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Paper Reference(s)

6666/01
Edexcel GCE
Core Mathematics C4
Gold Level (Hardest) G4
Time: 1 hour 0 mi!utes
Materials re"uired #or exami!atio! $tems i!cluded %ith "uestio! &a&ers
Mathematical Formulae (Green) Nil
Candidates may use any calculator allowed by the regulations of the Joint
Council for Qualifications. Calculators must not have the facility for symbolic
algebra manipulation, differentiation and integration, or have retrievable
mathematical formulas stored in them.
$!structio!s to Ca!didates
Write the name of the examining body (Edexcel) your centre number candidate number the
unit title (!ore Mathematics !") the paper reference (####) your surname initials and
signature$
$!#ormatio! #or Ca!didates
% boo&let 'Mathematical Formulae and (tatistical )ables* is pro+ided$
Full mar&s may be obtained for ans,ers to %-- .uestions$
)here are / .uestions in this .uestion paper$ )he total mar& for this paper is 01$
'dvice to Ca!didates
2ou must ensure that your ans,ers to parts of .uestions are clearly labelled$
2ou must sho, sufficient ,or&ing to ma&e your methods clear to the Examiner$ %ns,ers
,ithout ,or&ing may gain no credit$
(u))ested )rade *ou!daries #or this &a&er:
'+ ' , C - E
6. /. 4. 6 0 .6
Gold 4 )his publication may only be reproduced in accordance ,ith Edexcel -imited copyright policy$
3455064578 Edexcel -imited$
10 (a) Find
4
d
x
x e x

$
(/)
(b) 9ence find the exact +alue of
7
4
5
d
x
x e x

$
(.)
June 2013
.0 :se the substitution u ; 4
x
to find the exact +alue of
(

+
7
5
4
) 7 4 (
4
x
x
dx$
!"
1u!e .002
0
3i)ure .
Figure 4 sho,s a right circular cylindrical metal rod ,hich is expanding as it is heated$ %fter
t seconds the radius of the rod is x cm and the length of the rod is 1x cm$
)he cross<sectional area of the rod is increasing at the constant rate of 5$584 cm
4
s
67
$
(a) Find
t
x
d
d
,hen the radius of the rod is 4 cm gi+ing your ans,er to 8 significant figures$
(4)
(b) Find the rate of increase of the +olume of the rod ,hen x ; 4$
(4)
Gold "= 74>74 4
1u!e .004
Gold 4 )his publication may only be reproduced in accordance ,ith Edexcel -imited copyright policy$
3455064578 Edexcel -imited$
40 (i) Find
(

,
_

x
x
d
4
ln
$
#"
(ii) Find the exact +alue of
(

4
"
4
d sin

x x
$
$"
1a!uar5 .004
/. (a) Find (

+
x
x
x
d
# ?
x @ 5$
(.)
(b) Gi+en that y ; / at x ;7 sol+e the differential e.uation
x
y
d
d
;
x
y x
8
7
) # ? ( +
gi+ing your ans,er in the form y
4
; g(x)$
(6)
1a!uar5 .010
60 f() ; " cos
4
6 8sin
4

(a) (ho, that f() ;


4
7
A
4
0
cos 4$
()
(b) 9ence using calculus find the exact +alue of
(

4
5
d f

) (
$
(2)
1u!e .010
Gold " =74>74 "
20 Relati+e to a fixed origin O the point A has position +ector (/i A 786 6 47) the point B has position +ector (75i A
7"6 6 "7) and the point C has position +ector (?i A ?6 A #7)$
)he line l passes through the points A and B$
(a) Find a +ector e.uation for the line l$
()
(b) Find
CB
$
(.)
(c) Find the siBe of the acute angle bet,een the line segment CB and the line l gi+ing your ans,er in degrees to
7 decimal place$
()
(d) Find the shortest distance from the point C to the line l$
()
)he point X lies on l$ Gi+en that the +ector CX is perpendicular to l
(e) find the area of the triangle CXB gi+ing your ans,er to 8 significant figures$
()
1u!e .008
Gold " =74>74 1
40 -i.uid is pouring into a large +ertical circular cylinder at a constant rate of 7#55 cm
8
s
67
and is lea&ing out of a
hole in the base at a rate proportional to the s.uare root of the height of the li.uid already in the cylinder$ )he
area of the circular cross section of the cylinder is "555 cm
4
$
(a) (ho, that at time t seconds the height h cm of li.uid in the cylinder satisfies the differential e.uation
t
h
d
d
; 5$" kh
,here k is a positi+e constant$
()
When h = 41 ,ater is lea&ing out of the hole at "55 cm
8
s
67
$
(b) (ho, that k = 5$54$
(1)
(c) (eparate the +ariables of the differential e.uation
t
h
d
d
; 5$" 5$54h
to sho, that the time ta&en to fill the cylinder from empty to a height of 755 cm is gi+en by
(


