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Graphmatica for Windows, version 2.0h ===================================== by Keith Hertzer - Copyright (c) 2011 kSoft, Inc. http://www.graphmatica.

com/ Sun 14 Aug 2011 Files in this archive: ---------------------README.TXT 19,719 REGISTER.TXT 2,074 REGISTER.RTF 3,372 Graphmatica.exe 446,976 Graphmatica.chm 149,287 CornuSpiral.GR 1,106 DATAPLOT.GR 1,035 DIFEQ.GR 512 FUNCTIONS.GR 546 GRAPHMAT.GR 1,188 IMPLICIT.GR 302 INEQUAL.GR 298 LOGLOG.GR 270 ODE2.GR 500 POLAR.GR 383 TRIG.GR 432 XYDEMO.GR 439

8/14/11 8/13/11 8/13/11 8/14/11 8/14/11 3/08/05 2/06/03 6/29/97 1/28/03 8/07/95 1/29/03 12/29/96 8/07/95 11/02/03 8/07/95 8/07/95 8/07/95

-- this file -- registration form (ASCII text) -- registration form (WordPad/Word) -- program file -- help file/complete documentation \ | | | | |_ demonstration equation | list files | | | | /

Graphmatica can also make use of the file GRAPHMAT.INI to store setup information, but I have not included one since if it is not found Graphmatica simply uses its own default settings. See the help file for information on the setup file. System Requirements: -------------------Graphmatica for Win32 requires one of the following operating systems: Windows 7 Windows Vista Windows XP Windows 2000 Windows NT 3.51 or 4 Windows ME Windows 98 In addition, I've received reports that Graphmatica can be run on Debian Linux with Wine (the Windows emulator) installed. Graphmatica supports high-resolution (e.g. 1024x768) video modes, but at this time it uses at most 16 colors; it does not take advantage of 256-color video modes. A few features work best if you use a mouse or other pointing-device, but it is not required. Installing Graphmatica for Windows: ----------------------------------Run setup.exe. This will install the program, create icons, and set up your registry so that Graphmatica starts up when you double-click on a .GR file in Explorer. Un-Installing Graphmatica for Windows: --------------------------------------

Run the provided Uninstall icon. There may be a few trace files left in the installation direcory; you can just delete them. Graphmatica does not install files in any location other than the install directory. Documentation: -------------Currently, I have not formatted the documentation in a printable form. But Windows HTML Help will allow you to print the entire Help file in one shot if you so desire. Please take the time to browse through the help file before you start using Graphmatica, or you may never notice some of its more subtle advanced features. Be sure to read the first three sections, which give a general introduction, a map of the display, and basic instructions on how to enter equations to graph. Registering: -----------Graphmatica is Shareware. That means that you are free to share (unmodified) copies of it with your friends, colleagues, students, etc. However, the default license only allows a 30-day trial. To continue using Graphmatica past this time, you should register your copy. For a fee of $25, registered users can use the program indefinitely guilt-free, and will be notified of future upgrades (which may be downloaded for free or requested on disk for a nominal charge) in perpetuity. Site licenses and special student bulk licensing plans are available. Site license fees are $60 plus $2.50 for each copy in concurrent use. I can accept purchase orders for transactions over $100, but otherwise please try to write me a check. Please contact me if you are interested for more information. To register, print out and send in the form found in REGISTER.TXT (or REGISTER.RTF, in Rich Text [WordPad] Format). Or you can register online by credit card at http://www.graphmatica.com/order.html. See the last topic in the help file for information about Shareware. Shareware vendors may distribute the program freely provided they contact me first and charge less than $5 for disks/shipping/etc. and not for the program itself. How to get the latest version: -----------------------------The latest version of Graphmatica for Windows is available on a number of web sites on the Internet. For the very latest release, see the kSoft homepage: http://www.graphmatica.com/ How to contact me: -----------------You will receive the fastest reply to your inquiries by sending e-mail to ksoft@graphmatica.com. I can typically respond to quick questions within a day or two. I do NOT provide telephone support. Please don't try to get my number through directory assistance, as you will probably just bother my parents. Worst comes to worst, you can write me a letter and mail it to the address below. I promise I will respond to it, although I can't guarantee how long

