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Surah aI Baqarah (the Cow)

Surah al Baqarah (the Cow)


Surah aI-Baqarah [the Cow] - Nouman AIi Khan
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DownIoad Notes in:
PDF
Ayah 1-7 [Download MP3
from: rvingMasjid.org/BaqarahAudio.asp
] | bayyinah.com/podcast
Introduction:
This Series will not be Tadabbur-ul Qur'an detailed tafseer, but it is a Series on
Ta'leem al Qur'an Understanding and Knowing the Style of Surah al Baqarah and its;
outline, flow and connection of its aayaat.
Allah`s Messenger, Muhammad (sal Allah alayhi wasalam) said;
Lu kuIi shay'in sanaam, wa sanaam-uI Qur'an aI Baqarah - Everything has a peak,
and the peak of the Qur'an is surah aI Baqarah.
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Ayah 1:
Alif, Lam, Meem.
These are HurooI al Muqatta`aat Disjointed letters.
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We do not know their true meaning, which humbles mankind people who recite letters
in their daily speech but they do not have full knowledge of the meanings of all words.
Opinions of SchoIars:
Ar-Razi said: In surah al Fatihah, we asked Allah to guide us to the upright path`. Showing that
we cannot be guided by our own will, we need Allah`s help.
The letters in this ayah; Alif, Lam, Meem show that we cannot know and understand
everything, so we should put more hope and reliance upon Allah.
Allah lets us know that if you really want to get guidance from this Book you will ask
Allah to give you understanding of this religion, you cannot know it of your own accord.
So an arrogant attitude will prevent you from true knowledge, and submission to Allah
will open the doors for true understanding.
ash-Sha'arawi: (this is a Madani surah, in which the sraelites thought they were
extremely knowledgable, so they would mock the Arabs of being Ummi illiterate).
When Allah's Messenger recited; Alif Lam Meem, the ones who thought that they had
full knowledge of language became shocked. How can a people who are illiterate use
such letters which are only used in text?
al Kashshaaf by az-Zamakshari:
One oI the beneIits oI these letters is a rhetorical beneIit; O you disbelievers, how come you
cannot come up with a similar Qur`an to this one? Aren`t these the same letters you use in your
daily speech? So why can`t you produce a similar Qur`an iI it is not Irom Allah?
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Ayah 2:
dhaalika-al kitaabu laa Rayba feehi, hudan lil muttaqeen
That is the Book, No Doubt in it is Enormous Guidance for the Guarders against
EviI/AIIah's Punishment etc.
Dhaalika That. this is used when something is Iar away. Because the Qur`an is not in Book
Iorm yet (during
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the liIe oI Allah`s Messenger), Allah is telling us that the Kitab/book is in the heavens with
Allah. And only later you will write it down and compile it in Book Iormat.
Related words: Haadha = This.
AIso in Arabic rhetoric - to point that something is far away gives that thing an
EIevated status.
..Laa Rayba feehi - there is AbsoIuteIy No room for any doubt whatsoever in it.
when a Fat-ha/zabar is placed after the Laa [i.e. Laa raybA], this shows 'No doubt
whatsoever.'
[Later on in the surah, Allah will say; if you are in any Doubt (fee Raybin..) [al Baqarah
2:23] so we see how RaybA has more emphasis.]
..HudaN lil Muttaqeen..
HudaN [taNween] = (mufeed-ul ADhma) = ENORMOUS Guidance.
IiI muttaqeen - for those who have Taqwa.
Taqwa comes over 36 times in different forms in this surah. t is directly related to our
pursuit of guidance.
HudaN Iin-Naas - enormous guidance for mankind. This is used in other parts of
the Qur'an, but Hudan IiI muttaqeen - is enormous guidance for those who have
seeked it and do not want to disappoint AIIah.
Taqwa is not just fear. t is the attempt to 'want to protect yourself' /taking precautions.
[from; Evil, Allah's anger and His Punishment]
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Ayah 3:
aladheena yu`minoona bi-`l Ghayb, wa yuQeemoona as-Salaata, wa min maa razaqnaa hum
yuNIiquwn
Those who beIieve in the Unseen, and they EstabIish the prayer, and from what
We provided them - they spend [in charity].
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This teaches us;
1 You are not spending anything that is yours. You are giving that which Allah gave
you, back to Him (i.e. for His sake) so that He can reward you in the next life.
It is Iike transferring funds from this worIdIy account to the bank of the hereafter.
2 When you perIorm salaah |prayer| properly, you Iind it easy to spend Ior Allah`s pleasure,
because you have a good connection with Him through salaah.
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Ayah 4:
wa-aladheena yu`minoona bi maa unzila ilayka wa maa unzila min Qablika wa bi-l aakhirati hum
yuwQinoon
And those who beIieve in what was reveaIed upon you, and what was reveaIed
to those From Much (Min) before you. And especiaIIy in regards to the Hereafter,
they have Certainty.
Dr Murtaza Malik in Pakistan used this ayah in refuting new movements like Qadianis
and Nation of slam etc. who use the Quran to argue that Prophets' will come after
Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam).
Dr Murtaza Khan said; Allah tells us to; believe in what was revealed upon you
(Muhammad) and what was revealed to those before you. There is no mention of
believing in books of people who will come after Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi
wasalam.)
..wa bil Aakhirati hum yoowqinoon
and Especially with the Afterlife (because Akhirah is mentioned earlier in the sentence
structure = khtisas/Especially) they are Certain.
yoowqinoon- Eeqaan / Yaqeen - Certain = Convinced of something so much, as if
you can see it.
That is how solid our certainty is in regard to the Afterlife.
Emaan was mentioned about alot of things, but Yaqeen (Certainty) was mentioned
about the Afterlife. Since our actions of Emaan are only useful when we have certainty
of belief in the hereafter.
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Ayah 5:
Ulaa/ika alaa hudan min Rabbihim wa ulaa`ika hum-ul muFlihoon
Those are the peopIe who are commited to great guidance from their Master. And
those are the ones who are truIy successfuI.
(aFlaha) / muFlih = Farmer who has put in alot of effort in sowing his seeds, and when
his crops grow and he collects the fruit = muFlih/ Fal-lah, he sees his success and
rewards.
He puts his time and effort to see his success.
Similar words; Faa'iz
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Ayah 6:
Inna aladheena kaIaroo, sawaa`un alayhim, a-andhartahum am lam tundhirhum - laa yu`minoon
No doubt, those who have disbeIieved, it is the same upon them, whether you
warn them or not - they wiII not beIieve.
This is a particular brand of disbelievers people who Allah's Messenger warned for an
entire decade. And all that only increased was their closed mindedness and arrogance
against slam. t is these people -
Past tense: inna-aladheena Kafaroo surely those who disbelieveD (past tense)
Present tense: Not; inna-aladheena yaKfuroo surely those who disbelieve (present-
future tense)
Past tense is used, which shows that those who have been warned aIot cIearIy
with the message, and their arrogance prevents them from foIIowing the
guidance, then they wiII not be guided in the future.
When they have shown their animosity to the truth and shown stubbornness then they
will not believe.
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Why will they now not believe?
Ayah 7:
khatama Allahu alaa quloobihim, wa alaa sam`ihim, wa alaa abSaarihim ghishaawah, wa la-
hum adhaabun aDheem
AIIah has pIaced a seaI upon their hearts, and upon their hearing, and upon their
Sight is a covering, and for them is a Tough/Severe Punishment.
Why has Allah mentioned putting a Seal on their Hearts?
This surah began with;
Guidance produces Taqwa in the heart and is shown through action:
Ayah 6 & 7: those who disbelieve.. they will not believe.. Allah has set a seal upon their
Hearts. we again see that the heart is that which has disbelieved, so a Permanent
seal has been placed ontop of it.
AIIah has seaIed their Hearts permanentIy, because they have cIosed their Hearts
to the guidance.
GEM:
Now if we compare this Sealing with an ayah in surah Jaathiyah 45:23;
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Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him
astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heartand put over
his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah ? Then will you not be reminded?
Allah tells us; He has sealed their hearing first.
Now why would Allah seal their hearing in surah Jaathiyah and seal their hearts in surah
al Baqarah?
Because earlier in surah Jaathiyah 45:8 Allah told us that the disbeliever refused to
listen to the guidance so Allah sealed the disbelievers hearing first.
Who hears the verses of Allah recited to him, then persists arrogantly as if he had not
heard them. So give him tidings of a painful punishment.
n surah al Baqarah we are being told that these people refused to believe in the
guidance with their hearts and had doubts even though they saw the miracles, so
Allah has sealed their hearts.
This is amazing precision oI the Qur`an word useage.
..Wa 'alaa aBsaarihim ghishaawah and upon their Sight is a Cover.
So these people see, but they do not see clearly. They see miracles, and they deny/
reject them. They see the truth, but they call it falsehood.
Wa Iahum adhaabun aDheem - and for them is a Tough/Severe punishment.
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Baqarah
2 - Ayah 8-21 [DownIoad MP3]
Previously, Allah has told us of 2 types of people; Believers, and Disbelievers.
Now Allah talks about a 3rd category of people;
Ayah 8:
7
wa min an-Naasi man yaQoolu aamannaa bi-illahi wa bi-l yawmi-l aakhiri wa maa hum
bi mu'mineen
and from the PeopIe are he who says we beIieve in AIIah, and in the Last Day, and
they are not beIievers at aII.
And from mankind are those who say, We believe in Allah.
nteresting Language: One could say; wa min al-naasi ALADHEENA yaQooloona
aaman-naa bi-illah
Because Man and Aladheena both imply; Who/those.
Similar words: Man = Who (usually refers to the Singular.) Aladheena = Those (refers to
Plural)
AIIah purposeIIy used the word 'Man' (who) to show that One person is taIking
whiIst being in a group of peopIe. This is why it is said;
Wa min al-naasi Man (who [singular]) yaQooloona (Say [plural]) aamaan-naa bi-illah
and from the people there is he Who [singular] Says[plural] we believe in Allah...
Why?
Because AIIah is describing the hypocrite (munaafiq) who is pretending to be
amongst the beIievers, but infact he is a Hypocrite who has other hypocrites with
him.
The hypocrite and his crowd who pretend to be believers say;
Aaman-naa bi-illahi (We believe in Allah), wabi-il yawmi-il 'aakhir (and in the Final Day
[Judgment Day])
..wa MAA hum Bi mu'mineen - and they are not beIievers at aII.
There are many ways of Negating something. But to say Maa (strong negation) with the
word 'Bi' after it = this is of the strongest ways of saying 'No'.
Allah is telling us that they are not believers at all!
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Ayah 9:
8
yuKhaadi`oon Allah wa-aladheena Aamanoo wa maa yaKhda`oona il-laa aNIusaHum Wa maa
yash`uroon
They are trying to decieve AIIahand those who beIieveand they do not decieve
anyone at aII except their Own seIves, but they do not know.
yuKhaadi'oon AIIah - they are trying to decieve AIIah
wa-aladheena Aamanoo and those who believe
wa maa yaKhda'oona iI-Iaa aNfusaHum - and they do not decieve anyone at aII
except their Own seIves.
When they pretend to be believers and mingle amongst them Allah is calling them as
decievers and as spies within the community of the believers.
They try to Iool; Allah, those who believe, but they don`t Iool anyone but themselves.
Wa maa yash'uroon - and the have no reaIisation.
There are 2 basic types of Hypocrites:
1 Those who know they are not believers and spy amongst the believers for a specific
motive.
2 The 2nd type is more dangerous he doesn't know he is a hypocrite. They think
they are good Muslims. This can be any one of us. This was so scary for our Salaf
[earlier generations], i.e. Even Umar bin al Khattab that he would be worried for himself!
Allah tells us how to find the Disease of hypocrisy.
What are the symptoms Allah tells us throughout the Qur`an. One is explained as Iollows in
this surah;
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Ayah 10:
Fee quloobihim maraD, Fa Zaadahum-ullahu maraDa, wa LaHum adhaabun Aleemun,
bi maa kaanoo yaKdhiboon
in their Hearts is a disease, so AIIah has Increased their disease, and EspeciaIIy
for them is a PainfuI Punishment, for what they continuousIy Lied.
Fee quloobihim maraD in their Hearts is a disease
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Fa Zaadahum-ullahu maraDa so Allah has ncreased their disease
So this is a fatal heart disease.
wa LaHum adhaabun Aleem -
And they especially [because 'LaHum = For Them' is placed earlier in the sentence to
signify 'Especially'] have Painful punishment.
AIIah toId us that the disbeIievers wiII have a 'Tough'/great (aDheem) punishment.
But He warns the hypocrites of an EspeciaIIy PainfuI punishment (an even
severer warning.)
AIeem:- AIam = Pain aIEEm = CONSTANT pain.
Adhaab = Punishment.
So Allah is warning the Hypocrites of a Pain which is Constant and does not End you
always feel that same level of constant Pain. (imagine having a constant toothache,
how bad it is. And a constant punishment in the lowest parts of Hell is so unimaginably
painful. We ask Allah to save us from His punishment, ameen.)
This is an even worser punishment than the punishment of the disbelievers. And Allah is
always severer with the hypocrites than the disbelievers.
We will see how throughout this surah how this surah deals with purifying the heart,
and eman (belief). And in the next surah aal mran (3rd surah) there is more focus on
slaam (doing rituals/actions of the religion.)
Bi maa kaanoo yaKdhiboon - because of the Iies they continue to make
Istimraar: Kaanoo (past tense) - used to yaKdhiboon (present tense) - continue
toLie
Merging the past and present tense shows Strong emphasis that they Persist in Lying in
the past and the continuous present.
This is a strong disease of the hypocrite which we have to avoid so we are not
hypocrites - Lying.
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Ayah 11:
10
wa idhaa Qeela lahum aaminoo kamaa aamana an-Naasu Qaaloo anu`minu kamaa aamana as-
SuIahaa`, ALaa innahum hum us-SuIahaa`u wa laakin laa ya`lamoon
When it is said to them - why don't you have beIief - Iike the peopIe beIieve, They
(Iook at the emigrants/true beIievers and) say; You want us to be beIieve Iike
these fooIs/ignorant? No, it is indeed these peopIe who are the ignorant, and they
do not know (how fooIish they are).
When it is said to them why don't you have belief like the people believe (i.e. like
those who have proven their belief i.e. Abu Bakr, Umar etc.)
They (look at the emigrants and) say; You want us to be believe like these fools/
ignorant? (sufahaa)
The hypocrites would accuse the righteous like Abu Bakr etc. of being foolish that they
left their businesses etc. for the religion. And sarcastically saying how foolish they are
for giving up their 'normal' lifestyle and giving it up for an slamic cause.
Someone could even say that those who insult the righteous before us (i.e. The
sahabah/companions of the Prophet) and saying they are people of old who were
foolish they might also be warned in these aayaat.
These hypocrites insult the believers by saying that they are foolish and ignorant for
following the religion whole-heartedly so Allah defends the believers and responds by
telling us that it is the hypocrites who are the ignorant and foolish, but they do not know.
'No, it is indeed these people who are the ignorant, and they do not know (how Ioolish they
are).
So Allah has 2 emphasises; in one place Allah tells us and they do not percieve
it (their ignorance), and in ayah following it He tells us they do not know (their
ignorance.)
So another Conclusion derived from this is that Hypocrisy results from a lack of
knowledge. They do not know their own ignorance.
And later in the surah Allah tells us how to leave hypocrisy, through following the
Legacy of Prophet brahim/Abraham (peace be upon him.)
and who wants to leave the legacy of brahim, except the one who fools himself. Truly,
We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous.
[Baqarah 2:130]
And Allah tells us the sacrifices brahim does, and how his sacrifices are a sign of his
intellect (and whoever abandons sacrifices is the fool.)
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Ayah 14:
wa idhaa laQoo aladheena aamaanoo Qaaloo aamannaa, wa idhaa Khalaw ilaa
shayaaTeenihim, Qaaloo innaa ma'akum innamaa nahnu mustahzi'oon
And when they come face to face with those who beIieve - they say "we beIieve".
And when they are aIone with their deviIs, they say "SureIy we are with you, we
were onIy making fun."
When they come to those who believe they say "We have emaan/belief
When somebody comes to you and says I believe` or I believe alot` everytime they see the
believers. You can see that they Ieel they have to prove themselves, even though they havn`t
been asked to prove themselves continuously.
All this is because the hypocrite has a guilty conscience.
It is like a child -without being asked- tells his parent that I did not write on the wall today.`
This statement seems strange because the parent did not ask the child. And iI the child was not
guilty he would not be trying to prove his innocence. By saying 'I did not write on the wall
today, he most probably wants to cover up his guilty conscience.
The Example of Abdullah ibn Ubayy (Head of the Hypocrites):
The leader of the Hypocrites, Abdullah ibn Ubayy who was not known for his
hypocrisy then would stand up when the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi
wasalam) came, and he would tell the believers to listen attentively because the
Messenger of Allah is about to give a speech.
The believers would listen to the speech anyway, even if Abdullah ibn Ubayy didn't
say his statement. But he used this technique to try to prove his claim of belief to the
masses (although inside he was a guilty conscioussed hypocrite.)
But after the Battle of Uhud Abdullah ibn Ubayy left the battle field and did not support
the believers. This exposed his hypocrisy.
So that the next time Allah's Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) gave a speech
in the Masjid. Abdullah ibn Ubayy got up to tell the believers to listen attentively to the
Messenger of Allah. But when he was about to say this the believers pulled him down
because now people realised he was a hypocrite who only said things, but did not act
upon them.
But due to the Sahaba pulling him down. He became furious and left the Jumu'ah
(Friday) Prayer.
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At the entrance of the Mosque some companions/sahaba told him why he's leaving
the prayer, and that he should make istighfar (repentance/seeking forgiveness.) So he
got angry and said he does not need to pray.
Just like Allah`s Messenger described the hypocrite;
Wa idhaa khaasama, fajarah. when he is criticized he explodes in anger.
So Allah is telling us; When they come Face to Face with the believers they say "we
believe.
[LaqaW (Plural) - of Liqaa = they are coming Face to Face with something else.]
..wa idha khalaw ilaa shayaaTeenihim and when they are alone with their devils
KhaIaw - khaIwah - to be AIone/SecIusion
Qaaloo inNaa ma'akum they say surely We are with you
nna maa nahnu mustaHzi'oon surely we were doing nothing but mocking/joking/
messing about.
mustaHzi'oon - Huzuwa - mocking/joking.
These people were meeting with people who were pure enemies of slam (disbelievers).
They would tell them the secrets of the Muslims, and take these people who have pure
hatred for slam as close friends.
O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves, for
they will not spare you [any] ruin. They wish you would have hardship. Hatred has
already appeared from their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater. We have
certainly made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason. [aal mran 3:118]
These hypocrites do not understand, they are foolish in believing that these disbelievers
really love them. When the disbelievers are using them (the hypocrites.)
The hypocrites would say to the devils (from the disbelievers who opposed the religion)
that 'we are with you we were only joking when pretending to be believers.'
So we see that the Hypocrites try to make both sides (the believers and disbelievers)
happy, while both sides are not really happy with them (but rather they are suspicious of
them).
Amazing Useageof the word MuNaafiq [Hypocrite]:
The language oI the Quran is extremely amazing because the word Hypocrite` is muNaaIiq.
muNaafiq comes from the word - Naafaqa = a Lizard's hoIe.
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Lizard: The Lizard of the desert makes two holes in the ground. So that if a fox or wolf
comes to chase him from one hole the lizard can run out of the other hole.
Hypocrite:; the hypocrite enters slam from one hole and leaves slam from another
hole. He also goes into one hole of slam and then comes out of another hole secretly to
approach the devils from amongst the disbelievers.
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Ayah 15:
Allahu yastahzi`u bihim wa yaMuddu-hum Iee Tughyaanihim ya`mahoon
It is AIIah who is making fun of them, and He extends for them their RebeIIion
(whiIe them being) bIind in their heart.
t is Allah who is making fun of them.
1 Allah will humiliate them in this liIe. So both the believers and disbelievers don`t respect
them. 2 Allah will humiliate them on Judgment Day.
And He extends them in their Rebellion [Tughyaan], (while them being) blind in their
heart.
Amiha blind in the heart. [similar: Amiya - blind in the eyes.]
Allah gives them more opportunities for them to do more evil deeds, more sins, and He
makes it easy for them to do that.
Dr. Abdul Samee (Nouman`s teacher) said about this;
f you put a dog on a really long leash/rope the dog runs really fast thinking he is free.
As he reaches the peak of his assumed freedom the leash reaches its full length
stretch, and the dog is tightly pulled and chokes on the leash.
Allah tells us;
Surely the hypocrites are in the lowest part of the fire, and never will you find for them
a helper [an-Nisa' 4:145]
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Why? Because they themselves got themselves their due to their evil sins.
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Ayah 16:
Ulaa'ika aladheena ashtaraw al-Dalaalata bi-l huda, Fa maa Rabihat tijaaratuhum, wa
maa kaanoo muHtadeen
It is those who have purchased misguidance in exchange for guidance, then their
trade did not give them any benefit at aII, and they were not guided.
UIaa'ika aIadheena ashtaraw aI-DaIaaIata bi-I huda.. - It is those who have
purchased misguidance in exhchange for guidance.
These people were in the presence of Allah's best Messenger, Muhammad (sal
Allahu alayhi wasalam) and heard the Quran being recited from his mouth yet they
disbelieved in him and opposed him.
They exchanged guidance for misguidance.
Fa maa Rabihat tijaaratuhum then their trade did not give them any benefit at all.
wa maa kaanoo muHtadeen and they were not guided.
muHtad - someone who Makes an effort to be guided.
So Allah is telling us that they never made an eIIort to be guided. So these people casually came
into Islam, and they weren`t serious about being committed to it.
So they would easily leave it just as they entered it without being serious about it.
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Ayah 17:
mathaluhum ka-mathali-aladhee istawqada naaran, fa lam-maa aDaa'at maa Hawlahu
dhahaba-Allahu bi-noorihim wa tarakahum fee Dhulumaatin laa yuBSiroon
Their exampIe is Iike the one who KindIed a fire, but when it iIIuminated what was
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around him, AIIah took away their Iight and Ieft them in darkness [so] they couId
not see.
Their example is of someone who lit a fire,
ParabIe - 2 degrees of Nifaaq (Hypocrisy):
So imagine this as a scene:
Their example is of someone who lit a fire. (so we can imagine it being purely dark and
then suddenly someone lights a fire so gradually a light shows there is pure bright
light everywhere.)
How many people lit the fire? One. (some scholars say it is referring to Prophet
Muhammad, others say Prophet Moses (alayhim Salaam) because he will be mentioned
later in the surah.)
..dhahaba Allahu bi nooriHM Allah removes THER light.
So Allah is now talking about Him removing their` light.
Who are these people whose light Allah removes?
Noor in classical Arabic poetry would also refer to aBSaar- Vision, the ability to see.
So Allah removed their sight after they preferred misguidance over the light of guidance.
So AIIah removed their Vision, and removed their abiIity to See the Guidance.
Wa taraqa-hum fee dhulumAAT
Taraqa - abandoned fee - in DhuIumAAT - DarknesseS.
So Allah abandoned them and left them in many darknesses upon darknesses.
So there are different degrees of darknesses and different degrees/levels of hypocrisy.
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Ayah 18:
Sumun, bukmun, umyun, Ia hum laa yaRji`oon.
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Deaf (not able to Hear), Mute (not able to Speak), Blind (not able to See) so they will
not Return.
There is no and` inbetween them. Which means they are ALL 3 at the same time.
Now imagine being in the desert, and these peopIe cannot 'hear', can't 'speak',
and are 'bIind' - aII at once.
This means that no-one can guide them or help them, and these people cannot ask
others to guide them either. And they cannot imitate others in guidance due to being
blind to the truth.
They are a lost cause and are blocked off from guidance in every way.
Fa hum laa yaRji'oon so they will not Return.
These people were in the Light, but they lost the light by not being sincere to it. They
did not stay committed to it sincerely, so they lost it and were lost in darknesses of
misguidance.
We ask Allah that we remain sincere to His guidance, ameen.
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2nd example of Hypocrisy:
Ayah 19:
aw kaSayyibin min as-samaa`i Ieehi Dhulumaatun wa Ra`dun wa Barqun, yaJa`aloona
aSaabi`ahim Iee aadhaanihim min-as-Sawaa`iqi hadhara-al-mawt, wa-Allahu muHeeTun bi- al-
KaaIireen
Or picture a dark cIoud in the sky, in which there is aIot of darkness, thunder
and Iightning. "They pIace their fingers in their ears, from (because of) the Ioud
expIosions (sawaa'iqi), being wary of death, and AIIah has compIeteIy encircIed
the disbeIievers.
Or picture a dark cloud in the sky, in which there is alot of darkness, thunder and
lightning.
These are like heavy/dark/clouds which come really low, so it looks like its night time,
even though its daytime.
And imagine these clouds raining harshly, strong wind and thunder and lightning
flashing.
The people stranded in the sea.
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'They place their Iingers in their ears, Irom (because oI) the loud explosions (sawaa`iqi).
Hadhara-aI mawt - being wary of death.
Wa-AIIahu muHeeTun bi-aI Kaafireen - and AIIah has compIeteIy encircIed the
disbeIievers.
Because Allah knows who the disbelievers are (even though they may be hypocrites
pretending to be Believers.)
But What does Allah mean by this parable/image/scenario?
The scholars say: The hypocrites are in a very difficult journey and in this journey there
are alot of scarey things happening. (i.e. when people enter slam, there are alot of
difficulties people have to pass through.)
The hypocrites are so scared of these challenges, that they put their fingers in their ears
to disillusion themselves that none of this is really happening, so that they do not have
to fulfill the slamic responsibilities.
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Ayah 20:
yaKaadu-ul barQu yaKhTaIu aBSaarahum, kulla-maa aDaa`a lahum-maShaw Ieehi, wa idhaa
aDhlama alayhim Qaamoo, wa law shaa`a-Allahu la dhahaba bi sam`ihim wa aBSaarihim, inna-
Allaha alaa kulli shay`in Qadeer
The Iightning aImost snatches away their sight. Every time it Iights [the way] for
them, they waIk therein; but when darkness comes over them, they stand [stiII].
And if AIIah had wiIIed, He couId have taken away their hearing and their sight.
Indeed, AIIah is over aII things abIe.
The lightning almost takes their eyesight away. So when the hypocrite sees the
believers performing extremely difficult tasks in the religion, the hypocrite is almost
blinded by shock (hoping that he does not have to go through such difficulty.)
"Everytime the light comes out for them they see, but when it goes again they
stand. The scholars comment that this refers to the easy good deeds. So when the
hypocrite sees easy good deeds he walks forward abit with the believers, then
suddenly stops again when he faces hardship, and sticks his fingers in his ears again.
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Allah is exposing the foolishness of the Hypocrites: Because when you are deserted in
travel and it is dark and thundering is it a good idea to put your fingers in your ears?
Does that even benefit you at all? t doesn't.
f Allah wanted to He could take away their hearing and seeing.
So this parabIe was about Iess worse hypocrites, or peopIe with weak emaan.
Allah is warning them that if they do not stop their evil acts of hypocrisy (lying, cheating
etc.) Allah may misguide them like He did for the 1st parable of hypocrites.
n the previous example Allah told us how He did remove the hypocrites; hearing,
speaking and seeing.
n this example He is warning people with weak emaan not to have attributes of the
hypocrites otherwise He may also remove their hearing and speaking.
InAIIaha 'aIaa kuIIi shay'in Qadeer - No Doubt, AIIah is capabIe over aII things.
Aayaat Discussion Summarized:
The disbelievers were talked about Briefly. The believers were talked about briefly. But
the hypocrites were talked about in extreme depth.
Why? Because the believers are clear, the disbelievers are clear. But the Hypocrite
(munaafiq) is a difficult one to understand.
So Allah spends extra time on the case which is difficult to understand. Something
which is not clear to the masses, but is deep inside of a persons heart.
AIIah wiII aIso speak indepth about the Bani Isra'eeI (Jews) throughout this surah
because there biggest probIem was their Nifaaq (Hypocrisy.)
Allah tells us their mistakes so we do not fall into their mistakes.
These 3 categories summarize mankind: - Disbelievers - Believers - Hypocrites.
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Ayah 21:
20
yaa ayyuha-an-Naasu-u'budoo Rabbakumu-aladhee khalaqakum wa-aladheena min
Qablikum la'allakum tattaQuwn
O PeopIe, ensIave yourseIves to your Master, the One who created you and those
who came much before you - SO you aII can protect yourseIves.
Taqwa in this ayah means 'protect' (i.e. 'ward off' harm from) yourseIf.
This ayah is a call to all of mankind.
Allah says;
This surah began with:
That is the Book, guidance for those who have Taqwa (people who actually do protect
themselves from Allah's anger, His punishment, and from hypocrisy.)
So we see a Common Trend of Taqwa in this surah.
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[Download 25 - Ayah 23 Audio MP3 [
Ayah 23:
Wa in kuntum Iee raybin min maa nazzalNaa alaa abdiNaa, Ia`too bi Sooratin min mithlih -
And if any of you are in doubt from what We have sent down upon Our slave, then bring
a Surah that is anything like it...
Allah`s Messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon him) had spent around 10years in Makkah with
constant Warning against the evil and corrupt
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practises of the polytheists (i.e. killing innocent daughters, oppressing the orphans and
weak etc.), and he gave Good news for those who stopped corruption and Believed
that they would have a great reward.
Yet the disbelievers persisted in their ungratefulness and rejected the message. They
made false accusations against the message, saying that it had been forged by other
humans etc.
So after 10 long years of nviting the people to the Divine Book/Guidance, and 10 long
years of rejection by the disbelievers - Allah put forward a challenge to the deniers.
f you really think this is the word of an insane, liar or plagiarizer or old stories, then;
"Produce a Surah simiIar to it."
The Polytheists, Jews and Christians were baffled and could not produce any surah
(commonly translated as 'chapter') like a surah in the Quran. And these people had
Arabic as their first language, and also were Masters of Classical Arabic. Yet still they
could not respond to the challenge.
This lack of response showed their inability, which shows that if the Masters of Classical
Arabic could not plagiarize something like it, then their claim that Prophet Muhammad
(sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) plagiarizing it from someone else is even more of a false
and exaggerated claim.
When Allah says produce a surah like it it has to stump/shock (dumbfound), make
emotional to the extent of Tears the experts of Classical Arabic as occurred to: -
Tufayl bin 'Amr al-dawsi (who converted to slam on the moment of hearing it.) - 'Utbah
ibn Rabee'ah. (when he heart Surah Fussilat.)
After many years of calling the Quran; a Lie, Stories of Old, Plagiarizarion etc. One of
the last Accusations of Quraysh put forward was that the Quran is Magic.
The Messenger of Allah would recite the Quran and it had so much overwhelming
power on the people, that they would start to cry (even the disbelievers themselves!
). This shows that they recognized the Quran was something which is not 'normal'
speech, but speech which is 'supernatural'.
This is the Challenge, this is the effect a person has to produce when they are
attempting to 'produce a surah like it.'
We ask Allah that He allows us to understand His Book deeply and allows us to Iollow it`s
teachings sincerely.
..wa-d'oo shuhadaa'akum min doon-iIIahi inKunTum Saadiqeen - and caII upon
your witnesses, any you have besides AIIah, if you are TruthfuI ones.
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And if any of you are in doubt about what We have sent down to our sIave, then
bring your witnesses - any you have [inferior/duwn] besides AIIah, if you are
truthfuI ..
This shows Mahaara/Expertise. Allah did not say 'bring your Experts'. Rather, Allah said
bring your Witnesses, which covers a much more wider group of those who witness the
Qurans miracle.
So don't just bring your Experts, but bring all the witnesses you can for help even your
false gods/idols! Even they won't be able to produce a surah like this. Allah is mocking
their gods by implying that if they were truly gods or equals with Allah, then they would
be able to produce a similar chapter like that of the Quran. But none of them are able to
do that. Showing a mockery and the falseness of their beliefs.
The 2nd meaning is; 'the Witness of Truth' was the most eloquent speaker of
the 'Arabs. They were the most respected and Leaders of society due to their deep
knowledge of the Arabic language.
These people would be able to study speech and find out if an expert is speaking
certain words, or if it is the words of an insane/mad/crazy person.
Experts were called Witnesses` in ancient arabic because they testiIy iI something is valid and
true/correct or not.
So Allah challenges them to bring their Expert critics. And there were times when the
arab polytheists actually did this.
.e. Waleed ibn al Mugheerah who was one of these Expert Witnesses praised it, but
out of arrogance and pride he never submitted to it and instead said that this Quran is
magic (whilst admitting that it is something 'supernatural/out of this world'). [see surah
Mudathir 74:11-26]
He admitted it wasn`t poetry, nor the word oI a mad person. II people heard these claims they
might try to hear what it`s about. So by saying magic which breaks Iamilies people would run
away and not want to hear the Qur`an.
Wa-ad'oo shuhadaa'a min DUWN-illah.. and call your witnesses besides Allah
The word; Duwn = Lesser.
Allah could have used the word Ghayr` which means without`. Meaning; call your
witnesses without` (ghayr) Allah iI you are truthIul.
But Allah said; min Duwn-illah = (call your witnesses) [who are] nferior to Allah..
Allah is telling them that even if you did bring any witnesses or critics or helpers to
produce a chapter similar to the Quran they are inferior than Allah and Lesser than
Him. So call any of them besides Allah you will not be able to produce similar to this
Qur'an.
How are you going to compete with Allah?
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Then Allah says;
Ayah 24:
f infact you have not been able to do so [Lam - Past tense], and you will never be able
to do so [Lan - Future tense], then Protect yourselves/be Cautious of/Fear (watch out!)
from the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones, promised for the Ungrateful Deniers.
This surah started with Allah telling us that this Book is a Guidance for those who
Protect themselves (muttaqeen). Since the disbelievers didn't want to follow the
guidance, nor did they want to protect themselves then Allah is sarcastically telling
them then protect yourselves from the Fire whose fuel is men and stones!
Theme: This surah has alot of Sarcasm against the strong/committed Disbelievers. (i.e.
see al Baqarah 2:15, 2:24, 2:93, 2:175)
Baqarah 2:93 Evil it is what your (Jews) Emaan/belief commands you to do.. (this is
sarcasm because the jews are supposed to be following and having Emaan/belief in
Allah and doing good, but their sinful attitude makes them have bad Emaan/belief and
do bad actions.)
Baqarah 2:175 What (amazing/ Maa of ta'ajjub) patience [the disbelievers and
hypocrites] have on the Fire of Hell. (Allah is being sarcastically amazed at the patience
of the disbelievers in wanting to be in hell, and making us imagine them in hell and how
patient can they really be there?)
..al-Naara al-latee waQoodu-haa al-Naasu wa-al Hijaarah - the Fire which is Kindled
with People and Stones.
This Iire`s Iuel is not wood, or oil, like Iuel Ior Iire is in this world. But its Iuel is only 2 things;
Humans (who deserve this punishment), and Stones.
Stones;- The people would worship idols made oI Stone, so you`ll burn with your idols which
you worshipped.
Others also commented that a fire which Burns Stones and melts them (into Lava etc.)
shows the intensity of the fire of hell. [mentioned in Tafseers' and some statements of
the Sahabah/companions of Prophet Muhammad.]
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U'iddat li-al Kaafireen Promised for those who are Ungrateful Disbelievers.
Kaafir - Kafara - to Bury a seed into the ground. He - the disbeIiever - had the
seed of Truth in his heart - but he covered it with the Darkness of disbeIief.
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Ayah 25
Wa Bash-shir -iIadheena aamanoo - and give Good news to those who beIieve..
Allah could have said; i Ubash-shir -uladheena aamanoo good news for those who
believe.
ii al-taBsheer bi-iladheena aamanoo Congratulations to those who believe.
But Allah said; Bash-shir -iladheena aamanoo Congratulate (O Muhammad) those
who believe.
Allah is emphasising His Messenger`s importance. That it is he who will give the good news to
those who believe and do good actions oI the reward oI Paradise.
Allah is honoring His Messenger infront of those who are rejecting him by implying
that 'you need to follow the Messenger for him to give you the good news of
Paradise.' You cannot go to Paradise based on your own way of life.
..aIadheena aamanoo wa 'amiIu aI-SaaIihaat - those who beIieve and do Good
Actions.
Whenever Allah mentions; those who believe AND do good actions` it reIers to the good
believers.
Anna Iahum Jannaatin taJree min tahti-haa aI-aNhaar - That excIusiveIy for them
are Gardens, at the foots of which rivers fIow.
Throughout all of history, even today humans like properties which are surrounded by
beautiful Green gardens, and humans love to see water flowing (this is why the 5 star
hotels have water fountains). And people want a place to live which they own.
These are the main things all people around the world and through history always want.
So Allah is giving this reward and more in His Paradise to those who believe and do
good.
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Allah is promising those who do believe and do good; - Permanent houses with
beautiful viewing which are Custom made to how YOU want it, gardens (not one, but
many), with rivers flowing through them.
This is what Allah is promising you. But before you can get there, you might have to
emigrate from your house of this world to protect your religion and contract with Allah.
Many Sahaba had to leave their property and had become homeless in Medinah, and
would live in Masjid al Nabawi (the Prophet's Mosque in Medinah.)
So Allah is promising a huge reward but now is the time for effort.
..kulla maa ruziqoo min-haa min thamaratin rizqan
Everytime they are given provision from it, in terms of different fruits, they say -
this is what was given to us Iast time.
They are not complaining, but they are amazed and remembering back. They are
excited, just like when children like a food they say excitedly; 'remember we ate this
before!? t was really tastey.'
Wa utoobi-hee mutaShaabihaat - and they wiII be given simiIar ones.
They will look similar, but their tastes will be even better and more unique than the last
time.
Wa Iahum fee haa azwaajun muTah-harratun ..And especiaIIy for them wiII be
purified spouses (wives or husband).
One of the best things in life is to have the best property, food, and also to have
someone you can share this happiness with. So Allah is telling us that they will have
purified spouses. And He is showing us that having the best spouse in this world is a
glimpse of a beautiful marriage life in Jannah (Paradise.)
This purification is talked about in detail in surah ar-Rahmaan.
wa hum fee haa khaaIidoon - and especiaIIy in it - they wiII Iive forever.
This congratulations is given to the believers by the Messenger of Allah (saws),
because wherever the believers turn they are being called fools (sufahaa) by the
disbelievers and hypocrites.
So Allah is telling His Messenger to give the good news to the believers that you will get
the highest and best reward anyone can ever earn.
O Allah make us of the people of Your Paradise, Jannah al Firdaws, by your Mercy.
Ameen.
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Ayah 26 29 [Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 26:
Surely Allah is not embarrassed to strike an example..
Daraba mathalan (Striking an example) = i striking/hitting something which causes the
Attention of people. ii mpact the one who listens to the example has an mpact on
him, just like the one who is Hit has a great mpact Effect on him.
'Allah Ior sure is not embarassed to strike an example oI a Mosquito or even something Above
|Fawq| and beyond that (in minisculeness/smallness.)
In surah Hajj, Allah tells us that those who they call upon besides Allah, will never be able to
create a Fly even iI they came altogether (to do so.) |Hajj 22:73|
Why would Allah give such examples? Ustadh Nouman said; The example given
isn't always the main point, rather the Message behind the example is even more
important.
To make that message even more clear and meaningful Allah will give the example of
a Mosquito, or anything even smaller or bigger than that.
The teacher will use the best means to to drive the lesson across.
To understand more clearly the message being given, we see that this surah started off
describing: 1 This Quran is a Book of Guidance. 2 This Quran is an unmatchable
Miracle. 3 those who can't match the Quran want to find any excuse to reject
the Quran. So they criticize the parables and examples/lessons Allah gives. The
disbelievers of old did this, and others of today do the same. But they don't understand
Allah's parables, and their arrogance makes them make fun of what they don't
understand.
..fa amm-aladheena aamanoo FA ya'lamoona anna-hu al-Haqqu min Rabbi-him.. -
Then as for those who believe, THEN they know that it is the Truth from their Master..
The FA (Then) in that part of the ayah shows that; Whenever the believers hear the
Parables of Allah, then they Suddenly know and Realise that they are the truth and from
their Master (Allah.)
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So they submit their ntellect to Allah, and then they try to reflect on them, and the
Scholars are those who try to fully understand their meanings. [Allah tells us this in
surah al-Ankaboot 29:43]
Whereas the disbelievers doubt and mock even without wanting to understand.
Fa amma al-ladheena kafaroo fa yaQooloona; maa dhaa araadAllahu bi HAADHA
MATHALA; And as for those who disbelieve, then they are saying; What does Allah
intend by using THS Example [tamyeez]?
So the disbelievers are mocking at the signs and parables of Allah. They are mocking at
the Objects being mentioned and ignoring the message which Allah is giving.
..yuDillu bi-hee Katheeran wa yaHdee bi-hee Katheera - He misguides with it Many, and
He guides by it Many.
n this context, Allah is talking about; - the Quran and - the Parables He mentions.
The Quran will guide or misguide people based on their ntentions before reading it. f
they are seeking Guidance from it Allah will guide them. f they are seeking Criticism
for it Allah will misguide them through it.
..Wa maa yuDillu bi-hee il-laa al-Faasiqeen - And He does not misguide except the
Corrupt.
So Allah misguided them because they did not desire guidance so they had a Corrupt
intention when approaching the Quran.
All the different misguided groups try to use the Quran to prove to the people of Sunnah
(Ahl al-Sunnah) their misguidance through the Quran.
So Allah tells us that He further misguides the Corrupt through this Quran.
Who are the Faasiqeen/Corrupt?
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Ayah 27:
28
Those who Cut apart/vioIate the Covenant of AIIah after taking it firmIy..
Which Covenant is this;
1 The Covenant our Souls took when we were with Allah before we entered this world,
when Allah said 'Am not your Master?', and we all said 'Yes, no doubt we testify
and bear witness'; [see surah al A'raf 7:172]
2 Covenant of Believing in the Messengers'; When we say the Shahadah; Laa illaaha
illaa Allah, Muhammadun Rasool Allah there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is
the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him).
Then we have to accept the religion in its entirety, even iI some oI it doesn`t make sense to us.
We can not be doubters who criticize the Messenger of Allah's actions, because this is
what the Jews did to their Prophets, and the Hypocrites did to Prophet Muhammad (sal
Allahu alayhi wasalam.) f someone has such characteristics, it is likely that Allah will
misguide them.
"..Wa yaQta'oona maa 'amarAIIahu bi-hee an yuWSaIa.." - And they Cut off what
AIIah has commanded, which shouId have been StrongIy Connected/Linked.
The scholars commented that this refers to; 1 the Unity of the Muslims (the Corrupt
people/Faasiqeen wanted to cause disunity and break/Cut the ties and strength of the
Muslims.)
2 Silat-ur-Rahm (Connection of the Blood/Family). These people would cause
disunity amongst the people, especially having a bad relationship with their families and
breaking the family ties.
3 al-Shawkani said: the Hypocrites tried to Cut and Separate the connection
between the Quran, and the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam.) .e. The
Hypocrites tried to separate the Quran from the Sunnah, even at the time of Prophet
Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam). So if the Messenger commanded something,
the hypocrites would ask; where does it say it in the Quran? This is hinted at in surah
Muhammad (47).
Such a Hypocrite movement started at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu
alayhi wasalam), and still continues till today. They try to ignore the Sunnah because
they feel too 'restricted' by it. So Allah has misguided them because of their lack of
sincerety.
..Wa yuFsidoona fee aI-'ArD - And they are Corrupting in the Earth.
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They are corrupting the Earth by Cutting off and separating which Allah has
commanded to be joined.
..uIaa'ika hum-uI Khaasiroon - It is they who are the Losers.
When they cause corruption, others also suffer. So people might think that the
Corrupters are winning worldly benefit for themselves by harming others, but they are
truly Losers in the sight of Allah and on Judgment Day.
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Ayah 28 :
How can any of you DisbeIieve in and be UngratefuI to AIIah - and you used to be
dead and He brought you to Iife, then He wiII give you death again, then He wiII
give you Iife again, then to Him you wiII return..
Allah has described our whole life journey, and if you truly reflect on it it makes you
scared because you realise that no matter how much you travel in the end you will
return to Allah and be held responsible for what you did.
'O IorgetIul human, surely you are returning to your Lord a truly returning, then you will meet
Him (Inshiqaq 84:6)
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Ayah 29:
He is the One who created for you aII, everything which is on the Earth, Jamee'an
(aItogether).
The word Jamee'an (Altogether / group) has 2 implications; 1 ALL (objects) that are
ON the Earth is for us humans to use.
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2 that which is on the Earth is Ior ALL us humans (i.e. It isn`t just Ior some speciIic nation, but
rather Ior all people and colours/tribes etc.)
So it can imply either; ALL the things on the Earth, or it can imply ALL us humans as a
whole.
LA-kum = FOR you (all)
Paradise/Jannah was created FOR us to enjoy. The World/Dunya was created FOR
us to use to get to Jannah/Paradise.
..Thumma astawaa iIa-as-samaa'i fa sawwaa hunna sab'a samaawaat - AIIah rose
towards the sky and baIanced them into 7 seven skies .
This ayah is of the Mutashaabihaat verses, which means they are not Clear in our
limited human understanding. So we accept them as they are Without asking 'Kayf?'
(the question of; How?) Allah did what He did. We should not do this, based on what
Allah says in surah aal mran 3:7.
..wa huwwa bi kulli shay`in aleem -
"And only HE is knowledgable over everything. (Allah is telling us that only He knows
knowledge of everything, so we should admit that we cannot know everything. A sign
of our humble imperfection and a sign of Allah's perfection and vast knowledge and
power.)
This surah started with AliI Lam Meem that which we didn`t understand. So Allah is telling us
humans to admit that we can`t know everything.
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Ayah 30 [Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 30:
Allah told us in the previous ayah that; How can you disbelieve in Allah, and you were
dead (not existent), and then He gave you life..
1 The first person Allah gave life to was Adam (alayhi as-Salaam). So now Allah will
start to talk about him and his origins.
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2 Soon; Allah will also talk about the first slamic nation which ruled by Laws the
nation of Bani sra'eel (the Jews.)
The Messengers' before Prophet Moses would not have a full Law system by which
they ruled their people. Rather, the Messengers' would recieve Guidance from Allah
in regard to different matters i.e: how to Praise and thank Allah through Prayer, to be
a Morally good person (i.e. good to parents, relatives, neighbours etc.) but they were
not given a full detailed Law system. Bani sra'eel (Children of sra'eel the Jews)
would be the first nation with a full system; Clear Rights and wrongs, Specific Laws and
Punishments which would be executed if people of that nation went against the Law.
So Allah will discuss both Beginnings in this surah; - the Beginning origin of humans -
Beginning of the first slamic established State. And its people.
Ayah 30 continued:
"Remember When [idh] your (O Muhammad) Master said to the AngeIs, SureIy I
am One who is going to make especiaIIy in the Earth a KhaIeefah"
Idh = When (past tense). But has an impIication of; (wa adhkur) - 'and Remember/
think about the time When..'
and Remember/think about the time When Allah said to the Angels, I am going to make in the
Earth a KhaleeIah..`
KhaIeefah =
Ibn Katheer said: yaKhIufu ba'Du-hum ba'da - KhaIeefah is someone who
proceed/come one after another
i (someone who will have Children, and those children have children etc.) ii
Prophets' will come one after another throughout history.
[Note: The angels do not have children. .e. Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) was existent before
(many thousands of years before), and is still existent even now.]
slam differs from Jews and Christians, because:
1 We don't believe Adam and Eve were sent to the Earth as a punishment. Especially
if we consider that the first mention of Adam in the Quran has a mention of Allah saying
He will create a Khaleefah on the Earth (this is mentioned even before the narrative
story of Adam is mentioned.)
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2 Both Adam and Eve ate from the tree. (some of the Jews and Christians have said
that maybe the word 'Evil' derives from the name 'Eve' [blaming it on only Eve]. The
Quran says they both ate from the tree (see surah Taha 2:121)]
'..They (the angels) said, are you placing in it someone who will cause Corruption (Fasaad) in it,
And it is we who declare your perIection by Praising you and SanctiIying You..
Allah told us earlier in this surah that there were people who did cause Corruption in
the Earth (see ayah 12.) Showing that the Angels were to an extent correct in their
assumption.
We also learn that Spilling/Shedding blood unjustly is a sign of disregard of the
Perfection of Allah. .e. A person who does so does not truly comprehend the
Perfectness of Allah.
Allah created the human to be in harmony with his surroundings on Earth. So if
this person unjustly, out of lust or anger kills or harms someone else and causes
Corruption on the Earth, then this person has violated the Hamd/praise of Allah. This
person who is supposed to have an intellect has done more violence and injustice
than even an animal/beast.
He said, It is I who knows what you do not know.
The angels said humans will shed blood, and they were correct.
However, Allah told the Angels that He knows what they do not. Which means;
i There will be some people who won`t cause Corruption on Earth. Rather, they will be
Iighting against and opposing corruption. They are the Iollowers oI the Prophets`.
ii Even though this group will be a small amount, they will be a proof enough to the
Angels that Allah's point was valid.
This means that Allah is Prideful when His slaves submit to Him, follow His Messengers'
and oppose Corruption. And this is why Allah will be extremely happy with these slaves
on Judgment Day since they opposed Corruption ;
a proving Allah`s point to the Angels. b declaring Allah`s perIection and praises (Hamd) by
opposing the Corruption.
We ask Allah to make us of His slaves who He is prideful of and amazed at. So that He
shows off to the Angels about us. Ameen ya Rabb.
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Ayah 31-35 [Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 31:
33
And He taught Adam the names, aII of them.
The word; 'Al-lama [Fa'alla/taf'eel form] = Continuous/ntense Teaching.
So whenever knowledge and its teaching is mentioned, Allah is telling us that He is the
One who has taught it. He attributes ALL knowledge to Himself.
.e. Surah Rahman 55:1-4; The Abundantly Merciful (Allah), has Taught ['Al-lama] the
Qur'an, He has created the Human, and He has Taught ['Al-lama] him how to Speak
(Bayaan Conveying/communication in speech).
So when we see this ayah in surah al Baqarah, we see that Allah taught names` to Adam.
Ustadh Nouman says; Some figurative translations translate this ayah as: 'Allah taught
Adam the names of Everything.'
But this is not correct. n that case it would be; "'Al-lama Adama (He taught Adam) -
Asmaa'a Kulli shay'in (Names of Everything. or something similar.
But it has been translated by Ustadh Nouman as:
'And He (Allah) taught Adam the names, all oI them.
Some have commented: Adam was taught ALL kinds of names.
The word Kullu` Every/All in the Arabic language, but it can also imply Lots`.
(This is why there are different connotations/implications in the language meaning.)
Some scholars comment; - Adam was given knowledge oI Lots` oI things. others say: - Adam
was given Potential knowledge oI Lots`/all oI things. (he had the ability to know Lots oI things`).
Even in Modern Linguistics, it is noted that; The progression of Human knowledge has
always been based on 'Names' and Objects. So no matter what field or language you
go into of human sciences; people mention Names and Objects to understand and
explain their concepts to others. And it is said that all languages begin with Nouns/
Objects, and then Verbs and other descriptions are derived from them.
This is exactly what Allah describes teaching Adam; the Asmaa` (Names oI Objects).
34
We see that Adam has been taught names and has vast potential for a huge amount of
knowledge. Something which the Angels don't have.
So Allah asks the Angels;
'InIorm me the Names oI these iI inIact you are TruthIul (Saadiqeen)
You would think that Allah might say; InIorm me the Names oI these iI inIact you Know` (in
kuntum ta`lamoon.)
But the reason why Allah said; 'n kuntum Saadiqeen' (if you are Truthful) is based on a
previous comment of the Angels who asked Allah why He would create someone who
would spill/shed blood.
Allah is proving to them that just as you don`t know the Names oI these things the same way,
you do not know everything about Allah`s plans.
So you (Angels) are wrong in your assumptions that All humans will cause Corruption
and shed/spill blood. (there will be some who will follow guidance and try to remove
Corruption i.e. True believers).
[Note: sometimes we read Ahadeeth where Allah boasts/shows off to the Angels about
some Righteous human slaves who have fought in the cause of Allah without fleeing, or
done something to remove corruption. Allah proves to the Angels that He knows what
they did not know - that there would be some good slaves (Muslims).]
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Ayah 32
They said; SubhaanaK (we declare) Your Perfection
Subhan something which stays Constantly in its place. .e. Sabaha = he is Floating.
when a swimmer is floating without drowning = constantly in his place.
So the Angels said;
'You are constantly always PerIect, we have absolutely no knowledge except what you have
taught us..
35
The scholars comment that: the Names (Asmaa') of Objects which Allah taught Adam
were Objects of the world we live in (the Dunya). Like names of Tools for Agriculture
etc.
So when people mistakenly think that Religious knowledge is only from Allah, then this
is a misunderstanding. Rather Allah taught us Worldly knowledge too. So all advances
in worldly Sciences is due to Allah teaching it to His Prophets', starting from Adam. (.e.
Allah taught Prophet drees how to Write, Prophet Noah how to build a Ship, Prophet
Saalih of a perfect and fair Economic Finance system, Prophet Dawud how to make
light and flexible armour, Prophet Jesus advances in Medicine, Prophet Muhammad in a
perfect System for ALL Spheres/areas of life etc.)
So when people praise human inventions, they should praise Allah that He gave us
minds and knowledge of Objects (which He taught Adam) to construct them amazing
ideas.
"nnaKa anta al-Aleem ul-Hakeem Surely only You are the All* Knowing, the All* Wise.
The Angels admit that they were wrong and limited in their understanding, and that
Allah knows everything.
But then they say that Allah is al-Hakeem the All Wise. They say this because only
Allah knows the Wisdom for which He created Adam.
[*The word 'All' has been added in translation because 'AL' (The) has an implication of