755
5
d
45
15
h
h
$
(.)
:sing the substitution h ; (45 x)
4
or other,ise
(d) find the exact +alue of (


755
5
d
45
15
h
h
$
(6)
(e) 9ence find the time ta&en to fill the cylinder from empty to a height of 755 cm gi+ing your ans,er in
minutes and seconds to the nearest second$
(1)
1a!uar5 .004
T9T'L 39: ;';E:: 2/ M':<(
E=-
Gold "= 74>74 #
>uestio!
=um*er
(cheme Mar7s
10 (a)
4
e d
x
x x

7
st
%pplication=
4
d
4
d
d
e e
d
x x
u
u x x
x
v
v
x




' ;




4
nd
%pplication=
d
7
d
d
e e
d
x x
u
u x
x
v
v
x




' ;





4
e 4 e d
x x
x x x

{ }
4
e e d
x x
x x x


5 >
M7
{ }
4
e 4 e d
x x
x x x

%7 oe
( )
4
e 4 e e d
x x x
x x x

Either { }
4
e e e d
x x x
Ax Bx C x t t t

or for
{ } { }
( )
e d e e d
x x x
K x x K x x t t

M7
{ }
4
e 4( e e )
x x x
x x c +
4
e e e
x x x
Ax Bx C t t t
M7
!orrect ans,er ,ith>,ithout
c +
%7
(/)
(*)
{ }
( ) ( )
7
4
5
4 7 7 7 4 5 5 5
e 4( e e )
7 e 4(7e e ) 5 e 4(5e e )
x x x
x x 1
]

%pplies limits of 7 and 5 to an
expression of the form
4
e e e
x x x
Ax Bx C t t t 5 5 A B and
5 C
and subtracts the correct ,ay
round$
M7
e 4 e 4
cso %7 oe
(.)
?2@
Gold " =74>74 0
Question
Number
Scheme Marks
2.
1
2
0
2
d
(2 1)
x
x
x
+

, with substitution 2
x
u
d
2 .ln2
d
x
u
x

d 1
d 2 .ln2
x
x
u

d
d
2 .ln2
x u
x

or
d
d
.ln2
u
x
u

or ( )
d 1
d
ln2
u
u x


B1
2 2
2 1 1
d d
ln2 (2 1) ( 1)
x
x
x u
u
_


+ +
,

2
1
d
( 1)
k u
u +

where k is constant
M1


1 1
ln2 ( 1)
c
u
_ _
+

+
, ,

2 1
2 1
( 1) ( 1)
( 1) 1.( 1)
u a u
u u


+ +
+ +
M1
A1
chane limits! when x " 0 # x " 1 then u " 1 # u
" 2
1 2
2
1
0
2 1 1
d
ln2 ( 1) (2 1)
x
x
x
u
1

1
+ +
]



1 1 1
ln2 $ 2
1 _ _

1
, , ]
%orrect use o& limits
u " 1 and u " 2
de'M1


1
(ln2

1
(ln2 or
1 1
ln) ln*

or
1 1
2ln2 $n2

A1 ae&
Exact value only! ?6@
Alternati+el, candidate can re+ert back to x -
1 1
2
0
0
2 1 1
d
ln2 (2 1) (2 1)
x
x x
x
1

1
+ +
]


1 1 1
ln2 $ 2
1 _ _

1
, , ]
%orrect use o& limits
x " 0 and x " 1
de'M1


1
(ln2

1
(ln2 or
1 1
ln) ln*

or
1 1
2ln2 $ln2

A1 ae&
Exact value only!
6 marks
Gold "= 74>74 /
0 (a) From .uestion
d
5$584
d
A
t
C7
4
d
4
d
A
A x x
x