it will take. kSoft, Inc. 345 Montecillo Dr. Walnut Creek, CA 94595-2654 [Please make checks payable to Keith Hertzer.] What's new in version 2.0h: =========================== 1. Improved visibility of single-point equations. Fixed "bad pointlist fetch" error that could occur when moving the mouse over them, too. 2. Disabled scrolling of point tables windows when drawing graphs; this speeds things up tremendously when using a very small custom increment. 3. Fixed bug which caused point evaluate results to show below many blank rows in the point tables if used immediately after clearing the tables. 4. Ensured that equations involving sqrt(f(y)) are evaluated over the correct domain. 5. Added support for fixed-increment (Cartesian and polar) graphs with the step rate specified in the domain. e.g. r = 2 {0, 2p, p/3} draws a hexagon 6. Fixed various bugs discovered during Mac OS X port: - Color-coded equation list printed wrong color for strict inequalities - Integal dialog closed instead of Tangent line dialog when equation for tangent line was deleted or hidden - Possible memory corruption after drawing equation with no points on screen - Possible random line drawing when grid range is changed so that tangent line is no longer visible - potential assertion failure due to "locked-on" equation not being cleared when equation deleted or new document loaded 7. Coefficients in curve-fit equations and large numbers in reloaded data plots are now computed/displayed with the number of significant figures specified in the Point Tables "Decimal places in calculated output" setting. This prevents equations potentially much worse than what the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm actually found (due to rounding to 2 sig figs) from being shown as the result for certain exponential/logistic form fits. What's new in version 2.0g: =========================== 1. Increased the maximum number of decimal places for point tables and other numerical calculations from 8 to 14. 2. Curve-fit equations now show the correlation coefficient "r" in addition to chi^2 value to help judge the quality of the fit. 3. Fixed crash on startup on some versions of Wine on Linux. 4. Derivative equations including the constant "pi" show "pi" instead of "p". 5. Improved formatting of derivatives of complicated equations by combining common terms and removing redundant terms in more cases. 6. Added the ability to customize the font used for printing equation lists. Also, fixed an issue where the default font on some printers was too small to be readable. 7. Fixed Point Evaluate processing of implicit functions with multiple solutions for a given x value; now, up to 5 y values are displayed. 8. Improved the accuracy of tangent line calculations for implicit functions. What's new in version 2.0f: =========================== 1. Fixed infinite loop parsing comma operator in domains and 2-variable functions when decimal separator is also set to ",". 2. Fixed crash graphing equations with free variables that have no on-screen solutions. 3. Added independently-settable font for bottom labels.

