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Amethyst - A Stone for the Age of Aquarius

Amethyst has long been thought of as a "stone of spirituality and contentment," helping to clear the aura and balance the energies of the physical, mental and emotional bodies. It opens and activates the crown chakra and facilitates one in achieving and maintaining a calm and peaceful state. The stone was thought to help avoid evil thoughts, heighten intelligence, be good for a business mind, preserve soldiers from battle injuries, help the warrior to victory, aid the hunter in search of his game, protect the wearer from contagious diseases, and banish demons if the figure of a bear is inscribed on the jewel. Crystalline uart! in shades of purple, lilac or mauve is called amethyst, a stone traditionally worn to guard against drunkenness and to instil a sober mind. The word amethyst comes from the "reek meaning "without drunkenness" and amethyst is believed to protect one from poison. It is found in geodes and alluvial deposits around the world and occurs in crystalline or massive form. It is the presence of manganese in clear uart! which produces amethyst and additional iron which varies the purple coloration.

Its purple coloration has made it a stone of royalty for thousands of years. It is a spiritual stone, with no negative side effects or associations with violence, anger or passion. It calms fears, raises hopes, lifts the spirits, and promotes thoughts of the spiritual reality behind our lives. It wards off guilt and self deception, curbs overindulgence, and bestows good judgment. It brings peace, stability and strength to the wearer. Amethyst was known as a gem that would bring the highest, purest aspirations of human kind. It is thought the amethyst is the perfect stone to symboli!e The Age of A uarius# it is a stone of peace.

Attributes of Amethyst

Increases nobility $piritual awareness %sychic abilities Inner peace and healing &ealing of body, mind ' soul %ositive transformation

(editation )alance *elieves stress Communication

Physical Healing Properties


Amethyst has a positive effect on many of the body+s nervous systems. In order to benefit directly from the healing effects of amethyst, it can be taken as an eli,ir, or placed directly on the body. The ancients knew this, and they fashioned jewelry so that the stone, when worn, made contact with the skin. This is why amethyst gems in necklaces, pendants and rings were placed in settings that were open at the back. Central Nervous System - The central nervous system co-ordinates and controls the voluntary functions of our brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Amethyst is used in the treatment of convulsions and neuralgia, and is a tonic for headaches, mental illness, an,iety, concussions and depression. Amethyst not only alleviates a headache, but helps to enhance the thinking process, allowing the mind to process information more efficiently and with improved clarity, and helps those that suffer from a faulty memory. *ub a piece of amethyst across your forehead to offer relief from a headache..hen worn against the skin, amethyst helps to alleviate migraines. /li,ir water made with amethyst has been used to restore and improve brain blood circulation. Autonomic Nervous System - The autonomic nervous system controls the involuntary systems of the body, and is divided into two parts0 the sympathetic nervous system 1our 2fight or flight+ response3 and the parasympathetic system 1rest and repair3. These two systems function one at a time, so if the body is in a constant state of tension and an,iety, the process of rest and repair cannot occur. Amethyst aids both of these systems. To the sympathetic nervous system, it acts as a natural tran uili!er, relieves stress and strain, soothes irritability and balances mood swings. It stimulates the parasympathetic system and brings about a sense of calm, enabling the body to reach a state of rela,ation and rest. To relieve insomnia, try placing an amethyst crystal under your pillow when you go to bed. The calming ualities of amethyst have made this a preferred healing stone for those who suffer from addictions. Endocrine System - This system is made up of ductless glands that secrete their hormones directly into the blood stream. Amethyst works to balance the endocrine system by strengthening the immune system and boosting hormone production. Amethyst is believed to target the pituitary gland, which directs the endocrine system, and the pineal gland, where altered states of consciousness and psychic skills are thought to be triggered. Amethyst has also been used as an elixir to

treat toothaches, skeletal discomforts, posture and other bone and joint-related sicknesses 1like arthritis3.

treat problems within the stomach and digestive tract, the heart and hearing disorders. treat various types of blood disease 1as a blood purifier3and balancing blood sugar. reduce bruising and swelling from injuries help deto,ify the body and cleanse the chest and lungs help to cure catarrhal illnesses, cleanse the capillaries, liver and kidneys. remove radiation stored in your head from electronics, etc 1geodes of amethyst are particularly good for this - just place your head ne,t to it, you will then feel the radiation being drawn out.3 in traditional Chinese medicine, amethyst is prescribed for stomach pains and bad dreams. throughout history Amethyst has been used to guard against inebriation. hundreds of years ago, the amethyst was moistened with saliva and rubbed on the face to banish pimples and rough skin - Today it is used in spells designed to magnify beauty.

Emotional Healing Properties

The virtues of amethyst include beauty, calm, fulfillment, humility, a loving demeanour, perfection, piety, sincerity, spiritual balance, tran uility and wisdom. 4ou can use amethyst to calm down consciousness and awaken sub consciousness to guard yourself from daily stresses. Amethyst is a natural tran uili!er# it relieves stress and strain, soothes irritability, balances mood swings, and dispels anger, rage, fear and an,iety. Alleviates sadness and grief, and dissolves negativity. It promotes internal balance and harmony and brings stability to the individual. Amethysts are capable of raising ones spirits, promoting self assurance and confidence. They brighten the outlook on life and enhance the sense of humour. %olished amethyst spheres, amethyst geodes or large pieces of natural amethyst will fill a building with calming vibrations.

!ental Healing Properties


Amethyst is especially helpful for people that are engaged in constant rigorous mental activity, and who deal with high levels of stress on an ongoing basis. Amethyst is known for its ability to bring about a mental sense of calm, allowing the mind to achieve a state of tran uility and repose. This ability serves to stimulate the mind in a more focused manner, and as a result, there is an improvement in memory and motivation, thereby enhancing mental strength, stability, and vigour.

Amethyst is used to help people who are prone to depression and an overall melancholy feeling. It is believed that amethyst can avert the mind from selfdirected psychic attacks, and transform the negative energy and thoughts into that of positive and tran uil tenacity. Amethyst is also used to bring understanding of all that is transitional, especially death and rebirth. It can provide security and peace of mind 1along with understanding3 when a loved one is lost or reborn. It is said to have a relieving effect on stress, grief, depression, emotional despair and ineffective communication. (any also believe that amethysts are useful for those working to transcend chemical dependence. The stones may work as talismans to provide inner strength when battling dependency. It is used as a dream stone and to help insomnia caused by an over-active mind.

Spiritual Healing Properties


Amethyst has been widely used in meditation because of its ability to help its carrier maintain a peaceful serenity. It calms the mind and spiritually awakens those who seek enlightenment. Amethyst increases the activity in the right brain, and as a result, the energies focused upon the reality we know to be physically visible begin to switch over to those which are visible through intellect. )ecause the stone has high vibration, amethyst stabili!es the connection to the ethereal and helps to open gateways into intense and transforming spiritual e,periences. It breaks up old emotional thought processes and assists psychic opening in a grounding manner. It strengthens and develops intuition, inspiration, healing, and channelling as well as raising thoughts and aspirations to a higher spiritual level.

Amethyst and "reaming


The violet color of amethyst is reminiscent of the sky at dusk, and has come to represent the transition from sleep to awake, the passage of one reality to another. Amethyst soothes the process of slipping into a dream state, and eases the passage from the physically conscious mind to the unconscious. The calming, supporting properties of amethyst protect the dreamer from nightmares and disturbed sleep. %lace an amethyst on your third eye chakra, and visuali!e and breathe in the violet colour of this stone to bring about a sense of mental and emotional peace.

Amethyst and #ransition

As a bridging stone, amethyst helps ease difficulties in transitions of any kind. It aides those who have lost a loved one in accepting the passage and healing that death and rebirth bring. Amethyst transforms energies from a lower vibration to a higher vibration# it acts as a protector with its ability to reverse negative energy, and during meditation it can bring one from an ordinary to a deeper level of consciousness. &ealers have found that amethyst works to not only aide a journeying soul but also helps those whose soul yearns to achieve higher levels of spirituality. Amethyst aides its carrier 1stone, crystal, power jewelry3 find a common ground in unsure decisions, and protects against manipulative situations by helping provide a more in depth perspective, opening the spirit5s eye to higher connectivity with that outside of concrete reason. Amethyst has been used as a calming agent to enable sleep and rest in times of physical and spiritual e,haustion. As a healing crystal and in eli,ir and healing jewelry form, it acts as a balancing and aligning agent for disrupted spiritual energies.

!etaphysical Properties
Amethyst is a powerful and protective stone. Amethyst has the ability to transform lower energies into higher and acts as a healer at all levels of mind, body and spirit. )eing a stone of wisdom, it allows the information received through the psychic mind to be appropriately utili!ed. It guards against psychic attack, transmuting the energy into love and protecting the wearer from all types of harm, including geopathic or electromagnetic stress and ill wishes from others. Amethyst is used as a symbol of devotion and as a stone strengthening the will. It encourages selflessness and spiritual wisdom# it activates spiritual awareness, opens intuition and enhances psychic abilities. The stone also helps sharpen the conscious mind and enhances the mental powers. It is used to improve memory and keeps thoughts in line with life goals.

