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Extent Pakistan 4th most prone country of the world.

ld. Reuters October 2005 earthquake, 46m people were affected o 1600 dead, 13.8m homeless Flood July 2010: o 20m people affected o 1/5th of total land (17m acres of fertile land submerged) o crop damage of Rs525bn o 0.2m cattle dead o Many roads washed away o Bridges completely destroyed o Many villages completely destroyed o Pushed country 50 years back in term of infrastructure o Property infrastructure loss $35bn o No of people affected by flood exceed the combined total of Tsunami 2004 affected o *$43bn, 1781 dead Awaran 2013, 825 people killed, hundreds injured, -issues: shelter, health etc Only ad hoc & piecemeal measures *Emergency Relief Cell-1974 * Pakistan Emergency Service Ordinance and the Pakistan Emergency Fire Code in 2002(Shaheed e Millat
17-Storey Secretariat Islamabad)

NDMA: 2007 o Couldnt evolve any system to predict flood nor any preventive measures to manage destruction of floods o Mitigation, response, recovery, preparedness Terrorism cost about 50,000 lives, IDPs and a massive property loss Begets various socio-economic and psychological issues: shelter, health, food etc Causes o Misappropriate funds allocation and utilization o Corruption and nepotism o Lack of capacity & modern equipment to cope up with disasters o Reactive rather than proactive response o Lack of coordination among donors and DMAs o Lack of political will: Presidents visit to UK & France during floods of 2010 etc Suggestions Take pre-disaster measures: shock proof buildings, strengthen river banks with help of water department Strategy should be inclusive, participatory, gender sensitive, child friendly, eco-friendly and disabled friendly Training: theortical & practical on army footing

Simulation exercises, mock drills and scenario analysis as army does in peace time Economic autonomy so that enough funds that are timely available Strict accountability mechanism to check corruption Ensuring merit in induction Equip with latest accouter Disaster management should be made a part of school curriculum and compulsive training for university students Government, NGOs and civil society coordination for rehabilitation and disaster management Major dams shouldnt be politicized and be built to avoid devastating floods in future Media should play role to educate masses on disaster management China model: three Gorges Dam on Yangtze River US Model: Authority similar to NDMA employment, health, education, housing, agriculture for rehabilitation

Federal Emergency Management Agency

Dr Sattar, Our culture of being prepared for the worst has suffered a great deal, which has to be revived and made more efficient