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Now you know many things about anchors!

Lets start the design with ACI 318 appendix D

Conceptual of Post-Installed Anchor Design


1. Action load and moment transfer to anchor by tensile and shear

Tensile

Shear

Tensile and shear action

Conceptual of Post-Installed Anchor Design


2. Load in anchor transfer to concrete

Conceptual of Post-Installed Anchor Design


2. Load in anchor transfer to concrete

3.

Design Resistance

Design Load

Caution! :

If resistance load were lower than action load in any case

Design Resistance

Design Load

start your design again!

Step before starting

your calculation

4 steps before starting your calculation


1
Identify design criteria Installation position and layout of anchor Base material Type ? Properties ?

Zone of concrete compression = Un-Cracked Concrete

Compressive Strength ?

Zone of concrete tension = Cracked Concrete

4 steps before starting your calculation


1
Identify design criteria Base material

Cracked Concrete : tension zone in concrete

4 steps before starting your calculation


2
Identify Action Load criteria

Action load & moment with direction Load condition & required Resistance

Static Load

Dynamic Load

4 steps before starting your calculation


3
Identify installation condition Installed direction Hole surface condition

Vertical

Horizontal

Overhead Hammer drill hole Diamond core

Temperature of base material Must to suit for Thailand

Moister condition

Dry
Water - Saturated Water - filled hole Underwater application

4 steps before starting your calculation


4

Other requirement

Corrosive resistance

Low

Corrosive Resistance

High

Insulator
Factory mutual

Now, lets go through ACI 318-11 Appendix D step by step

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes Tension resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 3 Modes Shear resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 2 Modes Bond resistance (Tension): Bonding 1 mode

2 reduction factor
Select minimum resistance

Multiply

Steel: Ductile or Brittle steel Concrete: Supplementary reinforcement or plain concrete Product Reliability High, Medium or Low Seismic load condition: 0.75 x reduction factor x Fy. Tension: 5 Modes Shear: 3 Modes
Vua / Vn < 0 .2 Full strength in Tension shall be permitted Nua / Nn < 0 .2 Full strength in Shear shall be permitted Nua + Nn Vua < 1 .2 or recalculate Vn

Interaction load considering

Specify anchor details in the drawings

xDB..x...mm. with product A or design resistance load equivalent (ACI)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes Tension resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 3 Modes Shear resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 2 Modes Bond resistance (Tension): Bonding 1 mode

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes

Tension resistance : 5 Major formulas


1. Steel failure (D.5.1)

Shear resistance : 3 Major formulas


1. Steel failure (D.6.1)

2. Concrete breakout

(D.5.2)

2. Concrete breakout

(D.6.2)

3. Concrete pullout

(D.5.3)

3. Concrete pry-out

(D.6.3)

4. Concrete side-face blowout (D.5.4)

5. Bond strength of adhesive anchor (D.5.5)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes Tension resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 3 Modes Shear resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 2 Modes Bond resistance (Tension): Bonding 1 mode

2 reduction factor

Multiply

Steel: Ductile or Brittle steel Concrete: Supplementary reinforcement or plain concrete Product Reliability High, Medium or Low Seismic load condition: 0.75 x reduction factor x Fy.

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


2
Multiply reduction factor : Strength

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


2
Multiply reduction factor : Seismic
Anchor in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F shall satisfy the additional requirements in accordance with ACI 318 appendix D Section D.3.3

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes Tension resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 3 Modes Shear resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 2 Modes Bond resistance (Tension): Bonding 1 mode

2 reduction factor
Select minimum resistance

Multiply

Steel: Ductile or Brittle steel Concrete: Supplementary reinforcement or plain concrete Product Reliability High, Medium or Low Seismic load condition: 0.75 x reduction factor x Fy. Tension: 5 Modes Shear: 3 Modes
Vua / Vn < 0 .2 Full strength in Tension shall be permitted Nua / Nn < 0 .2 Full strength in Shear shall be permitted Nua + Nn Vua < 1 .2 or recalculate Vn

Interaction load considering

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


3+4 Select minimum resistance capacity + Interaction load considering

ACI 318-11 appendix D Section D.5


Nn = min { Nsa ; Ncb ; Npn ; Nsb ; Nag }

ACI 318-11 appendix D Section D.6


Vn = min { Vsa ; Vcbg ; Vcpg }

The governing tensile strength is taken to be the minimum value among Nsa, Ncb, Npn, Nsb and Nag

The governing shear strength is taken to be the minimum value among Vsa , Vcbg and Vcpg

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


4
Interaction load considering of tensile and shear

Nua

is the factored applied tensile load that must be resisted by the anchor.

