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Index

Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.


Aaron, 209
Abraham, 4, 12, 13, 17, 32, 33, 35, 56,
259, 267
acceptance, 123
Acts of the Apostles, 4, 66, 67, 69,
7475, 110, 113, 118, 122, 135,
17779, 181, 236, 237, 262, 263
Word of God and, 14950, 151
Adam and Eve, 25, 56, 67, 70, 186,
19194, 19598, 25759
reality of, 19598
Adams, John, 138
adultery, 51, 52, 208, 213, 24344
Africa, 16, 17, 24, 120
African Americans, 8283, 180
agriculture, 12, 221
Ahaz, King, 5758, 60
al-Assad, Bashar, 288

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 325

alcoholism, 225
Alexander the Great, 14
Alexandria, 44, 45, 119
Alexandrian Canon, 45
Allert, Craig, A High View of
Scripture?, 137
amanuenses, 86, 87
Amin, Idi, 288
ancient Near East, map of, 16
anger and wrath, Gods, 20810
Anglicans, 142, 295
annunciation, 57
antinomians, 80
Antioch, 179
antiquity, 123
apocalyptic literature, 28384
Apocrypha, 46
Apostolicity, 120, 123

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326

Index

Aramaic, 96
archaeology, 3233, 160, 177, 19698
archetype, 19394, 195, 205
Aristotle, 14
Ark of the Covenant, 43
Articles of Religion, 142, 16869, 296
ascension, 69, 74, 16466, 236
Asia, map of, 16
association, 12223
Assyrians, 7, 13, 17, 25
astrophysics, 11, 164
Athanasius, 11920
atheism, 213, 239
Athens, 14
atonement, 9, 56
Augustine, 15758
Augustus Caesar, 14, 286, 289
Babylon and Babylonians, 7, 14, 17, 25,
26, 34, 35, 59, 287
exile, 2526, 3437, 41, 59
baptism, 9, 51
Barclay, William, 54
Barnabas, 17779
Barnabas, 118, 122, 123
Barth, Karl, 152
Baruch, 46
beatitudes, 97, 100
Bel and the Dragon, 46
Bethany, 165
Bethlehem, 19
Bianchini, Aldo, 24344
Bible, 36
brief history of battle for, 295300
geography and timeline, 1120, 1319
Gods violence in Old Testament,
20717
Gospel accounts of Jesus, 91107, 23142
hearing from God, 15356

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 326

high view of scripture, 17182


homosexuality and, 26579
honest and reverent view of scripture,
291300
how to read, 3019
inerrancy and infallibility of, 13940,
150, 15769, 17175, 181, 182, 186,
188, 272, 29293, 297, 298
inspirational power of scripture,
12943, 15769
in life situations, 2078
making sense of Revelation, 28189
memorizing, 3067
New Testament, 63125
Noah story, 199206, 207
Old Testament, 2161
praying the scriptures, 3056
questions about the nature of scripture,
12782
questions to ask while reading, 3035
science and Creation stories, 18594
seeing yourself in the story, 3023
solutions for Old Testament moral and
theological dilemmas, 21217
study, 303, 307
suffering, divine providence, and, 21930
what it is not, 710
women and, 19498, 25560
as Word of God, 14552
See also Gospels; New Testament; Old
Testament; specific books
Bill of Rights, 180
Books of the Covenant, 31, 32
bronze tools, 12
Bruce, F. F., 119
The Canon of Scripture, 56
The New Testament Documents: Are
They Reliable?, 234
Buddhism, 14