someone/thing being Specific for someone. So 'Al Hamd' means 'the Praise' (so if we
imagine 'Praise' as a physical Object being Specific for someone = 'THE Praise / All of
the Praise' belongs to Allah.]
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Ayah 33
He (Allah) said; O Adam, inform them the Names of them [asmaa'i-Him'] (Objects).
'Him' [translated as 'Them'] refers to; (li dhaw-il 'Uqool Creatures with 'Aql/ntellect.)
So it includes the Names of; Nations, other Human and possibly even Jinn related
aspects.
[f it was just nanimate Objects that Adam was taught, then it would be said as;
asmaa'i- HAA'. But this was not said.]
'Then (Fa) when he inIormed them oI their names..
36
Allah used the word Fa` (Then) to show that when Allah asked Adam to name them he named
them Straightaway.
[f the word 'Thumma' (also meaning 'Then, after some time') was used, it would
mean; 'Then after some time' - Adam named them.]
This shows us that Adam (alayhi as-Salaam) was able to do so mmediately.
"He (Allah) said; Didn't tell you that am the only One who knows for sure the unseen
of the skies and the earth, and what you are exposing (tuBdoon your criticism which
you show) and that which you have been hiding (taKtumoon)
Ustadh Nouman explains that the Angels are created to always obey Allah, so they
do not have secret agendas. But he says that he believes this is the most convincing
explanation he has found about what the angels Hiding (taKtumoon);
Al Aloosi in Ruh al Ma'aani's explanation; blees (the future; Shaytaan) was given high
ranks among the angels, even though he was a Jinn. He gained this high rank, (maybe
because he did acts of worship to Allah alot) but most of all because it was a test for
him from Allah.
So the Angels didn't know as they were innocent, but blees was amongst them, and
he may have been getting jealous when Adam (alayhi as-Salaam) was being honored,
or maybe blees would get jealous in the future against Adam when Allah would tell the
Angels (and blees who was amongst them) to prostrate to Adam.
So Allah is telling them that Allah knew what blees had hidden in him (of jealousy
against Adam), or that Allah knew what blees (who is amongst the angels) will do in the
near-future.
Then suddenly Allah introduces us to this subject, in the next ayah;
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Ayah 34:
And when We said to the Angels; Prostrate to Adam, so they all Prostrated, except
blees.
Abaa he Refused. Means: to Refuse the command of someone who has Authority
over you. Show a lack of regard for the authority and disobey. [similar word: RafaDa -
he Refused between someone of an equal ranking.]
wa AST-aKbara [STaF'ala] and he Seeked/sought Greatness
37
So Allah told us a glimpse in the psyche of blees; he sought Greatness and thought to
himself; why should everyone respect this new Adam when have been worshipping
Allah for so long?
So Iblees wasn`t sincere to Allah, he just wanted to boost and raise his ego and Ialse respect.
Dr. Abdus Samee` (Nouman`s teacher said;) Allah has created us as Allah`s caretakers oI the
Earth. So even though we might have power to rule the Iull Earth, we have to admit that we are
slaves and weak in Iront oI Allah. And that we are always dependant on Him.
This is important because in all parts of life, religious or non-religious blees/shaytaan
will try to make us follow his example of disobeying Allah out of arrogance against
others. And this is what destroys the best of people.
So we have to admit we are weak slaves of Allah who are always dependant upon Him,
and there is no strength or power except from Allah.
"..wa Kaana min al Kaafireen - and he Was from the Ungrateful Disbelievers.
[Allah could have said; 'fa aSbaha min al Kaafireen' - then he Became of the
Disbelievers."]
By saying the word; 'Kaana' (Was past tense) it shows that; in the sight of Allah
(Azza wa Jal), iblees Was Always a Kaafir (Ungrateful Disbeliever) deep inside himself
and Allah exposed the disease of arrogance in his heart when he spoke back to Allah
arrogantly on that Day.
[We will see in other surahs' - when Allah mentions this story again - he mentions
different details in it. .e. blees will try to justify his sin and disobedience by trying to
give arguments to Allah why he shouldn't prostrate (do Sajdah). See: surah al A'raf
7:12]
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Ayah 35:
O Adam, settle you and your partner in the Garden
Sukoon: you were in motion and you stop somewhere and remain there. Saakin
someone who you used to be somewhere else and is placed somewhere else to Live
(i.e. Adam was placed from somewhere else into the Jannah/gardens).
38
Sukoon: does not necessarily imply Permanent Residence`.
Related word: Khuld Permanent/`Ongoing` Residence.
[There are 10 different words for 'Living' somewhere in the Qur'an. This word 'uSkun' is
one of them.]
We see that Allah did not tell Adam to stay Khuld` (ongoing and always) in the Garden/Jannah,
He said uSkun` (stay there Ior some time.)
This shows that Allah had already predestined that Adam would have to come to the
Earth, especially when we consider that Allah has taught him the names of many
Objects of the Earth world.
You and your wiIe settle in the Garden`
Allah never said you two` settle in the Garden. Rather, He said you and your wiIe settle in
the garden`. This shows that Allah honored both the male and Iemale at the same time when He
said this.
Then eat Irom this Garden/Paradise careIree/with joy/delight (Raghadan), but don`t come close
to this tree either oI you and iI you do so, you both will be oI the losers.
Raghadan - freeIy without fear / carefree.
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Ayah 36 38 [Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 36:
And shaytan caused Both of them (HumAA) to Slip (a-zalla) from t ('an-Haa)
The |'an| Haa` (|slip Irom| It/her) reIers to them slipping Irom; - Allah`s Instruction, - His
Guidance, - |'an in regards to| the Tree (tree/shajarah is a Ieminine word.)
'Then He expelled |akhraja| both oI them Irom what they were in.
The majority of scholars say that Allah expelled them both (Adam and Hawwa/Eve) from
Paradise.
39
However, some scholars say that the he` reIers to shaytaan/iblees expelling them Irom Paradise.
[Note: Allah explains events briefly in some surahs', and explains the same event in alot
more detail in another surah.
.e. Surah al A'raf (7) explains this narrative of Adam and Eve and how blees/shaytan
tricks them - in more detail than surah al Baqarah does.
The reason why this occurs is because; every surah has a Central message and
Central Themed Lessons. So Allah will mention a story in more detail when the lessons
from the story are relevant to the Theme of the surah.]
Allah told us that the Waswasa oI shaytan eIIected both Adam and Eve, and they both ate Irom
the tree. (some oI the Jews and Christians have said that maybe the word Evil` derives Irom the
name Eve` |blaming it on only Eve|.
The Quran says they both were victims of shaytans Waswasa (whisperings) and they
both ate from the tree (see surah Taha 2:121)].
..Wa qul-Naa ihbiToo - 'And We said descend..
ihbiTOO descend (plural)
The OO` |waw, aliI| at the end oI the command ihbiT (descend) is a Plural (3 or more
characters.)
t is not in Dual (2 / two characters) form [which would be ihbitAA), which shows that
Allah is not just telling Adam and Eve to descend, but also to a 3rd character - blees/
shaytan.
They were descended to Earth. Which shows that the Earth is 'lesser' in position to the
Paradise.
Ba'Da-kum bi Ba'Din 'aduw "..Some of you (one group) [will be an] enemy ['aduw] to
Another.
There will be 3 different types of enmities on the planet Earth; 1 Some Men will have
animosity/hatred against women. 2 Some Women will have animosity/hatred against
men. 3 blees/shaytaan will be an enemy to both Men and Women.
When men and women have hatred for each other it will be because of shaytaan's
influences.
n Modern Sociology and through history, there is a Social problem we see; 1 Male
Chauvinism where men feel they deserve everything and females deserve nothing. 2
Extreme Femininism where women feel they deserve everything and males deserve
nothing.
40
People might try to make compromises but they can never fully reach a fair/unbiased
solution, except if someone/thing which isn't male or female, and who knows the
full internal/external details of human beings can provide a fair solution. And who
both males and females can accept as a unified Authority then the arguments and
animosity will be settled. And this is through God/Allah and His Guidance.
"..Wa la-kum fee al 'Ardi mustaqarrun.. And in the Earth, there will be a temporary
place of rest for you.
MustaQarr a place you take Stop/tranquility/calmness in for a temporary amount of
time.
Related word: MuQaam.
"wa mataa'un ilaa Heeyn - And Utilities (for use) until a given time.
So Allah is saying that the Earth will be a temporary stay Ior us all, and a use (mataa`) Ior us
until a set time.
Mataa' a Tool which you use and do not really enjoy. (i.e. Like a cleaning cloth, or any
tool which you need to use to get your jobs done.)
[Al Asma'i: - he did research on especially this word - Mataa' (because Allah describes
this world as Mataa' so much in the Qur'an). So he would go to the desert Arabs and
would listen to what Objects they would use this word for (without telling them that this
was his intent.) But he found it hard because people would not say it naturally. And
he did not want to ask them directly what it meant because he would not get a natural
definition.
Until once he was sitting at a pond and a small girl was cleaning dishes with
a Scrubbing Brush, and a goat came and snatched it away from her. She
shouted; 'Akhadha Mataa'i' (he took my Brush!). So he writ this down in his
Commentary - that Mataa' means 'Scrubbing Brush' (i.e. a using tool.) ]
Ustadh Nouman explains: Allah is telling us that this world is Mataa', and that we should
not waste our life being attached to things which is only a Use to get to the next life. Our
money should be in our pocket or with the needy, not in our hearts.
Especially when Allah is telling us that this world is Ior a limited time only (mataa`un ilaa
Heeyn.)
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Ayah 37:
'Then (when they were sent down) '
41
Muslims believe that Adam and Eve being sent to the Earth was not a punishment. t
was part of the Allah's Divine plan before Adam was created. Yet everything that they
and their children would do would have consequences in the next life.
[Christian extremes: The Catholic christians;- thought that God punished Adam and
Eve, so they were sent to this world. As a result - they abandoned the world and locked
themselves in monasteries.
The Protestant ('Protesting/opposing') christians went to the opposite extreme of
Catholics and said that the more richer you are, the more God loves you. This is why
their Pasteurs are millionaires nowadays.
slam is the middle way - which tells us that this world is a Using Tool to get to the next
life. So your riches can be given to the needy, and also used on yourself. But you need
to show your gratefulness to Allah as a result and not be attached to this world.]
We know that this was not a punishment, although Allah did say some strong words to
Adam.
Did I not Iorbid you the Irom that tree, and did I not say to you surely Shaytaan is a clear
enemy to you both?` (surah al A`raI 7:22)
So Adam, Eve and blees/shaytaan had been placed on the Earth.
'..Then (Fa) Especially Irom his Master, Adam recieved special words, then (Fa) his Master
turned back towards him.
And Allah tells us the words He gave them;
Our Master, we have wronged ourselves, and iI you do not Iorgive us, then surely we will be oI
the losers.` (surah al A`raI 7:23)
The Fa` (then) means Then straightaway`.
[f 'Thumma' was used, it would mean 'after some time, Then..']
So Allah is showing us that just when Adam was sent to the Earth, Allah Himself chose
to give him words (out of His Mercy for Adam and Eve) by which they begged Allah
and Allah forgave them..
'..Fa taaba 'alayh' - then straightaway He (Allah) turned back to them.
Adam and Eve were sent to the Earth, and Allah taught Adam words, and they sincerely
recited them and Allah turned back to them in forgiveness.
[NOTE: Allah taught Adam the words, and he taught them to his wife. Which shows that
Allah wants the male to be a leading example in the household of teaching his women
the religion.]
42
How kind is Allah!
Tawbah (turning back to Allah for the slave in regret is loved by Allah so much, that He
converts the bad deed into a good one.) [see surah al-Furqan 25:70]
"..nnahu huwwa al-tawwaabu al-raheem - Surely it is He, He who is the One who turns
back in love (to the repenters) over and over again, the Constantly Merciful.
This ayah is so powerful. Any person who has sinned so much will think that Allah will
never forgive him.
But who can be more regretful than Adam and his wife? They were in a Jannah/garden
where they had everything they wanted. They were told directly by Allah not to eat from
the tree. Yet they fell into a mistake/slipped, and they had to leave the Jannah/garden
temporarily.
Yet they sincerely repented to Allah, and He forgave them. So no other sinner has an
excuse after hearing this from repenting sincerely to Allah.
[Ayah of Repentance: al A'raf 7:23]:
They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourseIves, and if You do not forgive us
and have mercy upon us, we wiII sureIy be among the Iosers."
Go to Top^ Lessons & Reminders from
surah al Baqarah 2: 38-44
Watch Video of Tafseer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDvtLhA_a3U
Ayah 38:
We said, 'Go down Irom it, all oI you. And when guidance comes to you Irom Me, whoever
Iollows My guidance there will be no Iear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
fa = then - whoever follows the guidance, no fear will be upon them. mantabi'a hudaaya
whoever follows my guidance this is singular, because a person may embrace slam
by themselves and feel strange in society for following it. Yet Allah is giving them the
good news that no fear will be upon them [plural] which shows that the person will find
other good believing companions in this life, and especially in the next life.
43
ya`tiyANNA kum. Really it would be; ya`tiy kum. The diIIerence is; the ANNA implies
Certainty.
ya'tee / Ataa = to Give. So the overall meaning is;
Then if GuidanceCertainly [is] given to youfrom Me.
So Allah is telling people to investigate guidance, not just any guidance, but to
investigate that it is truly guidance from Allah. This is implied by ya'tiyANNA.
There is no fear on them because when fear is in your mind, it has a greater affect on
you than just sadness. So fear is mentioned before sadness. But not all fear will leave
them [otherwise it would be Khawfa], rather for most of the part they will not be in fear.
The word Khawfun is mentioned as a Noun, which is a Permanent form. This is
interesting because Fear is permanently part of a person.
And they will not be sad sadness can be ignored, whereas fear is not as easy to
ignore. So this is mentioned after fear.
The 'hum' [them] is mentioned to emphasise that Especially them they will not be sad
(in this worldly life and on Judgment Day).
The word yaHzanoon is in verb form, which is a a Temporary form. This is interesting
because Sadness comes and goes in life.
n this world, the believers have no loss. t is a win-win situation. n hardships, they are
between Sabr and Shukr [Patience and Thankfulness]. Both are rewardable. [They will
not fear or be sad].
Whereas the disbeliever is in loss. He is in a lose-lose situation. n hardships he is sad
he has lost his time and health, in ease he is arrogant and ungrateful to Allah causing
Allah's punishment to descend.
People who misinterpret the Qur`an, they have Iallen into one oI these 2 categories;
Khawf[Fear] many Muslims who misinterpret the aayaat of Allah are scared of being
criticized so they do not discuss them, or they misinterpret them.
Huzn[grief] many Muslims are extremely angered and annoyed due to hardships they
have faced, so they make mis-interpretations based on the griefs that they have faced
in life.
Allah in the upcoming aayaat/verses tells us not to hide or misinterpret His aayaat/
verses. So we have to look at the Quran from a balanced and neutral perspective when
deriving rulings.
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Ayah 39:
44
And those who disbelieve and lied against Our miraculous signs those will be
companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.
This is contrasting with the previous ayah which spoke about following the guidance,
and this ayah is talking about disbelieving and lying against the guidance.
So it is criticizing the point of not following the guidance.
So who is the best example oI people who know the guidance is true, but they didn`t Iollow it?
|read the next ayah Ior the answer|.
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Ayah 40:
O Children of srael, remind yourselves of Myfavor which have bestowed upon you and
fulfill My covenant [upon you] that will fulfill your covenant [from Me], and be afraid of
[only] Me.
An'am - Favour/bIessing.
Allah is reminding the Children of srael that Allah did favour them, but they were
ungrateful. We as Muslims are also favoured, so we should not fall into their mistakes
otherwise Allah might remove His favour from us, just like He removed it from them.
Moses is mentioned the most in the Qur`an so that we can compare ourselves to his Ummah
|nation|.
Allah is reminding Bani sra'eel [the Children of srael] to remember the favour of Allah.
Similarly, we should remember the favour of Allah that He chose us.
Now that we remember this favour, what should we do?
We should IulIill Allah`s promise |through obedience| so that He will IulIill His promise |oI
success and reward| Ior us.
Oowfee [maJzoom] Jawab al Shart: .e. if you fulfill your Promise [Condition] Allah
will fulfill His promise.
What was the promise to Bani Isra`eel? That iI they applied the laws oI the Torah/Tawraat, They
would eat Irom above them and below them |Ma'idah 5:66|*. Allah will give them
45
everything. II you just Iollow Allah`s guidance, the reward oI the world will come to you and
even the next liIe.
And if only they had acted according to the Taurat (Torah), the njeel (Gospel), and
what has (now) been sent down to them from their Lord (the Quran), they would surely
have gotten provision from above them and from underneath their feet. There are from
among them people who are on the right course (i.e. they act on the revelation and
believe in Prophet Muhammad SAW like 'Abdullah bin Salam), but many of them do evil
deeds. [Ma'idah 5:66]
The same way, Allah has promised for our Ummah [nation];
Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that
He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted
it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion
which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their
fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever
disbelieves after that then those are the defiantly disobedient. [Nur 24:55]
iyyaaya ha faRhaboon and Fear Only Me.
So Allah is reminding His favours before reminding people to fear Him alone.
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Ayah 41:
wa Aaminoo... and come to believe..
in what have sent down, as a confirmation of what you already have [they had the Torah, and the Qur'an
confirmed the Torah] so Allah is necessitating that the people believe in the Messenger Prophet
Muhammad because he is the Messenger from Allah confirming what came of the early message of the
Torah.
Believing in Prophet Muhammad is important in this ayah because in ayah [2]:62 in this
surah, we will realise that Allah does not mention the Messenger. So believing in the
Messenger Prophet Muhammad is mentioned in this ayah, and this ayah [41] is part
of the discussion which leads to the discussion in ayah 62 of this surah.
46
We have to believe in ALL the religion 100%.
..And do not be of the first to disbelieve in it. This is emphasised because the Jews had knowledge of
previous Prophets, so the Sahaba thought that the Jews would be the first to be Muslims. But ironically,
they never. t was easier for the polytheist Arabs to become Muslim in huge numbers than it was for the
Jews, and this is what actually happened.
Allah exposes the secret agendas of the enemies of slam;
Don`t sell my signs Ior a small price; I.e. they knew Prophet Muhammad was a Messenger oI Allah, and they knew
that iI they tell everyone that a non-Jew is a Prophet, then their special status is gone. Their high status oI being the
honored people oI the Book` will be gone, so they will lose their special status in the sight oI society, and they will
have to be equals to the slaves who Iollow the Messenger, and equal to the Gentiles |non-Jews|.
wa iyyaaya fattaqoon and fear only, only Me.
This is a warning to ALL people who receive Allah`s book and revelation. Because they may interpret Allah`s book
in the wrong way out oI Iear oI the people, and not Iearing Allah. They may do this to please the people, and earn
Allah`s wrath.
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Ayah 42:
And don't clothe the truth with falsehood.
People might use the Quran and Sunnah and produce wrong conclusions for an agenda/motive this is
done using 90% truth and 10% false, yet whatever is not 100% truth then it is not the truth.
..And don't conceaI the truth whiIe you know.
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47
Ayah 43:
Establish the prayer and give Zakah [purification charity] - because when
you pray you are connecting with Allah and remembering Him much, and
purifying yourself by giving in away in charity.
And make Rukoo` |bowing| along with the BowerS |Raaki'EEN|.
The conservative Jews these days have the exact similar prayer to us today, EXCEPT
that they make rukoo' [bowing] first and then sajdah [prostration] after that. This is
proven in surah aal mran;
Unlike our Ummah where we do Rukoo` Iirst, and then sajdah;
Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe
against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling
down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. [Fath
48:29]
This time, Allah is commanding them to make Rukoo` |bowing| with those who bow i.e. the
Muslims.
Up until now, Allah has still not declared the Muslims as a separate nation. Their Qiblah
is the same, and their beliefs are similar.
So Allah is reminding them of His favours, He is almost trying to show them like a
deviated sect/group who should join back to the mainstream and obedient Muslims.
That is extremely powerful.
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Ayah 44:
This is the scariest ayah/verse.
48
Do you command people to do good, and forget your ownselves, and [yet] you read the
Book? Why is it that you don't understand?
This is the scariest ayah for people especially people of knowledge.
Then don`t you understand?
'Aql [commonly translated as 'ntellect']=to Tie. 'iqaal a rope [which the arabs would tie
around their head - which they would take off to tie their camel after they had rode it].
= control and restraint (over your emotions and thoughts) = self control, so you can
make a good Judgment.
your Aql should make you Iollow the truth when it comes to you and your judgment should not
be clouded by Ialse emotion and Ialse pride.
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Ayah 45 49
[Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 45:
The Iirst passage which addressed Bani Isra`eel (Children oI Isra`eel/Prophet Ya`qub/Jacob) is
coming to its Conclusion.
Isti`aanah seeking Awn Assistance / Help.
t is a special type of Assistance. The word is used when you are already trying to
complete a job, and you cannot finish it yourself. So you ask someone for Help/Aid/
Assistance [sti'aanah] to finish it.
Similar words: stiNSaar stiMdaad stis'aad
So Allah is telling the Bani Isra`eel (and also Muslims);
'Seek Help (asta`eenoo) by means oI Perseverance and Prayer
49
So Allah is telling; Start the effort yourself, THEN seek help through Perseverance
(Sabr) and Prayer.
Sabr Patience, constancy, perseverance, consistency, commitment. It has the literal implication
oI being tied down Iirmly on what you are aiming Ior.`
Sabr does not just apply to times of Calamity, but during all times (bad and good.) t is
all about Self-discipline.
Ibn Taymiyyah said about Sabr; 'Sabr is to have the same response during worldly ease to
worldly diIIiculty.
So Allah is ordering them; - Put effort in yourself (in the Solutions/guidance Allah will
outline for you.) - then Seek help through Perseverance, commitment, consistency in
that through Self- discipline. - Salaah (Prayer to Allah.)
The real help comes only from Allah, so you have to be patient and only that will
qualify you for Allah's help.
Salaah will get you Allah`s help.
And no doubt, it is truly huge except on those who are truly IearIul and humble.`
What is truly huge (kabeer)? 2 opinions; 1 the Salaah (Prayer) prayer is very difficult
except for those who are truly fearful of Allah. So those who aren't regular in their
prayers don't really have true fear of Allah.
2 the sti'aanah (Seeking help) is very difficult for these people. So they may pray
due to its obligation, but their patience is only temporary, and as a result they do not
get true help from Allah through their prayers. t is extremely hard for them to get this
help.
t is common for Allah to mention a Characteristic, and then explain the signs of such a
character in the aayaat after it.
Allah has mentioned the; Khaashi`een (those who are; truly FearIul, and Humble to Allah.)
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Ayah 46:
50
'These are the people who are thoroughly convinced (yaDhun-oon)*..
*`Dhan` usually means to Assume without any evidence`, but also means to be Iully sure
with the strongest conviction`. This might seem like they are opposite in meaning; thinking`
and being sure with certainty.`
[This is because Arabic is Lughat-ul Abdaad = Language of Opposites. So one word
may have one meaning, and mean its exact opposite at the same time.
Some said this might be because the Arabs Lived in Opposites i.e. They lived in the
Desert which represents Death, yet they Lived (were Alive) there.
Another example: Snake represents Death because it can kill you. But the 'Arabs called
it; Hayya (Life) because it is Alive in the dead desert.]
'These are the people who are thoroughly convinced (yaDhun-oon) that they will come Iace to
Iace (mulaaq) with their Lord
Mulaaq [Noun form = permanency] Liqaa = come Face to Face. By having it in Noun
form, it shows that it is a Permanent and fixed part of these peoples lives that they they
are certain that they will meet their Master. There is no way around it to escape.
"Wa anna ilayHi raaji'oon - and surely to Him they are returning.
Allah has used Positive reinforcement [Psychologically] to encourage them to turn back
to Him sincerely.
Now Allah will use different ways (i.e. Negative Reinforcement, and sometimes
Punishment) of encouraging them to return back to His guidance.
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Ayah 47
'O sons oI Isra`eel, make mention oI the Iavour that especially I Iavoured you with.
And Especially (AnnEE) who had given you preference over all nations.
So the conversation almost starts all over again. Allah is reminding the sons of sra'eel
(the Jews) that they were not special because of their race. Rather they were only
preferred and special because Allah had chosen them over other nations. He could
remove this favour and they would not be special anymore.
51
'Annee IaD-Daltu-kum alaa al Aalameen 'I am the One who had preIerred you |past tense|
over all oI mankind and jinn (aalameen beings with intellect.)
So Allah can take away the favour (and it seems that Allah has done so by using 'past
tense' FaD-Dal-TU-kum = favourED you all [past tense].)
Due to continuous disobedience and rejection and killing oI their Prophets`, Allah replaced the
Jews with sincere Muslims who submitted to what Allah commanded them.
'Aalameen (nations/peoples/beings/generations of the world)
Related words: Al-`awaalim (worlds)
Ayah 48: And Be cautious/mindful/fearful of a Day
Before they were told to only fear Allah (ayah 41 of this surah), but now Allah has
lowered the standard and told them;
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Ayah 48:
and Iear a Day (Judgment Day) when:
- no soul will benefit/reward/compensate any other person (i.e. a woman will even drop
her breastfeeding child [surah Hajj 22:3]), and
- no intercession will be accepted (and no-one who will try to make intercession will be
accepted),
(some people will try these (ie. offering their families going to hellfire in the hope that
they will be saved from it etc.), but they will not be accepted.) [see surah Ma'arij 70:11]
- and no equivalent/ransom/bail will be taken' (not even the planet Earth full of gold will
save them as ransom [see surah aal mran 3:91]
'..wa laa hum yuNSaroon - and they are the ones who are not going to be helped.`
By saying this, it signifies that there will be some others who will be helped. O Allah,
make us of those who you help on that Day, ameen.
52
Now Allah will give a long series oI Events which happened in the history oI Bani Isra`eel
(the sons oI Isra`eel), not in any historical chronological order. The purpose oI the Quran is not
timeline, but to drive the lesson across in the best way.
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Ayah 49 :
And When We rescued you over and over again (Naj-jay-Naa) from the children of
Pharoah, they would blacken your faces (arabic phrase meaning: cause you enormous
humiliation), they would slaughter your sons and they would allow your women (Nisaa')
to live.
Naj-jay is used Saved over and over again. [aNjay - Saved once.] Allah is telling the
Children of sra'eel (the Jews) that they could easily destroy you so you would become
extinct totally from the face of the Earth. Yet Allah saved you over and over again.
Allah also tells us that; they the oppressors killed the boys/sons, and left the women
(Nisaa') alive and violated their honour (raped them). And this would happen repeatedly
throughout history.
Furthermore, Allah used the Oppressive Acts in Present-Future tense form which
implies these events would occur throughout history (even to the weak believers in this
Muslim nation); yudhabihooNa abnaa'akum (they slaughter your sons present-future
tense), - yastaHyyooNa Nisaa'akum (they keep alive your women present-future
tense.)
"Wa fee dhaalikum Balaa'un min Rabbi-kum 'ADheem "- And in that, for all of you was
an enormous test that had come especially from your Master.
We are living in a time similar to Bani Isra`eel today, in which there are many Pharoahs/
Fir`awns, and we ask Allah that He ease our test Ior us and relieve us oI this hardship soon and
give us a near victory. Ameen ya Rabb.
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Ayah 50-54
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53
Ayah 50:
And remind yourseIves when - especiaIIy for you - We parted the ocean/sea, We
saved (aNjay-Naa-kum) you. And We caused the Iineage of Pharoah to drown.
aNjay saved once. n this context, we see that Allah only parted the ocean for them
once. So aNjay has been mentioned as 'One saving' in comparison to the previous
ayah where Allah 'Naj-jay' (saved them Many times) from becoming extinct in history.
"Wa antum taNDhuroon - And you were all Watching closely (them being drowned).
n Jewish historical accounts; some Jews actually believed that Pharoah could not be
killed, and they were convinced he was a 'god'. So when they saw Pharoah and his
army being drowned to death they were amazed.
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Ayah 51:
And remind yourseIves when We caIIed Moses (to fuIfiII our promise) for a period
of 40nights, thereafter - you heId onto the caIf ('ijI - baby cow) from [min aI-
ta'ajjub/amazement] even after that!? And you were Wrongdoers.
Allah is amazed and disappointed at them because they had seen the sea/ocean split
infront of their own eyes, and Moses led them out of slavery of Pharoah to freedom. Yet
they still doubted him!? Yet they still worshipped a God other than the God of Moses
who gave them these miracles!?
They had reached a point when they should have no doubt. But instead, their actions
showed a lack of certainty in belief.
Wa antum Dhaalimoon - And you were Wrongdoers.` -
Because the Jews throughout history attribute wrongdoing to Allah, and are known
to blame and criticize Allah. (i.e. see al Ma'idah 5:64) and there are other real life
examples.
54
All this which has been mentioned has occured in chronological order; 1 Torture and
near extinction of the Bani sra'eel (Jews) 2 The parting of the Ocean/sea, and The
Drowning of Pharoah and his army. 3 Moses being called by Allah for 40 nights.
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Ayah 52:
Then (after some time) - We Pardoned you LovingIy ('afuww), so that you may be
gratefuI.
[how they are forgiven is mentioned in ayah 54.]
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Ayah 53
:
And when We gave Moses the Book/Law and the Criterion [Furqaan]
Kitaab/Book also means Law (Shari`ah)
Furqaan [Criterion] Farq = to separate two things so they become distinct/separate/
clear from each other. Furqaan = A Book which tells Clearly the difference between
Wrong and Right categorically.
Similar word: Bayaan Bayt/Baana separating things from each other. (words derived
from it; Bayaan, muBeeyn, tiByaan)
"..La'aIIakum taHtadoon" - so that perhaps you wiII put an effort to be Guided
[iFti'aI].
It`s like; I`ve given you the road and clear path, now you have to walk down it and Iollow it.`
55
Now Allah will explain how He Iorgave them (Bani Isra`eel the Jews) lovingly |which was
mentioned in ayah 52|.
But what was the point of the message in ayah 53?
Allah told us that the Bani sra'eel (Jews) were given the Book/Law and the Criterion
(for Right and wrong) so they may be rightly guided. Their Law told them that this was
the punishment for idol worship so if they followed the Law, Allah would forgive them
Lovingly because they would be showing their dedication to Him.
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Ayah 54 :
"And when Moses said; 'O my nation, it is you no doubt who have wronged your
ownselves by holding onto the Calf intensely. So repent to your Master (Baari'i-kum)
and kill yourselves (each Jewish tribe would kill its own members who had worshipped
the calf). "
Baari' is interestingly used in this ayah. t is used alot in Hebrew for Allah as Rabb
(Master/Lord.) So amazingly the speech of the Qur'an is accurate.
This is Jewish history, and part of Jewish law. And slamic law is a continuation of the
Law revealed to Prophet Moses.
'..That is better Ior you with your Master (Baari`i-kum).
t is interesting Allah says this because humans think it is a bad thing, but Allah is telling
them that it is better for them.
f they fulfill this command in their Law, Allah will accept their repentance.
No doubt, He is the One who constantly accepts repentance |tawwaab|, the constantly MerciIul
|al-Raheem|
Allah offered His tawbah to them, so long as they followed His command. And they did
follow the Law at that time so Allah accepted their repentance.
But as time passed, they felt that they were Allah's 'saved people' who Allah would
guarantee His forgiveness to. So they historically gradually became relaxed in
implementing the Law, and did not fully follow it. They thought that if they go hell, they
will be there for
56
only a few days. So why should Allah even forgive them?
Then the Christians came: they Abandoned the Law altogether and felt that Christ died
for their sins. This is another way shaytaan fooled them.
The slamic way of Repentance/Tawbah is to obey Allah and then ask for forgiveness. f
we obey Allah and ask Him for forgiveness then in that case the door for tawbah will
constantly be open.
We ask Allah to help us obey Him and that He accepts our tawbah, always, ameen ya
Rahmaan!
Ayah 55-58
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Ayah 55:
And when aII of you said; O Moses - we wiII not surrender [LA] to/For you/give
into your demands (of kiIIing our tribesmen) .
1a Allah is saying; 'idh Qul-tum when you all said' instead of; 'when They said'.
This makes the discussion more personal because the Jews consider themselves to be
all one unified family, so when Allah talks to the Jewish listener even now he feels that
direct experience with Allah.
1b The fact that the Jews spoke and argued with Moses and not directly to Allah still
shows that Allah was still watching when they were arguing with Moses. This is why
Allah is showing this discussion from His own direct perspective.
1c f it was said:
- BI With / in (i.e. Lan nu`mina BI ka we wont` believe WITH / In you) in your belieIs.
But it was said; - La / Li after a Verb implies: Surrender give into someones demands.
(i.e. Lan nu'mina LA ka = we won't believe (submit) FOR you [and what you command
us to do.]).
n the previous ayah, Allah (azza wa Jal) had told Moses to tell the Bani sra'eel
(children of srael which consisted of 12 tribes) to kill from their own tribes the
people who had worshipped the Calf.
57
f they did that the Children of sra'eel would be lovingly forgiven by Allah as a
whole. Because they had followed the Law which Allah had given to them.
But now they had started debating Moses, and even though they had believed N [Bi]
him and seen the miracles. They were not willing to submit TO [La] his commands.
"..hat-taa naRaa AIIaha jahrah" - (we wiII not submit to you) UntiI we see AIIah
face to face.
Jahr = clearly / apparent.
"Then suddenIy, the expIosion and Ioud sound (Saa'iqah) seized you aII whiIst
you were staring"
This explosion (Saa`iqah) killed all oI them instantaneously.
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Ayah 56
:
"Then We raised you even after you had died, so perhaps you may be thankfuI."
The majority of scholars say that this literally happened. Allah caused these people to
come back to life again.
that perhaps you may be thankIul`. You would think that Allah would raise them again so they
be obedient` (tuTee`oon). But Allah said; that perhaps you may be ThankIul` (taShkuroon).
This shows us that the one who is truly grateful to Allah, is the one who is obedient to
Allah AND His Messenger.
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Ayah 57
And We cooI shaded you with CIouds (Ghamaam), and We descended upon you
Manna (Bread) and SaIwa (bird meat.)
Ghamaam = clouds which are joyful and light, as a shade for others. (not scary dark
clouds).
58
Nutrition:
Mann wheat/grain, when it came into the ground and grew they could make bread
from it. [Carbohydrates].
SaIwa - a type of bird which are easiIy catchabIe and cannot fIy away, and are
easy to cook.
Scientifically; the two most essential foods the human body needs are; Carbohydrates
and Proteins.
They have been given; Shade (like Shelter), Food (Proteins and Carbohydrates), and it
will be mentioned later that they have Water.
'Eat oI the Tayyib (good,pure) things We have provided you with
Tayyib = good and pure.
Allah has given us many good and pure things for us to eat from, so we should not go
into what He has forbidden since that is harmful and not good.
So magine; The Bani sra'eel (including; men, old men, women, children etc) had just
left Egypt and were travelling in the hot desert without any home. They never had
the ability to survive on their own in this desert. Yet Allah gave them Ghamaam (cool
clouds) to shade them, and healthy and expensive foods. So that they be grateful.
[NOTE: We are given food and property, sometimes even more than them. Yet we are
many times ungrateful. So this narrative is a lesson for us too.]
wa Maa dhalamoo-Naa, waLaakin aNIusa-hum yaDhlimoon - they did not wrong us at all,
however they are continuously wronging their ownselves.`
The 'Maa' is used for Strong Negation. They did Not wrong Us at all (when they did acts
of rebellion against Allah). They are continuously (present-future tense is used) only
wronging themselves.
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Ayah 58 :
59
And remember, when We toId you (O sons of Isra'eeI/Ya'qub/Jacob) to enter this
town .
1a f the Jews love one thing especially, it is their history. So even if you mention one
event they remember the whole story.
Because they`ve been raised to remember that they are a nation which has survived and lived on,
even though it has gone through so many trials and calamities.
Especially their history with Moses the Jews treasure this the most, even till today.
1b The reason why Dates and locations aren't mentioned is because; i they (the
jews) already know all the dates of the events in their history. ii the Quran isn't
concerned with dates and locations of events, rather the lesson behind the narrative
is the most important issue. This is why most of the times in the Quran Allah will not
mention the Time or Location, unless it is part of the Lesson.
Background:
We see that Allah is describing His favours to the Muslim sraelites (those who truly
submitted to Allah/God) at that time in history.
The Muslim sraelites have followed Moses and seen the different Miracles He has
given them. (i.e. the sea parting, pharoah being drowned, being provided for in the
desert etc.) They were given many Tests, many which they failed in, or had taken their
time in responding to, and they showed Ungratefulness to Allah.
Now they have reached a Town/city, called 'Jericho' (it is still existent today.) The
people in this town were a warrior/fighting/combat type of people. And the sraelites
were commanded by Allah to fight these wrongdoing people, and that if they fought
Allah would give them victory.
So when Moses went to tell his people to fight, they said;
O Moses, we will never enter it as long as they are there. So go, you and your Master and Iight.
We will stay sitting here. (surah al Maa`idah 5: 24)
Because of this Allah punished them with 40years of exhile. So they would have
nowhere to live - except the desert.
According to Jewish history; Moses died within these 40years.
Then the next generation who had seen the harsh life of the desert wanted to fight for
the cause of Allah, and they were led by Prophet Yusha (Joshua) ibn Nun. And Allah
knows best.
So when they fought Allah gave them victory.
60
'And remember when We said; Enter this town and eat there Ireely without any worry and with
delight wherever you wish..
Allah said something similar in ayah [2:]35, to Prophet Adam and his wife (Hawwa/Eve)
when they were in Jannah/Paradise.
Now Allah is saying the same to the Muslim sraelites.
But there is only 1 condition for the Muslim sraelites [just like with Prophet Adam in
Jannah - there was 1 condition of not eating from the tree.];
'Enter the Gate prostrating (i.e. putting your Iorehead down on the neck oI the animal you are
riding), whilst saying HiTTatun |Forgiveness|..
HiTTah HaTTa in arabic = to bring down. (HaTTa al Hamal = to bring down/take off
the burden/weight which the animal is carrying.)
So when the Muslim Israelites say this in Sajdah/prostration, they are asking Allah to bring
down/take oII` their sins which they are heavily burdened with.
f you just do that repeatedly while you enter the city;
NaGhfir-la-kum KhaTaayaa-kum We will Forgive (Ghafr=Cover) your (all your past)
Mistakes [KhaTaaya]
Wa sa Na-Zeeyd ul-MuHsineen - And soon we will increase/excel the Good-doers. (in
rank, reward etc.)
Ayah 59-61.5
[Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 59:
Then those who did wrong changed it (Bad-dala), with a statement other than the one
which was told to them (to say)
Bad-dala Badl = continuously Change. Pattern: [Fa33ala = they Repeatedly changed
it.] i.e. they kept repeating a wrong word instead of the right word.
61
Comparison of the sraelites to the story of Prophet Adam:
1 When Adam made his historic mistake Allah taught him words by which if he
recited them sincerely, Allah would forgive his sins.
Similarly, Allah told the Muslim sraelites words (HiTTun drop our burdens of sins)
that if they said them sincerely, Allah would remove their sins.
"So we sent down on the wrongdoers from the sky, Rijzan [a Calamity] (a disease
which would make their insides come out of their skin their skin looked peeled off.)
"..Bi maa KAANoo yaFsuqoon" - Because of the corruption they continuosIy
engaged in.
- The Kaana` Used to (past tense).
- yaFsuqoon - (present-future tense) = stiII continuousIy continue in Fisq/
Corruption.
So Allah punished them because they had the opportunity to repent, but they acted
disobedient repeatedly (from the past, and continued their disobedience into the future
too without wanting to repent.) So the punishment was most suited for such people.
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Ayah 60:
And remember when Moses asked stisqaa (asking Allah for Rain) especially for his
people, so We said especially with your Staff/stick, hit the boulder.. "
We notice that the Staff/big stick Moses had continuously is special and mentioned by
Allah in the narratives of Moses. (i.e. the miracles of it turning into a big snake, of him
striking it in the sea so it parted, and now to strike a boulder to get water out of it.)
f you study the history of Moses, we see that Moses at one time gets tired of his people
and says to Allah; 'Fa-fruq bayna-naa wa bayna al Qawm-il Faasiqeen' (al Maa'idah
5:25).
But when this has not happened yet, he cares and worries for his people when Allah
describes him as advising and helping; Li Qawmi-hee (For his People.)
62
Moses has; saved his people from Pharoah, killed their enemy (Pharoah), made them
free people, given them shade from the suns heat, given them meat and carbohydrates
from Allah, and now he is going to ask Allah to give them water.
'..When you strike the staII, twelve springs (because oI the 12 tribes) will burst (Fajarat/tear)
out. Every group oI people knew their place oI drink.
In surah al A`raI (7:160), this incident is mentioned again. But Allah says there about the
springs; Ia-anBajasat cracked and leak out.
So why did Allah use two different and opposing words?
Some commentaries state; When Moses asked Allah, Allah made water come bursting
out (Fajarat), but when the Muslim sraelites sinned alot the water from the springs
kept on decreasing less and less (the more they sinned.) So it just became 'leaking' out
(Bajasat).
And since this surah is telling Allah`s Iavours to the Israelites then the Fajarat/bursting oI water
is being emphasised.
'..Eat and drink Irom the provision oI Allah (which He has given you), and don`t corrupt
(ta`thaw) in the Earth as causers oI corruption (muFsideen).
'Athiya / ya'thaa / 'ithiyaan = corruption of the mind based on faIse ideas
(propaganda.)
Don`t be corrupted by Ialse ideas` -
MuFsid is different to Faasid (Corrupter.) MuFsid = to be a source of other
peopIes corruption.
Allah is telling them this because the sraelites; - miss the better food of Egypt and
were already complaining to Moses. - will become corrupted by false ideas later when
Moses is gone, and they are influenced by the propaganda of Samariy and they start
worshipping the calf again.
This will be mentioned later in ayah 61 and later in the surah.
So Allah is telling them; i not to fall into following false propaganda, and ii not to be a
source of making others corrupt either.
Allah warned them powerfully; When you become corrupt, your society around you all
becomes corrupt.
So Allah is telling us all; Don`t be brainwashed by the Corrupt, and Don`t be a source oI
spreading Corruption to others.
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63
Ayah 61:
And when all of you said; O Moses, we are not going to be patient with one type of food,
so go and ask YOUR Master that; extract for us from what the Earth grows..
So the sraelites would talk to each other about how they were bored of just one type of
food repeatedly; so they said to Moses ask YOUR Master (Rabba-KA). But why didn't
they themselves ask the One who provides them with everything they have seen as of
now?
Because they know how corrupt they are. They know the kind of blasphemous/evil
things they say about Allah and how disobedient they are to Him. So they hope that
Moses will ask Allah since he is close to Allah.
.. (Ask your Master to extract from the Earth;) its herbs, cucumbers, its garIics, its
IentiIs and its onions.
They lived in the desert yet they wanted all these foods to grow from the dead desert
and still remain ungrateful to Allah?
And how did they know the names of all these different types of food? Because they
would eat them in Egypt when they were slaves of Pharoah.
So in simple words: They didn't appreciate all which Allah had done to them of giving
them freedom from the oppressive Pharoahs and all the other miracles.
It`s like saying; I miss prison Iood, and I dont like the Ireedom Allah has now given to me.`
What's so bad about the life in Egypt anyway? 1 Humiliation:- The Life of Slavery is
humiliating. To be enslaved to anything other than Allah means you have no Dignity
or self-respect for yourselves. 2 Powerlessness:- When you are enslaved you are
not a Free / Sovereign nation. You can't make your own decisions, nor can your decide
your own future. 3 - Oppression:- You cannot help yourself and your own people from
Oppression. And Pharoah was known to kill, rape and humiliate the sraelites.
Yet they preferred this over the freedom and miracles which Allah had given to them.
64
So when they ask Moses to ask Allah for food, it is like they are asking Allah for all that
Slavery all over again.
Ayah 61.5 62
[Download Audio MP3]
Ayah 61 continued:
QaaIa astaBdiIoona aIadhee huwa adnaa bi-iI Khayr .. He (Moses) said; Are you
seeking to change that which is inferior, for that which is good?
The fact that something came from Allah (Moses says) is better and more good than
what they consider is more superior (of slavery to Pharoah and his foods.)
iHbitoo Habata = come Down.
Metaphoricaly/Figuratively: This is used to humiliate another, that you were on a higher
standing position before, so descend and go lower.
[i.e. Poets say many vulgar things sometimes. So Allah tells us about them; They go
down into a valley (morally downhill.) (al-Shu'ara 26:225)
Similar words; dh-haboo - dhahab - go nTaliqoo - Talaq - depart
"ihbiToo MiSranfa inna Ia-kum maa sa'aItum" - Go down to a region (or Egypt) -
then sureIy for you aII is what you aII asked for.
Moses is telling them angrily and sarcastically;
1 - to go down (iHbiToo) to another region- and humiliate yourselves by going there and
giving up what Allah gave you of goodness.
2 - Moses commanded them to go down into a region/territory (MiSran).
MiSraN(with taNween [Ietter Nuun/N] = a Country/Region/Area/Territory/farmIand.
MiSra (without taNween [letter Nuun/N at the end] = Egypt.
[Grammar Note: it is in maNsoob form, hence misrA / misrAn].
So Moses used another word which was similar to the word Egypt, meaning something
like; 'Why don't you all go to another Egypt?'
Allah has depicted all this through just one word; MiSraN .
' then - especiaIIy for you aII- is what you definiteIy asked for '.
65
Moses is being sarcastic with them out of anger. Like the saying in English; 'you all
asked for it.' [/sarcasm]
3 Moses said the exact same word which Allah said to Adam, Hawwa/Eve and blees/
shaytaan iHbitoo descend to what is lower. [ayah 2:36] Since they disobeyed and
ate (or the sraelites wanted to eat) from what is 'lower' and less Tayyib [good and
pure].
They asked for all types of food, but really they were just being ungrateful, rebelling and
asking for trouble.
So Allah says;
"Wa Duribat 'aIayhimu aI-dhiIIah wa-aI maskanah - And humiIiation was sIapped
onto them, and powerIessness.'
When they were in Egypt as slaves, they were weak, humiliated, powerless/being
incapable of making their own destiny.
"Wa baa'oo bi GhaDabin min AIIah" - And they drew rage (GhaDab) upon
themseIves from AIIah.
We know that the 3rd problem with slavery was Oppression due to the anger of
Pharoah against them.
But now they drew upon themselves rage from Allah. So this was even worse than what
they had started off with. The rage of the creation (pharoah) is much less than the rage
of Allah.
Why do they deserve the rage of AIIah?
Bani Isra`eel (the sons oI Israel) earned the wrath and anger oI Allah many times in their history.
[Ustadh Nouman says; we Muslims and historians and scholars should study Jewish
history in detail because Allah's Messenger, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam)
told us there would be people who follow their footsteps in every way.]
Before the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) came, the Jews
were like the lost Muslim Ummah [nation]. Just like many of us Muslims today are a lost
Ummah. We need to learn from their mistakes so we don't fall into them.
Jewish History and Allah's anger upon them: They suffered at the hands of many
enemies; i.e. the Byzantines, Ethiopians, Assyrians, Romans etc.) and Allah captures
the Reasons for all these tests in just a few words;
DhaaIika bi anna-hum kaanoo yaKfuroona bi aayaat-iIIah - That is because they
continuousIy used to deny the reveIations/miracIes of AIIah.
66
Revelation would come and they would not follow them. Miracles would come and they
would not appreciate them.
Wa yaQtuIoona aI-Nabiyyeena bi ghayri aI-haqq - "And they engage in the kiIIing
of Prophets without having the right to do so."
But why did they do these evil things?
'that is because they continuously disobey arrogantly, and they continuously crossed the limit
|set Ior them|.
These people did not want to be directed and be told what way is right and guided.
Rather, they wanted to follow their own desires without being told what to do.
This arrogance and wanting to follow desires blindly led to them denying the revelations/
signs and miracles of Allah, and their killing of some of the Messengers of Allah (who
forbade them from evil.)
Keep in mind; The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) told us; 'Ulamaa ummatee ka
anbiyaa' bani Isra'eel the Scholars of my nation are like the Prophets' of the Children
of Isra'eel.
[This reminds us of what many Muslims do today, who follow a cultural slam, where
they get angry when someone tells them proof/miracles of the religion and asks them to
follow the true guidance. They feel burdened with it, and if a scholar tells them they are
wrong, they may insult him, and the most corrupt may even assasinate him.]
t is due to these reasons Allah let their (the sraelites) enemies (and even our enemies
today) to overpower them and harm them.
Just like the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) told us; "Whenever any
people break their covenant/contract with Allah, Allah allows their enemies to overpower
them.."
Go to Top^
Ayah 62:
"No doubt those who believed (Muslims), and those who are Jewish and the Christians,
and Sabians (originally followers of Prophet Abraham/braheem, but gradually started to
worship stars, the sun etc.),
67
Whoever came to believe in Allah, and the Last Day, and acted Righteously.
Then they have no Iear on them, and they are not going to grieve.
False Claim by the Disbelievers:
Some people misinterpreted this ayah and said that it means that; all people who
believe in God, the Last Day (Judgment Day) and do righteous deeds then they will be
safe on Judgment Day.
A Few Points to Notice: 1 Such people take the ayah out of context and ignore other
parts of the Quran where Allah warns and threatens the disbelievers with being in the
hellfire forever.
And what about other aayaat which mention that those who disbelieve/reject following
Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) will be in the Hellfire forever.
SureIy those who disbeIieve from the PeopIe of the Book (Jews and Christians)
and the PoIytheists/idoI worshippers - they wiII be in the HeIIfire, they wiII stay
there Forever, they are the worst of creation. (surah Bayyinah 98:6)
What are the Benefits of Understanding this Ayah?
1 We understand that Emaan (belief) in Allah necessitates you Definitely believe in
the Next Life (Judgment Day).
Because God is Perfect, and being Perfect means He is; Just/Fair. But we see injustice
in this life, so it is necessary for God to have a Judgment Day to allow Justice and His
Perfection to be shown.
But to be prepared Ior Judgment Day, you need to do Amil-us-Saalihaat` (good actions).
So Allah is showing us a chain that if either one of these Links is Missing or lacking
(belief in; God, Judgment Day, or good actions) then you will be rejecting or lowering
your certainty of belief in all of them because they are all connected to each other.
Then Allah tells us that whoever believes in them truly as Allah originally taught them
even before the arrival of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) whether he
was a Jew, Helper [Nasaara - Nasr = help] (of Jesus), or Sabian (follower of Abraham)
then there will be no fear on them on Judgment Day, and they are not saddened.
Ayah 63-66
[Download Audio MP3]
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Ayah 63:
Remember when We took the Covenant (Meeythaaq) from you..
Meeythaaq - Wathaq - a Promise which comes with aIot of responsibiIity. You are
informed with fuII information of what you need to do - then you get into it.
Similar words; 'Aqd 'Ahd
In surah al A`raI (7) the details oI the covenant are mentioned.
We see a strong Relationship between surah al Baqarah (2) and surah al A'raf (7).
Where each surah has some extra details which were not mentioned in the other surah.
[The same can be said about other surahs' in the Quran which are Paired with others
due to their similarities with each other.]
'..And We elevated the Toor (mountain) above you..
Two opinions on what this means; 1 The mountain was shaking and boulders were
falling from it, so it looked like the mountain was falling from above them. 2 The
mountain was literally raised above them when the covenant was being taken.
This shows the heaviness and seriousness of the Covenant.
Hold onto what We have given to you with strength/might, and remember what is in it so that
you guard against (evil, Allah`s anger.)`
When this Quran is being revealed Allah is talking to the Children of srael at the time of
the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (saws). But Allah is reminding them (and through
them us also) that we really need to take our Covenant with Allah seriously. Our
feelings and pride cannot get in the way of stopping us from the truth.
The Children of srael at the time of Moses did accept him as a Messenger, but they did
not take him seriously.
So to scare them (as a mercy for them) and to make them wake up and fix their
behaviour. [This in modern day psychology technique is called the; Scared-strait
programme.]
Allah (azza wa Jal) is going to scare and rattle them so they might wake up and take
their Messenger Moses and his message seriously.
69
GEM: When everything around you is shaking, i.e. if boulders from mountains are
crashing around you and you do not know what to do you try to hold onto something.
Allah at that moment tells the Muslim sraelites: -
Khudhoo maa aataynaa-kum Ia'aIIakum tattaqoon - "HoId tightIy what We give
you aII so that you may protect/guard yourseIves."
Subhan Allah! So they may protect themselves';
1 Irom harm in that moment (when the mountains are shaking), and also 2 so they protect
themselves morally against; evil, Allah`s anger, and also Allah`s punishments.
Wa adhkuroo maa feeHi - And remember/mention what is in it
Dhikr = 1 - Remember 2 - Mention
So Allah is telling them to not just remember what Allah has given, but also to Mention
it out loud to yourself and others. (.e. n salaah (prayer), da'wah (inviting others to the
guidance), enjoining good and forbidding evil etc.)
Go to Top^
Ayah 64
Then (after some time) much of you turned back, even after that..
This refers to; 1 Those who were present at the Covenant when the Mount Toor was
placed above them. Most of them turned away after some time.
2 The Jews at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam). They were
aware of the Covenant in their history, and they were sure that Prophet Muhammad is
the Prophet prophecised in their own religious books, so do they dare to turn away from
the Words of Allah when they are certain that this message is truly from Him?
So these 2 groups have turned away after they have witnessed what Allah gave to them
of the Guidance.
70
!"

