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Future

La formation du futur proche: Be going to + base verbale


EMPLOIS: L'expression de be going to sert souvent exprimer l'intention la r!solution de faire "uel"ue chose des plans fixes dans l'avenir # pr!dire un !v!nement ou une certaine action "ui est sur le point d'avoir lieu$ La forme affirmative On a : sujet + be going to + base verbale. L'auxiliaire be se conjuge au prsent. Going to et la base verbale restent invariables. Ex: I am going to hire a car. They are going to play chess. La forme n!%ative On a : sujet + auxiliaire be + not + going to + base verbale. Ex: He is not going to break the plates. La forme int!rro%ative On a : auxiliaire be + sujet + going to + base verbale. Ex: Is he going to win?

La formation de Will + base verbale


EMPLOIS: L'auxiliaire modal will permet souvent d'exprimer un futur in!vitable, un fait "ui n'est pas le r!sultat d'une d!cision une promesse ou "uand on offre ou d!cide de faire "uel"ue chose$ &ette forme est !%alement utilis! avec les mots comme I think, I guess, I hope, probably, possibly La forme affirmative On a : will (ou 'll) + base verbale. Ex: Jerry's mother will be forty tomorrow. La forme n!%ative On a : will not (ou won't) + base verbale. Ex: They won't estroy the ol bri ge. La forme int!rro%ative On a : will + sujet + base verbale. Ex: !ill yo" go to the co"ntry next week?

Shall + verbe # la forme interro%ative


EMPLOIS ette structure sert # su%%!rer # proposer son aide Ex: #hall we go to the swimming pool ? !" #i on allait la piscine $ #hall I help yo" ? !" %uis&je vous aider $

Le pr!sent # valeur de futur : be + '-ing


On peut galement exprimer le 'utur en utilisant le prsent en be + ($ing lors)ue la p*rase contient un mar"ueur de temps !vo"uant le futur tel )ue tomorrow% next week... Ex: Tomorrow my sister is starting her new &ob. EMPLOIS: On utilise cette 'orme pour parler d'actions )ue l'on a dcid de 'aire. Ex: He is flying to 'ew (ork tomorrow.

Future &ontinuous
La formation du futur pro%ressif: will be + '-ing
EMPLOIS: Le 'utur progressi' sert exprimer "u'une action sera en train de se passer un certain moment dans l'avenir. Ex: This time next week I will be eating with John. +l sert galement pour sugg,rer )ue ce "ui va se produire sera tout # fait naturel et pr!visible. Ex: They will be going to Italy as "s"al for their holi ays. La forme affirmative On a : will be + base verbale Ex: I will be going to school next week. La forme n!%ative On a : will not (ou won't) + be + base verbale Ex: #he won't be seeing her parents this s"mmer. La forme int!rro%ative On a : will + sujet + be + base verbale Ex: !ill they be b"ying the ho"se in )on on next month?

Exercises:
($ )e %oin% to *$ form a sentence$ +hese people have decided to do the follo,in% tomorro,: *. +Jane , b"y a car- ......................................................... . /. +(o" , not get "p before 0.12- ................................................. . 1. +3eter , ha4e breakfast with his m"m-........................................... . 5. +)isa 6 Jan , lea4e to Englan - ............................................... . 7. +(o" , not ri e the bike , take the car-..................................................................... .

)$ )e %oin% to * Ma-e "uestions: *. +what , yo" , wear , to the party?- ............................................. . /. +what time , John , phone yo" tonight?-.......................................... 1. +how long , yo"r frien s , stay here?- ............................................ 5. +when , yo" , 4isit me again?- ................................................ . &$ .se the future continuous and ,rite the verb correctl/$ *. Tonight they .................. +talk-% ............. + ance- an ....... +ha4e- a goo time. /. Tomorrow at this time I ................... + ance- at a party. 1. 'ext week at this time I .................... +s"nbathe- an ............. +rea - at the beach. 5. 8t 7 o'clock yo" ....................... +help- yo"r brother. 7. This e4ening at 9 o'clock% she .....................+watch- a mo4ie with her frien s. 0$ 1rite sentences ,ith 2Shall3$ .se the follo,in% ,ords: t"rn on , some san wiches , the light , make *. I'm h"ngry. ........................................................ ? /. It's ark in this room. ............................................... ?