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Index 327

Caesar, Julius, 14
Calvin, John, 125, 295
Cambrian Explosion, 187
Canaan and Canaanites, 17, 32, 210, 211,
212, 215
canonization, 3940, 42, 109, 138, 296
criteria for, 12024
New Testament, 10925
Old Testament, 3947
carbon-14 dating, 186
Carter, Warren, What Does Revelation
Reveal?, 285
Carthage, 120
catechisms, 177
Catholicity, 121, 123
Catholics, 39, 4547, 87, 172, 245,
252, 296
Old Testament, 39, 42, 4447, 109, 132
women and, 25556
cave art, 12, 196
celibacy, 276
Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy, 15963
children, 4, 199200, 204, 205, 208, 258
birth of, 221, 258, 259
death of, 22728
sex with, 271
Christ (term), 29
Christology, 104
1 Chronicles, 25, 26, 36, 40, 41, 42
2 Chronicles, 25, 26, 36, 40, 41, 42
Church of England, 16869
Cicilia, 179
circumcision, 79, 80, 81, 83, 17781, 272
cities, 12
1 Clement, 112, 118, 123
Clement of Alexandria, 1035, 119, 123
Clement of Rome, 112, 114
Cold War, 82, 204

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 327

Colossians, 86, 87, 150


Columbine shooting (1999), 201
Communion, 158
Confucianism, 14
conservative Christians, 106, 159, 175,
256, 274, 27778, 29293, 295, 298
consistency, 12122
Constitution, 174, 18081
Copeland, Stan, 8889
Coptics, 121
Corinth, 87, 112
1 Corinthians, 86, 111, 112, 173, 203,
236, 256
2 Corinthians, 75, 87
cosmology, 11, 164
Creation, 4, 9, 11, 13, 24, 26, 134, 162,
16364, 18598, 199, 25759
inerrancy and, 16364, 166, 18690
science, Bible, and, 18594
See also Genesis
Creationism, 9, 18588, 2023
creeds, 177, 19091
criteria for canonicity, 12024
Crucifixion, 7, 5354, 74, 105, 106, 110,
225, 230, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 249
Crusades, 216
Cyprus, 74
Damascus, 74
Daniel, 41, 93
Darwin, Charles, 192
David, King, 13, 17, 26, 33, 42, 43, 53,
135, 136, 137, 20910, 214, 215
Dead Sea, 18
Dead Sea Scrolls, 4950
death, 22930, 23639, 247
genocide, 21014
of Jesus, 7, 5354, 74, 105, 106, 110,
225, 230, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240

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328

Index

death (continued)
penalty, 2089, 212, 267, 293
suffering, divine providence, and,
21930
Declaration of Independence, 174
determinism, 220
Deuterocanonical books, 47
Deuteronomy, 25, 32, 34, 36, 50, 51, 52,
208, 210, 22122, 269
Didache, The, 11314, 118, 120, 123
dinosaurs, 12, 187, 199200
disease, 219, 227, 228, 229, 230, 3045
divine providence, 21930
suffering, and the Bible, 21930
divorce, 52, 24546, 271, 277
drought, 221
early church, 5561, 66, 69, 11011, 132,
158, 168, 174, 235
inspiration and, 12943, 15869
kerygma of, 150
New Testament and, 11425
Paul and, 7389
prophecy, Old Testament, and, 5561
proto-New Testament, 11014
early humans, 1112, 187, 191,
19697, 201
earthquakes, 22627
Easter, 55, 164, 239
Eastern Mediterranean, in time of Paul,
78, 78
Eastern Orthodox Canon, 46
Eastern orthodox churches, 39,
4446, 109
Ecclesiastes, 28, 41, 44
Ecclesiasticus, 46
Eden, Garden of, 191, 25860
Egypt, 12, 13, 17, 24, 44, 119
slavery, 12, 13, 24, 34
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 204

