodique que les autres bebop. Considr gnie, joue avec les "upper structures" accords 11e et 13e Piano. Excentrique. Influence Elington. Peu technique, utilise dissonnances (clusters) syncopes un peu alatoires, grands vides, unique en son genre. Compose des thmes mmorables (standards) Piano. Grand virtuose, influence deTatum (mentor) et innovations de Parker. 1er pianiste jouer Bebop la faon de Parker. Vie mouvemente Chanteuse. Scat dans le style Bebop. Carrire internationale, joue aussi dans grands ensembles. Rpertoire trs vaste et joue piano. Contralto (grand range), trmolo, utilise altrations d'accords.

Caractristique du style
Ragtime: syncop, trs rythm et trs "carr", pas d'impro Blues: inflexions, expressivit Polyphonique, improvisation collective, plusieurs solistes en mme temps, flamboyant, 1re forme de jazz (fusion ragtime et blues) Polyphonique, improvisation collective, plusieurs solistes en mme temps, flamboyant Stride: driv du piano ragtime mais avec du blues et impro multiples Polyphonique, improvisation collective, plusieurs solistes en mme temps, flamboyant Chicago School, blancs imitent noirs, plus doux, plus mlodique et introverti que le New Orleans Formation typiquement amricaine 17 musiciens. Monophonique, harmonies parallles (block-voicing) et questions-rponses Formation typiquement amricaine 17 musiciens. Monophonique, harmonies parallles (block-voicing) et questions-rponses Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Jazz Manouche Formation typiquement amricaine 17 musiciens. Monophonique, harmonies parallles (block-voicing) et questions-rponses Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Swing avec mancipation des solistes. Formation typiquement amricaine 17 musiciens. Monophonique, harmonies parallles (block-voicing) et questions-rponses Petites formations, musique plus esthtique, inno., maitrise technique, vitesse, substitution d'accords, notes de transition Petites formations, musique plus esthtique, innovateur, maitrise technique, vitesse, substitution d'accords, notes de transition Petites formations, musique plus esthtique, innovateur, maitrise technique, vitesse, substitution d'accords, notes de transition Petites formations, musique plus esthtique, innovateur, maitrise technique, vitesse, substitution d'accords, notes de transition Petites formations, musique plus esthtique, innovateur, maitrise technique, vitesse, substitution d'accords, notes de transition

1895-1937 Blues 1890-1941 1897-1959 1891-1955 1901-1971 1903-1931 New Orleans (19151930) New Orleans (19151930) New Orleans (19151930) New Orleans (19151930) Chicago School (fin '20) Swing - Big Band (1930-1945) Swing - Big Band (1930-1945) Swing - Stride (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Stride (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Big Band (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Soliste (1930-1945) Swing - Big Band (1930-1945)

Fletcher Henderson 1897-1952 Bennie Moten Fats Waller Coleman Hawkins Billie Holiday Art Tatum Benny Goodman Ella Fitzgerald Django Reinhardt Count Basie Lester Young Charlie Christian Duke Ellington Dizzy Gillespie Charlie Parker Thelonious Monk Bud Powell Sarah Vaughan 1894-1935 1904-1943 1904-1969 1915-1959 1909-1956 1909-1986 1917-1996 1910-1953 1904-1984 1909-1959 1916-1942 1899-1974

1917-1994 Bebop (1945-1955) 1920-1955 Bebop (1945-1955) 1917-1982 Bebop (1945-1955) 1924-1966 Bebop (1945-1955) 1924-1990 Bebop (1945-1955)

Extraits
1.1 1.3, 1.4 1.6, 1.7 , 1.8 1.11 1.12 1.15, 1.16, 1.17, 1.18, 1.19, 1.20 1.21, 1.22 2.1, 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.8, 2.9 2.10, 2.11 2.13, 2.14 2.7 2.12 2.19 2.20, 2.21 2.22 2.23, 2.24 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8 3.10, 3.11
3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19

