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# Lewis Ma

Q.

## A 60 mole % methanol, 20 mole % ethanol, 20 mole % i-propanol mixture is to be fractiona

99 mole % methanol. Assume ideal behavoir of the mixture. The data required is given belo
Reflux ratio (R) = 3, Feed = 100 moles / hr. Calculate number of stages.
All streams are saturated liquids.
Input Data:
R=
% of lighter fraction in distillate
Component
Feed
MeOH LK
EtOH HK
I-ProH
Total ----------

60
20
20
100

L, liquid rate =

180 moles/hr

L=R*D

V, vapour rate =

240 moles/hr

V = L+D

3
=

99%
Distillate di xid
1.68
1
0.45

fLK / fHK

F * xLK / F * xHK

( xLK / xHK)Feed

59.4
0.6
0
60

0.99
0.01
0

## Design equations used :

Rectifying section :
Material balance :

Vn,i= ln-1,i + di

Equilibrium :

## ln,i= (L(vn,i/)/ ((vn,i/)

Material balance :

l'm+1,i= v'm,i+ bi

Equilibrium :

## v'mi= V' * ( i * bi/ i *

Striiping Section:

## Calculations for rectifying stages :

Stages iteration
Component
di
i
MeoH
59.4
EtoH
0.6
I- Propanol
0
Desired to locate the Feed plate

1
vi,1
1.68
1
0.45

237.6
2.4
0
240

vi,1 /
141.4286
2.4
0
143.8286

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = (Desired)

3
7
vi,7
224.952937
15.0470635
0
240

## Desired to locate the Feed plate

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = (Desired)

vi,7 /
133.9006
15.04706
0
148.9476

3.086847

12 Stage

## Calculation for the Stripping Section:

L' =

280 moles/ hr

V' = V =

240 moles/ hr

Equlibrium equation :
Stages iteration
Component
bi
MeoH
EtoH
I- Propanol
Desired to locate the Feed plate
Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = (Desired)

## Desired to locate the Feed plate

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = (Desired)

i
0.6
19.4
20
3

1.68
1
0.45

L' = L + F

vi,n' =

## V' * (i * li,n-1'/i * li,n

bi * i

vi,1
8.226333
158.3243
73.4494
240

1.008
19.4
9
29.408

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = (Desired)

## As the desired l LK / l HK for Stage =

So, the Feed stage from the bottom is =

3.05297537
13

stage

Result :
Number of plates in enriching section =
Number of plates in stripping section =
Feed plate =
Reboiler =
Total -----------------------

11
12
1
1
25 Stages

## Lewis Matheson Method

mixture is to be fractionated to produce a distillate containing 99% of the methanol in the feed and having a purity of
data required is given below.

Bottoms, bi xib
0.6
19.4
20
40

0.015
0.485
0.5

Vn,i= ln-1,i + di
ln,i= (L(vn,i/)/ ((vn,i/)))
l'm+1,i= v'm,i+ bi
v'mi= V' * ( i * bi/ i * bi)

2
li,1
vi,2
176.996424 236.3964
3.00357569 3.603576
0
0
180
240

3
vi,2 /
li,2
vi,3
140.7122 175.5054 234.9054
3.603576 4.494615 5.094615
0
0
0
144.3157
180
240

4
vi,3 /
li,3
vi,4
139.8246 173.6721 233.0721
5.094615 6.327873 6.927873
0
0
0
144.9192
180
240

vi,4 /
138.7334
6.927873
0
145.6613

58.9285714

39.04793

27.44558

10

li,7
vi,8
161.815947 221.2159
18.1840529 18.78405
0
0
180
240
8.89878332

vi,8 /
li,8
vi,9
131.6762 157.5281 216.9281
18.78405 22.47192 23.07192
0
0
0
150.4602
180
240
7.009997

vi,9 /
li,9
vi,10
129.1239 152.7131 212.1131
23.07192 27.28686 27.88686
0
0
0
152.1958
180
240
5.596581

is the

vi,10 /
126.2578
27.88686
0
154.1447

12 Iteration stage

## V' * (i * li,n-1'/i * li,n-1')

1
l,i1'
i * li,1'
8.82633297 14.82824
177.724266 177.7243
93.4494015 42.05223
280 234.6047
0.04966307