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 328

Elijah, 41, 3023


Elisha, 41
Elohim, 191
Emmaus, 55, 165
Enlightenment, 139, 296
Ephesians, 87, 251
Ephesus, 282
Epic of Gilgamesh, 200, 202
Epistles, 78, 15, 7389, 91, 99, 100, 116,
118, 151, 152, 303
1 Esdras, 46
Esther, 26, 41, 44, 46, 141
Eucharist, 55, 105, 117, 158, 245
Euphrates River, 17
evangelical Christians, 106, 15859,
252, 27778, 284, 285, 29293
inerrancy of scripture and, 15859,
16869
Evangelical Theological Society, 159
evil, 191, 193, 250
evolution, 9, 187, 188, 192
exclusivism, 250
Exile, 2526, 3437, 41, 52, 59
Exodus, 12, 13, 2425, 32, 3334, 43,
146, 208, 209, 273
Ezekiel, 35, 44, 5253, 268
Ezra, 26, 40, 41, 141
Facebook, 261, 263
Fall, 19198, 25760
Feinberg, Paul, 159
Fertile Crescent, 12, 16, 17
Flood, 13, 24, 162, 188, 199206
forgiveness, 56, 68, 130, 246
Former Prophets, 41, 43
fossil record, 12, 196, 199
founding fathers, 138, 174, 18081
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
Francis, Pope, 255
Franco, Francisco, 284, 288

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Index 329

fundamentalists, 29798
futurist view, 284
Galatia, 7778, 78, 82
Galatians, 76, 7784, 86, 141, 155, 161,
178, 179, 236, 257, 303
Galilee, 18, 105, 16465
Geisler, Norman, Inerrancy, 159
Genesis, 9, 2324, 26, 32, 33, 56, 70,
132, 134, 16364, 185206, 228
Adam and Eve, 19198
Flood, 199206
homosexuality and, 26768
inconsistencies, 1636, 166, 18690
science, and Creation story, 18594
women and, 190, 194, 19598, 25760
genocide, 143, 204, 208, 21014, 293
in the name of God, 208, 21011, 212
Gentiles, 75, 177, 17879, 181, 262
geography, 139, 177
biblical, 1120, 1319
geology, 2012
Gnostics, 115, 118, 12122, 124
God, 25
anger and wrath, 208, 20910
-breathed, 13342
Creation story, and science, 18594
hearing from, 15356
high view of scripture, 17182
homosexuality and, 26579
honest and reverent view of scripture,
291300
inerrancy of scripture and, 13940,
15769, 17175, 181, 182, 29293
Jesus as path to, 24753
Kingdom of, 6768, 70, 100, 1045,
106, 148, 288
suffering, divine providence, and,
21930
violence in Old Testament, 20717

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 329

Word of, 14552, 17577, 217


Golden Rule, 17576, 296
good and evil, 191, 193, 285, 288
Gospels, 15, 34, 45, 4951, 55, 66,
6769, 73, 91107, 119, 121, 138,
23142
emergence as scripture, 11314
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
historical reliability of, 23142
how, when, and why of writing of,
91101
inconsistencies, 16466
Jesus and, 91107, 23142
John and, 1037
relationships between, 9495, 95, 96
second century, 11419
synoptic, 93101, 1047, 11314,
23142
Word of God and, 14552
grace, 251
gravity, 16364
Greece, 14
Greek, 44, 45, 46, 58, 96, 115, 132,
147, 267
theopneustos, 13341
Hagar, 132
Haggai, 35
Haiti earthquake (2010), 22627
Harris, Eric, 201
Harvard Business Review, 130
hearing from God, 15356
Hebrew, 96, 114, 147, 267
Hebrew Bible, 23, 3947, 58, 66, 213
canonization, 3947
See also Old Testament
Hebrews, 118, 119, 125, 225
heresy, 117
hermeneutics, 83
Herod, King, 14

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330

Index

high view of scripture, 17182


Hinduism, 13
historicist view, 284
Hitler, Adolf, 212, 287, 288
Hittites, 210
Holy Land, geography and timeline of,
1120, 1319
Holy Spirit, 9596, 98, 299
inspiration and, 13343
Homer:
Iliad, 13
Odyssey, 13
hominids, 19697
homosexuality, 4, 5, 208, 26579
Bible and, 26579
marriage, 272, 277, 292
Howard, Scott, 268
hunter-gatherers, 12
Hussein, Saddam, 288
hyperbole, 24446
I am sayings, 104, 24849
Ice Age, 12, 2012
flooding after, 2012
idealist view, 285
idolatry, 270, 271, 286
illumination, 131
Immanuel, 57, 58, 61
inclusivism, Christian, 25053
inerrancy and infallibility of Bible,
13940, 150, 15769, 17175, 181,
182, 186, 188, 272, 29293, 297, 298
doctrine of, 15963
Genesis and, 16364, 166, 18690
high view of scripture and, 17175, 181
infertility, 221, 227
inspiration, 123, 12943, 15769,
294, 299
Bible and, 12943
contemporary, 29495

