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USE OF THIS SPREADSHEET - ALL.

INTERNAL PRESSURE OF PIPING & PIPELINES


DATA
Standard Values - Commercial pipe data from tables
User Input Values - Taken & inserted by the User from the tables of Codes, GPSA book or specified by self

Calculated Value
Notes / Instructions for the user:
1
This Spreadsheet enables quick reference and calulations for maximum allowable pressure
for a user identified service for in plant process piping, liquid and gas pipelines. This is also
useful for operations persons doing modifications on the pipelines and piping as well as for
preliminery design checks. This is not meant to replace a systematic design performed
with full referencing to the precise applicable clauses/sub-clauses of the relavant codes
and standards.
2 The spreadsheet enables to find the allowable internal pressure in process plant piping as
per ASME B31.3. Also on the same spreadsheet a provision has been made to check its
pressure compatibility of the pipeline portion with either ASME B31.4 (Liquid Hydrocarbon
pipelines) or ASME B31.8 (Gas pipelines).
For example, assume that a pump discharge piping located inside the plant -A is routed to
another plant - B, several miles away. So the integrity of the entire system is divided into
piping in the plant - A (built as per B31.3), the pipeline between the two plants (built as per
B31.4 for liquids or B31.8 for gas pipelines as the case may be) and the piping in the plant B (built as per B31.3), can be checked simultaneously using this spreadsheet.

3
3. Please note that the calculations in table are done using some values. A user can use
each row for the sizes and input data of his requirement by inserting the values in black
cells. Blue font cells contain standard commercial pipe data already incorporated in the
spreadsheet. Calculated results are in Green font cells. User should know nominal pipe size,
schedule no., material, material grade, method of pipe production (ERW, Seamleass etc.),
design temperature, location for gas lines, and corrosion allowance to be given.
4
Type A construction also applicable to "Liquid Petroleum Transportation Piping Code." ANSI
B31.4-1979. Users may refer to the latest versions of the ASME Standards and GPSA book
for correctness. Some of the tables are from older versions.
5
Please note that the Table nos. mentioned the worksheets Table 1,2,3 & 4, FIG. 17-23, 24,
25, 26, 27 & 28 (The letters T, F, Y, E are added on each sheet name along with Table or Fig
no. so that you can quickly select the appropriate reference worksheet) refer to the table
nos. in GPSA book / Applicable Standard from where they are produced.
6
Pipelines sizes can be 2" and 3" also. But the spreadsheet is developed from 4" onwards.
7 For any interpretation clarifications of Stress Values, notes and material related factors or
data, always refer to the Engineers who are well versed with codes interpretation or
assigned with material department.

References for Spreadsheet Development:


1. GPSA Engg. Handbook, 11h Ed, 1998
2. ASME B31.3 2008, ASME B31.4 2012& ASME B31.8 2010
3. Properties of Commercial Pipe, pipingdesigners.com
GPSA - Gas Processors & Suppliers Association
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Font Color
Standard Values
Blue
User Input Values
Black
Calculated Value
Green

Allowable Internal Pressure Calculation Equation


ASME B31.3 2008
ASME B31.4 2012
Liquid Pipelines
In-Plant Piping
Pi =2*t*S,pipe*E*W/(Do-2*t*Y) Pi =2*t*S,pipeline*E(0.72)/Do
t,S,E,Do,Y,W
t,S,E,Do,E
6 values
5 values
Liquid Pipelines are designed for
temperatures below 250 F.
The Weld Joint Strength
Reduction Factor 'W' below 800 F
is 1.00. The values are in
worksheet named " Table 5 W".

t = t,nominal - Mill Tollerance


Allowance - Corrosion Allowance

t = t,nominal - Corrosion
Allowance

For 31.4 and 31.8 code pipelines, do not consider mill tolerances. The nominal thk is used in the ca
see below.
403.2.2 Wall Thickness and Defect Tolerances. Wall thickness tolerances and defect tolerances for
specified in applicable pipe specifications or dimensional standards included in this Code by referen
Mandatory Appendix I. Design factors in this Code were established with due consideration for und
tolerance and maximum allowable depth of imperfections allowed by the referenced standards; no
allowance is necessary
However, for 31.3 piping, mill tolerances are to be subtracted.

Calculation Equation
ASME B31.8 2010
Gas Pipelines
Pi =2*t*S,pipeline*E*F*T)/Do
t,S,E,Do,E,F,T
7 values

t = t,nominal - Corrosion Allowance

es. The nominal thk is used in the calculation. Pls.

tolerances and defect tolerances for pipe shall be as


ards included in this Code by reference in
shed with due consideration for underthickness
wed by the referenced standards; no additional

Color code of Values in the Table

Reference Data Tables


Pipe thickness, t

Standard Values
User Input Values
Calculated Value

Flange ratings : Refer Fig 17.28

User is cautioned to use only the


black font cells

Dn
Nominal
Dia, in

Do
Outside
Dia, in

Sch No

Weight

0.84

40
80
160

(0.840)

1.05

...
...

(1.050)

1.305

40
80
160

Std

...

XXS

...

...

40
80

1.9
(1.900)

...

...
Std

1 (1.305)

XS

XS

160

...

...

XXS

...

...

...

...

40

Std

80

XS

160

...

...

XXS

USER INPUT

Calculated Pipe thickness Value for pres

Fig 17.28 to check Pressure & Temp

All. Stress, S,pipe

WorkSheet Fig 17.25

Sp.Min.Yield Strength, S,pipeline

WorkSheet Fig 17.25

Temp Derating Factor, T

Work Sheet Table 1 for Gas pipelines

Longtudanal Weld Factor, E

Work Sheet Table 4 for all

Location Class/Type, F

Work Sheet Table 2 for Gas pipelines

Values of Co-Efft. Y

Work Sheet Table 3 for Piping

Wall Thk, in

Di
Inside
Dia, in

0.065
0.083
0.109
0.147
0.187
0.294
0.065
0.083
0.113
0.154
0.218
0.308
0.065
0.109
0.133
0.179
0.250
0.358
0.065
0.109
0.145
0.200
0.281
0.400

0.710
0.674
0.622
0.546
0.466
0.252
0.920
0.884
0.824
0.742
0.614
0.434
1.175
1.087
1.039
0.947
0.805
0.589
1.770
1.682
1.610
1.500
1.338
1.100

2.375
2 (2.375)

3.5
3 (3.500)

4.5

4 (4.500)

6.625
6 (6.625)

...

...

...

...

40

Std

80

XS

160

...

...

XXS

...

...

...

...

40

Std

80

XS

160

...

...

XXS

...

...

...

...

40
80
120

Std
XS

160

...

...

XXS

40
80
120
160

Std
XS

XXS
8.625

8 (8.625)

20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140

Std
XS

XXS
10.75

10 (10.750)

12.75

160
20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
20
30

Std
XS

Std

12 (12.750)

0.065
0.109
0.154
0.218
0.343
0.436
0.083
0.120
0.216
0.300
0.437
0.600
0.083
0.120
0.237
0.337
0.437
0.531
0.674

0.280
0.432
0.562
0.718
0.864
0.250
0.277
0.322
0.406
0.500
0.593
0.718
0.812
0.875
0.906
0.250
0.307
0.365
0.500
0.593
0.718
0.843
1.000
1.125
0.250
0.330
0.375

2.245
2.157
2.067
1.939
1.689
1.503
3.334
3.260
3.068
2.900
2.626
2.300
4.334
4.260
4.026
3.826
3.626
3.438
3.152
6.065
5.761
5.501
5.189
4.897
8.125
8.071
7.981
7.813
7.625
7.439
7.189
7.001
6.875
6.813
10.250
10.136
10.020
9.750
9.564
9.314
9.064
8.750
8.500
12.250
12.090
12.000

40
60
12 (12.750)

14

XS

14

80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
40

Std
XS

16

18

16

18

60
60
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20

Std
XS

Std
30
XS

20

20

40
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30

Std
XS

0.406
0.500
0.562
0.687
0.843
1.000
1.125
1.312
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.437
0.500
0.562
0.593
0.625
0.750
0.937
1.093
1.250
1.406
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.656
0.843
1.031
1.218
1.437
1.593
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.437
0.500
0.562
0.750
0.937
1.156
1.375
1.562
1.781
0.250
0.375
0.437

11.938
11.750
11.626
11.376
11.064
10.750
10.500
10.126
13.500
13.376
13.250
13.126
13.000
12.876
12.814
12.750
12.500
12.126
11.814
11.500
11.188
15.500
15.376
15.250
15.000
14.688
14.314
13.938
13.564
13.126
12.814
17.500
17.376
17.250
17.126
17.000
16.876
16.500
16.126
15.688
15.250
14.876
14.438
19.500
19.250
19.126

22

22

24

24

26

26

40
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
10
20

28

28

Std
XS

Std
XS

10
Std
20
30
Xs

30

30

10
Std
20
30
40

XS

0.593
0.812
1.031
1.281
1.500
1.750
1.968
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
1.125
1.375
1.625
1.875
2.125
0.250
0.375
0.562
0.687
0.968
1.218
1.531
1.812
2.062
2.343
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875

18.814
18.376
17.938
17.438
17.000
16.500
16.064
21.500
21.250
21.000
20.750
19.750
19.250
18.750
18.250
17.750
23.500
23.250
22.876
22.626
22.064
21.564
20.938
20.376
19.876
19.314
25.500
25.250
25.000
24.250
24.000
23.750
27.376
27.250
27.000
26.750
26.500
26.250
26.000
25.750
29.376
29.250
29.000
28.750
28.500
28.250

32

32

10
20
30
40

34

34

10
20
30
40

36

36

Std
XS

10
20
30
40

42

Std
XS

42
20
30
40

Std
XS

Std
XS

1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.500

28.000
27.750
31.376
31.250
31.000
30.750
30.624
30.500
30.250
30.000
29.750
33.376
33.250
33.000
32.750
32.624
32.500
32.250
32.000
31.750
35.376
35.250
35.000
34.750
34.624
34.500
34.250
34.000
33.750
41.250
41.000
40.750
40.624
40.500
40.250
40.000
39.750
39.000