..And Had it not been for the more than needed Favour (FaDl) of Allah upon you, and His
Mercy you would have been from those who are losers.
FaDl = an extreme favour which is excessive/more than necessity.
(i.e. if someone only needs only 1 thing, but you give them 3 of that instead. that is FaDl.)
The Commentators of the Quran state:
The original FaDl/favour of Allah was that He forgave them their sins. And another FaDl was
that He sent them a Messenger.
[This is similar to an ayah in surah Jumuah - when Allah told us / our Nation that He sent us a
Messenger as an extreme FaDl (favour) - who is Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam);
"That is the FaDl/excessive favour of Allah He gives to who He wills, and Allah is the owner
of Great FaDl/excessive favours." [surah al Jumu'ah 62:4]
The revelation of the Quran is continuously described as FaDlu-Allah (an excessive favour of
Allah).]

..And Had it not been for the more than needed Favour (FaDl) of Allah upon you, and
His Mercy you would have been from those who are losers.
So, Allah is telling the Israelites;
1 Which were present at the time of Prophet Moses that;
The presence of the Favour of Allah (Prophet Moses) is the cause of these excessive favours
[FaDl] to the Israelites.
2 Which were present at the time of Prophet Muhammad (saws);
That the greatest Messenger (Muhammad [saws]), the greatest FaDl [favour] of Allah is in
your presence. If you followed him Allah would give you even more favours and be even
more merciful to you than He was to the Israelites.
..Had it not been for Allahs favour on you (Moses / Muhammad [saws]) and His mercy,
you would have been losers for sure.
So Allah is telling the earlier and later Israelites if you do not follow the Messenger of
Allah (who is a favour) to you you would surely be of the Losers.
Go to Top^




!$


Ayah 65:

DOWNLOAD MP3 (Surah al Baqarah 2:63-66)


And for sure [La] you all already know the ones who transgressed in the matters of
the Sabbath. Then We said to them become rejected cursed Apes.
So Allah is telling them of stories of those before them who they already knew of from their
own history people who had broken the covenant.
Some people might say that Islam teaches Anti-Semitism. But Allah tells us that for sure
[La] it is something they have already been Taught (by their own elders/teachers). So it is
not a fake story made by Islam for anti-semitism purposes, but rather it is in their own
Jewish books of history.
The details of how they broke the covenant and the details of this story are mentioned in
surah al Araf (7:163-166).
Them turning into Apes and Monkeys is interpreted in 2 ways (both views are valid and
wont effect our Aqeedah);
1 They were transformed from their inside. So they were like Animals who did not care
about wrong (haraam) and right (halaal) etc.
2 Allah even transformed them physically into Apes.
And We made that a Nakaal (warning by which you are deterred/put off) for all infront of
them, and what will come after them. And it would become a serious lesson/sermon for the
people of Taqwa (those who guard against; evil, Allahs anger etc.)
It is said that these people indirectly did fishing on the Sabbath day, when they were not
allowed to work. So Allah transformed them people into Monkeys and Apes.
So when people would pass by the river where this fishing took place they saw that the
humans there had become monkeys. The good Muslim Israelites who had forbade them from
fishing on the Sabbath also gained a strong lesson and warning from this. So Allah said; it is
a lesson for those who Guard (against evil, and Allahs anger.)

Baqarah 2:67

DOWNLOAD MP3 Surah al Baqarah 2:67-68
Ayah 67:
!%



And remember when Moses said to his people; Surely Allah commands you to
slaughter/sacrifice a cow..
Allah mentioned that He took a firm covenant from the Israelites (in ayah 63-64)
The first example of the Israelites given in the ayah above is about them violating the Sabbath
(Saturday when they were not allowed to work, but they did.)
Another example of the Israelites going against the covenant will now be mentioned.
And when Moses said to his nation/people (Qawm)..
There is a subtelty in the text because Allah is telling us that Moses said to HIS nation [li
qawmiHEE]. Which implies that the Jews who killed Prophets and rejected some others are
not part of the nation of Moses, even though they may claim to be part of his
nation/followers. Especially due to the fact that Moses at one time completely disassociated
himself from his people. (He said; ana bareeun min kum I have totally disassociated
myself from you).
So the Jews/Israelites present at the time of Prophet Muhammad did claim to be followers of
Moses, but they were in a state where Moses has disassociated himself from them. Meaning
they werent his true followers.
Inna Allaha yamuru-kum an tadhbahoo baqarah..
Surely Allah, He commands you to sacrifice/slaughter a cow.
The word;
Inna = Surely (it is used to remove doubts.)
He had to say inna / surely because the Israelites would think that he is making these
commands up himself, they would doubt that he is really a Messenger, or they did not want to
submit to him.
This is the essence of hypocrisy. These people accept that Moses/Musa is a Messenger, but
they feel that this Messenger sometimes tells them to do things for his own personal benefit.
This is why they would say; We will not submit to you until we see Allah face to face (Surah
al Baqarah 2:55) because they doubted the commands which Moses gave.
[Even the hypocrites at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) did the
same. So that when the Battle of Badr was commanded, they doubted the Sunnah/example of
the Messenger of Allah and asked; 'where does it say it in the Quran?' They again said this in
the battle of Uhud, so Allah said;
It is not for a Prophet to have Ghulla (worldly aspirations).. (surah aal Imran 3:161).
!&

This is why surah Muhammad was revealed - to focus on and refute this type of evil
hypocrisy.]
Due to this attitude of the Israelites, Moses had to say to his people;
Inna = Surely / for sure / no doubt Allah commands you to slaughter a cow..

Background of this Story:
Among the Israelites, there was a dispute and someone was killed and nobody was sure
who the murderer was. There was going to be a big war between the different tribes. So they
needed to know who the murderer was.
So when they took the problem to Moses, Allah commanded Moses to tell them to slaughter a
cow.
So when they heard that response, they said;
A-Tatakhadhoona huzuwa -
Do you take us for a joke/mockery?
Meaning:
1 Do you think we are a bunch of jokers?
2 Are you making fun of us?
We know that Prophets/Messengers of Allah never take the commands of Allah as jokes,
especially when it comes to big issues like Murder.
There is a very covert technique going on in the media today:
- They will try to insult the Messengers (like Adam, Jesus,Moses etc.) of Allah and aspects
of religion, so that when Muslims see it they become angry. But over time, these cartoons
and insults continue. They plan that the Muslims over time become desensitized to these
insults and hardly respond back.
Ustadh Nouman says that we should respond back to them in ways which hit them worst.
And that is through Lawsuits (sueing). So that if anyone ever insults Islamic beliefs or
Muslims (i.e. you terrorist etc., the Muslims should file a Lawsuit (sue them) immediately.
This will harm them more, and will bring more income money for supporting Islamic dawah
(inviting to Islam) projects.
The more Lawsuits the better (it hurts them more and profits us more.)
Qaaloo A-Tatakhadhoona huzuwa -
They said Do you take us for a joke/mockery?
Qaala aoodhu billahi an akoona min al-jaahileen -
He (Moses) said; I enter the protection of Allah from being of the ignorant, who have no
control over themselves (jaahileen).
Ustadh Nouman continues: Messengers might make truthful jokes, but they do not
make jokes in matters of commandments of Allah. And if you do joke about Allah's
religion, then you better stop and seek the protection of Allah.
JaahiI = someone who has no controI over what they; do, say, feeI emotionaIIy
etc.
Opposite word: 'AaqiI = someone who has controI of themseIves. (he Ties/
Restrains himseIf to what is correct and right.) ['iqaaI = the rope the arabs used to
Tie and Restrain their cameIs from running away.]
Ustadh Nouman further explains: The words we use in language as jokes and non-
hurtful insults especially in the west (i.e. you're gay, 'stop being so gay' etc.) all
these are major accusations in slam. Because when we use them as jokes we
become desensitized to them. So that someone might call you 'gay' as a joke, you
might not find it shocking, but that is actually a major insult and a major accusation in
the sight of Allah.]
Ayah 68:
They said, 'Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. |Moses| said, '| Allah |
says, It is a cow which is neither old nor virgin, but median between that,` so do what you are
commanded.
'Go and call on your Master Ior us especially, and clariIy what type oI cow is it?`
t is the sraelites who are making a joke out of Moses by being sarcastic with him.
They are simply being told; slaughter a cow. Yet they want to persist in asking more
unnecessary questions.
1 They`re trying to make a joke out oI Moses. (i.e. you can imagine themselves elbowing each
other and laughing with each other about what type oI cow Moses needs.) 2 They asked alot oI
questions because they don`t want to do it. (i.e. iI you ask someone so much, the person becomes
too annoyed and says Iorget it, i`ll do it myselI.)
But everytime they would ask; Moses would reply;
"nna-Hu yaQool.. - Surely He (Allah) says.. (description)
And he would always emphasise to them that indeed Allah said it, not himself.
75
Furthermore, the Scholars have said that each time the people would ask for details,
Moses would go upto Mount Toor (where he spoke to Allah) and ask Allah, and then
come back to tell them (this showed that the people put their Messenger to alot of
hardship and annoyance.)
'Innahaa baqaratun laa FaariD, wa laa bakr, awaanun bayna dhaalik - Surely she is a cow
which is not old nor too young, but between the two conditions.`
This is the age where the meat of the cow is at its best. t is neither too young (where it
has less meat), neither too old (where it's meat is old). t's right in between.
'Fa-aI`aloo maa tu`maroon - So do what you`re commanded!
aF'aI - Fi'I = Do (an action without thought.)
Similar word; Aml Do an action with thought (intent).
Moses is telling the sraelites to immediately just slaughter a cow which suits that
description, without even thinking anymore about it. But they are stubborn and unwilling
to do even that.
Baqarah 68-72
DOWNLOAD MP3
Ayah 69:
They said, 'Call upon your Lord to show us what is her color. He said, 'He says, It is a yellow
cow, bright in color pleasing to the observers.` '
Call upon your Master (and ask); what colour is it (the cow that needs to be sacrificed).
He (Moses) said; surely He (Allah) says it is a yellowish colour.
These people still never obeyed the command of Moses and continued in ridiculing
Moses to ask what colour the cow should be.
Yellow was one of the most rarest and exotic colours for cows. So we learn that the
more unnecessary questions you ask the more you put yourself in trouble and
complications. Since the Shari'ah (slamic law) was simple and clear, and by asking for
more unneeded details you will find more hardship in its implementation.
There is a difference between Asking the Messenger and Questioning the Messenger.
76
By Asking, you will humbly ask the needed details to fulfill the duty. But by Questioning
the Messenger, you're already showing that you don't really believe you have to follow
the command.
So here they are questioning the integrity of the Messenger and the command itself.
So you see their sarcasm of; 'if you're getting so much information from your God then
tell us what colour did your God say it should be too?' There is a hint of sarcasm, and
this is why they repeated more questions even though Moses had told them to just
follow the command.
Safraa' - yeIIow (saffron coIour)
Faaqi' - texture which is; Deep, BriIIiant and startIing (eye-catching.)
This was not said; -Lawnuhaa Iaaqi`un its colour is brilliant -Faaqi`un lawnuhaa |especially|
brilliant, is its colour.
So their is a strong emphasis on its brilliance (by Allah putting the word Iaaqi`/brilliant earlier in
the ayah.)
Then a further emphasis is added;
taSurru-ul-NaaDhireen it would please those who stare it.
Ayah 70:
They said, 'Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. Indeed, |all| cows look alike to
us. And indeed we, iI Allah wills, will be guided.
They said, ask your Master to make it clear to us; What cow is it?
This cow issue is becoming unclear for us. And for sure if Allah wills we will be
guided (to the right answer.)
Al slaahi and other scholars explained: They (the sraelites) started to realise they
are going to get in real trouble from Allah if they don't find the cow. So they really start
searching for it. And this is why they ask this question (it has a feel of sincerety in it.)
Al-Shawkani explains: 'And for sure if Allah wills we will be guided (to the right
answer.)' Due to this statement of theirs (with sincerety) Allah guided them to the right
cow.
77
!"



Ayah 71:


He said, He says, It is a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor to irrigate the field, one
free from fault with no spot upon her. They said, Now you have come with the truth. So
they slaughtered her, but they could hardly do it.
He (Moses) said; Surely He (Allah) says; it is a cow which has not been milked, has not
been put to work, has not tilled the soil.
When cows are too young or too old they cant work due to weakness. They would work in
their middle age. But Allah is telling us that this cow didnt even work in its
middle/strong/young age.
Now they have to find a cow which;
- Is middle aged/strong
- Has never been milked
- Has never been used in farm work (for tilling the fields or any other work)
- Is beautiful to stare at.
And;
Musallamatun laa shiyatan feehaa -
Is fully (100% yellow) without any blemishes (i.e. other marks/spots/colours etc.)
Finding such a cow is almost impossible except if Allah guides you to it.
The authenticity of the following reports are disputed, but it is stated; they found the cow
with a young orphan boy. And he did not give it to them until they gave him its weight in
gold. So when they had brought it, they were regretful about their questioning the Messenger
(Moses) unnecessarily.

Qaaloo, al Aana jita bi-il haqqi. Fa dhabahoohaa Wa maa kaadoo yafaloon
They said now you have brought the truth. So they slaughtered it, and they were almost not
going to do it.
This shows that they werent still willing to obey the command (maybe because they had
payed so much for it), and they only did so due to pressures they faced as a whole. (i.e. peer
pressure, or pressure from different tribes to find out who the murderer is etc.)
!"

After all this, Allah tells the story behind it.

Ayah 72:


And [recall] when you slew a man and disputed over it, but Allah was to bring out that which
you were concealing.
Wa idh qatalTUM nafsan -
And when You ALL killed a person.
Only one person did the murder, but there were witnesses who did not tell who the murderer
was. So Allah is exposing this that whoever is involved is also to blame.
Fa then

daara [it's really tadaara'a] = to throw something at each other.
Fa ad-daaratum fee haa then you Threw (i.e. Accusations) at each other in [regards to] it
(the murder)
You are throwing Accusations against each other. i.e. you did it. No, you did it. This
fighting and arguing attitude would enter them into killing each other too.

Wa Allahu muKhrijun maa taKtumoon -
And Allah is the One who takes out what you Hide/conceal.
This is amazing. Allah does not even tell us the details of who the murderer was. Because
that isnt the lesson of the narrative/story. Rather Allah is telling us that He will expose the
things you try to hide. And He says this in Present-future tense form to show us that He will
continuously expose what we try to hide.
The audience whose secrets Allah will expose are;.
1 The Jews who hide alot of what was in their books about the final Messenger.
2 The Hypocrites who try to secretly plot against the believers.
3 The Believing Muslims who may hide somethings, Allah will continue to expose them.
In future events, people will try to hide things (i.e. secrets in books, or secret conversations)
and Allah says that He will expose them, and this will occur in future aayaat of the Quran
(i.e. What the hypocrites say in secret, or what the Jews hide of information in their books
about the final Messenger etc.)
Baqarah 73-74
[Download MP3]
Ayah 73:
So, We said, 'Strike the slain man with part oI it. Thus does Allah bring the dead to liIe, and He
shows you His signs that you might reason.
Allah just spoke about the cow which had to be slaughtered
Strike some part of the (cow) flesh with the (killed human) corpse, and Allah will bring
that corpse back to life and point to the killer.
Then Allah said;
It is like that Allah gives liIe to the dead.`
It is by Allah`s command that liIe is given aIter death i.e. through;
- slaughtering a cow - kun fa yaKoon (Allah saying; Be! and it is.) - rain coming down
from the sky and giving life.
Implying that Allah gives liIe to the dead in ways you can`t even imagine.
And He shows you His miraculous signs so that you may become oI those who Understand.`
Ayah 74:
Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or even harder. For
indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that
split open and water comes out, and there are some of them that fall down for fear of
Allah . And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
Then (after some time), your hearts became hard.
The mind matures and grows in knowledge and understanding, but the heart is
always changing and fluctuating (sometimes your connection with Allah is strong, and
sometimes extremely weak.)
80
The sraelites had alot of knowledge about the religion, but they did not have the
spirituality in their hearts to be strong enough to do alot of sincere acts of obedience.
What controls the body more? s it the mind or is it the heart? According to the Quran
perspective, the heart is in the 'driving seat' (i.e. has control) because your mind might
tell you to do good or avoid bad, but your heart (spiritual-emotional drive) might not be
strong to push you forward in doing that good or avoiding the evil (you might be too;
lazy, or too fearful, scared, to do any of the good actions or avoid the bad ones.)
So the knowledge which was supposed to protect you did not benefit you. And it was
the heart/emotions which affected your decisions. f you had strengthened your heart
with the knowledge it would incline towards good decisions, but that did not happen.
Example #1: [Ustadh Nouman gives an example of a intelligent boy who knew smoking
drugs was harmful, but he smoked them in his bedroom anyway. f you asked him why
he smokes, he would give an emotional answer i.e. ' just like it.' But when he saw his
dad come home - he quickly threw the cigarette away in the toilet. = the Fear in his
heart for his Dad stopped him immediately. But if he never feared his dad, then nothing
could stop him, not even the knowledge he has.
Example #2: A person might love playing sports and being with friends etc. But
when Exams come, the person really wants to get high grades. So he will give up his
entertainment and force himself to study to get good marks. And he has done this just
because he really WANTS to get good marks and make his parents happy etc (an act of
the heart).]
Religious Example: The sraelites at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi
wasalam) had read and heard about the miracles of their Prophets' and they recognized
that Muhammad was really the final Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam).
They had the knowledge, but it had not entered their hearts. So they did not benefit from
it.
[t is like when our Emaan is low, so we might have heard a Hadeeth before and say 'we
already know it', but it has not really entered our hearts because we have really followed
it.]
Then your hearts became hard aIter that, So it was like Stone/Boulder (Hijaarah), or even more
intense in stiIIness.
1st type of Rock; And even out of stones, there are those from which (water) rivers/
springs gush out. Even those stones sometimes compromise.
2nd type; even out of stones there are those that crack/break open and water comes
out. (this might be a hint to cause us to cry out of fear/awe of Allah)
3rd type: and even out of stones which collapse and fall from the fear of Allah. (this
might be a hint to cause us to fall into sajdah/prostration out of awe/fear of Allah).
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..and Allah is not unaware at all in regard to what you are doing.
Baqarah 2: 76 80
[Download MP3]
Ayah 76:
"And when they meet those who believe, they will say we believe aswell. But when they
were in solitude one group with another they said; are you telling them news of what
Allah has opened up for you, so that they (the Muslims) can make a case against you
(the Jews) with your Lord (on Judgment Day)? Do you not then understand?
So the leaders of the Jews at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi
wasalam) told the Jews not to tell what was in their scripture (the Torah about the
true Prophecies of Prophet Muhammad etc.) since the Muslims could then expose their
disbelief/hypocrisy on Judgment Day infront of Allah.
So they are saying; Don`t share this religious knowledge which Allah gave you (O Jews!) with
the Muslims.
Their desperation and anger is shown the way they say;
'A Ia laa ta`qiloon - Do you not then understand?`
Then Allah responds to them;
Ayah 77:
Don`t they already know that Allah knows what they are hiding and exposing?
These people who are supposed to be knowledgable about Allah are acting as if Allah
is unaware of what goes on in their minds. They know they are wrong, but they live in
false security from Allah's anger due to their evil lifestyles.
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This kind of attitude comes in someones personality when their hearts harden after
having faith, so first they try to hope that Allah is forgiving and He will ignore their sins,
but with time this attitude becomes as if Allah hopefully is unaware of their actions, so
they can do what they want of evil. Until this person forgets Allah and becomes of an
atheist like nature.
Ayah 78:
And among them are unlettered ones who do not know the Scripture except in wishful
thinking, but they are only assuming.
Even out of them (min hum) their are those who are Unlettered people (Ummiy)
Ummiy someone incapable of 2 things, reading and writing. [its root is Umm =
mother. .e. They are as illiterate as when the first day they were born (came out of their
mother.)]
They don`t know the book except Ior their own wishIul thoughts (Amaaniyy).`
[Umniyah (singuIar), Amaaniyy (PIuraI) = wishfuI thoughts.]
.e. You think you know what it is, and you wishfully think that it is like that. But you are
not certain what your Book (of Guidance) tells you of Guidance.
This is the Crime oI Bani Isra`eel (the Israelites) against their Book. And amazingly this is the
case with the majority oI Muslims today.
[i.e. Ustadh Nouman gives the example of forwarded emails which might say false
slamic information (with a good intent by the author). .e. The famous chain email about
praying Fajr and having light on your face, and praying Dhuhr and getting good money
etc. And then at the bottom it says; 'Wisdom from the Holy Quran'. When in reality - it is
nowhere mentioned in the Qur'an. This is a crime in the religion.
'Wa in hum il-laa yaDhunoon' - And they only guess/assume.
So Allah is telling us that we should not make assumptions about Allah's Book, about
what makes Allah angry and happy, what Allah has allowed and what He has not. None
of this can be said based on mere assumption, but it has to be based on what Allah, His
Messenger and the People of Knowledge have said.
The Sahabah (companions of Prophet Muhammad, sal Allahu alayhi wasalam)
interpreted this ayah as;
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- bn Abbas explained this ayah; the Central word in this Ayah is "Amaaniyy" (wishful
thinkings), and he explained that this meant;
"Amaaniyy" ayy - Tilaawah - ya'lamoona hu hifDhan wa qiraa'atan bi laa fahm. Laa
yadroona maa feehaa' Tilaawah (recitation/following the text in reading) - they know it
(the Torah) by memorizing it, reciting it - without understanding it. They have no clue
what is in it.'
sn't this the same with majority of Muslims today? Just reciting, memorizing and have
no clue what is in it (of the message).
They only make assumptions;
- that what they are doing is okay. - that it doesn't matter if they don't understand their
Book of Guidance. - that they think they know the basic message of it (i.e. 5 pillars of
slam and no pork and alcohol) - so they don't need to bother to learn anymore.
The vast majority of us even in rich countries might understand the most complicated of
education courses, sometimes even speaking computer languages [C++], yet we don't
bother to understand the speech of Allah.
The Qur'an is a Mercy from Allah and a Guidance for mankind yet those who believe it
is from Allah, the majority of them have no time in wanting to understand it.
O Allah, our Guide, please do not make us of these people, ameen.
Ayah 79:
So destruction to those who write the 'scripture with their own hands, then say, 'This is Irom
Allah , in order to exchange it Ior a small price. Woe to them Ior what their hands have written
and woe to them Ior what they earn.
Then the worst form of destruction/curse for those who write the Book [Book/Law] with
their own hands..
The Jews: Allah spoke about some of the Jews who did this they altered the Book to
suit their own desires.
The Muslims: the Qur`an Allah did not give us the power to alter the Qur`an. So we cannot
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change Allah`s Book, but there are people who will try to change it`s Law and interpretation to
suit their desires (because they might Ieel its too strict.)
'Thumma yaQooloona haadhaa min ind-illah - Then they say this is especially/deIinitely Irom
Allah.
So some of the corrupt people will sell a fake book (pretending it is from God), or a false
interpretation of the Quran all having a certain agenda and promoting their false ideas
(i.e. saying 'only this interpretation is the true version of slam.')
Li yaShtaruw bi-hee thamanan qaleela - So they can sell it for a pathetic/miniscule
price.
So they will pass a Fatwa (Law verdict) which is false, just to please someone who will
give them money for that.
Fa waylun la hum bi maa katabat aYdeehim - So the worst destruction/curse [waylun]
for them with what they writ with their hands.
'Wa waylun la hum min maa yaKsiboon - And the worst destruction Ior them Irom what they
earned.`
So these people may have earned; - Money for selling their forged book. - A following of
people who believed in their book/Law.
n the Muslim community this also occurs in modern times;
Ustadh Nouman gives an example: .e. A qualified scholar/imam may say that
something is banned in the Mosque because it is unslamic.
And after some time, a group of people privately tell the mam that you should not say
this because it upsets the people of the Mosque Committee/boardroom, and we will not
be able to raise funds/money for the Mosque.
Now if this person retracts what he said or stays silent out of fear, he is falling into this
error of 'Selling the Kitaab [Law/Book] for a small/worthless price.'
Some mams may quit their job instead of selling their religion under pressure. While
others may fall into the trap due to the pressures of the people so they allow which
Allah has forbade, or forbid what which Allah allowed.
Allah threatens them with 2 major curses/destructions one for what they change of the
Law, and another for what they earn as a result.
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O Allah, protect and prevent us from selling Your verses and signs for a worthless price.
Ameen ya Rabb.
Ayah 80:
And they say, 'Never will the Fire touch us, except Ior a Iew days. Say, 'Have you taken a
covenant with Allah ? For Allah will never break His covenant. Or do you say about Allah that
which you do not know?
Now Allah tells us the worst type oI Amaaniyy` (wishIul thinking) there is.
These wishful thoughts are extremely bad because you start to get thoughts which
make you think things which are in direct opposition to what the Guidance teaches. .e.
thinking you are guaranteed Paradise, or you feel that if you did go to hell you feel
you'll just go for a few days etc.
These people might disobey Allah continuously, thinking they are from the blessed
nation, and they might give in charity wishfully thinking that Allah will forgive them.
[Ustadh Nouman gives the example of someone who owns a liquor/alcohol store, and
has a copy of Ayat-ul-Kursi (Quran 2:255) behind his shop desk, and gives some money
from it to charity - wishfully thinking Allah will forgive his sins or only keep him in hell for
a few days.
He then mentions that people who have not read the Book of Guidance with
understanding - assume this, when they ignore the fact that they have to repent and
stop their sins for their repentance to be acceptable.]
"wa Qaaloo lan taMassaNaa naaran il-laa ayyaaman ma'doodaah.." - and they said that
the fire will not touch us except for a few days.'
The mentality/psyche of a person who thinks that they can survive and bear/handle/face
the severe punishment of Allah is the problem.
How do you know? What if a Day in Hell is equal to 1000years of this life? And the
people of Hell are told to enter into a fire without recieving help from Allah.
A spIit second spent outside HeIIfire - NafHa (= a coId breeze), if that bareIy
touched them, they wouId scream - O destruction on us, we were of the
wrongdoers. (Surah Anbiya 21:46)
[Related word: LafHa (hot breeze)]
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So what then oI being immersed in Hell Ior day, aIter day, aIter day...
"Say (O Muhammad) Did you (people) take a special contract/promise with Allah, so
that Allah won't change His contract/promise? Or do you say about Allah what you don't
know?"
Allah is telling His Messenger to speak to these people now (by saying; Qul Say)
because He is angry with the people who wishfully think they will only be in the fire for a
few days so He doesn't even want to talk to them directly.
Through His Messenger He is asking them 'have you taken a contract with Allah by
which you are sure that you will only be in the fire for a few days?' And the answer is no,
none of us humans are sure where we will end up in the Afterlife, and how long we will
be there.
Then a further emphasis is added;
Ia lan yuKhliIa Allahu ahdah then Allah will not change His contract?`
So even if these people were to get a contract with Allah for just a few days of hell
(which doesn't happen) then how can you be certain that Allah has not changed His
contract?
'Am taQooloona ala Allahi maa laa ta`lamoon? Or are you saying upon Allah oI that which
you have no knowledge?`
As we said earlier, these people had their own wishful thinking of what Guidance was
so they were saying about Allah of that which they did not know. Their wishful thinkings
were not accurate.
We have to ask ourselves how do view salvation? s it based on what the Quran and
Sunnah says? Do think 'll be forgiven for sure, or do think that need to continue
doing more good deeds sincerely and continuously with effort so that hopefully, Allah
will be happy with me on Judgment Day and put me into Paradise by His Mercy.
O Allah, make us of those who follow your Guidance whole-heartedly, sincerely and
fully, always. Based on a balance of Fear and Hope, and that you are pleased with us
when we meet you on Judgment Day. Ameen ya Rabb.
Baqarah 81-83:
[Download MP3]
Ayah 81:
87
"Rather, whoever earned a single sin [sayyi'ah ], and his single enormous mistake
encircled him then those are the people of fire in which they will remain.
Sayyi`ah big sin.
Similar word: Dhanb = small or big sin.
wa aHaaTat bi-hee khaTee'atuh - "Then it encircled him - this person is addicted to a
big sin, (i.e. Drugs/alcoholism, interest/usury (riba), eating haraam, shamelessness etc.)
although he might do alot of good deeds.
So this person does alot of good deeds, and he feels that his persistent bad deed will be
covered by these good deeds. So he continues in the sin.
His huge mistake has encircled him`
That one mistake has encircled the person's life, so he is addicted to it, and due to that
he falls into other sins too (i.e. he might lie continuously bigger lies to cover his sin
etc.)
"UIaa'ika aS-haab-uI-Naar" - 'Those are the companions of the fire'
The One mistake the Bani Isra`eel (the Israelites), and the polytheists oI Quraysh had was their
Arrogance. They had alot oI other good qualities but their main mistake made them become the
worst oI people (opposing the Messengers` oI Allah).
.e. Abu Jahl a man at the time of Prophet Muhammad was a Philanthropist before
slam. He would give alot to the needy, and make good decisions for his people.
But when the Messenger was chosen by Allah to be from another tribe, Abu Jahl's
arrogance surrounded him from all arround him, and prevented him from following the
Messenger, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam.)
Allah said; MAN kasaba (the one who earns) [singular]..
Ulaa'ika Those [plural] are the companions of the fire.
So Allah is telling us that this person who fits that description can be from any group of
people (the past nations, or Bani sra'eel, or the Polytheists, or even the Hypocrites),
and that all these people will be forced together as Companions of the fire.
"..Hum fee haa Khaalidoon" - They will be in it, forever.
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Ayah 82:
But they who believe and do righteous deeds those are the companions of Paradise;
they will abide therein eternally.
'Those who believe and do good actions (saalihAAT) '
Allah makes a beautiful contrast by just saying a common phrase which we are so used
to, but the way it is placed in this part after ayah 81 amazes you.
SaaIihAAT = a handfuI of Good actions [it is in the 'Iesser pIuraI (jam'u qiIIah)
form' = a pIuraI Iess than 10].
So Allah amazingly says that they believe and do a few good deeds which He asked of
us (i.e. The 5 pillars of slam, being good to those around us, and avoiding the sins etc.)
So Allah is telling us that He isn't really asking us for alot, and that this religion is easy.
Maa ja'aIa 'aIaykum fee aI-deeni min haraj - He (AIIah) did not put on you any
difficuIty in the reIigion. (Hajj 22:78)
YureeduAIIahu an yuKhaffifa 'ankum - AIIah intends to make your burden Iight for
you. (Nisa 4:28)
"Ulaa'ika aS-haab ul Jannah, hum fee haa khaalidoon - They are the Companions of
the Gardens, especially they will live there forever.
These 3 things link together and if one link is missing, you cannot reach to step 3; 1)
Emaan (Belief) and 2) Righteous deeds = Gardens of Paradise.
Ayah 83:
And |recall| when We took the covenant Irom the Children oI Israel, |enjoining upon them|, 'Do
not worship except Allah ; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And
speak to people good |words| and establish prayer and give zakah. Then you turned away,
except a Iew oI you, and you were reIusing.
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Allah will remind us oI the serious Covenant again, and this time He will tell us the good deeds`
(Saalihaat) which are part oI the Covenant to get to Allah`s Paradise.
1 You will enslave yourselves to other than Allah. 2 To be best in excellence
(hsaan) to your parents, and to close relatives, and the orphans and the poor. This is
easy to say, but really hard to do. Most of the times our parents and close brothers/
sisters and cousins/relatives aren't happy with us. f we see the Muslim Ummah today,
we are the worst of people to our relatives and have loads of feuds and arguments.
Most of us don't even know the orphans and poor (masaakeen those who can't
support themselves i.e. lookafter their families etc.) of our societies.
"Wa qooIoo Ii aI-naas husnan -" 'And to speak to the peopIe beautifuIIy (husnan).'
Most of us Muslims hardly smile, and if someone smiles from us, we think that person is
odd. When smiling is from the Sunnah!
And establish the prayer and give the zakah (puriIication charity)`
AIter all oI these instructions, all oI you turned away- except a Iew oI you, while you were
deliberately ignoring the instructions.`
We see how most of these commands are between us and Allah, and us and our close
community. The reason why Allah wants us to be good to those near us is because if
all the people in the world did this good to their community the whole world would be
peaceful. And there would be no in-fighting amongst the Muslim Ummah (nation.)
Baqarah 83-85
[Download MP3]
Ayah 84:
And |recall| when We took your covenant, |saying|, 'Do not shed each other`s blood or evict
one another Irom your homes. Then you acknowledged |this| while you were witnessing.
And when We took the strong covenant from you - that you should not shed your
own blood (dimaa'a-kum).
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Now Allah tells us what happens when people don't follow the commands of Allah
mentioned in the ayah above (i.e. a good relationship with Allah, and a good
relationship with your people [relatives, poor etc].)
So what happens when all these people don`t get their rights? Hatred arises, and then small Iights
start, and these Iights escalate, and there is war amongst the Muslims.
Allah said, Don`t shed your Own blood (dimaa`a-kum) don`t Iight and kill each other
(believers shouldn`t Iight each other out oI hatred) because it is like you are killing your
ownselves. |Since the believers are all one and have the same purpose (oI serving Allah alone.)|
'Waa laa tuKhrijoona aNIusakum min diyaari-kum - And you will not expel your ownselves
Irom your own homes.`
No-one would kick themselves out of their own home and not allow their self back into it.
Rather, what Allah is saying is Don't expel other believers;
- You're not going to force other believers out of their homes. - You're not going to
Deport other Muslims out of their own homes. [Ustadh Nouman mentions that some
Muslims do deport other Muslims out of their countries for Nationalistic reasons and due
to fear of non Muslim governments] which is a crime of the Bani sra'eel which Allah
criticizes.
Thumma aQrar-tum - Then you all agreed
Wa antum taSh-hadoon - And you aII bore witness
Ayah 85:
Then, you are those [same ones who are] killing one another and evicting a party of
your people from their homes, cooperating against them in sin and aggression. And if
they come to you as captives, you ransom them, although their eviction was forbidden
to you. So do you believe in part of the Scripture and disbelieve in part? Then what is
the recompense for those who do that among you except disgrace in worldly life; and on
the Day of Resurrection they will be sent back to the severest of punishment. And Allah
is not unaware of what you do.
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Thumma antum haa'uIaa! - Then you aII are these same peopIe..!
[seeghatu al-ta'Ajjub - Amazement/Astonishment is used. ' am Shocked that you are
these same people..' ]
"taQtuIoona aNfusakum" - You are the ones kiIIing yourseIves
"wa tuKhrijoona FareeqAn min-kum min diyaari-him" - 'and you expeI a particuIar
Targetted group - from among you - from their homes.'
Fareeq Farq (to separate to show difference) would be a particular group which
separated from the main group.
But AIIah said; FareeqAn min-kum - a group you Targetted from your own.
So even though these people might not consider them their own, Allah tells us that they
are still killing their own.
taDhaaharoon 'aIayhim bi-aI ithmi wa-aI 'udwaan - You wouId intend upon them
sin (ithm) and enmity (being an enemy - 'udwaan)
Wa in ya'tuoo-kum usaara tuFaadoo hum - And if they are given to you as
prisoners, you ransom them
Ustadh Nouman says that these people who were believers at that time would
fight each other as worst enemies. But when the disbelievers fought the Muslims, the
Muslims would raise money to free/ransom them.
So Allah is hinting at the hypocrisy oI these people, which isn`t too diIIerent to how us Muslims
have been with each other in our history.
You become one Ummah when the disbelievers fight you. Then you become each
others enemies after that?
'Do you believe in part of the Book, and deny another part?"
The principle in slam is one: our brotherhood in slam is one, and we need to protect
each other.
The fact that these people chose some parts of the religion to follow, and never followed
other parts Allah criticized them as denying/disbelieving in part of the Book.
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Ustadh Nouman continues:
When people get more knowledgable about the religion, they might become lazy, and
when someone asks them why they are not doing something from it, they will find some
intellectual excuses to justify the reasons why they are not.
This makes the religion look ugly to others who don`t know too much about it.
And Allah tells us about such people;
"Then what is the recompense for such people who do that from you except
humiliation in this life, and on the Day of Ressurection We will return him to the
intense Punishment [aShaddu al-Adhaab], and Allah is not forgetful of what you are
doing.
When you only select part of the Book and ignore other parts Allah will give
humiliation to such a people (Ummah).
And Allah will punish them an intense punishment on Judgment Day. Allah in other
parts of the Quran uses the words;
- 'adhaabun AIeem - PainfuI punishment. - 'adhaabun 'ADheem - Great/firm
punishment. - 'adhaabun Shadeed - Intense punishment.
But now AIIah said; AShaddu-uI 'adhaab = the MOST intense punishment.
Allah is describes this of someone who knows the religion, but chooses to only follow
some parts and ignore its other parts.
'And AIIah is not forgetfuI (GhaafiIan) of what you continue to do'.
When us humans sin and disobey Allah we forget that Allah is watching us. f we had
remembered Allah and truly had certainty of His punishment, we would not be doing
sins. But even if do forget Allah does not forget what we continue to do.
O Allah, do not make us of those who fall into mistakes similar to those failed nations
before us. Make us of those who follow your Book fully.
Ustadh Nouman continues explaining that; Perfecting some parts of the Religion and
ignoring other parts is also being criticized. We have to try to perfect ourselves in all
aspects of the religion. .e. Some people might focus on one aspect of the religion
and ignore another part, thinking that their strong focus on what they are doing will be
sufficient. But that is not true.
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This is; You believe in some part oI the Book, and disbelieve in other parts?`
Baqarah 86-87
[Download MP3]
Ayah 86:
Those are the ones who have bought the life of this world [in exchange] for the
Hereafter, so the punishment will not be lightened for them, nor will they be aided.
t is those who have purchased the life of this world over the hereafter.
This ayah tells us the core reason why they take some parts of the Book/Law/Religion
seriously and ignore other parts.
We know that the main reason Allah sent this Guidance/Book/Law was for us to serve
Allah. But we know that some people don't whole-heartedly follow the Guidance. Yet
when they do follow some parts of it they might follow the aspects which they find
easy. And they only do so so they can feel 'good about themselves'.
So these type of people use the Guidance to serve them, not for them to use Serve
Allah (with the Guidance.)
Ishtaraw = purchase.
These peopIe have purchased/bought this Iife over the next Iife (in preference.)
The shocking thing is that Allah uses this kind of phrase usually for the disbelievers
choosing this life over the next life. So Allah is telling that people who don't fully submit
to all the Guidance are like the disbelievers in preferring this life more than the next.
"Fa Iaa yuKhaffafu 'anhum uI 'adhaab" - Then the punishment/torture wiII not be
Iightened for them.'
O Allah, please do not make us of them.
Allah wants your life to be easy/light (khafeef) for you by giving you this Guidance.
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YureeduAllahu an yuKhaffifa 'ankum - Allah intends to make your burden light for
you. (Nisa 4:28)
But because these people did not want to follow the Guidance which would lighten their
burden, Allah will make their burden heavy in this life and the next.
"wa Iaa hum yuNSuroon" - And they are not going to be heIped.'
Allah is already warning us that if we should not think we will be saved by following just
some part of the religion. And if anyone thinks that this partial choosing of the religion
will be enough for them then know that 'you will not be helped.'
Ayah 87:
And We have for sure given Moses the Book, and We have fortified it (Qaf-fa) /
continued it through several Messengers', and We gave Eesa son of Maryam (Jesus
son of Mary) clear signs, and aided him with the Holy Spirit (Angel Jibreel/Gabriel).
Qaf-fa have something continue. (i.e. a necklace which has beads come after the
other.)
This ayah is amazing in the fact that Allah is addressing the sraelites. The first main
Messenger sent to them as a whole (the 12 tribes) was Moses (who is at the beginning
of the necklace), and the last bead on the necklace of the Bani sra'eel (sraelite)
Prophets' is Prophet Jesus son of Mary.
"A fa kuIIa maa jaa'a kum RasooIan bi maa Iaa taHwaa aNfusa-kum fa-astaKbar-
tum" - So why then, everytime a Messenger came to you aII with what you did not
Desire (taHwaa), you aII sought your own greatness.
taHwaa - Hawaa - empty desires.
So Allah is telling us that whenever a Messenger came to them who they didn`t like, whose
commands didn`t Iit in with their desires you seeked greatness Ior yourselves.
Yoy felt your desire, personality was better than what the Messenger had came with.
It`s reported that Allah`s Messenger Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) said
|meaning|; 'You won`t Iully believe until your desires suit what the Messenger came with.
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"Fa fareeqan kadh-dhab-tum wa fareeqan taQtuIoon" - So a group of you
repeatedIy and intenseIy Iied against him (the Messenger), and a group of you
kiII.'
The sraelites did claim belief in the Messengers' of Allah, apart from two Jesus son of
Mary and Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhim wasalam.)
But Allah says that they lied against them (including the other Messengers.) How is
this?
They lied against their Messenger by not obeying, and questioning their Messenger
arrogantly like they did in their early history with Moses.
"wa Fareeqan taQtuIoon" - and a group of you kiII (the Messengers').
Because some oI these people couldn`t trust their Messengers`, accusing some oI them as being
liars. So they thought that killing them would be a good idea.
AIIah said; taQtuIoon (you aII kiII) in present-future tense, showing that this
attitude of theirs wiII continue.
Allah brings this reminder many times in the Qur`an to show the seriousness oI their crime, and
how much He hates it.
The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) told us that we would follow the ways of the
Bani sra'eel (sraelites) like a shoe matches the other shoe.
The Prophets` oI Bani Isra`eel would update the Shari`ah (Laws) oI Moses Ior the times the
Israelites lived in. This is a similar role the Scholars (Ulama) perIorm in this Ummah (nation.)
We know that the Prophets` oI Bani Isra`eel were caught, humiliated and tortured and insulted by
their people. Many oI our Ulama go through a similar Iate. Even today.
We need to respect the Ulama because iI we don`t, Allah might get angry at us like He got
angry at the Israelites Ior disrespecting the Messengers.
Baqarah 91-93:
[Download MP3]
Ayah 91:
96
And when it is said to them, 'Believe in what Allah has revealed, they say, 'We believe |only|
in what was revealed to us. And they disbelieve in what came aIter it, while it is the truth
conIirming that which is with them. Say, 'Then why did you kill the prophets oI Allah beIore, iI
you are |indeed| believers?
When it is said to them; Come to believe in what Allah has sent down, they say 'We
believe what was sent down on to us ('alayNaa)'
The discussion with Bani sra'eel (the sraelites/Jews) is approaching it's end. Now Allah
is answering the most obnoxious claims of theirs for not following the Messenger.
When the Jews say, we beIieve in what was sent on us ('aIayNaa) - it has 2
impIications;
1 - the obvious meaning; 'we believe in what was sent on us' they do not want to
change their belief that they only have to follow a Jewish book.
2 - we believe in what was sent ON us (Alay-naa) the word 'alay (on) signiIies that they Ieel
it is a Responsibility which they have to hold onto, which they cannot change Irom. So they are
saying; we believe and IulIill our Jewish law, and that is enough Ior us, so no thankyou.`
"wa yaKfuroona bi maa waraa'ah" - and they deny with what is behind them.'
These people might claim they are believers, but they really are not. As they reject other
important parts of the 'sraelite revealed' Guidance too:
1 they deny Jesus son of Mary as a Messenger, and the Scripture (the njeel) which
he came with. 2 the Book they were given they did make changes to it (see ayah
90). So if that is not disbelief, then what is?
"Wa huwwa aI haqqu muSaddiqan Ii maa ma'a-hum" - And it is the truth,
confirming what is with them.'
So if they really are sincere in wanting to follow their book, they should follow this
(Qur'an). Because their own books are telling them of the future Messenger, and this
Messenger (Muhammad [saws]) matches what is written in your own books.
Then Allah exposes their hypocrisy of wanting to follow their book;
"QuI, fa Ii-ma taQtuIoona anbiyaa'AIIahi min qabIu in kun tum mu'mineen" - Say
(O Muhammad) - then why do you kiII the Prophets' of AIIah from before if you
truIy are BeIievers?'
What part oI your Iaith told you to kill your Prophets`?
The Israelites had many Prophets` they harmed, but Allah will interrogate and expose them more
in the next ayah.
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Ayah 92:
Even Moses already came to you with clear signs, and you held tightly onto the Calf
after him, and you were wrongdoers.
This is the Prophet who the sraelites respect most and take pride in. Yet they took the
Calf/baby cow as an idol for worship whilst Moses was amongst them!
s this what your book tells you? So if you never followed it sincerely then, and they
were the best of your nation then how can you be so sure that you are following it
sincerely now?
Ayah 93:
And |recall| when We took your covenant and raised over you the mount, |saying|, 'Take what
We have given you with determination and listen. They said |instead|, 'We hear and disobey.
And their hearts absorbed |the worship oI| the calI because oI their disbelieI. Say, 'How
wretched is that which your Iaith enjoins upon you, iI you should be believers.
"And when We took the strong covenant from you, We raised the mountain
of Toor above you, (saying); HoId onto what We have given you with great
strength, and remember what is in it so you can guard (against eviI, AIIah's anger,
punishment etc.) They (QaaIoo) said; We heard and we disobeyed. Then inside
their hearts the Iove for worshipping the caIf was poured into it."
Allah enhances this interrogation a level even higher. We know they did not even follow
Moses properly, now Allah tells us that they even made jokes of Allah's covenant which
He took with them when the mountain was placed above them and about to fall on
them (see surah al A'raf 7:171).
Allah speaks to them in 2nd person ('kum' You lot) first when He is taking the
covenant with them. But their arrogance and disobedience makes Allah disgusted, so
He talks about them in 3rd person ('Qaaloo They said..'). This is called Tab'eed
Distancing intensely from someone because of dislike for them.
Allah is telling us that because of their not wanting to accept Allah's covenant, Allah
punished them by making them love idol worship intensely. So wanting to break the
contract with Allah is one of the worst punishments Allah can give to someone.
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O Allah, love us and make us of those who love you, always. Ameen.
Then Allah tells His Messenger to say;
QuI bi'sa maa ya'muru-kum eemaanu-kum in kun-tum mu'mineen - Say (O
Muhammad) - eviI/disgusting is what your BeIief (Emaan) commands you to do if
you truIy are beIievers.
Allah tells His Messenger to talk, since He does not even want to directly talk to them
(after He has quoted their evil bad habits.)
And now He tells them that if this is what their Belief calls them to (disobeying
Messengers', making jokes about Allah, love for calf worship etc.), then their (false)
beliefs call them to extremely disgusting (bi's) things indeed.
Now that He has spoken to them and they still don't believe, Allah will stop talking
directly to them in 2nd person (i.e. You) etc. f anyone is going to talk to them now, it is
the Messenger.
The new transision Irom now will be that; Allah will tell His Messenger about the Israelites`;
Commenting about them, their attitudes and how he (the Messenger) should deal with them.
Baqarah 94-96
[Download MP3]
Ayah 94:
Say (O Muhammad) if the final home (Daar) belongs exclusively to you with Allah,
then wish for death if infact you are truthful..
Daar home / residence.
The Jews, Christians, and Muslims all believe that only their religion is the saved group
in the Next life.
Muslims believe: 'Surely the religion with Allah is Islam (aal Imran 3:19)
Christians believe you can only get to the Kingdom oI Heaven` through Jesus Christ.
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The Jews especially at the time of Prophet Muhammad believed they were the only
saved people who would enter heaven/paradise. [Although over centuries some Jewish
sects began to reject an Afterlife. (.e. Some jewish sects today believe; there is no hell.)
]
But Allah is telling the Jews to wish for death if they are so certain it is only for them.
f the Jews asked the Muslims to wish for death the Muslims did not claim that
individually they are guaranteed Paradise. Rather, they wish to Allah and do good
acts and ask for forgiveness hoping Allah will accept them into His Paradise/Jannah.
Muslims are in a balance between hope and fear.
Whereas the Jews at that time thought they were guaranteed Paradise. And if that life is
better, and you're sure you're going there then why don't you wish for death?
Ayah 95:
But they wiII never wish for it, ever, because of what their hands have put forth.
And AIIah is Knowing of the wrongdoers.
And they will never wish for it, because of what their hands have sent forward
(invested).
When you do bad or good deeds you send them forward to Allah.
So the Jews know;
1 They have not done alot of good things. So they find it hard to want to return to
Allah. 2 They have spent alot of their worldly efforts and money for this worldly life,
and they have not put much effort and money (charity) for the next life. So they are
more attracted to this life, and this is why they don't want to die.
And Allah is Iully knowledgable oI the wrongdoers.`
Ayah 96:
And you wiII find them the most greedy/zeaIous/energetic in pursuit of preserving
their worIdIy Iife intact (they do not want to Iose this Iife), and even more than the
poIytheists.
The polytheists would be willing to die in battle, so that they would earn honour for
themselves in poetry and tribal history.
The sraelites however would not fight, and if they did come out to fight, they would say;
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Wait till our awaited Messenger comes, with him we will deIeat you like the people oI Aad
were destroyed.`
(yastaftihoona 'ala al-aladheena kafaroo they sought a way out from those who
disbelieved.)
'Everyone oI them wishes he could live Ior 1000years. And even then he will not be escaping
at all Irom the punishment. And Allah is in Iull view oI what they are doing.
Ustadh Nouman mentions a story which might benefit;
He went to a Muslim families house who had alot of money, and he gave them a talk
about surah 'ASr (which talks about how our time in life is ending each moment.)
Then aIter the talk, the mother oI the house said to Ustadh Nouman; I love this house, I don`t
ever want to leave it.` (she was hinting that she does not want to move onto the next liIe and
would preIer this house instead.)
Ustadh Nouman replied that we will all have to leave this life sometime soon.
The moral oI the story was; Don`t be attached too much to this liIe, like the Israelites and those
beIore us were. Otherwise, we will also Iit the description oI;
AHraSa aI-naasa 'aIa aI-hayaat - 'the most zeaIous/greedy/attached -of peopIe-
upon Iife.'
We as Muslims should always be preparing for death and meeting Allah. Because the
true home is the home of Paradise/Jannah.
O Allah, make us the people of your Jannah al Firdaws (the Highest Paradise), soon,
with ease, ameen ya Rabb.
Baqarah 97-98
Ayah 97:
101
Say, 'Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel it is |none but| he who has brought
the Qur`an down upon your heart, |O Muhammad|, by permission oI Allah ,
conIirming that which was beIore it and as guidance and good tidings Ior the
believers.
The invitation to Bani sra'eel got stronger and stronger. The more naive members of
their community would actually agree that what the Quran is saying is true, similar to
their scripture.
'And when they (the naive/less scholarly Jews) meet those who believe, they say 'we
believe' but when they (Jews) meet one another in private, they (the scholarly Jews)
say (to the Jews who agreed with the Muslims) 'Shall you tell them what Allah
has revealed to you, so they argue with you about it before your Lord? Have you no
intellect!? (Quran 2:76)
Their seniors would criticize their laypeople , saying why do you agree with them that
what is in your scripture (the Qur'an) is also in ours (the Torah)?
So there is evidence that some portion of the common Jews of Medinah did agree with
the validity of the Qur'an. And their scholars criticized them.
Tafseer:
The ayah now discussed is explained. Why did the Jews have a hatred for Angel Jibreel
(Gabriel)?
1 - They believed that revelation should only come to the sraelites (children of s-haaq
and Ya'qub [also known as sra'eel]).
So how could Angel Jibreel give revelation to a non sraelite? They would argue this,
and blamed Angel Jibreel that he probably gave revelation to the wrong person the
Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam).
Some extreme Khawaarij or Shi`a groups even within our own Ummah Iell into this same
mistake and claimed that Angel Jibreel made a mistake by giving the revelation to Prophet
Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) and that it was really supposed to be revealed to Ali
ibn Abu Talib (radhiy Allahu anhu).
2 - The Israelite scholars were angry that their own people were now being convinced by the
Qur`an. So they showed their Irustration at Angel Jibreel to discredit the message. They knew
that Angel Jibreel would bring Allah`s punishments in past nations, so they were angry at him.
So they argued that Angel Jibreel was bad, and if Allah had sent another like Mikaa'eel
(Michael) we would happily accept the message. These were just excuses to deny the
message.
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Now to discussing the Ayah in that context:
Say; whoever was an enemy to Jibreel then surely he sent it (the Quran) down upon your heart
(O Muhammad) by the permission oI Allah.`
So when the Jews were taunting Allah`s Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) in their
speech, Is it Jibreel who sends it down to you?`
Then Allahs Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) does not defend Jibreel or ask
Allah as to why Angel Jibreel came instead of other angels. Rather Allah clearly and
strongly replies that; 1 it surely is Jibreel, and 2 he sent it specifically upon your
heart O Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam), 3 by the permission of Allah. This is
showing a strong unapologetic attitude.
'muSaddiqan li maa bayna yadayhi' - Confirming what is right infront of it (previous
revelations.)
Wa hudan and a guide
Wa bushraa and the Ultimate good news (even though you disbelievers might not
think it is good news due to your denial of it.)
Li al Mu'mineen for the Believers.
(it is a good news for the believers because it will give them a good life in this world, and
a beautiful life to come in Paradise.) This good news is only for the believers, not for the
disbelievers.
May Allah make us of the believers, ameen.
Ayah 98:
Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His
messengers and Gabriel and Michael then indeed, Allah
is an enemy to the disbelievers.
That whoever is an enemy to Allah (aduwan li-illah)`
103
wa malaa`ikatihee (and His angels) - Wa Jibraa`eela wa Meekaal and (Angel) Gabriel and
Michael.
We know the sraelites only hated Jibreel, yet Allah is telling us that by taking Jibreel as
an enemy of Allah, then you have made Allah your enemy. So do not 'pick and choose'
who you can love, rather you have to love ALL of them to have emaan (true belief) in
the sight of Allah.
Some narrations say that the sraelites praised Angel Meeka'eel. So we see that Allah
is telling them that if you are an enemy to Angel Jibreel, you are also an enemy to Angel
Meekaa'eel.
We also see in ancient civilizations like Greek mythology where Angels as 'children
of gods' fight each other for kingdom, power and control. This has even mixed in with
many modern christians and jewish sects who sometimes even question whether
angels are partly divine gods or not. They do not have the standard definition which we
have in slam of angels being 'obedient servants of God.'
So they have entire mythologies of angels fighting each other.
So by being an enemy to Jibreel, then know that Angel Mikaa`eel is not on your side either.
'Fa inna Allaha 'aduwan li-al kaafireen' then surely Allah is an enemy to the
disbelievers.
Fa = Then (jawaab al shart response to the condition.)
Inna Allaha aduw then no doubt Allah is a enemy...
They declared enmity to one aspect oI Allah`s Messengers (angels or humans), so Allah is saying
that He is also an enemy..
To who?
Li al Kaafireen to the ungrateful/rejecting/Disbelievers.
To reject any one aspect/link in the chain of the (human and angel) Messengers' of
Allah then you have become an enemy of Allah, so He has made Himself an enemy
against you (the feeling of dislike is mutual).
We ask Allah never to make us His enemy, ameen ya Rabb.
Earlier we see the Israelites claimed we had emaan, aamannaa` (we believe) in what was
revealed to us, and we reject what is other than it. (al Baqarah 2:91)
So when it was said to them to have faith, they said we already believe in what was
revealed to us. But Allah is telling them no, you don't believe. So Allah is telling
them; No, not only do you not have faith. (Allah) am your enemy, and you are surely
disbelievers.
Fa inna Allaha aduwan li-al kaaIireen Then surely Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.`
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Baqarah 99-101:
Ayah 99:
And We have certainly revealed to you verses [which are] clear proofs, and
no one would deny them except the defiantly disobedient.
Wa = and
La = (al tawkeed = emphasis) Surely.
Qad already
Anzal-Naa We sent down
lay-ka = to you (O Muhammad)
Aayaatin = signs
Bayyinaat = Clear
Wa maa = And none
yaKfuru = (is) denying/rejecting
Bi-haa = With it
llaa al faasiqoon = except the rebellious
Allah used the word Bayyinah (clear, undeniable proof) which is explained in surah
Bayyinah; the 'Messenger reciting Purified pages.'
This is what the disbelievers denied the Messenger who recited the; miraculous, wise,
beautiful unmatched Message (aayaat/miraculous signs.)
So they denied the Message, and even the Messenger who they admitted to his nobility
and honesty and mercy.
So the Message was credible, the Messenger was credible. By rejecting this they
were clear disbelievers to the Bayyinaat (clear proofs.)
We need to have credible and praised and merciful characteristics in the sight of society
in order for our Message in da'wah to have strong impact on the people in society. Just
like
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Allah`s Messenger helped the oppressed idol-worshippers in Makkah when they were treated
unjustly, even aIter Prophethood. I.e. Abu Jahl would not return the money oI a man to him,
so the man came to Allah`s Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) and asked him Ior help, so
Allah`s Messenger went to Abu Jahl and demanded that he give the man`s money back. And
Abu Jahl out oI Iear passed the money back to the oppressed man.
'Wa maa yaKfuroo bihaa iIIaa aI-faasiqoon' - And none disbeIieves in it, except
the inherentIy corrupt.
The people who deny the message after it has; i come clearly to them. ii through a
reliable/trustworthy source then this meaning implies to them.
We know there is weakness in our da'wah and we need to try to strengthen it through
showing society our good, caring character, and through establishing good masaajid
where new converts can find a good muslim community to help them (i.e. f they were
forced out of their homes etc.)
We know that some people who do alot of sins are affected by the reminder of the
Qur'an. They feel guilty and feel they need to change themselves for the better in
atleast some ways.
But now Allah is telling us that these inherently corrupt (faasiqoon) people do not even
want to follow the reminder in the least.
Ayah 100:
s it not [true] that every time they took a covenant a party of them threw it
away? But, [in fact], most of them do not believe.
Everytime they came forward and made a strong promise/covenant (with Allah, His
Messenger) a group from among them threw it away carelessly.
Nabadha = he threw away something careIessIy (without reaIising its importance.)
'Bal aktharuhum laa yu'minoon No, rather most of them are not believing.
These people said the shahadah (testimony of faith) never took the contract with Allah
seriously and because of that Allah who knows the hearts has said that they do
not believe. Allah Himself has declared them to be disbelievers.
We ask Allah to protect us from hypocrisy and disbelief. Ameen ya Allah.
Ayah 101:
106
When a Messenger especially Irom Allah came to them, (whose description/
na`t/siIIa was that he was) conIirming what was already with them, a group Irom
among those who were given the book threw it away behind (waraa`) their backs
(Dhuhoori-him) like they did not have (any) knowledge.
Similar phrases but different meanings:
1-AatayNaa al Kitaab = We gave the book. [positive context in Quran.] 2-Oowtu al
Kitaab = given the book (passive voice.) [negative context in Quran.]
The 2nd ('Oowtu al Kitaab') is often used in a negative context in the Quran. These
sraelites were given the book but they abandoned it, tossed/threw it away casually
behind their back, when the Messenger came to them with clear proofs.
This is what made these people corrupt. Their envy, jealousy and hatred in wanting
to accept and act upon the truth. And we need to fear this characteristic from within
ourselves too.
Ka anna hum laa ya`lamoon` Like as iI they do not know.
These people threw the book behind their backs without any care for it. (like when you
write something, you don't like it so you throw it behind your back.)
But they acted like they 'did not know'. Someone might tell you the most amazing thing,
but if you say " have no idea what you're talking about you will dumbfound them.
They will feel that they have not explained the idea clearly. This is exactly what the
disbelievers did to Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam) and this is what
many anti-slamic people do to the Muslims today.
So Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan recommends us to be abit cleverer and wiser in our
da'wah, to use the Quran and Sunnah as our argument (less of our personal opinions),
and not to fall into the traps of time-wasters or debators who survive off debates. Rather
you convey the message through reciting text off Quran's meaning, and then you leave
their worthless debates unless they show signs of sincerety.
Baqarah ayah 102-103:
Ayah 102:
107
And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of
Solomon. t was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved,
teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at
Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless
they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]. And
[yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between
a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by
permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does
not benefit them. But the Children of srael certainly knew that whoever
purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And
wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.
They pursued and foIIowed preciseIy what the deviIs wouId read upon (at the
time/ruIe) of SuIaymaan/SoIomon, and SuIaymaan did not disbeIieve but rather
the deviIs disbeIieved. Teaching the peopIe magic
The scholars of tafseer mention that the devils used to teach people magic, which
people? The sraelites during the rule of Prophet Sulaymaan/Solomon.
We see in the previous ayah that the people threw the book behind their backs and
didn't give value to their Holy Book, then necessarily you will follow the paths of the
shayateen (devils.) Why? Because you have abandoned Tawheed (pure monotheism),
so you will only follow the path which opposes it which is worshipping shaytaan (which
is a part of magic.)
We know that some people in the modern era deny magic, and supernatural aspects of
the religion. But this goes against the classical understandings of scholars who said that
magic is real.
We also know another extreme where people in the Muslim world, and even in the
western world amongst the Muslim and non-Muslim community go to magicians and
fortune tellers. You can imagine non-muslims doing this, but some Muslims even do
this, and it reminds you
108
oI the previous ayah; groups oI them threw their Book (Quran) behind their backs like they did
not know.`
[Nouman Ali Khan said he would explain this ayah in depth when he gives a full indepth
Tadabbur tafseer of it]
In one stage oI Bani Isra`eels history, when their emaan had gone low this happened ;
'Whatever was sent down to the two AngeIs in BabyI (BabyIon is the oId name of
Iraq in the BibIe.) [two angeIs] caIIed Harut and Marut, ...
These people had abandoned their Holy Book the Tawrah, and had started to depend
on amulets and talismans instead, so Allah tested them by sending them Harut and
Marut two angels who taught people magic.
Now why were they tested this way? We know they abandoned their Holy Book like they
did not know, and then they stopped depending upon Allah. So shaytaan fooled them
into depending upon other than Allah, papers with writing on (talismans) which would
make people commit shirk and call upon jinns. This led people more astray, making the
devils happy that people have abandoned tawheed, and have started to worship them
instead of Allah.
What was sent down upon the two angels Harut and Marut..`
We see that Allah said that the devils disbelieved, yet He did not attribute Him teaching
magic to the angels (because evil is not directly attributed to Allah which is part of the
Balaghah of this Qur'an and this ayah.)
'and these two (Harut and Marut) wouId never teach anyone at aII, not anyone
(ahadin), untiI they said - 'we are nothing but a test, so do not disbeIieve (commit
kufr)'
So if someone came to them, they might have Percieved it to be magic, yet it might
not have been magic (this is because the word 'Maa' [= what (unzila - was sent down
on Harut and Marut) You see there is no mention of magic for these Angels, but it is
attributed to the devils specifically.].
So when the people came to Harut and Marut they might have perceived that they
would learn magic.
Furthermore Allah does not specifically say that the Angels taught magic. When He
tells us that the Angels said; fa laa taKfur so do not disbelieve. So we do not see the
Angels saying; so do not do magic.
So again, it is possible that the devils did magic (since that is clearly stated.) But magic
has not clearly been attributed to Allah or the Angels.
This teaches that the Angels warned the people not to disbelieve (commit kufr).
109
Meaning; do not commit disbelief, but if you do learn magic you will commit kufr
(disbelief.) So you are doing this at your own risk.
'And they are teaching (present-future tense) what causes separation between a man
and his wife.'
So these people choose in magic; I want to separate this couple`, or other types oI corruptions
on the earth.
[see http://JinnDemons.com website for more details.]
'And they are and were never abIe to cause harm to anyone except by the
permission (idhn) of AIIah.
And they learnt that which would harm them and not beneIit them.`
(these people thought they were harming others by breaking up marriages and causing
fights between people. Yet these people were gathering up sins and acts of kufr
(disbelief) which would harm them in this lifetime soon [i.e. Magicians cannot have
children because the devil Jinns even kill their children in the wombs etc.], and soon
destruction in hellfire. So they face loss in this life in this world and the next.)
'And they aIready knew that whoever purchase this (ishtaraa/yashtaree) wouId
have no share whatsoever ['Maa' - strong entire negation ] of the Hereafter
(Paradise.)
These people knew that if they did magic, they would have absolutely no share of
Paradise in the next life (because doing magic includes satan worship = extreme kufr
which means no success in the next life.]
'Wa Ia bi'sa maa sharaw aNfusa-hum' - And sureIy disgusting is what they soId
themseIves for...
This is a fact, the magicians/witches have to do extreme evil like disgusting acts of;
murder, incest, homosexuality, eating feaces (poo), and living in graveyards and
garbage places. They have to commit kufr like standing on Qur'an to prove to the devils
they are sincere in worshipping them in order to get their help.
So they sell their souls to the devils`, just like Allah says; disgusting is what they sold
themselves Ior..`
Law kaanoo ya`lamoon` - iI only they had known...
Ayah 103:
110
And if they had believed and feared Allah , then the reward from Allah
would have been [far] better, if they only knew.
Had they had Emaan (belieI/security), and attaqaw (had taqwa guarded against evil), the
heavy reward which had especially come Irom Allah would be better, iI only they knew.`
These people could have followed the Book which Allah gave them, which would bring
great reward for them. But they abandoned it like they did not know (it existed,)
..iI only they knew.`
O Allah, make us of the people who follow the guidance of your Book in its entirety, and
be of the successful in this world and the next. Ameen ya Rabb.
Baqarah 105-106
Ayah 105:
'Neither those who committed disbelief from within the People of the Book,
nor the Polytheists love that good be sent down upon you from your Lord.
But Allah chooses with His Mercy who He wants, and Allah is possessor of
Great Favours.'
The attitude of some of the People of the Book and of some of the Polytheists is
addressed in this ayah.
Also some new Muslims who had just newly become Muslims in Madinah who had lived
amongst the People of the Book thought that these people didn't care about harming us.
How could they if we have lived amongst them as friends all our lives?
But Allah tells us that there are some groups from amongst the disbelievers (who you
might have been friends with before practising slam) who have agendas against slam.
(this is referring to those who have chosen disbelief after knowing slam is really true
as mentioned in the previous aayaat before this ayah.)
111
[NOTE: Kaafir in the Qur'an is different to its usage in the books of Fiqh (which generally
say; anyone who does not believe is treated as a Kafir in his rights and roles in society
etc.)
n the Qur'an, the Kaafir (constant Disbeliever) is one of two;
1 - someone who denies the truth of slam after knowing its truthfulness. 2 - someone
who wages armed warfare against the believers.]
The people being spoken about now are the ones who disbelieve after seeing the truth,
and choose to oppose slam as their way of life.
This ayah starts with Maa` |strong negation| a Nahy/Iorbidding:
So straightaway from the beginning of the Ayah, Allah is refuting the misconception/
misunderstanding that some new believers may have about their past friends who
disbelieve, thinking their friends will remain close to them. When this is far from the
truth, because changes in beliefs and ways of life separates friendships due to different
aims/purposes in life.
Allah mentioned the 'People of the Book' first because the believers in Madinah need
more convincing that the People of the Book people will try to harm them, and the
Mushrikeen (idol worshipper polytheists) hatred was already known in the Makkan
period, so Allah is telling us that just as the polytheists harmed and plotted against you,
so will the People of the Book in the near future.
'They wouId not Iike it at aII that any good (khayr) be sent down on you'
Khayr (good) refers to;
- Victory from Allah, -Rizq (anything which people can use to benefit themselves in
life). - Establishment of slam in the Land. - Most of all; Prophethood/Messengership
(Risaalah).
They would not want this to come to Allah`s Messenger and the believers.
The People of the Book did not like that FROM ANY good (MN khayrin) come to the
Messenger of Allah Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam). This is how much hatred
was in their hearts, and we see this how they tried to find any excuses to disrespect and
belittle the Message revealed to Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam.)
Min Irom (min al ta`ajjub Astonishment)
Allah is telling us that any good the Muslims get, throughout history there will be some
of the People of the Book and Polytheists who cannot tolerate it and get extremely
angry if ANY good happens to the Muslims.
112
and Allah who speciIices (yaKhtuSu) especially by His Mercy whoever He wants`.
Whether you like it or not, the good which is written for the Muslims (of victory, favours
and riches), it will happen because it is a promise from Allah to help His believing
slaves.
'and AIIah is possessor of ExtremeIy Great Favour (dhuw faDIi aI-'ADheem.)'
We know the sraelites would take pride in getting many Messengers and Books coming
in their lineage. Allah is telling us that He can choose who He wants to give good to,
and no-one can prevent Him'.
Ayah 106:
We do not abrogate [cancel out] any ayah at all, or make to forget it, We
bring one better than it, or similar to it, do you not know that Allah is able to
do all things?
- Maa is used again for Strong Negation and Refutation to the Christians and Jews who
always ask; 'How can God abrogate our scripture?'.
- Allah also tells us that He abrogates a text or makes it to be forgotten, and He brings
one better than it, or similar to it. We know that Allah has replaced the Laws of the
People of the Book with our Law, and some Laws (like Hijaab/modest dress, and the
Qisaas Laws like 'an eye for an eye') are similar to the Laws revealed to the People of
the Book and still in the Bible today. So when they criticize slam for its Shari'a law, they
have the same laws in their own books.
- There are some Laws which Allah has abrogated which were mandatory on past nations like
the observation oI Sabbath (they can`t do anything on that day.) But Allah was merciIul to us by
giving us just the Friday Jumu`ah prayer.
Ansa/yunsi/insaa` |iI3aal| made to be Iorgotten.
Allah makes some Laws and Revelations, their texts and laws were made to be
forgotten.
So Allah is telling us that what He has sent down now is; similar to your Law, or better
than it.
Allah tells us the purpose oI Shari`ah is to lighten your burden oI liIe; yureedullahu an
yukhaIIiIa ankum Allah wants to lighten your burden (oI your laws and culture Ior you. (surah
Nisaa` 4:)
113
Allah also tells us in surah aal mran (3:) that the Jews never had anything forbidden to
eat except what sraa'eel (Prophet Ya'qub/Jacob) made haraam (forbidden) for himself.
And that if they disagree, then they should bring their Torah and prove that Allah made
it specifically haraam.
Don`t you know that Allah is capable oI anything and everything?`
Allah is telling the disputing people of the book that if you know Allah is able to do all
things, then why are you shocked when Allah has abrogated your laws for the Law of
the Qur'an and Sunnah.
ExpIanation of Naskh and Mansookh (abrogation):
1 Scholars have explained that Aayaat can be abrogated by Qur`ans other Aayaat and even by
Authentic Ahadeeth.
2 Scholars have tried their best to minimize which aayaat can be abrogated, because
they are speaking about the speech of Allah.
- al-Suyuti said 14 aayaat were abrogated. -Shah wali-ullah Dehlwi (in Hujjatu-Allahi
al-baaligha) reduced it to 5 aayat maybe being abrogated. -Later scholars said them
aayaat can be understood and reconciled and all of them may not be abrogated.
n other words, the scholars did not want to rush to making aayaat maNsookh
(abrogated.)
The sad thing is that some people in our times -out of fear from non muslims in society-
say that all the Madani aayaat about war are abrogated.
And others say that all oI Makki surahs are abrogated. (2/3 oI Qur`an is Makki surahs.)
The best way is the middle way right things in the right context.
Naskh (Abrogation) Reason Summarized:
The disbelievers at the time of Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) could
not bear the Qur'an because the Qur'an exposes their errors, from the People of the
Book (i.e. When they rebelled against Moses, Allah in their past etc.), and also the flaws
in the polytheists beliefs.
So everytime the revelation comes it exposes the mistakes of the disbelieving people.
And for you to be better people, you need to accept that your Laws are abrogated, and
you should follow the new and better example. This is the true and main reason for
Naskh (abrogation.)
Baqarah 107-108
114
Ayah 107:
Do you not know that to Allah (alone), Ior Him belongs the kingdom oI the
heavens/skies and Earth? And besides Allah you have no protector (waliy) and no
constant Helper (naSeer.)`
Allah now puts the person who denies Abrogation (naskh) into his place. Making them
realise that Ultimately, all matters are decided by Allah because everything belongs to
Him.
To Allah alone (the Alone` is implied by placing Allah earlier in the ayah structure
Exclusivity |taqdeem/ikhtisaas|.
To Allah Alone belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens/skies and the Earth.
'And you wiII not find other than AIIah a waIi, or naSeer.'
Wali = someone who wants to protect you.
similar word: Mawla someone who Will protect you.
NaSeer = Constant Helper. Nusra/NaSr = a Help which is Great against oppression.
This ayah is emphasisng to the Bani Isra`eel that there is no true Wali or NaSeer besides Allah.
So if any of you are convinced of slam and are wanting to become Muslim but you fear
that your people will abandon you (meaning: no family/tribal strength) Then know that
you have no true Helper (Wali or NaSeer) besides Allah.
Ustadh Nouman tells of some stories of converts;
1 n 1999, a Jew who was studying to become a Rabbi became Muslim inbetween
his studies. But he continued in this Jewish education out of fear that his family might
abandon him, or give him a hard time.
2 Another example; A brother who was Aga Khani (Isma`eeli Shi`a sect) owned an Islamic
Bookstore Ior Ahlus Sunnah Muslims. He started reading them books and became Muslim. Then
he gave da`wah to his wiIe and children and they also became Muslims. Then his tribe Iound out,
and they
115
made his life miserable, they called the police on him randomly all the time, and they
took him out of his job. So he and his family had to change their names and move
address.
3 Another story; A sister in America, Luoisiana lived in a tight-knit community town of
around 400people. Her father was a Christian Preacher. She would often get dreams of
the Ka'bah. She heard a lecture and decided to convert and hid her slam. Then people
from her town found out about her slam and started to call her a heathen and devil
worshipper. She searched on google and found the closest mosque which was around
2hrs away from her home. She went to that mosque and the people there never treated
her nicely, so she left and may have thought she was wrong. But then she had dreams
of the Ka'bah again. So she drove to another mosque and started to learn about slam.
Now her parents abandoned her and she now lives in a College/University, and is doing
a Scholarship because alhamdulillah she is intelligent.
So we know that when you give up your past life of jahiliyyah (ignorance), and convert
to slam you will think that you will have no helper. But Allah tells the new converts/
reverts 'you will not find anyone besides Allah who will help you.'
Ayah 108:
Or do you intend to ask your Messenger as Moses was asked before?
And whoever exchanges faith for disbelief has certainly strayed from the
soundness of the way.
'Or do you desire to question your Messenger..?'
The idea of Naasikh and mansookh (abrogation) was questioning Allah.
Now the idea oI questioning the Messenger (Rasool), not just Messenger` or Messenger oI
Allah`, but your Messenger (Rasoola-kum)`.
Allah is telling us that the Messenger he sent to us is a gift, and that we should not
question his validity and truthfulness after we have said we believe in him.
(your Messenger` implies that now O Jews, your Messenger -who you have to Iollow- is
Muhammad, not Moses).
Questioning the Messenger was a big trait of hypocrisy in previous nations i.e. many of
the followers of Moses continuously questioned and doubted when Moses commanded
them to do things. They thought Moses was telling people to do things only for his own
benefit. Which is a sign of doubting and questioning and mocking the Messenger.
116
Asking vs Questioning the Messenger:
Allah tells us; ask the people oI the dhikr (knowledge/reminder) iI you do not know.`
But the tone, intent and attitude of someones question shows this.
I.e. II someone asks; How much oI my wealth is 2.5 zakaah (charity)?` This is asking, which
is praiseworthy.
Then to question the Messenger is like; WHY do I have to give speciIically 2.5 oI wealth in
charity? This is criticized iI someone is questioning why` to criticize the religions validity aIter
having claimed emaan (belieI).
'Ka maa su'iIa Musa min QabI' - Like Moses was questioned from before?
Moses said to his people; Li ma tu'dhoona-nee Why do you cause me pain/
annoyance (adhaa). [Quran, also see Ahzab 33:69]
- Allah is talking in this surah alot to Bani Isra`eel, so it is amazing that he reminds the people
how they had annoyed Moses in the past. Do they intend to do this again to your Messenger`
(your Messenger` implies that now O Jews, your Messenger -who you have to Iollow- is
Muhammad, not Moses).
'Wa man yatabaddaI-iI kufra bi-aI emaani fa qad DaIIa sawaa'a aI-sabeeI' - And
whoever is changing his beIief with disbeIief, then he has aIready gone far astray
on the wrong path.
1 Questioning the Messenger`s validity/legitimacy is equal to disbelieI, because questioning
Allah, or His Messengers legitimacy is disbelieI.
2 Denying legitimacy oI Allahs Messengers` makes people disbelieve. We know there is an
aim to legitimize people as one big Iamily` in the world, and to unite no matter what Messenger
you choose to deny or Iollow. This is not legitimate in Islam, you have to accept ALL the
Messengers`, and loyalty is only in Islam.
3 There is a trend to question Sunnah and Ahadeeth oI Allah`s Messenger nowadays.
So laypeople nowadays will find a translation of a hadeeth and force other people to
follow the laypersons opinion, when they have not even checked the criteria of the
hadith, including its;
-Sharh (explanation) -Analysis -Who was the speaking to, the listener, how they
understanded and implement it. - Other factors involved.
117
To then quote just a translation and forcing others to accept your understanding is a
hijacking of the Ahadeeth/Sunnah and Fiqh (slamic Law).
Ustadh Nouman says he goes to an slamic scholar of Ahadeeth and Fiqh when he has
a hadeeth question.
Ustadh Nouman says that if he has a question on a hadeeth, he goes to a qualified
Ahadeeth 'aalim (scholar).
Also people who do something like growing a beard, wearing Hijaab etc. People might
jokingly make fun of their slamic appearance.
Don`t do that, because these people are Iollowing Islam based on love oI Allah and His
Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasalam.) Even iI you think their view isn`t legitimate, they are
doing it based on an Islamic cause and this small joke might be a major bad deed against you
on Judgment Day.
We ask Allah for forgiveness and protection.
Some examples include scholars who never had beards or couldn't grow beards. Some
people from the Salaf (early Muslim generations) had only 1 hair on their beard, even
some scholars nowadays were criticized by laypeople for not growing a beard when
infact they could only grow 1 hair of a beard if you zoomed into their photo. So we
cannot criticize each other.
f we had brotherhood, fear of Allah and respect for the Sunnah of His Prophet (sal
Allahu alayhi wasalam) we would be united.
The differences in Fiqh and madhabs we have all connect back to the Sunnah of
the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam) so we should not
criticize others if we are not qualified to discuss the differences. And we should unite as
brothers in respect of the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wasallam.)
O Allah unite our hearts upon the Sunnah of Your beloved Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi
wasallam). Ameen ya Rabb.
118
Explanation:
The point explained in this verse is that we are allowed to ask questions about our religion but
we should not question the integrity and validity of our religion and its teachings.
Secondly this Ayah means, "f you ask about a matter after it is revealed, it shall be duly
explained to you. Therefore, do not ask about matters that have not occurred yet, for they might
become prohibited, due to your questions.''
Ayat # 109
Meanings:
Many of the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that they could turn you away as
disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their own selves, even after the truth (that
Muhammad is Allah's Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till
Allah brings His command. Verily, Allah is able to do all things.
Explanation:
Allah warned His believing servants against following the ways of the People of Book, who
publicly and secretly harbor emnity and hatred for the believers, and who envy the believers,
while they recognize the virtue of the believers and their Prophet . Allah also commanded His
believing servants to forgive them and to be patient with them, until Allah delivers His aid and
victory to them.
119
Ayat # 110
Meanings:
And perform the Salah and give the Zakah, and whatever of good you send forth for yourselves
before you, you shall find it with Allah. Certainly, Allah is the Seer of what you do.
Explanation:
We should be compililng good deeds all the time and Salah and Zakat help us in gathering good
deeds and act as a motivational boost to overcome the difficulties one faces in the path of truth.
(Certainly, Allah sees what you do), meaning, that He is never unaware of the deeds of any
person, nor will these deeds be lost by Him. Whether deeds are righteous or evil, Allah will
award each according to what he or she deserves based on their deeds.

