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Flexible thinking

HIGH PRESSURE PLASTIC PIPE SYSTEMS

Transportable

SOLUFORCE BENEFITS
SOLUfORCE RTP (Reinforced Plastic Pipe) has been manufactured and used extensively since the year 2000. It is estimated that over a thousand kilometers worldwide is currently in operation. The concept of a completely non corrosive pipe system for high pressure hydrocarbon applications came about through the demand from oil companies who proactively participated in the development and qualication of RTP. In 1998 a JIP (Joint Industrial Project) which brought together manufacturers, users (such as Saudi Aramco, Petrobras, Shell, BP) and testing institutes was created. Out of the JIP was developed an API standard (API RP 15S) for RTP in 2006. SOLUfORCE RTP is a complete non metallic piping system. It is qualied for Water, Hydrocarbons and Gas applications. Manufactured by PipELifE in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands, SOLUfORCE RTP is supplied on disposable wooden reels which may be easily transported by either road or ship. SOLUfORCE RTP comes with a complete tting system for its pipes. It provides welding equipment and certied welders for installation wherever the customer requires. SOLUfORCE is a business unit within the PipELifE International group of companies and benets from belonging to one of the worlds largest plastic pipe manufacturers.

SILOAM SPRINGS

Robust
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PIpELIFE International G.m.b.H. is a global player in the manufacture of plastic pipe systems with ofces and production facilities in over 25 countries.

SUMMARY Benets Water Hydrocarbons Connection Systems


HAPARANDA II UTAJRVI KAAVI SURNADAL

Pages 4 - 7 Pages 8-11 Pages 12-17 Pages 18-25

STATHELL LJUNG TALLINN

LSREMMA

ENKHUIZEN
CORK BAD ZWISHENAHN KALMTHOUT GAILLON

GDANSK

ZHUKOV

RADOM OTROKOVICE

VIENNA
CHTEAUROUX

DEBRECEN KARLOVAC MIERCUREA CIUC

ZARAGOZA

ISTAMBUL THIVA

Deployment

SOLUFORCE BENEFITS

Solves corrosion problems

Very fast Installation

Maintenance Free

Design life up to 50 years

SOLUFOrCE RTP deployed (oating) during an offshore installation.

SOLUFORCE BENEFITS

No scaling - No erosion

Re-Usable

400 meters length per coil

Very robust

SOLUFOrCE RTP installed in the desert

SOLUFORCE stAnDArDs, testinG AND QuAlificAtionS


Standards SOLUfORCE complies with the following standards: Oileld service: API RP 15S API 17J Qualication of Spoolable Reinforced Plastic Linepipe Soluforce Light, and Soluforce Classic pipe system Specication for Unbonded Flexible Pipe Soluforce Heavy, pipe body

Gas distribution and transport: ISO TS 18226 Reinforced Thermoplastic Piping Systems for Gaseous Fuels (SOLUfORCE Light and SOLUfORCE Classic, gas transport & distribution) DVGW VP 642 Faserverstrkte PE-Rohre (RTP) und zugehrige Verbinder fr Gasleitungen mit Betreibsdrcken ber 16 Bar (German Standard for gas distribution and transport, SOLUfORCE Light and SOLUfORCE Classic) SOLUfORCE has a proven track record in the oil and gas industry, and has been used since 2000 for different applications, including oil and gas linepipe, water injection pipe, water transportation, and gas distribution and transport. SOLUfORCE maintains the highest quality levels with regard to the design, manufacturing and testing of their products, according to, or exceeding the requirements in international standards. Qualication and Certication The design, testing and qualication of SOLUfORCE is veried according to the applicable standards by ISO accredited independent institutes. For oileld applications: Det Norske Veritas (DNV). For gas distribution and transport: RWTV. Certication by Bureau Veritas for oil applications at 150 bars working pressure. Bureau Veritas certify that Soluforce complies with AP 17J (specication for unbonded exible pipe) 3rd edition for sour applications. QA/QC System SOLUfORCE is developed, manufactured and marketed under ISO9001 QA/QC system, approved by KIWA.

