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Rachel Speaker Mrs.

Shafer Lab Report 1-20-11

Determination of a Keq
Objective:
The objective of this lab was to calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction of iron (III) ions with thiocynate ions.

Data: Reference Solutions


Temperature 18.8C

[FeSCN2+]
Sample Reference solution #1 Reference solution #2 Reference solution #3 Reference solution #4 Reference solution #5

Absorbance .115 .271 .38 .52 .62

.00004M .00006M .00008M .0001 .00012M

Data: Test Solutions


Temperature Sample Test Solution #6 Test Solution #7 Test Solution # 8 Test Solution #9 Test Solution #10 19.4C

Fe3+] .001 .001 .001 .001 .001

[SCN-] .0002 .0004 .0006 .0008 .001

Absorbance 0 .18 .31 .47 .61

Data: Results Table


Sample Test solution #6 Test Solution #7 Test Solution #8 Test Solution #9 Test Solution #10 Average Value Average Deviation [FeSCN2+]eq [Fe3+]eq [SCN-]eq Keq Deviation

0 .00005 .00007 .00009 .0001

.001 .00095 .00093 .00091 .00089

.0002 .00035 .00053 .00071 .0009

0 .00665 .00704 .00718 .000801 .005776 0

.005776 -.000874 -.007264 -.001404 -.002234

Calculations:
M2 = M1V1 = (.0002M) (2mL)= .00004M FeSCN2+ (Reference data table) V2 10 mL (.0002M)(3mL) = .00006M FeSCN2+ 10 mL (.0002M)(4mL) = .00008M FeSCN2+ 10 mL (.0002M)(5mL) = .0001M FeSCN2+ 10 mL (.0002M)(6mL) = .00012M FeSCN2+ 10 mL [Fe3+] initial [FeSCN2+] eq = Fe3+] eq [SCN-] initial [FeSCN2+] eq = [SCN-] eq Test # 6 Test #7 Test #8 Test #9 Test #10 .001 0 = .001 [Fe3+] eq .001 - .00005 = .00095 .001 - .00007 = .00093 .001 - .00009 = .00091 .001 - .0001 = .00089 Test #6 Test #7 Test #8 Test #9 Test #10 .0009 .0002 0 = .0002 .0004 - .00005 = .00035 .0006 - .00007 = .00053 .0008 - .00009 = .00071 .0001 - .00089 =

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 -0.1 -0.2 0.00002 0.00004 0.00006 0.00008 0.0001 0.00012 0.00014 Series1 Linear (Series1)

Keq Test #6 Test #7 Test #8 Test #9 Test #10 0 = [.001][.0002] .00005 = [.00095][.00035] .00007 [.00093][.00053] .00009 [.00091][.00071] .0001 [.00089][.0009] 0 .00665 =.00704 =.00718 =.00801 top number came from point on graph

Average Keq = 0+.00665+.00704+.00718+.00801 5

= .005776

Deviation = Avg Keq each Keq .005776 0 = .005776 .005776 - .00665 = -.000874

.005776 - .00704 = -.007264 .005776 - .00718 = -.001404 .005776 - .00801 = -.002234 Avg Deviation = .005776 + -.000874 + -.007264 + -.001401 + -.002234 = 0 5

Questions:
1.) The precision does indicate that the equilibrium constant is indeed a constant for this reaction. The average deviation came out to be zero. This means there was not a difference between each individual Keq and the average. Therefore, the precision is accurate in telling you the constant I calculated is the correct constant for this reaction. 2.) See conclusion for sources of error.

Conclusion:
The objective of this lab was to calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction of iron (III) ions with thiocynate ions. This lab turned out very well and very accurate. In this lab we used absorbency and the concentration of a reference solution to find our unknown concentrations and in turn, the constant. After calculating the Keqs for each reaction and finding the average Keq I used the deviation equation in the lab to prove my numbers to be accurate. The deviation came out to zero, as explained in question one. This means the average constant was accurate for this reaction. There seemed to be very few, if any, errors in this lab. One source of error that may have altered the concentrations was contamination. Although we cleaned the stirring rod with distilled water in between each solution, this is a chance it was not completely clean. Luckily in our lab it did not affect the results. Another source of error that may have altered out results was while finding the absorbency we could not set the wavelength for the correct number. It was suppose to be set at 450nm, but we had to set it at 468nm. It was very close,

but not exact. This error occurred because the calorimeter did not have a setting for 450nm. Our results however, seem to be unaffected by this difference in wavelength. This was lab was very easy to understand as well as do. It was quite difficult to mess up. It is a good way to understand how concentrations affect the keq and to help you figure out where the keq for a reaction actually comes from. I recommend this lab for future AP Chemistry students.