Meanings:
And they say, "None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.'' These are their
own desires. Say (O Muhammad ), "Produce your Burhan if you are truthful.''
120
Explanation:
Whenever we indulge in any argument we sould try to prove ourselves on the basis of strong
evidances and proof (daleel) not by raising out voices. f someone raises voice in an argument it
clearly signifies that he has no evidance of what he is trying to proof.
Ayat # 112
Meanings:
Yes! But whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's religion of slamic
Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin then his reward is with his Lord (Allah), on such shall be no
fear, nor shall they grieve.)
Explanation:
There are two conditions for deeds to be accepted; the deed must be performed for Allah's
sake alone and conform to the Shari`ah. When the deed is sincere, but does not conform to the
Shari`ah, then it will not be accepted. The Messenger of Allah said,
(Whoever performs a deed that does not conform with our matter (religion), then it will be
rejected.)
121
Ayat # 113
Meanings:
The Jews said that the Christians follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); and the
Christians said that the Jews follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); though they both
recite the Scripture. Like unto their word, said those (the pagans) who know not. Allah will judge
between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they have been differing.
Explanation:
Today we have arguments among the following group of people:
1. Two groups having knowledge but trying to defeat their opponent and not ready to accept the
truth.
2.Or a group having no knowledge and still denying the truth and fighting to prove others wrong.
Allah will gather them all on the Day of Return. On that Day, Allah will justly judge between
them, for He is never unjust with anyone, even as little as the weight of an atom.
Ayat # 114
Meanings:
And who are more unjust than those who forbid that Allah's Name be mentioned (i.e. prayers
and invocations) in Allah's Masjids and strive for their ruin t was not fitting that such should
themselves enter them (Allah's Masjids) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world,
and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter
122
Explanation:
As Quran says:
The Masjids of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day;
perform the Salah, and give the Zakah and fear none but Allah). Therefore, if those believers
who follow the virtues mentioned in the Ayah were prevented from attending the Masjid,
then what cause for destruction is worse than this Maintaining the Masjids not only means
beautifying them, but it involves remembering Allah, establishing His Shari`ah in the Masjids
and purifying them from the filth of Shirk.
123
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AYAH 114:

And who are the most unjust than those who forbids that Allahs Name be
glorified and mentioned much (i.e. prayers and invocations) in Allahs mosque
and strive for their ruin? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter
them (Allah's Masjids) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and
they will have a great torment in the Hereafter.
MA KANA LAHUM means Its not worthy of them, its not appropriate for them

This Ayah (2:114) carries the good news for the Muslims from Allah that He will allow
them to take over Al-Masjid Al-Haram and all the Masjids and disgrace the idolator. Allah
is alluding towards what is coming. Soon after, the Ayah indicated, no idolator shall enter
the House, except out of fear of being seized or killed, unless he embraces Islam. Allah
fulfilled this promise and later decreed that idolator will not be allowed to enter Al-Masjid
Al-Haram


AYAH 115:



And to Allah belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn (yourselves or
your faces) there is the Face of Allah (and He is High above, over His Throne).
Surely, Allah is Sufficient (for His creatures' needs), Knowing.

!"%

SAMMA means there.
WASIUN means all encompassing
ALEEM means all knowledgeable



2:116



And they (Jews, Christians and pagans) say: Allah has begotten a son (children or
offspring).Glory is to Him (Exalted is He above all that they associate with Him). Nay,
to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth, and all are Qanitoon to Him.

SUBHANAHU: He is far above that. He is too perfect for that.
This word is used quite often whenever something inappropriate is said about Allah
And Allah says that in response that He is far above of what you (disbeliever) are
saying.
KULLU: Everything in existence
QUNOOT: you are humble before your master.
QAANIT: ready to obey Allah immediately


2:117



The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only
says to it: "Be! And it is.
BADII: TO CREATE OUT OF NOTHING. Its different from KAHLQ
KHALQ: TO CREAT SOMETHING OUT OF SOMETHING ELSE
KUN: BE
!"&

FAYAKUN: AND IT HAPPENS


2:118


And those who have no knowledge say: "Why does not Allah speak to us (face to
face) or why do not a sign come to us!'' So said the people before them words of
similar import. Their hearts are alike; We have indeed made plain the signs for
people who believe with certainty.
QUALITY CONTROL: Allah has same training to all the prophets that they all deliver
the same exact message. The FRANCHISE
But at the same time the shaytan has also got the same FRANCHISE putting us in
the same waswasa.
QAD: We have already done it.
Allah does not need to convince the disbelievers according to their conditions, his
indications are already convincing enough.
YUQINOON: verb
YUQINEEN: adjective: a nation that is convinced
Here it is used as a verb: a nation that wants to be convinced.
Means if you are really looking to be convinced then these ayahs are enough.










127

2:119



Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad) with the truth (Islam), a bringer of glad
tidings (for those who believe in what you brought, that they will enter Paradise) and
a Warner (for those who disbelieve in what you brought, that they will enter the
Hellfire). And you will not be asked about the dwellers of the blazing Fire.

Prophet is being told you should not be desperate, because he is genuinely
concerned.
JAHAMA: to stare with sharp eyes, and refers to the way a lion stares at its prey.



2:120




Never will the Jews or the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad) till you
follow their religion Say: "Verily, the guidance of Allah (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) that
is the (only) guidance.
And if you (O Muhammad) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after
what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur'an), then you would have against
Allah neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper.
We should highlight all the good and wonderful qualities of prophet (pbuh) when
doing dawah but never at the expense of one quality that is that He (PBUH) is the
messenger of Allah.



128

2:121



Those to whom we gave the Book recite it as it should be recited (Yatlunahu Haqqa
Tilawatihi) they are the ones who believe therein. And whoso disbelieve in it, those
are they who are the losers.

There are two types of expressions:
1 - We gave them the book
Used when Allah takes pride of giving the book

2- They were given the book
When disbeliever do something wrong He says they were given the book and does
not mentions himself to show how disappointed Allah swt is with them
(disbelievers)

Here expression 1 is used showing the sign of Him being pleased with them. Allah is
mentioning his qurb.
When Quran fails to get our time in mind, there is something wrong in our head,
means this is THE ultimate priority.

KHASIROON: Ultimate losers















129

2:122



O Children of Israel! Remember My favor which I bestowed upon you and that I
preferred you over the nations.
Means You (Children of Israel) didnt get that preference on your own, you didnt
deserve it I gave it to you. Dont be deluded it wasnt you.



2:123



And fear the Day (of Judgment) when no person shall avail another, nor shall
compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall
they be helped.
TAJZI: present form, means nobody will compensate.
TANFA U: feminine word
SHAFAAATUN: feminine word, no layer of protection for you.

Sequencing to be noted:
WALA TANFA U SHAFAAATUN: Intersession is mentioned first
WALAHUM YUNSAROON: Compensation is mentioned as second

That is the Sequence has changed and also the verb has changed.

HUM: is indicating that there will be others who will get shafaaat of Prophet
Mohammad (pbuh).





130

2:124



And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim (Abraham) tried him with (certain)
commands, which he fulfilled. He (Allah) said (to him), "Verily, I am going to make
you an Imam (a leader) for mankind (to follow you).''(Ibrahim as) said, "And of my
offspring (to make leaders).'' (Allah) said, "My covenant (Prophet hood) includes not
Zalimin (polytheists and wrongdoers)

HUNN: having pretty heavy instruction,
What were those heavy instructions?
-Jump in the blazing fire.
-Walk away to the desert leaving your wife and your Child.
-Allah's order for him to slaughter his son.

IMAM: one who is responsible for the people behind you.
Ibrahim as immediately asked about my children. (Future children)


















131



2:125




And (remember) when We made the House (the Kaaba at Makkah) a place of resort
for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqaam (place) of
Ibrahim (or the stone on which Ibrahim as a place). And We commanded Ibrahim
(Abraham) and Ismail (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Ka`bah at
Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (Itikaf), or bowing or
prostrating themselves (there, in prayer).

TAAEIFEENA for those who are circumambulating around the Kaaba
AAKIFEENA those who live or staying in the area of the Sacred House
RUKKA IS SUJOOD: bowing or prostrating themselves.

RUKKA IS SUJOOD: there is no WA in between

TAAEIFEENA WAL AAKIFEENA: there is WA
Thats because,
Ruku and sujood are one act of worship
Tawaf and aetikaaf are distinct acts of worships.











132

2:126



And (remember) when Ibrahim said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of
security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the
Last Day.''
He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment
for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is
that destination!''



2:127



And (remember) when Ibrahim and (his son) Ismail were raising the foundations of
the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), (saying), "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from
us. Verily, You are the Hearer, the Knower.''
RABBANA: Our Master (Ibrahim and Ismail as)
Rabbi: master
Ibrahim as is saying Ya Allah! you are not guaranteeing me my future generation at
least guarantee me my son.
INNAKA: no doubt you
ANTA: its you
Ibrahim as is desperate, as he is saying You know Ya Allah You know he (Ismail as)
is a good boy.




133

2:128



Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive
unto You, and show us our Manasik, and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the
One who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.
MUSLIMAEENI: Two Muslims
This ayah eludes that Ishaaq as hasnt born yet, thats why MUSLIMAEENI is
mentioned.
Make us both in complete submission just for you.
UMMATAN MUSLIMATAN LAK: At least one Muslim unified group.
Ibrahim as is pledging for us (Muslim ummah).
WA TUB ALAINA: And accept our repentance.
Ibrahim as is worried that his work is not good enough.





















134

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Ayah 129:


Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own, who shall recite unto
them Your verses and instruct them in the Book (this Qur'an), and purify them.
Verily, You are the Mighty, the Wise
WABAS: WA implies that Ibrahim a.s made this duaa to Allah swt and there
was no counter from Allah its like its accepted from Allah so he goes like mine
as well ask for some more so he adds an and-WA
There are two things here:
1. You could be from a people
2. But you are not still in them.
There is also a differentiation between knowledge and wisdom,
Ilm and hikamah
Knowledge: knowing right from wrong
Wisdom: not only knowing something beneficial but also acting upon it.
TAZKIAA: used for spiritual cleaning
Taharat: used for physical cleansing





133

Ayah 130:



And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (i.e. Islamic Monotheism)
except him who fools himself! Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in
the Hereafter he will be among the righteous.
AN: here it means repelled from.
There is a differentiation between MILLAT and UMMAH
MILLA: A nation unified by some kind of emotions.
UMMAH: A nation unified in a strongest possible way and they have the same
direction having certain mission.
Message being here is we should have some emotional affinity to being from the
legacy of Ibrahim a.s.

Ayah 131:



When his Lord said to him, "Submit (i.e. be a Muslim)!'' He said, "I have
submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, Jinn and all
that exists).
ASLIM: submit to a command



136

Ayah 132:



And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim (Abraham) upon
his sons and by Yaqoob (Jacob) (saying), "O my sons! Allah has chosen for you
the (true) religion, then die not except as Muslims.
Ibrahim a.s and so his grandchild Yaqoob a.s they had the same training and
teaching exactly the same message.

Ayah 133:



Or were you witnesses when death approached Yaqoob (Jacob) when he said
unto his sons, "What will you worship after me?''They said, "We shall worship
your Ilah (God Allah) the Ilah of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail
(Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), One Ilah, and to Him we submit (in Islam).
The sons of Israel said that we are only muslims to Allah




137

Ayah 134:



That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what
they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they
used to do.
Message being here is you should learn about them to change yourself
Deep Principle of Islam: Learning the stories of prophets and their histories is
critical but POINTLESS if you are learning it just for information purposes.
Allah swt only makes those parts of the history know that will help change
ourselves and commit ourselves to guidance.

Ayah 135:


And they say, "Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided.'' Say (to them O
Muhammad), "Nay, (we follow) only the religion of Ibrahim, Hanif (Islamic
Monotheism), and he was not of Al-Mushrikin (those who worshipped others
along with Allah.

HANIFAN: The one who is solely dedicated
MA KANA: At all
He (Ibrahim as) wasnt from the mushrikin AT ALL. He is just helping people
get to a conclusion.
138

Ayah 136:



Say (O Muslims): "We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to
us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael),
Ishaq (Isaac), Yaqoob (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat (the offspring of the twelve sons
of Yaqoob), and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and `Isa (Jesus), and
that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no
distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).

QULU: All of you, say!
This ummah is being told to speak to another ummah
ASBAAT: the future generations, the future Prophets.
The beginning and end of the legacy is mentioned over here; the two line of
ancestry.
It started with Ibrahim and ends with mentioning Moosa and Esa as.
Moosa and Esa a.s are specifically mentioned because the prophet is coming
specifically to Bani Israel. The shariyaa started with Moosa as and inseminated
with Esa a.s means all the prophets come in between these two, beginning and
end of the legacy.

TAFREEQ: no distinction
Opposite word is,
TAFDEEL: To give preference within prophets

139

Ayah 137:



So if they believe in the like of that which you believe then they are rightly
guided; but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allah will
suffice for you against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower.

Ayah 138:



(Our Sibghah (religion) is) the Sibghah of Allah (Islam) and which Sibghah can
be better than Allah's and we are His worshippers.
SIBGHAH: The COLOR; used as a figure of speech
Sighata: ends here with a fatha sibghata
Its nasb its mansoob form; what it implies, there is a verb before it.
This statement SIBGHATALLAH means that we have drenched ourselves in
tawheed; we have drenched ourselves in believing Allah, When someone sees us
the first thing they see is these are the people who have completely submitted to
Allah swt and Our worship helps us reinforce this color.




140

Ayah 139:



Say (O Muhammad to the Jews and Christians), "Dispute you with us about
Allah while He is our Lord and your Lord And we are to be rewarded for our
deeds and you for your deeds. And we are sincere to Him (i.e. we worship Him
alone and none else, and we obey His orders).
We have shown you the color of Allah we have adapted tawheed completely and
you are arguing us about Allah, look at what all the track record Allah has
exposed of you. You are going to argue about how loyal you are to Allah.
Importantly, intentions (NAHNU LAHU MUKHLISOON) are mentioned here
because in debate Intentions are everything.

Ayah 140:



Or say you that Ibrahim, Ismail, Ishaq, Yaqub and Al-Asbat, were Jews or
Christians! Say, "Do you know better or does Allah! And who is more unjust than
he who conceals the testimony he has from Allah And Allah is not unaware of
what you do.
141

Later on Allah swt explains what He means by are you more knowledgeable or
Allah because Ibrahim as was way before Judaism and so is Ismail, Ishaaq a.s, the
shariyaa of Moosa as was way later.

Ayah 141:




That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what
they earned, and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they
used to do.
This ayah basically concludes the address Allah has to the Bani Israel essentially
and the conversation he has with them.
The transition is very important here.
First Allah swt was talking to Bani Israel directly YA BANI ISRAEL then He
started stopped talking to them He told the prophet you tell them his; QUL,
QULU, everything became third person because Allah swt is no longer happy
with them.









142

Ayah 142:


The fools (idolators, hypocrites, and Jews) among the people will say: "What
has turned those (Muslims) from their Qiblah (prayer direction (towards
Jerusalem)) to which they used to face in prayer.'' Say (O Muhammad): "To Allah
belong both, east and the west. He guides whom He wills to the straightway.
The Jews are offended and the fact that they are offended is in itself is a proof
that they believe the messenger to be True.
Now the capital of Islam just changed. The favour of Allah just changed.

Ayah 143:



Thus We have made you (true Muslims real believers of Islamic Monotheism,
true followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah, a Wasat (just and the best)
nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be a
witness over you. And We made the Qiblah which you used to face, only to test
143

those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad) from those who would turn on
their heels (i.e., disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy, difficult)
except for those whom Allah guided. And Allah would never make your faith
(prayers) to be lost (i.e., your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah is
full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind.

UMMATAN WASATAN: middle nation
Allah swt says by giving you a new capital (Kaaba), We have made you a middle
nation
INTERSTING FACT ABOUT THIS AYAH!
This Surah has 286 ayahs and in this ayah (ayah no.143 the middle of 286) Allah
swt mentions the middle nation.
WASAT: right in the middle, balanced
Balance between understanding the faith and practicing it, balance between ilm
and Hikmah.
LI TAKUNU SHUHADA: What Bani Israel failed to do is suppose to be the
task of Muslim ummah. And the Messenger (Prophet Mohammad pbuh) will be a
witness against you. (Muslim ummah)
By changing the Qiblah, loyalties of both the groups (Makkans and the Ansaars)
are tested.
Makkans (muhajirooon) have loyalty to worship towards Kaaba.
Ansaars (Jews and Christians) have loyalty to towards Al-Aqsa.
By moving to madeena, the loyalties of Makkans are tested.
By changing the Qiblah, the loyalties of Ansaars are tested.
Allah swt tested everybodys loyalty by one decision.
KABEERAH: Truly a big deal
Point being here is whether pray toward Kaaba or towards Al-Aqsa, You are
praying towards Allah. Thats the bigger picture. You cant lose sight of that. You
have to keep the attitude of Ibrahim a.s.
RAOOF: Truly compassionate.
144



Ayah 144:

Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's) face towards the
heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please
you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Makkah). And
wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction.
FA: Therefore
LI: We swear to it, really I am telling it to you.
NUWALLIYANNNA: We are turning, We are turning, We are turning
Nuwalli: We are turning
Nuwalliyan: We are truly turning
Nuwalliyanna: really, really, really turning
FALANUWALLIYANNAKA: I am (Allah swt) turning it for you, you, you I
am telling I am only turning for you.
Allah swt is swearing four times: great emphasis here.
TARDAHA: It makes You (Prophet Mohammad pbuh) happy.
How much love how much courtesy, how much honor Allah swt gives to his
messenger pbuh. SUBHANALLAH!


143

."/012 '131012 4105 *6


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they follow each others Qiblah. If after the knowledge has reached you, were you to
/08802 4$,.3 +#.- =,:.3,: 4$,- "01 @,34#.-8" 5, #A0-6:4 4$, 230-6=0,3:B

(78912 your dlrecLlon of prayers, LhaL even lf you broughL Lo Lhe people all klnds of
mlraculous slgns, Lhan Lhey would sLlll noL be followlng your Clblah or dlrecLlon of prayer.
no one wlll be followlng Lhe Clblah of anoLher and each would be of Lhelr own separaLe
dlsLlncL group. And afLer clear mlraculous proofs have come Lo you, lf you were Lo follow
Lhelr deslres you would be amongsL Lhe wrongdoers
Proof that the Prophet (pbuh) is not the one writing the Quran because ln ayah 143 Allah
swt is saying that and if you follow their desires after knowledge has come to you, then
surely you will be among the wrongdoers. This is proof because the prophet (pbuh) is being
Lold LhaL lf he, lf he were Lo follow Lhelr deslres would also be a wrongdoer. 1hls shows LhaL
the Quran is revelation because he is being reprehended in case he falls short of Lhe
expecLaLlons. Allah swL ls warnlng hlm and saylng LhaL lf Lhls was hls own why would he
reprehend hlmself? Allah swL ls esLabllshlng auLhorlLy on hlm. 1hls shows LhaL afLer all Lhe
love, the master is still the master. Its important to establish thls klnd of balance. ln Lhe
former ayahs Lhe exLreme love of Allah swL was dlsplayed . A communlLy can easlly Lake Lhls
love Loo far as ln Lhe case wlLh lsa (a.s). We have an lnLense love for Lhe messenger buL
QUran keeps the balance between extreme love buL warns hlm LhaL even lf he follows Lhelr
deslres he wlll go asLray.




C#55 the master, is still the master in the end despite all of the love. Its important Lo
esLabllsh LhaL klnd of balance.


146



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:;<=>197<? 52> 50/52 8@ 52> A>;A9> ;B 52> 8;;C - 1hose LhaL were glven Lhe book, Lhey
know it. By it some say that it refers to the qabah, some say the qruan and some say it
refers Lo Lhe messenger and all Lhree are posslble. Allah swL LesLlfled LhaL Lhere ls a group
amonsL Lhem LhaL know Lhe qlblah and LhaL lL ls leglLlmaLe and Lhey know LhaL lL ls from
Lhelr masLer.




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#D7<? =0>E><5719D 52> F0;<? F1@G 1he yahud were knowledgeable people and would clalm
Lo have no record of such knowledge from Lhelr book and clalmed Lo be Lhe scholars who
knew whaL Lhey were Lalklng abouL by clalmlng scholarly poslLlon ln Lhelr communlLles. 1hey
would ofLen call Lhe propheL (pbuh) omml, and clalm LhaL Lhe Clblah ls noL Lhe dlrecLlon Lo
pray. 1hey have no scholarly rlghL Lo say LhaL buL Lhey would use Lhelr credenLlals Lo lnsLlll
doubL lnLo Lhe bellevlng communlLy. 1hls same problem happens sLlll when people holdlng
credenLlals lnsLlll doubL lnLo bellevlng communlLles uslng Lhelr credenLlals. 1he LruLh ls from
your Lord, so do noL fall lnLo doubL.












147



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,+,3"4$.-6B

H70>=57;< 7< I7B>G 1here ls a parLlcular dlrecLlon for every lndlvldual person LhaL he/she Lurns
to in life. This is a figure of speech in the Quran that has universal value and universal
wisdom direction. This is known as bowollyo a dlrecLlon LhaL ls consLanLly Lurned Lowards.
lor some Lhls dlrecLlon mlghL become an aLhleLe so Lhey Lraln for LhaL for LhaL, for oLhers lL
mlghL be Lo purchase a house or Lo eaL or drlnk or Lhlnk. Lveryone sLlcks Lo a dlrecLlon LhaL ls
an ldeal LhaL Lhey are asplrlng Lowards. There is the exception of those that want to chill
and do nothing and have no drive for anything but the Quran speaks of direction that
everyone ls sLrlvlng Lowards Lhelr enLlre llfe.
% J/D97KD E70>=57;< 7< I7B>G 1he dlrecLlon Lowards Lhe Clblah ls esLabllshed so we should
compeLe wlLh good deeds.
$1=7<? 5;F10ED L;;E H>>EDG Musllms sLrlve Lo race and compeLe wlLh each oLher by dolng
good deeds and belleve LhaL Allah swL wlll brlng Lhem all LogeLher and has conLrol over all
affalrs. 1he race ls golng Lo sLop and we wlll all see Lhe progress LhaL we made. 1hls race ls
exempllfled as we are raclng Lowards [annah, some are way ahead, some people are lefL
behlnd, some goL off Lhe road buL wherever you may be, Allah wlll brlng you all back
LogeLher. 1he race wlll sLop, Lhe Llmer ls runnlng and one day lL wlll sLop and you wlll see
how far you goL and Lhe progress you made.







M12#8."# A dlrecLlon LhaL ls consLanLly Lurned Lowards
!8 N$#.3#4 good deeds wlLh pure, slncere lnLenLlons.


148



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M2> %99-%F10>G Allah swL ls saylng LhaL Pe ls noL aL all unaware of whaL everyone ls up Lo.
Some of Lhe munaflqeen Lhlnk LhaL when nobody else ls around Lhey wlll go back Lo praylng
in the other direction and just showing face to the Muslims but they arent really Muslims so
Allah swL says l am noL aL all unaware abouL whaL you are up Lo.


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:1D> N;0O%?17<D5 52> (78912G 1he messenger ls dlrecLed Lo Lurn Lowards Lhe dlrecLlon of Lhe
Clblah and Lhe Musllms are commanded Lo Lurn Lo prayer Lowards Lhe dlrecLlon of Lhe
Clblah so LhaL Lhere ls no case agalnsL Lhem, (l.e Lhe argumenL LhaL Lhe Clblah for Lhe
Musllms keeps on changlng [usL llke Lhe seasons, raLher lL ls a commlLmenL Lowards Lhe
Clblah). Powever, Lhere wlll sLlll be Lhose agalnsL you anyways so do noL fear Lhem and Allah
swL wlll compleLe Pls favor upon Lhem for Lhe dlrecLlon Lowards Lhe Clblah.
P2@ N1=> 52> (78912Q G 1he favor Allah swL ls referrlng Lo ln Lhls ayah ls Lhe cleanlng of Allah
swts house. The Qiblah is not to be filled with idols and this is the focus to remind s that it is
Lo be cleaned. AlLhough Lhe people are ln Madlna Lhey are Lurnlng Lowards Mecca. 1hls ls so
Lhey may be commlLLed Lo guldance wherever Lhey may be.

149




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(78912 1D 4105 ;B L/7E1<=>G Allah swL ls saylng, LhaL [usL as Lhe messenger ls a parL of
recelvlng guldance, Lhe Clblah ls also a parL of Lhe compleLlng Lhe guldance LhaL ls Lo come
Lowards you.
H/1 ;B R80127KG Allah swL ls fulfllllng Lhe dua of lbrahlm ln Lhese words/ln Lhese ayah.
lbrahlm (a.s) asked Lo send a messenger LhaL wlll reclLe onLo you our ayahs, Leach Lhem Lhe
laws, teach them the wisdom and hell purify them. However, the dua ls noL only accepLed
buL also Lhe sequence ls perfecLed. lbrahlm (a.s) only has experlence wlLh good klds. lsmall ls
Lhe only kld wlLh hlm when maklng Lhe dua and he ls already pure. Pe should learn Lhe book,
Lhe wlsdom, and evenLhough he ls pure now, does noL mean LhaL he wlll always sLay pure.
Chlldren llke hlm should be purlfled ln Lhe fuLure as well. Allah swL already knew LhaL Lhe
chlldren ln Lhe fuLure are noL golng Lo be pure as lsmall. 8efore Lhey even learn someLhlng
Lhey wlll need purlflcaLlon Lhemselves. lf Lhey are noL pure and Lhey learn someLhlng Lhan
Lhey are nLo golng Lo beneflL from lL. Wlsdom happens whne you learn someLhlng and Lhan
acL on lL buL lf you are noL pure Lhan Lhey wonL even be lnLeresLed ln learnlng.
4/07B7=157;<G 1hls has Lwo aspecL Lo lL. Cn Lhe one hand lL means Lhe purlflcaLlon of Lhe
hearL. 1haL our hearLs should be purlfled of Lhlng llke [ealousy, greed, lusL, lazlness, lylng,
cheaLlng, cowardlce, nger whlch are dlseases of Lhe hearL. Cboslo, lack of enLerLalnmenL.
1hls ls one form of cleanslng. 1he second klnd ls lnLellecLual cleanslng, such as asklng Lhe
quesLlons, who ls Allah? WhaL ls my purpose ln llfe? ln a socleLy llke ours where we are
consLanLly bombarded wlLh useless lnformaLlon wheLher lL ls on facebook, LwlLLer, Lv,
blllboards, ads ln Lhe radlo, useless news, blogs, caL vldeos, useless commenLs under
youLube vldeos, Lhese are examples of useless lnformaLlon. Cur mlnds have Lo be purlfled Lo
Lhlnk clearly. ?ou cannoL Lhlnk clearly lf your mlnds are cluLLered wlLh useless Lhlngs. 1hls
helps obLaln clarlLy. When you have clarlLy ln Lhe hearL you can learn Lhe flner deLalls of Lhe
law and Lhan flnally wlsdom. And Lhls wlsdom ls someLhlng LhaL Lhe messenger pbuh
teaches that we couldnt have possibly known.