4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10 3.21 4.4, 4.5

The Smithsonian Collection of Classic Jazz is itself somewhat of a classic, referred to in many books, and used as th source in at least one. If you don't know what you like in jazz and are looking for a well-put-together introduction, this set is a with ragtime's Scott Joplin, and proceeds through Bessie Smith, Louis Armstrong, Art Tatum, Duke Ellington ... all the way up free jazz of Ornette Coleman, and even The World Saxophone Quartet. Of course John Coltrane, Thelonious Monk, Miles Dav big guns are there -- even Horace Silver and Lennie Tristano. This five-CD set (94 tracks) contains classic cuts in most cases. Th to begin. release date: october 1995, duration: 361:30:00

tracks: disc 1
Sample 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Title/Composer Maple Leaf Rag Scott Joplin Maple Leaf Rag Scott Joplin St. Louis Blues W.C. Handy Lost Your Head Blues Bessie Smith Dippermouth Blues King Oliver Black Bottom Stomp Jelly Roll Morton Dead Man Blues Jelly Roll Morton Grandpa's Spells Jelly Roll Morton King Porter Stomp Jelly Roll Morton Cake Walking Babies from Home Chris Smith / Henry Troy / Clarence Williams Blue Horizon Sidney Bechet Carolina Shout James P. Johnson Big Butter and Egg Man Louis Armstrong / Percy Venable Potato Head Blues Louis Armstrong Struttin' With Some Barbecue Lil Hardin / Don Raye Hotter Than That Louis Armstrong / Lil Hardin West End Blues King Oliver / Clarence Williams Weather Bird

18 Louis Armstrong Sweethearts on Parade 19 Carmen Lombardo / Charles Newman I Gotta Right to Sing the Blues 20 Harold Arlen / Ted Koehler Singin' the Blues (Till My Daddy Comes Home) 21 Dorothy Fields / Jimmy McHugh Riverboat Shuffle 22 Hoagy Carmichael / Irving Mills / Mitchell Parish Four or Five Times 23 Byron Gay / Marco H. Hellman

tracks: disc 2
Sample 1 2 3 4 5 6 Title/Composer The Stampede Fletcher Henderson Wrappin' It Up Fletcher Henderson Dinah Harry Akst / Sam M. Lewis / Joe Young Moten Swing Bennie Moten I Ain't Got Nobody Roger Graham / Dave Peyton / Spencer Williams Honky Tonk Train Blues Meade "Lux" Lewis Body and Soul

7 Frank Eyton / Johnny Green / Edward Heyman / Robert Sour Body and Soul 8 Frank Eyton / Johnny Green / Edward Heyman / Robert Sour The Man I Love 9 George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin He's Funny That Way 10 Neil Moret (Chas. N. Daniels) / Richard A. Whiting These Foolish Things 11 Harry Link / Holt Marvell / Jack Strachey You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To 12 Cole Porter Willow Weep for Me 13 Ann Ronell Too Marvelous for Words 14 Johnny Mercer / Richard A. Whiting Organ Grinder's Swing 15 Will Hudson / Irving Mills / Mitchell Parish Rockin' Chair 16

16 Hoagy Carmichael I Can't Believe That You're in Love With Me 17 Clarence Gaskill / Jimmy McHugh When Lights Are Low 18 Benny Carter / Clarence Williams Dinah 19 Harry Akst / Sam M. Lewis / Joe Young Doggin' Around 20 Edgar Battle / Herschel Evans Taxi War Dance 21 Count Basie / Lester Young Lester Leaps In 22 Lester Young I Found a New Baby 23 Jack Palmer / Spencer Williams Breakfast Feud 24 Benny Goodman

tracks: disc 3
Sample 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Title/Composer East St. Louis Toodle-Oo Duke Ellington / Bubber Miley The New East St. Louis Toodle-Oo Duke Ellington / Bubber Miley Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue Duke Ellington Ko Ko Duke Ellington Concerto for Cootie Duke Ellington Cotton Tail Duke Ellington In a Mellow Tone Duke Ellington / Milt Gabler Blue Serge Mercer Ellington I Got Rhythm George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin I Can't Get Started Vernon Duke / Ira Gershwin Shaw 'Nuff Ray Brown / Gil Fuller / Dizzy Gillespie Koko Charlie Parker Oh, Lady Be Good