!agical $ses

$tore a small piece of amethyst with your tarot cards or runes to keep the power of the divination tools high.

%lace an amethyst under your pillow to bring about a good dream .ear amethyst to guard against infections .ear amethyst to attract justice and protect against burglars and thieves

(editate while holding an amethyst crystal in each hand to enhance the flow of chi energy through your body Amethyst in %omance Amethyst is a stone of pure, true, emotional love. It is often e,changed between two lovers to strengthen their commitment. It is one of the few stones specifically prescribed for men to use for attracting women# it supposedly draws 6good women7 to love him. Amethyst in the form of a heart, mounted into a silver frame is considered to be the best gift for your fianc8e. $uch a talisman will bring newlyweds blessings, happiness and tran uility for many years.

Amethyst Associations
Energy %eceptive Element &ater "eities 'acchus( "ionysus( "iana Cha)ras #hird Eye Cha)ra( Cro*n Cha)ra 'irthstone +ebruary ,odiac -irgo( Sagittarius( Capricorn( Aquarius( Pisces Planet .upiter Element Air #ypical colours light slightly-pin)ish violet to a deep grape purple -ibration Numbers /0( /1( /00 Amethyst is a 1th Anniversary gemstone2

-edic Astrological 3nformation


Cha)ra Cro*n( 4th2 %uling Planet Saturn 5emstones 'lue sapphire( amethyst( blue spinel2 !etal to be used 5old Number 6 %ing Hand %ight 7men8( left 7*omen82 Affected Cha)ra Heart( anahata2 "ay for 3nvocation Saturday #ime for 3nvocation 9 hours :; minutes before sunset2 !antra of 3nvocation <=m sham shanaiscaraya namah> %epeat ?1 times2 Pronunciation <=*m sharm shan-ice-chara-ya nama-ha>

Amethyst and the Cha)ras


Amethyst is associated with the 9th and :th Chakras, which are the Third /ye or )row 19th3 and the Crown 1:th3. The 9th Chakra or Third /ye is the energy center for all levels of consciousness. Amethyst is considered a helpful aide in meditation and in the facilitation of psychic

visual enhancement. It helps heighten perspective, allowing the development of strong introspection 1inner-self view3. The :th Chakra or Crown controls the energies used in any mental activity. %laced on the Crown Chakra during meditation, amethyst increases concentration and confidence in life. Amethyst is also used on the Crown to allow past life recall to emerge. (any people keep an Amethyst with their other stones to increase their effectiveness. Amethyst is a good touchstone, a stone to keep in your pocket and rub several times a day for its uplifting energy, or you can wear it on a chain around your neck, against your skin.

Chinese Horoscope
Animal ;ragon Amethyst is associated with strong intuition, the brain, wealth, peace, protection and spirituality. Amethyst Attributes Chinese use it for many purposes. <or e,ample it is common to wear amethyst jewelry if you are about to drink a lot. Amethyst will protect you from drunkenness and will keep you sober. It is also used in many parts of China, against all kinds of addictions like smoking, alcohol or drugs. This magical purple gem stone is also used for spiritual purposes like meditation or divination. Chinese believe that Amethyst will increase your psychic powers and your invocation skills. (any Chinese (ediums and Astrologers always carry a piece of Amethyst with them as a divination tool. =ast but not least, Amethyst is used in China as a natural medicine against insomnia and bad dreams.

%hysical %roperties
>A*I/T4 ?<0 @uart! , $i? A , $ilicon ;io,ide. C*4$TA= $4$T/(0 Trigonal C?=?*0 various shades of lavender to deep purple B$/$0 "emstone and ornamental stone. */<*ACTI>/ IC;/D 0 E.FGG-E.FFH &A*;C/$$0 : C=A$$0 tectosilicate C=/A>A"/0 none <*ACTB*/0 conchoidal =B$T/*0 vitreous $T*/AI0 white %=/?C&*?I$(0 weak to distinct $%/CI<IC "*A>IT40 A.9F T*AC$%A*/CC40 opa ue to transparent

Amethyst History
5ree) !ythology
The word "amethyst" is of "reek origin and is translated from "amethystus" meaning not drunken or into,icated. It is attributed to a "reek myth involving the god ;ionysus0

;ionysus, the god of wine, celebration, into,ication and joviality, found insult in a mortal who had refused him acknowledgement. /nraged with anger ;ionysus vowed to unleash his fury upon all mortals who did not partake in his gifts of wine and drunkenness. &e immediately spotted a young maiden named Amethyst who was pure and unfamiliar with being into,icated. The unsuspecting young virgin, who was on her way to pay homage to the goddess ;iana, was detained by the wrathful god. ;ionysus summoned two fiercely voracious tigers to devour the young maiden and sat back with his wine to watch. Amethyst cried out to ;iana. .hen ;iana saw what was about to transpire she uickly transformed the young mortal into a crystalline uart! statue to protect her. (oved with pity, ;ionysus reali!ed the ruthlessness of his actions and began to weep with sorrow. As the tears dripped into his goblet ;ionysus collapsed and the tear-tainted wine ran out onto the stone from the tipped cup. The white stone then absorbed the color from the wine creating the stone now called amethyst. Ancient "reeks maintained that amethyst held many beneficial powers. Among the most important of these is its ability to protect one from drunkenness.

#he 5em of %oyalty


%urple color has long been associated with royalty. )ecause of its purple color and beauty, amethyst has been favoured by the royals for centuries.

Amethyst necklaces and jewelry were found buried in the tombs of Ancient /gyptians. The *ussian /mpress Catherine the "reat sent an army of miners into the Brals to look for it. *are amethysts decorate the )ritish Crown Jewels.

A 'iblical Stone
Amethyst is mentioned in the ?ld Testament and the )ible, and is thought to encourage celibacy and symboli!e holiness. In the ?ld Testament twelve stones were chosen to be representative of the twelve tribes of Israel. 1/,odus AK0 E:-AE3 Amethyst was chosen as the gem representing the tribe of ;an, one of the sons of Joseph. Amethyst is also mentioned as one of the twelve stones adorning the breastplate of the high priest Aaron. 1/,odus HL3. Amethyst became the symbol of theological ideas and icons. In Christian faith amethyst was a stone of the Apostle (atthew. Cardinals and )ishops in the Catholic Church wear rings with a large amethyst as a part of their office.

Amethyst #hroughout History

Amethyst necklaces and jewelry were found buried in the tombs of Ancient /gyptians.

In the /gyptian )ook of the ;ead, instructions are given for placing heart shaped amethyst on the body of the deceased. In ancient "reece and *ome amethyst was used to cut gems and signets. =ater amethyst became the symbol of theological ideas and icons. In Christian faith amethyst was a stone of the Apostle (atthew. In Tibet, amethyst is a sacred gem to )uddha. The Chaldean (agi believed this stone protected against evil sorcery and brought success and good luck. Amethyst was also said to grant an understanding of hidden knowledge. ;uring the (iddle Ages, the stone symboli!ed piety and celibacy for clergy and therefore adorned the rings and other jewelry of Cardinals, )ishops, and %riests of the Catholic Church.

;uring the *enaissance amethyst became a symbol of great humility and modesty. The color represented unification to influences. $aint >alentine was said to wear a ring set with an anti ue Amethyst carved in the image of Cupid. At one time in China, pieces of amethyst were rented to people involved in lawsuits, as the stone was said to give one a more positive outlook, thus attracting a favourable outcome.

@atin American History #he Psychic Phenomenon of the Amethyst S)ull


The Amethyst $kull, as it has been named, was discovered in the early ELMM5s in "uatemala, (e,ico and was brought to $an Jose, California 1B.$.A3 in ELKA by a (ayan priest along with another skull called the (ayan Crystal $kull. )oth skulls were taken to &ewlett %ackard for research. The findings were astonishing. The skulls, sculpted from crystal uart! 1amethyst and clear3, was found to be carved and shaped against the natural a,is 1or "grain"3 of the crystal. Cot only is this feat nearly impossible, it is completely unheard of for tools and skills developed in the time from which they are said to have come. A wrong cut could easily shatter amethyst and uart! of this type. ?n a psychic level, the Amethyst and Crystal skull are said to possess many powers. %sychics or $ensitives 1the name given to those who are able to feel and read emissions of psychic energy3, have found the skulls to emit a very unusual vibration or energy. These $ensitives have reported that the skulls, when ga!ed upon, emit a video-like image of the ancient past. Amethyst and other crystals are known for being stones of great healing and ethereal awareness. /,planation for this phenomenon is accredited to and can be e,plained by modern use of uart! today in electronics. )oth computer and video industries have utili!ed the amplification and consistent resonance ability of uart! in the fabrication and upgrading of their products. It is believed that the same can occur with the human body5s energy and the aide of amethyst and other power crystals. They e,plain that living things have emitted electromagnetic energy that has been recorded onto theses skulls. Although there is no specified method for dating artefacts constructed purely of uart!, they have been found among the remains of tombs and ruins dating as far back as ninth and tenth century.