X$#:8# lack of enLerLalnmenL


130



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1-63#4,/18 40 Q,B

N;0?>557<? %9912 DF5G Allah swL ls Lelllng us noL Lo be llke Lhose who forgoL Allah, So Allah
swL made Lhem forgeL Lhelr own selves.
$>K>K8>07<? %9912 DF5G 8y rememberlng Allah swL he are honored ln Lhe sense LhaL Allah
swt will remember us. People that are usually important we remember, but they dont
remember us. 1hey are Loo busy Lo remember you buL you remember Lhem. 8uL,
Who could be more lmporLanL or have more lmporLanL Lhlngs Lo do Allah swL? ?ou
menLlonlng Allah swL ls noL a blg deal, buL Allah swL ls menLlonlng you, LhaL ls a really blg
deal and the fact that Allah swt is mentioning you, shouldnt you be grateful? So be grateful
and dont dare be ungraLeful Lo Allah swL.


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2.4$ 4$, 7#4.,-4 0-,:B

">>C7<? 2>9A 520;/?2 4157><=> 1<E 401@>0G Lhls ls how Lhose who have lman are Lold Lo seek
help. 1hls ls a glfL LhaL was also glven Lo Lhe banl lsrael and now lLs your Lurn. 1hese same
commandmenLs came Lo Lhem buL Lhey made mlsLakes and now Lhls lnvlLaLlon ls belng
glven Lo Lhe umaah ln order Lo fulflll Lhe promlse of belng a wlLness Lo humanlLy and Lhe
message ls golng Lo be a wlLness. Allah swL ls clalmlng LhaL he wlll be wlLh Lhose who have
sabr.






131


Ayah 154: And do not say about those who are slain in the way of Allah, They are dead
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&7D5;0@ '>27<E %@12G alLhough flghLlng has noL happened yeL, Lhe new communlLy LhaL ls
developlng ln Madlna ls belng Lold LhaL Lhey should be ready Lo be kllled ln Lhe paLh of Allah.
The only killing known at this period is that which happened in Mecca and some didnt even
flghL back and were kllled. Madlna has noL seen LhaL so Lhey are belng warned abouL whaL
Lhey are abouL Lo geL Lhemselves lnLo.
"917< 7< 52> A152 ;B %9912G lf someone dles ln Lhe paLh of Allah Lhey are noL dead, buL sLlll
allve. Powever you do noL reallze lL because Lhey have been Laken Lo paradlse lmmedlaLely.


!"#$ &(() !-= :13,8"G K, 2.88 4,:4 "01 2.4$ :0A,4$.-6 0/ /,#3G $1-6,3G 80:: 0/ 2,#84$G 8.+,:
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M>D5 ;B I;DDG Allah swL wlll LesL us wlLh fear or hunger or pollLlcal dlfflculLles and mlllLary
dlfflculLles whlch resulL ln fear as well as economlc dlfflculLles such as hunger as well as loss
of wealLh, loss of manpower by deaLh or by walklng away. Also, you wlll be LesLed wlLh Lhe
loss of frulLs whlch also lncludes chlldren (ln Arablc, lL ls also an expresslon used for
chlldren), as well as Lhe frulLs of your lnvesLmenLs. 8uL, Allah swL congraLulaLes Lhe paLlenL
ones.
&7D5;0@S '1559> ;B M18/CG 1hls ls an early Madlnl surah. AL Lhe end of Lhe [ourney Lhe baLLle
of 1abuk happened and Lhey were sLarlng aL Lhe bellevers and Lhe frulLs are sLarlng aL Lhem
buL Allah swL commands Lhem LhaL no, Lurn Lo 1abuk and LhaL Lhey cannoL plck Lhe frulLs
that have just been ripened. Even though if you dont pick them this week theyll all go bad
but you cant pick them and have to go to Tabuk, an impossible battle. And only the men can
pick them because it requires special technique to pick them so Allah says hell test you with
frulLs.


132


!"#$ &(D) K$0G 2$,- A.:/0341-, :43.9,: 4hem, they say, Indeed, we belong to Allah and
.-=,,= 40 M.A 2, 2.88 3,413-B

&;F '>97>T>0 0>DA;<ED 5; =191K75@G Whenever a calamlLy sLrlkes Lhem, Lhey say Lo
Lhemselves LhaL no doubL, abouL lL, we belong Lo Allah. When a problem happens Lhere ls
always a loss. 8uL Lhe bellever says Lhls because loss ls someLhlng you own/you declare buL
Lhey see Lhemselves as owned by Allah swL so lL ls okay Lo loose Lhese Lhlngs when Lhey
Lhemselves are ownershlp. (Puman belngs Lhemselves overall are ownershlp alLhough Lhey
reallze lL noL). 1hey reallze LhaL only Lo Allah are Lhey Lo be reLurnlng.



!"#$ &(H) E$0:, #3, 4$, 0-,: 0- 2$0A #3, 58,::.-6: /30A 4$,.3 I03= #-= Q,3@"B !-= 4$,"
#3, 4$, 61.=,= 0-,:B

M2> 2;<;0 ;B 52> A157><5 ;<>DG 1he paLlenL ones are honored ln Lhls ayah. 1here are speclal
solowot from Lhelr masLer. An army of angels [usL maklng dua for Lhe people who have sabr.
And Lhose wlll recelve Lhe mercy. And, Lhey are Lhe ones LhaL are commlLLed Lo guldance.
1hose are Lhe people LhaL one should sLrlve Lo become llke, Lhe ones who are commlLLed Lo
guldance.

\1:#.5# means a calamlLy buL especlally a calamlLy LhaL comes from Allah and hlLs exacLly
on Lhe polnL. lL ls klnd of llke a surglcal sLrlke rlghL Lhen and Lhere Lo LhaL person and ln LhaL
way and aL LhaL polnL, (l.e. noL accldenLal)
!:#5# means Lo hlL someone wlLh an arrow, so whenever a preclse calamlLy sLrlkes Lhem,
Lhey say Lo Lhemselves LhaL no doubL we belong Lo Allah (swL). (Lhe bellevers)


U#8#2#4 prayers/saluLaLlons
V8##.9#P$1A a word LhaL ls used ln order Lo polnL far, a dlrecLlon LhaL ls far away, ln Lhe
case of ayah 137 lL ls used Lo Lhe ones LhaL are up there someone you should work to geet
Lo become more llke, Lhls ls Lhe purpose of Lhe dlsLanL polnLer.
Shaera brlngs abouL feellngs LhaL are ofLen assoclaLed wlLh senLlmenLal/emoLlonal places.


133



!"#$ &(J) L-=,,=G 4$, U#/# #-= Q#32#$ #3, :"A508: 0/ !88#$B U0 2$0,,37,3/03A: M#RR 03
]A3#$G 4$,3, .: -0 58#A, 0$ $.A /03 2#89.-6 5,42,,- 4$,AB !-= 2$0,+,3 =0,: 600=
+081-4#3.8"G 4$,- .-=,,=G !88#$ .: !88P!773,@.#4.+,G !88PN-02.-6B

"1B12 1<E J10F1G 1he house of Allah ls Lo be cleansed buL Lhe pagans have cerLaln rlLuals
and muslims dont know which ones are the legitimate ones and which ones are not. The
sahaba have rlLuals buL Lhey have leglLmaLe and llleglLlmaLe however one of Lhe leglLlmaLe
ones are Lhe locaLlon of safah and marwa. Safah and Marwa brlng shaera, glvlng a
senLlmenLal and emoLlonal feellng. 1he splrlL ls Lo remember Lhe sLruggle of Lhe moLher and
Lhe baby.
&7D5;0@G lL ls dlfflculL Lo make ha[[ when Lhls commandmenL ls made because lL ls belng
conLrolled by Lhe polyLhelsLs buL Allah swL ls saylng when you make ha[[ Lo Lhls place Lhere ls
no harm on LhaL person and LhaL Lhey should make towof beLween saffah and marwah. 1hls
means LhaL flghLlng ls a loglcal consequence for whoever does exLra good deeds. 1han Allah
swL wlll be graLeful.
%9912 7D 52> %99 %AA0>=7157T> 1hls ayah says Allah swL wlll be graLeful buL Lhls should be
embarrasslng for a bellever and shake Lhe consclence. (l.e a moLher says Lo Lhe chlld Lo call
at least once a day such as the case son, call me once a day at least, I will be grateful
where Lhe genulne response should be embarrassmenL because lL ls a responslblllLy LhaL we
are fulfllllng and LhaL we have Lo fulflll).







Q1:$3.900- polyLhelsLs
E#2#/ - golng back and forLh such as Lhe case wlLh saffah and marwah.


134



!"#$ &(O) L-=,,=G 4$0:, 2$0 @0-@,#8 4$, @8,#3 7300/: K, 3,+,#8,=G #-= 4$, X1.=#-@,G
#/4,3 K, A#=, .4 @8,#3 /03 4$, 7,078, .- 4$, F009 4$," #3, @13:,= 5" !88#$ #-= @13:,= 5"
4$0:, 2$0 @13:,B

&7E7<? 52> :9>10 40;;BDG 1hose who hld Lhe clear proofs and guldance even Lhough lL was
made clear for Lhe people ln Lhe book, Lhose are Lhe people Allah curses. An example ls Lhe
!ews LhaL hld Lhe messenger and slgns, even afLer lL has been made clear Lo Lhe people, (llke
the Quran). In fact, lL ls Lhe responslblllLy for Lhose who are wlLnesses agalnsL Lhe people Lo
show lL. 1hose who fall Lo show Lhe clear proofs, Allah curses Lhem, Lhe angels are deslgned
to curse the people that hide Allahs book and you can be one or the other, there is no ln
beLween.



!"#$ &DS) *T@,74 4$0:, 2$0 3,7,-4 #-= 3,/03A 4$,A:,8+,: #-= 07,-8" =,@8#3,G 4$,- /30A
4$0:, L 2.88 #@@,74 3,7,-4#-@, #-= L #A 4$, !@@,7403 0/ C,7,-4#-@,G 4$, Q0:4 Q,3@./18B

:9107B@7<? 52> ';;CG Allah swts curse is not on those who repented from hldlng Lhe book
and correcLed Lhelr behavlor. Clarlfylng Lhe book ls someLhlng LhaL elLher you are dolng lL, or
noL. lf we are noL clarlfylng, Lhan we are hldlng. 1hese ayah are moLlvaLlng us Lo conLlnue Lo
make an effort to clarify the Quran and as an umaah, lL ls a responslblllLy for us Lo spread.
Dont lose sight of the fact that this is Allahs words. Than those are the people whose
repenLance ls golng Lo be accepLed. Allah swL conLlnuously accepLs repenLance.



U/B0 kufr means dlsbellef whoever lL ls lmporLanL Lo noLe LhaL Lhe Quran is always
contextual. In ayah 161, kufr is being associated with those how didnt repent from hiding the
clear ayahs and how Lhey didnt make tawbah.


133



!"#$ &D&) L-=,,=G 4$0:, 2$0 =.:5,8.,+, #-= =., #: =.:5,8.,+,3:G 170- 4$,A .: 4$, @13:, 0/
!88#$G 4$, !-6,8: #-= 4$, A#-9.-= #88 406,4$,3B

M2> =/0D> ;B 27E7<? 52> 1@12G 1hose who dld noL make towbob from hldlng Lhe clear proofs
and ayahs of Allah swL have upon Lhem Lhe curse of dlsbellef. Whlle Lhey were allve Lhls
curse was ln
verbal form, and lL was Lemporary (unless Lhey make Lawbah). 8uL lf Lhey dled ln LhaL sLaLe,
lL ls a noun, upon Lhem ls Lhe curse of Allah, Lhe angels and manklnd alLogeLher and Lhe
messenger wlll also LesLlfy agalnsL Lhem. 1hls lncludes Lhe knowledgeable Musllms LhaL
never Lold anyone anyLhlng abouL lslam whlle Lhey knew of lL Lhemselves.

P215 &1AA><D 5; 52> RD91<E>0D /A;< F2;K RD91K <>T>0 0>1=2>EQ G 1hls ls a quesLlon many
Musllms ofLen ask. Whoever afLer hearlng Lhese ayahs we reallze LhaL Lhe concern ls now on
us that if we dont do our job of delivering the message, what is going to be happening to
us? We are suppose Lo be ambassadors of Lhe deen and hold Lhe responslblllLy Lo dellver Lo
all of humanlLy Lhe message. We have a purpose and a very lmporLanL and heavy role Lo
play.




!"#$ &DY) E$," 2.88 #5.=, .- .4 /03,+,3B E$, 71-.:$A,-4 2.88 -04 5, 8.6$4,-,= /03 4$,AG -03
2.88 4$," 5, 3,73.,+,=B

4><195@G Lhe punlshmenL for hldlng Lhe ayah wlll noL be Laken off aL all lf Lhe person dles ln a
sLaLe of Lhls form of dlsbellef. CLhers mlghL have Lhelr punlshmenL Laken off for oLher deeds,
buL for Lhls, lL ls almosL a crlme where Lhe lndlvldual now musL face Lhe full consequences of
Lhelr acLlons.






136

!"#$ &DZ) !-= "013 X0= .: 0-, X0=) 4$,3, .: -0 60= ,T@,74 M.AG E$, Q0:4 X3#@.01:G 4$,
Q0:4 Q,3@./18B
M2> J;D5 J>0=7B/9 V 4/<7D27<?QG Allah swL ls Lhe one worLhy of worshlp and obedlence and
no one else ls worLhy of worshlp and obedlence excepL Pe, Lhe unlmaglnably merclful. 1hls
ayah ls menLloned rlghL afLer Lhe punlshmenL because Pls mercy ls supposed Lo be dellvered
Lo all of humanlLy Lhrough Pls guldance buL lf Lhe umaah becomes Lhe reason for whlch Lhe
mercy never got delivered, isnt that a crime? The ultimate mercy of Allah is the Quran but
when lL ls kepL from humanlLy Lhan who ls Lo blame? Why noL Lhls severe punlshmenL?
eople have Lhe rlghL Lo know who Allah swL ls.


!"#$ &D') L-=,,=G .- 4$, @3,#4.0- 0/ 4$, $,#+,-: #-= 4$, ,#34$ #-= 4$, #84,3-#4.0- 0/ 4$,
-.6$4 #-= 4$, =#"G #-= 4$, :$.7: 2$.@$ :#.8 .- 4$, :,# 2.4$ 4$#4 2$.@$ 5,-,/.4: 7,078,G #-=
2$#4 !88#$ $#: :,-4 =02- /30A 4$, :9" 0/ 3#.-G 6.+.-6 8./, 4$,3,5" 40 4$, ,#34$ #/4,3 .4:
=,#4$G #-= =.:7,3:.-6 4$,3,.- 0/ #88 9.-=: 0/ A0+.-6 @3,#413,: #-= =.3,@4.-6 4$, 2.-=: #-=
4$, @801=: @0-43088,= 5,42,,- 4$, :9" #-= 4$, ,#34$G :13,8" #3, :.6-: /03 7,078, 2$0 1:,
4$,.3 .-4,88,@4B
P215 7B @;/ <>T>0 =1K> 7<5; =;<51=5 F752 52> ';;CQ lor Lhose LhaL hold Lhe argumenL LhaL
Lhey were never able Lo come lnLo conLacL wlLh Lhe book, Allah swL ls Lelllng Lhem LhaL Lhere
are other ayahs as well. If revelation didnt come to you there are ayahs all around you.
1here ls a swlLch from Lhe ayah of revelaLlon Lo Lhe ayah of creaLlon. 1here are mlraculous
slgns ln Lhe creaLlon of Lhe skles and Lhe earLh and ln Lhe confllcL beLween Lhe nlghL and Lhe
day, ln Lhe shlps LhaL sall ln Lhe mldsL of Lhe oceans wlLh beneflLs such as Lhe sLocks and
loads LhaL people carry as well as whaLever Allah swL sends down from Lhe sky, Lhere are
also ln LhaL mlraculous slgns of waLer, LhaL he glves llfe Lo Lhe earLh afLer lLs deaLh. 1han, he
dlsLrlbuLes lL on Lhe earLh Lo all manner of creaLures.
1here ls mlraculous slgns ln Lhe changlng of Lhe wlnds, lLs dlrecLlon, sofL/sLrong, hurrlcane
and breezes. Also, ln Lhe clouds LhaL are hanglng beLween Lhe skles and Lhe earLh.
M2> #D> ;B 52> R<5>99>=5G lepowmlo yopllooo. 1hese mlraculous slgns are supposed Lo make
a person reflecL and Lhlnk deeply. 1he sky, lLs order and harmony, Lhe sun and moon
scheduled and always on Llme LhaL are very dlsclpllned. ?ou can Lell by Lhe manufacLurer by
137

Lhelr klnd of deslgn and you can Lell LhaL Allah swL loves order, balance and dlsclpllne and
LhaL he loves beauLy. ?ou can Lell by Lhe way he creaLes oceans and skles. 1he shlps aL Lhe
ocean, and a beauLlful pearl aL Lhe boLLon of Lhe ocean whlle a Lank ls salllng above lL.
Whose keeplng lL Lhere? WhaL abouL blrds coasLlng? Whose holdlng Lhem ln Lhe alr lf noL Ar
8ahman? Clouds LhaL can desLroy enLlre naLlons? 1hat dont move unless by winds which
carry pollen. All Lhls around us are worklng ln so much harmony. CovernmenL groups
worklng LogeLher can have so much chaos and yeL Lhls agrlculLure deparLmenLs, weaLher
deparLmenL, geologlcal deparLmenL, all worklng ln harmony wlLh each oLher? 1hese are
mlraculous slgns for Lhose who use Lhelr lnLellecL.
R<=1A1=75@ 5; #D> 7<5>99>=5 G Apol also means when you can puL your emoLlons ln check,
when your mlnd ls noL fllled wlLh fllLh, you can Lhlnk abouL real sLuff buL lf lL ls fllled wlLh
fllLh, no maLLer where you are whenever you have an exLra momenL Lo Lhlnk you wonL be
able Lo Lhlnk. lay a game, hum a song and you cannoL have ldle Llme Lo [usL Lhlnk. ([usL
think, sit and reflect). Were supposed to be a people of thought. !usL uslng our lnLellecL ls
[usL a glfL from Allah swL.
WX1KA9> ;B 1< R<5>99>=5/19G Nouman Ali khans friend reflecting on a plant that grew out of a
sidewalk. Quote look around you! Look at that on the floor, there is a crack in the sidewalk
and a plant coming out. He says, you know that is the only thing there that doesnt fit,
everyLhlng ls concreLe, squares, glasses, plasLlc, meLals, Lhls ls Lhe only Lhlng LhaL ls noL
belonglng here, Lhe only Lhlng LhaL cracked lLs way Lhrough Lo geL here. And yeL Lhats the
only Lhlng is natural. Everythign else here is unnatural. That little guy, is us, islam. Its so
weird to everybody but its the only thing thats really suppose to be there. This friends
entire world is shaped by the ayahs of the Quran and he can see through the Quran.
Guidance, beauty, everything is a lesson. Thats why Allah swt made it easy to remember so
you can menLlon of any opporLunlLy you geL.
Why dont people think: Lhe lnLellecL only goes where Lhe hearL Lakes lL. 1hls ls why Lhe nexL
ayah is about the heart. People who dont think, it is because their hearts are in the wrong
place



!"#$ means mlraculous slgns, Lhere are Lwo klnds, ones ln creaLlon and Lhe ones ln
exlsLence.
I,^02A.- "#^.81-# Lhe ad[ecLlve meanlng Lhe one LhaL Lrles Lo apply lLs lnLellecL
!^#8 lotellect, lt also means when you can puL your emoLlons ln check, when your mlnd ls
noL fllled wlLh fllLh, you can Lhlnk abouL real sLuff buL lf lL ls fllled wlLh fllLh


138


!"#$ D() !-= ;",4< #A0-6 A#-9.-= #3, :0A, 2$0 4#9, /03 203:$.7 04$,3: 5,:.=,: !88#$ #:
,^1#8: 40 M.AB E$," 80+, 4$,A #: 4$," :$018= 80+, !88#$B F14 4$0:, 2$0 5,8.,+, #3,
:430-6,3 .- 4$,.3 80+, /03 !88#$B !-= ./ 0-8" 4$0:, 2$0 230-6,= @018= :,, 2$,- 4$," 2.88
:,, 4$, 71-.:$A,-4G 4$#4 #88 702,3 5,80-6: 40 !88#$ #-= !88#$ .: :,+,3, .- 71-.:$A,-4B
I;T7<? ";K>;<> I7C> @;/ D2;/9E 9;T> %9912 YDF5ZG some of manklnd Lake oLher Lhan Allah
swL as compeLlLors and love Lhem (human and non human) as Lhey should love Allah swL.
I;T7<? %9912 DF5G Lhose who belleve are lnLense ln Lhelr love for Allah swL.
P215 7D 9;T>Q) Lo love someLhlng ls Lo conLlnuously Lalk abouL LhaL Lhlng. lL could be sporLs,
games, movles, sLaLs, cars, Lechnology, faslon, cloLhlng and weddlngs. WhaLever we are
obsessed wlLh Lhe mosL has Laken Lhe place of Allah swL. 1hese ldols can be lnfronL or lnslde
of you (someLhlng as hldden as Lhe dark anL on a black sLone of a llghLless nlghL). 1hls ls Lhe
place LhaL Allah swL ls suppose Lo en[oy ln our hearL, everyLhlng else should be loved afLer
and must submit to Allah swts love.
M2> :07K> 7< 52>D> %@12G Lhe wrongdolng ln Lhese ayah are noL showlng enough love Lo
Allah swL. noL showlng LhaL love means you are commlLLlng shlrkh and musL LasLe Lhe mlghL
and Allah swL ls severe ln Pls punlshmenL.








_#51-#$# non human ldols
_1$51-#$1A human and non human ldols of worshlp

139


!"#$ &DD) K$,- 4$0:, 2$0 2,3, /08802,= =.:02- 4$0:, 2$0 /08802,= 4$,AG #-= 4$," 2.88
:,, 4$, 71-.:$A,-4 #-= #88 4$,.3 8.,: 2.88 5, @14 0//B
M0><E D>55>0DG Some [ews wanLed Lo be Musllms buL Lhey LhoughL LhaL by converLlng LhaL lf
Lhey dld Lhey wlll have Lrouble flLLlng ln Lhe LlghL communlLy. 1hls would mean LhaL Lhey
would have Lo say someLhlng unpopular openly and the people of position wouldnt say it.
Slmllarly, even scholars are someLlmes afrald Lo address cerLaln concerns because someone
mlghL be a blg donor and because Lhere are so many Loplcs ln lslam why Lalk abouL Lhe one
LhaL ls golng Lo geL Lhem ln Lrouble. Plghschool klds also ofLen Lry Lo flL ln by followlng
cerLaln Lrends by worshlpplng lcons and belng obsessed. (l.e !usLln 8leber and Panna
MonLana). 1here are physlclan, Lechy and buslness clrcles and each has Lhelr own norms.
1here are marrlage norms and sLandards and Lhls ls someLhlng LhaL happens amongsL Lhe
youLh and elders. eople are aware LhaL lslam ls rlghL buL afrald of whaL frlends, famlly or
coworkers are golng Lo say so Lhey Lry Lo blend ln.
M0><E ">55>0D :/557<? M2>KD>9T>D ;BBG All of Lhe connecLlons wlll be gone and Lhose who are
golng Lo be followed are golng Lo say Lo Lhe followers LhaL lf we had anoLher chance, we
would cuL ourselves off from Lhem.









160

Ayah 167: And those who followed will say If only we had one m03, @$#-@, 40 3,413- 40
4$, 2038= 2, 2018= =.:02- 4$,A #: 4$," =.:02-,= 1:B E$1: !88#$ 2.88 :$02 4$,A 4$,.3
=,,=: #: 3,63,4: /03 4$,AB E$," 2.88 -,+,3 @0A, 014 0/ 4$, `.3,


R<5>0>D57<? :;<=>A5D
Ayah 167: And those who followed would say : If only we had 0-, A03, @$#-@,G 2, 2018=
clear ourselves of them, as they have cleared themselves of us Thus will Allah show them
;4$, /31.4: 0/< 4$,.3 =,,=: #: ;-04$.-6 514< 3,63,4:B \03 2.88 4$,3, 5, # 2#" /03 4$,A 014 0/
4$, `.3,B

N;99;F7<? M0><ED - lL ls okay Lo follow trends as long as it doesnt cross the lines of what is
permlsslble. When lL crosses Lhe llnes of whaL ls permlsslble Lhan you are conLrolled by Lhe
shalLan.










!"#$ &DJ) V "01 7,078,[ *#4 0/ 2$#4 .: 0- ,#34$G 8#2/18 #-= 600=? #-= =0 -04 /08802 4$,
/004:4,7: 0/ 4$, *+.8 V-, /03 $, .: 40 "01 ;,:7,@.#88" /03 "01< #- #+02,= ;07,-< ,-,A"B

M#:#3#4) regreL upon regreL for eLernlLy.

\#: people
E#""#51- comblnes Lwo meanlngs, good and pure.

161



!"#$ &DO) `03 $, @0AA#-=: "01 2$#4 .: ,+.8 #-= :$#A,/18 #-= 4$#4 "01 :$018= :#" 0/
!88#$ 4$#4 0/ 2$.@$ "01 $#+, -0 9-028,=6,

"21751< 51C7<? =;<50;9 Lo cross lnLo Lhe realm of whaL ls noL permlsslble, Lhe shalLan flrsL
sLarLs wlLh woswos by glvlng suggesLlons and lL can go Lo commandlng and galnlng auLhorlLy.
1han Lhe shalLan can command wol fosbo, shameless Lhlngs or os soo. Than hell get you to
say Lhlngs of Allah LhaL are noL from Allah swL LhaL Allah swL never sald. Pe makes you say
abouL Allah swL Lhlngs LhaL you have no knowledge of Lo [usLlfy your own behavlor.












Ayah 170: When it is said to them Follow what Allah has revealed, they say Nay! We
shall follow the ways of our fathers/ What! Even though their fathers were void of
2.:=0A #-= 61.=#-@,a

K#:2#: Lhe evll whlspers of Lhe shalLan.
K#8 /#:$# Lhlngs LhaL do noL have an appeal such as shameless, lewd, vlle behavlor
!: :01 evll and ugly Lhlngs, someLhlng LhaL dlsgusLs you such as poop or ugly Lhlngs such as
backblLlng, curslng, fllLhy acLs done by Lhe was was of shalLan.

162

R?<;01<=> ;B N;99;F7<? lgnorance of followlng ls Lo follow wlLhouL Lhe ues of Lhe lnLellecL.
Such as ol fobl raLher Lhan wojoJo. 1hls ls followlng wlLhouL uslng lnLellecL or raLlonally
Lhlnklng abouL whaL you are dolng.





!"#$ &H&) E$, 7#3#58, 0/ 4$0:, 2$0 3,R,@4 `#.4$ .: #: ./ 0-, 2,3, 40 :$014 8.9, # 60#4 $,3=G
40 4$.-6: 4$#4 8.:4,- 40 -04$.-6 514 @#88: #-= @3.,:) =,#/G =1A5G #-= 58.-=G 4$," #3, +0.= 0/
2.:=0AB
H;;0D ;B L/7E1<=>G :9;D>E Lhe example of Lhose who mlndlessly follow Lhelr ancesLors ls
mlndless, wlLhouL any reason or proof. 1alklng Lo Lhem ls llke Lalklng Lo an anlmal LhaL does
noL hear buLcalls and crles. 1he calls and crles of Lhe shepherd are useless unless Lhe
shepherd uses a sLlck. 1hls example ls glven because no maLLer whaL Lhe ropheL (pbuh)
says, lL has no affecL on Lhese people. ln Lhe end however, sheep end up followlng Lhe
shepherd buL he ls saylng Lhey are even worse off Lhan caLLle, LhaL Lhey canL undersLand and
Lhey are also deal. lor example lf you canL hear anyLhlng on a paLh, and lLs dark, buL lf Lhey
cant hear, they cant speak or ask or call for help, and they are blind, than it means that all
doors of guldance have been closed. 1hey are noL golng Lo undersLand, Lhey [usL follow Lhelr
ancesLors.


!"#$ &HY) V "01 2$0 5,8.,+,[ *#4 0/ 4$, 600= 4$.-6: 4$#4 K, $#+, 730+.=,= /03 "01G #-=
5, 63#4,/18 40 !88#$ ./ .4 .: M.A "01 203:$.7B
W157<? 52> L;;E donL allow Lhe bllnd followlng of LradlLlon Lo overcome Lhe pure Lhlngs
and be graLeful. 1he only reason Lo pursue haram ls you are noL graLeful for whaL pure
Lhlngs you have.
#8 /#$8 a flndlng LhaL does noL requlre lnLellecL.
K#R#=# a human acLlvlLy
!: :01 evll and ugly Lhlngs, someLhlng LhaL dlsgusLs you such as poop or ugly Lhlngs such as
backblLlng, curslng, fllLhy acLs done by Lhe was was of shalLan.

163

H7BB>0><57157<? '>5F>>< &1919 1<E &101K Allah swL makes dlfferenLlaLlng halal and haram
a maLLer of lbadah. Some people do ha[[ and lbada buL eaL and earn haram, Alah swL has
only made a few dlsgusLlng Lhlngs haram.


!"#$ &HZ) M, $#: 0-8" /035.==,- "01 =,#= A,#4G #-= 5800= #-= 4$, /8,:$ 0/ :2.-, #-= 4$#4
0- 2$.@$ #-" 04$,3 -#A, $#: 5,,- .-+09,= 5,:.=,: 4$#4 0/ !88#$B F14 ./ 0-, .: /03@,= 5"
-,@,::.4"G 2.4$014 2.88/18 =.:05,=.,-@,G -03 43#-:63,::.-6 =1, 8.A.4: 4$,- .: $, 61.848,::G
/03 !88#$ .: V/4 `036.+.-6G Q0:4 Q,3@./18B

&7D5;0@ uurlng Lhe Llme perlod Lhere was a llmlLed and shorLage of anlmal supplles and lL ls
noL very accesslble. 1he weaLher Lhere ls dlfflculL and Lhere are llmlLed llqulds and Lhe food
supply would be cuL by half afLer Lhls ayah and Lhey are noL a wealLhy people.
'> ?015>B/9
W157<? &101K ;/5 ;B <>=>DD75@ LaLlng someLhlng botom, a musllm would feel dlrLy lnslde
buL lf Lhey are forced Lo eaL lL, meanlng noL ouL of rebelllon, boqb, such as Lhe case LhaL Lhe
lndlvldual ls abouL Lo dle, Lhan Lhere ls no sln on LhaL person. 8uL Lhls means only enough Lo
survlve and noL maklng excuses Lo eaL more.Allah sswL ls exLremely forglvlng and always
merclful.
P2@ 7D %9912 DF5 <;5 19F1@D N;0?7T7<? @>5 19F1@D K>0=7B/9Q Allah swL ls exLremely and noL
consLanLly forglvlng because Lhan Lhe people would do all klnds of Lhlngs llke Lhe ChrlsLlans



Q#"4# Lhe deceased anlmal
F#6$ rebellion, something done only when youre told not to do it, out of animosity
X$#/13- exLremely forglvlng
U./# consLanL
!: :01 evll and ugly Lhlngs, someLhlng LhaL dlsgusLs you such as poop or ugly Lhlngs such as
backblLlng, curslng, fllLhy acLs done by Lhe was was of shalLan.

164


Ayah 174: Those who conceal Allahs revelations in the Book and purchase for them a
mlsetoble ptoflt, - tbey swollow loto tbemselves ootbloq bot llte, Allob wlll oot oJJtess tbem
oo tbe uoy of kesottectloo, oot potlfy tbem. qtlevoos wlll be tbelt peoolty.
:;<=>197<? 52> 50/52 B;0 1 DK199 A07=> 8anl lsrael, people would ofLen go Lo Lhem for
verdicts and answers but if they give answers the people dont like or want to hear, than
Lhey wlll go someplace else so Lhey would Lell Lhe people lnLerpreLaLlons of Lhe LexL LhaL
people would want to hear for a small price. Often times in Islam we say there is a
difference of opinion when you dont really know who said what. But you cannot play
games wlLh Allah swL. 8ellglon ls empowerlng, no doubL, and a huge responslblllLy and
power buL when lL ls used for sLraLeglc personal advanLage, Lhe only Lhlngs Lhey are puLLlng
ln Lhelr bellles ls flre. Allah swL wlll noL be speaklng Lo Lhem on Lhe day of [udgemenL nor wlll
he be purlfylng Lhem and Lhey wlll have a palnful punlshmenL.




Ayob 175. 1bey ote tbe ooes wbo boy ttot lo ploce of ColJooce ooJ 1otmeot lo ploce of
fotqlveoess. Ab! wbot bolJoess tbey sbow fot tbe llte!

J7D>0189> >X=21<?> - 1hose are Lhe people who sold guldance ln exchange for mlsguldance
and Lhey purchased punlshmenL ln exchange of forglveness.
"10=1DK how amazlngly paLlenL Lhey are agalnsL Lhe flre!

163


Ayob 176. 1belt Joom ls becoose Allob seot Jowo tbe 8ook lo ttotb bot tbose wbo seek
cooses of Jlspote lo tbe 8ook ote lo o scblsm fot ftom tbe potpose.
H7T7D7;<D Allah swL sends down Lhe LruLh and purpose and Lhose who dlsagree had
followed into schisms over and over (including the difference of opinions) mainly due to
personal agendas.










166

Ayob 177. lt ls oot tlqbteoosoess tbot yoo toto yoot foces towotJs ost ot west, bot lt ls
tlqbteoosoess to belleve lo Allob, ooJ tbe lost uoy, ooJ tbe Aoqels, ooJ tbe 8ook, ooJ tbe
Messeoqets, to speoJ of yoot sobstooce, oot of love fot nlm, fot yoot klo, fot otpboos, fot tbe
oeeJy, fot tbe woyfotet, fot tbose wbo osk, ooJ fot tbe toosom of sloves, to be steoJfost lo
ptoyet, ooJ ptoctlce teqolot cbotlty, to folflll tbe coottocts wblcb yoo bove moJe, ooJ to be
fltm ooJ potleot, lo polo (ot soffetloq) ooJ oJvetslty ooJ tbtooqboot oll petloJs of poolc.
5ocb ote tbe people of ttotb, tbose wbo feot Allob.
[<9@ $75/197D57= J/D97KD on Lhe one hand you have musllms who commlL Lo rlLual
prlnclples such as acLs of worshlp/cloLhes, aL Lhe same Llme Lhere ls no conslderaLlon Lo
courLesy, eLhlcs, honesLy, courLesy, falrness, eLhlcs, morallLy. lor example Lhe person ls a
very bad employer and doesnt pay his employees, he takes loans and doesnt pay them
back. MosL musllms are noL rellglous Lo non rellglous musllms and Lhey have Lhe vlew LhaL
Lhey look rellglous buL are really someone else, llke Lhey are only scam arLlsLs or hypocrlLes.
[<9@ W527=19 J/D97KD These people dont pray, or do hajj or fast but follow the moral
eLhlcal deflnlLlon of goodness such as belng nlce, honesL, good nelghbor, good Lax payer.
Allah swts definition of Goodness Allah swL explalns LhaL Lurnlng your face Lowards Lhe
easL or Lhe wesL ls noL all Lhere ls Lo rlghLeousness. 8eal goodness ls maLerlallzed. Coodness
ls Lhe one who belleves ln Allah swL and lL ls manlfesL ln someone who belleves ln Allah swL.
1he flrsL parL of goodness ls bellevlng ln Allah, Lhe lasL day, Lhe angels, Lhe books and Lhe
propheLs. 8evelaLlon ls a message, angels who come Lo Lhe propheL and recorded ln books.
1hese are Lhe Lhree core parLs of our bellef. 1here are Lhree Lhlngs organlzed have Lo do
wlLh goodness and rlghLeousness, Lhe hlghesL reason Lo do good ls for Allah swL buL LhaL ls
noL Lhe only reason Lo do good deeds or for [annah, or noL dolng bad ouL of fear of hellflre.
1he hlghesL reason for dolng good ls Lo make Allah swL happy whlch should be Lhe flrsL drlve
Lo do good deeds alLhough Lhe oLher reasons are also leglLlmaLe. 1he flrsL Lwo are Lhe why
whlch ls Allah and Lhe lasL day, Lhan how, by followlng whaL Allah swL revealed, Lhe klLab
(Quran). Not old books (i.e torah) but this book. A person who materializes goodness will
glve Lhelr wealLh agalnsL Lhelr love of lL, spendlng lL ls hard buL you have Lo flghL your love
and glve Ll Lo Lhe people who are from your closes relaLlons. 1he ones you have Lhe mosL
flghLs wlLh are ofLen also your closesL relaLlons buL you have Lo glve your money Lo Lhe
people you are flghLlng wlLh Lhe mosL. Allah swL made you Lhelr famlly for a reason. (Abu
Lahab was also Lhe uncle of ropheL Muhammad pbuh for a reason). ?ou have Lo glve lL Lo
Lhem flrsL. 1haL ls whaL Allah swL wanLs. 1han Lhe orphans and Lo do good Lo Lhe orphans
you have to be connected to your communities because we cant help someone unless we
know. 8eggers wrapplng Lhemselves around people, lf we are connecLed wlLh our
communlLy we would know hwo Lhese people are or we would know lf Lhere ls a Lraveler,
who Lhe Lraveler ls. Showlng hosplLallLy Lo our guesLs and recognlzlng Lhey are an honor
from Allah swL lnsLead of sendlng relaLlves or frlends Lo nearby hoLels. 1he people who ask
are menLloned ln Lhe end because people ln boundary or modern slavery exlsL. And Lhls
person also esLabllshes salah and zakah. lalLh ls llke a foundaLlon of a bulldlng. llrsL you see
Lhe person ls very glvlng, a good charlLable glvlng, benevolenL glvlng person LhaL ls noL an
accompllshmenL. Cood means Lo go beyond Lhe law. Salah means he prayed, he esLabllshed
lL, Lhelr llfe revolves around Lhe prayer (llke furnlLure has Lo go around plllars) meanlng
167

schedules, appointments. Salah doesnt have to fit everything else has to fit with salah. What
he consumes musL be pure and Lo do lL he has Lo be pure. 1hese people always fulflll Lhelr
words lf and when Lhey geL lnLo a promlse/agreemenL. 1hese are Lhe people of goodness.
AgreemenLs lnclude belng a sLudenL, employlng, [obs, nelghborhoods, your llves and oLher
peoples hands, liscence is an agreement to abide by certain laws. Employers give many jobs
and Lhan waLchlng lslamlc movles ls noL rlghLeousness. 1o fulflll promlses when Lhey geL lnLo
Lhem. 1hese are paLlenL and perslsLenL people ln dlfflculL Llmes and when Llmes become
hard (economically) and in the middle of the battlefield/war, no matter what they dont let
go of Lhelr falLh. 1hose are Lhe ones LhaL are really good. 1hose are Lhe people of goodness,
Lhe people of Laqwa. now goodness ls deflned, you can flL ln[uncLlons properly, and
everyLhlng has lLs place.








Ayob 178. O yoo wbo belleve! 1be low of epoollty ls ptesctlbeJ to yoo lo coses of motJet. tbe
ftee fot tbe ftee, tbe slove fot tbe slove, tbe womoo fot tbe womoo. 8ot lf ooy temlssloo ls
moJe by tbe btotbet of tbe slolo, tbeo qtoot ooy teosoooble JemooJ, ooJ compeosote blm
wltb o booJsome qtotltoJe. 1bls ls o coocessloo ooJ o Metcy ftom yoot lotJ. Aftet tbls
wboevet exceeJs tbe llmlts sboll be lo qtove peoolty.
W3/19 $>5078/57;< ln Lhe case of murder, plsos, Lhe law of equal reLrlbuLlon ls mandaLed.
Lveryone ls personally responslble for Lhelr crlme and Lhey cannoL glve lL Lo someone else. ln
Lhe case of murder, qlsas glves Lhree opLlons. (1) a llfe ls Laken and a llfe has Lo be Laken
from Lhe oLher slde. Meanlng someone ls execuLed, Lhe famlly of a vlcLlm. (2) sue Lhem,
C#:##8#$ revelaLlon


168

blood money, a lawsulL. Someone could have been a provlder, Lhus a flnanclal reLrlbuLlon ls
applled. (3) lorglve Lhe crlmlnal, even lf Lhe courL has a declslon Lhe famlly has Lhls cholce,
Lhe verdlcL ls gullLy buL Lhe senLenclng ls ln Lhe hands of Lhe famlly.
I1F ;B (7D1D TD P>D5>0< I1F lf you LesL anyone wlLhouL Lelllng Lhem LhaL lL ls lslamlc law,
lf someone ls gullLy of murder and he ls lmprlsoned by Lhe sLaLe law where Lhe gullLy verdlcL
ls passed, lf you asked Lhe moLher lf she had Lhe declslon Lo declde lf she should sew hlm,
execuLe hlm or forglve hlm, would she prefer Lhls over whaL ls done now? 1hey would prefer
the shariah law (as long as you dont tell them that is what it is). 8ecause wlLhouL lL Lhere ls
no closure/peace lnslde. 1hls law allows Lhe vlcLlm Lo be freed, Lhey mlghL proLesL buL Lhey
dont agree LhaL lL ls [usLlce whaL Lhey have. Clsas ln reLurn ln a powerful law. Allah swL
doesnt say we should constantly forgive. Than if something was pardoned for him from his
broLher Lhan lL should be followed ln a decenL fashlon. 1he famlly of Lhe vlcLlm can forglve
hlm buL Lhe famlly should declde. lf Lhey ask for money lL should be dellvered ln Lhe besL
posslble way. 1he verdlcL could have been an eye for an eye buL Pe kepL all opLlons open Lo
llghLen Lhe burden and whoever vlolaLes afLer LhaL Lhan he wlll have an excluslvely palnful
LorLure. lor all Lhe bellevers ln qlsas, Lhere ls llfe ln reLrlbuLlon. Clsas ls Lhe flnal opLlon. lf a
socleLy consLanLly forgave Lhe murderers would geL a free pass or lf Lhey were always sued
Lhe wealLhy would become mass murderers. 8uL he says you should Lake lfle someLlmes
because lL proLecL llfe. lL closes Lhe llscence Lo klll and lL preserves llfe.We are usually
supposed Lo forglve buL ln socleLy lL ls good Lo have lL so LhaL you may proLecL yourself ln
socleLy and should exerclse qlsas.
(7D1D 52> I1F ;B W3/19 0>5078/57;<\



Ayob 179. lo tbe low of poollty tbete ls sovloq of llfe to yoo, O yoo meo of ooJetstooJloq,
tbot yoo moy testtolo yootselves.
"1T7<? I7B> 7< (7D1D - lf a socleLy consLanLly forgave Lhe murderers would geL a free pass or lf
Lhey were always sued Lhe wealLhy would become mass murderers. 8uL he says you should
Lake lfle someLlmes because lL proLecL llfe. lL closes Lhe llscence Lo klll and lL preserves
llfe.We are usually supposed Lo forglve buL ln socleLy lL ls good Lo have lL so LhaL you may
proLecL yourself ln socleLy and should exerclse qlsas.


169

Ayob 180. lt ls ptesctlbeJ, wbeo Jeotb opptoocbes ooy of yoo, lf be leove ooy qooJs tbot be
moke o bepoest to poteots ooJ oext of klo occotJloq to teosoooble osoqe, tbls ls Joe ftom
tbose wbo feot Allob.
I>1T7<? L;;E '>27<E ueaLh ls wrlLLen so someLhlng good should be lefL behlnd for
parenLs/close relaLlve wlLh whaL ls known Lo be a decenL expecLaLlon. Powever, before
Lhlnklng wealLh, money, flrsL Lhlnk whaL advlse you are leavlng famlly and whaL Lhlngs
people say before they die are imprinted on the persons minds. Yaqoob a.s. said what re
you going to do/worship after Im gone so leave something good and those who have
Laqwa, leave someLhlng decenL for Lhe people who are lefL.







Ayob 181. lf ooyooe cbooqes tbe bepoest oftet beotloq lt, tbe qollty sboll be oo tbose wbo
moke tbe cbooqe. lot Allob beots ooJ koows oll tbloqs


Ayob 182. 8ot lf ooyooe feots pottlollty ot wtooq Joloq oo tbe pott of tbe testotot, ooJ
mokes peoce betweeo tbe pottles coocetoeJ, tbete l s oo wtooq lo blm, fot Allob ls Oft
lotqlvloq most Metclfol.


170

Ayob 18J. O yoo wbo belleve! lostloq ls ptesctlbeJ to yoo os lt wos ptesctlbeJ to tbose
befote yoo tbot yoo moy leoto self testtolot
4/0A;D> ;B B1D57<? Lo aLLaln Laqwa (belng aware of Allah)
]>F7D2 B1D57<? - ln Lhe early days Lhe [ews fasLed a number of days (maduda, a few days).
1hese were Lhree mlddle days of every monLh buL whoever was slck or amldsL Lravel Lhan
Lhere ls a number from oLher days he/she can make up. 1hose who have Lhe power Lo do so
should feed/compensaLe by feedlng a mlskeen, so Lhere are Lwo opLlons Lo make up a fasL
Lo compensaLe. 8uL lf Lhey dld boLh lL ls beLLer for LhaL person. 8uL lf you fasLed Lo make lL
up lL ls beLLer for you lf you undersLand. 1he purpose was Lo aLLaln Laqwa.
$1K1E1< Lhe purpose of fasLlng durlng 8amadan whlch ls prescrlbed Lo Lhe musllms ls
both taqwa and Quran. It is more thought of as the month in which the quran is revealed
an half an ayah is on how great and magnificent Quran, the revelation is. Whoever
wlLnesses Lhe monLh should fasL ln Lhe monLh. llrsL lL was a few days beLween Lhe monLhs
buL now Allah swL ls saylng whoever wlLnesses lL Lhey should fasL Lhe whole monLh. lL ls
harder buL whoever ls slck, or amldsL a [ourney has Lo make lL up ln oLher days. 8efore you
could pay a mlskeen or make lL up buL Lhls ls harder because Lhere ls only one opLlon now.
1han Allah swL says Pe wanLs ease for you, noL dlfflculLy. We would Lhlnk lL ls harder buL
Allah swL ls saylng he wanLs Lo make lL easy. Pow ls Lhls? 1he purpose of fasLlng was Laqwa
and Laqwa ls hard Lo aLLaln. lf fasLlng makes Laqwa and Laqwa ls whaL wlll glve you guldance,
Lhan Lhe more you fasL, Lhe moer Laqwa, Lhe more Laqwa, Lhe more guldance, Laqwa ls whaL
wlll glve you guldance. 1he more you have Laqwa, Lhe more you wlll have guldance. 1o geL
taqwa you need to fast more to built taqwa and listen to quran in the night you need a
proper way Lo make ease for you. eople who have Laqwa ln guldance have ease guldance ln
Lhls llfea and ln Lhe afLerllfe. Allah swL wanLs ease for you. Allah swL has made Laqwa easler
Lo guldance easler. Pe made Laqwa easler, he made Lhe access Lo guldance easler ln Lhe
monLh of 8amadan, Lhe month of Quran. So that you may complete the count and declare
Lhe greaLness of Allah by how he gulded you. ray Lo how Allah swL gulded you so LhaL you
can hopefully be graLeful LhaL you have recelved guldance. When you recelve guldance, Lhan
you learn Lo ask Allah swL properly.



Ayob 184. lostloq fot o flxeJ oombet of Joys, bot lf ooy of yoo ls lll ot oo o jootoey, tbe
ptesctlbeJ oombet sboolJ be moJe op ftom Joys lotet. lot tbose wbo coo Jo lt wltb
botJsblp, ls o toosom, tbe feeJloq of ooe tbot ls loJlqeot. 8ot be tbot wlll qlve mote of bls
owo ftee wlll, lt ls bettet fot blm. AoJ lt ls bettet fot yoo tbot yoo fost, lf yoo ooly koew.
171




Ayah 185: Ramadhan is the month in which was sent down the Quran as a guide to
mookloJ, olso cleot slqos fot qolJooce ooJ joJqmeot betweeo tlqbt ooJ wtooq. 5o evety ooe
of yoo wbo ls pteseot ot bls bome Jotloq tbt mootb sboolJ speoJ lt lo fostloq bot lf ooy ooe ls
lll ot oo o jootoey, tbe ptesctlbeJ petloJ sboolJ be moJe op by Joys lotet. Allob loteoJs evety
foclllty fot yoo, ne Joes oot woot to pot yoo to Jlfflcoltles. ne woots yoo to complete tbe
ptesctlbeJ petloJ, ooJ to qlotlfy nlm lo tbot ne bos qolJeJ yooo, ooJ petcbooce yoo sboll be
qtotefol.


Ayob 186. wbeo My setvoots osk yoo coocetoloq Me, l om loJeeJ close to tbem. l llsteo to
tbe ptoyet of evety sopplloot wbeo be colls oo Me. let tbem olso, wltb o wlll llsteo to My coll
ooJ belleve lo Me. tbot tbey moy wolk lo tbe tlqbt woy.
:9;D><>DD 5; %9912 we are closesL Lo Allah swL durlng 8amadan. Allah swL ls so lmporLanL.
Most of the time when we call an important person, they dont remember you, you call
them but they dont call you. Allah swt says, call me anytime, I respond to the call of the
caller whenever he calls, day or nlghL, anyLlme. 1han Lhey should aL leasL Lry Lo respond Lo
me. 18?, Allah swL responds compleLely, buL Lhey should Lry Lo respond and belleve so LhaL
Lhey can be seL sLralghL.


172

66+-*^_- *^^ Y F752 1 B9;F7<? 0>T7>F ;B *``-*^6a 7< 52> 8>?7<<7<?Z
8lsmllloblt-tobmoolt-toblm.
lnshaaAllah were continuing and before we pick-up from where we lefL off, Lhere are some Lhlngs
that I thought should be mentioned that I didnt mentioned before, and they also have to do with
Lhe coherence and Lhe flow of ldeas ln Lhe surah. Colng back ayaL 177, we Lalked abouL Lhe
comprehenslve concepL of goodness.