SOLUFORCE DESIGN AND ReliAbilitY


The reliability of SOLUfORCE is guaranteed by extensive laboratory testing and long term eld experience. To assess the long-term strength, SOLUfORCE is pressure tested for a period of 10,000 hours (more than one year), according to internationally accepted standards. One of the most important test criteria is that the tting system should be stronger than the pipe itself. Next to corrosion, third party interference is the major cause of pipeline failure. SOLUfORCE Light and Classic, being completely non-metallic, including the tting system, offer the ultimate in absolute corrosion resistance. The resistance to third party interference, earth quakes and landslides has been veried in the laboratory by falling weight impact testing, axial load and bending testing under supervision of major oil companies. In-eld impact testing with digging machines has shown equal or better performance than steel pipe. SOLUfORCE is eld-proven since 2000, when the rst owlines were installed in the Middle East desert. These pipes have been in service since without any interruption. Meanwhile SOLUfORCE has been installed worldwide onshore and offshore at major oil and gas companies. No failure in service has been reported.

Axial force test

Test preparation

Elevated temperature testing in a hot water bath at 85 C.

Bending test Squeeze test


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SOLUFORCE WATER

HIGH PRESSURE PLASTIC PIPE SYSTEMS FOR WATER

SOLUFORCE WATER

Soluforce LIGHT : L450 - L540 A synthetic bre tape reinforcement for lower pressure applications. - Efuent water - Water supply

Soluforce CLASSIC : M480 - M570 An synthetic bre tape reinforcement for medium pressure applications. - Efuent water - Saline water - Water injection

SOLUfORCE CLassiC and Light are resistant to ALL chemicals involved in water injection, also in extremely sour environments, including: - H2S in any concentration/pressure - (strong) inorganic acids like HCl, H2SO4 - (strong) alkaline materials, including NaOH, KOH, and NH3 solutions - CO2 in any concentration/pressure - Anti-corrosion additives - Mineral salts - Hydrocarbons of any composition

Soluforce HEAVY : H415 - H515 A high strength steel wire reinforcement for high pressure water applications. - High pressure water injection

SOLUFORCE WATER DATA SHEET


Soluforce WATER Data Sheet
Soluforce type Dimensions
Nominal diameter Outside diameter Inside diameter Weight in air Technical Details Liner material Cover material Reinforcement Ratings Pressure Ratings Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB), LCL 20 years (API RP 15S) Design pressure, FAT (API 17J) Short term bursting pressure (STHB) Maximum continuous operating pressure (20 yrs) Operating temperatures Maximum ambient and/or uid temperature Minimum ambient and/or uid temperature Design and Construction Parameters Flow Hazen Williams friction factor (C) Darcy Weisbach surface roughness (e) Design lifetime Surface installed Buried Minimum bending radius In storage In service Test pressure Maximum Hydrotest Pressure Packaging Length per coil Dimensions per coil (l x h x w) Weight per coil 400 x 420 x 115 cm 2200 kg / 4846 Lbs 400 m / 1312 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2720 kg / 5991 Lbs 400 x 420 x 115 cm 2240 kg / 4933 Lbs 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2760 kg / 6079 Lbs 1940 kg / 4273 Lbs 220 m / 721 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2380 kg / 5242 Lbs 49 Bar / 711 psi 40 Bar / 421 psi 123 Bar / 1784 psi 100 Bar / 1450 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi 1.25 m / 41.2 3.00 m / 910.1 20 years 50 years 150 0.0015 mm 65 C / 150 F Above freezing point of uid > 144 Bar / 2088psi 36 Bar / 522 psi > 115 Bar / 1670 psi 29 Bar / 421 psi 45 Bar / 644 psi 36 Bar / 522 psi N/A > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 90 Bar / 1305 psi > 270 Bar / 3915 psi 72 Bar / 1044 psi 111 Bar / 1610 psi 90 Bar / 1305 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 450 Bar / 6525 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi N/A 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi Aramid Fibre HDPE, black, type PE100 HDPE, white, UV stabilised, type PE100 High strength steel wire cord