Amethyst "eposits
!exican Amethyst
Two main sources of amethyst from (e,ico include mines located in >era Cru! and "uerrero (e,ico. Amethyst from >era Cru! has a tendency to be of lighter shades and typically clear. The produced crystals are very commonly triagonally terminated on both ends. The stone in which they are found are also of light hue for their type. The crystals

are usually "phantomed" having a transparent interior and a color saturated e,terior. The amethyst which comes from "uerrero is typically deep and highly saturated dark purple. The crystal has a single, visible termination with a color saturated interior and transparent e,terior. &ighly saturated crystal of this type of transparency are among the most elegant.

'raAilian Amethyst
The most notable sources of amethyst in )ra!il come from (inas "erais, *io "rande do $ul, )ahia and (araba. )ra!ilian amethysts are typically found in vugs, or small cavities in rocks lined with crystals. Among the rock containing amethyst crystal in )ra!il are large pockets formed by volcanic material. $ome vugs were formed from lava and magmatic flow over trees or gas bubbles created by heat convection. The crystals that are produced in these areas vary in color saturation from pale to medium lilac but never uite reach a deep true dark purple of high saturation. The color in the crystals of these vugs is highly concentrated in the tips of the visible termination of each crystal.

Canadian Amethyst
Thunder )ay 1Canada3 is one of the major Canadian hosts of amethyst mines. The crystal druses, or the cluster of small crystals on a rock5s surface, is hosted by archaic metamorphic rock. The color uni ue to Canadian mines includes a reddish inclusion slightly under the surface of each crystal. Amethyst has also come to be known as the gemstone of ?ntario.

$ruguayan Amethyst
Amethyst of this region vary in saturation from a medium saturated to a deep highly saturated purple. =ike in )ra!il, crystals here are also found in volcanic vugs. The vugs of Bruguay are host rocks with a gray or brownish e,terior and the larger vugs contain stalactites and other formations on which amethyst druses form. The entire crystal of each amethyst contains the coloration typical of this region.

African Amethyst
Among the African countries that contain amethyst deposits are Nambia and Camibia. African. The amethyst druses of Africa contain small crystals of saturated color and outstanding clarity. As they occur naturally, the unrefined amethyst crystals are indistinct on the e,terior and are commonly polished and carved.

Amethyst in the $nited States of America

The B.$.A has a great diversity of amethyst deposits from (aine, %ennsylvania and Corth Carolina to (ontana and Colorado. The color range of American Amethyst is generally from medium to high in saturation and may include smoky or translucent versions of crystal. Amethyst of (aine and the Carolinas is usually dark with Corth Carolina amethyst having a bluish tint uni ue to that area. Amethyst has been named the state gemstone for $outh Carolina. Amethyst clusters in %ennsylvania have been formed within large breaks in metamorphic rock. Colorado is known for having clusters of amethyst that have formed in cavities within sandstone. Among the amethyst found in Colorado are smoky druses found in the *ockies. ?ther states amethyst can also be found in include "eorgia, Ari!ona, *hode Island and >irginia.

Amethyst in Europe
Two of /urope5s most notable sites for amethyst are found in Italy and "ermany. Italy5s deposits contain amethyst crystals of evenly distributed coloration. Crystals of pale hue and prismatic character are often large in si!e and can occur parallel in formation. "erman amethyst is often pale in color and is found coupled with other forms of crystal such as agates.

=ther Notable =ccurrences

Amethyst deposits can also be found in other countries around the world such as0 )olivia, Argentina, (adagascar, India and $ri =anka. Tall, prismatic, well-shaped crystals are restricted to two (e,ican localities0 %iedras %arado and =as >igas de *amire!, >eracru!# and Amatitlan, "uerro. They occur in elongated crystals that are rarely faceted, since collectors pay well for these rarities, as most other Amethyst is in drusy,stubby,pyramidal clusters. /normous uantities of fine Amethyst come from (inas "erais, )ra!il. Also in )ra!il is the famous *io "rande do $ul, where the enormous crystal-lined Amethyst geodes are found, especially in Ametista do $ul. Another $outh American country, Bruguay, produces deeply colored crystals in large geodes and pipes in Artigas, near the )ra!ilian border. Another good $outh American locality, which is especially noted for Ametrine, is the Anahi (ine, $anta Cru!, )olivia. >ery dark and clear material comes from the Bral (ountains and $iberia in *ussia. =arge amounts of Amethyst are found both Camibia and $outh Africa - these are often labelled in the jewelry industry as "African Amethyst. In Camibia a famous occurrence is the "oboboseb (ountains, near )randberg, in the /rongo (ountains of Camibia. In $outh Africa, e,tensive deposits are in the (agaliesberg (ountains in %retoria and in the )oekenhoutshoek area in the (kobola district, $outh Africa.

There are two notable Canadian occurrences. ?ne is Thunder )ay, ?ntario, where specimens contain an internal coating of red &ematite. The other locality is the area of ;igby, Cova $cotia, where naturally rounded, waterworn Amethyst pebbles are found on the beaches along the )ay of <undy. In the B.$., fine Amethyst crystals can be found in <our %eaks 1in the (a!at!al (ountains3, "ila Co., Ari!ona# in the %ohndorf (ine, Jefferson Co., (ontana# in the %ennoyer (ine at *edfeather =akes, =arimer Co., Colorado# ;eer &ill, (aine# There are several good localities in the Carolinas, specifically $tatesville, Iredell Co., Corth Carolina# the *eel (ine, Iron $tation, =incoln Co., Corth Carolina# and Abbeville Co., $outh Carolina 1;iamond &ill @uart! (ine and the /llis Jones (ine3. A recently productive location producing deep purple crystals is Jacksons Crossroads, .ilkes Co., "eorgia. ;iamond &ill in Ashaway, &opkinton, .ashington Co., *hode Island is famous for the rare sceptres that were found there. "ood Amethyst is also found in the traprock uarries of %assaic Co., Cew Jersey, specifically at the Bpper Cew $tree @uarry in %aterson and at %rospect %ark.

Amethyst $ses
Amethyst is one of the most popular gems. It has a beautiful color and is rather common, making it an ine,pensive, widely used gem. (ost Amethyst is faceted into jewellery cuts, and some are cut as cabochons. =arge, massive chunks of Amethyst banded with @uart! is sometimes carved into ornaments. Amethyst is also popular among mineral collectors. $mall geode sections and tumbled stones are sold to amateur collectors, while more e,perienced collectors go for the rare prismatic crystals and giant geode sections.

Amethyst - A Stone for the Age of Aquarius


Amethyst has long been thought of as a "stone of spirituality and contentment," helping to clear the aura and balance the energies of the physical, mental and emotional bodies. It opens and activates the crown chakra and facilitates one in achieving and maintaining a calm and peaceful state. The stone was thought to help avoid evil thoughts, heighten intelligence, be good for a business mind, preserve soldiers from battle injuries, help the warrior to victory, aid the hunter in search of his game, protect the wearer from contagious diseases, and banish demons if the figure of a bear is inscribed on the jewel. Crystalline uart! in shades of purple, lilac or mauve is called amethyst, a stone traditionally worn to guard against drunkenness and to instil a sober mind. The word amethyst comes from the "reek meaning "without drunkenness" and amethyst is believed

to protect one from poison. It is found in geodes and alluvial deposits around the world and occurs in crystalline or massive form. It is the presence of manganese in clear uart! which produces amethyst and additional iron which varies the purple coloration.

Its purple coloration has made it a stone of royalty for thousands of years. It is a spiritual stone, with no negative side effects or associations with violence, anger or passion. It calms fears, raises hopes, lifts the spirits, and promotes thoughts of the spiritual reality behind our lives. It wards off guilt and self deception, curbs overindulgence, and bestows good judgment. It brings peace, stability and strength to the wearer. Amethyst was known as a gem that would bring the highest, purest aspirations of human kind. It is thought the amethyst is the perfect stone to symboli!e The Age of A uarius# it is a stone of peace.