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 330

definition of, 12930


hearing from God, 15356
high view of scripture, 17182
inerrancy and infallibility of scripture,
13940, 150, 15769, 17175, 181,
182, 29293
Paul and, 13141
theopneustos, 13341
verbal, plenary, 13941, 159, 168,
17172, 181, 182, 186, 212, 27273,
292, 297
intermarriage, 18, 25
Iranaeus, 11718
Iraq, 12, 17
Isaac, 34
Isaacson, Walter, 15152
Isaiah, 2829, 49, 50, 53, 5761, 141
Islam, 15, 2089, 284
Israel and Israelites, 12, 13, 1719,
2429, 34, 36, 41, 42, 59, 66, 79, 206,
208, 222, 269, 27273, 294
Gods violence and, 20717
maps, 16, 17, 18
See also Old Testament
Jacob, 34
Jacobs, A. J., 26263
The Year of Living Biblically, 262
James, 9, 118, 119, 125, 178, 236
Jefferson, Thomas, 138
Jeremiah, 35, 46, 222
Jericho, 12, 211
Jerusalem, 14, 17, 19, 25, 41, 50, 69, 105,
165, 178, 236, 263, 279, 287, 304, 308
destruction of, 25, 34, 3536, 52, 59,
66, 287
rebuilding of, 26, 36, 66
Temple, 13, 14, 15, 17, 25, 35, 52, 287
Jesus Christ, 14, 6771, 153, 217
ascension, 69, 74, 16466, 236

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Index 331

betrayed by Judas, 135, 136, 309


birth of, 57, 6061, 74, 240, 298
crucifixion, 7, 5354, 74, 105, 106, 110,
225, 230, 23640, 249
Gospels and, 91107, 23142
homosexuality and, 27172
hyperbole, 24446
identity of, 1046
John and, 1037
lepers and, 3045
as messiah, 74
in New Testament, 63125
Old Testament and, 4954, 5561
resurrection, 7, 5556, 60, 68, 69, 74,
78, 80, 96, 104, 106, 110, 121, 146,
16466, 178, 229, 230, 233, 23641,
297, 298
as savior, 24753
synoptics and, 93101, 23142
teachings of, 121, 14849, 216, 231,
24346, 24753, 298, 299, 308
women and, 25560
Word of God and, 14552
Jews and Judaism, 12, 14, 1819, 2329,
40, 7475, 7879, 115, 132, 142, 179,
212, 216, 236, 256, 262, 282
authorship and purpose of Old
Testament, 3137
canonization of Bible, 3947
circumcision, 79, 80, 81, 83, 17781
conversion, 7980
exile, 2526, 3437, 41, 59
Old Testament, 23, 39, 4042, 46, 58
Paul, 7389
women and, 256
See also Hebrew Bible; Old Testament
Job, 27, 41, 146, 223
suffering, divine providence, and,
22324
Jobs, Steve, 15152