' ;

C7
( )
d d d 7 5$57#
5$584 D
d d d 4
x A A
t t x x x


' ;

M7
When
4cm x

d 5$57#
d 4
x
t

9ence
d
5$5541"#"0?$$$
d
x
t
(cm s
<7
) %7 cso (")
(b)
4 8
(1 ) 1 V x x x
C7
4
d
71
d
V
x
x
C7 ft
{ }
4
d d d 5$57#
71 $ D 5$4"
d d d
V V x
x x
t x t x

_


,
M7
When
4cm x

8 7
d
5$4"(4) 5$"/ (cm s )
d
V
t

%7 (")
(4 mar7s)
Gold " =74>74 ?
Gold "= 74>74 75
Gold " =74>74 77
Euestion
Number
(cheme Mar&s
40 (i) ( ) ( )
4 4
ln d 7$ln d
x x
x x

( )
7
4 7
4
4
d
ln
d
d
7
d
x
x
x
u
u
x
v
v x
x




' ;




( ) ( )
7
4 4
ln d ln $ d
x x
x
x x x x

:se of 'integration by
parts* formula in the
correct direction$
M7
!orrect expression$ %7
( )
4
ln 7 d
x
x x


%n attempt to multiply x by
a candidate*s
a
x
or
7
bx
or
7
x
$
dM7
( )
4
ln
x
x x c + !orrect integration ,ith A
c
%7 aef
?4@
(ii)
4
"
4
sin d x x


( )
4 4 7
4
NC= cos 4 7 4sin or sin 7 cos 4 x x x x
1
t t t t
]
!onsideration of double
angle formula for cos 4x
M7

( )
4 4
" "
7 cos 4 7
d 7 cos 4 d
4 4
x
x x x





4
"
7
4
7
sin 4
4
x x

1

]
Fntegrating to gi+e
sin 4 ax b x t t
D
5 a b
dM7
!orrect result of anything
e.ui+alent to
7 7
4 "
sin 4 x x
%7

( )
( )
( )
4
sin
sin( )
7
4 4 4 " 4
7 7
4 4 " 4
( 5) ( )



1

1
]
1
]
(ubstitutes limits of
4

and
"

and subtracts the correct


,ay round$
ddM7
( )
7 7 7
4 " 4 / "

+ +

( )
7 7 7 4
4 " 4 / " / /
or or

+ + +
%7 ae#
cso
!andidate must collect
their

term and constant


term together for %7
?/@
No flu&ed ans,ers hence
cso$
8 mar7s
Question
Number
Scheme Marks
Q5 (a)
? # #
d ? d
x
x x
x x
+ _
+

,

(
(


M1
( ) ? #ln x x C + + A1 (2)
(b) 7
8
7 ? #
d d
x
y x
x
y
+


(
(

Fntegral signs not necessary B1



7
8
? #
d d
x
y y x
x

( )
4
8
4
8
? #ln
y
x x C + + ( )
4
8
their a ky t M1
( )
4
8
8
? #ln
4
y x x C + + ft their ( ) a A1ft

/ y
7 x
C + + 7 n #7 ? /
4
8
8
4
M1
8 C A1
( )
4
8
4
? #ln 8
8
y x x +
( )
8
4
# "ln 4 y x x + ( )
( )
8
/ 8 4ln 7 x x + A1 (6)
[8]
Gold "= 74>74 74
Question
Number
Scheme Marks
60 (a) ( )
4 4
f "cos 8sin

7 7 7 7
" cos 4 8 cos 4
4 4 4 4

_ _
+

, ,
M7 M7

7 0
cos 4
4 4
+ cso %7 ()
(b)
7 7
cos 4 d sin 4 sin 4 d
4 4


M7 %7

7 7
sin 4 cos 4
4 "
+ %7
( )
4
7 0 0
f d sin 4 cos 4
" " /
+ +

M7 %7

4
4
5
0 0
5 5 5
7# / /
$$$

1
1
1
+ + +
1
1 ]
]
]
M7

4
0
7# "