Attributes of Amethyst

Increases nobility $piritual awareness %sychic abilities Inner peace and healing &ealing of body, mind ' soul %ositive transformation (editation )alance *elieves stress Communication

Physical Healing Properties


Amethyst has a positive effect on many of the body+s nervous systems. In order to benefit directly from the healing effects of amethyst, it can be taken as an eli,ir, or placed directly on the body. The ancients knew this, and they fashioned jewelry so that the stone, when worn, made contact with the skin. This is why amethyst gems in necklaces, pendants and rings were placed in settings that were open at the back. Central Nervous System - The central nervous system co-ordinates and controls the voluntary functions of our brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Amethyst is used in the treatment of convulsions and neuralgia, and is a tonic for headaches, mental illness,

an,iety, concussions and depression. Amethyst not only alleviates a headache, but helps to enhance the thinking process, allowing the mind to process information more efficiently and with improved clarity, and helps those that suffer from a faulty memory. *ub a piece of amethyst across your forehead to offer relief from a headache..hen worn against the skin, amethyst helps to alleviate migraines. /li,ir water made with amethyst has been used to restore and improve brain blood circulation. Autonomic Nervous System - The autonomic nervous system controls the involuntary systems of the body, and is divided into two parts0 the sympathetic nervous system 1our 2fight or flight+ response3 and the parasympathetic system 1rest and repair3. These two systems function one at a time, so if the body is in a constant state of tension and an,iety, the process of rest and repair cannot occur. Amethyst aids both of these systems. To the sympathetic nervous system, it acts as a natural tran uili!er, relieves stress and strain, soothes irritability and balances mood swings. It stimulates the parasympathetic system and brings about a sense of calm, enabling the body to reach a state of rela,ation and rest. To relieve insomnia, try placing an amethyst crystal under your pillow when you go to bed. The calming ualities of amethyst have made this a preferred healing stone for those who suffer from addictions. Endocrine System - This system is made up of ductless glands that secrete their hormones directly into the blood stream. Amethyst works to balance the endocrine system by strengthening the immune system and boosting hormone production. Amethyst is believed to target the pituitary gland, which directs the endocrine system, and the pineal gland, where altered states of consciousness and psychic skills are thought to be triggered. Amethyst has also been used as an elixir to treat toothaches, skeletal discomforts, posture and other bone and joint-related sicknesses 1like arthritis3. treat problems within the stomach and digestive tract, the heart and hearing disorders. treat various types of blood disease 1as a blood purifier3and balancing blood sugar. reduce bruising and swelling from injuries help deto,ify the body and cleanse the chest and lungs help to cure catarrhal illnesses, cleanse the capillaries, liver and kidneys. remove radiation stored in your head from electronics, etc 1geodes of amethyst are particularly good for this - just place your head ne,t to it, you will then feel the radiation being drawn out.3 in traditional Chinese medicine, amethyst is prescribed for stomach pains and bad dreams. throughout history Amethyst has been used to guard against inebriation.

hundreds of years ago, the amethyst was moistened with saliva and rubbed on the face to banish pimples and rough skin - Today it is used in spells designed to magnify beauty.

Emotional Healing Properties

The virtues of amethyst include beauty, calm, fulfillment, humility, a loving demeanour, perfection, piety, sincerity, spiritual balance, tran uility and wisdom. 4ou can use amethyst to calm down consciousness and awaken sub consciousness to guard yourself from daily stresses. Amethyst is a natural tran uili!er# it relieves stress and strain, soothes irritability, balances mood swings, and dispels anger, rage, fear and an,iety. Alleviates sadness and grief, and dissolves negativity. It promotes internal balance and harmony and brings stability to the individual. Amethysts are capable of raising ones spirits, promoting self assurance and confidence. They brighten the outlook on life and enhance the sense of humour. %olished amethyst spheres, amethyst geodes or large pieces of natural amethyst will fill a building with calming vibrations.

!ental Healing Properties


Amethyst is especially helpful for people that are engaged in constant rigorous mental activity, and who deal with high levels of stress on an ongoing basis. Amethyst is known for its ability to bring about a mental sense of calm, allowing the mind to achieve a state of tran uility and repose. This ability serves to stimulate the mind in a more focused manner, and as a result, there is an improvement in memory and motivation, thereby enhancing mental strength, stability, and vigour. Amethyst is used to help people who are prone to depression and an overall melancholy feeling. It is believed that amethyst can avert the mind from self-directed psychic attacks, and transform the negative energy and thoughts into that of positive and tran uil tenacity. Amethyst is also used to bring understanding of all that is transitional, especially death and rebirth. It can provide security and peace of mind 1along with understanding3 when a loved one is lost or reborn. It is said to have a relieving effect on stress, grief, depression, emotional despair and ineffective communication. (any also believe that amethysts are useful for those working to transcend chemical dependence. The stones may work as talismans to provide inner strength when battling dependency.

It is used as a dream stone and to help insomnia caused by an over-active mind.

Spiritual Healing Properties


Amethyst has been widely used in meditation because of its ability to help its carrier maintain a peaceful serenity. It calms the mind and spiritually awakens those who seek enlightenment. Amethyst increases the activity in the right brain, and as a result, the energies focused upon the reality we know to be physically visible begin to switch over to those which are visible through intellect. )ecause the stone has high vibration, amethyst stabili!es the connection to the ethereal and helps to open gateways into intense and transforming spiritual e,periences. It breaks up old emotional thought processes and assists psychic opening in a grounding manner. It strengthens and develops intuition, inspiration, healing, and channelling as well as raising thoughts and aspirations to a higher spiritual level.

Amethyst and "reaming


The violet color of amethyst is reminiscent of the sky at dusk, and has come to represent the transition from sleep to awake, the passage of one reality to another. Amethyst soothes the process of slipping into a dream state, and eases the passage from the physically conscious mind to the unconscious. The calming, supporting properties of amethyst protect the dreamer from nightmares and disturbed sleep. %lace an amethyst on your third eye chakra, and visuali!e and breathe in the violet colour of this stone to bring about a sense of mental and emotional peace.

Amethyst and #ransition


As a bridging stone, amethyst helps ease difficulties in transitions of any kind. It aides those who have lost a loved one in accepting the passage and healing that death and rebirth bring. Amethyst transforms energies from a lower vibration to a higher vibration# it acts as a protector with its ability to reverse negative energy, and during meditation it can bring one from an ordinary to a deeper level of consciousness. &ealers have found that amethyst works to not only aide a journeying soul but also helps those whose soul yearns to achieve higher levels of spirituality. Amethyst aides its carrier 1stone, crystal, power jewelry3 find a common ground in unsure decisions, and protects against manipulative situations by helping provide a more

in depth perspective, opening the spirit5s eye to higher connectivity with that outside of concrete reason. Amethyst has been used as a calming agent to enable sleep and rest in times of physical and spiritual e,haustion. As a healing crystal and in eli,ir and healing jewelry form, it acts as a balancing and aligning agent for disrupted spiritual energies.

!etaphysical Properties
Amethyst is a powerful and protective stone. Amethyst has the ability to transform lower energies into higher and acts as a healer at all levels of mind, body and spirit. )eing a stone of wisdom, it allows the information received through the psychic mind to be appropriately utili!ed. It guards against psychic attack, transmuting the energy into love and protecting the wearer from all types of harm, including geopathic or electromagnetic stress and ill wishes from others. Amethyst is used as a symbol of devotion and as a stone strengthening the will. It encourages selflessness and spiritual wisdom# it activates spiritual awareness, opens intuition and enhances psychic abilities. The stone also helps sharpen the conscious mind and enhances the mental powers. It is used to improve memory and keeps thoughts in line with life goals.

!agical $ses

$tore a small piece of amethyst with your tarot cards or runes to keep the power of the divination tools high.
%lace an amethyst under your pillow to bring about a good dream .ear amethyst to guard against infections .ear amethyst to attract justice and protect against burglars and thieves (editate while holding an amethyst crystal in each hand to enhance the flow of chi energy through your body Amethyst in %omance Amethyst is a stone of pure, true, emotional love. It is often e,changed between two lovers to strengthen their commitment. It is one of the few stones specifically prescribed for men to use for attracting women# it supposedly draws 6good women7 to love him. Amethyst in the form of a heart, mounted into a silver frame is considered to be the best gift for your fianc8e. $uch a talisman will bring newlyweds blessings, happiness and tran uility for many years.

Amethyst Associations
Energy %eceptive Element &ater "eities 'acchus( "ionysus( "iana Cha)ras #hird Eye Cha)ra( Cro*n Cha)ra 'irthstone +ebruary ,odiac -irgo( Sagittarius( Capricorn( Aquarius( Pisces Planet .upiter Element Air #ypical colours light slightly-pin)ish violet to a deep grape purple -ibration Numbers /0( /1( /00 Amethyst is a 1th Anniversary gemstone2

-edic Astrological 3nformation


Cha)ra %uling 5emstones 'lue !etal to Number %ing Hand Cro*n( Planet Saturn sapphire( amethyst( blue be used %ight 7men8( left 4th2 spinel2 5old 6 7*omen82

Affected Cha)ra Heart( anahata2 "ay for 3nvocation Saturday #ime for 3nvocation 9 hours :; minutes before sunset2 !antra of 3nvocation <=m sham shanaiscaraya namah> %epeat ?1 times2 Pronunciation <=*m sharm shan-ice-chara-ya nama-ha>

Amethyst and the Cha)ras


Amethyst is associated with the 9th and :th Chakras, which are the Third /ye or )row 19th3 and the Crown 1:th3. The 9th Chakra or Third /ye is the energy center for all levels of consciousness. Amethyst is considered a helpful aide in meditation and in the facilitation of psychic visual enhancement. It helps heighten perspective, allowing the development of strong introspection 1inner-self view3. The :th Chakra or Crown controls the energies used in any mental activity. %laced on the Crown Chakra during meditation, amethyst increases concentration and confidence in life. Amethyst is also used on the Crown to allow past life recall to emerge. (any people keep an Amethyst with their other stones to increase their effectiveness. Amethyst is a good touchstone, a stone to keep in your pocket and rub several times a day for its uplifting energy, or you can wear it on a chain around your neck, against your skin.

