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POBox1626,D
Dubai,U.A.E.
Tel:(09714)33331362
Fax:(09714)33331283/33320
096
Email:abbaralu
u@emirates.neet.ae
Website:http:///www.alabbarrgroup.com

4088 : Bin
n Samik
kh Hottel Tow
wer



Analy
ytical De
etermin
nation o
of Wind Pressures


 

4088-S-1
4
101



R0

Decemb
ber 19, 2011
2



Prepared
d by:
Kristtoffer Jake
e T. Yalong, C.E
AAB
A
Alumin
nium

Checke
ed by:
I.R.Itum, C.E.
AAB Alumiinium


4088-S-101-R0v0

Page 1 of 20

Contents
PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

Chapter

Date:

19-Dec-2011

Title

(a)

Title Sheet

(b)

Contents

Chapter 01

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

General Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressure


01 Building Parameters
02 Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures
03 Wind Direction Cases

Chapter 02

Wind Direction Case 1


01 Pressure Coefficients
02 Wind Actions
04 Wind Zones

Chapter 03

Wind Direction Case 2


01 Pressure Coefficients
02 Wind Actions
04 Wind Zones

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

(b) Contents.xmcd

1/1

Page 2 of 20

Chapter 01. Introduction


PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

Date:

19-Dec-2011

01 Overview

Figure 01-1. General building layout

Figure 01-1. General building elevation

This calculation volume presents an analytical determination of wind pressures to be used in the design of main
facades for the tower using BS EN 1991 1-4:2005 Eurocode 1 part 1-4.
Bin Samikh Hotel Tower is located less than 1km from the sea coast at Doha, Qatar, it is a 40-storey tower having a
total height of 205m from ground.
The structure is considered to be rectangular in plan and section to carry out a standard analysis. Two cases were
considered in the analysis to account four orthogonal wind directions that results into positive and negative net
pressures and are presented in zones for the four faces/sides, a table is also provided for a summary of the net wind
pressures per floor (see Chapter 04).
Wind zones at front, right & left face/side are based on a reference line taken as 15 from grid X1 or X2 and grid X4 or
X5 on plan.

02 Basic Information and Requirements


Location of building:

Doha, Qatar

Hourly wind speed:

28m s

Standard/Code:

BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 Eurocode 1 Part 1-4: General Actions-Wind Actions

SE: I.R. Itum


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

01 Introduction.xmcd

1/1

Page 3 of 20

Chapter 02. General Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures


PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

Date:

19-Dec-2011

01 Building Parameters
Reference: EC-1 EN-1991-14:2005 ; NA to EN-1991-14:2005
FLOOR

TopofRoof3
TopofRoof2
TopofRoof1
Roof
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Mezzanine
UpperGround
Ground
SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong
Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

HEIGHT,z
(m)

205.30
190.40
184.80
181.30
174.30
169.00
164.20
159.40
155.80
152.20
148.60
145.00
141.40
137.80
134.20
130.60
127.00
122.20
118.60
115.00
111.40
107.80
104.20
100.60
97.00
93.40
89.80
85.00
81.40
77.80
74.20
70.60
67.00
63.40
59.80
56.20
52.60
47.80
41.20
36.40
32.80
28.00
23.20
17.80
11.60
6.95
3.70

205.3m

43m

02 General Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures.xmcd


1/3

Page 4 of 20

02 Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures


02-1 Basic wind velocity
directional factor
Cdr 1.0
Cseason 1.0 seasonal factor
v b0 28m s

fundamental value of basic wind velocity

v b Cdr Cseason v b0 28 m s basic wind velocity


02-2 Mean wind velocity

z0 1 m

corresponding z0 of the site's terrain category, Table 4.1

zmin 10 m corresponding zmin of the site's terrain category, Table 4.1


zmax 200m
z0II 0.05m z0 of terrain category II, Table 4.1

z0
k r 0.19

z0II
Cr.( z) k r ln

0.07

0.234 terrain factor

roughness factor

z0

Cr( z)