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 331

1 John, 118, 119


2 John, 118, 119, 125
3 John, 118, 119, 125
John, and making sense of Revelation,
28189
John, Gospel of, 15, 53, 66, 6769, 73,
9193, 99100, 101, 1037, 114, 117,
118, 121, 122, 15556, 166, 229,
23435, 238, 240, 24749, 252, 260
how, when, and why of writing of,
9193
as perplexing, 1037
Word of God and, 14546, 150
John Mark, 122
John Paul II, Pope, 255
Jordan, 214
Jordan River, 18
Joseph, 50
Josephus, 256
The War of the Jews, 94
Joshua, 17, 25, 36, 41, 141, 211, 214,
21516
Judah, 13, 14, 17, 18, 18, 25, 41, 42, 57
Judaizers, 7980
Judas, 179, 3089
Jesus betrayed by, 135, 136, 309
Jude, 118, 119, 125
Judea, 19, 45, 69, 236
Judges, 25, 259, 267
Judith, 46
Justin Martyr, 11617, 252
Kaufman, Scott Barry, 130
kerygma, 150
kidnapping, 208, 259
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 5960
kingdom of God, 6768, 70, 100, 1045,
106, 148, 288
kingdom of Heaven, 67, 100
1 Kings, 25, 26, 40, 41, 42, 302

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332

Index

2 Kings, 25, 26, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42


Klebold, Dylan, 201
Klebold, Susan, 201
kosher laws, 272
L, 97, 98, 98
lambs, 105
Lamentations, 35, 141
language, development of, 19697, 201
Laodicea, 283
Last Supper, 105, 122, 178
Latin, 39, 44
Latter Prophets, 41, 43
Law of God, 31, 32
Law of Moses, 2425, 31, 32, 34, 4044,
51, 66, 67, 74, 7980, 84, 132, 17781,
208, 209, 262, 263, 26670, 296, 304
laws of motion, 139
Lebanon, 12
legalism, 7982
leprosy, 3045
Letters from the Apostles, 66, 67, 6970,
7389, 91, 98, 111, 11214, 116, 118,
121, 137, 152, 167
authorship of, 8589
Leviticus, 5, 25, 32, 34, 176, 208, 265
on homosexuality, 26869, 274, 292
on tattoos, 26163
Lewis, C. S., 173, 252
The Problem of Pain, 250
liberals, 175, 274, 297, 298
libertinism, 8082
Lincoln, Abraham, 5960, 28889
Gettysburg Address, 59
Second Inaugural Address, 59
Lords Prayer, 97, 114
Lot, 26768
love, 198, 212, 229
Lovers Lane United Methodist Church,
Dallas, Texas, 8889

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 332

Luke, Gospel of, 15, 18, 34, 50, 53, 54,


55, 56, 6769, 73, 91101, 1036, 114,
116, 117, 118, 121, 122, 130, 137, 155,
161, 165, 23442, 304
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
how, when, and why of writing of,
91101
synoptic problem, 93101
Word of God and, 14849
Luther, Martin, 46, 12425, 295
M, 97, 98, 98
1 Maccabees, 46
2 Maccabees, 46
3 Maccabees, 46
4 Maccabees, 46
macular degeneration, 8586
Malachi, 29
Marcion, 11516, 207, 210
Mark, Gospel of, 5, 18, 51, 53, 6669,
73, 91101, 1036, 11415, 117, 118,
121, 122, 165, 23442
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
how, when, and why of writing of,
91101
synoptic problem, 93101
mark of the beast, 287
Mary, 50, 5758, 6061, 104, 158
Mary Magdalene, 16465, 260
Matthew, Gospel of, 15, 18, 53, 54, 57,
60, 6669, 73, 91101, 1036,
11315, 117, 118, 121, 122, 137, 165,
175, 23442, 24346, 308
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
how, when, and why of writing of,
91101
synoptic problem, 93101
Mediterranean Sea, 18
in time of Paul, 78, 78
memorizing scripture, 3067