Chinese Horoscope
Animal ;ragon Amethyst is associated with strong intuition, the brain, wealth, peace, protection and spirituality.

Amethyst Attributes Chinese use it for many purposes. <or e,ample it is common to wear amethyst jewelry if you are about to drink a lot. Amethyst will protect you from drunkenness and will keep you sober. It is also used in many parts of China, against all kinds of addictions like smoking, alcohol or drugs. This magical purple gem stone is also used for spiritual purposes like meditation or divination. Chinese believe that Amethyst will increase your psychic powers and your invocation skills. (any Chinese (ediums and Astrologers always carry a piece of Amethyst with them as a divination tool. =ast but not least, Amethyst is used in China as a natural medicine against insomnia and bad dreams.

%hysical %roperties
>A*I/T4 ?<0 @uart! , $i? A , $ilicon ;io,ide. C*4$TA= $4$T/(0 Trigonal C?=?*0 various shades of lavender to deep purple B$/$0 "emstone and ornamental stone. */<*ACTI>/ IC;/D 0 E.FGG-E.FFH &A*;C/$$0 : C=A$$0 tectosilicate C=/A>A"/0 none <*ACTB*/0 conchoidal =B$T/*0 vitreous $T*/AI0 white %=/?C&*?I$(0 weak to distinct $%/CI<IC "*A>IT40 A.9F T*AC$%A*/CC40 opa ue to transparent

Amethyst History
5ree) !ythology
The word "amethyst" is of "reek origin and is translated from "amethystus" meaning not drunken or into,icated. It is attributed to a "reek myth involving the god ;ionysus0

;ionysus, the god of wine, celebration, into,ication and joviality, found insult in a mortal who had refused him acknowledgement. /nraged with anger ;ionysus vowed to unleash his fury upon all mortals who did not partake in his gifts of wine and drunkenness. &e immediately spotted a young maiden named Amethyst who was pure and unfamiliar with being into,icated. The unsuspecting young virgin, who was on her way to pay homage to the goddess ;iana, was detained by the wrathful god. ;ionysus summoned two fiercely voracious tigers to devour the young maiden and sat back with his wine to watch. Amethyst cried out to ;iana. .hen ;iana saw what was about to transpire she uickly transformed the young mortal into a crystalline uart! statue to protect her. (oved with pity, ;ionysus reali!ed the ruthlessness of his actions and began to weep with sorrow. As the tears dripped into his goblet ;ionysus collapsed and the tear-tainted wine ran out onto the stone from the tipped cup. The white stone then absorbed the color from the wine creating the stone now called amethyst. Ancient "reeks maintained that amethyst held many beneficial powers. Among the most important of these is its ability to protect one from drunkenness.

#he 5em of %oyalty


%urple color has long been associated with royalty. )ecause of its purple color and beauty, amethyst has been favoured by the royals for centuries.

Amethyst necklaces and jewelry were found buried in the tombs of Ancient /gyptians. The *ussian /mpress Catherine the "reat sent an army of miners into the Brals to look for it. *are amethysts decorate the )ritish Crown Jewels.

A 'iblical Stone
Amethyst is mentioned in the ?ld Testament and the )ible, and is thought to encourage celibacy and symboli!e holiness. In the ?ld Testament twelve stones were chosen to be representative of the twelve tribes of Israel. 1/,odus AK0 E:-AE3 Amethyst was chosen as the gem representing the tribe of ;an, one of the sons of Joseph. Amethyst is also mentioned as one of the twelve stones adorning the breastplate of the high priest Aaron. 1/,odus HL3. Amethyst became the symbol of theological ideas and icons. In Christian faith amethyst was a stone of the Apostle (atthew. Cardinals and )ishops in the Catholic Church wear rings with a large amethyst as a part of their office.

Amethyst #hroughout History

Amethyst necklaces and jewelry were found buried in the tombs of Ancient /gyptians.

In the /gyptian )ook of the ;ead, instructions are given for placing heart shaped amethyst on the body of the deceased. In ancient "reece and *ome amethyst was used to cut gems and signets. =ater amethyst became the symbol of theological ideas and icons. In Christian faith amethyst was a stone of the Apostle (atthew. In Tibet, amethyst is a sacred gem to )uddha. The Chaldean (agi believed this stone protected against evil sorcery and brought success and good luck. Amethyst was also said to grant an understanding of hidden knowledge. ;uring the (iddle Ages, the stone symboli!ed piety and celibacy for clergy and therefore adorned the rings and other jewelry of Cardinals, )ishops, and %riests of the Catholic Church. ;uring the *enaissance amethyst became a symbol of great humility and modesty. The color represented unification to influences. $aint >alentine was said to wear a ring set with an anti ue Amethyst carved in the image of Cupid.

At one time in China, pieces of amethyst were rented to people involved in lawsuits, as the stone was said to give one a more positive outlook, thus attracting a favourable outcome.

@atin American History #he Psychic Phenomenon of the Amethyst S)ull


The Amethyst $kull, as it has been named, was discovered in the early ELMM5s in "uatemala, (e,ico and was brought to $an Jose, California 1B.$.A3 in ELKA by a (ayan priest along with another skull called the (ayan Crystal $kull. )oth skulls were taken to &ewlett %ackard for research. The findings were astonishing. The skulls, sculpted from crystal uart! 1amethyst and clear3, was found to be carved and shaped against the natural a,is 1or "grain"3 of the crystal. Cot only is this feat nearly impossible, it is completely unheard of for tools and skills developed in the time from which they are said to have come. A wrong cut could easily shatter amethyst and uart! of this type. ?n a psychic level, the Amethyst and Crystal skull are said to possess many powers. %sychics or $ensitives 1the name given to those who are able to feel and read emissions of psychic energy3, have found the skulls to emit a very unusual vibration or energy. These $ensitives have reported that the skulls, when ga!ed upon, emit a video-like image of the ancient past. Amethyst and other crystals are known for being stones of great healing and ethereal awareness. /,planation for this phenomenon is accredited to and can be e,plained by modern use of uart! today in electronics. )oth computer and video industries have utili!ed the amplification and consistent resonance ability of uart! in the fabrication and upgrading of their products. It is believed that the same can occur with the human body5s energy and the aide of amethyst and other power crystals. They e,plain that living things have emitted electromagnetic energy that has been recorded onto theses skulls. Although there is no specified method for dating artefacts constructed purely of uart!, they have been found among the remains of tombs and ruins dating as far back as ninth and tenth century.

Amethyst "eposits
!exican Amethyst
Two main sources of amethyst from (e,ico include mines located in >era Cru! and "uerrero (e,ico. Amethyst from >era Cru! has a tendency to be of lighter shades and typically clear. The produced crystals are very commonly triagonally terminated on both ends. The stone in which they are found are also of light hue for their type. The crystals are usually "phantomed" having a transparent interior and a color saturated e,terior. The amethyst which comes from "uerrero is typically deep and highly saturated dark purple. The crystal has a single, visible termination with a color saturated interior and

transparent e,terior. &ighly saturated crystal of this type of transparency are among the most elegant.

'raAilian Amethyst
The most notable sources of amethyst in )ra!il come from (inas "erais, *io "rande do $ul, )ahia and (araba. )ra!ilian amethysts are typically found in vugs, or small cavities in rocks lined with crystals. Among the rock containing amethyst crystal in )ra!il are large pockets formed by volcanic material. $ome vugs were formed from lava and magmatic flow over trees or gas bubbles created by heat convection. The crystals that are produced in these areas vary in color saturation from pale to medium lilac but never uite reach a deep true dark purple of high saturation. The color in the crystals of these vugs is highly concentrated in the tips of the visible termination of each crystal.

Canadian Amethyst
Thunder )ay 1Canada3 is one of the major Canadian hosts of amethyst mines. The crystal druses, or the cluster of small crystals on a rock5s surface, is hosted by archaic metamorphic rock. The color uni ue to Canadian mines includes a reddish inclusion slightly under the surface of each crystal. Amethyst has also come to be known as the gemstone of ?ntario.

$ruguayan Amethyst
Amethyst of this region vary in saturation from a medium saturated to a deep highly saturated purple. =ike in )ra!il, crystals here are also found in volcanic vugs. The vugs of Bruguay are host rocks with a gray or brownish e,terior and the larger vugs contain stalactites and other formations on which amethyst druses form. The entire crystal of each amethyst contains the coloration typical of this region.

African Amethyst
Among the African countries that contain amethyst deposits are Nambia and Camibia. African. The amethyst druses of Africa contain small crystals of saturated color and outstanding clarity. As they occur naturally, the unrefined amethyst crystals are indistinct on the e,terior and are commonly polished and carved.

