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Practice Test 1

Four traveling waves are described by the following equations, where all quantities are measured in SI units and (x, t) represents the displacement.

t) = 0.12 cos( 3x 21t ) II: (x, t) = 0.15 sin( 6x + 42t ) III: (x, t) = 0.13 cos( 6x + 21t ) IV: (x, t) = -0.27 sin( 3x 42t )
I: (x, 1. Which of these waves have the same period? A. I and III, and also II and IV B. I and IV, and also II and III C. I and II, and also III and IV D. All of them have the same period. E. They all have different periods. 2. Which of these waves have the same wave speed? A. I and III, and also II and IV B. I and II C. III and IV D. All of them have the same wave speed. E. They all have wave speeds.


For the wave shown in the figure, the frequency is A. B. C. D. E. 4 Hz 2 Hz 0.5 Hz 0.25 Hz Cannot be determined from the given information

4. In the figure, which of the curve best represents the variation of wave speed V as a function of tension for transverse waves on a stretched string? A. A B. B C. C D. D

E. E

5. Waves travel along a 100-m length of string which has a mass of 55 g and is held taut with a tension of 75 N. What is the speed of the waves? A. B. C. D. E. 0.37 m/s 3.7 m/s 37 m/s 3700 m/s 370 m/s

6. A 2.00-m long piano wire with a mass per unit length of 12.0 g/m is under a tension of 8.00 kN. What is the frequency of the fundamental mode of vibration of this wire? A. B. C. D. E. 408 Hz 204 Hz 102 Hz 153 Hz 510 Hz

7. A standing wave is oscillating at 360 Hz on a string, as shown in the figure. What is the speed of traveling waves on this string?

A. 220 m/s B. 72 m/s C. 140 m/s D. 120 m/s E. 300 m/s

8. The lowest frequency to resonate in a pipe of length L that is closed at one end and open at the other end is 200 Hz. Which one of the following frequencies will NOT resonate in the same pipe? A. 1000 Hz B. 600 Hz C. 1400 Hz

D. 400 Hz E. 1800 Hz 9. A stationary siren emits sound of frequency 1000 Hz and wavelength 0.343 m. An observer who is moving toward the siren will measure a frequency A. B. C. D. E.

f and wavelength for this sound such that

f >1000 Hz and f >1000 Hz and f =1000 Hz and f <1000 Hz and f =1000 Hz and

<0.343 m =0.343 m <0.343 m <0.343 m =0.343 m

10. A person is hearing two sound waves simultaneously. One has a period of 1.50 ms and the other one a period of 1.54 ms. What is the period of the beat due to these two waves? A. 3.0 ms B. 58 ms C. 0.04 ms D. 1.5 ms E. 330 ms 11. Two in-phase loudspeakers are some distance apart. They emit sound with a frequency of 1536 Hz. You move between the speakers, along the line joining them, at a constant speed of 2.8 m/s. What beat frequency do you observe? The speed of sound in the room is 330 m/s. A. 118 Hz B. 13 Hz C. 26 Hz D. 4.7 Hz E. 431 Hz

12. Three equal negative point charges are placed at three of the corners of a square of side d as

shown in the figure. Which of the arrows represents the direction of the net electric field at the center of the square?
A. A B. B C. C

D. D E. The field is equal to zero at point P.

13. The figure shows two unequal point charges, q and Q, of opposite sign. Charge Q has greater magnitude than charge q. In which of the regions X, Y, Z will there be a point at which the net electric field due to these two charges is zero?

A. only region Y B. only region Z C. only region X D. only region X and Z E. all three regions

14. A point charge Q is located a short distance from a point charge 3Q, and no other charges are present. If the electrical force on Q is F, what is the electrical force on 3Q ? A. B. C. D. E.

F /3 3F F F/ F

15. The figure shows three electric charges labeled Q1, Q2, Q3, and some electric field lines in the region surrounding the charges. What are the signs of the three charges? A. Q1 is positive, Q2 is negative, Q3 is positive. B. Q1 is positive, Q2 is positive, Q3 is negative. C. Q1 is negative, Q2 is positive, Q3 is negative.

D. All three charges are negative. E. All three charges are positive.

16. A piece of plastic has a net charge of +2.00 C. How many more protons than electrons does this -19 piece of plastic have? (e = 1.60 10 C) A. B. C. D. E. 2.510 19 1.2510 13 2.510 13 1.2510 6 1.2510

17. When two point charges are 2.0 cm apart, each one experiences a 1.0 N electric force due to the other charge. If they are moved to a new separation of 8.0 cm, the electric force on each of them is closest to A. B. C. D. E. 16.0 N 0.063 N 4.0 N 0.042 N 0.25 N

18. A 1.0 C point charge is 15 m from a second point charge, and the electric force on one of them due to the other is 1.0 N. What is the magnitude of the second charge? 9 2 2 (k=1/4 0=910 N m /C ) A. B. C. D. E. 10 nC 25 nC 1.0 C 0.025 nC 25 C

19. A 1.0 g mass is tied to a string from a pivot, and hangs by gravity. An electric field of 1000 N/C is applied to the right as shown on the figure, and the mass deflects to an angle of 30 degrees as shown. What is the charge on the mass? (g=9.8 m/s ) A. 4.31 C B. 5.66 C C. 7.34 C D. 2.51 C



E. 9.23 C

20. A line of uniform charge is extended from x = 0.7 m to x = 1.0 m, and has a linear charge density

of 7.0 x 10 C/m. What is the magnitude of the resulting electric field at x = 0? 9 2 2 (k=1/4 0=910 N m /C )


A. B. C. D. E. 5.0 x 10 N/C 4 6.9 x 10 N/C 4 1.9 x 10 N/C 4 3.9 x 10 N/C 4 2.7 x 10 N/C