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FM BUG

T his low-cost cordless bug can transmit voice signals in FM band ( 88-108MHz ) up to about 250
meters. Which can be heard on any ordinary Fm radio. The rated power of the transmitter with
operating voltage of 3 volts is about 5mW. One of the most important features of this project is the
use of standard components. Since restrictions apply to FM transmitters in some countries, you will
have to find out the laws in your locality before commencing construction.

C8
R1 R4 R5 ANT 0.1
C6
27K 10K 39K L1 68p
R3 C4 4T SW1
VC1 33p
1M On/Off
2-22p

R2 C2
15K 0.1 C7
15p

Q1 Q2 C5
C1 3V
BC547 BF494 10p
47n BATTERY

Mic C3 R6 L1 = 4Turns, 24swg copper


Electret microphone 1n 150 wire , 3mm air core
Antenna = 80cm wire

A bug is a transmitter which


can transmit audio or video. A
bug should be small and easy to
is a microphone preamplifier built
around BC548 transistor.

hide. The purpose of a bug is to The next stage is a VHF oscil-


hear conversation that you are not lator wired around another BF494.
suppose to hear. It is not a big The 27K microphone load resistor
deal, half of the American popula- determines the gain of the micro-
phone. The 47n and 15K couples
tion has been bugged during the
the microphone to the input of the
last year by several well known
· FEATURES first stage. Transistor Q2, capaci-
intelligence's and also by unknown
tors C3,C4,VC1 C5,C6,resistors
· Low current consumption. intelligence's. This miniature trans-
R5,R6 and inductor L1 form an FM
mitter is easy to construct and it's
· Good transmitting range. oscillator that operates at a fre-
DEVADAS.K quency of around 98 MHz Variable
· Excellent audio quality. -capacitor VC1 allows the oscilla-
transmissions can be picked up on
· High frequency stability. any standard FM radio. It has a tor frequency to be adjusted be-
range of up to 1/4-Km (250 me- tween 88 and 108MHz. The carrier
· Up to 10 days battery life frequency of an oscillator is deter-
ters) or more, depending on the
line-of-sight, obstructions by large mined by the capacity of C4, VC1
in conjunction with the inductance
buildings, etc. It is great for room
of the coil L1. Capacitor C6 helps
monitoring, baby listening, nature
in frequency tuning and C7 is an
research, etc The circuit com-
antenna coupling capacitor.
prises two stages. The first stage

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FM BUG

PARTS LIST
EBC BEC
TRANSISTOR
Q1— BC547
Q2— BF494 BC547 BF494
RESISTOR
R1— 27K
R2— 15K
R3— 1M
R4— 10K 33 33
R5—39K
R6— 150Ω
CAPACITOR Ordinary NPO

C1— 47n (0.047µF) Polyester


C2— 0.1µF Polyester
Test and tune
C3— 1n (0.001µF) NPO Ceramic disk
C4— 33P NPO Ceramic disk Connect the Transmitter to the battery. Turn on a nearby
C5— 10P NPO Ceramic disk FM radio and tune to a quiet spot (no station using that fre-
quency) on the dial somewhere between 90 and 95MHz.
C6— 68P NPO Ceramic disk
Adjust VC1 and L1 until you do hear the bug. First adjust
C7— 15P NPO Ceramic disk
VC1 for the best reception, and then fine tune the radio.
C8— 0.1µF Ceramic disk
Transmitting range — field test
MIC— Condenser MIC
VC1— Trimmer 2-22p Philips pocket radio — 75m
L1— 4Turns, 24SWG, 3mm diameter air core,
Enameled Copper Wire
Nokia cell phone radio — 150m

ANT— 80cm Insulated Copper Wire Icom IC-R5 wide band receiver — 250m
Battery— Two, UM4 — AAA Cell 1.5V each
SW1— On/Off switch
One AAA Battery holder

Capacitor 4.7pF 15pF 47pF Working voltage R1 R4 R6


C7 3V 27K 10K 150Ω
Range * ** *** 6V 39K 15K 270Ω
Stability *** ** * 9V 47K 22K 470Ω

Working voltage 3V 6V 9V
Range 250m 500m 750m

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FM BUG

Bug PCB Layout

Bug Component Layout

40mm

15mm

Actual size 40mm x 15mm

Drill hole 0.8mm

Copyright © 2009 Devadas.K. All rights reserved. Please consider the environment before printing this document.

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