Vua is the factored applied shear load that must be resisted by the anchor.

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


1
Define load resistance from all failure modes Tension resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 3 Modes Shear resistance: Steel 1 mode + Concrete 2 Modes Bond resistance (Tension): Bonding 1 mode

2 reduction factor
Select minimum resistance

Multiply

Steel: Ductile or Brittle steel Concrete: Supplementary reinforcement or plain concrete Product Reliability High, Medium or Low Seismic load condition: 0.75 x reduction factor x Fy. Tension: 5 Modes Shear: 3 Modes
Vua / Vn < 0 .2 Full strength in Tension shall be permitted Nua / Nn < 0 .2 Full strength in Shear shall be permitted Nua + Nn Vua < 1 .2 or recalculate Vn

Interaction load considering

Specify anchor details in the drawings

xDB..x...mm. with product A or design resistance load equivalent (ACI)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D : step by step


5
Specify anchor details in the drawings , General note and Master specification Specify word

DB16 x 160 mm. @200 with XXXXXXX or design resistance load equivalent (ACI)

General note 1. ACI 318 appendix D is mandatory code for Post-install anchor. Installation shall be strictly followed to manufacturer instruction

2. Adhesive anchor for masonry is not allowed to installed into structural member
3. Any equivalent to be submitted to structural designer with calculation sheet (ACI) attached with valid ICC approval and other required certificate (s) Master specification

Section
Section

031500_Concrete_Accessories_042013
050519_Post_Installed_Concrete_Anchors_042013

General Requirement

General Requirement
Tension resistance : 5 Major formulas
1. Steel failure (D.5.1)

Shear resistance : 3 Major formulas


1. Steel failure (D.6.1)

2. Concrete breakout

(D.5.2)

2. Concrete breakout

(D.6.2)

3. Concrete pullout

(D.5.3)

3. Concrete pry-out

(D.6.3)

4. Concrete side-face blowout (D.5.4)

5. Bond strength of adhesive anchor (D.5.5)

General Requirement
ACI 318 Appendix D says that for post-installed anchors, test reports from ACI 355.2 or ACI 355.4 qualification tests shall be used.

General Requirement
ACI 318 Appendix D says that for post-installed anchors, test reports from ACI 355.2 or ACI 355.4 qualification tests shall be used.

Select anchor material from ICC report


ACI 318 Appendix D says that for post-installed anchors, test reports from ACI 355.2 or ACI 355.4 qualification tests shall be used.

355.2-07
Qualification of Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors in Concrete & Commentary
(ACI 318-11 Appendix D)

355.4-11
Qualification of Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete and Commentary

AC193

AC308

Select anchor material from ICC report


How to find the ICC-ES Evaluation Report?

http://www.icc-es.org/Evaluation_Reports/

Click Search Report

Select anchor material from ICC report


Searching from this website, you will get genuine report with no Photoshop!!!

Identify preferred manufacturer and / or product name

Click Search

Select anchor material from ICC report


Make sure whats base material do you want to apply the anchor, concrete or masonry!!!!

Check approved base material

Product A

Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Make sure whats base material do you want to apply the anchor, concrete or masonry!!!!

Click to see the report of the product that you are interested !!
Product A

Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Now you get the genuine report easily

Product A

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved base material Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 and ICC-ESR 2262 Masonry or Concrete?

Product A Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it

Approved base material


Approved load condition Examples : ICC-ESR 2322

cracked or uncracked concrete?

Static , Dynamic , Seismic , Shock, Fatigue

and

ICC-ESR 2262

Product A

Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved base material
cracked or non-cracked concrete?