%7 (2)
?10@
Gold " =74>74 78
20 (a)
75 / 4
7" 78 7
" 4 4
AB OB OA
_ _ _





, , ,
uuur uuur uuur
or
4
7
4
BA
_




,
uuur
M7

/ 4
78 7
4 4

_ _

+



, ,
r
or
75 4
7" 7
" 4

_ _

+



, ,
r
accept e.ui+alents M7 %7ft (8)
(b)
75 ? 7
7" ? 1
" # 75
CB OB OC
_ _ _





, , ,
uuur uuur uuur
or
7
1
75
BC

_




,
uuur
( )
( )
( ) ( )
4
4 4
7 1 75 74# 8 7" 77$4 CB + +

a,rt 77$4 M7 %7 (4)
(c) $ cos CB AB CB AB
uuuruuur uuur uuur
( ) ( ) 4 1 45 74# ?cos t + +
M7 %7

8
cos 8#$0
7"

a,rt 8#$0 %7 (8)



(d) sin
74#
d

M7 %7ft
( ) 8 1 #$0 d
a,rt #$0 %7 (8)
(e)
4 4 4
74# "1 /7 BX BC d M7
( )
7 7 40 1
? 8 1 85$4
4 4 4
CBX BX d

! a,rt 85$7 or 85$4 M7 %7 (8)
(14 mar7s)
Gold "= 74>74 7"

l
X
B
C
d
74#


Euestion
Number
(cheme Mar&s
40 (a)
d d
7#55 or 7#55
d d
V V
c h k h
t t
Either of these statements M7
( )
d
"555 "555
d
V
V h
h

d
"555
d
V
h
or
d 7
d "555
h
V
M7
d
d
d
d
d d d
d d d
V
t
V
h
h h V
t V t

Either
d 7#55 7#55
5$"
d "555 "555 "555
h c h c h
k h
t


!on+incing proof of
d
d
h
t
%7 'G
or
d 7#55 7#55
5$"
d "555 "555 "555
h k h k h
k h
t


?@
(b) When 41 h ,ater leaks out such that
d
"55
d
V
t

"55 "55 41 "55 (1) /5 c h c c c
From abo+eD
/5
5$54
"555 "555
c
k as re.uired Proof that 5$54 k C7 'G
?1@
(c)
d d
5$"
d 5$"
h h
k h dt
t k h


Separates the variables ,ith
d
5$"
h
k h

and
dt

on either
side ,ith integral signs not
necessary$
M7 oe
755
5
7 5$54
time re.uired d
5$54 5$" 5$54
h
h


755
5
15
time re.uired d
45
h
h

!orrect proof %7 'G


?.@
Gold " =74>74 71
Euestion
Number
(cheme Mar&s
40 (d)
755
5
15
d
45
h
h

,ith substitution
4
(45 ) h x

d
4(45 )( 7)
d
h
x
x
or
d
4(45 )
d
h
x
x
!orrect
d
d
h
x
C7 aef
4
(45 ) 45 45 h x h x x h
45
d
x
x
x

or
45
d
45 (45 )
x
x
x


,here is a constant
15 15
d $ 4(45 ) d
45
h x x
x h


M7
45
755 d
x
x
x

45
755 7 dx
x
_


,

( ) ( ) 755 45ln x x c +
ln D 5 x x t t
M7
755 4555ln x x %7
change limits= ,hen
5 then 45 h x
and ,hen
755 then 75 h x
[ ]
755
75
45
5
15
d 755 4555ln
45
h x x
h

or ( ) ( )
755
755
5
5
15
d 755 45 4555ln 45
45
h h h
h
1

]

!orrect use of limits ie$


putting
them in the correct ,ay
round
( ) ( ) 7555 4555ln75 4555 4555ln 45
Either 75 x and 45 x
or 755 h and 5 h
ddM7
4555ln 45 4555ln75 7555
!ombining logs to gi+e$$$
4555ln 4 7555
%7 ae#
4555ln 4 7555
or ( )
7
4
4555ln 7555