USER INPUT
Calculated Pipe thickness Value for pressure design after applying factors, t calculation of pipes is different from pipelines
Fig 17.28 to check Pressure & Temp compatibility
WorkSheet Fig 17.25
WorkSheet Fig 17.25
Work Sheet Table 1 for Gas pipelines
Work Sheet Table 4 for all
Work Sheet Table 2 for Gas pipelines
Work Sheet Table 3 for Piping

t-min
t-nominal
mill tolerance
Thickness, in
in
Wall Thk

t,nom x 0.875

USER INPUT
Corrosion Allowance
mm
inches
1.5
0.059
3
0.118
6
0.236

0.057
0.073
0.095
0.129
0.164
0.257
0.057
0.073
0.099
0.135
0.191
0.270
0.057
0.095
0.116
0.157
0.219
0.313
0.057
0.095
0.127
0.175
0.246
0.350

Weld Joint Strength Reduction Facto

Worksheet Table 5 Note: For temp<800 F

3.175

0.125

CA
Corrosion
Allowance
in

t, pressure
Design
Piping
in

t, pressure
Design
Pipeline
in

S,pipe
Allowable
Stress

E
Longitudanal
Weld Factor

User Input

t,min - CA

t,nom -C.A.

psi

0 to 1.0

Refer Table
A1 of ASME
31.3
or FIG 17-25
worksheet

Refer Table A-1B


of 31.3 or Table
403.2.1-1 for
B31.4 or Table
841.1.7-1 for
31.8 or Table 4
worksheet

User Specified
Value

0.065
0.083
0.109
0.147
0.187
0.294
0.065
0.083
0.113
0.154
0.218
0.308
0.065
0.109
0.133
0.179
0.250
0.358
0.065
0.109
0.145
0.200
0.281
0.400

USER INPUT

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.059
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.000
0.000

Please note the 't' calculated


for piping (column L) and
pipelines (Column M) is
different

0.057
0.073
0.095
0.129
0.105
0.198
0.057
0.073
0.099
0.076
0.191
0.270
0.057
0.095
0.116
0.098
0.219
0.313
0.057
0.095
0.127
0.116
0.246
0.350

0.065
0.083
0.109
0.147
0.128

0.235
0.065
0.083
0.113
0.095
0.218
0.308
0.065
0.109
0.133
0.120
0.250
0.358
0.065
0.109
0.145
0.141
0.281
0.400

20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.065
0.109
0.154
0.218
0.343
0.436
0.083
0.120
0.216
0.300
0.437
0.600
0.083
0.120
0.237
0.337
0.437
0.531
0.674
0.280
0.432
0.562
0.718
0.864
0.250
0.277
0.322
0.406
0.500
0.593
0.718
0.812
0.875
0.906
0.250
0.307
0.365
0.500
0.593
0.718
0.843
1.000
1.125
0.250
0.330
0.375

0.057
0.095
0.135
0.191
0.300
0.382
0.073
0.105
0.189
0.263
0.382
0.525
0.073
0.105
0.207
0.295
0.382
0.465
0.590
0.245
0.378
0.492
0.628
0.756
0.219
0.242
0.282
0.355
0.438
0.519
0.628
0.711
0.766
0.793
0.219
0.269
0.319
0.438
0.519
0.628
0.738
0.875
0.984
0.219
0.289
0.328

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.000
0.000
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.050
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118

0.057
0.095
0.135
0.132
0.300
0.382
0.014
0.046
0.130
0.204
0.323
0.466
0.014
0.046
0.148
0.236
0.323
0.406
0.531
0.195
0.260
0.374
0.510
0.638
0.101
0.124
0.164
0.237
0.320
0.401
0.510
0.593
0.648
0.675
0.101
0.151
0.201
0.320
0.401
0.510
0.620
0.757
0.866
0.101
0.171
0.210

0.065
0.109
0.154
0.159
0.343
0.436
0.024
0.061
0.157
0.241
0.378
0.541
0.024
0.061
0.178
0.278
0.378
0.472
0.615
0.230
0.314
0.444
0.600
0.746
0.132
0.159
0.204
0.288
0.382
0.475
0.600
0.694
0.757
0.788
0.132
0.189
0.247
0.382
0.475
0.600
0.725
0.882
1.007
0.132
0.212
0.257

20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.406
0.500
0.562
0.687
0.843
1.000
1.125
1.312
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.437
0.500
0.562
0.593
0.625
0.750
0.937
1.093
1.250
1.406
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.656
0.843
1.031
1.218
1.437
1.593
0.250
0.312
0.375
0.437
0.500
0.562
0.750
0.937
1.156
1.375
1.562
1.781
0.250
0.375
0.437

0.355
0.438
0.492
0.601
0.738
0.875
0.984
1.148
0.219
0.273
0.328
0.382
0.438
0.492
0.519
0.547
0.656
0.820
0.956
1.094
1.230
0.219
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.574
0.738
0.902
1.066
1.257
1.394
0.219
0.273
0.328
0.382
0.438
0.492
0.656
0.820
1.012
1.203
1.367
1.558
0.219
0.328
0.382

0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118

0.237
0.320
0.374
0.483
0.620
0.757
0.866
1.030
0.101
0.155
0.210
0.264
0.320
0.374
0.401
0.429
0.538
0.702
0.838
0.976
1.112
0.101
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.456
0.620
0.784
0.948
1.139
1.276
0.101
0.155
0.210
0.264
0.320
0.374
0.538
0.702
0.894
1.085
1.249
1.440
0.101
0.210
0.264

0.288
0.382
0.444
0.569
0.725
0.882
1.007
1.194
0.132
0.194
0.257
0.319
0.382
0.444
0.475
0.507
0.632
0.819
0.975
1.132
1.288
0.132
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.538
0.725
0.913
1.100
1.319
1.475
0.132
0.194
0.257
0.319
0.382
0.444
0.632
0.819
1.038
1.257
1.444
1.663
0.132
0.257
0.319

20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.593
0.812
1.031
1.281
1.500
1.750
1.968
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
1.125
1.375
1.625
1.875
2.125
0.250
0.375
0.562
0.687
0.968
1.218
1.531
1.812
2.062
2.343
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875

0.519
0.711
0.902
1.121
1.313
1.531
1.722
0.219
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.984
1.203
1.422
1.641
1.859
0.219
0.328
0.492
0.601
0.847
1.066
1.340
1.586
1.804
2.050
0.219
0.328
0.438
0.766
0.875
0.984
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.656
0.766
0.875
0.984
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.656
0.766

0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118

0.401
0.593
0.784
1.003
1.195
1.413
1.604
0.101
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.866
1.085
1.304
1.523
1.741
0.101
0.210
0.374
0.483
0.729
0.948
1.222
1.468
1.686
1.932
0.101
0.210
0.320
0.648
0.757
0.866
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.538
0.648
0.757
0.866
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.538
0.648

0.475
0.694
0.913
1.163
1.382
1.632
1.850
0.132
0.257
0.382
0.507
1.007
1.257
1.507
1.757
2.007
0.132
0.257
0.444
0.569
0.850
1.100
1.413
1.694
1.944
2.225
0.132
0.257
0.382
0.757
0.882
1.007
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.632
0.757
0.882
1.007
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.632
0.757

20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.688
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.500

0.875
0.984
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.602
0.656
0.766
0.875
0.984
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.602
0.656
0.766
0.875
0.984
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.602
0.656
0.766
0.875
0.984
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.602
0.656
0.766
0.875
0.984
1.313

0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.118

0.757
0.866
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.484
0.538
0.648
0.757
0.866
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.484
0.538
0.648
0.757
0.866
0.155
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.484
0.538
0.648
0.757
0.866
0.210
0.320
0.429
0.484
0.538
0.648
0.757
0.866
1.195

0.882
1.007
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.570
0.632
0.757
0.882
1.007
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.570
0.632
0.757
0.882
1.007
0.194
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.570
0.632
0.757
0.882
1.007
0.257
0.382
0.507
0.570
0.632
0.757
0.882
1.007
1.382

20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
20,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

USER INPUT

References for Table Development:


1. GPSA Engg. Handbook, 11h Ed, 1998 Work Sheet 2
2. ASME B31.3, ASME B31.4 & ASME B31.8
3. Properties of Commercial Pipe, pipingdesigners.com

Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor W


Worksheet Table 5 Note: For temp<800 F, W=1.00

FOR PLANT PIPING


Use All. Stress Spipe
W
Weld Strength
Red. Factor

Y
Co-Efft for
Steels

ASME B31.3 2008


Allowable Internal
Pressure
Pi =2tS,pipeEW/(Do-2tY)
In-Plant Piping

Spipeline
Specified Min Yield
Strength

0 to 1.0

0 to 1.0

psig

psi

Refer 302.3.5 of
31.3 or Table 5
Worksheet

Refer Table
304.1.1 of B31.3
or Table 3
Worksheet

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400

Refer ASME 31.4 Table


403.2.1-1 (Liquid pipelines)
or ASME B31.8 Table D-1 (Gas
pipelines)
or FIG 17-25 worksheet

2,863
3,715
4,995
6,980
5,534
11,638
2,265
2,929
4,074
3,062
8,502
12,919
1,806
3,105
3,841
3,183
7,743
11,884
1,227
2,092
2,822
2,568
5,774
8,642

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400

977
1,660
2,377
2,322
5,623
7,373
156
531
1,531
2,439
3,991
5,961
121
412
1,355
2,188
3,050
3,886
5,209
1,206
1,621
2,363
3,283
4,174
472
584
771
1,125
1,527
1,931
2,484
2,908
3,195
3,338
378
567
761
1,218
1,537
1,974
2,417
2,985
3,446
318
541
668

35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400

756
1,023
1,201
1,563
2,023
2,493
2,874
3,455
290
447
608
767
930
1,091
1,172
1,256
1,587
2,089
2,516
2,952
3,394
253
391
531
812
1,167
1,599
2,040
2,487
3,021
3,407
225
347
471
594
720
845
1,225
1,610
2,068
2,534
2,938
3,420
202
424
534

35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400

815
1,214
1,619
2,090
2,509
2,996
3,428
184
385
588
792
1,626
2,054
2,489
2,931
3,380
168
353
631
818
1,245
1,631
2,122
2,572
2,978
3,442
155
325
496
1,017
1,192
1,369
222
302
461
620
781
943
1,105
1,269
208
282
430
578
728
879

35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400
0.400

1,030
1,182
195
264
403
542
612
682
823
965
1,107
183
248
379
510
576
641
774
907
1,040
173
235
358
481
544
605
730
856
982
201
306
412
465
518
624
731
839
1,164

35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000
35,000

Table Development:
andbook, 11h Ed, 1998 Work Sheet 2
ASME B31.4 & ASME B31.8
Commercial Pipe, pipingdesigners.com
FOR LIQUID PIPELINE
Use SMYS, Spipeline
ASME B31.4 2012
Allowable Internal
Pressure
Pi =2tS,pipelineE(0.72)/Do
Liquid Pipelines
psig

Note: Liquid Pipelines are


designed for temperatures
below 250 F.