And aL Lhe end of LhaL dlscusslon, when Allah Azzawa[al balanced Lhe concepLs of eLhlcs and Lhe
concepL of syarlah law, abouL us commlLlng ourselves Lo Lhe laws of lslam. AL Lhe end of all LhaL
dlscusslon Allah sald, ulaikaladzina sodaqu, wa ulaika humulmuttaqqun Lhose are Lhe ones who
conflrm Lhe LruLh and Lhose are ones who are people of Laqwa- Lhe same Lerm LhaL ls used ln Lhe
beglnnlng of Lhe surah - Lhls book guldance for people LhaL posses Laqwa., Lhose people who
acLually ln facL proLecL Lhemselves. 1haL ls aL Lhe lndlvldual level. lf you look aL Lhe beglnnlng of Lhls
ayaL lL Lalks abouL lman whlch ls a very lndlvldual concern. 1hen afLer LhaL- Lhe nexL sLage wa atal
A#8# #8## $155.$.G =b#2.8 ^135## 2#8 "#4#A## 2#8 A#:#9.- 2#5-.:#5.8 2#:## .8.- 2#
/.33.^#5BBBBall of whlch are essenLlally lndlvldual concerns, glvlng money agalnsL Lhe love of money,
Lhen afLer we swlLch over agaln wa akamassalah wa attazzakat - salah and zakaL, whlch are some
sense are collecLlve affalrs buL ln Lhe essence of Lhem are lndlvldual responslblllLles, Lhen wal
A1/1-# 5. ahdihim idza ahadu Lhe fulfllllng Lhelr promlses lf Lhey are made and by Lhe way,
Lhere are some expresslons ln Lhe quran, LhaL summarlze Lhe enLlre ueen. And Lhls ls one of Lhe
Lhem essenLlally lslam ls a promlse and agreemenL beLween us and Allah., beLween us and Lhe
messenger, beLween ourselves and Lhe book- so lL ls an exLenslon of all Lhe responslblllLles beLween
us and Lhe rellglon, capLured ln one very comprehenslve sLaLemenL. none Lhe less, movlng along on
Lo wassabirina fil basaa, iwaddarroo i wahinal baasi ln Lhe end, sabar ls a very lndlvldual Lask-
173

you could be sLandlng ln a baLLle fleld wlLh 1000 oLher soldlers buL your sabar ls belng LesLed
lndlvldually, and where you sLand, where your hearL ls, may noL be where Lhe person nexL Lo you,
where his heart is; so the same thing see, actually manifest itself in the battle of Uhud, were going
to read about that in Ali Imran, and were going to read about that some more in suratul Ahzab,
eventually when we get there, how there are people in Madinah, theyre physically next to each
oLher buL Lhelr hearLs are ln dlfferenL places, so Lhelr level of sabar ls ln dlfferenL places. Anyhow,
overall Lhls concepL of goodness and sabar and flnally aLLalnlng Laqwa- Lhls ls an lndlvldual maLLer.
8uL Lhe Laqwa of an lndlvldual agaln l remlnd you LhaL Laqwa ls noL Lhe same as goodness- Laqwa ls
Lhe acL of proLecLlng oneself- LhaL efforL for Lhe lndlvldual ls dlfferenL, and LhaL same efforL for
socleLy ls dlfferenL. 1he way socleLy proLecLs lLself, preserves lLs peace, preserves lLs harmony ls
someLhlng else. 1he way Lhe lndlvldual preserves lLs harmony ls someLhlng else AyaLul 8lrr ls abouL
Lhe lndlvldual preservlng Lhelr harmony, Lhe lndlvldual proLecLlng Lhemselves from Lhe wraLh and
dlspleasure of Allah. 8uL Lhen Allah qulckly swlLches over, because Lhls ueen ls consLanLly abouL Lhe
balance of Lhe lndlvldual and Lhe collecLlve- he goes Lo Lhe furLhesL exLreme of Lhe collecLlve and
socleLy alLogeLher- and ln Lhe socleLy, Lhe worsL Lhlng LhaL can creaLe chaos ls murder. So Allah
Azzawa[al addresses LhaL whlch can desLroy soclal harmony nexL Lhe flrsL Lhlng was are Lhe clLlzens
lf Lhe citizens are good, you wont have to that kind of precaution, if the citizens were people of
Birr, but immediately Allah talks about #8^.:#: /.8 ^#48.. (ln ayaL 178< whaL sorL of people would
engage ln murder anyway- people wlLh no good ln Lhem, especlally Lhe klnd of murder LhaL ls belng
Lalked abouL here- un[usLlflable murder, noL [usL kllllng ln Lhe baLLlefleld or ln due process of [usLlce,
and Lhen aL Lhe of LhaL conversaLlon, ... Allah dedlcaLed 2 ayaLs Lo LhaL.. Allah once agaln says, wa
8#91A /.lqisasi hayatun ya ulil albabi laallakum tattaquun and qlsas also ln Laklng vengeance for
murders Lhere ls also llfe for you so LhaL you can have Laqwa- here you can have Laqwa as a socleLy,
you can proLecL yourself as a socleLy, lf you lmplemenL a law of qlsas. l menLloned before LhaL aL Lhe
lndlvldual level, lL ls acLually preferred for us Lo forglve- Allah encourages us Lo forglve aL Lhe
lndlvldual level, buL aL Lhe socleLal level, lf Lhe socleLy becomes all Loo forglvlng, Lhen crlmlnals geL a
free pass and it can create chaos in society that society cant protect itself from criminal behaviour,
so this taqwa is at the collective level, wa lakum filqisasi hayatun ya ulil albabi laallakum
tattaquun; SSYP&HO<B
now Allah ls Laklng Lhls conversaLlon from Lhe lndlvldual Lo Lhe furLhesL exLenL of Lhe collecLlve. 8uL
Lhere ls a level ln beLween. ln soclology perspecLlve theres communal, theres individual and in
between theres familial relations. When we talk about community, thats a larger collection of
humanlLy- the children of Adam alaihissalam is the biggest collective. But before that theres the
family, thats the immediate connection human beings share with each other. And within that
connecLlon whaL can dlsrupL harmony ls deaLh. lnLeresLlngly, Lhe LranslLlon ls someone goL kllled
obvlously- Lhey dled and you have Lo deal wlLh Lhe lnherlLance, and loglcally Lhe nexL Lhlng
menLloned also ls lnherlLance law. 8uL ln addlLlon Lo LhaL, one of Lhe worsL Lhlngs LhaL can dlsrupL
Lhe harmony of Lhe famlly ls Lhe deaLh of someone holdlng Lhe famlly LogeLher. lor example, slbllngs
keep in touch with each other when the mothers still around. When the mother passes away the
famlly drlfLs aparL. Cr Lhe faLher was holdlng everyone LogeLher, buL when Lhe faLher dles everyone
geLs lnLo Lhe flghL over who geLs whaL, and everyone hlres Lhelr own lawyer and Lhlngs geL ugly.
lnherlLance can really creaLe dlsrupLlon and dlspuLes ln a socleLy where oLherwlse Lhere was
harmony. So Lhe nexL lLem underneaLh LhaL (deaLh) ls famlllal dlsrupLlon, and Lhe worsL case
scenario of that is inheritance and when theres injustice in inheritance.
174

llnally we come back Lo Lhe lndlvldual, lL Look us on Lhls long [ourney- collecLlve, Lhen seml collecLlve
(family) and now were back with Lhe lndlvldual. WhaL ls Lhe maLLer wlLh Lhe lndlvldual? Well, Lhe
ayaL before, when Lhls conversaLlon began, goodness ls aLLalned by Lhose who have Laqwa. Pow can
you start your journey to on the road to getting taqwa. .9144.5# #8#.91A1::.#AG 9#A# 914.5#
alalladzina min qablikum, la allakum tattaqun;SSYP&JZ<. 8y Lhe way, even ln lnherlLance law Allah
says $#990- #8#8 A144#4.^,,-(SSYP&JS) Lhls wlll Lhe rlghL on Lhose who have Laqwa so Lhe
conversaLlon on Laqwa never wenL. lL sLayed. 1he flrsL dlscusslon was abouL Laqwa, of belng
consclous of Allah aL Lhe lndlvldual level, Lhen aL Lhe collecLlve level, Lhe famlly level and Lhen back
agaln aL Lhe lndlvldual level on Lhe form of Lhe dlscusslon on fasLlng.
Were still on the discussion of fasting but I wanL Lo make a menLlon of someLhlng very, very
important. The word saum was used- slam. 1here are oLher words used ln Arablc for fasLlng, whlch
later on, InsyaAllahu Taala went we get to those ayahs, we will see. But this word in particular was
used by Lhe Arabs before lslam for a very lnLeresLlng purpose. lL was used when Lhey Lraln Lhelr
horse to go into battle. Thats when saum was used. The camel is created for desert environment, it
can survive a long time with a little bit of water, its got reservoirs inside it. Horses arent built like
that, and of course you cant take the camel into the battlefield, it is not as strategically
advantageous, because its slow, in attack and retreat, so the horses are preferred, but the problem
wlLh horses ls LhaL they dont last in the heat, and get dehydrated. So the Arabs had a way of training
Lhe horses Lo survlve Lhe heaL, and Lhey used Lo call LhaL saum. So Lhe flrsL Lhlng LhaL crosses Lhe
mlnd when Lhe old Arablc llsLener, when Lhey hear Lhe word saum ls geLLlng ready for baLLle, noL
getting themselves ready for battle, but their horses. So when Allah says, I have mandated fasting -
saum upon you. The first thought that crosses the mind of the listener is that, wait, now Im the
horse, Im the slave, the owned properLy, llke Lhe horse ls Lhe owned properLy- LhaL ls under my
command when it goes into battle. Now Im going to be under Allahs command when I go into
baLLle, l need Lralnlng Loo- and Lhls ls saum also, whlch ls lnLeresLlng because Lhls ayaL were
precursors Lo Lhe baLLle of 8adr. So Lhe bellevers were acLually belng menLally prepared for baLLle-
for Lough Llmes, Lhough Lhe ayah of fasLlng. ln addlLlon, all Lhe beneflLs and blesslngs of fasLlng are
Lled Lo a larger mlsslon ln Lhe llfe of Lhe ropheL saw.
66+-*^_
now we plcklng up from where we lefL off, (ayaL 186)

When my slave asks you abouL me, idza which means when it comes with the past tense still
means fuLure Lense. 1haL ls an lmporLanL conslderaLlon ln Arablc. Idz and .=b# boLh means when
173

but .=b necessarily pushes the meaning to the past and idza regardless of whaL Lense comes afLer
lL pushes Lhe meanlng Lo fuLure.
lor example, when we say, When I went there, we use Lhe word when buL you are referrlng Lo Lhe
pasL. 8uL when we say when I go there were saying the same wbeo same word, spelled the same
way buL lLs referrlng Lo Lhe fuLure. So when lLs referrlng Lo Lhe fuLure Lhe word idza ls used.
K# .=b# :# #8#9# .5##=. #--.G /# .--. ^#3.5B -so wbeo my sloves osk yoo oboot me, fot sote l om
oeot- and Lhls ls lmporLanL, noL [usL ln Lhe maLLer of doa, LhaL when we make doa, LhaL Allah ls near.
8uL Lhe slaves ask abouL Allah all Lhe Llme, abouL all klnds of Lhlngs, and Lhe flrsL Lhlng Allah Lells ln
response is, Im near. The slave didnt ask, where is Allah, is He far or near?, aina? He didnt say
aina ana. Pe [usL sald anni, he [usL sald ask anyLhlng abouL me, Lhey ask all klnds of quesLlons
abouL me, whaL does Allah wanL, whaL does he wanL us Lo do, whaL ls halal, what is haram, whats
the best deeds we can do and the comprehensive response to all those questions is, Allah is
definitely near, tell them that Im definitely close. Why? Because that is the one thing a believer
wlll need, Lo hold on Lo LhaL lesson LhaL Allah has been Leachlng ln Lhe prevlous ayah, and LhaL lesson
ls Laqwa.
So before we go on lets understand that through the means of a very simple example. If youre
abouL Lo do someLhlng wrong, even aL Lhe mlnuLesL scale, llke do someLhlng obnoxlous Lo your
friend, youre about to say something dumb, and somebody says hey, ustaz can hear you, hes is
over here, hes right behind the door. What would happen to you immediately? You would stop. It
happens wlLh Lhe employers, when you so much Lhlnk LhaL hls shadow walks by and you would
change Lhe dlsplayed screen on Lhe compuLer, go back Lo Lhe safe wlndow. 1hls ls a form of Laqwa
knowlng LhaL Lhe auLhorlLy ls near. lf you Lhlnk Lhe auLhorlLy ls far, llke Lhe boss ls ln a meeLlng, or
ouL of Lown, then what happen? Free reign :-
Allah says abouL hlmself, Lhe Lhlng LhaL wlll make you remember and lmplemenL Laqwa ls consLanLly
that no doubt about it that Allah is near. `# .--. ^#3.5 Cn one hand LhaL makes us afrald of Allah,
buL also ln anoLher, Plm belng close ls an opporLunlLy, because when soemoen ls close you are ln a
beLer poslLlon Lo Lalk Lo Lhem so Allah changes Lhe flrsL slLuaLlon of belng scary, Lo someLhlng of an
opporLunlLy, Pe says, ujibu dawata da, i idza daan P l tespooJ, and #R#5#G 1R.5u ln Arablc
from if al means Lo respond lmmedlaLely lf ooJ wbeo be colls me. `#8 "#: 4#R.51 8., then they
should Lry Lo respond Lo me, Lhen Lhey should make and aLLempL Lo answer my demands, wal
yukminu bi- Lhey should also belleve ln me la allahum yar shudun and here Lhey should belleve ln
me also lmplles Lhey should LrusL me, ln oLher words when Lhey make doa, Lhey should acLually
belleve LhaL l am llsLenlng, So LhaL Lhey may be seL sLralghL.
66+- *^`
now Lhe Ahkam of fasLlng conLlnues. 8efore us (lslam), Lhe !ews, Lhe followers of Musa AS were also
given fasting but their rulings were slightly different. Now, we dont know if thats a ruling originally
form Musa AS or lf lL ls Lhelr own form lf lL LhaL Lhey had alLered, buL Lhe esLabllshed pracLlce aL Lhe
Llme was, fasLlng for Lhem began aL nlghL Llme, aL Maghrlb and lL wenL Lhe enLlre nlghL unLll Lhe nexL
day. 8aslcally lL was one meal and Lhen 24 hours almosL LhaL you are ln Lhe sLaLe of fasLlng. And ln
LhaL sLaLe you couldnt have any relations wlLh your wlves, lnLlmacy was haram LhroughouL Lhe nlghL
176

eLc.. Allah made our fasLlng dlsLlncL- noL ln [usL Lhe days LhaL we fasL, buL also ln Lhe form and also
some of Lhe laws LhaL perLaln Lo fasLlng.



Pe says, 1$.88#8#91A 8#.8#4#::."#AP lL has been made halal for you durlng Lhe nlghLs of Lhe fasL, #3
rafathu (this is the la ilbul failP a.-4.A#@"< .8# -.:## .91AB M1--# 8.5#:18#91AG 2#
#-41A8.5#:1$1--#(002P&JH<- Lhls ls anoLher very comprehenslve flgure of speech ln Lhe Curan, Lhe
expresslon of LhaL ls very beauLlful, LhaL descrlbes Lhe essence of marrlage. Pe says, Lhose women
(your wlves) are garmenL for you, Lhey are Lhe cloLhlng, ouLflL for you, as you are Lhe coverlng/
garmenL/ cloLhlng for Lhem. lL means essenLlally LhaL whaL makes you presenLable Lo Lhe ouLslde
world ls your spouse- Lhey become a parL of Lhem and you become a parL of Lhem. And slmllar
English expression would be my other half, or better half . The idea is that is becoming an integral
parL of you. 1he oLher Lhlng ls LhaL cloLhlng ls beauLlfles you. So Lhe ldea ls LhaL you spouse ls
suppose to make you a better person, beautify your personality, and its supposed to protect you.
roLecLs you from Lhe elemenLs and weaLher [usL llke a healLhy marrlage proLecLs you from flLnah,
from ouLslde LempLaLlons, puLs you aL peace- from all klnds of problems. Someone has also
interpreted the phrase to mean that Allah has made the intimacy in the night halal for you. Thats
also Lhe klnayah ln Lhe language.
!8.A#88#$1 #--#91A 91-41A 4#$4#-1-# #-/1:#91A P /#4#5# #8#.91A 2# #/# #-91A(187) some
Lhe sahabah new Musllms, who were !ews and ChrlsLlans before, and ln Lhelr LradlLlon fasLlng wenL
lnLo Lhe enLlre nlghL, and unLll Lhe ayah came down Lhey flgured, our fasLlng musL be Lhe same as
the fasting of the past, so were not supposed to be close to our wives in the evening. But knowing
that theyre not supposed to be, even though Allah didnt make that haram but they thought it was
177

haram, Lhey sLlll wenL ahead and had relaLlons wlLh Lhelr wlves. So Allah already knew LhaL you were
cheaLlng yourselves. - -in the privacy of your homes, I know what you were doing, /#4#5# #8#.91A
then he let it go, he accepted your taubah. The question arises, actually it wasnt even a sln, because
Allah says LhaL lLs halal so why should lL be consldered someLhlng LhaL Lhey make Laubah for lL and
Allah should accepL Lhelr Laubah. 1hey should make Laubah for lL because Lo Lhe besL of Lhelr
knowledge, they shouldnt have done it. To the besL of Lhelr knowledge Lhey were cheaLlng. And
Allah judges not just what we do but whats in our hearts, and in their heart of hearts they were
actually cheating, they werent playing fair, they were circumventing the law, so Allah says that in
lLself requlred a Laubah, /#4#5# #8#.91A 2# #/# #-91A . And not only did he turn back to you in
reprencence and make repenLence accepLable for you buL Pe also pardoned you lovlngly. affu ls a
loving kind of pardon, dont worry about it, its not a big deal, well start a new slate /#8 #-#
bashiru la hunna now you can enjoy your company, bashara yu bashiru Lo have lnLlmacy wlLh
Lhe wlfe. `#8 ##-#5#:$.31$1-# 2#54#6$1 A# 9#4#5#888#$18#91A, so pursue whaL Allah has wrlLLen
for you (ln oLher words Allah has made halal for you). Theres 9#4#5#88#$1 #8#.91A #-= 9#4#5#88#$1
8#91AP c9#4#5#88#$1 #8#.91A whaL Allah made mandaLory upon you, c N#4#5#88#$1 8#91ABB whaL
Allah has wrlLLen for you, meanlng Allah made lL law LhaL Lhls be permlsslble for you, so pursue form
that, theres no more harm from it any more. The somebody might say, tries to get more spiritual
than the injunctions for Allahs book and the sunnah of the messenger of Allah saw - Ramadhan is
such a splrlLual monLh and LhaL Lhls ls such a worldly Lhing to do. No, its not like that; Allah
Azzawa[al keeps Lhe balance beLween ueen and dunya. So he says, wab taghuma kataballahu
lakum, wa kulu washrabu.. and eat and drink.. dont be like ?Solzai?? that you dont even eat iftar
No for the sake of Allah. I will not even eat iftar or Im gonna keep it really-really llghL so LhaL l
feel the extra hunger and pain. Alhamdulillah, most of us are not like that.
1he orlglnal sahabah were so zealous, LhaL Lhey would go overboard, so Allah had Lo Lell Lhem Lo
take it easy. 9181 2#:$3051G $#44# "#4#5#."#-# 8#91A189$#.418 #5"#=$1 A.-#8 9$#.4.8G #:2#=.
minal fajri unLll Lhe whlLe llne from Lhe black llne becomes clear Lo you ln mornlng, ln oLher words
Lhe horlzon becomes clear, meanlng Lhe fa[r Llme ls clearly ln, so you need Lo sLop eaLlng thumma
atimmussiam ilal lail Lhen conLlnue Lhe fasLlng unLll Lhe nlghL. 1hls of course Lhe ahlul sunnah we
undersLand LhaL Lo mean maghrlb, and for Lhe shlah Lhls ls laLer on ln Lhe nlghL.
wala tubashiruna wa antum akifunna fil masajidi and do not engage with intimacy with them
(wlLh Lhe women) whlle you are ln lkLlkaf ln Lhe masa[ld. So ln Lhe evenlngs Lhere are cerLaln Lhlngs
that have been made halal for you except if youre in iktikaf then it is haram. tilka hududullahi
Lhose are Lhe llmlLaLlons prescrlbed by Allah, fala takrobuha then dont you come near them.
kadzalika yubaiyinullahu aayatihi linnasi laallahum yattakuun. 1haL ls how Allah clarlfles hls
miraculous signs for people. Allah didnt say lilladzl na amanu, he sald llnnasl, even Lhough he began
the with "# #."1$#8#=b.-# #A#-1 914.5# #8#.91AA1::.#A lL was abouL aladzlna aamanu, buL ln
Lhe end Allah says kadzalika yubaiyinullahu aayatihi linnasi Lhls how Allah clarlfles hls ayaL for all
people, ln oLher words, people of Lhe book should be llsLenlng- this is how youre supposed to fast
so LhaL laallahum yattakuun hopefully, maybe, so LhaL Lhey can become people of Laqwa also,
Lhey can become cauLlous and proLecLlve of Lhemselves from dlsappolnLlng Allah as well.

__________________________________________________________________________________
178

66+-*^^
1he nexL ayaL (188) seems llke a deparLure from Lhe sub[ecL,

uo noL eaL you monles for falsehood, do noL con each oLher, scam each oLher, cheaL, sLeal from each
other, short change each other, dont do that. All of the sudden, between fasting, Allah starts talking
abouL buslness pracLlces and [usLlce ln buslness pracLlces. Pow come? 8ecause Lhls ls Lhe flrsL and
lmmedlaLe llLmus LesL of Laqwa. lf you really have Laqwa or you have really galned Laqwa ln
ramadhan, where should lL manlfesL? ln how you deal wlLh people. 1aqwa ls easy when you are
inside the masjid. What are you gonna do? Pray. Taqwa is tested when youre away from the
remembrance of Allah, when youre dealing with people and when temptation is in front of you.
Theres no temptation when youre sitting in iktikaf- youre in an environment where youre not
LempLed. 1he LempLaLlon wlll come Lo you when Lhe cash ls rlghL Lhere ln your cashier and theres an
opporLunlLy for you Lo slde some of lL, and Lhe boss wlll never know and Lhe securlLy camera ls noL
working right now. Itll be there when you have the opportunity to go late to work because the
manager ls away somewhere, so you can go ln laLer and somebody else ls punchlng for you. ?our
friend will hook you up one day and youll hook him up another day. These kinds of things.. thats
where Laqwa ls LesLed. wa la takkullu amwa lakum bainakum bi85atil this also means dont over
prlce Lhlngs. When someone comes Lo you for an esLlmaLe youre a painter, or carpenter, or
mechanic; and business has been kind of low, and you say, Ill give you a great price lLs supposed Lo
cost 300, you say 3000, because you know the guy doesnt know any beLLer, you can [usL scam hlm
for it. And hes desperate too, so can make a little extra money out of it. Dont do that. And then He
goes further, its amazing that Allah talks about this and says, dont be a corrupt lobby, basically.
wa 8# 41=81-#biha ilalhukkam. d#821- means buckeL. Adla, udli means Lo lower a buckeL. 1hls
ls used ln surah yusuf also fa adla dalwahuB Pe lowered hls buckeL. When you lower a buckeL you
draw waLer ouL of lL. The idea of adla bihi ila, this expresslon, Lhls flgure of speech ls used ln Arablc
ls its as though you have a little bit of food, and water or a bit of something in bucket and youve
Lled lL wlLh a rope and Lhen you leave Lhe buckeL over Lhere. When Lhe anlmal comes, Lhen you pull
Lhe buckeL, and the animal follows, you pull the bucket, and the animal follows so dont dangle
money in front of rulers to hold them to yourselves, to get closer to them. Dont pay those extra to
go Lo Lhe fund ralslng dlnner for senaLor, so you can push your leglsLlaLlon for your company thats
trying to set up a polluting factory in the state. Dont dangle money towards the rulers, so that you
can geL close Lo Lhem- Lhls ls a means of geLLlng close Lo Lhem. Why do you wanL Lo do Lhls? So LhaL
you can geL close Lo Lhe rulers.
Li ta kulu fariqan so LhaL you may consume a porLlon (huge chunks) A.- #A2# 8.--#:.
from Lhe Lhe monles of Lhe people bil ithmi using sin, In other words you want to get to rulers
179

because Lhe rulers are responslble for malnLalnlng [usLlce among Lhe people,. 8uL you wanL engage
in business practices that are clearly going to take peoples rights, that are going to short-change
people. To be able to do that under the rulers nose, you need to have a little bit of a greased palm
wlLh Lhe ruler. You need to make sure that hes happy with you so that he looks the other way, when
Lhls happens.* l [usL found ouL Lhe oLher day (?)wakovla bank from norLh Carollna, was busLed for
shlpplng cocalne, marl[uana plane loads of Lhem planes. And now whaL dld Lhe governmenL do?
(slaps wrist) Dont do that, when they did was (?meant) Dont get caught and wess fargo just
boughL Lhem, - Lhey [usL boughL Lhese drug dealers. lL was ln Lhe news for a couple of days and Lhen
gone, thats it. Clearly an indication of , 41=81-#5.$# .8# $199#A. so you can consume the monies
from Lhe people uslng sln wa antum ta lamun whlle you know exacLly whaL you were dolng. A
loL of Lhe Llmes, Lhese execuLlves when Lhey geL caughL, whaL do Lhey clalm? l had no knowledge of
what is going on in my company. Insider trading? I was not aware of that the entire hearing just
standing in front of the senate for hours, and hours and hours, and theyll be drilled, and drilled and
drilled, theyll just say I wasnt aware of this meeting, I dont recall, I dont know. And Allah says,
yeah you do- wa antum talamuun. 1hls ls noL a new pracLlce, back ln Lhe day Loo,a dn up unLll
now, Lhese are Lhe manlfesLaLlons of Lhe lack of Laqwa, whn Lhe Laqwa of Allah ls noL Lhere when
you think theres nobodys watching, and the ones who are near, youre already paid them off, so
your safe, then youll find all kinds of corrupt[tion on the earth. It is really powerful that Allah puts it
rlghL afLer Lhe concepL of fasLlng. Pow we have Laken such a powerful Lhlng, 8amadhan, such a
powerful Lhlng, someLhlng LhaL ldenLlfles Musllms as whaL Lhey are, someLhlng LhaL empowers Lhem
Lo become people of [usLlce- LhaL ls whaL 8amadhan ls supposed Lo be accordlng Lo Lhe splrlL of
Lhese ayaL, WhaL have Lurned LhaL lnLo? A fesLlval, a fesLlval occaslon, noLhlng more. We celebraLe lL
and we move on. All we Lalk abouL ls how aL Lhe helghL of ramadhan we used Lo go Lo mas[ld
everyday, and when its done then we just move on with life. We dont see ourselves as a people for
a higher calling. Thats what the Quran makes sure it does. If we become direct students of the
Quran, theres a kind of vision and a kind of way of looking at the world a certain kind of attitude
LhaL geLs lnsLllled lnslde a Musllm LhaL geLs hard Lo geL away from. lL becomes hard for you Lo sell
ouL from LhaL and Lo [usL look aL Lhe rellglon ln a comparLmenLallsed klnd of way.

"/015/9 '131012 %@15 *^,



) (
So Lhey ask you abouL Lhe changlng phases of Lhe moon, Lell Lhem: 1he phases of Lhe moon
are a means of people keeplng Lrack of Llme and ha[[. 1here ls no good for you comlng lnLo
Lhe homes from Lhe back (door), however, rlghLeousness ls aLLalned by Lhe one who
180

possesses real Laqwa. And approach Lhe homes from Lhe (fronL) doors. And remaln cauLlous
of Allah so LhaL all of you may aLLaln success.


So Lhey ask you abouL Lhe changlng phases of Lhe moon, Lell Lhem: 1he phases of Lhe moon
are a means of people keeplng Lrack of Llme and ha[[.
Cf course when fasLlng was revealed, you have Lo pay aLLenLlon Lo Lhe moon. 1he moon ls
llke a calendar on Lhe sky. WhaL was expecLed here was was-sawm and noL wal hajj. 1hls
ls an early Madanl surah, no baLLles beLween Musllms and kuffar have Laken place. 1he
Sahabas are llke how are we golng Lo go Lo ha[[ when our enemles are over Lhere. Allah has
dropped a hlnL here saylng LhaL your mlsslon ls Lo go for ha[[, and you belng able Lo make
ha[[ wlll be Lhe same as lslam havlng vlcLory because when you make ha[[, Lhe ldols wlll be
desLroyed and when Lhe ldols are desLroyed, Lhe mlsslon ls compleLe.


1here ls no good for you comlng lnLo Lhe homes from Lhe back (door), however,
rlghLeousness ls aLLalned by Lhe one who possesses real Laqwa. And approach Lhe homes
from Lhe (fronL) doors.
Some of Lhe Sahabas were Mushrlkoon, some ChrlsLlans and some !ews before Lhey came
into Islam, so their practices got mixed with each other. Its an interesting phenomenon,
when dlfferenL rellglons llve LogeLher, Lhey sLarL borrowlng pracLlces from each oLher. lor
example, you would flnd a cerLaln flavour of ChrlsLlanlLy ln Afrlca and you would flnd a
dlfferenL flavour ln Aslaand a loL of Lhe pracLlces of Musllms ln lndla are borrowed from
Plndu LradlLlons unforLunaLely.
Some people who llved ln Madlna used Lo also have reverence for Mecca as all Arab Lrlbes
dld. And all of Lhelr ldols were housed and sLaLloned ln Mecca. Mecca had cenLral
lmporLance noL [usL for economlc reasons buL also for rellglous reasons (ldol worshlpplng). A
lot of what we have for Hajj was originally from Ibrahim A.S. When he made the dua Atloo
moooslkooo(show us the rituals we have to perform), Allah did teach him the rituals and he
passed lL down Lo hls chlldren. 1hen Lhey mlxed some welrd, LwlsLed Lhlngs ln wlLh Lhose
proper LradlLlons.
Cne of Lhe new pracLlces Lhey developed was when one would go Lo ha[[ from ouL of Lown
(from Madina or Taif or somewhere else) and theyve already left but Lhey forgoL someLhlng
(e.g. walleL), lL was consldered really bad luck Lo come back. 8uL lf Lhey musL Lhen Lhey
shouldnt come from the front door. They thought it to be bad omen, so they would come
from Lhe wlndow or Lhe back door, LhaL way Lhey would be proLecLed from belng cursed.
181

1he lesson of Laqwa ls already LaughL, so Allah ls saylng LhaL whaLever you need Lo be good
(rlghLeous), Lo have Laqwa, has already been esLabllshed. 1hls ls a summary of Lhe AyaL-ul-
8lrr.


And approach Lhe homes from Lhe (fronL) doors.
uolng Lhlngs Lhe way lL ls supposed Lo be done ls called comlng Lo lL from Lhe fronL door.
1haL was Lhe Arab way of saylng lL. Allah ls Leachlng Lhe ummah LhaL from now on whaLever
you do, follow proper procedure, proper proLocol, look aL whaL Lhe Messenger s.a.w.
hlmself ls dolng.


And remaln cauLlous of Allah so LhaL all of you may aLLaln success.
8eal success ls noL wheLher you escaped a bad omen, real success ls LhaL you wenL Lo Pa[[
for Lhe purpose of galnlng Laqwa. So [usL llke Lhe purpose of fasLlng ls Laqwa, Lhe purpose of
Pa[[ ls also Laqwa.
%@15 *,6

(
And fight in Allahs path, those who are already fighting you. And dont go beyond limits. No
doubL abouL lL, lL ls Allah, Pe does noL love Lhose who Lransgress (who vlolaLe llmlLs).


And flghL ln Allahs path
Why? 8ecause Lhe Pa[[, Lhe house bullL by lbrahlm a.s. ls belng held hosLage by Lhe Curalsh
wlLh Lhelr fllLh ln lL. lL needs Lo be cleansed.


1hose who are already flghLlng you
Allah esLabllshes here LhaL Lhey (Lhe enemles) are Lhe ones who are engaged ln vlolence Lo
begin with. The Muslims didnt draw first blood (as they say). The Muslims just made a call
ln Mecca and lL sLarLed wlLh psychologlcal LorLure and lnsulLs, Lhen rldlcule, Lhen lL was
propaganda agalnsL Musllms, and soclal boycoLL and evenLually lL graduaLed lnLo vlolence
agalnsL Lhe Musllms Lo Lhe polnL where Lhey goL klcked ouL of Lhelr homes. So Allah says:
They fought you first, so its time to fight them back.
182

PlsLorlcal 8ackground:
1he ropheL s.a.w. moves Lo Madlna and ln slx monLhs, whlch ls no Llme aL all, he s.a.w.
sLablllzes Madlna as a clLy, as a communlLy. A mas[ld ls esLabllshed, broLherhood beLween
Lhe Muha[lroon and Lhe Ansar has been esLabllshed. A communal sLrucLure has been
esLabllshed. Mas[ld an-Nabawi is not just a masjid, its basically the senate, the White house
(if you will). Its the house of Governance. And within those six months, the Prophet s.a.w.
starts sending scouts to Mecca. Theyre not supposed to engage the enemy; theyre [usL
supposed Lo waLch whaL Lhey are dolng. Cne of Lhe scouLs goL dlscovered ln Lhe ouLsklrLs of
Mecca and a flghL broke ouL and Lhe Musllms baslcally kllled whoever was Lhere and Lhe
Muslims won, and they went back. The Prophet s.a.w. wasnt happy with whaL had
happened buL neverLheless, he s.a.w. sLarLed preparlng Lhe bellevers for a reacLlon. 1hls
news (LhaL one of Lhelr caravans goL aLLacked and people goL kllled) reached back Lo Mecca.
now wlLhln Mecca, Lhere were Lwo klnds of camps (dlsbellevers). Cne klnd would say LhaL lf
Muhammad advances and lf he geLs more LerrlLory and galns lnfluence and becomes a
dominant power in the region, well, whats so bad about that, he is a Qureishi after all. Abu
Sufyan was one who was of Lhls oplnlon.
And Lhe oLher kind would say, No, hes a rebel, theres no way were ever going to accept
hlm, we need Lo flghL and annlhllaLe Lhls problem, Lhls dlsease LhaL ls lnfecLlng our socleLy.
Abu !ahl and Lhe llke were ln Lhls klnd.
So when Lhe news of Lhe aLLack on Lhe caravan reached Mecca, the end group said, we told
you that were supposed to kill them, look they are trying to kill us, so we need to go after
them. And that is what fired up the Meccans to make the effort to amass the army of a
Lhousand, beaL Lhe drums of war and march ouL Lowards 8adr, Lowards Lhe Musllms.


And dont go beyond limits. no doubL abouL lL, lL ls Allah, Pe does noL love Lhose who
Lransgress, who vlolaLe llmlLs.
When you see your enemy who has wronged you and your family, then its easy Lo lose your
Lemper. When you have an oppressor ln fronL of you, lnsLead of brlnglng Lhem Lo [usLlce and
Lrlal, you wanL Lo go overboard. When war happens, all klnds of oLher crlmes happen.
%@15 *,*

(
183

And klll Lhem wherever you flnd Lhem (on Lhe baLLle fleld). And expel Lhem from where Lhey
expelled you ouL (Mecca). And flLnah ls more lnLense (worse off) Lhan even murder. And
dont fight them when you get to Masjid al Haram, until they fight you in it. And if they were
Lo flghL you Lhere, Lhen klll Lhem. 1haL ls how Lhe compensaLlon of dlsbellevers works.
It is expected for the Kuffar to say, Kill them wherever you find them, because the
bellevers are so few ln number LhaL Lhey have Lo flnd Lhem. Whereas Lhe Musllms wlll have
no problem flndlng a Lhousand people on Lhe baLLle fleld. 1he Musllms have 8 horses, 13
swords and barely any weaponry and Lhey are noL even people who are used Lo baLLles, Lhe
Madanls for Lhe mosL parL are agrlculLural people.
When Lhe call for 8adr was made, the Prophet s.a.w. asked, Do you think we should go?
and Abu 8akr, umar, uLhman, and Lhe Meccan sahabas all sLood up. 1he propheL s.a.w. was
very pleased but he was quiet, he didnt say anything and the Ansar realized that he cant
Lell us Lo flghL so he ls checklng Lo see wheLher we volunLeer or noL. 1he Ansar sLood up and
said, Ya rasool Allah s.a.w., dont think we are like the followers of Musa, were coming with
you all the way. And this homogeneous spirit was created within the Muslims.


And flLnah ls more lnLense (worse off) Lhan even murder.

- llLnah ls a slLuaLlon where dlsobedlence Lo Allah becomes easler and obedlence of


Allah becomes harder, llLnah ln and lLself ls noL haram buL lL makes haram easy and
accesslble, llLnah ls when kufr ls easler and lman ls harder.
1he kuffar have creaLed a slLuaLlon of flLnah wlLh Lhe house of Allah where shlrk has
become easy and remalnlng ln 1awhld has become hard.
Allah says: llLnah ls worse Lhan flghLlng. Allah acknowledges LhaL flghLlng ln and lLself ls noL
a good thing but its lesser of two evils.


And dont fight them when you get to Masjid al Haram, until they fight you in it. And if they
were Lo flghL you Lhere, Lhen klll Lhem.
The Muslims are like, We are going to make it all the way to Masjid al Haram fighting?
Making it to Masjid al Haram, which is the enemys territory means that they (the enemy)
have losL already, Lhen, all LhaL Lhere ls lefL ls for Lhem Lo be kllled.
%@15 *,+
)

(
184

And lf Lhey were Lo sLop (drop Lhelr arms), (Lhen you sLop Loo). And cerLalnly Allah ls
exLremely lorglvlng, always Merclful.
ln oLher words, Lhey foughL you all Lhe way from Lhe ouLsklrLs of 8adr, and Lhe baLLle
conLlnued all Lhe way lnslde Mecca, and all Lhe way lnslde Mas[ld al Param and Lhen Lhey
glve up, Lhen you sLop Loo. 1hls ls Lhe helghL of dlsclpllne for an army. 1elllng soldlers Lo
sLarL flghLlng ls Lhe easler parL. 1elllng Lhem Lo sLop flghLlng ls Lhe harder parL. Allah creaLed
Lhls dlsclpllne ln Lhe Musllm army.
By the way, for them to stop fighting also mean that theyve given up which means that
theyve come into Islam.
%@15 *,b

(
And conLlnue Lo flghL Lhem unLll Lhere ls no more flLnah. And Lhe rellglon belongs Lo Allah.
And Lhen lf Lhey sLop noneLheless, Lhen Lhere ls no anlmoslLy aL all excepL on Lhose who do
wrong conLlnuously.


And Lhe rellglon belongs Lo Allah.
1he way llfe runs belongs Lo Allah. ln oLher words, Lhere should be no oLher deen lefL ln Lhe
reglon, especlally ln Mecca.
)

(
And Lhen lf Lhey sLop noneLheless, Lhen Lhere ls no anlmoslLy aL all excepL on Lhose who do
wrong conLlnuously.
In other words, they said, We dont fight you anymore, and they dropped their arms and
you ceased flre. 8uL Lhe momenL you Lurned your back, Lhey plcked up Lhelr weapons agaln,
Lhen Lhose are Lhe wrongdoers. ln LhaL case, yes, you can have anlmoslLy agalnsL Lhem
because Lhey are Lreacherous. CLherwlse Lhere ls no anlmoslLy lefL.
%@15 *,.

(
183

1he sacred monLh wlll be compensaLed for by Lhe very same sacred monLh. And all sacred
things are the same way (theyre expiated for). Then whoever violated against you, then
advance agalnsL hlm ln Lhe same way LhaL he crossed llnes agalnsL you. 8emaln cauLlous of
Allah, and you had beLLer know LhaL Allah ls wlLh Lhe people who have Laqwa.


1he sacred monLh wlll be compensaLed for by Lhe very same sacred monLh.
1he Arabs before lslam had four sacred monLhs ln whlch flghLlng were forbldden because
Lhey were Lhe monLhs of Pa[[. 1hey dedlcaLed 3 monLhs for Pa[[ and 1 for umrah. 1he
muLual agreemenL beLween all of Lhe Arabs was noL Lo flghL ln Lhese monLhs.
So Allah says, lf Lhey vlolaLe LhaL and come afLer you ln one of Lhose monLhs, Lhen you can
break LhaL rule and come afLer Lhem.


And all sacred things are the same way (theyre expiated for).
WhaL Lhls means ls, [usL llke cerLaln monLhs are haram, cerLaln places are haram Loo. ?ou
cant fight in Masjid al Haram. But if they fight, then you can do Qisaas that is you can fight
back ln Lhose places. 1hen lL becomes leglLlmaLe.


8emaln cauLlous of Allah, and you had beLLer know LhaL Allah ls wlLh Lhe people who have
Laqwa.
ln oLher words, Lhe Lhlng LhaL wlll glve you vlcLory ln Lhe baLLle ls LhaL Allah ls wlLh you. Allah
wlll no longer be wlLh you lf you lose your Laqwa and lf your Laqwa ls gone (ln Lhe heaL of
Lhe baLLle), Lhen you no longer have dlvlne supporL.

%@15 *,c


) (
And spend in Allahs path. And do not, with your own hands consign yourselves to ruin. And
Lxcel! (When lL comes Lo spendlng for Lhe sake of Allah) CerLalnly, Allah Lruly loves Lhose
who ln facL go ouL of Lhelr way.


186

And spend in Allahs path.
When a counLry ls golng lnLo war, lL goes lnLo a flnanclal deflclL because you need money Lo
prepare an army.


And do noL wlLh your own hands conslgn yourselves Lo ruln.
What Allah is saying is that, spend in the path of Allah and dont waste money anywhere
else and dont by your stinginess lead to your own destruction. If you become sLlngy now, lL
wlll show LhaL you love dunya more Lhan akhlrah, and Lhe supporL of Allah wlll be gone and
LhaL wlll be Lhe reason for your own desLrucLlon.


And Lxcel! (When lL comes Lo spendlng for Lhe sake of Allah)
lf you have lnLernallzed Lhe prevlous lessons, Lhose of Laqwa, Lhe one of belng ready Lo flghL
for Lhe sake of Allah LhaL ls Lo glve your llfe up, Lhen leLLlng go of Lhls money, an exLenslon
of yourself, whlch you earned, should be an easler sLep.


CerLalnly, Allah Lruly loves Lhose who ln facL go ouL of Lhelr way.
Ihsan is tied to Innee Qareeb (I (Allah) am near).
1he deflnlLlon of lhsan ls Lo enslave oneself, Lo worshlp Allah llke you can see Plm.
The idea of seeing someone is that they are close. And if you cant see Him, then know that
Pe can see you, whlch sLlll means LhaL Pe ls close. lf you really lnLernallze Lhe closeness of
Allah, Lhen you will become a Muhsin. Youll know that Allah is watching you right now, that
Pe ls close. So when l am spendlng ln a worLhy cause, Lhen Allah has recorded lL for me
Plmself.







187

"/012 %9 '131012 4105 *b Y%@15 *,_-+6^Z

%@12 *,_G

And compleLe Lhe Pa[[ and 'umrah for Allah . 8uL lf you are prevenLed, Lhen [offer] whaL can be
obLalned wlLh ease of sacrlflclal anlmals. And do noL shave your heads unLll Lhe sacrlflclal anlmal has
reached lLs place of slaughLer. And whoever among you ls lll or has an allmenL of Lhe head [maklng
shavlng necessary musL offer] a ransom of fasLlng [Lhree days] or charlLy or sacrlflce. And when you
are secure, Lhen whoever performs 'umrah [durlng Lhe Pa[[ monLhs] followed by Pa[[ [offers] whaL
can be obLalned wlLh ease of sacrlflclal anlmals. And whoever cannoL flnd [or afford such an anlmal]
- Lhen a fasL of Lhree days durlng Pa[[ and of seven when you have reLurned [home]. 1hose are Len
compleLe [days]. 1hls ls for Lhose whose famlly ls noL ln Lhe area of al-Mas[ld al-Param. And fear
Allah and know LhaL Allah ls severe ln penalLy.

P;0E %@12 J>1<7<? d;5>DO:;<5>X5
Ahl eople llqh and Sharla should be Lalked abouL by people
quallfled of LhaL area.
Padl 196 Anlmal Lo be
sacrlflced durlng Pa[[
lf you geL surrounded by enemy forces (l.e. Curalsh
1rlbe), Lhen sacrlflce whaLever you may be able Lo
sacrlflce, and do noL shave your halr unLll Lhe hadl has
reached lL place of sacrlflce.
Adn 196 aln, ln conLexL lL
means a serlous
[head] ln[ury
Whoever ls slck or has serlous head ln[ury, Lhere ls no
problem lf you shave your head early.
lldyaLun 196 CompensaLlon CompensaLlon for shavlng your head early.
188

Slyam 196 lasL CompensaLlon for shavlng Lhe head early ls fasLlng for 3
days.
Sadaqa 186 CharlLy CompensaLlon for shavlng Lhe head early ls charlLy.
nusuk 196 Sacrlflce CompensaLlon for shavlng Lhe head early ls sacrlflclng
an anlmal.
Tamatta 196 1o en[oy someLhlng Allah (swL) says you can en[oy umrah even when you
come Lo do Pa[[.
Pa[[
LamaLLu
196 Pa[[ when you have
Lwo lhrams (umrah,
Llme off, Lhen ha[[)
A Lype of Pa[[.
Pa[[
Clran
Same lhram for
umrah and ha[[
1ype of Pa[[ ln whlch you make umrah and Pa[[ wlLh
Lhe same lhram.
Pa[[
lfraad
lhram [usL for Pa[[
(slngular Pa[[)
1ype of ha[[ ln whlch you do ha[[ only.
1aqwa 196 Consclous [of Allah
(swL)] LlLerally means
Lo proLecL yourself
Have taqwa/consciousness of Allah (swt)
lqab 196 8evenge speclflcally
a bad ouLcome for a
bad deed
and know LhaL Allah ls sever ln Laklng revenge. Allah
(swL) ls saylng LhaL you respecL Lhe rlLuals of Pa[[ very
preclsely, oLherwlse you wlll anger Allah Lo Lhe polnL
LhaL Pe wlll Lake vengeance.
lnlLqam 8evenge Slmllar ln meanlng Lo lqab.
Rajaa 196 1o reLurn And whoever cannoL flnd [or afford such an anlmal] -
Lhen a fasL of Lhree days durlng Pa[[ and of seven when
you have reLurned [home] LoLal of 10 dayas. 1hls ls for
Lhose whose famlly ls noL ln Lhe area of al-Mas[ld al-
Param.






189











%@12 *,`G

Pa[[ ls [durlng] well-known monLhs, so whoever has made Pa[[ obllgaLory upon hlmself Lhereln [by
enLerlng Lhe sLaLe of lhram], Lhere ls [Lo be for hlm] no sexual relaLlons and no dlsobedlence and no
dlspuLlng durlng Pa[[. And whaLever good you do - Allah knows lL. And Lake provlslons, buL lndeed,
Lhe besL provlslon ls fear of Allah . And fear Me, C you of undersLandlng.

Malumatt 197 known/Laken lnLo
conslderaLlon
Pa[[ ls known monLhs.
lusooq 197 CorrupLlon, sLeallng,
backblLlng, complalnlng,
argulng, eLc.
Whoever mandaLes on Lhemselves LhaL Lhey are goln
Lo do Pa[[, Lhen Lhere ls no lnLercourse, corrupLlon,
sLeallng, backblLlng, eLc durlng Pa[[.
Mln khalr 197 Any good aL all (lncludlng
any evll you leave/avold)
WhaLever good LhaL you do, Allah (swL) wlll know
about it. Dont go around sharing it with people.
190

Zada 197 lncrease ack well.
Zaad 197 acklng more Lhan
necessary
ack a llLLle exLra (cash, precauLlonary provlslons).
1he besL provlslon Lo keep wlLh you all of Lhe Llme ls
1aqwa. roLecL yourself.
ulul Albab 197 eople of pure mlnds Allah (swL) says, be cauLlous of Me, eople of pure
mlnds. eople should have a pure mlnd durlng Pa[[,
wlLhouL dlsLracLlons. Pa[[ ls a slmulaLlon of !udgmenL
uay.
Lub Clean clear preclse
LhoughL
Pa[[, a slmulaLlon of !udgmenL uay should cleanse
you of all dlsLracLlng LhoughLs and you should
become people of Lub.







%@12 *,^G


1here ls no blame upon you for seeklng bounLy from your Lord [durlng Pa[[]. 8uL when you deparL
from 'ArafaL, remember Allah aL al- Mash'ar al-Param. And remember Plm, as Pe has gulded you, for
lndeed, you were before LhaL among Lhose asLray.
Al
Mashar
198 SomeLhlng LhaL
brlngs abouL
ln conLexL of lecLure, lL refers Lo Muzdallfa Lhe sacred
place LhaL makes you have sLrong feellngs. 8emember Allah
191

feellngs (swt) by the Mashar.

%@12 *,,G

1hen deparL from Lhe place from where [all] Lhe people deparL and ask forglveness of Allah . lndeed,
Allah ls lorglvlng and Merclful.
%@12 +66G

Afadha,
afeedhu
199,
200
When you reLurn
from Arafah
When you reLurn/deparL from Arafah

Afadha
200 1o splll over , Lo
move qulckly
Allah (swL) descrlbes Lhe huge populaLlon of people
LhaL wlll splll over from ArafaL, llke llquld pourlng.
Aabaa 200 lorefaLhers 8emember Allah llke you remembered your ancesLors.
Peoples pastime was remembering their ancestors.
%@12 +6*G


8uL among Lhem ls he who says, "Cur Lord, glve us ln Lhls world [LhaL whlch ls] good and ln Lhe
PereafLer [LhaL whlch ls] good and proLecL us from Lhe punlshmenL of Lhe llre."

192

Passanah 201 1he
good
8abbana aLlna fldunya hassana wa fll akhlraLa hassana wa qlna
adhabanar. Clve us Lhe mosL beauLlful Lhlng ln Lhls world [Lo be Lhe besL
follower of Lhe besL role model-Muhammad (s)] and besL ln Lhe PereafLer
and proLecL us from Lhe punlshmenL of Lhe flre.

%@12 +6+G

1hose wlll have a share of whaL Lhey have earned, and Allah ls swlfL ln accounL.

naseebun 202 orLlon lor Lhose people who slncerely make Lhe above dua, ls golng
Lo be a porLlon from whaL Lhey earned.
uswa 8ole model [of
Lhe propheL (s)]
The best thing you can have in this world is the Prophets (S)
role model.
Plsab 202 AccounL Allah (swL) ls qulck ln Laklng accounL.
?oum al-
nahr
uay of sacrlflce AfLer ?oum enahr, Lhere are Lhree days where you are
volunLarlly sLaylng back Lo remember Allah aL leasL 2 days
and up Lo 3 days.








%@12 +6bG
193


And remember Allah durlng [speclflc] numbered days. 1hen whoever hasLens [hls deparLure] ln Lwo
days - Lhere ls no sln upon hlm, and whoever delays [unLll Lhe Lhlrd] - Lhere ls no sln upon hlm - for
hlm who fears Allah . And fear Allah and know LhaL unLo Plm you wlll be gaLhered.
Pashar 203 When you hurL
anlmals
?ou wlll be hurLed llke anlmals on !udgmenL uay. Lverybody
wlll be sLampedlng.
1uhsharun 203 PurL know LhaL you wlll be gaLhered unLo Allah (swL).


%@12 +6.G


And of Lhe people ls he whose speech pleases you ln worldly llfe, and he calls Allah Lo wlLness as Lo
whaL ls ln hls hearL, yeL he ls Lhe flercesL of opponenLs.
Aladdu 204 lnLense, mosL nasLy klnd of arguer. Someone, who
when argues, refuses Lo llsLen Lo Lhe oLher person.
Cne Lype of
munaflqun/hypocrlLe.







194

%@12 +6cG

And when he goes away, he sLrlves LhroughouL Lhe land Lo cause corrupLlon Lhereln and desLroy
crops and anlmals. And Allah does noL llke corrupLlon.

%@12 +6_G


And when lL ls sald Lo hlm, "lear Allah ," prlde ln Lhe sln Lakes hold of hlm. SufflclenL for hlm ls
Pellflre, and how wreLched ls Lhe resLlng place.
lzza 206 rlde,
Ponor
Pls ego/prlde Lakes a hold of hlm when you Lell hlm Lo have Laqwa. Whenever he ls
argued wlLh, he explodes.
Mlhad 206 Pow a moLher hugs her
chlld
Allah says !ahannam wlll hug Lhls person and squeeze
hlm.










193


%@12 +6`G

And of Lhe people ls he who sells hlmself, seeklng means Lo Lhe approval of Allah . And Allah ls klnd
Lo [Pls] servanLs.
MardaaL 207 8eally/exLremely happy Lven ouL of Lhe people, Lhere ls someone who sells
himself in pursuit of Allahs pleasure, continually
maklng Allah (swL) really happy.
Rauf 207 When someone knows
what youre going through
Allah (swL) ls compasslonalLe wlLh hls slave. Allah
(swL) knows whaL hls slave ls golng Lhrough.


%@12 +6^G

C you who have belleved, enLer lnLo lslam compleLely [and perfecLly] and do noL follow Lhe
fooLsLeps of SaLan. lndeed, he ls Lo you a clear enemy.
Sllm 208 SafeLy LnLer lnLo Lhe fold of lslam/safeLy compleLely and be compleLely submlsslve Lo
Allah (swL).







196

.

"/012 %9 '131012 A105 *.G



M01<D9157;< T>0D> e +6,G



lf you are Lo sllp even afLer Lhe clearesL proofs have come Lo you ln parLlcular Lhen you had beLLer
know LhaL Allah ls an ulLlmaLe auLhorlLy and all wlse.

"/AA9>K><510@ E>5179DG
= was used when shayLan had made Adam sllp .


M01<D9157;< T>0D> e +*6G



Are Lhey walLlng Lo see unLll Allah comes aL Lhem from Lhe shades of Lhe clouds and Lhe angles
descend and Lhe maLLer Lhen have been declded and Lo Allah all maLLers/declslons reLurn anyway.

"/AA9>K><510@ E>5179DG
197

ln Lhelr procrasLlnaLlons Lhey keep pendlng. = is to procrastinate its the attitude of a hypocrite.
== doesn'L merely means Lo come buL also Lo aLLack.











M01<D9157;< T>0D> e +**G



Ask Lhe sons of lsrael how many clear mlraculous slgns We had glven Lo Lhem. And whoever was Lo
replace Lhe favor/blesslng (revelaLlon) of Allah even afLer lL came Lo hlm Lhen cerLalnly Allah ls
severe ln Laklng revenge/reLrlbuLlon.


M01<D9157;< T>0D> e +*+G



198

lL ls only/speclally for Lhe dlsbellevers LhaL worldly llfe was beauLlfled and Lhey make fun of Lhose
who belleve Lhose who acLually had Laqwa wlll be above Lhem on Lhe day of sLandlng and lndeed lL
ls Allah Who provldes provlslon Lo whoever Pe wanLs wlLhouL llmlLaLlons.

"/AA9>K><510@ E>5179DG
= means worldly closer and lnferlor llfe.















M01<D9157;< T>0D> e +*bG

199



Manklnd was one naLlon Lhen Allah appolnLed propheLs glvlng good news and glvlng warnlngs and
Pe senL wlLh Lhem Lhe law/Lhe book wlLh [usLlce so LhaL book can make declslons beLween Lhem ln
whaLever dlsagreemenL Lhey have among Lhemselves no one aL all fell ln dlsagreemenL abouL Lhe
book excepL Lhose who were glven wlLh lL.

*1he people who caused dlsagreemenL ln Lhe rellglon were people who were knowledgeable ln
rellglon.*
'8oqbyoo' meoos tbe otqe to Jomloote oootbet. [Sole reason why Lhey were dlsagreelng wlLh each
oLher.]

[Cur rellglon ls 90 aLLlLude, our knowledge ls only golng Lo forLlfy our aLLlLude]


Verse z1q



Or do you LIInk LIuL you wIII enLer PurudIse wIIIe sucI |LrIuI| Ius noL yeL come Lo you us cume Lo
LIose wIo pussed on beIore you? TIey were LoucIed by poverLy und IurdsIIp und were sIuken
200

unLII |even LIeIr| messenger und LIose wIo beIIeved wILI IIm suId, "WIen Is LIe IeIp oI AIIuI ?"
UnquesLIonubIy, LIe IeIp oI AIIuI Is neur.

---
You rc|, ':n ,ou |rc qo:nq 'o cn'cr )|nn| ju' :c '|' 1c |co|c corc u, 'c :nccrc
c:cvcr .crc 'ouccd .:' uc c||::':c '|' cvcn 'c :ccnqcr o 'c:r '::c .oud |,, .cn :
^| c| co::nq ': : 'oo :uc
^| c| : vcr, nc|r, o. c|n : c| c |r .cn c : ::c : o nc|r 'o u
,\c |vc ccn |ndcd | cq|c, '|' |nd u :n'o o' o 'rouc. \c'cr :' .| Noo (|) or
k|oou| (|) 'c, | |d :|jor |roc: .:c q:v:nq l|.|.
!u:: |rc qo:nq 'o c o||rccd or onc o '.o rc|on.
!. 1c, |rc do:nq 'c:r jo, |nd 'c, |rc do:nq :' o .c '|' ^| q:vc 'c: | |rd '::c o
'|' c c|n r|:c 'c:r cvc :n )|nn|.
2. Or 'c, |rc no' do:nq 'c:r jo vcr, .c o ^| : .:||:nq 'c: |' 'c |nd o 'c
d:c:cvcr o '|' 'c, c|n .|c u|.