Amethyst in the $nited States of America


The B.$.A has a great diversity of amethyst deposits from (aine, %ennsylvania and Corth Carolina to (ontana and Colorado. The color range of American Amethyst is generally from medium to high in saturation and may include smoky or translucent versions of crystal. Amethyst of (aine and the Carolinas is usually dark with Corth Carolina amethyst having a bluish tint uni ue to that area. Amethyst has been named the

state gemstone for $outh Carolina. Amethyst clusters in %ennsylvania have been formed within large breaks in metamorphic rock. Colorado is known for having clusters of amethyst that have formed in cavities within sandstone. Among the amethyst found in Colorado are smoky druses found in the *ockies. ?ther states amethyst can also be found in include "eorgia, Ari!ona, *hode Island and >irginia.

Amethyst in Europe
Two of /urope5s most notable sites for amethyst are found in Italy and "ermany. Italy5s deposits contain amethyst crystals of evenly distributed coloration. Crystals of pale hue and prismatic character are often large in si!e and can occur parallel in formation. "erman amethyst is often pale in color and is found coupled with other forms of crystal such as agates.

=ther Notable =ccurrences

Amethyst deposits can also be found in other countries around the world such as0 )olivia, Argentina, (adagascar, India and $ri =anka. Tall, prismatic, well-shaped crystals are restricted to two (e,ican localities0 %iedras %arado and =as >igas de *amire!, >eracru!# and Amatitlan, "uerro. They occur in elongated crystals that are rarely faceted, since collectors pay well for these rarities, as most other Amethyst is in drusy,stubby,pyramidal clusters. /normous uantities of fine Amethyst come from (inas "erais, )ra!il. Also in )ra!il is the famous *io "rande do $ul, where the enormous crystal-lined Amethyst geodes are found, especially in Ametista do $ul. Another $outh American country, Bruguay, produces deeply colored crystals in large geodes and pipes in Artigas, near the )ra!ilian border. Another good $outh American locality, which is especially noted for Ametrine, is the Anahi (ine, $anta Cru!, )olivia. >ery dark and clear material comes from the Bral (ountains and $iberia in *ussia. =arge amounts of Amethyst are found both Camibia and $outh Africa - these are often labelled in the jewelry industry as "African Amethyst. In Camibia a famous occurrence is the "oboboseb (ountains, near )randberg, in the /rongo (ountains of Camibia. In $outh Africa, e,tensive deposits are in the (agaliesberg (ountains in %retoria and in the )oekenhoutshoek area in the (kobola district, $outh Africa. There are two notable Canadian occurrences. ?ne is Thunder )ay, ?ntario, where specimens contain an internal coating of red &ematite. The other locality is the area of ;igby, Cova $cotia, where naturally rounded, waterworn Amethyst pebbles are found on the beaches along the )ay of <undy.

In the B.$., fine Amethyst crystals can be found in <our %eaks 1in the (a!at!al (ountains3, "ila Co., Ari!ona# in the %ohndorf (ine, Jefferson Co., (ontana# in the %ennoyer (ine at *edfeather =akes, =arimer Co., Colorado# ;eer &ill, (aine# There are several good localities in the Carolinas, specifically $tatesville, Iredell Co., Corth Carolina# the *eel (ine, Iron $tation, =incoln Co., Corth Carolina# and Abbeville Co., $outh Carolina 1;iamond &ill @uart! (ine and the /llis Jones (ine3. A recently productive location producing deep purple crystals is Jacksons Crossroads, .ilkes Co., "eorgia. ;iamond &ill in Ashaway, &opkinton, .ashington Co., *hode Island is famous for the rare sceptres that were found there. "ood Amethyst is also found in the traprock uarries of %assaic Co., Cew Jersey, specifically at the Bpper Cew $tree @uarry in %aterson and at %rospect %ark.

Amethyst $ses
Amethyst is one of the most popular gems. It has a beautiful color and is rather common, making it an ine,pensive, widely used gem. (ost Amethyst is faceted into jewellery cuts, and some are cut as cabochons. =arge, massive chunks of Amethyst banded with @uart! is sometimes carved into ornaments. Amethyst is also popular among mineral collectors. $mall geode sections and tumbled stones are sold to amateur collectors, while more e,perienced collectors go for the rare prismatic crystals and giant geode sections.

Chrysocolla #he Peace Crystal


Chrysocolla is a very beautiful stone with much beneficial energy. Chrysocolla is a stone of peace, increased wisdom, and discretion. It promotes level headedness, encouraging clarity of thought and a neutral, cool attitude during turbulence. It can be used to decrease nervousness and irritability. Chrysocolla looks like the earth as seen from space. This, in combination with its "oddess-like ualities, makes this a natural stone to use in meditating for world peace. &old this very special piece of the earth in your hand, and visuali!e the peace and calm which emanate from it spreading until it circles the globe. It is known as a healing stone among Cative American Indian cultures where it was used for strengthening the body5s resistance and bringing about calm feelings where there is upset.

-irtues of Chrysocolla

Tran uility $erenity %eace $ubconscious wisdom Intuition %atience Curturance Acceptance Tolerance Bnconditional love Calmness (editation &onesty &ope Intimacy "entleness $ensitivity

Physical Healing Properties


Chrysocolla treats arthritis, bone disease, muscle spasms, blood disorders and lung problems. It deto,ifies the liver, kidneys and intestines. Chrysocolla re-o,ygenates the blood, regenerates the pancreas and regulates insulin. It strengthens muscles and alleviates muscle cramps# it treats %($ and menstrual cramps. Chrysocolla has been known to raise the metabolism to assist in rectifying an imbalance or to help in losing weight.

Chrysocolla helps with infections, especially in the throat area. Chrysocolla water, sipped slowly, is very refreshing in the case of throat inflammation. Chrysocolla can deto,ify and fortify the liver functions, has a cooling effect, can lower blood pressure and soothes and speeds up the healing of burns. It can also help to regulate stress-related digestive problems and thyroid gland functioning. &ow does it do all these thingsO Chrysocolla releases the cells that hold on to sickness, which clears the way for healthy new cells to regenerate tissue and organs. This stone can be placed directly on the effected body position, for alleviating cramps, infections of the throat, deto,ifying the liver, lowering blood pressure 1heart3 or assisting recovery from burns.

It has been used by musicians for its healing properties for the throat and lungs. =aying chrysocolla on the forehead 15third eye53 offers spiritual benefit. Bse with copper to increase the power of chrysocolla.

Emotional Healing Properties


Chrysocolla is best known among Cative American Indian cultures for its capability of strengthening the body5s resistance and bringing about calm feeling where there has been upset and turmoil. Chrysocolla can provide stamina and drive in cases of la!iness, but also provides a calming effect if nervous or irritable by promoting harmony. It can allow the release of distress from negative emotions and promote the understanding of others. It draws out guilt, heals heartache and increases the capacity to love. Chrysocolla imparts confidence and sensitivity, enhances personal power and inspires creativity. It is often used by public speakers to decrease nervousness. It is a great aid in accepting the constant changes in life and will assist us in going through the ups and downs and still be able to pursue our goals. A stone with very feminine energies, chrysocolla can ease the mental and emotional pains of any troubled relationship by relieving tension and bringing out your inner strengths: .hen attempting to remove yourself from a troublesome or even dangerous relationship or situation, especially those filled with emotional tension, draw a nine inch circle on a piece of paper. $et a piece of chrysocolla in the center of the circle, sit and meditate on what this situation is costing you in manners of self-esteem, physical danger, emotional stress and psychological duress, as well as monetarily. ;o this for nine nights, each time moving the stone closer and closer to the edge of the circle. In the meantime, take whatever measures are appropriate and necessary for you to be safe. )y the end of the ninth night, you should be able to remove the stone completely from the circle. If however, you have procrastinated, and taken no steps to physically help remove yourself from this situation, moving the stone to the edge of the circle will not gain you freedom from the problem. 4ou may start again, but you should consider why you were unable to do it the first time, before beginning again.

!ental Healing Properties

Chrysocolla encourages us to be neutral, think with clarity, and to keep a cool head. It helps us to recogni!e that there is more to life than material things. It allows us to forgive old hurts and disappointments which clear the way for new, healthy ways of thinking. Chrysocolla helps overcome phobias by drawing out negativity and supplying motivation. Chrysocolla promotes truth-telling and impartiality# encouraging selfawareness and inner balance. Chrysocolla helps to clear the subconscious of negative feelings of guilt, fears and mental tension by summoning up inner strength. It aids in releasing old resentment and in forgiving people you5ve been holding resistance to. It is e,ceptionally helpful in dealing with the anger and pain associated with rape, or abuse of any kind.

Spiritual Healing Properties


Chrysocolla makes a bridge of energy between the /arth and the $ky, the physical and the spiritual planes. Chrysocolla is generally associated with peace and tran uility, intuition, patience and unconditional love. Chrysocolla is a powerful source of life-force energy and a stone for feminine empowerment# helping to build feminine energies and calm emotions. It improves communication and opens psychic vision. Chrysocolla will encourage a selfawareness and balanced nature.

Application
As with most gemstones, Chrysocolla is best used when held or laid upon the body. )est results come when it is laid directly on a Chakra, but it is uite beneficial however you choose to carry it.