FOR GAS PIPELINE


Use SMYS, Spipeline
ASME B31.8 2010
Allowable Internal Pressure
T
Pi =2tS,pipelineEFT/Do
Temp. Derating
Gas Pipelines
Factor
Note: Chose Location Class Factor F from Table 841.1.6-2
of B31.8 or Table 2 & refer respective Column below
Class 1
Class 1
0 to 1.0
Class 2
Class 3
Div 1
Div 2
Refer Table
841.1.8-1 of
B31.8 or Table 1
Worksheet

0.8

0.72

0.6

0.5

269
683
1,994
3,114
4,234
5,286
6,888
1,750
2,389
3,378
4,565
5,675
771
929
1,192
1,683
2,232
2,776
3,506
4,055
4,424
4,605
619
886
1,158
1,791
2,227
2,813
3,399
4,135
4,721
522
838
1,016

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

299
759
2,215
3,460
4,704
5,874
7,653
1,944
2,654
3,753
5,072
6,306
857
1,032
1,325
1,870
2,480
3,084
3,896
4,506
4,915
5,116
688
985
1,287
1,990
2,474
3,126
3,777
4,595
5,246
580
931
1,129

269
683
1,994
3,114
4,234
5,286
6,888
1,750
2,389
3,378
4,565
5,675
771
929
1,192
1,683
2,232
2,776
3,506
4,055
4,424
4,605
619
886
1,158
1,791
2,227
2,813
3,399
4,135
4,721
522
838
1,016

224
569
1,661
2,595
3,528
4,405
5,740
1,458
1,991
2,815
3,804
4,729
643
774
993
1,402
1,860
2,313
2,922
3,379
3,686
3,837
516
738
965
1,492
1,856
2,344
2,833
3,446
3,934
435
698
847

187
474
1,384
2,162
2,940
3,671
4,783
1,215
1,659
2,346
3,170
3,941
536
645
828
1,169
1,550
1,928
2,435
2,816
3,072
3,198
430
615
804
1,244
1,547
1,953
2,360
2,872
3,279
362
582
705

1,138
1,510
1,755
2,249
2,866
3,486
3,981
4,720
475
698
925
1,148
1,375
1,598
1,710
1,825
2,275
2,948
3,510
4,075
4,637
416
611
810
1,203
1,695
2,284
2,876
3,465
4,155
4,646
370
543
720
893
1,070
1,243
1,770
2,293
2,906
3,520
4,043
4,656
333
648
804

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1,265
1,678
1,950
2,499
3,184
3,874
4,423
5,244
528
776
1,028
1,276
1,528
1,776
1,900
2,028
2,528
3,276
3,900
4,528
5,152
462
679
900
1,337
1,883
2,538
3,196
3,850
4,617
5,163
411
604
800
992
1,188
1,381
1,966
2,548
3,229
3,911
4,492
5,174
370
720
893

1,138
1,510
1,755
2,249
2,866
3,486
3,981
4,720
475
698
925
1,148
1,375
1,598
1,710
1,825
2,275
2,948
3,510
4,075
4,637
416
611
810
1,203
1,695
2,284
2,876
3,465
4,155
4,646
370
543
720
893
1,070
1,243
1,770
2,293
2,906
3,520
4,043
4,656
333
648
804

949
1,258
1,463
1,874
2,388
2,905
3,317
3,933
396
582
771
957
1,146
1,332
1,425
1,521
1,896
2,457
2,925
3,396
3,864
347
509
675
1,003
1,412
1,903
2,397
2,888
3,462
3,872
308
453
600
744
891
1,036
1,475
1,911
2,422
2,933
3,369
3,880
277
540
670

791
1,049
1,219
1,562
1,990
2,421
2,764
3,278
330
485
643
798
955
1,110
1,188
1,268
1,580
2,048
2,438
2,830
3,220
289
424
562
836
1,177
1,586
1,997
2,406
2,885
3,227
257
377
500
620
743
863
1,229
1,593
2,018
2,444
2,808
3,234
231
450
558

1,197
1,749
2,301
2,931
3,483
4,113
4,662
302
589
875
1,161
2,307
2,880
3,452
4,025
4,598
277
540
932
1,195
1,785
2,310
2,967
3,557
4,082
4,673
256
498
740
1,467
1,710
1,952
349
463
688
913
1,138
1,363
1,588
1,813
326
432
642
852
1,062
1,272

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1,330
1,943
2,556
3,256
3,870
4,570
5,180
336
654
972
1,291
2,563
3,200
3,836
4,472
5,109
308
600
1,036
1,328
1,983
2,567
3,297
3,953
4,536
5,192
284
554
823
1,630
1,900
2,169
388
514
764
1,014
1,264
1,514
1,764
2,014
362
480
713
946
1,180
1,413

1,197
1,749
2,301
2,931
3,483
4,113
4,662
302
589
875
1,161
2,307
2,880
3,452
4,025
4,598
277
540
932
1,195
1,785
2,310
2,967
3,557
4,082
4,673
256
498
740
1,467
1,710
1,952
349
463
688
913
1,138
1,363
1,588
1,813
326
432
642
852
1,062
1,272

998
1,457
1,917
2,442
2,902
3,427
3,885
252
491
729
968
1,922
2,400
2,877
3,354
3,832
231
450
777
996
1,488
1,925
2,473
2,965
3,402
3,894
213
415
617
1,223
1,425
1,627
291
386
573
761
948
1,136
1,323
1,511
272
360
535
710
885
1,060

831
1,215
1,598
2,035
2,419
2,856
3,238
210
409
608
807
1,602
2,000
2,398
2,795
3,193
193
375
648
830
1,240
1,604
2,061
2,470
2,835
3,245
178
346
514
1,019
1,187
1,356
243
321
478
634
790
946
1,103
1,259
226
300
446
592
737
883

1,482
1,692
306
405
602
799
898
995
1,192
1,389
1,586
288
381
566
752
845
937
1,122
1,307
1,493
272
360
535
710
798
885
1,060
1,235
1,410
308
458
608
684
758
908
1,058
1,208
1,658

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1,646
1,880
340
450
669
887
998
1,106
1,325
1,544
1,762
320
423
629
835
939
1,041
1,247
1,453
1,659
302
400
594
789
887
983
1,178
1,372
1,566
343
509
676
760
843
1,009
1,176
1,343
1,843

1,482
1,692
306
405
602
799
898
995
1,192
1,389
1,586
288
381
566
752
845
937
1,122
1,307
1,493
272
360
535
710
798
885
1,060
1,235
1,410
308
458
608
684
758
908
1,058
1,208
1,658

1,235
1,410
255
337
501
665
748
830
994
1,158
1,322
240
317
472
626
704
781
935
1,090
1,244
226
300
446
592
665
737
883
1,029
1,175
257
382
507
570
632
757
882
1,007
1,382

1,029
1,175
212
281
418
555
623
691
828
965
1,101
200
265
393
522
587
651
779
908
1,037
189
250
371
493
554
614
736
858
979
214
318
423
475
527
631
735
839
1,152

ne

0
essure
Do

F from Table 841.1.6-2


tive Column below
Class 4

0.4

149
380
1,108
1,730
2,352
2,937
3,827
972
1,327
1,877
2,536
3,153
429
516
662
935
1,240
1,542
1,948
2,253
2,458
2,558
344
492
643
995
1,237
1,563
1,888
2,297
2,623
290
466
564

632
839
975
1,250
1,592
1,937
2,211
2,622
264
388
514
638
764
888
950
1,014
1,264
1,638
1,950
2,264
2,576
231
340
450
669
942
1,269
1,598
1,925
2,308
2,581
205
302
400
496
594
691
983
1,274
1,615
1,955
2,246
2,587
185
360
447

665
972
1,278
1,628
1,935
2,285
2,590
168
327
486
645
1,282
1,600
1,918
2,236
2,554
154
300
518
664
992
1,283
1,649
1,976
2,268
2,596
142
277
411
815
950
1,084
194
257
382
507
632
757
882
1,007
181
240
357
473
590
707

823
940
170
225
334
444
499
553
662
772
881
160
212
315
418
469
520
623
726
829
151
200
297
394
443
492
589
686
783
171
255
338
380
421
505
588
671
921

TABLE 1
Fig 17.24 GPSA Book

Temp
F

T
Temp Derating
Factor

< 250 F
300
350
400
450

1
0.967
0.933
0.9
0.867

Table for Gas Pipelines 'T' Value

ASME B31.8- 2010


Table 841.1.8-1 Temperature Derating Factor, T, for Steel Pipe
Temperature Derating Factor, T
Temperature, :F (:C)
1.000
250 (121) or Less
0.967
300 (149)
0.933
350 (177)
0.900
400 (204)
0.867
450 (232)
GENERAL NOTE: For Intermediate temperatures, interpolate for derating