Examples : ICC-ESR 2322


Product A

and

ICC-ESR 2262
Product B

Product A

Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it

Approved load condition Examples : ICC-ESR 2322


Product A

Seismic

and
Product B

ICC-ESR 2262

Product A

Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved installed condition Examples : Dry ,Water-Saturated , Water-filled hole, Underwater

ICC-ESR 2322

and

ICC-ESR 2262

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved hole surface
Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 and ICC-ESR 2262

Hammer drill , Diamond core or both

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved limitation and minimum requirement Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 and ICC-ESR 2262 Threated rod : Anchor spacing , Edge distance , Member thickness

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved limitation and minimum requirement Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 and ICC-ESR 2262 Rebar : Anchor spacing , Edge distance , Member thickness

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Approved temperature Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 Maximum long term temperature Table 13, 14, 29, 30 (RE 500-SD) Fit for our country ?

Examples : ICC-ESR 2262 Maximum long term temperature Table 12, 18 (HY 150 MAX)

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Other
Examples : ICC-ESR 2322
Product A

Installation : Borehole diameter

and
Product B

ICC-ESR 2262

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Other
Examples : ICC-ESR 2322
Product A

Installation : Borehole depth

and

ICC-ESR 2262
Product B

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Other Installation : Temperature of base meterial

Examples : ICC-ESR 2322 and ICC-ESR 2262

Select anchor material from ICC report


Find Following Information in the ICC-ES Reports and state where you found it
Other
Installation : Drilling method (hammer drill, diamond core) and Borehole cleaning and ICC-ESR 2262

Examples : ICC-ESR 2322

ACI Design Example

ACI Design Example

ACI Design Example


Step 1 : Check minimum edge distance, anchor spacing and member thickness

Section 5.11 Section 5.12

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 1 : Check minimum edge distance, anchor spacing and member thickness

Section 5.11
hef,min = 2.75 in < hef = 9 in Cmin Smin = 2.5 in < Ca,min = 2.5 in = 2.5 in < S = 4 in hmin = 10.25 in < h = 12 in

Section 5.12

ACI Design Example


Nsa

Step 2 : Calculate steel strength

D.5.1.2
D.1 and D. 4.3 a) Table 7 & D.5.1.2 Table 2

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Nsa

Step 2 : Calculate steel strength

D.5.1.2
D.1 and D. 4.3 a) Table 7 & D.5.1.2 Table 2

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

D.5.2.1 and Eq. (D-4)

D.5.2.1 and Eq. (D-5)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

D.5.2.5 and Eq. (D-10)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

Section 4.1.10

D.5.2.7 and Eq. (D-12)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI 318-08 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

D.5.2.2 and Eq. (D-6) D.5.2.1 and Eq. (D-4) D.4.3 c)

Table 8

Table 8

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

D.5.2.2 and Eq. (D-6) D.5.2.1 and Eq. (D-4) D.4.3 c)

Table 8

Table 8

ACI Design Example


Step 3 : Determine concrete breakout strength

D.5.2.2 and Eq. (D-6) D.5.2.1 and Eq. (D-4) D.4.3 c)

Table 8

Table 8

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-19)

Section 4.1.4
Eq. (D-16b)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-20)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-20)

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-20)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-25)

Section 4.1.4

Eq. (D-16m)
Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16m)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16g)

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16I)

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16h)

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16g)

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-23)

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-27)

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16p)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-22)

Section 4.1.4

Eq. (D-16f)

D.5.5 and Eq. (D-19)

Section 4.1.4 Eq. (D-16b)

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 4 : Determine bond strength

ACI Design Example


Step 5 : Determine controlling strength

ACI 318-11 Appendix D

ACI Design Example


Step 6 : Determine strength to ASD using factor provided in Section 4.2

To complete your post-installed anchor design, you have to apply 6 factors from ICC to 8 major formulas and 28 sub-formulas from ACI 318 Appendix D
Major formula Number of formulas for Tension resistance checking Steel failure Concrete breakout Concrete pullout Concrete side face blowout 1 1 1 1 7 4 12 3 5 1 1 Sub formula Variable ICC

Bond strength (Adhesive anchor)

10

Number of formulas for Shear resistance checking Steel failure 1 4

Concrete breakout
Concrete pryout Total

1
1 8

7
7 28

9
13 60 1 6