?6@
(e) )ime re.uired
4555ln 4 7555 8/#$4?"8#77$$$ sec

; 8/# seconds (nearest second)
; # minutes and 4# seconds (nearest second) # minutes 4# seconds C7
?1@
1 mar7s
Gold "= 74>74 7#
Question 1
)his .uestion ,as generally ,ell ans,ered ,ith about 08G of candidates gaining at least 1 of the 0 mar&s
a+ailable and about ""G of candidates gaining all 0 mar&s$ %lmost all candidates attempted this .uestion ,ith
about 78G of them unable to gain any mar&s$
% significant minority of candidates performed integration by parts the ,rong ,ay round in part (a) to gi+e
8 8
7 7
e e d
8 8
x x
x x x

and proceeded by attempting to integrate


8
7
e $
8
x
x (ome candidates failed to realise that
integration by parts ,as re.uired and ,rote do,n ans,ers such as
8
7
e $
8
x
x c + Fe, candidates integrated e
x
to
gi+e
4
7
4
e
x
or applied the product rule of differentiation to gi+e
4
e 4 e $
x x
x x + )he maHority of candidates ho,e+er
,ere able to apply the first stage of integration by parts to gi+e
4
e 4 e d $
x x
x x x

Many candidates realised that


they needed to apply integration by parts for a second time in order to find
4 e d
x
x x

or in some cases
e d
x
x x

$
)hose that failed to realise that a second application of integrating by parts ,as re.uired either integrated to gi+e
the final ans,er as a t,o term expression or Hust remo+ed the integral sign$ % significant number of candidates
did not organise their solution effecti+ely and made a brac&eting error ,hich often led to a sign error leading to
the final incorrect ans,er of
4
e 4 e 4e $
x x x
x x c +
Fn part (b) candidates ,ith an incorrect sign in the final term of their integrated expression often proceeded to
use the limits correctly to obtain an incorrect ans,er of
8e 4$ +
Errors in part (b) included not substituting the
limit of 5 correctly into their integrated expressionD incorrectly dealing ,ith double negati+esD e+aluating
5
4e as
7 or failing to e+aluate
5
e $ Most candidates ,ho scored full mar&s in part (a) achie+ed the correct ans,er of
e 4
in part (b)$
Gold " =74>74 70
Question 3
%t the outset a significant minority of candidates struggled to extract some or all of the information from the .uestion$
)hese candidates ,ere unable to ,rite do,n the rate at ,hich this cross<sectional area ,as increasing
d
d
5$584D
A
t
or the
cross<sectional area of the cylinder
4
A x and its deri+ati+e
d
d
4
A
x
x D or the +olume of the cylinder
8
1 V x and its
deri+ati+e
4
d
d
71 $
V
x
x
Fn part (a) some candidates ,rote do,n the +olume V of the cylinder as their cross<sectional area A$ %nother popular error
at this stage ,as for candidates to find the cur+ed surface area or the total surface area of a cylinder and ,rite do,n either
4
75 A x or
4
74 A x respecti+ely$ %t this stage many of these candidates ,ere able to set up a correct e.uation to
find
d
d
x
t
and usually di+ided 5$584 by their
d
d
A
x
and substituted 4 x into their expression to gain 4 out of the " mar&s
a+ailable$ %nother error fre.uently seen in part (a) ,as for candidates to incorrectly calculate
5$584
"
as 5$5417$ Finally
rounding the ans,er to 8 significant figures pro+ed to be a problem for a surprising number of candidates ,ith a +alue of
5$558 being seen .uite oftenD resulting in loss of the final accuracy mar& in part (a) and this sometimes as a conse.uence led
to an inaccurate final ans,er in part (b)$
Part (b) ,as tac&led more successfully by candidates than part (a) 6 maybe because the chain rule e.uation
d d d
d d d
V V x
t x t
is rather more straight<for,ard to use than the one in part (a)$ (ome candidates struggled by introducing
an extra +ariable r in addition to x and obtained a +olume expression such as
4
(1 )$ V r x Many of these candidates did
not realise that
r x
and ,ere then unable to correctly differentiate their expression for V$ Ither candidates incorrectly
,rote do,n the +olume as
4
4 (1 )$ V x x %nother common error ,as for candidates to state a correct V correctly find
d
d
V
x
then substitute 4 x to arri+e at a final ans,er of approximately 7//$1$
Gold "= 74>74 7/
%bout 75G of candidates ,ere able to produce a fully correct solution to this .uestion$
Question 4
Ft ,as clear to examiners that a significant proportion of candidates found part (i) unfamiliar and thereby struggled to
ans,er this part$ Wea&er candidates confused the integral of ln x ,ith the differential of ln $ x Ft ,as therefore common
for these candidates to ,rite do,n the integral of ln x as
7