Table 841.1.7-1 Longitudinal Joint Factor, E


Spec. No. Pipe Class E Factor
ASTM A 53 Seamless 1.00
Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00
Furnace-Butt Welded, Continuous Weld 0.60
ASTM A 106 Seamless 1.00
ASTM A 134 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0.80
ASTM A 135 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00
ASTM A 139 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0.80
ASTM A 333 Seamless 1.00
Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00
ASTM A 381 Submerged-Arc-Welded 1.00
ASTM A 671 Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53 0.80
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52 1.00
ASTM A 672 Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53 0.80
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52 1.00
ASTM A 691 Electric-Fusion-Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53 0.80
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52 1.00
ASTM A 984 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00
ASTM A 1005 Double Submerged-Arc-Welded 1.00
ASTM A 1006 Laser Beam Welded 1.00
API 5L Electric Welded 1.00
Seamless 1.00
Submerged-Arc Welded (Longitudinal 1.00

Seam or Helical Seam)


Furnace-Butt Welded, Continuous Weld 0.60
GENERAL NOTE: Definitions for the various classes of welded pipe
are given in para. 804.7.3.
Table 841.1.8-1 Temperature Derating Factor,
T, for Steel Pipe
Temperature Derating
Temperature, F (C) Factor, T
250 (121) or less 1.000
300 (149) 0.967
350 (177) 0.933
400 (204) 0.900
450 (232) 0.867
GENERAL NOTE: For intermediate temperatures, interpolate for der
factor.

Arc-Welded 1.00

e various classes of welded pipe

ating Factor,

temperatures, interpolate for derating

Table

Table 2
Location
Class or
Div

Design
Factor
F

Location

1 or A

0.72

Desert, non-populated area

2 or B

0.6

Village or populated area or


parallel to high ways

3 or C

0.5

4 or D

0.4

City, or plant piping designed to


B31.4 or 31.8
Metropolitan area, or highly
populated area, malls, hospitals
etc.

Use this Table for Gas Pipelines 'F' Value instead o

ASM
TABLE 841.1.6-2 DESIGN FAC

Facility
Pipelines, mains, and service lines [ see para. 841.2.1(b)]

Crossings of roads, railroads without casing:


(a) Private roads
(b) Unimproved public roads
( c) Roads, highways, or public streets, with hard surface and railroa

Crossings of roads, railroads with casing:


(a) Private roads
(b) Unimproved public roads
( c) Roads, highways, or public streets, with hard surface and railroa

Parallel enroachment of pipelines and mains on roads and railroad


(a) Private roads
(b) Unimproved public roads
( c) Roads, highways, or public streets, with hard surface and railroa

Fabricated assemblies [see para. 841.1.9(a)]


Pipelines on bridges [see para. 841.1.9(b)]
Pressure / flow control and metering facilities [see para. 841.1.9(c )
Compressor station piping
Near concentration of people in Location Classes 1 and 2 [see para.

r Gas Pipelines 'F' Value instead of Table 2 (Caution - Use appropriate column in spreadsheet!!!!)

ASME B31.8 - 2010


ABLE 841.1.6-2 DESIGN FACTORS FOR STEEL PIPE CONSTRUCTION
Location Class
1

Facility

Div. 1

Div.2

0.80

0.72

0.60

0.50

0.40

0.80
0.60
0.60

0.72
0.60
0.60

0.60
0.60
0.50

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.40
0.40
0.40

0.80
0.72
0.72

0.72
0.72
0.72

0.60
0.60
0.60

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.40
0.40
0.40

eets, with hard surface and railroads

0.80
0.80
0.60

0.72
0.72
0.60

0.60
0.60
0.60

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.40
0.40
0.40

41.1.9(a)]
1.1.9(b)]
ing facilities [see para. 841.1.9(c )]

0.60
0.60
0.60

0.60
0.60
0.60

0.60
0.60
0.60

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.40
0.40
0.40

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

[ see para. 841.2.1(b)]

out casing:

eets, with hard surface and railroads


casing:

eets, with hard surface and railroads

s and mains on roads and railroads:

ocation Classes 1 and 2 [see para. 840.3(b)]

GPSA BOOK
ASME B31.3, Table 304.1.1 (Excerpt),
Values of Coefficient Y

Table 3
Temperature, :F
Materials

900 &
lower

950

1000

1050

1100

1150 &UP

Ferritic
Steels

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

Austenitic
Steels

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.7

Other
Ductile
Metals

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

Cast iron

ASME B31.3 2008


Table 304.1.1 Values of Coefficient Y for t< D/6
Temperature, :C (:F)

Materials
Ferritic
Steels
Austenitic
Steels

Other Ductile
metals
Cast iron

482
(900
& Lower)

510
(950)

538
(1,000)

566
(1,050)

593
(1,100)

621
(1,150
& Up)

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.0

Table 4 (GPSA BOOK)


Spec No.

Class (or Type)

Description

Ej

Carbon Steel

API
5L

A 53

A 106

Seamless pipe
Electric resistance welded pipe

1.00
0.85
0.95

Electric fusion welded pipe, double butt, straight or


spiral seam
Furnace butt welded

Type S

Seamless pipe

1.00

Type E
Type F

Electric resistance welded pipe


Furnace butt welded pipe

0.85
0.60

Seamless pipe

1.00

Low and intermediate Alloy Steel

A 333

A 335

Seamless pipe

1.00

Electric resistance welded pipe

0.85

Seamless pipe

1.00

Stainless Steel

A 312

seamless pipe
Electric fusion welded pipe, double butt seam

1.00
0.85

A 358

Electric fusion welded pipe, single butt seam

0.80

1, 3, 4

Electric fusion welded pipe, 100% radiographed

1.00

Electric fusion welded pipe, spot radiographed

0.90

Electric fusion welded pipe, double butt seam

0.85

Nickel and Nickel Alloy

B 161

Seamless pipe and tube

1.00

B 514

Welded pipe

0.80

B 675

All

Welded pipe

0.80

ASME B31.3, Table A-1B (Excerpt),


Basic Quality Factors for Longitudinal Weld Joints, Ej
Table 6.2 (GPSA Book)

A 234
A 333

A 334
A 335
A 350
A 369
A 420

A 671

ASME B31.3 2008 Use this Table for Plant Piping 'E' Value instead of Table 4
Table A-1B Basic Quality Factors for Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes, Tubes, and Fittings, Ej

These quality factors are determined in accordance with para. 302.3.4(a). See also para. 302.3.4(b) and
Table 302.3.4 for increased quality factors applicable in special cases. Specifications, expect API, are
ASTM.
Spec. No.
Carbon steel
API 5L

Class (or Type)

Description

Ej (2)

Appendix A Notes

Seamless pipe

1.00

Electric resistance
welded pipe

0.85

Electric fusion welded


pipe, double butt,
straight or spiral seam

0.95

Furnace butt welded

0.60

Type S

Seamless pipe
Electric resistance
welded pipe
Furnace butt welded
pipe

1.00

0.85

0.60

Forgings and fittings


Sealmess pipe

1.00
1.00

(9)

A 134

Electric fusion welded


pipe, single butt,
straight or spiral seam

0.80

A 135

Electric resistance
welded pipe

0.85

A 139

Electric fusion welded


pipe, straight or spiral
seam

0.80

A 179
A 181

Seamless tube
Forgings and fittings

1.00
1.00

(9)

A 234

Seamless and welded


fittings

1.00

(16)

A 333

Seamless pipe

1.00

A 53

Type E
Type F
A 105
A 106

A 334
A 350

Electric resistance
welded pipe
Seamless tube
Forgings and fittings

A 369

Seamless pipe

A 381

Electric fusion welded


pipe, 100%
radiographed
Electric fusion welded
pipe, spot
radiographed

0.85

1.00
1.00

(9)

1.00

1.00

(18)

0.90

(19)

Electric fusion welded


pipe, as manufactured

0.85

A 420

Welded fittings, 100%


radiographed

1.00

(16)

A 524

1.00

A 587

0.85

12, 22, 32, 42, 52

Electric fusion welded


pipe, 100%
radiographed

1.00

13, 23, 33, 43, 53

Electric fusion welded


pipe, double butt seam

0.85

12, 22, 32, 42, 52

Electric fusion welded


pipe, 100%

1.00

13, 23, 33, 43, 53

Electric fusion welded


pipe, double butt seam

0.85

12, 22, 32, 42, 52

Electric fusion welded


pipe, 100%
radiographed

1.00

13, 23, 33, 43, 53

Electric fusion welded


pipe, double butt seam

0.85

Forgings and fittings

1.00

(9)

A 671

A 672

A 691

Seamless pipe
Electric resistance
welded pipe

Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel


A 182

A 234

A 333

Seamless and welded


fittings
Seamless Pipe
Electric resistance
welded pipe
Seamless tube
Seamless pipe
Forgings and fittings
Seamless pipe

1.00

(16)

1.00

0.85

(78)

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

A 334
A 335
A 350
A 369

A 420

Welded fittings, 100%


radiographed

1.00

(16)

A 671

12, 22, 32, 42, 52

Electric fusion welded


pipe, 100%
radiographed

1.00

13, 23, 33, 43, 53

Electric fusion welded


pipe, double butt seam

0.85

(78)

1. For notes in brackets please refer the code


2. This Table is continued for other Alloys but not reproduced here. Only for Carbon Steel E values are
put here.

Refer Table 403.2.1-1


for B31.4

Use this Table for Gas Pipelines 'E' Value instead of Table 4

ASME B31.8 - 2010


TABLE 841.1.7-1 LONGITUDINAL JOINT FACTOR, E
Spec. No.
ASTM A 53

Pipe Class
Seamless
Electric- Resistance- Welded
Furnace- Butt welded, Continuous
weld