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Index 333

Mesha, King, 214


Mesha Stele, 214
Mesopotamia, 12, 17
Messiah (term), 29
metaphors, 1045
Methodists and Methodism, 142, 169,
252, 27879, 295
Metzger, Bruce, Breaking the Code, 285
Michelangelo, 197
miracles, 96, 239, 241, 297, 298
Mishnah, 50
misogyny, 143
Moabite Stone, 214
modernism, 29697
Mohammed, 15
moneychangers, 105
moral and theological dilemmas,
solutions to, 21217
Moses, 4, 5, 9, 12, 13, 17, 24, 25, 3134, 36,
42, 52, 66, 67, 79, 137, 151, 153, 17779,
186, 209, 214, 215, 262, 263, 26670
authorship and, 3134
on homosexuality, 26670, 274
See also Law of Moses
Mubarak, Hosni, 288
music, 147, 196, 201
Mussolini, Benito, 288
Nahum, 41, 141
Nash, Dannika, 292
natural disasters, 22627, 228, 229
Nazareth, 50, 104
Nazism, 212, 216
Neanderthals, 196, 201
Nehemiah, 26, 40, 41
Neolithic period, 12
Nero Caesar, 15, 287
New Testament, 7, 13, 15, 46, 55, 57, 58,
59, 60, 63125, 13738, 180, 207, 230,
272, 273, 29394, 295, 299

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 333

authorship, 8589
before the, 11011
books included in, 10925
canonization, 10925
chronology, 6571, 74
criteria for inclusion in, 12024
Gospel accounts of Jesus, 91107,
23142
inspiration and, 12943
John and, 1037
letters, 7389, 91, 96, 98, 111, 11214,
116, 118, 119, 121, 123, 137, 152, 161,
167, 23537, 28189, 303
making sense of Revelation, 28189
proto-, 11014
quick summary of, 6571
second century, 11419
suffering, divine providence, and,
22526
synoptics, 91101, 1058, 11314,
23142
terminology, 118
third and fourth centuries, 11920
Word of God and, 14552
See also specific books
Newton, Isaac, 139
Nicodemus, 106
Noah and the ark, 199206, 207
non-Christians, eternal fate of, 24753
Numbers, 25, 32, 34, 51
Obadiah, 141
Old Testament, 4, 1314, 20, 2161,
6567, 109, 110, 11516, 132, 136,
141, 148, 158, 17879, 248, 294, 295
Adam and Eve, 19198
authorship, timing, and purpose of, 3137
books included in, 3947
canonization, 3947
Catholic, 39, 42, 4447, 109, 132

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334

Index

Old Testament (continued)


chronology, 2329
Creation stories, and science, 18594
Genesis, 185206
Gods violence in, 20717
homosexuality and, 26674
Jesus and, 4954, 5561
Jewish, 23, 39, 4042, 46, 58
Noah story, 199206, 207
Orthodox, 39, 4446, 109, 132
prophecy, and the early church, 5561
Protestant, 23, 39, 4042, 46, 47, 49,
65, 109, 132
quick summary of, 2329
solutions for moral and theological
dilemmas, 21217
suffering, divine providence, and,
21930
women and, 190, 194, 19598, 25760
See also specific books
Onesimus, 273
oral tradition, 3334, 50, 92, 96, 99,
11011
Origen, 119, 120, 139
Orthodox Old Testament, 39, 4446,
109, 132
Orthodoxy, 121, 122, 157, 222, 297
Outler, Albert, 26
paleoanthropology, 19698, 201
Palestinian Canon, 45
Palestinians, 19
Papias, 11415
parables, 1045, 106, 14849, 239
particularism, 250
passion narrative, 96
Passover, 43, 50, 74, 105
seder, 105
pastoral Epistles, 87
patriarchy, 25560, 267, 272

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 334

Paul, 5, 15, 45, 66, 6970, 7389,


11113, 122, 129, 137, 141, 150, 153,
154, 161, 16667, 173, 17781,
2034, 206, 225, 226, 251, 257, 263,
273, 300, 303, 306
authorship and, 8589
death of, 75, 113, 120, 121
Eastern Mediterranean in time of,
78, 78
eyesight problems, 8586
on homosexuality, 27074
inspiration and, 13141
letters, 7389, 91, 96, 111, 11214, 116,
118, 119, 121, 123, 137, 152, 161, 167,
23537, 303
missionary journeys, 7475
suffering of, 23536
theopneustos and, 13341
women and, 257, 260
Paul VI, Pope, 255
pederasty, 271
Pentateuch, 31
Pergamum, 282, 285
Persians, 14, 17, 36
Peter, 4, 14, 70, 81, 99, 114, 119, 122, 135,
136, 149, 150, 165, 273
death of, 97, 120
Pentecost sermon, 11011
1 Peter, 118, 119, 150, 225
2 Peter, 112, 118, 119, 135, 233
Pharisees, 51, 53, 78, 178, 179
Philadelphia, 283
Philemon, 273
Philippians, 303
Picasso, Pablo, 284
Pilate, Pontius, 104
Plato, 14
pluralism, 250
poetry, 59
Hebrew, 27

