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Seven (7) Christian Sacraments A. Sacraments of Initiation 1.

Baptism- to baptize (Greek baptizein) means to "plunge" or "immerse into the water symbolizes: the catechumen's burial into Christ's death, from which he rises up by resurrection with him, as "a new creature. a. It is a form of sacrament of regeneration through water in the word. b. Why is Baptism necessary? i. Jesus Himself affirmed: Unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. Jn 3:5 ii. The baptized person is ENLIGTHENED and he BECOMES A LIGHT himself Eph 5:8 c. Three (3) things that the person vows to reject in Baptism o SIN- saying no to God, refusal to live like Christ. o EVIL- absence of Gods goodness. o SATAN- father, prince of darkness. d. FAITH- key Ingredient in the sacrament of Baptism - It is that real force within us that by the power of Christs Holy Spirit, gradually works a transformation in our daily thoughts, hopes, attitudes and values. e. Forms of Baptism i. Baptism of Desire- any person who is sorry for the sins committed, and desires to be baptized but is unable to receive Baptism due to the impossibility ii. Baptism of Blood -any person who suffers or dies for his faith of God f. Two Kinds of Baptism i. Adult ii. Infant g. Effects of baptism i. Unites us with the Risen Christ ii. Unites us with other members of Christs Body, the Church iii. We share in the Divine Life (children of God) h. Symbols: i. ii.

Water- represents cleansing Candle (Fire)- Christ is the light of the world and so should we.

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Oil- in ancient times, oil was used to anoint kings and queens to show that they were set apart White Garment (clothed with or put on Christ) purity, means putting on Christ, similar to a bride.

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2. Confirmation a. Through the Holy Spirit, we know what we have to do and we have been given the power to do it! b. Strengthened by the Holy Spirit. Confirmed in the fullness of Christian faith c. Conferred by anointing with the holy Chrism on the forehead, done while imposing the hands and by these words: ., be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit. d. Completion of Baptism which is done when one has reached the age of discretion e. Effects of Confirmation: i. Strengthen and confirm the grace of Baptism(giving witness to Christ) ii. Faith is deepened becoming more mature and responsible members of the Church iii. Actual grace is strengthened iv. We developed a seal on our soul: soldiers in the army of Jesus f. Gifts of the Holy Spirit: o Wisdom - helps us to see the world in its true light and to value more the things of heaven o Understanding - helps us to grasp better the truths of our Catholic faith o Counsel - helps us to see and pick what is most for Gods glory and best for our salvation o Knowledge - points out to us the path to follow and the dangers to avoid o Fortitude - gives us the courage and strength to combat obstacles and difficulties o Piety - helps us to embrace all that is part of Gods service because of our confidence in Him o Fear of the Lord - helps us to understand that to offend God is the greatest of all evils

3. Eucharist- the Christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed. a. It is reenacted in accordance with Jesus' instruction at the Last Supper, as recorded in several books of the New Testament, that his followers do in remembrance of him as when he gave his disciples bread, saying, "This is my body", and gave them wine saying, "This is my blood." Derived from the Greek word, Eucharistia which meansthanksgiving prayer It is Jesus Himself SHARING His Body and Blood for our Salvation. The Eucharist is our FOOD and NOURISHMENT for our faith-life. This is My Body- Jesus offers Himself as bread that is shared by all (without discrimination) This is My Blood- Jesus gives His Life on the cross for all of us. Do this in memory of Me Does not mean to celebrate an anniversary BUT TO MAKE IT PRESENT! The Great Acts of God in the past.

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h. EFFECTS OF RECEIVING THE HOLY COMMUNION: i. Union with Christ ii. Separate us from sin iii. Reconcile and Be reconciled iv. Builds up the Church j. 3 Aspects of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist i. Sacrifice ii. Communion iii. Presence B. Sacraments of Healing 1. Penance/Reconciliation a. Effects: o Reconciliation with God and the Christian community. o Find a useful remedy for venial sins o Drawing strength to overcome our daily weakness o Gain the full freedom of the children of God b. Ministers: o Bishops o Priests c. "I forgive you of all of your sins, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" d. Sacrament of Conversion e. Metanoia- change of heart f. God- the source of forgiveness

g. Priest- acts as Gods instrument of forgiveness h. Different Names o Confession- it stresses the importance of acknowledging our sins while asking for Gods forgiving grace. o Sacrament of Penance- it emphasizes the whole process of conversion. o Sacrament of Reconciliation- it brings out the inner relationship between being reconciled with God and neighbors. i. Purpose o Obtain pardon from Gods mercy for offenses committed against Him o Reconciled with the Church which they have wounded by their sins and which by charity, example and prayer, labor for their conversion. j. What does the Church say about the Sacrament of Reconciliation? o We are sinners. o We need the mercy of God our Father who sent His Son to save us and the Holy Spirit to dwell in us. o Gods mercy, always available to us, comes through Christ, the Church and the priest. o God calls us to conversion. o The closer intimacy with Christ and re- integration in the Church community effected in confession finds a natural completion in the Eucharistic celebration.

2. Anointing of the Sick Effects: o Being strengthened in time of illness. o United in prayer with the community. o Physically/psychologically healed? o Ministers: o Bishops o Priests "Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up." Anointing sick persons forehead &hands with blessed oil The Sacrament is not only for those who are at the brink of death, but is meant for baptized Christians who are sick. o Extreme Unction- Pastoral Care for the Dying o Viaticum- the Eucharist given to a dying person o Anointing of the Sick- Pastoral Care for the Sick Sickness is the concrete sign of the presence of evil in the world. Sickness weakens us, it shows our helplessness and our need for care and support.

The Christian Attitude to Sickness/ Suffering o It is part of Gods providence (our strength to overcome sufferings and perseverance in our struggles) that we should struggle against all sickness and carefully seek the blessings of good health so that we can fulfill our role in human society and the Church. o We realize sickness as a sign not of a particular personal sin, but of the oppressive presence of evil in our human situation o All those who are seriously ill need the special help of Gods grace. o Our sufferings can take on creative, saving, and transforming meaning and value by joining our sufferings with Christs.

Sacrament of Vocation Matrimony/M