ASTM A 106
Seamless
ASTM A 134
ASTM A 135
ASTM A 139
ASTM A 333

Electric- Fusion Arc- Welded


Electric- Resistance- Welded
Electric- Fusion Arc- Welded
Seamless
Electric- Resistance- Welded

ASTM A 381
ASTM A 671

Submerged- Arc- Welded


Electric- Fusion- Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52

ASTM A 672

Electric- Fusion- Welded

Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53

ASTM A 691

Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52


Electric- Fusion- Welded
Classes 13, 23, 33, 43, 53
Classes 12, 22, 32, 42, 52

ASTM A 984
ASTM A 1005

Electric- Resistance- Welded


Double Submerged- Arc- Welded

ASTM A 1006
API 5L

Laser Beam Welded


Electric Welded
Seamless
Submerged- Arc- Welded
(Longitudinal Seam or Helical Seam)
Furnace- butt welded, Continuous weld

GENERAL NOTE: Definitions for the variousclasses of welded pipe are given in
para. 804.7.3.

alue instead of Table 4

010

AL JOINT FACTOR, E
E Factor
1.00
1.00
0.60

1.00

0.80
1.00
0.80
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00

0.80
1.00
0.80
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.60

es of welded pipe are given in

ASME B 31.3 2008 Table 302.3.5 Weld Joi


Steel Group

427
(800)

1
CrMo
[Notes (1)-(3)]
CSEF (N + T)

[Notes (3)-(5)]

CSEF
[Notes (3) and (4)]
(Subcritical PWHT)
Autogenous

welds in

Austenitic
stainless
grade 3xx
and N088xx
nickel alloys
[Notes (7)
and (8)]
Other

materials
[Notes (9)]

454
(850)
0.95

482
(900)
0.91

510
(950)
0.86

538
(1,000)
0.82

Component Temp
566
(1,050)
0.77

0.95

0.91

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.95

0.91

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Weld joint strength reduction factors at temperatures above the upper temperature limit listed in
(b) T cr = Temperature 25:C (50:F) below the temperature identifying the start of time-dependent pr
(c ) T i = Temperature, :C (:F), of the component of the coincident operating pressure- temperature c
(d) CAUTIONARY NOTE: There are many factors that may affect the life of a welded joint at elevated te
NOTES:
(1) The Cr-Mo Steels include : Cr - Mo, 1Cr - Mo, 1Cr - Mo - Si, 2 Cr- 1Mo, 3Cr - 1Mo, 5Cr - M
Required examination is in accordance with para. 341.4.4 or 305.2.4.
(2) Longitudinal seam fusion welded construction is not permitted for C-Mo steel above 850:F.
(3) The required carbon content of the weld filler metal shall be 0.50 C wt. %. See para. 341.4.4(b) fo
(4) The CSEF (Creep Strength Enhanced Ferritic) steels include grades 91, 92, 911, 122, and 23.
(5) N + T = Normalizing + Temperature PWHT
(6) Autogenous welds without filler metal in austenitic stainless steel (grade 3xx) and austenitic nickel
(7) Alternatively, the 100,000 hr Stress Rupture Factors listed in ASME Section III, Devision 1, Subsectio
(8) Certain heats of the austenitic stainless steels, particularly for those grades whose creep strength i
(9) For materials other than carbon steel, CrMo, CSEF, and the austenitic alloys listed in Table 302.3.5,

le 302.3.5 Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor, W


Component Temperature, T i, :C (:F)
593
621
649
677
(1,100)
1,150)
(1,200)
(1,250)
0.73
0.68
0.64

704
(1,300)

732
(1,350)

760
(1,400)

788
(1,450)

816
(1,500)

0.86

0.82

0.77

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.86

0.82

0.77

0.73

0.68

0.64

0.59

0.55

0.5

mperature limit listed in Appendix A for the base metal or out- side of the applicable range in Table 302.3.5 are
art of time-dependent properties listed under "NOTES- TIME-DEPENDENT PROPERTIES" (Txx) in the Notes to Table
pressure- temperature condition, i , under consideration.
elded joint at elevated temperature and all of those factors cannot be addressed in a table of weld strength

1Mo, 3Cr - 1Mo, 5Cr - Mo, 9Cr - 1Mo. Longitudinal welds shall either be normalized, normalized and tempered,

steel above 850:F.


%. See para. 341.4.4(b) for examination requirements. Basic-ity index of SAW flux 1.0.
911, 122, and 23.

3xx) and austenitic nickel alloys UNS Nos. N066xx and N088xx. A solution anneal after welding is required for use of
n III, Devision 1, Subsection NH, Tables I-14.10 A-xx, B-xx, and C-xx may be used as the weld joint strength
s whose creep strength is enhanced by the precipitation of temper-resistant carbides and carbonitrides, can suffer
ys listed in Table 302.3.5, W shall be as follows: For T i T cr , W = 1.0. For T cr < T i 1,500:F, W = 1 - 0.000909(T i -

FIG. 17-23 (GPSA BOOK)


Working Pressures Refinery Piping
To determine allowable internal working pressure for straight sections of pipe in
accordance with ANSI B31.3, "Code for Pressure Piping, Petroleum Refinery Piping",
use the following:

where:

tm = minimum required thickness, satisfying requirements for


pressure, and mechanical, corrosion, and erosion allowances,
inches.
(The minimum thickness for the pipe selected, considering
manufacturers
minus tolerance, shall not be less then tm).
t = pressure design thickness, in.
c = the sum of the mechanical allowances (thread depth and
groove depth), corrosion, and erosion allowances, in.
Pi = internal design pressure, psig.

do =

outside diameter of pipe, in.


S' = allowable stresses, psi.
E' = longitudinal weld joint factor:
Seamless = 1.000,
ERW = 0.85
Y' = coefficient having values for ferritic steels as follows:
0.4 up to and including 900:F
0.5 for 950:F
0.7 for 1,000:F and above

FIG. 17-24 (GPSA BOOK)


Working Pressures Transmission lines
To determine allowable internal working pressure for piping outside of refineries
and other processing facilities in accordance with ANSI B31.8-1992, "Code of
Pressure Pipign, Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping," use the following:

where:

Pi

= Design pressure, psig


S" = Specified minimum yield strength, psi

do

= Nominal outside diameter, in.


t = Nominal wall thickness, in.
F" = Construction type design factor,
Table 841.11A and Par. 840.2 (see note)
Location
Class
F"
1
Div 1
.80
Div 2
.72
Div 2
.60
Div 3
.50
Div 4
.40
Complete details are covered in Par. 841.
E" = Longitudinal joint factor, Table 841.115A and welded pipe except
for the following:
Fusion Welded A 134 and A 139
0.80
Spiral Welded A 211
0.80
Furnace Butt Welded ASTM-A53, API-5L
0.60
T" = Temperature derating factor, Table 841.116A
Temp, :F
Factor T"
250 or less
1.000
300
0.967
350
0.933
400
0.900
450
0.867
For intermediate temperatures, interpolate for derating factor.
Note: Factor reflecting location of line, proximity to roads, public or private land,
etc.

FIG. 17-25 (From GPSA BOOK)


(Excerpted from ANSI B3
Please refer the codes ASME B 31.3, 31.4 or 31.8 as applicable instea

Spipeline

Material
Specification
CARBON STEEL
Seamless Pipe
ASTM A53
ASTM A53
ASTM A106
ASTM A106
ASTM A106

Grade

Class

A
B
A
B
C

Type S
Type S

Factor(
E)

Tensile
Strength
min. psi

Yield
Strength
min. psi

48000
60000
48000
60000
70000

30000
35000
30000
35000
40000

57,59
57,59
57
57
57

Notes

ASTM A120
ASTM A333
ASTM A334
ASTM A333
ASTM A334

1
1
6
6

55000
55000
60000
60000

30000
30000
35000
35000

8
57,59
57,59
57
57

API 5L

48000

30000

57,59

API 5L
B
60000
35000
API 5LX
X42
60000
42000
API 5LX
X46
63000
46000
API 5LX
X52
66000
52000
API 5LX
X52
72000
52000
Electric Resistance Welded Pipe
ASTM A53
A
Type E
0.85
48000
30000
ASTM A53
B
Type E
0.85
60000
35000
ASTM A120
0.85
LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL & STAINLESS STEEL (4.40) - Seamless Pipe
3 1/2 Ni
ASTM A333
3
65000
35000
3 1/2 Ni
ASTM A334
3
65000
35000
Ni-Cr-Cu-Al
ASTM A333
4
60000
35000
2 1/4 Ni
ASTM A333
7
65000
35000
2 1/4 Ni
ASTM A334
7
65000
35000
9 Ni
ASTM A333
8
100000
75000
9 Ni
ASTM A334
8
100000
75000
18Cr-8Ni Pipe ASTM A376
TP304
75000
30000
18Cr-8Ni Pipe ASTM A376
TP304H
75000
30000

57,59
51,55
51,55
51,55
51,55
57,59
57,59
8

47
20,26,28,31,36
26,31,36

Note : These notes are requirements of the Code. Those marked with an asterisk(*) restate requirements found in the text of
require reference to ANSI/ASME B31.3a-1984 Edition.

(1)* The stress valves in Table A-1 and the design stress values in Tables A-2 are basic allowable stresses in tension in accorda
or EJ from Table A-1B). Stress values in shear and bearing are stated in 302.3.1 (b); those in compression in 302.3.1(c).

(3)* This casting quality factor can be enhanced by supplementary examination in accordance with 302.3.3(c) and Table 302.3

(4)* In shaded areas, stress values printed in italics exceed two-thirds of the expected yield strength at temperature. All othe

(6)* The minimum temperature shown is that design minimum temperature for which the material is normally suitable witho
-20:F *-29:C+ is established by rules elsewhere in this Code, including any necessary impact test requirements.

(7*) A single bar (l) in these Stress Tables indicates there are conditions other than stress which affect usage above or below t
above that temperature. A double bar (ll) before the stress valve for "Min. Temp. to 100:F" indicates that the use of the mate
accordance with 323.2 unless prohibited by a double bar(ll).
(8)* There are restrictions on the use of this material in the text of the Code.