4. Graphs are now recalculated automatically upon changing the Theta Range. 5. The fraction characters , , and are now accepted in place of normal decimals (before they could cause an infinite loop in the equation parser). 6. The custom increment for point table spacing now works for polar graphs as well as cartesian and parametric. 7. Switched from WinHelp to HTML help format, which is supported on Vista. What's new in version 2.0e: =========================== 1. Added 2 more free variables, j and k, to make it easier to parameterize complicated equations. 2. Fixed crash graphing ODEs that had their highest differential raised to an even power, e.g. dy^2 = x. 3. Added Heaviside step function: step(x) = 0, for x < 0, 1/2 for x = 0, 1 for x > 0 4. Fixed bug which prevented the grid from being resized automatically when the equation editor or status bar font size was changed. Also fixed a slight miscalculation which caused the status bar to overlap the bottom of the graph window a bit under some circumstances. 5. Fixed bug in version 2.0d that sometimes caused equations for derivatives to become garbled. 6. Added floor() (synonym for int()) and ceiling() functions. Added support for |x| in place of abs(x). 7. Added mod operator (or %, your choice) to support modulo division. 8. Added support for 2-variable functions, including min and max. 9. Fixed another inequality shading problem, this time with curves that are steep near a discontinuity, like y >= sqrt(5x-1)-2. 10. Improved handling of point tables with small increments/large numbers of points. However, there is still a 1000-point limit. 11. Fixed bug in 2.0d which prevented changing the name of a data plot. 12. Tweaked curve-fitting algorithm to run for more iterations by default, so data sets with exact solutions don't end up with extra junk terms in them (e.g. y = 2x+2.1*10^-5). 13. Added support for solving single-variable equations (and inequalities) with 2 solutions, e.g. x^2-x=6 or x > 6/x 14. Added support for labels along the bottom of the grid (not just the top). 15. Fixed bug which caused annotations to print at unreadably small size. 16. Fixed bug in 2.0d which caused Copy Graphs (Color) to use default color scheme instead of alternate pre-defined color scheme. What's new in version 2.0d: =========================== 1. Fixed bug that prevented changes to the state of the labels from taking effect immediately when changed via the dialog box. 2. Fixed an infinte loop when graphing on base-10 log paper with the Point Tables on. 3. Added Unicode support to allow for more East Asian language translations. 4. Added a number of new checks to make sure you are reminded to save your work on closing a file after making changes other than adding/removing equations. 5. Fixed implicit function graphing to not display incorrect graphs when given an equation with no solution. 6. Fixed reload of strict inequalities so the redrawn curve has the same color and dashed pattern as when originally graphed. 7. Improved detection of discontinuous functions like x=(-3)^y 8. Fixed crash attempting to change fonts when no printer was installed. 9. On Windows XP, the program automatically uses the new XP look-and-feel; you no longer need to copy the Graphmatica.exe.manifest file manually. What's new in version 2.0c:

=========================== 1. Mouse wheel support added to graph surface and grid control. On the graph surface, Shift+wheel scrolls left-right and Ctrl+wheel zooms in and out. 2. Fixed bug that prevented you from specifying values for free variables when they were used in an equation only through a user-defined function. 3. Fixed intermittent errors shading inequalities like "abs x - abs y > 3" and "x^2-y^2 < 6". 4. Fixed an issue which caused parts of circles/ellipses to disappear when the horizontal axis through them was too close to the edge of the screen. 5. Added option to shade the inverse of the solution for inequalities. 6. Added Options button to Integrate Curve dialog box and fixed refresh of integral on screen when you change the integration options. What's new in version 2.0b: =========================== 1. Fixed crash using AutoRange when ODE flow fields are on screen. 2. Cleaned up documentation errata due to switch to tabbed dialog boxes (no View/Colors menu anymore, for instance) 3. Added "power function" y = ax^b to equation types available for curve fit. 4. Fixed crash on Paste Data Plot when the Data Plot Editor was not open. What's new in version 2.0a: =========================== 1. Fixed handling of y = (1/a)^x {a: 1, 3, 1}. This graph was incorrectly being tagged as a discontinuous function. 2. Corrected references to the defunct Labels menu item in the help file. 3. Added safeguard to prevent you from choosing colors that are the same as the background in the Colors dialog box. 4. Fixed the Set Initial Value menu item for systems of ODEs and secondorder and higher equations. 5. Size of dots on dotted grid is now dependent on gridlinewidth parameter. 6. Fixed crash loading data plot on startup. What's new in version 2.0: ========================== Major Features: --------------1. Limited support for graphing relations with multiple instances of both x and y variables. This is done by performing implicit differentiation with respect to both variables and plotting the resulting ODE. 2. New, improved Point Evaluate dialog box allows you to: - Select a different equation than the current one to evaluate - Solve Cartesian functions for x as well as y 3. New Find Intersection dialog box, which allows you to select two Cartesian functions of the same variable and display either all points of intersection on the screen or the intersection closest to a guess you provide. 4. Added support for user defined functions. Use the Functions dialog box (Tools/Functions menu item) to define as many single-variable helper functions as you want. You can define functions in terms of the variable x or t, and give them any name them that does not conflict with built-in variables or function names. 5. Data plotting added. Use View/Data Plot Editor to enter any number of x-y data sets. 6. Also added curve-fitting using polynomials (up to 9th order), sinusoidal, or exponential curves using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. 7. Added Draw Tangent Line dialog box which, like the Integrate Curve dialog box, allows you to type in values rather than selecting an