Cr.( z) if zmin z zmax


Cr. zmin if z zmin
Cr. zmax if z zmax

Co 1.0

orography factor

v m( z) Cr( z) Co v b mean wind velocity

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

02 General Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures.xmcd


2/3

Page 5 of 20

02-3 Wind turbulence


k I 1.0

turbulence factor

v k r v b k I 6.561 m s standard deviation of turbulence


Iv( z)

v
v m( z)

turbulence intensity

02-4 Peak velocity pressure


3

1.25kg m

air density

Ce( z) 1 7 Iv( z)

exposure factor

q b( z) 0.5 v m( z)

basic velocity pressure

q p( z) Ce( z) q b( z) Peak velocity pressure

03 Wind Direction Cases

Case1

Case2

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

02 General Wind Velocity & Velocity Pressures.xmcd


3/3

Page 6 of 20

Chapter 03. Wind Direction Case 1


PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

Date:

19-Dec-2011

01 Pressure Coefficients
Reference: EC-1 EN-1991-14:2005 ; NA to EN-1991-14:2005
d 31.46m
2

b 36.4m

b 29.42m

WIND

d 28.06m
1

Figure 01-1: Building plan profile with wind direction case 1

h max z 205.3 m
d min( d ) 28.06 m
b max( b ) 36.4 m
h
d

7.316

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

03 Wind Direction Case 1.xmcd


1/5

Page 7 of 20

01-1 External pressure coefficient

Cpe.1 1.0 external pressure coefficient for wind zone D(windward)


T external pressure coefficient for wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Cpe.2 ( 1.4 1.1 0.5 0.7 )

01-2 Internal pressure coefficient

0.2 internal pressure coefficient based on note 2 of 7.2.9 of Eurocode 1-4

0.3

Cpi

02 Wind Actions
02-1 Reference height
h 205.3 m
2 b 72.8 m
h 2 b
h div 10
n ze h div 2 12
h strip

h 2 b
h div

13.25 m

i 1 n ze

ze.1
i

h if i = 1
b if i = n ze
b n ze i h strip otherwise

205.3
168.9
155.65
142.4

129.15
115.9
ze.1
m reference height for
102.65
wind zone D

89.4

76.15

62.9
49.65
36.4

ze.2 h 205.3 m reference height for


wind zone A,B,C & E
SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong
Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

03 Wind Direction Case 1.xmcd


2/5

Page 8 of 20

zi.1 ze.1

internal reference height for wind zone D(windward)

zi.2 ze.2

internal reference height for wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

02-1Wind pressures
External wind pressure

we.1 q p ze.1 Cpe.1

wind zone D(windward)

we.2 q p ze.2 Cpe.2

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Internal wind pressure


i
wi.1 q p zi.1 Cpi
i

wind zone D(windward)

wi.2 q p zi.2 Cpi

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

i 1 rows Cpi

Net wind pressure


i

wn.1 we.1 wi.1


i

wind zone D(windward)

wn.2 we.2 wi.2


1

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Table 02-1 Net Wind Pressures


Reference
Height,ze
(m)
205.3
168.9
155.65
142.4
129.15
115.9
102.65
89.4
76.15
62.9
49.65
36.4

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneC

ZoneD(windward) ZoneE(leeward)

Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40

1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35

1.40
1.34
1.31
1.28
1.24
1.20
1.16
1.11
1.06
0.99
0.92
0.82

2.28
2.18
2.13
2.07
2.02
1.95
1.88
1.81
1.72
1.61
1.49
1.33

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70

Table 02-2 Maximum Net Wind Pressures


Reference
Height,ze
(m)
205.3
168.9
155.65
142.4
129.15
115.9
102.65
89.4
76.15
62.9
49.65
36.4

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneC

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

ZoneD(windward) ZoneE(leeward)
2.28
2.18
2.13
2.07
2.02
1.95
1.88
1.81
1.72
1.61
1.49
1.33