(20) For pipe sizes NPS 8 and larger and for wall thicknesses of schedule 140 or heavier, the minimum specified tensile streng

(26) These unstabilized grades of stainless steel have increasing tendency to intergranular carbide precipitation as the carbon
(28) For temperatures above 1000:F *538:C+, these stress valves apply only when the carbon content is 0.04% or higher.

(30) For temperatures above 1000:*538:C+, these stress values may be used only if the material has been heat treated at a te

(31) For temperatures above 1000:F *538:C+, these stress valves may be used only if the material has been heat treated by h

(36) The specification permits this material to be furnished without solution heat treatment or with other than a solution hea
impact tested per 323.3.

(40) The stress values for austenitic stainless steels in these Tables may not be applicable if the material has been given a fina
(31).

(47) If no welding is employed in fabrication of piping from those materials, the stress values may be increased to 33.3 ksi [23

(51) Special P-Numbers SP-1, SP-2, and SP-3 of carbon steels are not included in P-No. 1 because of possible high carbon, high
may be extended to other grades in its group.

(55) Pipe produced to this specification is not intended for high temperature service. The Stress values apply to either non-ex

(57)* Conversion of carbides to graphite may occur after prolonged exposure to temperatures over 800:F *425:C+ (see Appen
(59)* For temperatures above 900:F *480:C+, consider the advantages of killed steel *see Appendix F+.

25 (From GPSA BOOK) Allowable Stresses in Tension for Material (1)


xcerpted from ANSI B31.3a-1985, Appendix A, Tables A-1, A-1B)
1.8 as applicable instead of this - These values run into several pages in the codes - Book is a simple excerp
Spipe, BASIC ALLOWABLE STRESSES IN TENSION, psi(1)
Metal Temperature, :F (7)
(6) Min.
Temp.

Min. Temp.
to 100

200

300

400

500

600

650

700

750

800

-20
-20
-20
-20
-20

16000
20000
16000
20000
23300

16000
20000
16000
20000
23300

16000
20000
16000
20000
23300

16000
20000
16000
20000
22900

16000
18900
16000
18900
21600

14800
17300
14800
17300
19700

14500
17000
14500
17000
19400

14400
16500
14400
16500
19200

10700
13000
10700
13000
14800

9300 l
10800 l
9300 l
10800 l
12000 l

-20
-50
-50
-50
-50

ll 12000
18300
18300
20000
20000

11400
18300
18300
20000
20000

17700
17700
20000
20000

ll
17200
17200
20000
20000

16200
16200
18900
18900

14800
14800
17300
17300

14500
14500
17000
17000

14400
14400
16500
16500

12000
12000
13000
13000

-20

16000

16000

16000

16000

16000

14800

14500

14400

10700 9300 l

-20
-20
-20
-20
-20

20000
20000
21000
22000
24000

20000
20000
21000
22000
24000

20000
20000
21000
22000
24000

20000 ll 18900
20000 ll
21000 ll
22000 ll
24000 ll

17300

17000

16500

13000 10800 l

-20
-20
-20

13600
17000
10200

13600
17000
9800

13600
17000

13600
17000

13600
16100

12600
14700

12300
14500

12250
14000

9100
11000

7900 l
9200 l

-150
-150
-150
-100
-100
-320
-320
-425
-325

21700
21700
20000
21700
21700
31700
31700
20000
20000

19600
19600
19100
19600
19600
31700
31700
20000
20000

19600
19600
18200
19600
19600

18700
18700
17300
18700
18700

17800
17800
16400
17600
17600

16800
16800
15500
16800
16800

16300
16300
15000
16300
16300

15500
15500

13900
13900

11400
11400

15500
15500

13900
13900

11400
11400

20000
20000

18700
18700

17500
17500

16400
16400

16200
16200

16000
16000

15600
15600

15200
15200

10200 l
10200 l
10800 l
10800 l

uirements found in the text of the Code. The other Notes are limitations or special requirements applicable to particular materials. Full int

stresses in tension in accordance with 302.3.1(a). For pressure design, the stress values from Table A-1 are multiplied by the appropriate
pression in 302.3.1(c).

ith 302.3.3(c) and Table 302.3.3c. The hither factor from Table 302.3.3.C may be substituted for this factor in pressure design equations.

ngth at temperature. All other stress values in shaded areas are equal to 90% of expected yield strenght at temperature. See 302.3.2(d)(4

rial is normally suitable without impact testing other than that required by the material specification. However, the use of a material at a
requirements.

affect usage above or below the temperature, as described in other referenced notes. A double bar (ll) after a tabled stress indicates that
cates that the use of the material is prohibited below the listed minimum temperature. At temperatures where there are no stress values

imum specified tensile strength is 70.0 ksi [483 MPa].

de precipitation as the carbon content increases above 0.03%.

ntent is 0.04% or higher.


has been heat treated at a temperature of 2000:F *1090:C+ minimum.

al has been heat treated by heating to a minimum temperature of 1900:F *1040:C+ and quenching in water or rapidly cooling by other me

with other than a solution heat treatment. When the material has not been solution heat treated the minimum temperature shall be -20:

material has been given a final heat treatment other than that required by the material specification and any overriding requirements of t

ay be increased to 33.3 ksi [230 MPa].

e of possible high carbon, high manganese combination which would require special consideration in qualification. Qualification of any hig

values apply to either non-expanded or cold expanded material in the as-rolled, normalized, or normalized and tempered condition.

over 800:F *425:C+ (see Appendix F).

dix F+.

ook is a simple excerpt

NSION, psi(1)

850

900

950

1000

1050

1100

7900
8700
7900
8700

6500
6500
6500
6500

4500
4500
4500
4500

2500
2500
2500
2500

1600
1600
1600
1600

1000
1000
1000
1000

8300
8300
8700
8700

6500
6500
6500
6500

4500
4500
4500
4500

2500
2500
2500
2500

1600
1600
1600
1600

1000
1000
1000
1000

7900

6500

4500

2500

1600

1000

8700

6500

4500

2500

1600

1000

6700
7350

5500
5500

3800
3800

2150
2150

1350
1350

850
850

9000
9000

6500
6500

4500
4500

2500
2500

1600
1600

1000
1000

9000
9000

6500
6500

4500
4500

2500
2500

1600
1600

1000
1000

14900
14900

14600
14600

14400
14400

13800
13800

12200
12200

9700
9700

o particular materials. Full interpretation of these notes will

multiplied by the appropriate quality factor E (E c from Table A-1A,

pressure design equations.

mperature. See 302.3.2(d)(4) and 302.3.2(d) [Note (3)]

er, the use of a material at a design minimum temperature below

a tabled stress indicates that use of the material is prohibited


re there are no stress values, the material may be used in

r rapidly cooling by other means.

m temperature shall be -20:F *-29:C+ unless the material is

overriding requirements of this Code called for by Notes (30) or

ation. Qualification of any high carbon, high manganese grade

nd tempered condition.

FIG. 17-26 (GPSA BOOK)


Design Properties and Allowable working Pressures for Piping
ASTM A106, Grade B Seamless pipe-Petroleum Refinery Piping Code
for Pressure Piping ANSI B31.3-1984-Corrosion allowance = 0.05
Nom
Pipe
Size
in.

Sch.
No.

Weight of
pipe
Ib./ft.

O.D. in.

Wall
thk.
in.

ID
(d)
in.

Flow
area
sq ft

1/2

S40

.851

.840

.109

.622

3/4

S40
X80

1.131
1.474

1.050

.113
.154

S40
X80
160
XX

1.679
2.172
2.844
3.659

1-1/2

S40
X80
160
XX

2.718
3.632
4.866
6.409

S40
X80
160
XX

3.653
5.022
7.445
9.030

S40
X80
160
XX

7.58
10.25
14.33
18.58

Allowable working pressures for temp


-20 to 100

200

.00211

2258

2258

.824
.742

.00371
.00300

1933
3451

1933
3451

1.315

.133
.179
.250
.358

1.049
.957
.815
.599

.00600
.00499
.00362
.00196

2103
3468
5720
9534

2103
3468
5720
9534

1.900

.145
.200
.281
.400

1.610
1.500
1.338
1.100

.01414
.01225
.00976
.00660

1672
2777
4494
7228

1672
2777
4494
7228

2.375

.154
.218
.343
.436

2.067
1.939
1.687
1.503

.02330
.02050
.01556
.01232

1469
2488
4600
6284

1469
2488
4600
6284

3.500

.216
.300
.438
.600

3.068
2.900
2.624
2.300

.05130
.04587
.03755
.02885

1640
2552
4122
6089

1640
2552
4122
6089

S40
X80
160
XX

10.79
14.99
22.51
27.54

4.500

.237
.337
.531
.674

4.026
3.826
3.438
3.152

.08840
.07986
.06447
.05419

1439
2275
3978
5307

1439
2275
3978
5307

S40
X80
160
XX

18.98
28.58
45.30
53.17

6.625

.280
.432
.718
.864

6.065
5.761
5.187
4.897

.2006
.1810
.1469
.1308

1205
2062
3753
4659

1205
2062
3753
4659

S40
X80
XX
160

28.56
43.4
72.4
74.7

8.625

.322
.500
.875
.906

7.981
7.625
6.875
6.813

.3474
.3171
.2578
.2532

1098
1864
3554
3699

1098
1864
3554
3699

10

S40
X60
160

40.5
54.7
115.7

10.750

.365
.500
1.125

10.020
9.750
8.500

.5475
.5185
.3941

1022
1484
3736

1022
1484
3736

12

S
X
160

49.6
65.4
160.3

12.750

.375
.500
1.312

12.000
11.750
10.126

.7854
.7528
.5592

888
1245
3699

888
1245
3699

14

10
S30
X

36.7
54.6
72.1

14.000

.250
.375
.500

13.500
13.250
13.000

.9940
.9575
.9211

486
807
1132

486
807
1132

16

10
S30
S40

42.1
62.6
82.8

16.000

.250
.375
.500

15.500
15.250
15.000

1.310
1.268
1.227

425
705
987

425
705
987

18

10
S
X

47.4
70.6
93.5

18.000

.250
.375
.500

17.500
17.250
17.000

1.670
1.622
1.575

377
625
876

377
625
876

20

10
S20
X30

52.7
78.6
104.1

20.000

.250
.375
.500

19.500
19.250
19.000

2.074
2.021
1.969

339
562
787

339
562
787

24

10
S20
X30

63.4
94.6
125.5

24.000

.250
.375
.500

23.500
23.250
23.000

3.012
2.948
2.883

282
468
660

282
467
654

NOTE: The above allowable working pressures are calculated from Fig. 17-23 using a reduction in tm to 87.5% of the wall thickness show
tolerance of 12.5%

OK)
ng Pressures for Piping
eum Refinery Piping Code
rosion allowance = 0.05

able working pressures for temperatures (in :F) not to exceed.