L450
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

L540
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

M480
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

M570
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

H415
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

H515
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

< 6 kg/m / 4.2 Lb/ft

<10 kg/m / 7 Lb/ft

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SOLUFORCE WATER
Soluforce LIGHT : L450 - L540 With a maximum operating pressure of 36 Bar and 29 Bar for the (4 and 6 pipe resp.), SOLUFORCE LIGHT provides an excellent, exible solution for medium pressure water transport. As it is fully non-metallic it serves any sour application, without restrictions regarding H2S and CO2 content. Soluforce CLASSIC : M480 - M570 Available with a maximum operating pressure of 90 Bar and 72 Bar (4 and 6 resp.), SOLUFORCE CLASSIC serves a very wide range of applications due to its unique combination of properties. Being fully non-metallic it is the ideal solution for even the toughest high pressure application such as sour service, without restrictions regarding H2S and CO2 content.
Temperature uprating factors and maximum pressure rating
Temp [C] 10 20 30 40 50 55 60 65 70 80 *water service Uprating Factor 1,54 1,45 1,34 1,24 1,14 1,1 1,05 1 0,95 0,86 M480 [bar]* 137 129 120 111 102 98 93 90 85 76 M570 [bar]* 109 103 96 89 81 78 75 72 68 61

Soluforce HEAVY : H415 - H515 For very high operating pressures up to 223 Bar (4) and 178 Bar (6) a steel wire reinforced pipe is available. SOLUFORCE HEAVY is specially developed for very high pressure (saline) water injection. It is resistant to (strong) inorganic acids like HCl, H2SO4 and (strong) alkaline materials, including NaOH, KOH, and NH3 solutions. As the pipe is steel cord reinforced the pipe has some limitations for sour H2S applications. The CO2 content in the uid can be very high, up to 7 % in the gas phase.

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SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS

HIGH PRESSURE PLASTIC PIPE SYSTEMS FOR HYDROCARBONS

SOLUFOrCE RTP oil hook up line

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SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS

Soluforce LIGHT : L450 - L540 A synthetic bre tape reinforcement for lower pressure applications.

Soluforce CLASSIC : M480 - M570 A synthetic bre tape reinforcement for medium pressure applications such as oil ow lines and water disposal lines.

Soluforce CLASSIC HPG : M480 HPG - M570 HPG A synthetic bre tape reinforcement with a low gas permeation grade liner for medium pressure gas applications.

Soluforce HEAVY : H415 - H515 A high strength steel wire reinforcement for high pressure oil owlines.

Soluforce HEAVY PA : H415 PA - H515 PA A high strength steel wire reinforcement with polyamide inner lining for high pressure gas applications.

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SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS DAtA sheet SYNTHETIC FIBER REINFORCED RTP - API RP 15S
Soluforce HYDROCARBONS Data Sheet
Soluforce type

L450
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

L540
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

M480
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

M570
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

M480 HPG
100 mm / 4" 125 mm / 5" 100 mm / 4"

M570 HPG
150 mm / 6" 150 mm / 6" 125 mm / 5"

