Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

Tin Mac

Bright Acid Tin Plating Process


Product Code: 117801

DESCRIPTION:

Tin MAC Bright Acid Tin Plating Process is suitable for both rack and barrel applications. A principle feature of this tin deposit is its excellent uniform solderability characteristics either as plated or after prolonged aging. The deposit is easily soldered using mild fluxes. The Tin MAC process provides excellent cosmetic appeal. It is very resistant to tarnish and fingerprint stains.

SOLUTION MAKE-UP: Rack 100 % Tin 1 Liter Stannous sulfate* Sulfuric Acid, C.P. Sp. Gr. 1.84 Tin MAC Starter DI Water to make 30 g 105 mL 15 mL 1 liter 1 Gal 4 oz 13.5 fl oz 1.9 fl oz 1 gal 100 Gal 25 lb 10.5 gal 1.5 gal 100 gal 1 Liter 15 g 120 mL 15 mL 1 liter Barrel 1 Gal 2 oz 15 fl oz 1.9 fl oz 1 gal 100 Gal 12.5 lbs 12 gal 1.5 gal 100 gal

*For make-up with Stannous Sulfate Salts, 1.5% by volume Additive SRO (17826) is recommended.

MACDERMID INCORPORATED 245 FREIGHT ST. WATERBURY, CT USA 06702-9984 TEL +1 203.575.5700 www.macdermid.com/electronics Revision: May 20, 2013

Tin Mac

117801

Page 2

MAKE-UP PROCEDURE: Before making up a Tin MAC solution in a new plating tank, or a tank not previously used for Tin MAC, leach the tank for 24 hours minimum with a 3% sulfuric acid and 0.1% volume Tin MAC starter. After leaching, drain the solution and rinse the tank thoroughly with water. Note: Do not use molded polyethylene or polypropylene tanks. Residual mold release causes irreparable contamination. 1 2 To a tank filled about half full of deionized* water (to avoid chloride contamination), add the tin salts and dissolve as completely as possible by stirring. When most of the tin salts have been dissolved, carefully add, while stirring, C.P. Grade sulfuric acid. Some high purity technical grades of sulfuric acid may be satisfactory. Bath temperature will be about 43C (110F). Allow bath temperature to drop to 32C (90F) or less before adding Tin MAC starter. Add required amount of Tin MAC starter. Add deionized water to bring solution up to operating volume and start filter. Cool bath to 18C (65F). Bath is now ready to operate.

4 5

*Tap water having less than 600 ppm chloride may be used Tin Metal SOLUTION COMPOSITION: Tin Metal: Rack: 10-15 g/L (1.3-2.0 oz/gal) Barrel: 6-10 g/L (0.8-1.3 oz/gal) Sulfuric Acid: Rack: 85-110 mL/L (11-14 fl oz/gal) Barrel: 105-125 mL/L (13-16 fl oz/gal) Temperature: Optimum: 16-18C (60-65F) Range: 13-24C (55-75F) Lower temperatures produce bright deposits in low current density areas, but restrict the plating range. Higher temperatures increase the plating range. High temperature operation requires more brightener usage. Cathode Current Density: Rack: 0.2-2.5 amp/dm2 (2.0-25 amp/ft2) Barrel: 0.2-1.5 amp dm2 (2.0-15 amp/ft2), Calculated on the basis of the total area of the load. Anode Current Density: Not greater than 1.5 amp/dm2 (15 amp/ft2). High anode current density causes formation of insoluble stannic tin compounds. Voltage: 0.5 to 4 volts recommended. Agitation: Gentle cathode rod agitation is required for rack work. Stroke length of 0.3 to 1.3 meters (1 to 4 feet) per minute, as needed. DO NOT USE AIR AGITATION (SOLUTION FOAMS).

MACDERMID INCORPORATED 245 FREIGHT ST. WATERBURY, CT USA 06702-9984 TEL +1 203.575.5700 www.macdermid.com/electronics Revision: May 20, 2013

Tin Mac OPERATING CONDITIONS: Temperature: Anode Cathode Ratio: Cathode Current Density: Cathode Agitation: Anodes:

117801

Page 3

15-35C (59-95F) Recommended 2:1 2-200 amp/sq ft (0.2 - 20 amp/sq dm) Vigorous solution and/or cathode movement High purity (99.99%) tin lead slugs in titanium or 316 stainless steel baskets, slab anodes