x
or the integral of ( )
4
ln
x
as either
4
x
or
"
$
x
% significant
proportion of those candidates ,ho proceeded ,ith the expected by parts strategy differentiated ( )
4
ln
x
incorrectly to gi+e
either
4
x
or
7
4x
and usually lost half the mar&s a+ailable in this part$ (ome candidates decided from the outset to re,rite
( )
4
ln
x
as J ln ln 4J x and proceeded to integrate each term and ,ere usually more successful ,ith integrating ln x than
ln 4$ Ft is pleasing to report that a fe, determined candidates ,ere able to produce correct solutions by using a method of
integration by substitution$ )hey proceeded by either using the substitution as
4
x
u or ( )
4
ln $
x
u
% significant minority of candidates omitted the constant of integration in their ans,er to part (i) and ,ere penalised by
losing the final accuracy mar& in this part$
Fn part (ii) the maHority of candidates realised that they needed to consider the identity
4
cos 4 7 4sin x x and so gained
the first method mar&$ (ome candidates mis.uoted this formula or incorrectly rearranged it$ % maHority of candidates ,ere
then able to integrate ( )
7
4
7 cos 4x substitute the limits correctly and arri+e at the correct exact ans,er$

)here ,ere ho,e+er a fe, candidates ,ho used the method of integration by parts in this part but these candidates ,ere
usually not successful in their attempts$
>uestio! /
Part (a) of this .uestion pro+ed a,&,ard for many$ )he integral can be carried out simply by decomposition
using techni.ues a+ailable in module !7$ Ft ,as not unusual to see integration by parts attempted$ )his method
,ill ,or& if it is &no,n ho, to integrate ln x but this re.uires a further integration by parts and complicates the
.uestion unnecessarily$ Fn part (b) most could separate the +ariables correctly but the integration of 7
8
7
y
again a
!7 topic ,as fre.uently incorrect$
Wea&ness in algebra sometimes caused those ,ho could other,ise complete the .uestion to lose the last mar& as
they could not proceed from
4
8
# "ln 4 y x x + to ( )
8
4
# "ln 4 y x x + $ Fncorrect ans,ers such as
4 8 8
47# #"ln / y x x + ,ere common in other,ise correct solutions$
Gold " =74>74 7?
Question 6
!andidates tended either to get part (a) fully correct or ma&e no progress at all$ If those ,ho ,ere successful
most replaced the
4
cos and
4
sin directly ,ith the appropriate double angle formula$ 9o,e+er many good
ans,ers ,ere seen ,hich ,or&ed successfully +ia
4
0cos 8 or
4
" 0sin $
Part (b) pro+ed demanding and there ,ere candidates ,ho did not understand the notation ( ) f
$ (ome Hust
integrated ( ) f
and others thought that ( ) f
meant that the argument 4 in cos 4 should be replaced by
and integrated
7 0
cos
4 4
+ $ % fe, candidates started by ,riting ( ) ( ) f d f d

treating as a
constant$ %nother error seen se+eral times ,as ( )
4
7 0
f d cos 4 d
4 4