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

03 Wind Direction Case 1.xmcd


3/5

Page 9 of 20

03 Wind Zones
e min( b 2 h ) 36.4 m
d 28.06 m
ed

d A

e
5

e
d

1.297 < 5

7.28 m length of wind zone A

WIND

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

03 Wind Direction Case 1.xmcd


4/5

Page 10 of 20

Summary for Wind direction Case 1


WINDPRESSUREONSURFACE,qn(kPa)
FRONTSIDE
FLOOR

BACKSIDE

RIGHTSIDE

LEFTSIDE

WINDWARD

LEEWARD

WINDWARD

LEEWARD

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneA

ZoneB

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.13
2.13
2.13
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.02
2.02
2.02
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.13
2.13
2.13
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.02
2.02
2.02
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

TopofRoof3
TopofRoof2
TopofRoof1
Roof
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Mezza ni ne
UpperGround
Ground

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

03 Wind Direction Case 1.xmcd


5/5

Page 11 of 20

Chapter 04. Wind Direction Case 2


PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

Date:

19-Dec-2011

01 Pressure Coefficients
Reference: EC-1 EN-1991-14:2005 ; NA to EN-1991-14:2005
b 31.46m
2

d 36.4m

d 29.42m

WIND

b 28.06m
1

Figure 01-1: Building plan profile with wind direction case 1

h max z 205.3 m
d min( d ) 29.42 m
b max( b ) 31.46 m
h
d

6.978

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

04 Wind Direction Case 2.xmcd


1/5

Page 12 of 20

01-1 External pressure coefficient

Cpe.1 1.0 external pressure coefficient for wind zone D(windward)


T external pressure coefficient for wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Cpe.2 ( 1.4 1.1 0.5 0.7 )

01-2 Internal pressure coefficient

0.2 internal pressure coefficient based on note 2 of 7.2.9 of Eurocode 1-4

0.3

Cpi

02 Wind Actions
02-1 Reference height
h 205.3 m
2 b 62.92 m
h 2 b
h div 10
n ze h div 2 12
h strip

h 2 b
h div

14.238 m

i 1 n ze

ze.1
i

h if i = 1
b if i = n ze
b n ze i h strip otherwise

205.3
173.84
159.602
145.364

131.126
116.888
ze.1
m reference height for
102.65
wind zone D

88.412

74.174

59.936
45.698
31.46

ze.2 h 205.3 m reference height for


wind zone A,B,C & E
SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong
Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

04 Wind Direction Case 2.xmcd


2/5

Page 13 of 20

zi.1 ze.1

internal reference height for wind zone D(windward)

zi.2 ze.2

internal reference height for wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

02-1Wind pressures
External wind pressure

we.1 q p ze.1 Cpe.1

wind zone D(windward)

we.2 q p ze.2 Cpe.2

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Internal wind pressure


i
wi.1 q p zi.1 Cpi
i

wind zone D(windward)

wi.2 q p zi.2 Cpi

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

i 1 rows Cpi

Net wind pressure


i

wn.1 we.1 wi.1


i

wind zone D(windward)

wn.2 we.2 wi.2


1

wind zone A,B,C(sides) & E(leeward)

Table 02-1 Net Wind Pressures


Reference
Height,ze
(m)
205.3
173.84
159.602
145.364
131.126
116.888
102.65
88.412
74.174
59.936
45.698
31.46

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneC

ZoneD(windward) ZoneE(leeward)

Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3 Cpi=0.2 Cpi=0.3
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93
1.93

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40

1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35

1.40
1.35
1.32
1.28
1.25
1.21
1.16
1.11
1.05
0.98
0.89
0.78

2.28
2.19
2.14
2.09
2.03
1.96
1.88
1.80
1.70
1.59
1.45
1.26

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70

Table 02-2 Maximum Net Wind Pressures


Reference
Height,ze
(m)
205.3
173.84
159.602
145.364
131.126
116.888
102.65
88.412
74.174
59.936
45.698
31.46