300

400

500

600

700

2258

2258

2134

1953

1863

1933
3451

1933
3451

1827
3261

1672
2985

1595
2847

2103
3468
5720
9534

2103
3468
5720
9534

1988
3277
5405
9010

1819
3000
4948
8247

1735
2861
4719
7866

1672
2777
4494
7228

1672
2777
4494
7228

1580
2625
4247
6831

1446
2402
3887
6253

1379
2291
3707
5963

1469
2488
4600
6284

1469
2488
4600
6284

1388
2351
4347
5939

1270
2152
3979
5436

1212
2053
3795
5185

1640
2552
4122
6089

1640
2552
4122
6089

1550
2412
3895
5754

1419
2207
3566
5267

1353
2105
3401
5024

1439
2275
3978
5307

1439
2275
3978
5307

1360
2150
3760
5015

1244
1968
3441
4590

1187
1877
3282
4378

1205
2062
3753
4659

1205
2062
3753
4659

1139
1948
3546
4403

1042
1783
3246
4030

994
1701
3097
3844

1098
1864
3554
3699

1098
1864
3554
3699

1037
1761
3359
3496

950
1612
3074
3200

906
1537
2932
3052

1022
1484
3736

1022
1484
3736

966
1403
3531

884
1284
3232

843
1224
3082

888
1245
3699

888
1245
3699

839
1177
3496

768
1077
3200

732
1027
3052

486
807
1132

486
807
1132

460
763
1069

421
698
979

401
666
934

425
705
987

425
705
987

402
666
933

368
609
854

351
581
815

377
625
876

377
625
876

357
591
828

326
541
757

311
516
722

339
562
787

339
562
787

321
531
743

293
486
680

280
464
649

282
467
654

282
467
654

267
442
618

244
404
565

233
386
539

m to 87.5% of the wall thickness shown above to recognize mill wall

FIG. 17-2
Gas Transmission
Code for Pressur
Carbon Steel and
(Values apply to A106, API 5LX pipe having th

All
Nom
Pipe
Size

O.D.

Type A. F = 0.72"
GR.B
35,000

(STD)
2.375

3.500
(STD)

Wall
Thk.

4.500
(STD)

6.625
(STD)

8.625
(STD)

.154
.218
.125
.156
.188
.216
.250
.281
.300
.125
.156
.188
.219
.237
.250
.281
.312
.337
.156
.188
.219
.250
.280
.312
.375
.132
.156
.188
.203
.219
.250
.277

3268
4626
1800
2246
2707
3110
3600
4046
4320
1400
1747
2105
2453
2654
2800
3147
3494
3774
1187
1429
1666
1902
2130
2373
2853
3287
912
1098
1186
1280
1461
1618

42,000

1680
2097
2526
2943
3185
3360
3776
4193
4530
1424
1716
2000
2282
2556
2848
3424
3943
1094
1318
1424
1535
1753
1942

46,000

1840
2296
2767
3223
3488
3680
4136
4593
4961
1560
1880
2190
2500
2799
3120
3750
4319
1198
1444
1559
1681
1920
2128

Type B. F = 0

52,000

1763
2124
2475
2826
3164
3527
4237
4883
1354
1632
1762
1901
2170
2405

60,000

GR.B
35,000
2723
3855
1500
1872
2256
2592
3000
3372
3600
1167
1456
1754
2044
2212
2333
2623
2912
3145
989
1192
1388
1585
1775
1978
2377
2739
760
915
989
1067
1217
1349

8.625
(STD)

10

10.750
(STD)

12

12.750
(STD)

.312
.322
.344
.375
.438
.500
.188
.203
.219
.250
.279
.307
.344
.365
.438
.500
.188
.203
.219
.250
.281
.312
.330
.344
.375
.406
.438
.500

1823
1882
2011
2191
2560
2922
881
959
1026
1172
1309
1440
1613
1711
2054
2344
743
803
866
988
1111
1233
1305
1359
1482
1606
1732
1976

2189
2258
2412
2628
3071
3506
1058
1143
1231
1407
1570
1728
1935
2054
2464
2813
892
963
1039
1186
1332
1480
1566
1631
1779
1926
2077
2372

2398
2473
2642
2880
3364
3840
1158
1251
1348
1540
1719
1892
2120
2249
2700
3081
977
1055
1138
1299
1460
1620
1715
1786
1948
2110
2275
2598

2709
2796
2988
3256
3803
4341
1310
1415
1525
1741
1944
2138
2396
2542
3051
3483
1104
1193
1287
1468
1651
1832
1939
2020
2202
2385
2572
2936

1520
1568
1676
1826
2133
2435
733
794
855
977
1091
1200
1344
1426
1712
1953
619
669
722
824
926
1028
1088
1133
1235
1338
1443
1647
Type A construction also applicable to "Liquid

FIG. 17-27 (GPSA BOOK)


Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping
Code for Pressure Piping ANSI B31.8-1982
Carbon Steel and High Yield Strength Pipe
API 5LX pipe having the same specified minimum yield strength as shown)
Allowable Working Pressures up to 250:F, in psig
Construction type Design Factors
Type B. F = 0.60
42,000

1400
1747
2105
2453
2654
2800
3147
3494
3775
1187
1430
1666
1902
2130
2374
2853
3286
912
1098
1186
1280
1461
1618

46,000

1533
1913
2306
2686
2907
3067
3447
3827
4134
1300
1567
1825
2083
2333
2600
3125
3599
998
1203
1299
1401
1600
1773

Type C. F = 0.50

52,000

1469
1770
2063
2355
2637
2933
3531
4069
1128
1360
1469
1584
1809
2004

60,000

GR.B
35,000
2270
3213
1250
1560
1880
2160
2500
2810
3000
973
1214
1462
1704
1844
1945
2186
2427
2621
824
993
1157
1321
1479
1649
1981
2283
633
763
824
889
1014
1124

42,000

1167
1456
1755
2044
2212
2333
2622
2912
3146
989
1192
1389
1585
1775
1978
2378
2738
760
915
989
1067
1217
1349

46,000

1278
1595
1922
2239
2423
2556
2873
3190
3445
1083
1306
1521
1736
1944
2167
2604
3000
832
1003
1083
1168
1333
1478

52,000

1224
1475
1719
1963
2198
2449
2943
3391
940
1133
1224
1320
1507
1670

60,000

1823
1997
2258
1266
1520
1664
1882
2061
2329
1307
1568
1717
2011
2202
2490
1396
1676
1835
2191
2399
2713
1521
1826
1999
2560
2804
3170
1778
2133
2336
2922
3200
3617
2029
2435
2667
881
965
1091
612
735
804
952
1043
1179
661
794
869
1026
1124
1271
713
855
936
1172
1284
1451
814
977
1070
1309
1433
1620
909
1091
1194
1440
1577
1782
1000
1200
1314
1613
1767
1997
1120
1344
1473
1711
1874
2119
1188
1426
1562
2054
2250
2543
1426
1712
1875
2344
2567
2902
1628
1953
2140
743
814
920
516
619
678
803
879
995
558
669
733
866
948
1073
601
722
790
988
1082
1224
686
824
902
1111
1217
1376
771
926
1014
1233
1350
1527
856
1028
1125
1305
1430
1616
906
1088
1191
1359
1488
1683
944
1133
1240
1482
1624
1835
1029
1235
1353
1606
1758
1988
1115
1338
1465
1732
1896
2144
1203
1443
1580
1976
2165
2447
1373
1647
1804
struction also applicable to "Liquid Petroloum Transportation Piping Code." ANSI B31.4-1979

1881
1941
2075
2261
2641
3014
909
983
1059
1209
1350
1486
1664
1766
2119
2419
767
829
894
1020
1146
1273
1346
1403
1529
1656
1786
2039

as shown)

Type D.F = 0.40


GR.B
35,000
1816
2570
1000
1248
1504
1728
2000
2248
2400
778
971
1170
1363
1475
1556
1748
1941
2097
659
794
926
1057
1183
1319
1585
1826
506
610
659
711
812
899

42,000

933
1165
1404
1635
1770
1869
2098
2330
2516
791
954
1111
1268
1420
1582
1902
2191
608
732
791
853
974
1079

46,000

1022
1276
1537
1791
1938
2044
2298
2552
2756
866
1044
1216
1389
1555
1733
2083
2400
666
802
866
934
1067
1182

52,000

980
1180
1375
1570
1758
1959
2354
2713
752
907
979
1056
1206
1336

60,000

1013
1045
1117
1217
1422
1623
490
529
570
651
727
800
896
951
1141
1302
413
446
481
549
617
685
725
755
824
892
962
1098

1216
1254
1340
1460
1706
1948
588
635
684
781
872
960
1075
1141
1369
1563
495
535
577
659
740
822
870
906
988
1070
1154
1318

1331
1374
1468
1599
1869
2133
644
695
749
856
955
1051
1178
1249
1500
1712
543
586
632
722
811
900
953
992
1082
1172
1264
1443

1505
1553
1660
1808
2113
2412
728
786
847
967
1080
1189
1331
1412
1695
1935
613
663
715
816
917
1018
1077
1122
1224
1325
1429
1631

FIG. 17-27 (C
Gas Transmission

A
Nom Pipe
Size

16

20

24

O.D.