13 George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin Embraceable You 14 George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin Embraceable You 15 George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin Klact-Oveeseds-Tene 16 Charlie Parker Crazeology 17 Benny Harris Crazeology 18 Benny Harris Parker's Mood 19 Charlie Parker Fantasy on Frankie and Johnny 20 Erroll Garner / Traditional A Night in Tunisia 21 Dizzy Gillespie / Frank Paparelli Bikini 22 Dexter Gordon Lady Bird 23 Tadd Dameron

tracks: disc 4
Sample Title/Composer Boplicity 1 Cleo Henry Subconscious-Lee 2 Lee Konitz Body and Soul 3 Frank Eyton / Johnny Green / Edward Heyman / Robert Sour All Alone 4 Irving Berlin My Funny Valentine 5 Lorenz Hart / Richard Rodgers Misterioso 6 Thelonious Monk Evidence 7 Thelonious Monk Criss-Cross 8 Thelonious Monk Bags' Groove 9 Milt Jackson I Should Care 10 Sammy Cahn / Axel Stordahl / Paul Weston Moon Rays 11

11 Horace Silver Summertime 12 George Gershwin / Ira Gershwin / DuBose Heyward Haitian Flight Song 13 Charles Mingus Django 14 John Lewis Pent-Up House 15 Sonny Rollins

tracks: disc 5
Sample 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Blue 7 Sonny Rollins West Coast Blues Wes Montgomery So What Miles Davis Blue in Green Miles Davis / Bill Evans Enter, Evening Cecil Taylor Alabama John Coltrane Lonely Woman Ornette Coleman Congeniality Ornette Coleman Free Jazz Ornette Coleman Steppin' Julius Hemphill Title/Composer

assic, referred to in many books, and used as the main learning or a well-put-together introduction, this set is a good bet. It starts ng, Art Tatum, Duke Ellington ... all the way up to and including the rse John Coltrane, Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, and all the other 94 tracks) contains classic cuts in most cases. This set is a great place

Performer Scott Joplin Jelly Roll Morton Bessie Smith Bessie Smith King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton The Red Onion Jazz Babies Sidney Bechet & His Blue Note Jazzmen James P. Johnson Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong & His Hot Seven Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong / Earl Hines

Time 3:19 2:40 3:05 2:54 2:32 3:09 2:54 2:52 2:52 3:05 4:19 2:39 2:57 2:58 2:59 2:59 3:15 2:41

Louis Armstrong / Earl Hines Louis Armstrong & His Orchestra Louis Armstrong & His Orchestra Frankie Trumbauer Frankie Trumbauer Jimmie Noone's Apex Club Orchestra

2:41 3:13 2:52 2:58 3:07 3:14

Performer Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra Red Nichols Bennie Moten Fats Waller Meade "Lux" Lewis Benny Goodman Coleman Hawkins & His Orchestra Coleman Hawkins Quintet Billie Holiday & Her Orchestra Billie Holiday & Her Orchestra Ella Fitzgerald Art Tatum Art Tatum Jimmie Lunceford & His Orchestra Gene Krupa & His Orchestra

Time 3:13 2:41 3:12 3:19 3:06 2:57 3:27 2:59 5:04 2:38 3:35 2:44 2:53 2:21 2:36 3:11

Gene Krupa & His Orchestra Benny Carter / The Chocolate Dandies / Roy Eldridge Lionel Hampton & His Orchestra Quintet of the Hot Club of France Count Basie Orchestra Count Basie Orchestra Count Basie Count Basie / Charlie Christian / Goodman Group Charlie Christian / Goodman Group

3:11 2:59 2:11 2:32 2:57 2:47 3:12 2:53 2:18

Performer Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Duke Ellington & His Orchestra Don Byas / Slam Stewart Dizzy Gillespie Dizzy Gillespie Charlie Parker Charlie Parker / Jazz at the Philharmonic