Verse z1.



TIey usk you (O MuIummud (suw)) wIuL LIey sIouId spend. Suy: WIuLever you spend oI good
musL be Ior purenLs und kIndred und orpIuns und AI-MusukIn (LIe poor) und LIe wuyIurers, und
wIuLever you do oI good deeds, LruIy, AIIuI knows IL weII.

::n ,r:n .:' qood :n'cn':on.
o, 'c |co|c | 'c: :n .|' .|, 'c, c|n |cnd 'c:r .c|', |nd ^| q|vc 'c |ovc :', |nd 'c
:q rc|on ., 'c, .crc |cnd:nq .| 'o |rc||rc or 'c |''c 'o rcc !||.

201


Verse z16.



JIIud (IoIy IIgILIng In AIIuI's Cuuse) Is orduIned Ior you (MusIIms) LIougI you dIsIIke IL, und IL
muy be LIuL you dIsIIke u LIIng wIIcI Is good Ior you und LIuL you IIke u LIIng wIIcI Is bud Ior
you. AIIuI knows buL you do noL know.

1crc .crc | qrou| o ,|ocr:'c .o |'cd :q':nq - \c |rc qo:nq 'o :q' 'c: \, l|: :
|c|cc, ovc, o.cr, .c oud :|c |c|cc .:' 'c: |nd ^| |, '|' |rc ':nq .:c |rc qood
or u .:c .c :|, d::c |nd v:cc-vcr|.
^| no. cvcr,':nq |nd .c don' no. |n,':nq. ln o'cr .ord, 'o c qu:c'. c rcvc| |nd .c
oo.. L|,:nq do.n 'c |. :'cr|,.
l:q':nq : ||:nu, u' .o : |rccr::nq :' - o:conc \o ovc u :orc '|n our :o'cr. )u' :c
| c:d docn' rc|:zc '|' :cd:c:nc : :crc, no' o||rc:on, ': :q' : :crc, 'oo.


Verse z1;.

202



TIey usk you concernIng IIgILIng In LIe Sucred MonLIs (I.e. 1sL, ;LI, 11LI und 1zLI monLIs oI LIe
sIumIc cuIendur). Suy, "IgILIng LIereIn Is u greuL (LrunsgressIon) buL u greuLer (LrunsgressIon)
wILI AIIuI Is Lo prevenL munkInd Irom IoIIowIng LIe Wuy oI AIIuI, Lo dIsbeIIeve In HIm, Lo
prevenL uccess Lo AI-MusjId-uI-Hurum (uL MukkuI), und Lo drIve ouL ILs InIubILunLs, und AI-
ILnuI Is worse LIun kIIIIng. And LIey wIII never ceuse IIgILIng you unLII LIey Lurn you buck Irom
your reIIgIon (sIumIc MonoLIeIsm) II LIey cun. And wIosoever oI you Lurns buck Irom IIs
reIIgIon und dIes us u dIsbeIIever, LIen IIs deeds wIII be IosL In LIIs IIIe und In LIe HereuILer, und
LIey wIII be LIe dweIIers oI LIe Ire. TIey wIII ubIde LIereIn Iorever."
|l:q':nq : | :q dc| u' l:'n| : .||,, :qqcr. 1c d:c:cvcr |rc |n,.|, no' qo:nq 'o 'o|
:q':nq un': 'c, 'urn ,ou |c ro: ,our rc:q:on. | \ocvcr c|vc l|: 'c:r qood dccd |rc |o
o' .:c 'c, d:d .:c c:nq :n l|:.











Verse z18.
203




VerIIy, LIose wIo Iuve beIIeved, und LIose wIo Iuve emIgruLed (Ior AIIuI's ReIIgIon) und Iuve
sLrIven Iurd In LIe Wuy oI AIIuI, uII LIese Iope Ior AIIuI's Mercy. And AIIuI Is OIL-orgIvIng,
MosL-MercIIuI.

1c !u:: .o |vc o|c or ^| :crc, |rc 'c onc .o c:cvc |nd 'c onc .o ::qr|'cd
,'c :jr|, ::qr|':on ro: d|rnc 'o :q' ro: '|:nq :n'o ||' 'o ru:nq 'o ||'. lro:
conu:|':on o || 'o conu:|':on o ||. 1: : :jr|

)||du :|: - 'ruqq:nq or 'c |c o ^|
)||du :|::|: - 'rc|d:nq 'c ||' .:c ^| | :|dc or u, ||' o 'ruqqc.

,Our lccn : no' |ou' l :' |ou' u. Our lccn :|c u c-c, no' c:. l' |ou' ^|.
1|z:,| or cx|:|c, : ju' | :c|n 'o |n cnd unc :' | | qo| - 'o |c|c ^|. \cn |co|c
cco:c occd .:' 1|z:,| (|ur:',) 'c, orqc' l|.|.. |,:nq o. c|n .c 'c o'cr .cn .c
don' oo. ourcvc u' '|' docn' :c|n .c oud 'o| rc::nd:nq ourcvc |nd o'cr.



Verse z1q.



204

TIey usk you (O MuIummud (suw)) concernIng uIcoIoIIc drInk und gumbIIng. Suy: "n LIem Is u
greuL sIn, und (some) beneIIL Ior men, buL LIe sIn oI LIem Is greuLer LIun LIeIr beneIIL." And LIey
usk you wIuL LIey ougIL Lo spend. Suy: "TIuL wIIcI Is beyond your needs." TIus AIIuI mukes
cIeur Lo you HIs uws In order LIuL you muy gIve LIougIL."

N|3 - cnc:' :|n||3 - : 'c |ur|.
l: - :'cr|, :c|n :n.
o:c .ronq 'r|n|':on |, '|' 'c |r: |rc qrc|'cr '|n cnc:' u' ^| d:dn' |, |r:, ^|
|:d :n |nd cvcn 'c :''c cnc:' don' .:|c ou' 'oc :n.
,lor o:c ': .| cnouq, 'c, c' |coo |'oqc'cr cvcn 'ouq ': .|n' 'c :n| vcrd:c'.

,1: : 'c ccond '::c |round 'c, |rc |:nq 'c |:c quc':on. o. 'o |cnd 'c:r :onc,. 1c,
.crc o|:nq '|' ^| .oud |, ju' |cnd on ,ourcvc
^oo - o. :uc ,ou c|n |ord
^| q|vc 'c |rc' |o:c |n.cr '|c .|'cvcr ,ou c|n 'o urv:vc | | u:|n |nd q:vc !c 'c
rc'.
' ln 'c .ord, 'crc : udqc' ||nn:nq - nc. ouc, rcn', c|r, c'c. ^| |, 'o :|c :c.:c udqc'
||nn:nq or 'c )|nn| | .c' o. :uc |: l :nvc':nq :n :, )|nn| |ccoun'


Verse zzo.



n (Lo) LIIs worIdIy IIIe und In LIe HereuILer. And LIey usk you concernIng orpIuns. Suy: "TIe
besL LIIng Is Lo work IonesLIy In LIeIr properLy, und II you mIx your uIIuIrs wILI LIeIrs, LIen LIey
ure your broLIers. And AIIuI knows IIm wIo meuns mIscIIeI (e.g. Lo swuIIow LIeIr properLy)
Irom IIm wIo meuns good (e.g. Lo suve LIeIr properLy). And II AIIuI Iud wIsIed, He couId Iuve
puL you InLo dIIIIcuILIes. TruIy, AIIuI Is AII-MIgILy, AII-WIse."
203


^| |d :cn':oncd 'o c |:r .:' 'c or||n |nd no' 'o '|c |n,':nq ro: 'c:r |ro|cr':c, o
o:c ||| qo' .orr:cd '|' 'c, ::q' c|':nq | :'c ro: 'c or||n |or':on o 'c, '|r'cd
c'':nq u| d:crcn' :'ccn or 'c:, u' ^| |cd 'c: no' 'o qo '|' |r, : 'c or||n ::x u|
.:' 'c: |nd :vc .:' 'c: 'cn 'c, |rc ro'cr. ^| no. 'oc .o |vc corru|' :n'cn':on
|nd 'oc .o |vc qood :n'cn':on. ^nd : c |d .|n'cd, c coud |vc :|dc 'c: c' u| d:crcn'
'ovc |nd :|c :' d::cu' u' ^| : | .:c.
















Ayahs 221!"#"
206


%&'( "")

!"#$%& (#)&
And do noL murry AI-MusIrIkuL (IdoIuLresses, eLc.) LIII LIey beIIeve (worsIIp AIIuI
AIone). And Indeed u sIuve womun wIo beIIeves Is beLLer LIun u (Iree) MusIrIkuI
(IdoIuLress, eLc.), even LIougI sIe pIeuses you. And gIve noL (your duugILers) In
murrIuge Lo AI-MusIrIkun LIII LIey beIIeve (In AIIuI AIone) und verIIy, u beIIevIng
sIuve Is beLLer LIun u (Iree) MusIrIk (IdoIuLer, eLc.), even LIougI Ie pIeuses you.
TIose (AI-MusIrIkun) InvILe you Lo LIe Ire, buL AIIuI InvILes (you) Lo PurudIse
und orgIveness by HIs euve, und mukes HIs AyuL (prooIs, evIdences, verses,
Iessons, sIgns, reveIuLIons, eLc.) cIeur Lo munkInd LIuL LIey muy remember.

!"#$%&'()*+"",- *' ,(/ 0#&)"# 12

[mushrikatun] meaning a idolatress. By majority


"%134', ,(/ '5(1#")' ,(*' *' )/2/))*34 ,1 61%/3 *3 1,(/) 2"*,(' 1&,'*7/ 12 ,(/ 0/10#/ 12 ,(/ 811+ !*9/9
:(/ ;/6' "37 <()*',*"3'-9

%&'( """
207

!"#$%& (#)&
TIey usk you concernIng mensLruuLIon. Suy: LIuL Is un AdIu (u IurmIuI LIIng Ior
u Iusbund Lo Iuve u sexuuI InLercourse wILI IIs wIIe wIIIe sIe Is IuvIng Ier
menses), LIereIore keep uwuy Irom women durIng menses und go noL unLo LIem
LIII LIey Iuve purIIIed (Irom menses und Iuve Luken u buLI). And wIen LIey Iuve
purIIIed LIemseIves, LIen go In unLo LIem us AIIuI Ius orduIned Ior you (go In
unLo LIem In uny munner us Iong us IL Is In LIeIr vugInu). TruIy, AIIuI Ioves LIose
wIo Lurn unLo HIm In repenLunce und Ioves LIose wIo purIIy LIemseIves (by
LukIng u buLI und cIeunIng und wusIIng LIorougIIy LIeIr prIvuLe purLs, bodIes, Ior
LIeIr pruyers, eLc.).

[yathurna] comes from the verb

!,"(&)"- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 8/51%/ 0&)/9


!,","($harna] comes from the verb

!,","($(")"- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 8/51%/ ,(1)1&4(#=


0&)/ !*9/9 >/)21)% " 4(&'#? %"+/ 6&7(& /,59-

!",$,"6$6""8//3"- 1)*4*3"##=

!",$,"6$6""8113"- *' ,(/ 0#&)"# 12 ,(/ 61)7

!,"6$
6""8&3- 6(*5( %/"3' '1%/13/ 6(1 513',"3,#= )/0/3,' 1@/) "37 1@/) "4"*39 :(*' *' " (=0/)81#*A/7
31&3 !

-9 BCCBD #1@/' *, 6(/3 DEF '#"@/ +//0' )/0/3,*34 2)1% (*'G(/) '*3'9

!"#$%&,","($(*)//3"- 1)*4*3"##=

!"#$%&,","($(*)113"- *' ,(/ 0#&)"# 12 ,(/ 61)7


!%&,","($(*)&3- 6(*5( %/"3' '1%/13/ 6(1 *' 513',"3,#= 0&)*2=*34 ,(/% '/#29 F1? 2*)',#= 6/ ("@/

6(1 ")/ 513',"3,#= )/0/3,*34 6(*5( *' 0&)*2=*34 ,(/% '/#@/' '0*)*,&"##=9 :(*' 0/)'13 +//0'
,(*3+*34 "81&, ,(/*) '*3 "37 ,(*' +//0' ,(/% 2)1% 8/51%*34 "))14"3,9 BCCBD #1@/' ,(", (&%*#*,= *3 "
208

'#"@/9 H/0/3,"35/ *' " )1"7 ,1 (&%*#*,=9 F/5137#=? 6/ ("@/

6(1 ")/ 513',"3,#= '//+*34 ,1 0&)*2=


,(/%'/#@/' 0(='*5"##= ,()1&4( 0/)21)%*34 6&7(&? 4(&'# /,59
%&'( ""*

!"#$%& (#)&
Your wIves ure u LIILI Ior you, so go Lo your LIILI (Iuve sexuuI reIuLIons wILI your
wIves In uny munner us Iong us IL Is In LIe vugInu und noL In LIe unus), wIen or
Iow you wIII, und send (good deeds, or usk AIIuI Lo besLow upon you pIous
oIIsprIng) beIore you Ior your ownseIves. And Ieur AIIuI, und know LIuL you ure Lo
meeL HIm (In LIe HereuILer), und gIve good LIdIngs Lo LIe beIIevers (O
MuIummud SAW)

!("),(&3- #*,/)"##= %/"3' 5)109


Its a place to plant seeds and reap the benefits from. Similarly, is the case of a spouse that is halal for
=1&9 :()1&4( (/) =1& ("@/ 5(*#7)/3 "37 )/"0 ,(/ 8/3/2*,' 12 ,(/% 0)1@*7/7 =1& ,11+ ,(/ "00)10)*",/
%/"3' ,1 %"+/ '&)/ ,(/= ")/ )"*'/7 0)10/)#= #*+/ =1& 61&#7 ,"+/ ,(/ 0)10/) %/"3' ,1 %"+/ '&)/ =1&)
5)10' ")/ 8)1&4(, &0 6/## "37 %"*3,"*3/79

!%&#""I11(&- ,(/= 6*## 21) '&)/ %//, (*%9 J)*4*3"##=

9 :(/ !3113- ("'


8//3 7)100/7 (/)/ 8/5"&'/ 6(/3 " '1&37 %"#/ 0#&)"# *3 B)"8*5 ("' 8/51%/ '1%/,(*34 01''/''/7 *, #1'/'
*,' 9

!%&#""I*3- *' '1%/13/ ,(", %//,'9 M1&3' *3 B)"8*5 ")/ 0/)%"3/3,9 F1 ,(/ %/"3*34 (/)/ *' ,(",
,(/= 21) '&)/ 31 71&8, 6*## %//, DEN9

209

%&'( ""#

!"#$%& (#)&
And muke noL AIIuI's (Nume) un excuse In your ouLIs uguInsL your doIng good
und ucLIng pIousIy, und mukIng peuce umong munkInd. And AIIuI Is AII-Heurer,
AII-Knower (I.e. do noL sweur mucI und II you Iuve sworn uguInsL doIng
someLIIng good LIen gIve un expIuLIon Ior LIe ouLI und do good).

We find many people nowadays and in the past who say things like Wallahi I will ne@/) 4*@/ ,(*' 0/)'13
salaam anymore or they will say Wallahi I will never go to that masjid again. These are all oaths
"4"*3', 71*34 )*4(,/1&' "5,*13'9 E' 31, 4*@*34 '"#""% ,1 =1&) 8)1,(/) 1) '*',/) 4117O E' 31, @*'*,*34 "
%"'P*7 4117O J",(' ")/ 51%%13#= P&', &,,/)/7 *3 "8&37"35/ 6*,(1&, /@/3 4*@*34 ,(1&4(, ,1 ,(/
513,/Q, ,(/= ")/ 8/*34 &'/7 *39 :(*' *' " 8"7 ("8*, ,(", %"3= N&'#*%' ("@/ 2"##/3 *3,19



%&'( ""+

!"#$%& (#)&
210

AIIuI wIII noL cuII you Lo uccounL Ior LIuL wIIcI Is unInLenLIonuI In your ouLIs, buL
He wIII cuII you Lo uccounL Ior LIuL wIIcI your IeurLs Iuve eurned. And AIIuI Is
OIL-orgIvIng, MosL-orbeurIng.

Some people may take oaths casually not intending anything by them. ALLAH says HE wont seize/
call to account these types of people. Those however, whos hearts are fully aware of what they are
'"=*34? 6*## 8/ ,"+/3 ,1 "551&3, 21) ,(", 6(*5( ,(/= &,,/)/79
F1? (/)/ 6/ '// ,(", 1",(' ")/ 12 ,61 /3,*,*/'? ,(/ 1",( 13 =1&) ,134&/ "37 ,(/ 1",( *3 =1&) (/"),9

!("#//%&3- :(/ J3/ 6(1 *' /Q,)/%/#= #1@*34 "37 51%0"''*13",/9

!(*#%&3- *' &'/7 21) "


%1,(/)9 F(/ %"= 4/, "34)= 6*,( (/) 5(*#7 8&, '(/ ',*## 2//#' #1@/ "37 51%0"''*13 21) (*%G(/)9 :(/
%1,(/) *' ,1#/)"3, of her childs mistakes9
%&'( "",

!"#$%& (#)&
TIose wIo Luke un ouLI noL Lo Iuve sexuuI reIuLIon wILI LIeIr wIves musL wuIL
Iour monLIs, LIen II LIey reLurn (cIunge LIeIr Ideu In LIIs perIod), verIIy, AIIuI Is
OIL-orgIvIng, MosL MercIIuI.

[yuloona] is from the word

[eelaaun] which means an oath.



211





%&'( ""-

!"#$%& (#)&
And II LIey decIde upon dIvorce, LIen AIIuI Is AII-Heurer, AII-Knower.

!"RA"%11- 51%/' 2)1% ,(/ @/)8

!"RA"%"- 6(*5( *' ,1 ,(*3+ "81&, '1%/,(*34 ,(1)1&4(#=


"37 %"+/ &0 =1&) %*37 2*)%#=9 B#'1?

!"RA//%",&3- %/"3' " ',)134 )/'1#@/9


%&'( "".

!"#$%& (#)&
212

And dIvorced women sIuII wuIL (us regurds LIeIr murrIuge) Ior LIree mensLruuI
perIods, und IL Is noL IuwIuI Ior LIem Lo conceuI wIuL AIIuI Ius creuLed In LIeIr
wombs, II LIey beIIeve In AIIuI und LIe usL Duy. And LIeIr Iusbunds Iuve LIe
beLLer rIgIL Lo Luke LIem buck In LIuL perIod, II LIey wIsI Ior reconcIIIuLIon. And
LIey (women) Iuve rIgILs (over LIeIr Iusbunds us regurds IIvIng expenses, eLc.)
sImIIur (Lo LIose oI LIeIr Iusbunds) over LIem (us regurds obedIence und respecL,
eLc.) Lo wIuL Is reusonubIe, buL men Iuve u degree (oI responsIbIIILy) over LIem.
And AIIuI Is AII-MIgILy, AII-WIse.

[buoo3latun] or

[buoo3lun] husband. Its singular is

[ba3lun].
BCCBD /Q0#"*3' ,(", %/3 ("@/ %1)/ 12 " )*4(, ,1 ,"+/ ,(/ 61%/3 8"5+ ,(/3 ,(/%9 S/ '// ,(",
'1%/,*%/' " %"3 6"3,' ,1 ,"+/ (*' 6*2/ 8"5+ 8&, '(/ *' ',*## %"7 "37 )/2&'/' 1&, 12 /%1,*13 /,59 :(*'
51&#7 %"+/ ,(*34' 61)'/ /,59 F1? ,(/ %"3 (/)/ ("' ,(/ )*4(, ,1 ,"+/ (*' 6*2/ 8"5+ "37 ("@/ ,(/ 2*3"# '"=9
In a case where there might be abuse and thats why she is refusing etc, then this is left up to the person
12 +316#/74/ *3 ,(/ 51%%&3*,= ,1 ,)= ,1 )/'1#@/ ,(*' '*,&",*139

!6" #"(&3$3" %*,(#& "#$#",(// "R#"=(*3$3"- %/"3*34 ,(", ,(1&4(


,(/ %/3 '//% ,1 ("@/ ,(*' "7@"3,"4/ *3 8/*34 18/=/7 *3 ,/)%' 12 6"3,*34 ,(/*) 6*@/' ,1 51%/ 8"5+?
61%/3 ("@/ ,(/*) 163 "7@"3,"4/' *3 ,/)%' 12 ,(/*) %"()? 31, 8/")*34 "3= 2*3"35*"# )/'013'*8*#*,= *3 ,(/
upkeep of the household, whats hers in hers and whats his is also hers. So we see things balance out.
BCCBD '"=' ,(", %/3 ("@/ "3 "7@"3,"4/ "37 7/4)// 1@/) 61%/3 *3 ,(/ "22"*)' 12 %"))*"4/ "37 7*@1)5/
/,59 D16/@/)? ,(*' "7@"3,"4/ 1) 7/4)// '(1&#7 31, 8/ ,"+/3 1&, 12 513,/Q, "37 %"7/ ,1 8/ " 8#"3+/,
',",/%/3, ,(", %/3 ")/ *3 "## 2"5/,' 8/,,/) ,("3 61%/3 "37 ,(/= ")/ 8/3/",( %/39 N/3 ("@/ ,(/*) )1#/'
"' 71 61%/39 E3 ,(/ /37? BCCBD *' :(/ J3/ S(1 *' :(/ N1', S*'/ "37 *' :(/ T#,*%",/ B&,(1)*,=
,1 P&74/ 8/,6//3 "## 12 5)/",*139


213






%&'( ""/

!"#$%& (#)&
TIe dIvorce Is LwIce, uILer LIuL, eILIer you reLuIn Ier on reusonubIe Lerms or
reIeuse Ier wILI kIndness. And IL Is noL IuwIuI Ior you (men) Lo Luke buck (Irom
your wIves) uny oI your MuIr (brIduI money gIven by LIe Iusbund Lo IIs wIIe uL
LIe LIme oI murrIuge) wIIcI you Iuve gIven LIem, excepL wIen boLI purLIes Ieur
LIuL LIey wouId be unubIe Lo keep LIe IImILs orduIned by AIIuI (e.g. Lo deuI wILI
214

eucI oLIer on u IuIr busIs). TIen II you Ieur LIuL LIey wouId noL be ubIe Lo keep LIe
IImILs orduIned by AIIuI, LIen LIere Is no sIn on eILIer oI LIem II sIe gIves buck
(LIe MuIr or u purL oI IL) Ior Ier AI-KIuI' (dIvorce). TIese ure LIe IImILs orduIned
by AIIuI, so do noL Lrunsgress LIem. And wIoever Lrunsgresses LIe IImILs
orduIned by AIIuI, LIen sucI ure LIe ZuIImun (wrong-doers, eLc.).




%&'( "*0

!"#$%& (#)&
And II Ie Ius dIvorced Ier (LIe LIIrd LIme), LIen sIe Is noL IuwIuI unLo IIm
LIereuILer unLII sIe Ius murrIed unoLIer Iusbund. TIen, II LIe oLIer Iusbund
dIvorces Ier, IL Is no sIn on boLI oI LIem LIuL LIey reunILe, provIded LIey IeeI LIuL
LIey cun keep LIe IImILs orduIned by AIIuI. TIese ure LIe IImILs oI AIIuI, wIIcI He
mukes pIuIn Ior LIe peopIe wIo Iuve knowIedge.

213









%&'( "*)


216

!"#$%& (#)&
And wIen you Iuve dIvorced women und LIey Iuve IuIIIIIed LIe Lerm oI LIeIr
prescrIbed perIod, eILIer Luke LIem buck on reusonubIe busIs or seL LIem Iree on
reusonubIe busIs. BuL do noL Luke LIem buck Lo IurL LIem, und wIoever does LIuL,
LIen Ie Ius wronged IImseII. And LreuL noL LIe Verses (uws) oI AIIuI us u jesL,
buL remember AIIuI's uvours on you (I.e. sIum), und LIuL wIIcI He Ius senL
down Lo you oI LIe Book (I.e. LIe Qurun) und AI-HIkmuI (LIe PropIeL's SunnuI -
IeguI wuys - sIumIc jurIsprudence, eLc.) wIereby He InsLrucLs you. And Ieur AIIuI,
und know LIuL AIIuI Is AII-Awure oI everyLIIng.

:(*' "="( *' 7/7*5",/7 ,1 ,(1'/ ,=0/' 12 %/3 6(1 0#"= 0(='*1#14*5"# 4"%/' 6*,( ,(/*) 61%/39
U*@1)5*34 ,(/% "37 ,(/3 ,"+*34 ,(/% 8"5+ P&', ,1 (")% ,(/% '1%/ %1)/ "37 ,(/3 7*@1)5*34 ,(/%
"4"*3 "37 ,(/3 ,"+*34 ,(/% 8"5+ " '/5137 ,*%/ /,59 This person is commanded to remember ALLAHs
2"@1&) 13 (*% "37 ,1 )/%/%8/) ,(", BCCBD *' B## B6")/ 12 /@/)=,(*34 (/ *' 71*349 D/ *' 51%%"37/7
,1 /*,(/) #/, (/) 41 *3 " 6"= ,(", *' P&', "37 &0)*4(, 1) +//0 (/) "37 )/5135*#/ *3 " 6"= ,(", *' P&', "37
&0)*4(,9
%&'( "*"

217

!"#$%& (#)&
And wIen you Iuve dIvorced women und LIey Iuve IuIIIIIed LIe Lerm oI LIeIr
prescrIbed perIod, do noL prevenL LIem Irom murryIng LIeIr (Iormer) Iusbunds, II
LIey muLuuIIy ugree on reusonubIe busIs. TIIs (InsLrucLIon) Is un udmonILIon Ior
IIm umong you wIo beIIeves In AIIuI und LIe usL Duy. TIuL Is more vIrLuous und
purer Ior you. AIIuI knows und you know noL.

[ta3dhuloo$(&3$3"- 51%/' 2)1% ,(/ @/)8

!"R7("#"- 6(*5( *' ,1 ',)*5,#= 21)8*7


'1%/,(*349 :(/ @/)8

!%"3"$"R- %/"3' ,1 21)8*79


[yooa3thu] comes from the verb

!6"$"R,("- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 "7@*'/9 :(*' 0)/'/3, ,/3'/


@/)8 *' *3 ,(/ 0"''*@/ 21)%9 :(/ 8/3/2*, 12 ,(*' *' ,(", BCCBD *' '"=*34 ,(", ,(*' *' " 6")3*34G"7@*5/
4*@*34 ,1 6(1/@/) 8/#*/@/' *3 BCCBD "37 ,(/ #"', 7"=9 :(*' "7@*5/ *' 4*@/3 ,1 ,(/ ,=0/ 12 0/)'13 6(1
71/' ,(/'/ ,(*34' !*9/9 /351&)"4*34 ,(/ %"3 1) ,(/ 61%"3 ,1 )/%"*3 *3 " ',",/ 12 7*@1)5/ "37 31, ,1
)/5135*#/ 6*,( ,(/ 1,(/) '01&'/9- BCCBD *' 7*'0#/"'/7 6*,( ,(*' ,=0/ 12 0/)'13. So ALLAH doesnt
%/3,*13 DEF 3"%/ 3/Q, ,1 ,(/ @/)8

,1 '(16 DEF 7*'0#/"'&)/ 8= 7*',"35*34 DEF 3"%/ 2)1%


(*%G(/)9
BCCBD '"=' ,(", *2 ,(/= !*9/9 ,(/ ,61 '01&'/'- ("@/ 51%/ ,1 " 7/5/3, %&,&"# &37/)',"37*34 8/,6//3
,(/%'/#@/' ,(/3 ,1 #/, ,(/% )/5135*#/ 7/'0*,/ 6(", #14*5"# ")4&%/3,' =1& %"= ("@/ "4"*3', *,9 :(*' *'
'0*)*,&"##=? %",/)*"##=? "37 0(='*5"##= 0&)/) 21) =1& ,1 8"5+ 122 "37 #/, ,(/% 4/, 8"5+ ,14/,(/)9
%&'( "**
218

!"#$%& (#)&
TIe moLIers sIuII gIve suck Lo LIeIr cIIIdren Ior Lwo wIoIe yeurs, (LIuL Is) Ior
LIose (purenLs) wIo desIre Lo compIeLe LIe Lerm oI suckIIng, buL LIe IuLIer oI LIe
cIIId sIuII beur LIe cosL oI LIe moLIer's Iood und cIoLIIng on u reusonubIe busIs.
No person sIuII Iuve u burden IuId on IIm greuLer LIun Ie cun beur. No moLIer
sIuII be LreuLed unIuIrIy on uccounL oI Ier cIIId, nor IuLIer on uccounL oI IIs
cIIId. And on LIe (IuLIer's) IeIr Is IncumbenL LIe IIke oI LIuL (wIIcI wus
IncumbenL on LIe IuLIer). I LIey boLI decIde on weunIng, by muLuuI consenL, und
uILer due consuILuLIon, LIere Is no sIn on LIem. And II you decIde on u IosLer
suckIIng-moLIer Ior your cIIIdren, LIere Is no sIn on you, provIded you puy (LIe
moLIer) wIuL you ugreed (Lo gIve Ier) on reusonubIe busIs. And Ieur AIIuI und
know LIuL AIIuI Is AII-Seer oI wIuL you do.
%&'( "*#
219

!"#$%& (#)&
And LIose oI you wIo dIe und Ieuve wIves beIInd LIem, LIey (LIe wIves) sIuII wuIL
(us regurds LIeIr murrIuge) Ior Iour monLIs und Len duys, LIen wIen LIey Iuve
IuIIIIIed LIeIr Lerm, LIere Is no sIn on you II LIey (LIe wIves) dIspose oI LIemseIves
In u jusL und IonourubIe munner (I.e. LIey cun murry). And AIIuI Is WeII-
AcquuInLed wILI wIuL you do.

S(/3 " %"3 7*/' "37 #/"@/' " 6*2/ 8/(*37? '(/ *' ,1 6"*, V %13,(' "37 WX 7"=' 8/21)/ 8/*34 "8#/ ,1
%"))= "4"*39 E, *' (/) )*4(, ,1 %1@/ 13 6*,( (/) #*2/ in an honourable way. Its not proper for the
husbands family to consider it a disgrace or blemish on the familys name if she does so. His family
3//7' ,1 #/, (/) 8/ "' '(/ *' 31 #134/) 0"), 12 ,(/*) 2"%*#=9



%&'( "*+

220


!"#$%& (#)&
And LIere Is no sIn on you II you muke u IInL oI beLroLIuI or conceuI IL In yourseII,
AIIuI knows LIuL you wIII remember LIem, buL do noL muke u promIse oI conLrucL
wILI LIem In secreL excepL LIuL you speuk un IonourubIe suyIng uccordIng Lo LIe
sIumIc Iuw (e.g. you cun suy Lo Ier, "I one IInds u wIIe IIke you, Ie wIII be
Iuppy"). And do noL consummuLe LIe murrIuge unLII LIe Lerm prescrIbed Is
IuIIIIIed. And know LIuL AIIuI knows wIuL Is In your mInds, so Ieur HIm. And
know LIuL AIIuI Is OIL-orgIvIng, MosL orbeurIng.





%&'( "*,
221

!"#$%& (#)&
TIere Is no sIn on you, II you dIvorce women wIIIe yeL you Iuve noL LoucIed (Iud
sexuuI reIuLIon wILI) LIem, nor uppoInLed unLo LIem LIeIr MuIr (brIduI money
gIven by LIe Iusbund Lo IIs wIIe uL LIe LIme oI murrIuge). BuL besLow on LIem (u
suILubIe gIIL), LIe rIcI uccordIng Lo IIs meuns, und LIe poor uccordIng Lo IIs
meuns, u gIIL oI reusonubIe umounL Is u duLy on LIe doers oI good.

!"#$musiu3] is someone with a lot of wealth.


!"#$muqtiru] is someone with a little amount of wealth.


S/ ")/ '&001'/7 ,1 4*@/ 1&) '01&'/' 4*2,' "37 ,)/", ,(/% 2"*)#= ", "## ,*%/'9 C11+ ", (16 BCCBD
,/"5(/' &' ,1 7/"# 6*,( " 7*@1)5/9 :(/ ,61 21)%/) '01&'/' ")/ '&001'/7 ,1 0"), 13 4117 ,/)%'? 7/"#*34
6*,( /"5( 1,(/) *3 "3 &0)*4(, "37 %",&)/ %"33/)? 2/")*34 BCCBD9 BCCBD /@/3 51%%"37' ,(/ %"3
*3 ,(*' "="( ,1 4*@/ (/) " 4*2,' 1) 4*2,' "551)7*34 ,1 (*' %/"3'9 :(*' *' ,(/ #/"', ,(/= 7/'/)@/ "2,/) 8/*34
0&, ,()1&4( ,(/ ,&)%1*# 12 8/*34 %"))*/7 "37 ,(/3 7*@1)5/79 :(*' *' @/)= /%1,*13"# 13 ,(/ 61%/3
/'0/5*"##=9

%&'( "*-
222

!"#$%& (#)&
And II you dIvorce LIem beIore you Iuve LoucIed (Iud u sexuuI reIuLIon wILI)
LIem, und you Iuve uppoInLed unLo LIem LIe MuIr (brIduI money gIven by LIe
Iusbunds Lo IIs wIIe uL LIe LIme oI murrIuge), LIen puy IuII oI LIuL (MuIr), unIess
LIey (LIe women) ugree Lo Iorego IL, or Ie (LIe Iusbund), In wIose Iunds Is LIe
murrIuge LIe, ugrees Lo Iorego und gIve Ier IuII uppoInLed MuIr. And Lo Iorego und
gIve (Ier LIe IuII MuIr) Is neurer Lo AL-Tuqwu (pIeLy, rIgIL-eousness, eLc.). And do
noL IorgeL IIberuIILy beLween yourseIves. TruIy, AIIuI Is AII-Seer oI wIuL you do.

[wa laa tansawoo al$fadhla baynakum] meaning dont forget to


41 1&, 12 =1&) 6"= ,1 71 4117 ,(*34' 21) /"5( 1,(/) !*9/9 <1%0#*%/3,*34? 71*34 " +*37 "5, /,5999-9


is something you dont have to do but you go out of your way to do it. Its an excess of something that
you dont have to give but you do it anyways. This is the quality of

!"#$muhsinoona] as was
%/3,*13/7 *3 ,(/ 0)/@*1&' "="( Y

Z9
%&'( "*.

!"#$%& (#)&
223

Guurd sLrIcLIy (IIve obIIguLory) As-SuIuwuL (LIe pruyers) especIuIIy LIe mIddIe
SuIuL (I.e. LIe besL pruyer - 'Asr). And sLund beIore AIIuI wILI obedIence |und do
noL speuk Lo oLIers durIng LIe SuIuL (pruyers)|.

E3 ,(/'/ 0)/@*1&' "="", ,(/ ,(/%/ ("' 8//3 "81&, 7*@1)5/9 M16 *3 ,(/ %*77#/ 12 ,(*' ,(/%/ BCCBD
%/3,*13' ,(/ 18#*4",*13 12 0)/'/)@*34

!"'$'"#"",&-9

51%/' 2)1% ,(/ 61)7

!'*#",&3- 6(*5(
%/"3' connection. BCCBD "#'1 '"=' ,1 4&")7 /'0/5*"##= ,(/ %*77#/ 13/? %/"3*34 !B#$B')- 1) %/"3*34
,(/ 5133/5,*13 =1& ("@/ 6*,( BCCBD 8/,6//3 =1&) 0)"=/)'9 :(/ ,10*5 ("' 5("34/7 '&77/3#=9 [1&
61&#7 ,(*3+ ,(*' "="( 61&#7 8/ 8/,,/) '&*,/7 *3 "31,(/) 0#"5/ *3 ,(/ \&)"3 8&, BCCBD *' ,/"5(*34 &'
'1%/,(*34 (/)/9 U*@1)5/ '*43*2*/' ,(/ /37 12 " )/#",*13'(*09 D16/@/)? BCCBD %"+/' &' )/"#*A/ ,(", 6/
")/ 31, ,1 "##16 1&)'/#@/' ,1 #1'/ "31,(/) "37 %1)/ @"#&"8#/ )/#",*13'(*09 :(", *' ,(/ 5133/5,*13 6*,(
BCCBD ,()1&4( 1&) 0)"=/)9 E3 ,(*' #13/#= ,*%/ "2,/) 7*@1)5/ =1& 6*## 2*37 51%0"3= 6*,( BCCBD *3
,()1&4( =1&) 0)"=/) "37 18/7*/35/ ,1 DEN9
%&'( "*/

!"#$%& (#)&
And II you Ieur (un enemy), perIrom SuIuL (pruy) on IooL or rIdIng. And wIen you
ure In suIeLy, oIIer LIe SuIuL (pruyer) In LIe munner He Ius LuugIL you, wIIcI you
knew noL (beIore).

!)*P""#"3- 1)*4*3"##=

!)*P""#&3- *' ,(/ 0#&)"# 12

[raajilun] which is someone walking on


211,9

*' "#'1 ,(/ 0#&)"# 12 ,(/ 61)7

[rajulun] which means man.


224

[rukbaanan] originally

[rukbaanun] is the plural of the word

[raakibun] which means


" 0"''/34/)9
BCCBD ("' 51%%"37/7 &' (/)/ ,1 0)"= 13 211, 1) 6(*#/ 8/*34 " 0"''/34/) 13 '1%/ 21)% 12
,)"3'01),",*13 *2 6/ 2/") (")%9 S/ 0)"= *3 ,(/ ',",/ 6/ ")/ *3 7&/ ,1 ,(/ 2/") 12 (")% 51%*34 ,1 &'9
D16/@/)? *2 ,(", 2/") 41/' "6"= "37 6/ 2//# '"2/ "4"*3? ,(/3 6/ 0)"= *3 ,(/ %"33/) "' 6/ 31)%"##=
61&#7 719

%&'( "#0

!"#$%& (#)&
And LIose oI you wIo dIe und Ieuve beIInd wIves sIouId bequeuLI Ior LIeIr wIves
u yeur's muInLenunce und resIdence wILIouL LurnIng LIem ouL, buL II LIey (wIves)
Ieuve, LIere Is no sIn on you Ior LIuL wIIcI LIey do oI LIemseIves, provIded IL Is
IonourubIe (e.g. IuwIuI murrIuge). And AIIuI Is AII-MIgILy, AII-WIse. |TIe order
oI LIIs Verse Ius been cunceIIed (ubroguLed) by Verse q:1z|.

%&'( "#)
223

!"#$%& (#)&
And Ior dIvorced women, muInLenunce (sIouId be provIded) on reusonubIe
(scuIe). TIIs Is u duLy on AI-MuLLuqun (LIe pIous - see V.z:z).

%&'( "#"

!"#$%& (#)&
TIus AIIuI mukes cIeur HIs AyuL (uws) Lo you, In order LIuL you muy
undersLund.

]:(*' '/5,*13 12 F&)"( B#$^"I")"( )/4")7*34 2"%*#= #"6 !*9/9 7*@1)5/ /,59- ("' 316 5135#&7/79










226

Surah Baqarah Part 16

!"#$ &'(



)*+, Mutu -.#/0 012234.5 6+*7303*/
HuIIun Au Muttuqnu -.#/0 0*43.$" *2 6.*68. $9#$ 9#7. $#:;#<
=930 #"#9 30 #>*1$ $#?3/@ 4#+. *2 ,37*+4., ;*-./0 /*$ */8" >"
$9.3+ 2#-383.0 >1$ >" A08#-34 0$#$. $**<



!/, 83?. $9#$5 !88#9 -#?.0 B30 -3+#418*10 03@/0 48.#+ 0* 6.+9#60
$9." -#" @.$ #/ 1/,.+0$#/,3/@< C&D&'&E




!"#9 &'FD

227




Dd not ou ooI to tIosc uIo cunc out o tIc Ioncs n
tIousunds out o cu o dcutI.
TIs s tIc Isto o Hun Isuc, Jcusucn. VIcn stutc o Isuc
uus conquccd. TIs uus tIc st tnc tIc ucc conquccd und
ucc u dcstocd . Lots o tIcn n tIousunds ucc tuIcn us
suucs to HuIonu (Iuq). AuI sus tIut AuI cuuscd tIcn to
dc

Sunnu AIuIun und tIcn Hc (AuI) IougIt tIcn IucI to c.
OtIcs su AuI nudc tIc Icuts to dc, ncunng tIut gcncuton
Ius no couugc to stund u, und tIcn tIc ncxt gcncuton uus
uscd to c uIo Iud tIc st to gIt n tIc uu o AuI(ST)

InnuuIu u-dhu fadlin alannaasi means
AuI s tIc osscsso o tcncndous uuo

VuuInnu uIsuunnus uusIIuoon -.#/0
However, most people they dont show gratitude.


!"#9 &''D
228




Vuqutu cc suIuI -.#/0 #/, 23@9$ 3/ $9. 6#$9 *2 !88#9<
!/, "*1 9#, >.$$.+ ?/*;/ $9#$ !88#9 30 #88 9.#+3/@ #88 ?/*;3/@
G.2.+./4. D !88#9 30 -#?3/@ +.2.+./4. #>*1$ $9*0. ;9* #88 8.2$
$9.3+ 9*-.0 $* 23@9$ 2*+ $9. 0#?. *2 !88#9 >1$ $9." ,idnt fight
.H4.6$ 2.;<













!"#9 &'ID

229



Munzuuz YuIduuIu Iudun Iusunu "#$ "%&& '%() *&&+# +
,)+-.%/-& &$+0 1$ 2) 3+0 %034)+1) %. /$4 2%5 + '4)+.
%034)+1)6 +07 *&&+# %1 .#) 80) "#$ #$&71 +07 '%()1 +07 .$
2%5 9$- "%&& 4).-40:

=930 30 */. *2 $9. 23+0$ .H6+.003*/0 3/ $9. :1+#/ $9.+. #+. 0.7.+#8
,322.+./$ .H6+.003*/0 $9#$ #+. @*3/@ $* >. 105 J10$ */. *2 $9. -*0$
common ones Allah asking a good loan an open ended loan.
Inuq -.#/0 K*#/
!88#9 30 #0?3/@ Inuq /*$ J10$ 3/ $.+-0 *2 @**,0 >1$ *2 832. #80*<
!88#9 CL=E 30 #0?3/@ 10 $* 06./, *1+ $3-.5 -*/."5 ./.+@"5 4#+..+
in the way of Allah and he says it is a loan. Ill pay you back.
)9.+.#05 #0 # >.83.7.+ ;. 09*18, 09*; *1+ 8*"#83$"5 @+#$3$1,. $*
!88#9< ). 09*18, J10$ @37.5 >1$ B. 10.0 $9. ;*+,
YuIduuIu Iudun Iusunu, guc AuI tIc good oun.
A$ -#?.0 $9. 6.+0*/ $9. >.83.7.+ 49.4? 930 *;/ 3/$.@+3$" 9*; 4#/
!88#9 #0? 2*+ # 8*#/5 ;9./ .7.+"$93/@ ;. *;/ >.8*/@0 $* !88#9
*/8"<
=9./ B. ;388 -18$368" $9#$ 8*#/ -18$368. 2*8,0 *7.+<

VuuIo YuIIDu uuuIsut uu-uI tuuoon -.#/0
!/, !88#9 4#/ 0$+.$49 #/, .H6#/,< M.*68. @37. +3N: 3/ $9. ;#" *2
!88#9 #/, !88#9 3/ +.$1+/ 3/4+.#0.0 $9. *66*+$1/3$3.0 *2 @#3/3/@
;.#8$9 2*+ $9.-<

230

L=!=OPOQ= P!RO ST SG< Q!U V ;*;
!88#9 CL=E @37.0 10 +3N: 0* $9#$ ;. 4#/ 06./, 2+*- 3$ #/, .#+/ *1+
W#//#9< =9. >.0$ 10. ;. 4#/ ,* ;3$9 *1+ -*/." 30 $* .#+/ *1+
!?93+#9 C/.H$ 832.E 2+*- 3$<
This helps us understand Prophet Muhammads (pbuh)
0$#$.-./$ #80* ).#8$9 /.7.+ ,.4+.#0.0 >" 06./,3/@ 3/ $9. ;#" *2
!88#95 *+ >" L#,#:#9 CX9#+3$"E

VuuIu YuIIdu -.#/0 !88#9 $#?.0 #;#"
YuIsutu -.#/0 !88#9 .H6#/,0


*9+# ;<=>



R3, /*$ "*1 8**? $* $9. 493.2 *2 S#/3 A0+#.8 #2$.+ P10# C!LE ;#0
@*/.< )9./ $9." 0#3, $* # 6+*69.$
NuIn -.#/0 $9.3+ 6+*69.$<

231

VI do ou not uont u Gcncu o us. Undc Is cudcsI uc
uoud gIt n tIc utI o AuI.

TIcn Hc sud s t ossIc tIut gItng s uttcn on to ou und
then you wont fight. They said what would be wrong with us
why do you think we wouldnt be fighting in the uu o AuI und
uc Iuuc Iccn cxccd uuu on ou Ioncs und ou cIdcn.
TIcn uIcn gItng uus nuct cscIcd onto tIcn, tIc tuncd
uuu cxcct uc cu.

*9+# ;<?>

%<E 52>70 40;A2>5 Y"1K/>9 ffZ D17E 5; 52>Ka gR<E>>E %99h2 21D 1AA;7<5>E M19i5 Y"1/9Z 1D 1 C7<?
;T>0 @;/\g M2>@ D17Ea g&;F =1< 2> 8> 1 C7<? ;T>0 /D F2>< F> 10> 8>55>0 B755>E 521< 27K B;0 52>
C7<?E;Ka 1<E 2> 21D <;5 8>>< ?7T>< ><;/?2 F>1952\g &> D17EG gj>079@a %99h2 21D =2;D>< 27K 18;T>
@;/ 1<E 21D 7<=0>1D>E 27K 18/<E1<59@ 7< C<;F9>E?> 1<E D515/0>\ %<E %99h2 ?01<5D &7D U7<?E;K 5;
F2;K &> F799D\ %<E %99h2 7D %99-"/BB7=7><5 B;0 &7D =0>15/0>Dk <>>EDa %99-U<;F>0\g


TIc PoIct sud to tIcn tIut (@++&A .#) ,%,&%3+& 0+5) %1 @++&6
B*CDB E@+5-)&A #%1 0+5) %1 )FG&%3%.9 5)0.%$0)7 %0 .#)
H-4+0 +07 1-00+# Ius Iccn uontcd us ou gcncu I
AuI(ST)

AuI Ius cctun uontcd B+&-. 2*+ "*1 #0 # @./.+#8<
=9." 0#3,5 9*; 4*-. ,* "*1 $93/? 9. 30 @*3/@ $* +18. *7.+ 10 *+
9#7. #/ #1$9*+3$" *7.+ 10Y !/, $9#$ ;. #+. 2#+ -*+. >.$$.+ $9#/
232

93-< !/, 9. doesnt even have lot of in terms of wealth. He said
/* ,*1>$ #>*1$ 3$5 !88#9 CL=E 9#0 0.8.4$., 93- *7.+ "*1<
=9. ;*+, 10., 9.+. 2*+ 49**03/@ 30 Istifa.
Istu is when you choose someone purely on your own accord.
Exunuton uIcn t s o ou oun ots o ntccsts und uIcn
no ogcu cxunutons uc ncccssu.
PoIct sus to Hun Isuc tIut ou Iuuc no su no utonu tIut
suts ou ntccctuu cuost, uI Ic Ius Iccn cIcd. TIs s
purely Allahs choice.
And uIouc und Icond tIut even thought thats not the reason
AuI Ius cIcd In. AuI Ius gucn In ot o Iscu stcngtI
und uustncss n Is Inoucdgc. Hc s stong und cxudcs
condcncc. Hc snIozcs stcngtI too.
AuI gucs Is donnon to uIosocuc Ic uunts. And AuI s u
cnconussng u InoucdgcuIc. Hc Inous tIc cntc ouuton
und Hc nuIcs tIc gIt dccsons.. And tIc PoIct sud to tIcn
u sgn o Is cgtnutc donnon u Ic tIut ou ost tcusuc
cIcst u conc IucI to ou.

I)/)4)03)
VIcn tIc Suns dcstocd tIc cus und tIc dcstocd Musd
A Aqsu, stu o Musu (AS), tIc TuIcts tIut ucc cucucd I
AuI, tIc tooI tIcsc tIngs us souucncs o tIc ucto ouc
Hun Isuc.



*9+# ;<J>

233


%<E 52>70 40;A2>5 Y"1K/>9 ffZ D17E 5; 52>KG j>079@l M2> D7?< ;B &7D U7<?E;K 7D 5215 52>0> D2199
=;K> 5; @;/ !4PEe5f4 Y1 F;;E>< 8;XZa F2>0>7< 7D U#9.-#$
mn
YA>1=> 1<E 0>1DD/01<=>Z B0;K @;/0
I;0E 1<E 1 0>K<1<5 ;B 5215 F27=2 J/Dh YJ;D>DZ 1<E &h0i< Y%10;<Z 9>B5 8>27<Ea =1007>E 8@ 52>
1<?>9D\ j>079@a 7< 527D 7D 1 D7?< B;0 @;/ 7B @;/ 10> 7<E>>E 8>97>T>0D\

It uus tIc tcusuc cIcst o Hun Isuc. In tIut cIcst tIcc u Ic
sccu tunqut o tIc Iccucs o Musu (AS), Huoon (AS).
TIc utI uscd to nccusc I tIosc tIngs. TIc Iuuc n t tIc
cnuns o un o Musu (AS), un o Huoon (AS) ct IcInd.
Angcs ucc cung t. In tIut csccu tIcc s u cu scous
sgn o u o ou nuct ou uc Iccucs.




*9+# ;<K>

234


M2>< F2>< M19i5 Y"1/9Z D>5 ;/5 F752 52> 10K@a 2> D17EG gj>079@l %99h2 F799 50@ @;/ 8@ 1 07T>0\ ";
F2;>T>0 E07<CD 52>0>;Ba 2> 7D <;5 ;B K>a 1<E F2;>T>0 51D5>D 75 <;5a 2> 7D ;B K>a >X=>A5 27K F2;
51C>D Y52>0>;BZ 7< 52> 2;99;F ;B 27D 21<E\g )>5a 52>@ E01<C 52>0>;Ba 199a >X=>A5 1 B>F ;B 52>K\ ";
F2>< 2> 21E =0;DD>E 75 Y52> 07T>0Za 2> 1<E 52;D> F2; 8>97>T>E F752 27Ka 52>@ D17EG gP> 21T> <;
A;F>0 527D E1@ 1?17<D5 ]19i5 YL;97152Z 1<E 27D 2;D5D\g '/5 52;D> F2; C<>F F752 =>0517<5@ 5215 52>@
F>0> 5; K>>5 52>70 I;0Ea D17EG g&;F ;B5>< 1 DK199 ?0;/A ;T>0=1K> 1 K7?25@ 2;D5 8@ %99h2kD
I>1T>Qg %<E %99h2 7D F752 !:PUe5.3.- Y52> A157><5 ;<>Da >5=\Z\

And tIcn Tuut ucnt ouud utI Is Ancs. It Ius Iccn sud
tIut AuI u tcst ou utI u uc.
TIc An coc dd not cut o tIc couc o dus. TIc ucc
tIst, tcd, uIcn tIc uc cunc n tIc uu tIc Tuut (AS) sud
uIocuc dnIs on t u not Ic on nc. TIs u Ic tIc tcst o
ou out. Hou uc ou dscnc s. Vutc s n ont o ou
and your are not going to touch it. And whoever doesnt consunc
on t s on nc. Excct tIc onc uIo tuIcs u It on t n Is
Iund und ss t. Hut nost o tIc coc on Is un dunI on
t und on cu o tIcn ct IcInd. As u csut o tIut uIcn tIc
suu u Iugc cct o An conng touuds tIcn tIc sud uc Iuuc
no ouc uIutsocuc, tIcc s nouu uc cun un on tIcn.
DnIng on tIut uutc dcstocd tIc nouc. TIc tuncd tIc
IucI nto Iuttc und Iccunc couuds.


233

*9+# ;LM>



%<E F2>< 52>@ 1ET1<=>E 5; K>>5 ]19i5 YL;97152Z 1<E 27D B;0=>Da 52>@ 7<T;C>EG g[/0 I;0El 4;/0
B;052 ;< /D A157><=> 1<E K1C> /D T7=5;07;/D ;T>0 52> E7D8>97>T7<? A>;A9>\g

Who didnt drink from the water, those who were convinced, fully
condcnt to Ic ncctng utI AuI. AuI s utI tIosc uIo Iuuc
suI (utcncc)
TIc Iccucs sud ou utcncc on to us.

MuIc ou cct n und ud us ugunst tIc dsIccung nuton
Hsto ccutcd tsc, Musns stundng n tIc uu o AuI to
gIt utI tIc dsIccucs. TIc ooncnts uc u cqucd, noc
n nunIc utI suods und sIcds, und tIc uc suoscd to
cnnd tIcnscucs o oung utcncc und ud us ugunst
dsIccung nuton.