Type A.F = 0.72"

Wall Thk.
GR.B
35,000

Type B.F = 0

42,000

46,000

52,000

60,000

GR.B
35,000

16.000
(STD)

.219
.250
.281
.312
.344
.375
.438
.500
.625

689
786
886
982
1084
1181
1379
1575
1969

828
945
1063
1179
1300
1418
1655
1890
2363

905
1035
1164
1291
1424
1553
1813
2070
2588

1024
1170
1316
1460
1609
1755
2049
2340
2925

1183
1350
1518
1685
1858
2025
2365
2700
3375

575
656
738
818
903
984
1149
1313
1641

(STD)
20.000

.250
.281
.312
.344
.375
.406
.438
.500
.625
.750

630
709
786
867
945
1023
1103
1260
1575
1890

756
851
943
1040
1134
1228
1324
1512
1890
2268

828
931
1033
1139
1242
1345
1450
1656
2070
2484

936
1053
1168
1289
1404
1520
1639
1872
2340
2808

1080
1214
1348
1486
1620
1754
1892
2160
2700
3240

525
591
656
723
788
853
919
1050
1313
1575

(STD)
24.000

.281
.312
.344
.375
.406
.438
.500
.625
.750

590
655
722
788
853
919
1050
1312
1575

709
786
866
945
1024
1103
1260
1575
1890

776
861
949
1035
1121
1208
1380
1725
2070

877
973
1073
1170
1267
1366
1560
1950
2340

1012
1123
1238
1350
1462
1577
1800
2250
2700

492
547
602
656
711
766
875
1094
1313

26

30

26.000
(STD)

.281
.312
.344
.375
.406
.438
.500
.625
.750

545
604
667
726
787
848
969
1211
1454

654
727
800
872
945
1018
1163
1454
1745

717
796
876
955
1035
1115
1274
1592
1911

810
900
990
1080
1170
1260
1440
1800
2160

934
1037
1143
1246
1349
1456
1662
2077
2492

454
503
556
606
656
707
808
1010
1212

(STD)
30.000

.312
.344
.375
.406
.438
.500
.625
.750

525
578
630
682
735
840
1050
1260

630
693
756
819
882
1008
1260
1512

690
759
828
897
966
1104
1380
1656

780
858
936
1014
1092
1248
1560
1872

899
991
1080
1169
1261
1440
1800
2160

438
482
525
568
612
700
875
1050

*Type A Construction also applicable to "Liquid Petroleum Transport Piping Code,"ANSI B31.4-1979
Notes : 1. All dimensions are in inches
2. See Fig. 17-24

FIG. 17-27 (Cont'd) (GPSA BOOK)


Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping
Allowable Working Pressures up to 250:F. in psig
Construction Type Design Factors
Type B.F = 0.60
Type C.F = 0.50
GR.B
42,000
46,000
52,000
60,000
35,000
42,000
46,000
52,000

60,000

689
788
886
982
1084
1181
1379
1575
1969

755
863
970
1076
1187
1294
1511
1725
2157

854
975
1097
1217
1341
1463
1707
1950
2438

986
1125
1265
1404
1548
1688
1971
2250
2812

479
547
615
682
753
820
958
1094
1368

575
656
738
819
903
984
1149
1313
1641

629
719
809
896
989
1078
1259
1438
1796

711
813
914
1014
1118
1219
1423
1625
2031

822
938
1054
1170
1290
1407
1643
1875
2344

630
709
786
868
945
1023
1103
1260
1575
1890

690
776
861
950
1035
1121
1208
1380
1725
2070

780
878
973
1074
1170
1267
1366
1560
1950
2340

900
1012
1123
1238
1350
1462
1577
1800
2250
2700

438
492
547
603
656
710
766
875
1094
1313

525
591
656
723
788
853
919
1050
1313
1575

575
647
719
791
863
934
1007
1150
1438
1725

650
731
813
895
975
1056
1138
1300
1625
1950

750
843
936
1032
1125
1218
1314
1500
1875
2250

591
656
722
788
853
919
1050
1313
1575

647
719
791
862
935
1006
1150
1437
1725

731
812
894
975
1056
1138
1300
1625
1950

843
936
1032
1125
1218
1314
1500
1875
2250

410
456
502
547
592
638
729
911
1094

492
547
602
656
711
766
875
1094
1313

539
599
659
719
779
839
958
1198
1438

609
677
745
813
880
948
1083
1354
1625

703
780
860
938
1015
1095
1250
1563
1875

31.4-1979

545
604
666
727
787
848
969
1212
1454

597
663
730
796
863
929
1062
1327
1592

675
750
825
900
975
1050
1200
1500
1800

778
864
953
1039
1124
1213
1385
1731
2077

379
421
463
505
547
589
673
841
1010

454
505
555
606
656
707
808
1010
1212

498
553
606
663
719
774
885
1106
1327

563
625
688
750
813
875
1000
1250
1500

649
720
794
866
937
1011
1154
1442
1731

525
577
630
682
735
840
1050
1260

575
632
690
747
805
920
1150
1380

650
715
780
845
910
1040
1300
1560

749
826
900
974
1051
1200
1500
1800

365
401
437
474
510
583
729
875

438
481
525
569
612
700
875
1050

479
527
575
623
671
767
958
1150

542
596
650
704
758
867
1083
1300

624
688
750
812
876
1000
1250
1500

Type D.F = 0.40


GR.B
35,000

42,000

46,000

52,000

60,000

383
438
492
546
602
656
766
875
1094

460
525
591
655
722
788
919
1050
1313

503
575
647
717
791
863
1007
1150
1438

569
650
731
811
894
975
1138
1300
1625

657
750
843
936
1032
1125
1314
1500
1875

350
394
438
482
525
568
613
700
875
1050

420
473
525
578
630
682
735
840
1050
1260

460
518
575
633
690
747
805
920
1150
1380

520
585
650
716
780
844
910
1040
1300
1560

600
674
749
826
900
974
1051
1200
1500
1800

328
365
401
438
474
510
583
729
875

394
438
481
525
569
613
700
875
1050

431
479
527
575
623
671
767
958
1150

487
542
596
650
704
758
867
1083
1300

562
624
688
750
812
876
1000
1250
1500

303
337
370
404
437
471
538
673
808

363
404
444
485
525
565
646
808
969

398
442
487
531
575
619
708
885
1062

450
500
550
600
650
700
800
1000
1200

519
576
635
692
750
809
923
1154
1385

292
321
350
379
408
467
583
700

350
385
420
455
490
560
700
840

383
422
460
498
537
613
767
920

433
477
520
563
607
693
867
1040

499
550
600
650
701
800
1000
1200

Fig. 17-28 (GPSA BOOK)


Pressure- Temperature Ratings for Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings from ANSI B16.5-1981
CLASS

150

300

Material Group 1.1

400

600

(Carbon Steel)

900

1500

2500

A105 (1)(3), A216-WCB(1), A515-70(1)


A516-70 (1)
A350-LF2, A537-C1.1

Pressures are in pounds per square inch, gauge (psig)

:F
-20 to 100
200
300
400

285
260
230
200

740
675
655
635

990
900
875
845

1480
1350
1315
1270

2220
2025
1970
1900

3705
3375
3280
3170

6170
5625
5470
5280

500
600
650
700

170
140
125
110

600
550
535
535

800
730
715
710

1200
1095
1075
1065

1795
1640
1610
1600

2995
2735
2685
2665

4990
4560
4475
4440

750
800
850
900

95
80
65
50

505
410
270
170

670
550
355
230

1010
825
535
345

1510
1235
805
515

2520
2060
1340
860

4200
3430
2230
1430

950
1000

35
20

105
50

140
70

205
105

310
155

515
260

860
430

Material Group 2.1

(Type 304)

A182-F304 (5), A182-F304H


A240-304 (5)(6), A351-CF8 (5)
A351-CF3

-20 to 100
200
300
400

275
235
205
180

720
600
530
470

960
800
705
630

1440
1200
1055
940

2160
1800
1585
1410

3600
3000
2640
2350

6000
5000
4400
3920

500
600
700

170
140
110

435
415
405

585
555
540

875
830
805

1310
1245
1210

2185
2075
2015

3640
3460
3360

800
850
900

80
65
50

395
390
385

525
520
510

790
780
770

1180
1165
1150

1970
1945
1920

3280
3240
3200

950
1000
1050
1100
1150
1200
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1500
Notes:

35
20

375
325
310
260
195
155
110
85
60
50
35
25

500
430
410
345
260
205
145
110
85
65
45
30

750
645
620
515
390
310
220
165
125
90
70
50

1125
965
925
770
585
465
330
245
185
145
105
70

1870
1610
1545
1285
980
770
550
410
310
240
170
120

3120
2685
2570
2145
1630
1285
915
685
515
400
285
200

(a) Permissible but not recommended for prolonged use above 800:F
(d) Not to be used over 650:F
(f) Not to be used over 800:F
(g) Not to be used over 850:F
(h) Not to be used over 1000:F
Additional Notes:
(1) Upon prolonged exposure to temperatures above about 800:F (425:C), the carbide phase of carbonsteel
may be converted to graphite
(3) Only killed steel shall be used above 850:F (455:C)
(5) At temperatures over 1000:F (540:C), use only when the carbon content is 0.04 percent or higher
(6) For temperatures above 1000:F (540:F), use only if the material is heat treated by heating it to a
temperature of at least 1900:F (1040:C) and quenching in water or rapidly cooling by other means.

s from ANSI B16.5-1981


See Notes
(a) (h)
(a) (g)
(d)

uge (psig)

H
(5)

(f)

hase of carbonsteel

nt or higher
ating it to a
other means.