Note: Limiting current densities are dependent upon solution/cathode movement. The specified figure is typical for commonly encountered strip line. SOLUTION CONTROL & REPLENISHMENT: Under normal operating conditions, the tin metal content of the bath will remain in the operating range of 6-15 g/L (0.8-2.0 oz/gal). Due to dragout, it may be necessary to increase the tin metal content by adding stannous sulfate. If the metal content of the bath increases slowly during barrel plating, it is suggested to use either mesh screen barrel or if feasible, large barrel holes in order to allow better solution flow into the barrel. Do not overload the barrel with parts to be plated. Alternatively, raising the concentration of Sulfuric acid may stabilize tin metal concentration. Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric acid is used to increase the throwing power and the conductivity of the bath. Analyze to determine the sulfuric acid content and make additions to maintain in the range of 85-125 ml/L (11-16 fl oz/gal). Additive SRO Additive SRO is added to minimize Stannic Tin formation in the solution. Additive SRO is consumed by dragout. For every 1 liter of Sulfuric Acid added back, also add 100 mL Additive SRO. Tin MAC Starter/Tin MAC Replenisher Additives Only Tin MAC Starter is required for the bath make-up. After the bath has been operating, further additions of starter and replenisher are best determined by Hull cell analysis. Tin MAC Starter is added at the rate of 26.6 mL (0.9 fl oz) per 100 ampere hours of operation. Tin MAC Replenisher is added at the rate of 74 mL (2.5 fl oz) per 100 ampere hours of operation. The rate may vary depending on degree of brightness desired, the bath temperature, type of parts plated, and whether rack or barrel application.

MACDERMID INCORPORATED 245 FREIGHT ST. WATERBURY, CT USA 06702-9984 TEL +1 203.575.5700 www.macdermid.com/electronics Revision: May 20, 2013

Tin Mac EQUIPMENT: Tank

117801

Page 4

PVC, polyethylene, polypropylene, rubber or Koroseal lined. Filter All filter parts in the solution must be non-metallic. Do not use cellulose or paper in any form as a filtering media. A 10 micron Dynel filter is recommended. Turnover rate of two times an hour is recommended. Agitation Cathode rod agitator for rack work, 1-4 linear feet (0.3-1.3 meters) per minute recommended. Rectifier Six volt rectifier with variable control, 5% maximum ripple Anodes 99.99% pure tin slab. Titanium baskets should not be used. Anodes should be bagged in Dynel or polypropylene anode bags. Anode Hooks Monel or Titanium - Screw type. Keep hooks out of the solution; plastic coated hooks preferred. Bus Bars Plastic coated copper, notched for anode hooks. Cooling or Heating Coils Teflon or Teflon-coated copper, external heat exchanger or cooling equipment of glass or graphite. SOLUTION ANALYSIS: The tin metal and sulfuric acid content of the bath should be checked by standard analytical procedures and additions made regularly to maintain the constituents within the recommended range. Consult your MacDermid representative for analytical procedures. Hull cell evaluation is at 1 ampere for 6 minutes without agitation. Plating solution in the cell should be the same temperature as in the plating tank. Sample of Tin MAC Starter and Replenisher, that are kept on a laboratory bench for use with Hull cell evaluations, should be stored in brown glass or opaque polyethylene bottles.

MACDERMID INCORPORATED 245 FREIGHT ST. WATERBURY, CT USA 06702-9984 TEL +1 203.575.5700 www.macdermid.com/electronics Revision: May 20, 2013

Tin Mac

117801

Page 5

SAFETY & WARNING: MacDermid Inc. recommends that the company/operator read and review the MacDermid Material Safety Data Sheets for the appropriate health and safety warnings before use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available from MacDermid, Inc. WASTE TREATMENT: Prior to using any recommendations or suggestions by MacDermid Inc. for waste treatment, the user is required to know the appropriate local/state/federal regulations for on-site or off-site treatment which may require permits. If there is any conflict regarding our recommendations, local/state/federal regulations take precedent. ORDER INFORMATION:
U

Product Name
U

Product Code
U U

Container
U U

Tin Mac Starter Tin Mac Replenisher Additive SRO

117801 117802 117826

5 & 55 gal 5 & 55 gal 5 gal

Also read carefully warning and safety information on the Material Safety Data Sheet. This data sheet contains technical information required for safe and economical operation of this product. READ IT THOROUGHLY PRIOR TO PRODUCT USE. Emergency directory assistance Chemtrec 1 - 800 - 424 - 9300. DISCLAIMER: All statements, technical information and recommendations contained herein are based on tests we believe to be reliable, but the accuracy or completeness thereof is not guaranteed. No statement or recommendation shall constitute a representation unless set forth in an agreement signed by officers of seller and manufacturer. NO WARRANTY OR MERCHANTABILITY OR WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS MADE. The following warranty is made in lieu of such warranties and all other warranties, express, implied, or statutory. Products are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship at the time sold. The sole obligation of seller and manufacturer under this warranty shall be to replace any product defective at the time sold. Under no circumstances shall manufacturer or seller be liable for any loss, damage or expense, direct or consequential, arising out of the inability to use the product. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if products are supplied in response to a customer request that specifies operating parameters beyond those stated above, or if products are used under conditions exceeding said parameters, the customer by acceptance or use thereof assumes all risk of product failure and of all direct, indirect and consequential damages that may result from use of the products under conditions, and agrees to exonerate, indemnify and hold harmless MacDermid Incorporated therefrom. No suggestion for product use nor anything contained herein shall be construed as a recommendation to use any product in infringement of any patent rights, and seller and manufacturer assume no responsibility or liability for any such infringement