2
vi,1'
15.16925
181.8114
43.01932
240

6
li,6'
74.7649734
172.706489
32.5285373
280
0.43290194

11
li,11'
172.18433
79.4288349
28.3868354
280

li,2'
15.76925
201.2114
63.01932
280
0.078372

3
i * li,2'
26.49234
201.2114
28.35869
256.0625

vi,2'
24.83051
188.5897
26.57979
240

7
i * li,6'
125.6052
172.7065
14.63784
312.9495

vi,6'
96.32621
132.4481
11.22572
240

i * li,11'
289.2697
79.42883
12.77408
381.4726

vi,11'
181.9914
49.97193
8.036693
240

li,7'
96.92621
151.8481
31.22572
280
0.63831

12
li,12'
182.5914
69.37193
28.03669
280

li,3'
25.43051
207.9897
46.57979
280
0.122268

i * li,3'
42.72325
207.9897
20.9609
271.6739

vi,3'
37.74224
183.7406
18.51712
240

i * li,8'
200.7292
130.2597
13.61638
344.6053

vi,8'
139.7977
90.71923
9.483116
240

i * li,13'
319.1703
62.22857
12.50511
393.9039

vi,13'
194.4658
37.91497
7.619184
240

8
i * li,7'
162.836
151.8481
14.05157
328.7357

vi,7'
118.8817
110.8597
10.25863
240

i * li,12'
306.7535
69.37193
12.61651
388.742

vi,12'
189.3823
42.82857
7.789133
240

li,8'
119.4817
130.2597
30.25863
280
0.917257

13
li,13'
189.9823
62.22857
27.78913
280

2.16778113

2.632064

3.052975

g a purity of

5
li,4
vi,5
171.4389 230.8389
8.561075 9.161075
0
0
180
240

6
vi,5 /
li,5
vi,6
vi,6 /
li,6
137.4041 168.7491 228.1491 135.803 165.5529
9.161075 11.25092 11.85092 11.85092 14.44706
0
0
0
0
0
146.5652
180
240 147.6539
180

20.0254

14.99869

11.45928

11

12

13

li,10
vi,11
147.4356 206.8356
32.56444 33.16444
0
0
180
240
4.527502

vi,11 / li,11
vi,12
123.1164 141.8021 201.2021
33.16444 38.19789 38.79789
0
0
0
156.2808
180
240
3.712302

vi,12 / li,12
vi, 13
119.7632 135.9563 195.3563
38.79789 44.04373 44.64373
0
0
0
158.5611
180
240
3.086847

4
li,4'
38.34224
203.1406
38.51712
280
0.188747

5
i * li,4'
64.41497
203.1406
17.3327
284.8883

vi,4'
54.26545
171.1329
14.60168
240

9
li,9'
140.3977
110.1192
29.48312
280
1.27496

14
li,14'
195.0658
57.31497
27.61918
280

li,5'
54.86545
190.5329
34.60168
280
0.287958

i * li,5'
92.17395
190.5329
15.57076
298.2776

vi,5'
74.16497
153.3065
12.52854
240

i * li,10'
265.7283
92.96512
12.98848
371.6819

vi,10'
171.5843
60.02883
8.386835
240

10
i * li,9'
235.8681
110.1192
13.2674
359.2547

vi,9'
157.5716
73.56512
8.863285
240

i * li,14'
327.7106
57.31497
12.42863
397.4542

vi,14'
197.8858
34.60925
7.504944
240

li,10'
158.1716
92.96512
28.86328
280
1.701408

vi, 13 / li, 13
116.2835 130.0652
44.64373 49.93482
0
0
160.9272
180
2.604699

3.403401

Q.

Calculate the number of stages using the lewis- Matheson method for the
separation of a multicomponent mixture, the data of which are given below :
Distillate = 38.5 moles/hr, Bottom 61.5 moles/hr, Feed = 100 moles / hr, R = 1.722
All streams are saturated liquids.
Input Data:
R=
1.722
% of lighter fraction in distillate
=
Component
Feed

Methane
5
7.356
Ethane (LK)
35
2.091
Propylene (HK)
15
1
Propane
20
0.901
i-Butane
10
0.507
n-Butane
15
0.408
Total ---------100
L, liquid rate =

xid

5.005
31.955
0.9625
0.5775
0
0
38.5

0.13
0.83
0.025
0.015
0
0
1

66.297

moles/hr

L=R*D

## V, vapour rate = 104.797

moles/hr

V = L+D

fLK / fHK

2.333333

= F * xLK / F * xHK

2.333333

( xLK / xHK)Feed

2.333333

99%
Distillate di

## Design equations used :

Rectifying section :
Material balance :

Vn,i= ln-1,i + di

Equilibrium :

## ln,i= (L(vn,i/)/ ((vn,i/)))

Material balance :

l'm+1,i= v'm,i+ bi

Equilibrium :

## v'ri= V' * ( i * bi/ i * bi)

Striiping Section:

## Calculations for rectifying stages :

Stages iteration
Component
di
i
Methane
5.005
7.356

1
vi,1
13.62361

vi,1 /
1.852041

Ethane (LK)
31.955
Propylene (HK) 0.9625
Propane
0.5775
i-Butane
0
n-Butane
0
Desired to locate the Feed plate
Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk =2.333333
(Desired)

