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Geomechanics Geology 5110

Professor: Robert S. Anderson * Office Hours: M, W after class, and by appointment * Office: 279 INSTAAR (RL-3) or 4th floor Benson * Phones: 303-735-8169, 303-735-4684; home: 720-565-0468 * Email: Robert.S.Anderson@Colorado.edu or andersrs@colorado.edu Lecture: M, W 9:00-10:15, Benson 265 Texts: Dynamic Earth, Geoffrey Davies (DE) Geodynamics, 2nd edition, Turcotte & Schubert (T&S) The Little Book of Geomorphology (RSA web site) plus occasional readings (handouts) from modern literature

SYLLABUS Date Topic Week 1 8/23 Reading and Assignments

Lecture 1. An overview of the course. The surface temperature of the planet (a radiation balance). DE Chapters 1 and 2; skim chapter 3; downloadable math and physics appendices; download The Little Book of Geomorphology climate system chapter Problem set #1 handed out Lecture 2. The heat equation. Conduction. The geotherm. Overview of the Earth's thermal structure. DE178-186. T&S 132-136. Download The Little Book The geotherm, permafrostchapter

8/25

Week 2 8/30 Lecture 3. More steady heat conduction problems. Steady with heaters: Contributions from radioactivity. Qualitative introduction to non-steady cases. DE 192-198; T&S 136-144, 149-153 Lecture 4. Thermal profiles driven by periodic temperatures at the surfaceorA snake writhing in an exponential funnel. DE 192-198; T&S 136-144, 149-153

9/1

Week 3 9/6 9/8 no class, Labor Day Lecture 5. From the grilled cheese sandwich to the age of the Earth. Instantaneous heating/cooling. DE 186-192. Re-read chapter 2 for historical account T&S 153-157.

Week 4 9/13 9/15 Lecture 5. Video or guest lecture? RSA in CZO meeting Lecture 6. Oceanic bathymetry: boundary layers, density changes and isostasy. What is meant by a plate in plate tectonics? Plates as thermal boundary layers.

DE chapter 3, DE 78-83, 186-192. T&S 157-162, 174-179 Problem set #1 turned in. Week 5 9/20 Lecture 7. Applications to geomorphic problems. Hillslopes, cosmogenic radionuclides. Reference if interested: Anderson (2002) paper on high surfaces. Problem set #2 handed out. Lecture 8. Thermal profiles in boreholes as probes of global warming. Discuss in class Lachenbruch and Marshall 1986 Science.

9/22

Week 6 9/27 Lecture 9. Possible Guest lecture by Gary Clow on borehole thermal measurement methods and analysis for ground surface temperature histories. or Examples of application of mass balance. Glacier introduction. Groundwater introduction. Coastal or littoral problems. Lecture 10. Applications to volcanic problems. Lava bombs, lava lakes, explosive volcanic eruptions.

9/29 Week 7 10/4

Lecture 11. Advection in general. Arrhenius equation. Thermochronometric systems. Problem set #2 turned in. MIDTERM

10/6

Week 8 FLUID MECHANICS PROBLEMS 10/11 Lecture 12. Basic principles of fluid mechanics. Definition of rheology. Stress and strain rate. The continuity equation. Variegated and Grinnell films. DE 122-148; T&S 231-2352 Problem set #3 handed out Lecture 13. Derivation of the full Navier-Stokes equation. T&S 234-237; DE 140-142

10/13

Week 9 10/18 Lecture 14. Fluid mechanics problems I. Fluid statics: P(z). Flow between two plates. Tibetan topographic ooze. DE 147-149; T&S 226-234, Mantle goosh in Little Book Lecture 15. Fluid mechanics problems II. Couette flow. Non-dimensionalizing the N-S equation. The Reynolds number. DE 149-157; T&S 254-262.

10/20

Week 10 10/25 Lecture 16. Fluid mechanics problems III. Open channel flow. Fluid mechanics film on low Re flows

10/27

Lecture 17. Fluid mechanics problems IV. Pipe flow. Darcy equation, model for permeability.

