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ECE 329

Homework 2

Due: Sept 10, 2013, 5PM

1. Gauss's law for electric eld a volume

states that

in which electric charge density is specied by

E dS =

1
o

dV over any closed (x, y, z ) C/m3 .

surface

enclosing

a) What is the the origin, if

electric ux
(x, y, z ) = 2 (x, y, z ) =

3 C/m within

E dS + y2

over the surface of a cube of volume

V = L3

centered about

and

L=4

m?

b) Repeat (a) for

x2

z 2 C/m3 . V?

c) What is the electric ux in part (b) for any one of the square surfaces of volume 2. Two unknown charges,

(x, y, z ) =(1, 0, 0) and (-1, 0, 0), respectively, as shown below. The displacement ux dydz through the entire yz -plane in the + x yz plane D x direction is 3 C. The ux through the plane y = 1 in the + y direction is -4 C. Determine Q1 and Q2 after writing a pair of algebraic equations relating the above displacement uxes to Q1 and Q2 .
and are located at

Q1

Q2

Hint: What is the contribution of

Q1

to the ux

yz plane D

x dydz ?

See Example 5 in Lecture 3.

3. An innite charge sheet with uniform charge density the elds of composite charge distributions.

s C produces electrostatic elds E with 2 o m2 magnitude pointing away from the sheet on both sides. Also, superposition can be used to calculate

Given the above facts, what is the displacement vector diagrams where a pair of charge sheets with specied the
(i)

D =

o E at origin O in the following

values (dened on
Sheet 2

x =const.

surfaces, with

y -axis

pointing into the paper) are shown?


Sheet 2 (ii) Sheet 1

Sheet 1

s = 1

C m2

s = 1

C m2
kg and charge

s = 1

C m2

s = 2

C m2

4. A particle of mass

d = 9.8
distance

m above a planar sheet charged uniformly with electric charge

m = 18 103

Q = 4 C

is inserted at time

t = 0 at a distance 2 density of s C/m . The

is much smaller than the dimensions of the sheet so that, for all practical purposes the

sheet can be assumed to be of innite extent surrounded by free space. a) What should be the sheet charge density for the charge to levitate motionless at the position where it was placed at

t = 0?

b) Consider, next, the case where by calculating its acceleration,

s = 4.9 C/m2 . Describe the motion a(t), its velocity, v (t), and its distance

of the particle for

t>0

from the charged sheet.

For your calculations, use as your reference coordinate system one with its plane coincide with the plane of the charged sheet. 5. Consider a three-slab geometry of three identical slabs of equal widths

z=0

taken to

W in x-direction, and innite extent in y and z directions. In slab 1 extending over 2W < x < W , charge density is 1o , 3 where o measured in C/m units is some positive number. In slab 2 extending over W < x < 0 the charge density is 2o . Finally, in slab 3 extending over 0 < x < W the charge density is 4o . Charge density is zero everywhere else. Determine and sketch Ex (x) over the region 3W < x < 3W .
Label both axes of your plot carefully, marking the eld value at each break point.
Hint:

use superposition of shifted and scaled versions of the static eld conguration of a single

charged slab. 6. Curl and divergence exercises: a) On a 25-point graph consisting of sketch the vector eld b) Repeat (a) for

F = yx xy .

x and y coordinates having the integer values {2, 1, 0, 1, 2} F = xx +yy and nd F (curl of F) and F (divergence of F).

c) Based on above results choose the correct answer in the statements below: i. ii.

F=0

F=0

implies the eld strength varies (along or across) the direction of the eld.

implies the eld strength varies (along or across) the direction of the eld.

7. Use the dierential form of Gauss's law to determine the static charge density of space if: a) The static displacement eld in the region is specied as a surface charge, or a line charge? b) The static displacement eld in the region is specied as

(x, y, z )

in a region

D(x, y, z ) =

3 z C/m2 . Describe 4 sgn(z )

the nature of the charge density in words  do we nd a volumetric distribution of charge, or

5 C/m2 , y < 10 m, y 2 D(x, y, z ) = y 2y C/m , |y | < 10 m, y 5 C/m2 , y > 10 m.


8. Coulomb's eld of a charge can be expressed as

stationed at the origin of a right-handed Cartesian coordinate system

E=
where

Q (x, y, z ) Q r = , 2 4 o r 4 o r2 r E = 0
by showing that when

as usual, all of its components cancel out exactly. 9. Given that

r 2 x2 + y 2 + z 2

and

r 0.

Verify that

is expanded

E=x cos x + y sinx,


a) determine b) determine

and

E,

such that Gauss's law is satised.

10. Given an electrostatic potential corresponding a) electrostatic eld b) curl

V (x, y, z ) = 2z x2

V in a certain region of space, determine the

E,

E = V ,

c) divergence

E,
in the region.

d) charge density