2.091
1
0.901
0.507
0.408

86.98151
2.619925
1.571955
0
0
104.797

41.59804
2.619925
1.744678
0
0
47.81469

7
vi,7
5.846657669
68.4719458
15.46256422
15.01583231
0
0
104.797

## Desired to locate the Feed plate

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = 2.333333
(Desired)

## As the desired l LK / l HK for Stage =

So, the Feed stage from the top is =

vi,7 /
0.794815
32.74603
15.46256
16.66574
0
0
65.66915

2.518399
Stages

## Calculation for the Stripping Section:

L' =

166.297 moles/ hr

V' = V =

104.797 moles/ hr

Equlibrium equation :
Stages iteration
Component
bi
Methane
0
Ethane (LK)
3.075
Propylene (HK) 14.022
Propane
19.434
i-Butane
9.963
n-Butane
15.006
Desired to locate the Feed plate
Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk =2.333333
(Desired)

L' = L + F

vi,n' =
i
7.356
2.091
1
0.901
0.507
0.408

bi * i
0
6.429825
14.022
17.510034
5.051241
6.122448
49.135548

vi,1
0
13.71362
29.90632
37.34565
10.77336
13.05804
104.797

## Desired to locate the Feed plate

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = 2.333333
(Desired)

## Desired to locate the Feed plate

Iteration Check
Iteration
for lLK
Check
/ l Hkfor
= (Desired)
lLK / l Hk = 2.333333
(Desired)

## As the desired l LK / l HK for Stage =

So, the Feed stage from the bottom is =

2.342620632
7

stage

5
6
1
1
13

Stages

Result :
Number of plates in enriching section =
Number of plates in stripping section =
Feed plate =
Reboiler =
Total -----------------------

## son method for the

which are given below :
d = 100 moles / hr, R = 1.722

Bottoms, bi
0
3.075
14.022
19.434
9.963
15.006
61.5

xib
0
0.05
0.228
0.316
0.162
0.244
1

Vn,i= ln-1,i + di
ln,i= (L(vn,i/)/ ((vn,i/)))
l'm+1,i= v'm,i+ bi
v'ri= V' * ( i * bi/ i * bi)

## for reboiler stage

2
li,1
vi,2
vi,2 /
2.567929141 7.572929 1.02949

3
4
li,2
vi,3
vi,3 /
li,3
vi,4
vi,4 /
1.317195 6.322195 0.859461 1.044035 6.049035 0.822327

## 57.67737193 89.63237 42.86579 54.84523 86.80023 41.51135 50.42615 82.38115 39.39797

3.632632069 4.595132 4.595132 5.879305 6.841805 6.841805 8.311123 9.273623 9.273623
2.419066861 2.996567 3.325823 4.255271 4.832771 5.363785 6.51569 7.09319 7.872574
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
66.297
104.797 51.81624 66.297
104.797 54.5764
66.297
104.797 57.36649
15.87757054
9.328522
6.067309
8

10

li,7
vi,8
vi,8 /
li,8
vi,9
vi,9 /
li,9
vi,10
vi,10 /
0.802413891 5.807414 0.78948 0.772326 5.777326 0.78539 0.750256 5.755256 0.782389
33.05910791 65.01411 31.09235 30.41679 62.37179 29.82869 28.49435 60.44935 28.9093
15.61039922 16.5729 16.5729 16.21281 17.17531 17.17531 16.407
17.3695 17.3695
16.82507899 17.40258 19.31474 18.89507 19.47257 21.61218 20.64539 21.22289 23.55482
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
66.297
104.797 67.76947 66.297
104.797 69.40157 66.297
104.797 70.61601
2.117761849
1.876096
1.736719

is the

6 Iteration stages

## V' * (i * li,n-1'/i * li,n-1')

1
l,i1'
i * li,1'
0
0
16.78862278 35.10501
43.92832228 43.92832
56.77965112 51.15847
20.7363591 10.51333
28.06404472 11.45013
166.297
152.1553
0.382182198

## for remaining stages

2
vi,1'
li,2'
0
0
24.17859 27.25359
30.25565 44.27765
35.23541 54.66941
7.241063 17.20406
7.886282 22.89228
104.797 166.297
0.615516

6
li,6'
0

3
i * li,2'
0
56.98726
44.27765
49.25714
8.72246
9.340051
168.5846

vi,2'
0
35.42491
27.52426
30.61965
5.422131
5.806044
104.797

li,3'
0
38.49991
41.54626
50.05365
15.38513
20.81204
166.297
0.926676

i * li,7'
0

vi,7'
0

li,8'
0

7
i * li,6'
0

vi,6'
0

li,7'
0

i * li,3'
0
80.50332
41.54626
45.09834
7.800262
8.491314
183.4395

vi,3'
0
45.99068
23.73493
25.76419
4.456205
4.850996
104.797

i * li,8'
0

vi,8'
0

64.2560805
31.31573622
38.20603732
13.52105012
18.99809584
166.297
2.051878329

11
li,11'
0
74.91346692
26.34823262
33.50918453
13.02334717
18.50276875
166.297
2.843206525