Chrysocolla Associations
Cha)ras Throat Chakra ,odiac - Taurus, "emini, >irgo Planet >enus Element .ater Colours - blue, blue-green, green Energy *eceptive Po*ers - %eace, .isdom and =ove

Chrysocolla and #he Cha)ras

Chrysocolla calms, cleanses and re-energi!es all the chakras# it is an all purpose gemstone. It will increase awareness on all levels, bring light to the aura, clear energy blockages, it is very cleansing, as it absorbs heaviness and negativity. It helps to flush and heal all heart blocks, working with the Gth, &eart Chakra, and it has the capability of revitali!ing all of the chakras. Chrysocolla can calm the )ase, $acral and $olar %le,us Chakras. It can ease emotional heartache at the &eart Chakra and provide renewed strength, balance and a capacity to love. Bsed at the Throat Chakra, it provides strength and balance in how we e,press ourselves and communicate. Bsed at the )row Chakra or Third /ye, it can initiate powerful visionary e,periences.

!etaphysical Properties
Chrysocolla is considered to be a feminine lunar stone, with the energies of those goddesses, such as Iwan 4in, who are viewed as comforters. It helps to draw out the characteristics associated with nurturing goddess figures0 patience, compassion, forgiveness and tolerance 1both for others and for oneself3. Chrysocolla is a stone of peace and tran uility. Chrysocolla is said to release its energies gradually, allowing your body and mind to heal in a serene piece of mind. Chrysocolla is used to enhance intuition and draw unconditional love. Ieeping a piece in a romantic location is said to attract your perfect mate. $ome people recommend copper to increase chrysocollaPs abilities. Chrysocolla is particularly effective when carried as a touchstone or jewelry that is in constant contact with the skin. It should be cleansed once a month under warm running water and then recharged overnight in a bowl with tumbled hematite. Chrysocolla is used to attract love

%lace a piece of chrysocolla in your hand. >isuali!e a love being attracted to you. %lace the stone in a red or pink container half filled with water. Ce,t, put three red roses in the container as well. *eplace with fresh roses when any fade.

4our love will come to youQ

!ineral Properties
C&/(I$T*40 Cu$i?H n&A ?, &ydrated copper silicate C=A$$0 $ilicates $B)C=A$$0 %hyllosilicates B$/$0 minor ore of copper and an ornamental stone C?=?*0 green-blue but can vary widely from more blue to more green, often in the same specimen. =B$T/*0 earthy to dull or vitreous and wa,y. T*AC$%A*/CC40 translucent to opa ue. C*4$TA= $4$T/(0 monoclinic or orthorhombic. "*?.T& &A)IT$0 massive forms that can be crusts, stalachtites and botryoidal. Also as inclusions in other minerals such as uart!. C=/A>A"/0 absent. <*ACTB*/0 pronounced conchoidal. &A*;C/$$0 variable from A to G. $%/CI<IC "*A>IT40 appro,imately A.M A.H 1very light3 $T*/AI0 white to blue-green. A$$?CIAT/; (IC/*A=$0 uart!, limonite, a!urite, malachite, cuprite and other secondary copper minerals. ?T&/* C&A*ACT/*I$TIC$0 may have an opal like appearance. C?TA)=/ ?CCB**/CC/$0 include Ari!ona, Btah, Cew (e,ico and %ennsylvania, B$A# Israel# Naire and /ngland. )/$T <I/=; IC;ICAT?*$0 lack of crystals, color, fracture, low density and softness. Chrysocolla has a monoclinic crystal system and is in the mineral class of ring silicates. It is formed by a secondary process in the o,idation !one of copper ore where surface water that contains silicic acid dissolves the copper out of the rock. )ecause (alachite is formed in the same type of manner, it is not uncommon to find the two joined together.

It can crystalli!e in the form of crusts, layers, large masses and even needlelike crystals. Its coloring can range from green to tur uoise to blue shades, and is sometimes found with brown or black splotches.

Chrysocolla is perhaps more appropriately a mineraloid than a true mineral. (ost of the time it is amorphous meaning that it does not have a coherent crystalline structure. &owever at higher temperatures it does demonstrate a distorted crystal structure that seems to be composed of $iG ?EM sheets. Chrysocolla forms in the o,idation !ones of copper rich ore bodies. Chrysocolla is often found alongside uart!, copper minerals, a!urite, and limonite. Chrysocolla generally occurs as a bright green or bluish crust or as compact grapelike clusters of stone. .hen found mi,ed with malachite, tur uoise and a!urite, it creates a wonderful product called /ilat $tone 1a gem associated with Iing $oloman5s (ines3 as well as bringing the metaphysical ualities of each of those mineralRcrystals to create a powerful healing stone. %ure chrysocolla is soft and fragile and therefore not appropriate for use in jewelry. &owever, chrysocolla often is "agati!ed" in chalcedony uart! and it is the uart! that provides the stone with its polish and durability. ;ru!y Chrysocolla is a rock composed of agati!ed chrysocolla with a crust of small sparkling uart! crystals in small cavities. A skilled craftsman, if able to polish a specimen that accentuates the coloured swirls of chrysocolla and sparkles of the dru!y uart!, can produce a lovely and valuable piece of jewelry. ?ccasionally, chrysocolla can have a tur uoise color and be used as a fraudulent substitute for the more precious stone.

History
<or thousands of years, as legend tells it, chrysocolla has been a stone of conciliation and reassurance thought the world. In ancient /gypt, it was called the 5wise stone5 as those who wore it generally came up with clever comprises when it seems and unbearable pass in negotiations. It was also thought it would protect the wearer against psychological damage as well. =ore also tells that this stone had the power to make violent people more sensitive and tolerant, which is apparently why Cleopatra carried chrysocolla with her everywhere she went.

Sources of Chrysocolla

It is a copper bearing mineral found wherever copper deposits occur especially in areas of the $outh-western B$A# Ari!ona, Btah, Cew (e,ico, and even %ennsylvania. "lobally it is found in Chile, Naire, Israel, (e,ico, %eru, Afghanistan, Australia, C!ech *epublic, the former B$$*, Congo, <rance and /ngland. Chrysocolla grows in large si!es and is not considered rare or hard to find. &owever, this mineral is rarely mined today, which is what creates its high price tag. /liat $tone is a variegated blue and green mi,ture of chrysocolla and other copper minerals found in the "ulf of A aba, near the Corth-western end of the *ed $ea. $ses %ure chrysocolla is generally too soft for main line jewelry purposes although, beads can be created with it, as well, it is often found in uart! deposits which make the chrysocolla hard enough to polish for cabochons and other products.

Iron Pyrite - "Fools Gold"


The name %yrite comes from the "reek word "pyr" meaning "fire," and was named such because striking it with steel can even cause the sulfur in it to sparkQ. In early times, this sparking ability gave man one way of creating fire# in later times, this ability made it popular for use in early firearms devices such as the wheel lock. %yrite, commonly also known as "<ools "old" because of its color and shape, is popular for its crystal habit, hardness, streak, luster and brittleness. In the old mining days, %yrite was many times confused with "old, even though they can be easily distinguished. As it does resemble gold in it5s physical appearance, that is where the similarities end. Ironically, "old is often found adjacent to %yrite deposits, and the only thing foolish about finding "<ool5s "old" would be in not searching nearbyQ It is sometimes a bit sad that this beautiful and fascination mineral has a nickname like "<ool5s "old". It is also known as 5&ealers "old5. %yrite was polished by the Cative Corth, Central and $outh Tribes and cultures in the early times and used as mirrors.

Pyrite Healing Properties


It increases the o,ygen supply to the blood and strengthens the circulatory system. It is beneficial for the lungs, alleviating bronchitis and asthma. "ives physical aid in treating0 Infections# viruses and fevers# blood disorders# increases blood flow to the brain and improves circulatory system# increases memory# bone and cellular formation# helps repair ;CAR*CA damage# fatigue,lung problems# digestive tract problems# relieves an,iety and stress. Bse this stone to overcome lethargy and fatigue.

On the physical level, Pyrite can be used in the treatment and healing of all bone and cell diseases. A good protection against flu and the common cold. If you are a caregiver use the energies of pyrite to protect you from any harmful disease and germs associated with your work.

!etaphysical Properties of Pyrite


?vercomes inertia and feelings of inade uacy /nergi!es the area where you place it 1such as on a desk where you work3 &elps you to see behind a facade (akes a wonderful energy shield, blocking out negativity from various sources. ;eflects and disperses negativity. /nhances intelligence# (ental stability ;efense =ogic, analysis, creativity, /nhances memory "rounding $timulates intellect &armoni!es dualities %sychic development Increases energy and stamina ;etermination %romotes self-confidence Attracts wealth and good fortune Cleanse and recharge %yrite under the rays of the $un. Pyrite is another highly protective stone, blocking or shielding you from negative energies from people, places and things. Some like to use Pyrite to stimulate the intellect, recalling information when you need it the most. ood for those of us who can be forgetful. Stone of protection. Wards off negative energy and physical danger.

