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1.

Statement Contains glucose Is a reducing sugar Contains glycosidic bonds Is transported in the phloem of flowering plants Encircle CORRECT answers Any TWO correct responses ! mar" #lan"s and ambiguous tic"s are incorrect $ut correct numbers of tic"s to correspond with total mar"
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Sucrose

Maltose

2.

%&O ' (di)polar ' %ydrogen * % ' Sol+ent ' (specific) heat capacity ' [not latent heat capacity]
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3.

(a)

A # C

flagellum ' ,-A * (bacterial) chromosome ' cell wall ' $ro"aryotic cell Smaller ,o not ha+e a nucleus * nucleolus * ha+e a nucleoid ,o not ha+e membrane0bound organelles * absence of named organelle Smaller * 23S ribosomes Mesosomes * description of infoldings Circular ,-A -o histones * chromosomes Murein * mucopeptide * peptidoglycan cell walls * no cellulose 8lagellum with no microtubules * Eu"aryotic cell /arger '

(b) Mar"ing point ! &

%a+e a nucleus * nuclear en+elope * nucleolus (allow description) * no nucleoid ' %a+e membrane0bound organelles * presence of named membrane0bound organelle ' /arger * 43S ribosomes ' -o mesosomes ' /inear ,-A ' %istones * chromosomes ' Cellulose cell walls (if present) '

1 5 6

2 4

8lagellum with microtubules * 79&


1

e: * reference to basal structure

arrangement * reference to basal structure ' .


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4.

(a)

Ma"ing more ,-A ' Molecule unwinds * strands separate ' Each strand acts as a template * e: ' Each molecule contains; one parental* one new * one daughter strand ' -ew ,-A is identical to original ,-A * identical to each other * e: '

ma< .

(b)

8olding of secondary structure * e: ' To form irregular * ., * globular shape ' Maintained by; hydrogen * ionic * disulphide bonds * e: ' #onding determined by R0groups ' Shape is important for function '

ma< .
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5.

(a)

!1 mm (allow !& 0 !5 mm) ' = 433 ' !2>5 * !4>3 ' [allow consequential error] Only & cells drawn (,)' #oth cells with correct magnification (M) ' -ucleus of A has correct shape (-) ' ,rawn with single line and no additional details * structures (/) '

(b)

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6.

(a)

Reference to named stain (acetic orcein * acetocarmine * 8eulgens * Schiffs) ' Warm * heat ' #rea" open tip with (mounted) needle *e: ' Mount in stain * acid * water ' (gently) s:uash under co+erslip * e: ' ma< 1 (i) (ii) A' C' ! !

(b) (c)

Synthesis * di+ision * multiplication of organelles (or named organelle) ' ?rowth ' Replication of ,-A* chromosomes ' $rotein synthesis * name of specific protein being synthesised ' Any normal cell acti+ities; named e<ample (e>g> respiration) '

ma< &
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7.

(a)

(i) (ii)

Mo+ement down concentration gradient * e: ' In+ol+es protein in membrane ' (Acti+e transport) re:uires; AT$* energy ' (Acti+e transport) occurs against*up the concentration gradient ' (3>35 mol dm0. ) 73@ and (3>32 mol dm0. ) !5@ ' ,ifference (730!5) 25@ ' Aallow !1@ reading; no conse:uential errorB Water potential of solution is more than that of red blood cells * allow con+erse ' Water enters the cells ' #y osmosis * down water potential gradient ' E<pansion of cytoplasm * e: * increasing pressure * stretching the membrane ' Shrin" * shri+el up * crenate * e: * water would mo+e out * e<osmosis '

& &

(b)

(i)

&

(ii)

ma< . !

(iii)

(c)

Cell wall ' Resists e<pansion * e: '

&
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8.

(a)

(i)

The production of Cuice is increased * more Cuice is produced ' 8our times as much * !5 cm. more Cuice was produced ' The rate of production increases * the graph has a steeper line with pectinase ' $roduction lasts longer ' EnDyme digests*brea"s down* hydrolyses pectin ' In cell walls ' Allowing release of Cuice * reference to permeability ' Inhibitor has similar shape to; substrate * pectin ' #inds to acti+e site ' $re+ents entry of * competition with; substrate ' More Cuice released * Cuice released faster ' Increased enDyme acti+ity * decreased inhibition ' Ese same type * +ariety of apples ' Same * stated mass * +olume of pulp ' Range of temperatures * at least three stated temperatures ' Same * stated +olume * concentration of enDyme * pectinase ' Same time * stated time period ' Measure +olume of Cuice e<tracted ' $lot graph of +olume of apple Cuice +s> temperature '

&

(ii)

&

(b)

(i)

& &

(ii) (c) !> &> .> 1> 5> 6> 2>

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