134.3595
31.31574
34.42364
6.855172
7.751223
214.7052

65.58046
15.28512
16.80208
3.34599
3.783349
104.797

i * li,11'
0
156.6441
26.34823
30.19178
6.602837
7.54913
227.336

vi,11'
0
72.20953
12.14597
13.91776
3.043765
3.479986
104.797

68.65546
29.30712
36.23608
13.30899
18.78935
166.297
2.342621

12
li,12'
0
75.28453
26.16797
33.35176
13.00677
18.48599
166.297
2.876973

143.5586
29.30712
32.64871
6.747658
7.666055
219.9281

68.40648
13.96501
15.55729
3.215297
3.652919
104.797

i * li,12'
0
157.4199
26.16797
30.04993
6.59443
7.542282
227.7746

vi,12'
0
72.42748
12.03964
13.8257
3.034037
3.470135
104.797

71.48148
27.98701
34.99129
13.1783
18.65892
166.297
2.554095

13
li,13'
0
75.50248
26.06164
33.2597
12.99704
18.47614
166.297
2.897073

149.4678
27.98701
31.52716
6.681397
7.612839
223.2762

70.15426
13.13599
14.7976
3.135983
3.573165
104.797

i * li,13'
0
157.8757
26.06164
29.96699
6.589498
7.538263
228.0321

vi,13'
0
72.55514
11.97718
13.77197
3.028344
3.464369
104.797

5
li,4
vi,5
vi,5 /
0.950342 5.955342 0.80959

6
li,5
vi,6
vi,6 /
li,6
0.890325 5.895325 0.801431 0.841658

## 45.53123 77.48623 37.05702 40.75246 72.70746 34.77162 36.51695

10.71729 11.67979 11.67979 12.84454 13.80704 13.80704 14.50006
9.098134 9.675634 10.73877 11.80968 12.38718 13.74825 14.43833
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
66.297
104.797 60.28518 66.297
104.797 63.12834 66.297
4.24839
3.172747
2.518399
11
li,10
0.734537
27.14115
16.30715
22.11416
0
0
66.297
1.664372

vi,11
5.739537
59.09615
17.26965
22.69166
0
0
104.797

12
vi,11 /
0.780252
28.26215
17.26965
25.18498
0
0
71.49702

li,11
0.723504
26.20662
16.01361
23.35326
0
0
66.297
1.636521

4
li,4'
0
49.06568
37.75693
45.19819
14.41921
19.857
166.297
1.299515

vi,12
5.728504
58.16162
16.97611
23.93076
0
0
104.797

vi,12 /
0.778753
27.81522
16.97611
26.56022
0
0
72.13031

i * li,5'
0
120.8484
34.15958
37.0796
7.028064
7.885416
207.001

vi,5'
0
61.18108
17.29374
18.77204
3.55805
3.992096
104.797

i * li,10'
0

vi,10'
0

5
i * li,4'
0
102.5963
37.75693
40.72357
7.310537
8.101654
196.489

vi,4'
0
54.71953
20.13758
21.71983
3.899059
4.321
104.797

li,5'
0
57.79453
34.15958
41.15383
13.86206
19.327
166.297
1.691898

i * li,9'
0

vi,9'
0

li,10'
0

9
li,9'
0

13

10

li,12
0.715774
25.56575
15.60323
24.41225
0
0
66.297
1.638492

vi, 13
5.720774
57.52075
16.56573
24.98975
0
0
104.797

vi, 13 /
0.777702
27.50873
16.56573
27.73557
0
0
72.58773

73.22926
27.15799
34.2316
13.09898
18.57917
166.297
2.696416

14
li,14'
0
75.63014
25.99918
33.20597
12.99134
18.47037
166.297
2.908943

153.1224
27.15799
30.84267
6.641184
7.580299
225.3445

71.20992
12.62989
14.34346
3.088498
3.525236
104.797

i * li,14'
0
158.1426
25.99918
29.91858
6.586611
7.535911
228.1829

vi,14'
0
72.62977
11.94058
13.74063
3.025017
3.460999
104.797

74.28492
26.65189
33.77746
13.0515
18.53124
166.297
2.787229

155.3298
26.65189
30.43349
6.61711
7.560744
226.593

71.83847
12.32623
14.07518
3.060347
3.496769
104.797

li, 13
0.710303
25.12472
15.13008
25.3319
0
0
66.297
1.660581