Week 11 11/1 11/3 Lecture 16. Settling speeds: Rising bubbles, sinking drops, sinking crystals. Lecture 17. Fluid mechanics problems V. Working example problems (lavas, magma chambers, xenoliths, plume heads). Problem set #3 turned in

Week 12 11/8 Lecture 18. Isostatic rebound as a probe of upper mantle viscosity DE 157-163; T&S 244-248 Problem set #4 handed out Lecture 19. Mantle convection. Plate modes and plume modes of mantle convection (top down and bottom up) skim DE Chapters 8, 10 and 11 but read carefully DE211-228.

11/10

Week 13 11/15 Lecture 20. The instability problem. Example of a fluid heated from below DE 211-228 Lecture 21. Convective instabilities II. Conditions for instability. Introduction of the Rayleigh number

11/17

Week 14 No Classes, Fall Break 11/22-26 Week 15 11/29 12/1 Lecture 22. Plate flexure. Volcanic loads and glacial loads. Tide gauge support for a forebulge. Lecture 23. Class discussion of papers. (Kendall_8.2 ka sealevel rise; Driscoll and Karner Amazon) Problem set #4 turned in

Week 16 12/6 Lecture 24. Turbulence and the law of the wall velocity profile, application to rivers. Suspension sediment transport profileand/or An introduction to the dynamic surface of the Earth geomorphology overview. Lecture 25. Review of the class Final exam time tbd

12/8 12/10

************** (no final exam in finals week, as that is Fall AGU meeting, Dec 13-17)

Evaluation of your performance 1. Homework which counts for a total of 50% of your grade. Homeworks will be handed out in class and are due in class on the designated day. You will be docked for turning it in late. 2. Midterm Exam which counts for 20% of your grade. 3. Final Exam which counts for 30% of your grade.

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Useful additional information: Disabilities If you qualify for accommodations because of a disability, please submit to me a letter from Disability Services in a timely manner so that your needs may be addressed. Disability Services determines accommodations based on documented disabilities. Contact: 303-492-8671, Willard 322, and http://www.Colorado.EDU/disabilityservices" Religious holidays Campus policy regarding religious observances requires that faculty make every effort to reasonably and fairly deal with all students who, because of religious obligations, have conflicts with scheduled exams, assignments or required attendance. See full details at http://www.colorado.edu/policies/fac_relig.html" Classroom Behavior Students and faculty each have responsibility for maintaining an appropriate learning environment. Those who fail to adhere to such behavioral standards may be subject to discipline. Professional courtesy and sensitivity are especially important with respect to individuals and topics dealing with differences of race, culture, religion, politics, sexual orientation, gender, gender variance, and nationalities. Class rosters are provided to the instructor with the student's legal name. I will gladly honor your request to address you by an alternate name or gender pronoun. Please advise me of this preference early in the semester so that I may make appropriate changes to my records. See polices at http://www.colorado.edu/policies/classbehavior.html and at http://www.colorado.edu/studentaffairs/judicialaffairs/code.html#student_code Discrimination and Harassment The University of Colorado at Boulder policy on Discrimination and Harassment, the University of Colorado policy on Sexual Harassment and the University of Colorado policy on Amorous Relationships apply to all students, staff and faculty. Any student, staff or faculty member who believes s/he has been the subject of discrimination or harassment based upon race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, religion, sexual orientation, or veteran status should contact the Office of Discrimination and Harassment (ODH) at 303-492-2127 or the Office of Judicial Affairs at 303-492-5550. Information about the ODH, the above referenced policies and the campus resources available to assist individuals regarding discrimination or harassment can be obtained at http://www.colorado.edu/odh Honor code "All students of the University of Colorado at Boulder are responsible for knowing and adhering to the academic integrity policy of this institution. Violations of this policy may include: cheating, plagiarism, aid of academic dishonesty, fabrication, lying, bribery, and threatening behavior. All incidents of academic misconduct shall be reported to the Honor Code Council (honor@colorado.edu; 303-725-2273). Students who are found to be in violation of the academic integrity policy will be subject to both academic sanctions from the faculty member and nonacademic sanctions (including but not limited to university probation, suspension, or expulsion). Other information on the Honor Code can be found at http://www.colorado.edu/policies/honor.html and at

http://www.colorado.edu/academics/honorcode/