equation and tangent point with the mouse. Also added a "sticky" tangent line mode, which allows you to keep drawing tangent lines as long as you keep clicking on curves. 8. Consolidated most options screens into 2 tabbed dialog boxes, and revamped menus to remove commands that were no longer needed, plus some rarely-used items that can be accessed through the Settings dialog box. 9. Converted to implicit-save model for default settings (but you now must explicitly set the default for grid range and graph paper). 10. Added context-sensitive popup menus when you right-click on the grid, graphs, graph labels, and point tables. Minor Features: --------------1. Added support for decimal separators other than "." based on your Windows control panel settings. If your settings indicate you prefer a different decimal separator (say ",") then all constant values input and output by the program will use this separator. 2. Added AutoRange feature to reset the range automatically when you enter a new graph to ensure that all Cartesian functions are displayed on-screen. 3. Added control over number of decimal places used in Point tables to options dialog and fixed a problem where numbers in scientific notation were getting formatted with fewer decimal places than requested. 4. Made the Edit/Copy Graphs EMF function recalculate the graphs at maximum possible screen resolution. This should improve the quality of graphs copied and printed from Word. 5. Added two options to improve accessibility for visually-impaired users: You can now specify the width of curves when "Draw graphs with wide lines" is checked in the general settings dialog. The default is 2 pixels, but you can increase it to make lines even bolder. In addition, you can set "gridlinewidth" in the graphmat.ini file to increase the width of grid lines and the axes. 6. Increased maximum width of axis labels from 7 to 25 characters. 7. The Point Tables window now uses a grid control based on "BabyGrid" by David Hillard rather than a standard listbox. This makes for much neater display of data (right-aligned numbers, resizable columns, etc). In addition, the Point Tables window can now be resized and has a system close menu. 8. Last directory used in File Open/Save dialog boxes is now remembered. 9. Improved Windows shell integration: .GR files are added to the Documents menu when opened, and the program opens files dragged from Explorer. 10. Coordinate cursor is now always on except when it would interfere with display of important info (selected range, tangent line/integral info) in the status bar. However, you must still enable the coordinate cursor tool to gain keyboard control over the crosshairs. 11. Added 2 integration methods: left-hand sums and right-hand sums. 12. The equation of tangent lines is now displayed in the Printout window along with the point and slope. 13. Added support for printing integral and tangent line information. 14. Added support for graphing highest-order derviative in custom ODE mode (e.g. {vars:t,dx} graphs t vs. dx/dt for a first-order ODE). 15. Added rand(n) function which generates a random number between 0 and n. 16. Added "color-code" checkbox to print dialog box. This will print equations in the same color as their corresponding graphs when checked. 17. Swapped out yellow for "dark yellow" in the white color scheme, since yellow was virtually invisible when printed. 18. Improved High-Resolution Printing: gridline and axis thickness is now scaled up based on printer resolution so they're more visible at 600dpi. 19. Added fine-tuning parameters for automatic legends and grid spacing,

as well as manual control over grid spacing. Notable bug fixes: -----------------1. Fixed a bug which caused flow fields (ODEs without initial values) to graph incorrectly when the aspect ratio of the grid was not square. 2. Fixed a bug with the graph "y=int x" which prevented the graphing loop from terminating. 3. Fixed an annoying bug which sometimes caused the selection to be cleared or displayed inappropriately when you switched windows after selecting a portion of the grid to zoom in on. 4. When saving and loading a .gr file, equations are now restored with the same color they originally had. Also, they are restored in the same order as they appeared in the queue at save time, rather than backwards. 5. Fixed bug with specifying the domain as {y:...} for functions of y.