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Index 335

Pompeii, 15
pornography, 244
Pot, Pol, 288
Potters Field, 3089
poverty, 240
Prayer of Manasseh, 46
praying the scriptures, 3056
pre-Gospels, 9293
preterist view, 28485
Promised Land, 24, 25, 26, 41, 43
prophecy, 28, 29, 53, 5561, 135
hyperbole, 24446
Old Testament, and the early church,
5561
Prophets, 23, 2829, 40, 41, 43, 51, 66,
67, 132, 296
prostitution, 52, 176, 213, 240, 269, 270,
271, 287, 293
Protestants and Protestantism, 23,
39, 107
mainline vs. conservative churches,
1067
Old Testament, 23, 39, 4042, 46, 47,
49, 65, 109, 132
reformers, 46, 12425, 142, 169, 284,
293, 29596
Proverbs, 2728, 41, 44
Psalms, 8, 9, 13, 27, 36, 41, 46, 49, 50, 54,
13536, 141, 14647, 203, 222, 3078
Q, 97, 98, 98
rape, 208, 25960, 26768
homosexual, 26769, 271
reason, 143, 198, 227, 228, 238
redemption, 61, 260, 309
Reformation, 142, 169, 284, 293, 29596
resurrection, 7, 5556, 60, 68, 69, 74, 78,
80, 96, 104, 106, 110, 121, 146, 16466,
178, 229, 230, 233, 23641, 297, 298

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 335

inconsistencies, 16466
Revelation, Book of, 8, 15, 65, 66, 67, 70,
73, 11819, 121, 125, 137, 151, 228,
28189
futurist view, 284
historicist view, 284
idealist view, 285
making sense of, 28189
preterist view, 28485
seven churches of, 28182, 282, 283
Roma, 285, 286
Roman Catholic Church, 39, 109, 132,
172, 239, 252
Old Testament, 39, 42, 4447, 109, 132
papal infallibility, 172
Romans, 5, 86, 112, 155, 178, 203, 206,
225, 226, 229, 257, 265, 27071, 281,
305
Rome, 8, 13, 14, 15, 45, 69, 70, 78, 82,
94, 99, 114, 115, 116, 122, 124, 138,
166, 233, 239, 28387, 309
decline of, 284
Ruth, 41
Sabbath, 4, 43, 51, 208
sacrifices, 94, 105, 208, 221
Salome, 165
salvation, 80, 81, 142, 169, 205,
24753, 295
Jesus as, 24753
Samaria, 1819, 19, 69, 149
Samaritans, 1819, 106, 149, 246,
304, 305
same-sex marriage, 272, 277, 292
1 Samuel, 25, 26, 40, 41, 42, 131, 141
2 Samuel, 25, 26, 40, 41, 42, 20910
Sarah, 259
Sardis, 283
Satan, 288
Saul, 74