Dimensions Nominal diameter Outside diameter Inside diameter Weight in air Technical Details Liner material Cover material Reinforcement Ratings Pressure Ratings Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB), LCL 20 years (API RP 15S) Short term bursting pressure (STHB) Maximum continuous operating pressure (20 yrs) Operating temperatures Maximum ambient and/or uid temperature Minimum ambient and/or uid temperature Design and Construction Parameters Flow Hazen Williams friction factor (C) Darcy Weisbach surface roughness (e) Bubble Point (according to ASTM F316) Maximum bubble point pressure @ 65C / 150F Design lifetime Surface installed Buried Minimum bending radius In storage In service Test pressure Maximum Hydrotest Pressure Packaging Length per coil Dimensions per coil (l x h x w) Weight per coil 400 x 420 x 115 cm 2200 kg / 4846 Lbs 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2720 kg / 5991 Lbs 400 m / 1312 400 x 420 x 115 cm 2240 kg / 4933 Lbs 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2760 kg / 6079 Lbs 400 x 420 x 115 cm 2240 kg / 4933 Lbs 410 x 420 x 146 cm 2760 kg / 6079 Lbs 49 Bar / 711 psi 40 Bar / 421 psi 123 Bar / 1784 psi 100 Bar / 1450 psi 123 Bar / 1784 psi 100 Bar / 1450 psi 1.25 m / 41.2 3.00 m / 910.1 20 years 50 years 26 Bar / 377 psi 21 Bar / 305 psi 21 Bar / 305 psi 21 Bar / 305 psi 65 Bar / 943 psi 52 Bar / 754 psi 150 0.0015 mm 65 C / 150 F - 40 C / - 40 F 45 Bar / 644 psi > 144 Bar / 2088psi 26 Bar / 377 psi 36 Bar / 522 psi > 115 Bar / 1670 psi 21 Bar / 305 psi 111 Bar / 1610 psi > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 65 Bar / 943 psi 90 Bar / 1305 psi > 270 Bar / 3915 psi 52 Bar / 754 psi 111 Bar / 1610 psi > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 65 Bar / 943 psi 90 Bar/ 1305 psi > 270 Bar / 3915 psi 52 Bar / 754 psi HDPE, black, type PE100 HDPE, white, UV stabilised, type PE100 Aramid Fibre HDPE, low permeation grade

< 6 kg/m / 4.2 Lb/ft

< 10 kg/m / 7 Lb/ft

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SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS DAtA sheet STEEL CORD REINFORCED RTP - API 17J
Soluforce HYDROCARBONS Data Sheet
Soluforce type
Dimensions Nominal diameter Outside diameter Inside diameter Weight in air Technical Details Liner material Cover material Reinforcement Ratings Pressure Ratings Design pressure, FAT (API 17J) Short term bursting pressure (STHB) Maximum continuous operating pressure (20 yrs) Operating temperatures Maximum ambient and/or uid temperature Minimum ambient and/or uid temperature Design and Construction Parameters Flow Hazen Williams friction factor (C) Darcy Weisbach surface roughness (e) Bubble Point (according to ASTM F316) Maximum bubble point pressure @ 65C / 150 F Design lifetime Surface installed Buried Minimum bending radius In storage In service Test pressure Maximum Hydrotest Pressure Packaging Length per coil Dimensions per coil (l x h x w) Weight per coil 1940 kg / 4273 Lbs 220 m / 721 400 x 420 x 146 cm 2380 kg / 5242 Lbs 1940 kg / 4273 Lbs 2380 kg / 5242 Lbs 195 Bar / 2828 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi 1.25 m / 41.2 3.00 m / 910.1 20 years 50 years 21 Bar / 305 psi 21 Bar / 305 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi 150 0.0015 mm 65 C / 150 F - 40 C / - 40 F 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 450 Bar / 6526 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 450 Bar / 6526 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi 195 Bar / 2828 psi > 360 Bar / 5220 psi 150 Bar / 2200 psi HDPE, black, type PE100 API grade Polyamide HDPE, white, UV stabilised, type PE100 High strength steel wire cord composite 100 mm / 4 125 mm / 5 100 mm / 4 150 mm / 6 150 mm / 6 125 mm / 5 100 mm / 4 125 mm / 5 100 mm / 4 <10 kg/m / 7 Lb/ft 150 mm / 6 150 mm / 6 125 mm / 5

H415

H515

H415PA

H515PA

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SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS

Soluforce LIGHT : L450 - L540 With a maximum operating pressure of 26 Bar and 21 Bar (4 and 6 ND pipe resp.), SOLUfORCE LIGHT provides an excellent, exible solution for medium pressure oil transport. For example beam pump ow lines are a typical application for this pipe. As this pipe concept is fully non-metallic it can serve any sour application, without restrictions regarding H2S and CO2 content.