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneC

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

ZoneD(windward) ZoneE(leeward)
2.28
2.19
2.14
2.09
2.03
1.96
1.88
1.80
1.70
1.59
1.45
1.26

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

04 Wind Direction Case 2.xmcd


3/5

Page 14 of 20

03 Wind Zones
e min( b 2 h ) 31.46 m
d 29.42 m
ed

d A

e
5

e
d

1.069 < 5

6.292 m length of wind zone A

WIND

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

04 Wind Direction Case 2.xmcd


4/5

Page 15 of 20

Summary for Wind direction Case 2


WINDPRESSUREONSURFACE,qn(kPa)
FRONTSIDE
FLOOR

TopofRoof3
TopofRoof2
TopofRoof1
Roof
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Mezza ni ne
UpperGround
Ground

BACKSIDE

RIGHTSIDE

LEFTSIDE

ZoneA

ZoneB

ZoneA

ZoneB

WINDWARD

LEEWARD

WINDWARD

LEEWARD

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.19
2.19
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.03
2.03
2.03
2.03
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.45
1.45
1.45
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.19
2.19
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.03
2.03
2.03
2.03
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.45
1.45
1.45
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26

1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

04 Wind Direction Case 2.xmcd


5/5

Page 16 of 20

Chapter 05 General Summary


PROJECT: Bin Samikh Hotel Tower

CN: 4088-S-101-R0v0

Date:

9-Dec-2011

Table 01-1
SUMMARYOFWINDPRESSUREONSURFACE,q
n (kPa)
FRONTSIDE
FLOOR

TopofRoof3
TopofRoof2
TopofRoof1
Roof
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Mezzanine
UpperGround
Ground

POSITIVE

LEFTSIDE

RIGHTSIDE

NEGATIVE NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE NEGATIVE
POSITIVE
POSITIVE
POSITIVE
(ZoneA) (ZoneB)
(ZoneA) (ZoneB)
(ZoneA) (ZoneB)
(ZoneA) (ZoneB)

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.13
2.13
2.13
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.02
2.02
2.02
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

BACKSIDE

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.18
2.18
2.18
2.13
2.13
2.13
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.07
2.02
2.02
2.02
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.72
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.19
2.19
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.03
2.03
2.03
2.03
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.45
1.45
1.45
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.19
2.19
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.14
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.09
2.03
2.03
2.03
2.03
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.45
1.45
1.45
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26

2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81
2.81

2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28
2.28

05 General Summary.xmcd
1/4

Page 17 of 20

Table 01-2 Elevation


FLOOR

HEIGHT,z
(m)

TopofRoof3
TopofRoof2
TopofRoof1
Roof
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Mezzanine
UpperGround
Ground

205.30
190.40
184.80
181.30
174.30
169.00
164.20
159.40
155.80
152.20
148.60
145.00
141.40
137.80
134.20
130.60
127.00
122.20
118.60
115.00
111.40
107.80
104.20
100.60
97.00
93.40
89.80
85.00
81.40
77.80
74.20
70.60
67.00
63.40
59.80
56.20
52.60
47.80
41.20
36.40
32.80
28.00
23.20
17.80
11.60
6.95
3.70

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

Figure 01-1 Building plan profile and zoning

Note: Reference line is taken as 15 from grid line X1 or X2


and grid line X4 or X5

05 General Summary.xmcd
2/4

Page 18 of 20

Figure 01-2 Front Side Pressure Map

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

Figure 01-3 Back Side Pressure Map

05 General Summary.xmcd
3/4

Page 19 of 20

Figure 01-4 Right Side Pressure Map

SE: Kristoffer Jake T. Yalong


Al Abbar Aluminium

4088-S-101-R0v0

Figure 01-5 Left Side Pressure Map

05 General Summary.xmcd
4/4

Page 20 of 20