Time 3:35 2:56 5:56 2:40 3:17 3:08 3:15 3:19 4:54 3:03 2:55 2:51 3:02

Charlie Parker / Jazz at the Philharmonic Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Erroll Garner Bud Powell Trio Dexter Gordon Quartet Tadd Dameron

3:02 2:06 1:53 3:00 1:01 2:55 3:00 2:53 4:13 3:34 2:47

Performer Miles Davis & His Orchestra Lennie Tristano Quintet Stan Getz / Red Norvo Sarah Vaughan Sarah Vaughan Thelonious Monk Quartet Thelonious Monk Quartet Thelonious Monk Quintet Thelonious Monk Thelonious Monk Horace Silver Quintet

Time 2:57 2:44 3:35 http://rd.io/x/QitoZI8 2:19 5:48 3:18 2:30 2:54 2:48 3:11 10:48

Horace Silver Quintet Miles Davis / Gil Evans Orchestra Charles Mingus Quintet The Modern Jazz Quartet Sonny Rollins

10:48 3:16 11:51 5:22 8:52

Performer Sonny Rollins Quartet Wes Montgomery Miles Davis Bill Evans Cecil Taylor Unit John Coltrane Quartet Ornette Coleman Quartet Ornette Coleman Quartet Ornette Coleman Double Quartet World Saxophone Quartet

Time 11:08 5:30 8:51 5:20 10:57 5:09 4:54 6:41 10:03 7:13

Fiche pour tests Pice Artiste principal Style de la pice Caractristiques de ce style Caractristiques de l'artiste Situer dans le temps

JAZZ

Produced by Lynn Novick and Ken Burns, the series Jazz follows the progress of both the music and

The series shows there is far more to jazz than just the music. It is a whole social phenomenon that reflected and the 20th century, especially for African Americans on the path to emancipation in what was still a segregated soc compelling, emotional and dramatic combination of archival materials, evocative live cinematography and person of those involved, Jazz presents detailed and engaging portraits of the greatest figures in jazz.

Episode 1

Beginnings to 1917

1917-24

1924-29

1929-34

1935-37

1937-39

1940-42

1943-45

1945-49

10

1949-55

11

1956-60

12

1960 to the present

duced by Lynn Novick and Ken Burns, the series Jazz follows the progress of both the music and society.

there is far more to jazz than just the music. It is a whole social phenomenon that reflected and helped shape especially for African Americans on the path to emancipation in what was still a segregated society. With a ional and dramatic combination of archival materials, evocative live cinematography and personal recollections , Jazz presents detailed and engaging portraits of the greatest figures in jazz.

The series begins in the 1890s in New Orleans where the sounds of marching bands, Italian opera, Caribbean rhythms and minstrel shows fill the streets with a diverse musical culture. Here, AfricanAmerican musicians create a new music out of these ingredients by mixing ragtime syncopations with the soulful feeling of the blues. Soon after the start of the new century, people are calling it jazz. The story of jazz becomes a tale of two great cities: Chicago and New York, and of two extraordinary artists whose lives and music will span almost three-quarters of a century, namely Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. As the Roaring Twenties accelerate, Fletcher Henderson, a black bandleader, brings to New to York to add improvisational to singers the band's new sound. As the Louis stock Armstrong market continues soar, jazzhis is everywhere and brilliance soloists and take centre stage. The songs of Bessie Smith, Empress of the Blues, help black entrepreneurs create a new recording industry. Bix Beiderbecke becomes the first great white jazz star and Benny Goodman finds that jazz offers an escape from the Jewish ghetto and a chance to achieve his dreams. In New York, Duke Ellington achieves national when radio music homes across the country During the Depression, jazzfame is called upon to carries lift the his spirits of into the country and enters a decade of explosive growth. Louis Armstrong revolutionises the art of American popular song and becomes one of the nation's top entertainers. In Harlem, Chick Webb pioneers his own big-band sound at the Savoy Ballroom with a new dance. But it is Duke Ellington who takes jazz to the next level by composing hit tunes with a new sophistication that has critics comparing him to Stravinsky. Jazz has a new name now - swing. Jazz bandleaders are the new matinee idols, with teenagers jitterbugging to the music of Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey, Jimmie Lunceford and Glenn Miller. Billie Holiday emerges from a tragic childhood to begin her career as the greatest of all female jazz singers. And in Chicago, Benny Goodman and Teddy Wilson prove that, despite segregation, great black and white musicians can swing side-by-side on stage. The pulsing Kansas City sound of Count Basie's Band comes to New York and quickly reignites the spirit of swing. Soon Basie's lead saxophonist, Lester Young, challenges Coleman Hawkins for supremacy, matching the old sax-master's muscular sound with a lighter, laid-back style of his own. Young teams with Billie Holiday for a series of masterful recordings. By the decade's end, Chick Webb has achieved national fame by taking a chance on a teenage singer named Ella Fitzgerald. As the 1940s begin and war overshadows everything else, jazz is changing. In a Harlem club called Minton's Playhouse, a small band of young musicians, led by the trumpet virtuoso Dizzy Gillespie and the brilliant saxophonist Charlie Parker, discover an exhilarating new way of playing which is fast, intricate and sometimes chaotic. When America finally enters the war in 1941, big band music is part of the arsenal, boosting morale both at home and for the troops overseas. In war-torn Europe, jazz has been banned by the Nazis, but great musicians continue to play, turning the music into a weapon of resistance. For many black Americans, however, that sound has a hollow ring. They find themselves fighting abroad for liberties their own country denies them at home. Meanwhile, Duke Ellington premieres his symphonic suite tone portrait of black life in America, Black, Brown and Beige.