Soluforce CLASSIC : M480 - M570 SOLUfORCE CLASSIC is available with a maximum operating pressure of 65 Bar and 52 Bar (4 and 6 ND resp.). Being fully non-metallic, it is the ideal solution for even the toughest applications such as sour oil service without restrictions regarding H2S and CO2 content. Applications such as beam pump ow lines or ESP (electrical submerged pumps) ow lines are areas where this pipe will prove its benets.

Ductile iron nylon coated end ange connection

Soluforce CLASSIC HPG : M480 HPG - M570 HPG For high pressure applications with a high associated gas content SOLUfORCE CLASSIC HPG was developed. This pipe has a special low gas permeation inner liner. Beam pump or ESP ow lines for oil transport with a high GOR (gas to oil ratio) will benet from the ease of use, even with very high H2S and CO2 contents. It is available with a maximum operating pressure of 65 Bar and 52 Bar (4 and 6 ND resp.) for high GOR applications.

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Lekhwair, Oman sour oil service 7200 m - Pressure 735 psi - Temperature 120 F Installed in August 2000

SOLUFORCE HYDROCARBONS

Soluforce HEAVY : H415 - H515 For very high operating pressures up to 150 Bar a steel cord reinforced pipe is available. It is resistant to (strong) inorganic acids like HCl, H2SO4 and (strong) alkaline materials, including NaOH, KOH, and NH3 solutions. As this pipe is steel wire reinforced the pipe has some limitations for sour H2S applications according to NACE MR0175 / ISO15156. The CO2 content in the uid may be very high.

Soluforce HEAVY PA : H415 PA - H515 PA SOLUfORCE HEavy PA pipe, is qualied by bureau Veritas for hydrocarbon service according to API17J, irrespective of the composition of the hydrocarbon composition, with certain limitations to the concentration of H2S and CO2, The liner materials (HDPE or PA12) are fully compatible with hydrocarbons and gas up to the maximum rated temperatures. SOLUfORCE HEavy PA has a polyamide 12 (PA12) liner with a reduced rate of permeation. As a result, SOLUfORCE HEavy PA may be used up to its full hydrostatic pressure capacity for gas, or for hydrocarbons with high associated gas content. In case of dry gas service, the temperature rating of SOLUfORCE HEavy PA may, under certain conditions, be increased to 85 C (185 F). When there is no humidity present, PA12 is not affected by hydrolysis.

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SOLUFORCE CONNECTION SYSTEMS

HIGH PRESSURE PLASTIC PIPE ASSEMBLY SYSTEMS

End tting parts

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SOLUFORCE CONNECTION SYSTEMS


Summary

COUPLINGS

In-line coupling

pipe to pipe coupling (P2P)

END FITTINGS

Flange

Weld Stub

SOLUFORCE Electro fusion connection system is applicable up to 120 bars - 1740 psi at max. 65C - 150F

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ELECTROFUSION SYSTEM
IN-LINE COUPLINGS

Combination of butt welding and electro fusion

HDPE UV resistant protection sleeve

SOLUfORCE Pipe to Pipe connectorin stainless steel 316L

Electro fusion only

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ELECTROFUSION SYSTEM
END FITTINGS

OPTION 1 : SOLUFORCE end fitting with stainless steel 316L flange 600 #

SOLUfORCE end tting in stainless steel 316L with electro fusion connection to the pipe.

