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Post World War II literature sort of continues the themes (or a theme) of disillusionment that began in the "Lost Generation" Post WWI writers. American literature becomes increasingly more regional post 1920s the center of American literature shifts from the East to the Midwest and the South. By midcentury, American literature was becoming increasingly more urban. World War II had enormous impact on American writing, as did many of the other events of mid and late twentieth-century America (explosion of the Atomic bomb in 1945, the emergence of television as a cultural force, the invention and growing dominance of computers, the McCarthyism of the 50s, the Civil Rights movement of the 50s and 60s, the Korean and Vietnam wars, the feminist movement of the 60s and 70s). The literature that emerges from the experience of World War II is distinctly different from that of WWI and yet it also seems to be aligned with the themes of dissillusionment that began with the "Lost Generation" (if WWII is considered the "Greatest Generation"); however, it shows a nation that was united and confident in its powers to endure and to lead transitioned to a new enlightened period of the experience gained; or so it seems. Returning veterans and the women who had occupied jobs formerly held by men were among those who found post war America less hospitable that war time America. The 50s did see the rise of a counterculture in literature, notably the Beat Generation. This group of writers Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti made San Franciscos City Lights Book Store a new center of American literature. For black Americans, WWII proved a modest, but significant turning point. From 1947 to 1957 the march towards full civil rights began the US Army was integrated in 1948; the Supreme Court struck down segregation in public school in 1954 in the landmark case Brown v Board of Education; Martin Luther King launched the bus boycott in Montgomery Alabama in 1957. The movement accelerated in the 1960s, with landmark Civil Rights legislation passed in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The 50s saw an amazing growth in American literature of all sorts: Eudora Welty from Mississippi; Saul Bellow from Chicago; Norman Mailer, Arthur Miller, and Bernard Malamud from Brooklyn; James Baldwin and Ralph Ellison from Harlem; Flannery OConnor from Georgia; Sylvia Plath from Massachusetts, and many others. It seems that the world around these authors (and people in general who read the works of the above authors) began to emerge. Whether that is a good or indifferent thing is up to each person to decide for themselves.

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