Cold War tensions are reflected in the broken rhythms and dissonant melodies of bebop, and in the troubled life of bebop's biggest star, Charlie 'Bird' Parker. His improvisations and self-destructive, narcotics-plagued lifestyle are widely copied by other musicians. His longtime partner, Dizzy Gillespie, tries to popularise the new Louis Armstrong forms the All Stars but, in his efforts, encounters racism in New Orleans. A generation of musicians embrace the challenge of moving beyond Charlie Parker's innovations. John Lewis and the supremely elegant Modern Jazz Quartet refine bebop's balance between improvisation and composition. However, few people are listening to bebop. California musicians create a new, mellow sound called cool jazz, and Dave Brubeck mixes jazz with classical music to produce the first million-selling jazz LP, Time Out. Then Miles Davis stands poised to lead jazz in a new direction. America's postwar prosperity continues and, in jazz, young talents arise to take the music in new directions. In 1956, the first year Elvis tops the charts, Duke Ellington has his best-selling record ever. New artists emerge, most prominently Sonny Rollins, Sarah Vaughan and Miles Davis. Davis comes to exemplify the very essence of cool but, as the 1960s arrive, two freewheeling saxophonists, John Coltrane and Ornette Coleman, take jazz into uncharted terrain. During the Sixties, jazz is in trouble. Most young people are listening to rock and roll. Many jazz musicians head for Europe while at home, jazz searches for relevance led by Charles Mingus, Archie Shepp and John Coltrane. Miles Davis, combines jazz with rock and roll and launches a wildly popular sound called fusion. However, in 1976 when Dexter Gordon returns from Europe for a triumphant comeback, jazz has a homecoming too and a new generation of musicians emerges.

Artiste

Scott Joplin

1868-1917

Bessie Smith

1895-1937

Jelly Roll Morton

1890-1941

Sidney Bchet

1897-1959

James P. Johnson

1891-1955

Louis Armstrong

1901-1971

Bix Beiderbeeke

1903-1931

Fletcher Henderson

1897-1952

Bennie Moten

1894-1935

Fats Waller

1904-1943

Coleman Hawkins

1904-1969

Billie Holiday

1915-1959

Art Tatum

1909-1956

Benny Goodman

1909-1986

Ella Fitzgerald

1917-1996

Django Reinhardt

1910-1953

Count Basie

1904-1984

Lester Young

1909-1959

Charlie Christian

1916-1942

Duke Ellington

1899-1974

Dizzy Gillespie

1917-1994

Charlie Parker

1920-1955

Thelonious Monk

1917-1982

Bud Powell

1924-1966

Sarah Vaughan

1924-1990