Other flange ratings available on demand

OPTION 2 : SOLUFORCE end fitting WITH nylon coated ductile iron flange 600 # SOLUFORCE end tting with nylon coated ductile iron

Nylon insert ensures no uid to metal contact

OPTION 3 : SOLUFORCE END FITTING WITH WELD STUB SOLUFORCE end tting with Stainless steel 316L weld stub (other materials
can be supplied on demand)

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ELECTROFUSION MACHINE

Leak tight connection by butt fusion welding of liner pipe. Electrofusion welding of the coupling gives strength Completely non-metallic pipeline Totally corrosion free Eletrofusion welding of the end tting Base for - End ange - Weld stub - P2P system

Coupling

End tting

Full installation team in a working site

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ELECTROFUSION MACHINE COMPONENTS AND TOOLS

Electrofusion control box

Heater plate

CNC control unit

Trimmer

A completely computer controlled process Power required to run the machine 20 KVA

SOLUFORCE tools
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SWAGED FITTING SYSTEM

SOLUFORCE swaged tting in stainless steel.

SOLUFORCE swaging machine.

SOLUFORCE swaging machine on site.

SOLUFORCE can rent out swaging machines and provide swaging services upon request.

Stainless steel insert RTP pipe Sandwiched between the swaged ting walls Stainless steel exterior ting

Metal and pipe sandwich after the swaging process. The assembly consists in compressing the external ring against the expansion of the internal insert. End Fitting ASTM Flange Stub end Mid-Line connection Grayloc Slim line Stub end

SOLUFORCE swaging system for SOLUFORCE Heavy RTP pipe system


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SWAGED FITTING SYSTEM

OPTION 1 : SOLUFORCE SWAGE fitting with GRAYLOC CONNECTOR 316L

Easy connection system. Light weight. Hooks up with Grayloc hub ange.

OPTION 2 : SOLUFORCE SWAGE FITTING WITH SLIMLINE CONNECTOR IN 316l Easy axial load Heavy duty Hooks up with Slimline hub ange.

OPTION 3 : SOLUFORCE SWAGE FITTING WITH WELD STUB END IN 316l

Connection by steel welding. Hooks up with any type of weld stub ange.

Other alloys can be supplied on demand.

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APPLICATIONS

SOLUFORCE lines hooked up to existing infra structure.

Dual lines connect by Pipe to Pipe ttings.

Installation in tropical rain forest.

Flange to ange connection.

Uncoiling of SOLUFORCE pipe along mountain road.

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Handling of SOLUFORCE installation equipment in the eld.

PIPE TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS

Easy storage and manipulation

Transport by sea

Driving out to work site on the deployment trailer.

Road transport

Uncoiling
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SOLUFORCE OFFSHORE

HIGH PRESSURE PLASTIC PIPE SYSTEMS OFFSHORE

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Special over-size drums for offshore can be supplied on demand

SOLUFORCE OFFSHORE
When installed empty, the maximum external pressure on SOLUfORCE, depending on diameter, is about 0.3 MPa, which limits the water depth to approximately 30 meters. However, when the SOLUfORCE RTP system is kept pressurized or water lled during installation and operation there is no theoretical limit to the water depth. For oil and water pipes, the maximum water depth is therefore much more than 30 meters, and limited in practice by the maximum allowable tensile load during installation. For gas pipe, the maximum water depth is determined by the hydrostatic collapse resistance. Soluforce CLASSIC M480 M570 Standard
(mm) (kg/m) (kg/m) (kg/m) (barg) (barg) (barg) (barg) (C) (mm) 100 (4) 4,6 -8,1 -0,3 90 64 64 123 65 0,0015 150 150 (6) 5,9 -12,4 -0,4 72 51 51 100 65 0,0015 150 DNV API RP 15S API RP 15S DNV

Soluforce type
Dimensions
Nominal diameter Weight, empty in air Weight, empty submerged Weight, waterlled, submerged Maximum pressure, water service Maximum pressure, hydrocarbon service Maximum pressure, gas service
1

Soluforce HEAVY H415 H415 Standard


100 (4) 7,0 -5,6 2,2 150 150 150 195 65 0,0015 150 125 (5) 9,0 -8,9 3,1 150 150 150 195 65 0,0015 150 DNV API 17J API 17J DNV

Maximum hydrotest pressure


2

Maximum service temprature Internal surface roughness (Darcy Weisbach) Hazen Williams friction factor
1 2

Special grade HDPE linerpipe Max 24 hours, test medium: water. For SOLUFOrCE Heavy see API 17J, Chapter 9.

