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University of Santo Tomas Espaa, Manila S.Y.

2013-2014 Faculty of Pharmacy PHYS 201 Physics Laboratory Formal Report

Group 6 2G- Medical Technology Members: 33. Pineda, Maria Kamil C. 34. Puno, John Paulo R. 35. Quan, James Michael Dl. 36. Ramil, Josef 37. Recabo, Kim Anthony 38. Sevilla, Alyssa

June 25, 2013 Professor: Ms. Arra C. Quitaneg

Experiment No. 1 The Vernier and Micrometer Calipers I. Introduction Physics is a science of mostly measurements. Being knowledgeable in maneuvering the measuring devices and being able to interpret the reading is essential in Physics laboratory. The experiment is about measuring the given materials of different figures with the use of the Vernier caliper and the Micrometer caliper. A caliper is an instrument with two jaws, straight or curved, used to determine the diameters of objects or the distances between two surfaces. T h e V e r n i e r Caliper is a scale with an accuracy of 0.05 mm and can measure up to 155.0 mm, on the other hand, Micrometer is a scale with an accuracy of 0.01 mm and can measure up t o 2 5 . 0 0 m m . E a c h g r o u p i s p r o v i d e d w i t h a m e t a l l i c w a s h e r , g l a s s m a r b l e a n d m e t a l l i c cube. The accuracy is also an important point to this experiment by obtaining the dimensions of the materials like the mass, diameter, radius, length, height, volume and density. The experimental and standard densities were then compared and calculate for a measure of how inaccurate a measurement is, standardized to how large the measurement is and by the formula (measured value-actual value) over the actual value times100%. The demand of the experiment is to demonstrate mathematical and logical skills by ensuring accurate computations and applying the rules on significant figures. II. Questions and Answers 1. Differentiate the micrometer and vernier scales. Both the Vernier and Micrometer Scales are used in measurements of t h e d i m e n s i o n s o f o b j e c t s ; h o w e v e r , t h e y d i f f e r i n t e r m s o f c a p a c i t y a n d accuracy. A Vernier Caliper is provided with devices to measure internal depths and both inside and outside diameters. It can

measure a solid object up to 155.0 mm in length and has an accuracy of up to 0.05 mm. Its main scale is marked in divisions of 0.1 cm while its vernier scale is marked in divisions of 0.01 cm. Whereas, a Micrometer Caliper is another device for measuring very small distances. It can gauge only up to 25.00 mm but has an accuracy of up to 0.01mm. Its main scale is marked in divisions of 0.5 mm while the vernier scale is marked in divisions of 0.01 mm. 2. Draw the figure for the micrometer readings below: i. 3.680mm

ii.

1.593mm

3. State some of the errors that one might make in measuring the length both the vernier and micrometer calipers. Some common errors when using the calipers are wrong reading of the 0-mark and reading the measurement itself. These may be caused by: a. Human intervention. There are instances when you greatly force the device, your sample tends to stretch that will yield to deformation of its shape and will cause you i u y f di , w j ws d s i dl i u fix d. b. Human interpretation. The uncertainty of the line when reading, one might see the lines on the main scale and the vernier are aligned other might not read the same.

III. Conclusion After the experiment, the group learned how to measure and read the scales using the vernier and micrometer calipers. In addition to this, it can be said that one must be guided and taught on how to use both kinds of calipers so as to not commit common errors. One can also say that the micrometer caliper is much more accurate than the vernier caliper based on the measurements that we can obtain. The micrometer caliper can measure up to 3 decimal places which is more accurate compared to the 2 decimal places measured by the vernier caliper.