Pyrite Associations

Chakra1s30 $olar %le,us, Third /ye 1)row3 represents physical perfection# )oth earth and fire energies are captured within the pyrite stone# a perfect tool to assist in balancing 1or activating3 the Est, *oot or )ase Chakra. Nodiac - =eo Colours - )rassy yellow, =uster is metallic, often tarnished with a film of iron o,ide. 1Crystal formation varies, isometric in cubes and pyritohedrons, rarely as octohedrons. Also granular, massive, fibrous, stalactitic, and mammillary3 /lement1s30 <ire Cumerology - >ibrates to the number H. Creativity and JoyQ /nergy - *adiates from the .est

%yrite is usually considered to be a stone which can spark creative thinking to one who uses it and opens hisRher to new ideas. Iron pyrite is believed to be a very protective stone. It should be carried when performing dangerous work. It stimulates the powers of the intellect. $unflower pyrite, a variety of pyrite, is said to be a shielding stone. It protects one from any negative energy. It protects the physical, emotional, and etheric levels. It can help you tap your own latent mental talents and abilities. %yrite is a powerful protection stone, and is very grounding. %yrite helps one to communicate more openly and honestly, providing both emotional and physical protection. If you are indecisive, or unsure about something, carry a pyrite with you as a touchstone to help boost your self confidence. The reflective ualities of the stone make it a wonderful meditation or divination tool. %yrite increases physical stamina, stimulates the intellect and helps to transform thought into intelligent action. It is a wonderful stone for use in wealth magic or assisting in manifestation of needed energies. An e,cellent shield-stone, pyrite removes negativity from the aura to help one concentrate. Cultures in ancient (e,ico made scrying mirrors out of pyrite# they were created by polishing one side flat, to use for scrying, while the rounded side was carved with mystical symbols to assist in the scrying process. Cultures around the world cared amulets for protection and magic from pyrite, it was even one of the first healing stones to be used in a $haman5s bag. The (ayans, A!tecs and Incas, at one time, all were known to polish large slabs of %yrite to a mirror-like finish which they used for this very purpose. Cative Americans believed they could look into one5s very soul when peering into a polished piece of %yrite. Their shamans used it as "a stone of power," and their medicine men used it in certain healing rituals. %yrite has also been labeled the "&ealer5s $tone". The Inca5s used it uite e,tensively throughout their culture. The ancient Chinese viewed the earth as a golden cube, a vision well emulated by %yrite. They also believed that %yrite would guard against crocodile attacks.

%yrite is thought to create a better balance and flow between right and left brain function. This helps transform the intuitive and creative 1right brain3 thought into logical and well-reasoned 1left brain3 action. These metallic crystals are often used to attract money and good fortune. It is also widely used to protect against infections and viral attacks, and to help one attain a more ideal state of health. /dgar Cayce recommended that "to carry a piece of Carbon $teel in one5s pocket 1preferably a groin pocket3 would inhibit one from catching a cold or infection". Carbon $teel is a mi,ture of Iron and Carbon, to which %yrite is similar and claims the same health benefit. The ancient "reeks used polished %yrite in various types of jewelry and amulets. ;uring the >ictorian Age in /ngland, jewelry made with %yrite was e,tremely popular. %yrite found it5s name from the "reek word pyr, which means 5fire5, the <rench call it Pierre de Sante, meaning "stone of health" as they say it positively effects the body5s health. The resemblance of pyrite to gold has made it a traditional symbol for money and good luck. It5s sunny golden color associates it with the sun, and with fortification and strengthening of the mind. The name comes from the "reek word meaning "a stone which strikes fire". %yrite is easily distinguished from "old# %yrite being lighter in color and much harder, whereas it cannot be scratched with a fingernail or knife as "old can be. %yrite cannot be bent or shaped like gold. )ut even though %yrite is a fairly hard mineral, its crystals are known to break and crumble, as it is brittle.

(ineral %roperties0

C&/(I$T*40 FeS2, Iron Disulfide, often with substantial amounts of nickel and cobalt. C*4$TA==?"*A%&40 Isometric, Cubic# bar H ARm */<*ACTI>/ IC;/D0 ?pa ue# The refractive inde, is very high and over the limits of a refractometer. &A*;C/$$0 9 - 9.F $%/CI<IC "*A>IT40 G.LFSF.EM 1heavier than average for metallic minerals3 C=/A>A"/0 >ery indistinct C*4$TA= &A)IT$0 Include the cube, octahedron and pyritohedron 1a dodecahedron with pentagonal faces3 and crystals with combinations of these forms. "ood interpenetration twins called iron crosses are rare. %yrite is commonly found in nodules. A flattened nodular variety called "%yrite $uns" or "%yrite ;ollars" is popular in rock shops. Also massive or reniform and replaces other minerals and fossils forming pseudomorphs or copies. <ound predominately in cubes, pyritohedrons, sometimes octahedral and more rarely, distorted

octahedral crystals. It is also seen in the drusy formation and often as inclusions inside uart!.

<*ACTB*/0 Conchoidal. $T*/AI0 "reenish black. ?T&/* C&A*ACTA*I$TIC$0 )rittle, striations on cubic faces caused by crossing of pyritohedron with cube. 1note - striations on cube faces also demonstrate pyrite5s lower symmetry3. %yrite 1unlike gold3 is not malleable. A$$?CIAT/; (IC/*A=$0 uart!, calcite, gold, sphalerite, galena, fluorite and many other minerals.!Pyrite is so common it may be "uicker to name the unassociated minerals.# )/$T <I/=; IC;ICAT?*$0 Crystal habit, hardness, streak, luster and brittleness. &/AT $/C$ITI>/0 Co ./A*A)I=IT4T0 >ery "ood $%/CIA= CA*/ IC$T*BCTI?C$0 Cone /C&ACC/(/CT$0 Cone

%yrite occurs as cubes or as "pyritohedra", which have twelve faces, and each of those faces having five edges. It has been used in the jewelry industry for thousands of years, as specimens have been found in the ancient civili!ations of the "reeks, *omans and the Incas. Today it is most often used for costume jewelry, but being as brittle and fragile as it is, it re uires very careful cutting. %eacock pyrite, peacock copper peacock rock, are all the same stone, pyrite with metallic peacock coloring flashing all over it. <ound in %eru, "ermany, $pain, *ussia, $outh Africa )olivia, Italy, Colorado, Illinois, %ennsylvania, Cew 4ork and (issouri in the B$A. Iron %yrite is a very abundant mineral found world wide. %yrite is usually found associated with other sulfides or o,ides in uart! veins, sedimentary rock, and metamorphic rock, as well as in coal beds, and as a replacement mineral in fossils. ;espite being nicknamed fool5s gold, small uantities of gold are sometimes found associated with pyrite. "old and arsenic occur as a coupled substitution in the pyrite structure. In the Carlin, Cevada gold deposit, arsenian pyrite contains up to M.H: wtU gold. Auriferous pyrite is a valuable ore of gold. %yrite occurs in many interesting shapes. It occurs in masses of very small %yritohedrons or cubes, which creates a glistening effect when rotated in the light. It also occurs in large Cubes, either singular or intergrown, with striated faces. (ost cubes are irregularly shaped# mostly elongated.

(ineralogists now believe that they are pyrite crystals formed between layers of slate and coal that simply had no room to grow in the traditional cubes that one normally finds pyrite. <ormed HFM million years ago deep in the coal mines of Illinois, B$A, each is uni ueQ %yrite is actually disulfide of iron, and the metallic crystal grows in cubes, nodules, masses of tiny crystals, and can even be found as flat discs. /,tremely common in the /arth5s crust and found in almost every possible geological environment including sedimentary, metamorphic, magmatic and hydrothermal deposits, %yrite5s usual crystal forms are cubic, octahedron and pyritohedron - the latter being a dodecahedron with F-sided pentagon faces. .hen a cube and pyritohedron crystal combine, the face of the cube may appear striated 1grooved with lines or ridges3. (any times %yrite will be found in combinations of all these forms, but may also occur in masses, globular, radiating or reniform. %yrite is also commonly found as small nodules. A flat variety of this nodular form, appropriately called "%yrite $uns" or "%yrite ;ollars", are popular with collectors. ;uring the early years of the AMth century, pyrite was used as a mineral detector in radio receivers, and to this day is so used by 5crystal radio5 hobbyists. Bntil the vacuum tube matured, the crystal detector was the most sensitive and dependable detector availablewith considerable variation between mineral types and even individual samples within a particular type of mineral. The most sensitive mineral was galena, which was very sensitive also to mechanical vibration, and easily knocked off the sensitive point# the most stable were perikon mineral pairs# and midway between was the pyrites detector, which is appro,imately as sensitive as a modern ECHGA diode detector. Today, it is used as an ornamental stone, as well as a very popular stone for the amateur collector. It is sometimes used as gemstone by being faceted and polished for use as a side jewel in a ring, necklace, or bracelet. %yrite is many times wrongly called "(arcasite" in the gem trade. Although the mineral (arcasite has the same composition as %yrite, it is a different mineral. (arcasite is not suitable for gem use, because it powders and may disintegrate into a powder. %yrite has been proposed as an abundant ine,pensive material in low cost photovoltaic solar panels.