For more information contact us directly at info@soluforce.com or visit our website www.soluforce.com to download our brochure and submit your questions. Project references can be supplied upon demand. A design guideline for offshore installation can be obtained from Soluforce. Conforms to API RP 15S or API 17J for spoolable composite pipe systems. Soluforce RTP is DNV certied.

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SOLUFORCE OFFSHORE
SOLUfORCE is suitable and economical for multiple offshore applications such as water injection lines, oil owlines, and static risers up to 6 inch diameter. SOLUfORCE may also be recoiled and re-used for well intervention risers and test lines. The advantage of SOLUfORCE Classic over (stainless) steel pipe and other exible pipe systems is its complete corrosion resistance even in heavily sour service. SOLUfORCE Heavy can be used for sour service up to 0.3 Bars (4.5 psi) partial H2S pressure. SOLUfORCE has a completely smooth bore, as opposed to most other offshore exible pipe solutions. This ensures a much lower ow resistance and improved ow capacity. Designed originally for onshore operations SOLUfORCE has limited external pressure resistance. However installed water lled and operated water or oil lled SOLUfORCE may be used even in deep water. As a temporary test line, SOLUfORCE has been used at 900 meters (3000 ft) water depth. Empty, or oil- or gas lled, the differential external pressure should be no more than 0.3 MPa (equivalent to 30 meters / 100 ft water depth). If the water depth is more than 30 meters (100 ft), used for gas service, or oil service with high GOR (Gas to Oil Ratio), a subsea SOLUfORCE pipeline must be protected by some means to ensure that a positive differential pressure is maintained at all times. This could be, for instance, a safety shut off system. In such case, as long as the pipe is installed water lled, there is no theoretical limit to the water depth. Being lightweight, SOLUfORCE must be tted with external weight to ensure sufcient onbottom stability. This may either be strap-on concrete blocks at regular intervals or a piggybacked heavy steel wire cable. Sometimes, concrete weight mattresses are used. In deeper water, a parallel steel wire cable is required to ensure sufcient axial strength during installation.

SOLUfORCE Heavy PA, with a PA12 liner has been specically designed for subsea gas pipelines,
and is approved by Bureau Veritas for such service according to API 17J. As installation and operating conditions of exible offshore pipelines vary widely, the over-all suitability, installation method, and economy of SOLUfORCE must be evaluated in detail for each individual project. Soluforce is happy to advise the offshore engineering ofce of your choice on this subject.

SOLUFOrCE Classic RTP during installation with concrete block attachment for sinking to bottom of sea.

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SOLUFORCE OFFSHORE

Disclaimer: All products purchased from or supplied by PipELiFE are subjected to terms and conditions set out in the contract, order acknowledgement and/or bill of lading. PipELiFE warrants only that its product will meet those speci cations designated in such contracts, order acknowledgements, and/or bills of loading. All other information including that herein, supplied by PipELiFE, is considered accurate but is furnished upon the express conditions that the customer shall make his own assessment to determine the products suitability for a particular purpose. PipELiFE makes no other warranty either express or implied, regarding such other information, the data upon which the same is based, or the results to be obtained from the use thereof; that any products shall be merchantable or t for any particular purpose; or that the use of such other information or product will not infringe any patent.

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SOLUFORCE FLEXIBLE THINKING www.soluforce.com

Pipelife Nederland B.V. Flevolaan 7 1601 MA ENKHUIZEN Netherlands Tel.: +31(0) 228 355 555 Fax: +31(0) 228 355 520 info@soluforce.com

November, 2011 / Copyright: PIpELIFE NEDERLAnD BV

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