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336

Index

Saul, King, 17
science, 6, 1112, 139, 160, 162, 18594,
2023, 292
biblical inerrancy and, 16264
Creation story and, 18594
Scotland, 215
Scott, Sir Walter, 215
scrolls, 4950, 132
Scylla and Charybdis, 81
Sea of Galilee, 18, 148
Second Coming, 6, 284
September 11 terrorist attacks, 3435
Septuagint, 4445, 58
Sermon on the Mount, 239
seven churches of Revelation, 28182,
282, 283
sexuality, 4, 5, 6, 28, 208, 24344,
26579
same-sex, 26579
subordination of women, 25560
sheep and goats, parable of, 106
Shepherd of Hermas, The, 118, 120, 123
Shipp, Tom, 8889
Silas, 179
Silvanus, 89
sin, 19091, 19394, 197, 198, 250,
25860, 297
Sistine Chapel, 197
slavery, 12, 13, 2426, 34, 36, 143, 180,
259, 263, 271, 27275, 292, 293, 298
Smyrna, 282, 285
Socrates, 14
Sodom, 26768
Solomon, King, 12, 17, 43
Song of Solomon, 27
Song of Songs, 27, 28, 41, 44, 141
Song of the Three Children, 46
Sosthenes, 89
soul, 198
Soviet Union, 82, 204

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 336

sower, parable of, 14849


Stalin, Joseph, 204, 288
Stephen, 236
Stott, John, 252
suffering, 61, 115, 201, 21930, 23536
Job and, 22324
sun, 189
Sunday School, 239
Susanna, Story of, 46
synagogue, 49, 75, 282
synoptic Gospels, 93101, 1047,
11314, 23142
emergence as scripture, 11314
Four-Source Hypothesis, 9698, 98
Jesus and, 93101, 23142
relationships between, 9495, 95, 96
See also specific gospels
Syria, 12, 179
systematic theology, 89
Tanakh, 40, 42, 45, 51, 66
Tatian, 117
Diatessaron, 117
tattoos, 26164
tax collectors, 240
technology, 83, 204
Temple, 13, 14, 15, 17, 105, 287
destruction of, 15, 25, 34, 35, 52,
94, 287
rebuilding of, 26, 36
temptation, 50, 97, 190, 194, 197, 198
Ten Commandments, 2425, 31, 43, 50,
51, 54, 146, 296
Tertius, 89
Tertullian, 119
theistic evolution, 192
Theophilus, 93, 155
theopneustos, 13341
1 Thessalonians, 77
2 Thessalonians, 86, 87

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Index 337

Thomas, 12122, 247


Thyatira, 283
Tiberius Caesar, 14
Tigris River, 17
timeline, biblical, 1120
1 Timothy, 87, 89, 116, 257
2 Timothy, 87, 89, 116, 129, 131, 132,
133, 138, 140, 141, 168
Titus, 87, 116
Tobit, 46
Torah, 23, 3134, 36, 40, 4243, 66, 149,
26770
authorship of, 3134
trade, 12, 17, 24
transubstantiation, 158
Tree of Knowledge, 191, 193
Trinity, 9
Turkey, 74, 115, 281, 283
The Twelve, 40
Two-Source Hypothesis, 9698
universalism, 250
usefulness, 121
verbal, plenary inspiration, 13941, 159,
168, 17172, 181, 182, 186, 212,
27273, 292, 297
violence, 200201, 204, 20717, 271,
272, 275
Gods, in Old Testament, 20717
Noah story and, 199206
solutions to moral and theological
dilemmas, 21217
virgin, 57, 58, 158, 239, 298

Making Sense of the Bible_4p reprint.indd 337

voting rights, 180


Wallace, William, 215
Washington George, 138
weather, 22021, 22627
Wesley, John, 169, 252
West Bank, 19
Westminster Confession of Faith, 296
wheel, 12
Wisdom of Solomon, 46
women, 143, 180, 190, 243, 25560, 262
divorced, 24546
in Genesis, 190, 194, 19598, 25760
infertility, 221
menstruating, 26263
role in church, 25560
subordination of, 25560, 26768, 271,
272, 292, 293, 298
Word of God, 81, 103, 14552,
17577, 217
Bible as, 14552
Writings, 23, 2728, 29, 40, 41, 44, 51,
66, 67
Yahweh, 115, 116, 19192, 207,
209, 248
Young Earth Creationists (YEC), 9,
18588, 2023
Zacchaeus, 240
Zechariah, 53, 148
Zedekiah, King, 35
Zephaniah, 141
Zeus, 282

2/11/14 10:57 AM