_
+

,

$
Many candidates correctly identified that integration by parts ,as necessary and most of these ,ere able to
demonstrate a complete method of sol+ing the problem$ 9o,e+er there ,ere many errors of detail the correct
manipulation of the negati+e signs that occur in both integrating by parts and in integrating trigonometric
functions pro+ing particularly difficult$ Inly about 71G of candidates completed the .uestion correctly$
Question 7
)his pro+ed the most demanding .uestion on the paper$ Nearly all candidates could ma&e some progress ,ith the
first three parts but although there ,ere many often lengthy attempts success ,ith part (d) and (e) ,as
uncommon$ Part (a) ,as .uite ,ell ans,ered most finding AB or BA and ,riting do,n OAAAB or an
e.ui+alent$ %n e.uation does ho,e+er need an e.uals sign and a subHect and many lost the final % mar& in this
part by omitting the K
r
L from say ( ) / 78 4 4 4 + + + r i 6 7 i 6 7
$ Fn part (b) those ,ho realised that a
magnitude or length ,as re.uired ,ere usually successful$ Fn part (c) nearly all candidates &ne, ho, to
e+aluate a scalar product and obtain an e.uation in cos and so gain the method mar&s but the +ectors chosen
,ere not al,ays the right ones and a fe, candidates ga+e the obtuse angle$ Fe, made any real progress ,ith
parts (d) and (e)$ %s has been stated in pre+ious reports a clear diagram helps a candidate to appraise the
situation and choose a suitable method$ Fn this case gi+en the earlier parts of the .uestion +ector methods
although possible are not really appropriate to these parts ,hich are best sol+ed using elementary trigonometry
and Pythagoras* theorem$ )hose ,ho did attempt +ector methods ,ere often +ery unclear ,hich +ectors ,ere
perpendicular to each other and e+en the minority ,ho ,ere successful often ,asted +aluable time ,hich
sometimes led to poor attempts at .uestion /$ Ft ,as particularly surprising to see .uite a large number of
solutions attempting to find a +ector CX say perpendicular to l ,hich ne+er used the coordinates or the position
+ector of C$
Gold "= 74>74 45
Question 8
)his pro+ed by far the most difficult .uestion on the paper and discriminated ,ell for those candidates ,ho ,ere abo+e the
grade A threshold for this paper$ Inly a fe, candidates ,ere able to score abo+e / or ? mar&s on this .uestion$
Many 'fudged* ans,ers ,ere seen in part (a)$ % more rigorous approach using the chain rule of
d d d
d d d
h h V
t V t
,as
re.uired ,ith candidates being expected to state
d
d
V
t
and
d
d
V
h
(or its reciprocal)$ )he constant of proportionality also
pro+ed to be a difficulty in this and the follo,ing part$
Fe, con+incing proofs ,ere seen in part (b) ,ith a significant number of candidates not understanding ho, to represent
8 <7
"55 cm s algebraically$
Inly a minority of candidates ,ere able to correctly separate the +ariables in part (c)$ Far too often expressions including
d
5$54 d
5$"
h
h t

,ere seen by examiners$ )here ,ere a significant number of candidates ,ho ha+ing ,ritten
d
d
5$"
h
t
k h


could not progress to the gi+en ans,er by multiplying the integral on the left hand side by
15
15
$
Mespite struggling ,ith the pre+ious three parts a maHority of candidates ,ere able to attempt part (d) although only a fe,
candidates ,ere able to produce the correct final exact ans,er$ % maHority of candidates ,ho attempted this part managed
to correctly obtain
d
4 "5
d
h
x
x
and then use this and the gi+en substitution to ,rite do,n an integral in x$ %t this point a
significant number of candidates ,ere unable to manipulate the expression
75 x
k
x
_

,
into an expression of the form
45
7 k
x
_


,
$ )he con+erted limits 75 x and 45 x caused an added problem for those candidates ,ho progressed
further ,ith a significant number of candidates incorrectly applying 75 x as their lo,er limit and 45 x as their upper
limit$
% time of # minutes 4# seconds ,as rarity in part (e)$
(tatistics #or C4 ;ractice ;a&er G4
Mean score for students achieving grade:
Qu
Max
score
Modal
score
Mean
%
!! " # $ % E &
1 . . (/ ).*$ (.*1 (.$1 0.)2 ).11 2..) 1.(2 0..)
2 ( $0 2.0/ $.01 1.(( 0.** 0.)( 0.20 0.0/
' * $( 2.*/ )./0 2.22 1.12 0.0( 0.2. 0.12
( / 00 ).00 (.0$ ).2/ 2.0. 2.10 0.00 0.1*
) * 0) ).2* (.10 $.2. 2.02 1.10 0.)0 0.2/
6 10 )) ).$* /.0) (.20 $.*$ 2.0( 1.0$ 0.)) 0.1.
* 1) )1 0..0 *.2) 0.$( $..$ 2.)( 1.00 0.*/
+ 1$ 2. $.00 0../ 2.0* 1.00 0.(/ 0.$1 0.10
*) (' '2.22 (*.6' 2+.6' 1*.)( 11.2( ).'( 2.6'
Gold " =74>74 47