*9+# ;LN>



236

TIcn AuI scnt Duuud (AS) tIc SIcIcd us u Ic to Tuut (AS).
Hc uus ccct n Is sng sIots. Duuud (AS) cd Is sng sIot
und tIc ooncnts cudc dcd on tIc sot und tIc un
couscd. It utIc cnouccd tIc Iccung un. So Duuud
(AS) Iccunc tIc Ico o tIc Iuttc. And AuI (ST) guuc In
donnon und ouc. And Hc tuugIt In usdon.
Vsdon us u Huc, us u Judgc. AuI tuugIt Duuud (AS) tIc
usc tIut Ic uuntcd. Mountuns und Ids uscd to sng uong
utI In.

It s n tIc Iunds o AuI to Ing onc nuton to sc und tIc otIc
to fall, its not in the hands of people. If that didnt Iucn tIcn
tIc cntc cutI uoud Ic conctc coutcd. Onc nuton uoud
Iuuc donnutcd tIc uIoc uod. So AuI Iccs nutons to u sc
und uIcn tIc Icconc cout tIcn Hc nuIcs tIcn to u, dccnc
und Hc Ings unotIc nuton to sc n tIc uod.
TIc nun tIng s AuI s tIc osscsso o gcut uuos to u
nutons.


*9+# ;L;>



B#$1) +4) .#) 5%4+3-&$-1 1%'01 .#+. 2) 1#$" .$ 9$- $0
G-4G$1): *07 9$- EO4$G#). P-#+55+7A +4) 0$ 7$-,. /4$5
.#$1) "#$ #+() ,))0 1)0. E+1 + P)11)0')4A:

TIc Isto o Hun Isuc uus on Inoun to sonc o tIc gcut
scIous. So tIs conucsuton uIout Tuut (AS), Juut, tIc uc,
237

sonc o tIcn dunI. TIcn AuI guuc tIcn Ingdon. TIcsc uc
uc ntcutc dctus uIout Hun Isuc uIcI uc cxuncd n
uIout JUU-4UU ugcs o cIutcs o Isto uIcI AuI (ST) Ius
cxuncd tIcn so nc n uun n ust J-4 uuts.
AuI (ST) sus tIcsc uuts uc uc cudng tIcn onto ou. Vc
nuIc ou to cud tIosc uuts. TIcc s nouu ou uoud Inou
tIcsc dctus o Hun Isuc cxcct tIut ou uc on uIo Iud Iccn
sent and validates the authenticity of Allahs messenger(SAWS). It
doesnt mean that we do not have respect for Allahs previous
ncsscngc. Vc Iono tIcn too.
AuI sus TIosc uc u tIc ncsscngcs uc uuocd sonc ouc
other. We gave them special honor that we didnt give to others ,
but they all are messengers of Allah. We say that we dont make
tuccI Ictuccn tIc PoIcts . AuI Insc sus uc guuc uuo
to sonc oIcts ouc otIcs.

LIc Musu (AS) uscd to tuI utI AuI. And uc usc otIc
oIcts n otIc uus. AuI (ST) guuc PoIct Isu (AS) tIc son
o Muun u Inds o ccu oos. AuI udcd Isu (AS) utI
HuI-qudus tIc ooI o tIc sunctcd.
TIc PoIcts o AuI ncuc sIoucd dsugccncnt utI cucI otIc.

Houcuc coc c nto dsugccncnt. Hun Isuc s tIc cxunc
o u Iununt. TIc u nto dsugccncnt. Hut n tIcn tIcc
uc coc uIo cu Iccucs und unong tIcn uIo cu
dsIccuc.

And Hud AuI (ST) uuntcd tIc uoud ncuc cuc Iuuc ougIt. No
gItng uoud Iuuc Iucncd ut u. Houcuc AuI docs
uIutcuc Ic uunts, ntcnds to do.


238


Suratul Baqarah #17 Notes
(Ayatul Kursi included in this part)

Ayah 253:

1hose messengers - some of Lhem We caused Lo exceed oLhers. Among Lhem were Lhose Lo whom
Allah spoke, and Pe ralsed some of Lhem ln degree. And We gave !esus, Lhe Son of Mary, clear
proofs, and We supporLed hlm wlLh Lhe ure SplrlL. lf Allah had wllled, Lhose [generaLlons]
succeedlng Lhem would noL have foughL each oLher afLer Lhe clear proofs had come Lo Lhem. 8uL
Lhey dlffered, and some of Lhem belleved and some of Lhem dlsbelleved. And lf Allah had wllled,
Lhey would noL have foughL each oLher, buL Allah does whaL Pe lnLends.

(Tafdheelun) = To give someone a higher rank or preference.


(Tafreequn) comes from the verb

(farraqa) and in this surah means to say for


example I believe in prophet A,B,C, & D but not E. (this is criticized by Allah)

(bayyinaatun) = Clear proofs


(qatala) = To kill/To fight


(iqtatala) = To fight oneself



(qaffa) = To strengthen and reinforce




239


Ayah 254:

C you who have belleved, spend from LhaL whlch We have provlded for you before Lhere comes a
uay ln whlch Lhere ls no exchange and no frlendshlp and no lnLercesslon. And Lhe dlsbellevers - Lhey
are Lhe wrongdoers.

(Aamana) = To believe

(kafara) = To disbelieve

(kaafiroona) = Disbelievers

(Shafaaa3tun) = Intercession

(Thulm) = is to put something where it doesnt belong.
















240

Ayah 255 (Ayat ul Kursi)

Allah - Lhere ls no god excepL Plm, Lhe Lver-Llvlng, Lhe SusLalner of [all] exlsLence. nelLher
drowslness overLakes Plm nor sleep. 1o Plm belongs whaLever ls ln Lhe heavens and whaLever ls on
Lhe earLh. Who ls lL LhaL can lnLercede wlLh Plm excepL by Pls permlsslon? Pe knows whaL ls
[presenLly] before Lhem and whaL wlll be afLer Lhem, and Lhey encompass noL a Lhlng of Pls
knowledge excepL for whaL Pe wllls. Pls kursl exLends over Lhe heavens and Lhe earLh, and Lhelr
preservaLlon Llres Plm noL. And Pe ls Lhe MosL Plgh, Lhe MosL CreaL.

(aliha-yalahu) = To love someone/something, To lean on someone


(Ilaahun) = An entitiy that demands obedience, love, and worship.



(Al-Hayyu) - The Living (the alif and lam attached to the word here shows that ALLAH
is saying that there is no other living thing in reality except HIM. Because all life that exists
other than HIM was created by HIM.)

(Al-Qayyoom) This is the hyperbolized form of

(Qaaimun), The One who


continually and is extremely engaged in keeping things standing. For example
means someone who is watching over something and making sure it stays intact. ALLAH is
constantly watching over all of existence making sure it doesnt fall apart. The word

is
temporary and

is excessive and permanent.



(Sinatun) Is sleepiness, drowsiness, slumber. That which comes before sleep. This is a
result of tiredness.

(Nawmun) Sleep.
(ma) Whatever and Whomever.
241

(man + tha + Allathee) - Who else?! Here ALLAH is challenging anyone to step
forward and try to make

(Shafaaa3tun/Intercession). If you take the meaning of to


mean this then its as if ALLAH is saying while addressing the creation Who is this?! Do
you think this one is going to make intercession for you and make a case for you?!

(Illa) - Except

(Beithneehee = ba+ithn+hu) = With His permission.



comes from the verb

which means to encompass or encircle something. Here


ALLAH says "

They cannot encompass or encircle anything from HIS knowledge.


(Kurseeyuhu) His throne.



(la yauduhu) It doesnt make him tired. The verb (aada) means to be tired from
watching something for a long period of time.

(Hifthuhuma) Their guarding/protection. Referring to the samaawaat wal ardh (the


heavens and the earth).

(Al-Aleeyyu) -The High, The Ultimately High.


Adheem the Firm & Strong (ADhm refers to a tough bone due to its physical strength)


Ayah 256:

1here shall be no compulslon ln [accepLance of] Lhe rellglon. 1he rlghL course has become clear from
Lhe wrong. So whoever dlsbelleves ln 1aghuL and belleves ln Allah has grasped Lhe mosL LrusLworLhy
handhold wlLh no break ln lL. And Allah ls Pearlng and knowlng.

(Akraha-Yukrihu- Ikraahun) To make someone do something they hate, to


force them.

(tabayyana) To become clear.


242


(Ar-rushdu) The clear straight path without flaw.


(Al-Ghayyu) The crooked path



(Taaghoot) This is the hyperbolized form of

(Taaghin). So is any
institution, any entity, person, philosophy, government that calls someone to rebel against
the commands of ALLAH for the sake of rebellion.

means to rebel, rebel for no


motivation except that you want to defy authority.
(u3rwatun) - an anchor and its chain belonging to a ship. The strongest type chain and
anchor. Some scholars say is the Quran.

(infesaam) break.

- It will have (meaning the chain and anchor) no break or flaw in it whatsoever.


"/012 '131012 Y4105 *^Z

2:237: "Allah has become Lhe wall of Lhose who belleve"




Allob ls tbe olly of tbose wbo belleve. ne btloqs tbem oot ftom Jotkoesses loto tbe llqbt. AoJ tbose
wbo Jlsbelleve - tbelt ollles ote 1oqbot. 1bey toke tbem oot of tbe llqbt loto Jotkoesses. 1bose ote
tbe compooloos of tbe llte, tbey wlll oblJe etetoolly tbetelo.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>



1. WhaL ls Lhe dlfference beLween wall and maula?
243

Cne ls proLecLlve whlle Lhe oLher ls 'proLecLlng', respecLlvely. 1he person who has Lhe otqe Lo
proLecL someone ls descrlbed as a wall, l.e. a moLher can be proLecLlve of her chlld buL LhaL doesn'L
necessarlly mean LhaL Lhe chlld ls free of danger. Wall descrlbes a person wlLh a proLecLlve aLLlLude
1hls ls conLrasLed wlLh maula, someone who ls engaged ln acLual proLecLlon of a person. ln Lhe case
of Lhe bellever, Allah ls Lhelr wall and Lhelr maula. ln Lhe case of Lhe mushrlk Lhelr wall are Lhe
LaghuL, buL Lhey have no maula (47:11). 8ellevers have acLual proLecLlon from Allah, buL dlsbellevers
don'L.

2. 1he comparlson here ls Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween Lhe bellever and Allah and Lhe relaLlonshlp
beLween Lhe dlsbellever and Lhelr LaghuL. ln Lhe relaLlonshlp of Lhe bellever, Allah ls 'prlmary',
l.e. Pe ls ln Lhe sLronger poslLlon of Lhe relaLlonshlp. ln Lhe relaLlonshlp of Lhe dlsbellever,
llkewlse, Lhelr LaghuL ls prlmary, l.e. glven Lhe sLronger poslLlon.
Powever, noLlce LhaL when Allah descrlbes Plmself as Lhe wall of Lhe bellever, Pe menLlons
hlmself flrsL. When Allah descrlbes Lhe LaghuL as Lhe wall, he menLlons LaghuL second. 1hough
Allah compares Lhe Lwo dlfferenL relaLlonshlps, LaghuL are noL deservlng of comparlson Lo
Allah.

3. Allah ls Lhe one who cootloooosly temoves (yukhrl[ ls ln Lhe presenL Lense) Lhe one who
belleves from dhulumaaL Lo an-noor
1aghuL here are descrlbed as mulLlple awllya (slnce LaghuL can Lake several forms: eg. prlesLs
who mlslead). 1hey are Lhe ones who cootloooosly temove (yukhrl[ ln presenL Lense agaln) Lhe
people from an-nur Lo dhulumaaL.


2:238:



nove yoo oot cooslJeteJ tbe ooe wbo otqoeJ wltb Abtobom oboot bls lotJ jmetely] becoose Allob
boJ qlveo blm kloqsblp? wbeo Abtobom solJ, "My lotJ ls tbe ooe wbo qlves llfe ooJ cooses Jeotb,"
be solJ, "l qlve llfe ooJ coose Jeotb." Abtobom solJ, "loJeeJ, Allob btloqs op tbe soo ftom tbe eost,
so btloq lt op ftom tbe west." 5o tbe Jlsbellevet wos ovetwbelmeJ jby ostoolsbmeot], ooJ Allob Joes
oot qolJe tbe wtooqJoloq people.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>

1. 1he prevlous ayahs descrlbed Lhe 'Lheory' of Lhose who keep Allah as Lhelr proLecLor. Pere,
we see an example of a person who grasped 'Lhe mosL LrusLworLhy handhold' (as was
menLloned ln ayah 236).

244

2. SLory of lbraheem AS serves as an example. klngs may feel LhaL Lhey are Lhe ones susLalnlng
a counLry and lLs llfe. So namrud says, "Ana uhyee wa umeeL" alLhough Lhe ayaL-ul-kursl sald
Allah ls al-hayy
3. 1he wrongdoer, here, ls noL gulded desplLe knowlng LhaL only Allah can make Lhe sun rlde
from Lhe wesL.















2:239:



Ot jcooslJet socb oo exomple] os tbe ooe wbo posseJ by o towosblp wblcb boJ folleo loto tolo. ne
solJ, "now wlll Allob btloq tbls to llfe oftet lts Jeotb?" 5o Allob cooseJ blm to Jle fot o booJteJ yeots,
tbeo ne tevlveJ blm. ne solJ, "now looq bove yoo temoloeJ?" 1be moo solJ, "l bove temoloeJ o Joy
ot pott of o Joy." ne solJ, "kotbet, yoo bove temoloeJ ooe booJteJ yeots. look ot yoot fooJ ooJ
yoot Jtlok, lt bos oot cbooqeJ wltb tlme. AoJ look ot yoot Jookey, ooJ we wlll moke yoo o slqo fot
tbe people. AoJ look ot tbe booes jof tbls Jookey] - bow we tolse tbem ooJ tbeo we covet tbem wltb
flesb." AoJ wbeo lt become cleot to blm, be solJ, "l koow tbot Allob ls ovet oll tbloqs competeot."
243


asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>


1. Some hlsLory: 8abylonlans aLLacked lsrael. Palf Lhe populaLlon was kllled, Lhe oLher half was
Laken capLlve. !erusalem was lefL deserLed. "khaawlyaLun alaa urooshlha" shows Lhe
expresslon LhaL Lhe roofs had sLarLed cavlng ln - l.e.deserLed for a long Llme. ln one expresslon,
Lhe Curan shows lmagery of Lhe desLrucLlon and shows how long Lhe Lown was deserLed for.

2. uzalr AS asks: Pow wlll Allah brlng 'Lhls' back Lo llfe? So Allah gave deaLh Lo uzalr AS. 1hen
asked kam lablLh? Allah - "you sLayed here for a hundred years. Look Lowards your food and
drlnk. SLlll fresh.
1hls happened ln fronL of uzalr AS ln order LhaL he may become an ayah for Lhe people. AfLer
seelng Lhls, hls lman became very sLrong, and he became an lnsplraLlon for Lhe people. "Look
Lo your donkey". 1he donkey's skeleLon was abrupLly ralsed ('nunshlzuha') and Lhe flesh
cloLhed lL ln fronL of uzalr AS. 1hen lL became absoluLely clear Lo hlm LhaL Allah can brlng
Lhlngs back Lo llfe.
2:260:



AoJ jmeotloo] wbeo Abtobom solJ, "My lotJ, sbow me bow oo qlve llfe to tbe JeoJ." j Allob ] solJ,
"nove yoo oot belleveJ?" ne solJ, "es, bot jl osk] ooly tbot my beott moy be sotlsfleJ." j Allob ] solJ,
"1oke foot bltJs ooJ commlt tbem to yootself. 1beo joftet slooqbtetloq tbem] pot oo eocb blll o
pottloo of tbem, tbeo coll tbem - tbey wlll come jflyloq] to yoo lo boste. AoJ koow tbot Allob ls
xolteJ lo Mlqbt ooJ wlse."

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>


lbraheem AS asks Allah how he brlngs Lhlngs Lo llfe. lbraheem AS ls asked Lo Lraln four blrds, Lhen
spread Lhe pleces across Lhe 4 mounLalns. Pe Lhen gave a call Lo Lhem (slnce he Lralned Lhem) and
Lhey all came runnlng Lo hlm.
So he sees Lhem all puL LogeLher, he reallzes LhaL Allah has conLrol over everyLhlng.



2:261:

246


1be exomple of tbose wbo speoJ tbelt weoltb lo tbe woy of Allob ls llke o seeJ jof qtolo] wblcb qtows
seveo splkes, lo eocb splke ls o booJteJ qtolos. AoJ Allob moltlplles jnls tewotJ] fot wbom ne wllls.
AoJ Allob ls oll-ocompossloq ooJ koowloq.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>

1. now, flnances are dlscussed ln Lhls Surah. Pow ls Lhls connecLed Lo Lhe prevlous few surahs?
1hese verses now concern a person who ls a bellever who ls now saLlsfled ln Lerms of Lhelr
lman. now, Lhey are concerned wlLh how Lhey are golng Lo lnvesL Lhelr money and efforL for
Lhe sake of Allah. 8esL Lhlng Lo do ln Lerms of flnance: spend ln Lhe paLh of Allah. WorsL: spend
ln rlba. 1hen afLer LhaL, halal loan LransacLlons are dlscussed for Lhe resL of Lhe surah.
2. 1he example of Lhe one who glves ln Lhe paLh of Allah ls llke Lhe one who planLs a graln. 1o
see Lhe resulLs rlghL afLer LhaL Lakes a loL of Llme. And Lhe same ls Lhe case wlLh Lhe one who
lnvesLs for Lhe sake of Allah. 1haL person would noL see resulLs rlghL away.
3. 8uL whaL grows from LhaL lnlLlal graln? Seven ears of graln grow from LhaL one graln. 1hen ln
each of Lhose ears are 100 gralns (700 gralns). WhaL Lhls means ls LhaL Allah also glves rlzq Lo
Lhe one who glves ln Lhe paLh of Allah. Allah expands Lhe rlzq of whoever he wanLs.

4. WhaL's slgnlflcanL ls Lhe facL LhaL Lhere are Lwo plurals for sunbulah (eot of qtolo): Sanabll
and sunbulaaL.

Sanabll ls Lhe !am'u kaLhra - a hyperbollzed plural. lL ls approprlaLe ln Lhls surah slnce Allah ls
moltlplyloq and moltlplyloq Lhe reward of Lhe one who glves ln hls cause.

SunbulaaL ls Lhe !am'u Clllah - mlnlmal plural. l.e. less Lhan Lhe hyperbollzed plural. 1hls ls
menLloned ln Surah ?usuf, who lnLerpreLed seven ears of graln ln a person's dream. 1he ldea
here ls LhaL Lhe raLlon of ears of graln ls llmlteJ.

3. Allah mulLlplles hls reward for who he wlshes, so 700 gralns are no llmlL for Allah.



2:262:


247


1bose wbo speoJ tbelt weoltb lo tbe woy of Allob ooJ tbeo Jo oot follow op wbot tbey bove speot
wltb temloJets jof lt] ot jotbet] lojoty wlll bove tbelt tewotJ wltb tbelt lotJ, ooJ tbete wlll be oo feot
coocetoloq tbem, oot wlll tbey qtleve.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/237-262>


1. Cne should never lmpose Lhelr favours on oLhers, especlally ln Lhe case of sadaqah! 1o noL
lmpose favours enLalls a reward from Allah.
VOCABULARY

wall 5omeooe wbo ls ptotectlve. lL deplcLs more of an aLLlLude. [conLrasL wlLh maula]
maula ltotectot. someone who engages ln acLual proLecLlon. 1he word deplcLs more of an
acLlon, noL aLLlLude. [conLrasL wlLh wall]
LablLha 5toy somewbete fot o looq tlme
nushuz Abtoptly tolsloq sometbloq (used ln Lhls conLexL Lo show how Lhe bones were abrupLly
ralsed from Lhe soll and laLer dressed wlLh flesh ln Lhe sLory of uzalr AS)
Pabbah Ctolo. 1he example of glvlng ln Lhe paLh of Allah ls llke planLlng a graln.
Sanabll eots of qtolo
lural1 of sunbulah - used ln Surah 8aqara.
!am'u kaLhra - hyperbollzed plural. Pere Lhe conLexL ls LhaL of Allah who mulLlplles and
mulLlplles.
sunbulaaL eots of qtolo
lural2 of sunbulah - used ln Surah ?usuf.
!am'u Clllah - less. 1he sLory here relaLes Lo llmlLed raLlon of graln.










248


Ayahs ",#!"-,

%&'( ",#

!"#$%& (#)&
O you wIo beIIeve! Do noL render In vuIn your SuduquI (cIurILy) by remInders oI
your generosILy or by Injury, IIke IIm wIo spends IIs weuILI Lo be seen oI men,
und Ie does noL beIIeve In AIIuI, nor In LIe usL Duy. HIs IIkeness Is LIe IIkeness
oI u smooLI rock on wIIcI Is u IILLIe dusL; on IL IuIIs Ieuvy ruIn wIIcI Ieuves IL
bure. TIey ure noL ubIe Lo do unyLIIng wILI wIuL LIey Iuve eurned. And AIIuI
does noL guIde LIe dIsbeIIevIng peopIe.

249

[safwaanun] is a large boulder.


[waabilun] is heavy rain.


[saldun] means bald.


F1? BCCBD 4*@/' &' ,(/ 0")"8#/ 12 " #")4/ 81&#7/) 6(*5( 7&',G'1*# 4",(/)' 13 ,10 12 *,9 :(/3 *, 8/51%/'
4)//3 "37 51@/)' ,(/ )15+ '1 31 13/ +316' ,(", ,(/)/ *' " )15+ 8/3/",( *,9 :(/3 " (/"@= )"*3 51%/' "37
6"'(/' "6"= ,(/ 4)//3/)= "37 '1*# "37 ,(/)/21)/ /Q01'/' ,(/ )15+9 :(*' *' (16 BCCBD 7/0*5,' ,(/
'("##16 3",&)/ 12 ,(/ 13/ 6(1 '0/37' 8&, 3&##*2*/' ,(*' '0/37*34 8= '(16*34 122 /,59 D16/@/)? ,(/= 6*##
("@/ 31 513,)1# 1@/) 6(", ,(/= /")3/7 *3 ,(/ /379 :(/*) 7//7' 6*## 8/ 6"'(/7 "6"= "' ,(", 4)//3/)=
"37 '1*# 6"' 6"'(/7 "6"= 2)1% ,(/ ,10 12 ,(", )15+9 :(/)/ '(16*34 122 6*## 8/ /Q01'/7 "' ,(", )15+
6"'9 BCCBD /I&",/' ,(*' ,=0/ 12 ",,*,&7/ ,1 ,(", 12 _&2) !7*'8/#*/2-9 S(/3 13/ 7/@/#10' ,(/ ",,*,&7/ ,(",
,(/= ,(*3+ ,(/= "5,&"##= 163 ,(*' %13/= "37 ,(/= ")/ '0/37*34 '1%/,(*34 ,(/= 163 ,(/= ")/ 7/3=*34
,(/ 2"5, ,(", BCCBD *3 )/"#*,= *' :(/ J3/ 6(1 163' ,(*' 0)10/),= "37 ,(/= ")/ 13#= *3 2"5, '0/37*34
what HE has lent them. Also, the fact that they have that kind of attitude of imposing it on other is a
7/3*"# ,(", BCCBD *' :(/ J3/ 6(1 4*@/' B)$H*AI !'&',/3"35/- '1? ,(*' *' 6(= BCCBD ("' 5"##/7 ,(/%
disbelievers. With that said, we dont point fingers to "3=13/ 6(1 %"= '//% ,1 ("@/ ,(/'/ I&"#*,*/' "37
5"## ,(/% 7*'8/#*/@/)'9 :(*' *' '1%/,(*34 BCCBD "#13/ 5"3 P&74/ "37 D` 6*## ,"+/ /@/)=13/ ,1
"551&3, 21) ,(", 6(*5( ,(/= ("@/ '/3, 21),(9
%&'( ",+


!"#$%& (#)&
230

And LIe IIkeness oI LIose wIo spend LIeIr weuILI seekIng AIIuI's PIeusure wIIIe
LIey In LIeIr ownseIves ure sure und cerLuIn LIuL AIIuI wIII rewurd LIem (Ior LIeIr
spendIng In HIs Cuuse), Is LIe IIkeness oI u gurden on u IeIgIL; Ieuvy ruIn IuIIs on
IL und IL doubIes ILs yIeId oI IurvesL. And II IL does noL receIve Ieuvy ruIn, IIgIL
ruIn suIIIces IL. And AIIuI Is AII-Seer oI (knows weII) wIuL you do.

[mardhaatun] which literally means to be please over and over. So, this person is
'0/37*34 '*35/)/#= 21) ,(/ '"+/ 12 BCCBD '//+*34 ,1 0#/"'/ BCCBD 1@/) "37 1@/)9

!,",($8//,"3- 1)*4*3"##=

!,",($8//,&3- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 8&*#7 " 2*)%3/''9 :(*' @/)8"# 31&3


51%/' 2)1% ,(/ @/)8

!,("8$8","- 6(*5( *' ,1 %"+/ '1%/,(*34 2*)%9


So, these people who spend sincerely for ALLAHs sake ,1 '//+ ,1 %"+/ (*% ("00= 1@/) "37 1@/) 7&/
,(*' +316*34 ,(", ,(/= ")/ 0&,,*34 ,(/*) %13/= ,(", BCCBD ("' 4*@/3 ,(/% ,16")7' ,(/*) (/)/"2,/)9
:(/= +316 ,(/= ")/ P&', ,)"3'2/))*34 2&37' 2)1% " ,/%01)")= "551&3, ,1 "3 /,/)3"# 13/9

[rabwatun] is a @/)= (*4( %1&3,"*39


:(/'/ 0/10#/ 6(1 '0/37 6*,( ,(*' 51))/5, *3,/3,*13 ")/ #*+/ ,(", 12 " 4")7/3 13 " (*4( %1&3,"*39 :(/3
a heavy rain comes but it doesnt damage its greenery and beauty, it benefits it. As opposed to the
0/)'13 6/ P&', #/")3/7 "81&, 6(1 13#= '0/3, ,(/*) 6/"#,( ,1 '(16 122 /,59 "37 #11+ ", ,(/ 0")"8#/
BCCBD &'/7 21) ,(/% !*9/9 " 81&#7/) ,(", 6"' 51@/)/7 *3 4)//3/)= "37 ,(/3 8/51%/ 8"#79-9 F1 6/ '//
,(/ /Q"%0#/' 12 81,( ,=0/' 12 0/10#/ 6(1 ")/ 71*34 ,(/ '"%/ "5,*13 12 4*@*34 8&, ,(/*) *3,/3,*13' ")/
51%0#/,/#= 7*22/)/3,9 F1? '0/"+*34 "81&, ,(/ #",,/) "2,/) ,(/ (/"@= )"*3 2"## BCCBD '"='a Y

Z
%/"3*34 *, 0)17&5/7 !,(*' 4")7/3- ,6*5/ *,' =*/#79 F1%/ '5(1#")' *3,/)0)/,/7 *, ,1 %/"3 ,(", ,(1'/ 6(1
'0/37 *3 7*22*5&#, ,*%/' 4/, ,6*5/ ,(/ )/6")7 8/5"&'/ " (/"@= )"*3 2"## ("' 8//3 51%0")/7 ,1 "' "
7*22*5&#,=9 F1%/ 1,(/) '5(1#")' '"= ,(", ,(*' %/"3' ,(/= 41, %&5( %1)/ 1&, 12 ,(*' '0/37*34 12 ,(/*)' *3
,(/ (/)/"2,/) ,("3 ,(/= /Q0/5,/79
%&'( ",,
231


!"#$%& (#)&
WouId uny oI you wIsI Lo Iuve u gurden wILI duLe-puIms und vInes, wILI rIvers
IIowIng underneuLI, und uII kInds oI IruILs Ior IIm LIereIn, wIIIe Ie Is sLrIken
wILI oId uge, und IIs cIIIdren ure weuk (noL ubIe Lo Iook uILer LIemseIves), LIen IL
Is sLruck wILI u IIery wIIrIwInd, so LIuL IL Is burnL? TIus does AIIuI muke cIeur
HIs AyuL (prooIs, evIdences, verses) Lo you LIuL you muy gIve LIougIL.

[i3saarun] is a dry wind.


BCCBD *' ,/"5(*34 &' (/)/ ,(", 6/ "## 6"3, ,1 ("@/ ,(", 4")7/3 "37 6/ 61)+ ,16")7' ,(", "37 18,"*3 *,9
B2,/) 6/ ("@/ 18,"*3/7 *, 6/ 6*## "4/ "37 /@/3,&"##= ,(*' 4")7/3 6*## 7)= 1&, "37 7*/9 :(*' *' 13#= 21)
,(/ #*2/ 12 ,(*' 61)#7 "37 6/ 3//7 ,1 )/"#*A/ ,(",9 E2 6/ 61)+ ,16")7' ,(/ (/)/"2,/) ,(/'/ /221),' 6*## 8/
/,/)3"##= )/"0/7 "37 3/@/) 7*/ 1&,9 :(/ 4")7/3 6"*,*34 21) &' *3 ,(/ (/)/"2,/) *' 31, 41*34 ,1 7*/ 1229 E,'
1+"= ,1 ',)*@/ (/)/ *3 ,(*' #*2/ 8&, 6/ 3//7 ,1 )/"#*A/ *,' ,/%01)")= 3",&)/ "37 )/"#*A/ ,(/ 0/)%"3/3,
3",&)/ 12 ,(/ (/)/"2,/)9


232

%&'( ",-

!"#$%& (#)&
O you wIo beIIeve! Spend oI LIe good LIIngs wIIcI you Iuve (IeguIIy) eurned, und
oI LIuL wIIcI We Iuve produced Irom LIe eurLI Ior you, und do noL uIm uL LIuL
wIIcI Is bud Lo spend Irom IL, (LIougI) you wouId noL uccepL IL suve II you cIose
your eyes und LoIeruLe LIereIn. And know LIuL AIIuI Is RIcI (ree oI uII wunLs),
und WorLIy oI uII pruIse.

!,"="%$%"%11- 51%/' 2)1% ,(/ @/)8

!,"="%$%"%"- 6(*5( #*,/)"##= %/"3' ,1 (/"7 21)


'1%/,(*34G,1 "*% 21) '1%/,(*349
F1? BCCBD *' '"=*34 31, ,1 4*@/ 1) "*% ,1 4*@/ 2)1% ,(", 6(*5( *' 31, 4117 !*9/9 "3 1#7 '6/",/)? "
8)1+/3 51%0&,/) /,59-9
We are seeing another ethical standard in the way to give sincerely for ALLAHs sake. We need to give
from good, halal provisions and give that which is of a good quality. Dont give things that you yourself
61&#7 2*37 7*'4&',*349 :(/ )/"# '0/37*34 *3 BLLAHs cause is from the money that we love. This takes
/221), "37 ,(*' *' 6(", 6/ 3//7 ,1 ',)*@/ ,1 8/9
%&'( ",.
233

!"#$%& (#)&
SIuILun (SuLun) LIreuLens you wILI poverLy und orders you Lo commIL uIsIu
(evII deeds, IIIeguI sexuuI InLercourse, sIns eLc.); wIereus AIIuI promIses you
orgIveness Irom HImseII und BounLy, und AIIuI Is AII-SuIIIcIenL Ior HIs
creuLures' needs, AII-Knower.

B31,(/) 0)18#/% ,(", ")*'/' *3 ,(/ /,(*5' 12 '0/37*34 *' ,(", '("=,"3 51%/' ,1 " 0/)'13 "37 *3',*#' ,(/
,(1&4(, 12 01@/),= *3 ,(/ (/"),9 :(/3 ,(/ 0/)'13 *' )/#&5,"3, ,1 '0/37 "37 51%/' &0 6*,( )/"'13' *3
his/her head why they cant.

[wa yamurukum bil$fahshaai] he [shaytaan] will suggest and eventually


51%%"37 =1& 6*## "## ,=0/' 12 '("%/#/'' "5,'9
F1? 135/ (/ !'("=,""3- ("' 613 =1& 1@/) *3,1 2//#*34 01@/),= "37 "8',"*3*34 2)1% '0/37*34 21) ,(/ '"+/
12 BCLAH, he moves on to other things like indecency and shamelessness. Its amazing to see how
BCCBD %/3,*13' ,(*'9 :(/ "="( 8/4*3' "81&, 01@/),= "37 *%%/7*",/#= ',"),' ,"#+*34 "81&, '("%/#/''
"5,'9 F1 ,(/ 5133/5,*13 (/)/ *' ,(", *2 =1& #*',/3 ,1 '("=,""3 *3 13/ ,(*34 =1& ("@/ 4*@/3 (*% "&,(1)*,=
1@/) =1&)'/#29

!"%")"- *3 B)"8*5 %/"3' ,1 '&44/',G51%%"379 F1 '("=,""3 '&44/',' ,(/'/ *37/5/35*/' "37 ,(/3 61)+'
(*' 6"= &0 ,1 51%%"37*34 ,(/%9
%&'( ",/

234

!"#$%& (#)&
He grunLs HIkmuI Lo wIom He pIeuses, und Ie, Lo wIom HIkmuI Is grunLed, Is
Indeed grunLed ubundunL good. BuL none remember (wIII receIve udmonILIon)
excepL men oI undersLundIng.

!"#$(*+%"(- %/"3*34 6*'71% *' &37/)',117 8= ,(/ B)"8*5 ,1 %/"3 8/3/2*5*"# +316#/74/
,(", *' "5,/7 &0139 C*+/ +316*34 ,(", 2*)/ 8&)3' '1? =1& ',"= "6"= 2)1% *,9
F1? ,(/ 6*'71% ,"#+/7 "81&, (/)/ *3 ,(*' "="( *' ,(/ 6*'71% 12 +316*34 ,(", 13/ ("' ,1 '0/37 '*35/)/#=
21) ,(/ '"+/ 12 BCCBD "37 "5,*34 13 ,(",9


%&'( "-0

!"#$%& (#)&
And wIuLever you spend Ior spendIngs (e.g., In SuduquI - cIurILy, eLc. Ior AIIuI's
Cuuse) or wIuLever vow you muke, be sure AIIuI knows IL uII. And Ior LIe ZuIImun
(wrong-doers, eLc.) LIere ure no IeIpers.

!3"2"I",&3- *' "3= ,=0/ 12 '0/37*349


233

E3 ,(*' "="( 6/ ")/ #/")3*34 ,(", 6(",/@/) 6/ '0/37 21) ,(/ '"+/ 12 BCCBD "37 6(", /@/) @16 =1&
make, ALLAH knows it. We dont need to mention it to others. Whoever has the wrong intention and
'//+' )/5143*,*13 2)1% 5)/",*13 ,(/3 BCCBD '"=' (/)/ ,(", ,(/= ")/ 2)1% ,(/ 6)134 71/)' "37 ,(", ,(/=
6*## ("@/ 31 (/#0/)' 6(",'1/@/)9
%&'( "-)

!"#$%& (#)&
I you dIscIose your SuduquL (uIms-gIvIng), IL Is weII, buL II you conceuI IL, und gIve
IL Lo LIe poor, LIuL Is beLLer Ior you. (AIIuI) wIII IorgIve you some oI your sIns. And
AIIuI Is WeII-AcquuInLed wILI wIuL you do.

If you expose or disclose what you have given in charity youre not in trouble with ALLAH. Its not a
great thing to do but its not tha, 8"79
Sometimes it is encouraged to disclose how much you gave when youre encouraging others to give
2)1% ,(/*) 6/"#,(9 [1& %/3,*13*34 6(", =1& ("@/ 4*@/3 6*## 8)/"+ ,(/ *5/ "37 5"&'/ 1,(/)' ,1 4*@/ "'
6/##9
If youre not encouraging others to give its 8/', ,1 4*@/ *3 '/5)/, *3 1)7/) ,1 +//0 =1&) *3,/3,*13' 0&)/9
:()1&4( 4*@*34 5(")*,= "37 ("@*34 ,(/ 51))/5, *3,/3,*13 " 0/)'13 5"3 6*0/ 1&, %"P1) '*3' /@/3 *2 *, 8/ "
dollar. So, dont let those opportunities pass you by to give even the slightest amount 12 5(")*,=9


236

%&'( "-"

!"#$%& (#)&
NoL upon you (MuIummud SAW) Is LIeIr guIdunce, buL AIIuI guIdes wIom He
wIIIs. And wIuLever you spend In good, IL Is Ior yourseIves, wIen you spend noL
excepL seekIng AIIuI's CounLenunce. And wIuLever you spend In good, IL wIII be
repuId Lo you In IuII, und you sIuII noL be wronged.

BCCBD ,/##' DEF N/''/34/)
not to worry about those who are not spending in the path of ALLAH. Its not your
)/'013'*8*#*,= ,1 4&*7/ ,(/%9 BCCBD 4&*7/' 6(1/@/) D` 6"3,'9 BCCBD ,(/3 '"=' ,(", 6(",/@/) =1&
spend of good is only for yourselves. You havent spent anything except that what you have spent
sincerely for the sake of ALLAH. If your intentions werent correct then that spending is null and void.
E2 =1&) *3,/3,*13' ")/ 51))/5,? ,(/3 ,(*' *' '1%/,(*34 )/6")7/7 "37 4)/",9 S(",/@/) =1& '0/37 *3 ,(/
'"+/ 12 BCCBD =1& 6*## 8/ 51%0#/,/#= 51%0/3'",/7 "37 )/2&37/7 *3 2&##9 :(/)/ *' 31 6"= ,(", =1& 6*##
8/ 6)134/79
%&'( "-*
237

!"#$%& (#)&
(CIurILy Is) Ior uquru (LIe poor), wIo In AIIuI's Cuuse ure resLrIcLed (Irom
LruveI), und cunnoL move ubouL In LIe Iund (Ior Lrude or work). TIe one wIo
knows LIem noL, LIInks LIuL LIey ure rIcI becuuse oI LIeIr modesLy. You muy
know LIem by LIeIr murk, LIey do noL beg oI peopIe uL uII. And wIuLever you
spend In good, sureIy AIIuI knows IL weII.

!#*#$fuqaraaee] Charity is for those who are financially incapable/poor.


E,' '*34&#") *'

!2"I//)&3-9
:(/'/ 0/10#/ ("@/ 4*@/3 ,(/%'/#@/' /3,*)/#= 21) ,(/ '"+/ 12 BCCBD9 :(/= ("@/ 7/7*5",/7 ,(/%'/#@/'
,1 #/")3*34 ,(/ U//3 "37 ,/"5(*34 *,9 :()1&4( ,(*' 7/7*5",*13 12 ,(/*)' ,1 ,(/ U//3 '*35/)/#= 21)
ALLAHs sake they became poor/financially incapable.
BCCBD 5"##' ,(/ 0/)'13

[jaahilun] meaning ignorant, who sees these types of 0/10#/ !*9/9 6(1
4*@/' ,(/%'/#@/' /3,*)/#= 21) ,(/ '"+/ 12 BCCBD- "37 ,(*3+' ,(/= ")/ *3 31 3//7 12 2*3"35*"# "*7 31) 71
,(/= "'+ *2 ,(/= 3//7 (/#09

!",$taa3f$2&2&- 51%/' 2)1% ,(/ @/)8

[taa3f$2"2"- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 '(16 51&),/'=9


!*#(""2"3- 1)*4*3"##=

!*#(""2&3- %/"3' ,1 6)"0 =1&)'/#2 ")1&37 '1%/13/ 8/44*34 21)


%13/= #*+/ " 0)12/''*13"# 8/44")9
238

:(/ 0/)'13 6(1 4*@/' (*'G(/)'/#2 /3,*)/#= ,1 ,(/ U//3 *3 ,(*' "="( *' 7/'5)*8/7 "' 31, 8/44*34 21) %13/=9
:(/= +316 ,(/ U//3 *' 6"= ,11 318#/ 21) ,(/% ,1 #16/) ,(/*) ',"37")7' "37 0/)21)% "3 "5, #*+/ ,(*'9
:(/ 13#= 6"= '1%/13/ 61&#7 +316 ,(/'/ ,=0/' 12 0/10#/ ")/ 41*34 ,()1&4( (")7 ,*%/' *' 8= ,(/*) 2"5/'
31, 8/5"&'/ ,(/= ,1#7 '1%/13/9
%&'( "-#

!"#$%& (#)&
TIose wIo spend LIeIr weuILI (In AIIuI's Cuuse) by nIgIL und duy, In secreL und In
pubIIc, LIey sIuII Iuve LIeIr rewurd wILI LIeIr ord. On LIem sIuII be no Ieur, nor
sIuII LIey grIeve.

:(/'/ 0/10#/ 7/'5)*8/7 *3 ,(*' "="( ")/ 4*@*34 "## ,(/ ,*%/9 B#6"=' *3 " 4*@*34 %117 31 %",,/) ,(/
"%1&3,9 :(/= ")/ 513',"3,#= /34"4/7 *3 4*@*349
`@/)= ,*%/ ,(/= 4*@/ ,(/= ")/ 31, #1'*34 "3= %13/=9 :(/= ")/ "55&%&#",*34 4117 7//7' "37 )/6")7'
6*,( BCCBD9
These types of people wont be in any danger on the Day of Judgement nor will they be in a state of
4)*/@*349 :(/ 0/10#/ 6(1 6*## 8/ 4)*/@*34 "37 *3 7"34/) ")/ ,(1'/ 6(1 ("7 "3 1001),&3*,= ,1 '0/37 *3
ALLAHs cause and didnt.
%&'( "-+

239

!"#$%& (#)&
TIose wIo euL RIbu (usury) wIII noL sLund (on LIe Duy oI ResurrecLIon) excepL IIke
LIe sLundIng oI u person beuLen by SIuILun (SuLun) IeudIng IIm Lo InsunILy. TIuL
Is becuuse LIey suy: "TrudIng Is onIy IIke RIbu (usury)," wIereus AIIuI Ius
permILLed LrudIng und IorbIdden RIbu (usury). So wIosoever receIves un
udmonILIon Irom IIs ord und sLops euLIng RIbu (usury) sIuII noL be punIsIed Ior
LIe pusL; IIs cuse Is Ior AIIuI (Lo judge); buL wIoever reLurns |Lo RIbu (usury)|,
sucI ure LIe dweIIers oI LIe Ire - LIey wIII ubIde LIereIn.

!")$)*8""- *3,/)/',9 :(*' *' %13/= ,(", %"+/' %13/=9


:(/'/ ,=0/' 12 0/10#/ 6(1 513'&%/ *3,/)/', BCCBD 7/'5)*8/' ,(/% "' 5)"A=9 C*+/ ,(/ 13/ 6(1 ("'
8//3 ,1&5(/7 8= '("=,""39 b1) /Q"%0#/? #11+ ", ,(/ ',15+ /Q5("34/9 C11+ (16 0/10#/ ")/ 2)1%
10/3*34 8/## ,1 5#1'*349 :(/= ")/ )&33*34 ")1&37 #*+/ 5)"A= 0/10#/9
U*43*2*/7 "37 /7&5",/7 0/10#/ ,&)3 *3,1 "3*%"#' 1@/) %13/=9

[mawi3thatun] is a good counsel that penetrates someones heart.




260

%&'( "-,


!"#$%& (#)&
AIIuI wIII desLroy RIbu (usury) und wIII gIve Increuse Ior SuduquL (deeds oI
cIurILy, uIms, eLc.) And AIIuI IIkes noL LIe dIsbeIIevers, sInners.

[yamhaqu] comes from the verb

!%"("I"- 6(*5( %/"3' ,1 18#*,/)",/G/#*%*3",/9


[yurbee] comes from the verb

[arba] which means to raise something. The word

!)*8""-
51%/' 2)1% ,(*' @/)8 "' 6/##9

*' '1%/,(*34 ,(", '6/##' "37 )*'/'9

*' "#'1 &'/7 21) &33",&)"# 4)16,(' 1)


%&,",/7 4)16,('9 b1) /Q"%0#/ 6(", =1& 61&#7 '// 13 " 01,",1/9 F1%/,*%/' *, *' 7/21)%/7 "37 ("'
'1%/ 4)16,(' 13 *, /,59 :(*' *'

9 E, *' "3 &33",&)"# 4)16,( 12 =1&) 6/"#,(9


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261





Surah 8aqarah arL 20 Llll Lnd
SepLember-03-12
1:13 M



loJeeJ, tbose wbo belleve ooJ Jo tlqbteoos JeeJs ooJ estobllsb ptoyet ooJ qlve zokob wlll bove tbelt
tewotJ wltb tbelt lotJ, ooJ tbete wlll be oo feot coocetoloq tbem, oot wlll tbey qtleve.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/277>

1. 1hose who dld D1972115- (mlnlmal plural, deflnes as 'few rlghLeous Lhlngs LhaL we are
expecLed Lo do') and Lhey gave zakaL [AaLa F/ zzakah - Lhey qove zakaL (pasL Lense) as
opposed Lo aaLuzzakah - lmperaLlve "Clve zakah"]

1hls ayah goes back Lo Lhe fundamenLals. lL ls a command Lo Lhose who resorLed Lo rlba Lo come
back Lo Lhe baslcs. 8evlve your deen. 1hls ls slnce lL ls consldered a very helnous crlme ln lslam.



O yoo wbo bove belleveJ, feot Allob ooJ qlve op wbot temolos jJoe to yoo] of lotetest, lf yoo sboolJ
be bellevets.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/278>

Abandon rlba lf you are Lruly bellevers
Ayah began wlLh lman, Lhen Laqwa Lhen ended wlLh Lhose who have lman. Cur enLlre falLh ls hlnged
on abandonlng Lhls crlme. lf some commlLs rlba, Lhen Lhey have none of Lhose Lhlngs (lman, Laqwa).


262



AoJ lf yoo Jo oot, tbeo be lofotmeJ of o wot joqolost yoo] ftom Allob ooJ nls Messeoqet. 8ot lf yoo
tepeot, yoo moy bove yoot ptloclpol - jtbos] yoo Jo oo wtooq, oot ote yoo wtooqeJ.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/279>

Cpen your ears, llsLen up Lo: announcemenL of war from Allah and hls messenger. 8lba ls noL [usL
'haram'. 1here are greaLer consequences. lf you make Lauba, Lhen you can have your caplLal. 1haL
way, you are noL wronglng anyone else nor are you belng wronged.


AoJ lf someooe ls lo botJsblp, tbeo jlet tbete be] postpooemeot ootll jo tlme of] eose. 8ot lf yoo qlve
jftom yoot tlqbt os] cbotlty, tbeo lt ls bettet fot yoo, lf yoo ooly koew.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-282>

lf you can'L geL your money back Lo Lhe person who you loaned, Lhen posLpone Lhe deallng unLll
Lhere ls Lhe Llme of ease. 1he leasL you can do ls glve LhaL person some Llme slnce you were Lhe one
who was golng Lo wrong hlm.
-lf glven ouL of sadaqah (due Lo gullL), Lhen lL ls beLLer for you lf you knew


AoJ feot o uoy wbeo yoo wlll be tetotoeJ to Allob . 1beo evety sool wlll be compeosoteJ fot wbot lt
eotoeJ, ooJ tbey wlll oot be tteoteJ oojostly.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-282>

Many scholars belleve LhaL Lhls ls Lhe lasL ayah of Lhe quran revealed. Pe explalns LhaL no one wlll be
wronged for whaL Lhey dld.


263



O yoo wbo bove belleveJ, wbeo yoo coottoct o Jebt fot o speclfleJ tetm, wtlte lt Jowo. AoJ let o
sctlbe wtlte jlt] betweeo yoo lo jostlce. let oo sctlbe tefose to wtlte os Allob bos tooqbt blm. 5o let
blm wtlte ooJ let tbe ooe wbo bos tbe obllqotloo Jlctote. AoJ let blm feot Allob , bls lotJ, ooJ oot
leove ooytbloq oot of lt. 8ot lf tbe ooe wbo bos tbe obllqotloo ls of llmlteJ ooJetstooJloq ot weok ot
oooble to Jlctote blmself, tbeo let bls qootJloo Jlctote lo jostlce. AoJ btloq to wltoess two wltoesses
264

ftom omooq yoot meo. AoJ lf tbete ote oot two meo jovolloble], tbeo o moo ooJ two womeo ftom
tbose wbom yoo occept os wltoesses - so tbot lf ooe of tbe womeo etts, tbeo tbe otbet coo temloJ
bet. AoJ let oot tbe wltoesses tefose wbeo tbey ote colleJ opoo. AoJ Jo oot be jtoo] weoty to wtlte
lt, wbetbet lt ls smoll ot lotqe, fot lts jspeclfleJ] tetm. 1bot ls mote jost lo tbe slqbt of Allob ooJ
sttooqet os evlJeoce ooJ mote llkely to pteveot Joobt betweeo yoo, except wbeo lt ls oo lmmeJlote
ttoosoctloo wblcb yoo cooJoct omooq yootselves. lot jtbeo] tbete ls oo blome opoo yoo lf yoo Jo oot
wtlte lt. AoJ toke wltoesses wbeo yoo coocloJe o coottoct. let oo sctlbe be botmeJ ot ooy wltoess.
lot lf yoo Jo so, loJeeJ, lt ls jqtove] JlsobeJleoce lo yoo. AoJ feot Allob . AoJ Allob teocbes yoo. AoJ
Allob ls koowloq of oll tbloqs.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-282>


LongesL ayah of Lhe quran. Allah wlll ouLllne loan pracLlces ln Lhls ayah and nexL.

Hadith: Allah doesn't listen to the cries of the person who wasnt paid his money back after he didnt
wrlLe down Lhe loan agreemenL.

1hls was golng on aL a Llme when mosL were noL able Lo read and wrlLe. When you engage ln loan
LransacLlons for an ouLllned deadllne, Lhen wrlLe lL down. And Lhe wrlLer among you should wrlLe ln
justice. Today, its the lawyers that do this in overwhelmingly technical language. Lawyer also needs
Lo be LrusLed.

1he wrlLer should noL refuse because he has been glven a glfL by Allah. CreaL LalenLs should be
shared for Lhe communlLy.

1he one who has Lhe rlghL hanglng over hls head should dlcLaLe. 1he one tokloq Lhe money should
know exacLly whaL he ls geLLlng hlmself lnLo. LeL hlm be cauLlous of Allah whlle Lhls ls happenlng
(slnce borrower may also add someLhlng LhaL lender ls unaware of). neLher lender or borrower
should engage ln predaLory pracLlce. lf Lhe borrower ls weak ln undersLandlng (Leenager,
lrresponslble), Lhen hls wall (legal Lerm here, 'guardlan') should glve dlcLaLlon on hls behalf and
should do so wlLh [usLlce.

LlLher Lwo men or man and Lwo women. ConLroverslal - but this is haqq, thats what we believe in.
1he one man, Lwo woman may not extend to all spheres of finance (thats for fuqaha to decide)

ln madlnah, women were generally noL lnvolved ln buslness. 1hey may noL be experlenced ln Lhls
Lermlnology.

1he raw LranslaLlon - lf one forgeLs, oLher can remlnd her. (nAk dlsagrees) naslyah yansah - forgeL
Sllpplng up - dallah yadhlllu. So, Lhe word used here should be 'sllpplng up'.

When boLh dlfferenL words were puL LogeLher, Lhen Lhere ls a dlfference beLween Lhem. 8abbl - la
yadhillu wa la yansa (my lord doesnt err or forgeL)
1adhllla - orlglnal meanlng: sllps up.

And dont be lazy in writing it down. Sa'ama - dolng someLhlng for a long Llme and goL Llred of lL

And wlLnesses should noL Lurn away. WheLher Lhe loan amounL be small or blg, leL Lhem noL be
weary.
ua'lra - clrcllng. Cne hand Lakes Lhe goods oLher hand reLurns lL.
1abayu' - long Lerm sale. ay money now, geL goods laLer.
263


?udhaarr - example of Mudha'af sarf. lL ls boLh acLlve and passlve. Lhe wrlLer and wlLness should noL
harm, should noL be harmed. And lf you dld do so, lL ls a corrupLlon due Lo yourselves. Allah knows
all abouL Lhese flnanclal lrregularlLles.



AoJ lf yoo ote oo o jootoey ooJ coooot floJ o sctlbe, tbeo o secotlty Jeposlt jsboolJ be] tokeo. AoJ lf
ooe of yoo eottosts oootbet, tbeo let blm wbo ls eottosteJ Jlscbotqe bls ttost jfoltbfolly] ooJ let blm
feot Allob , bls lotJ. AoJ Jo oot cooceol testlmooy, fot wboevet cooceols lt - bls beott ls loJeeJ slofol,
ooJ Allob ls koowloq of wbot yoo Jo.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-286>

larlhaan - collaLeral
Maqboodah - selzed

lf no one could wrlLe for you boLh, Lhen Lhere should be a selzed collaLeral.

larlhaan - collaLeral
Maqboodah - selzed

lf you LrusL each oLher, lL ls ok lf Lhey dont seize collateral. If no collateral, then he just has your
word. ln LhaL case, Lhen Lhe enLrusLed one should pay lL back whlle belng consclous of Allah, hls
masLer. Allah ls sLlll hls masLer. 1he loan ls now referred Lo as amanah - LrusL.

uo noL hlde LesLlmony. Whoever hldes Lhe LesLlmony, Lhen "how lncredlbly slnful hls hearL would
be!". And Allah ls fully knowledgable of everyLhlng you do.

1hls ayah concluded all Lhe maln addresses of Lhls surah.

arLlng address:

266


1o Allob belooqs wbotevet ls lo tbe beoveos ooJ wbotevet ls lo tbe eottb. wbetbet yoo sbow wbot ls
wltblo yootselves ot cooceol lt, Allob wlll btloq yoo to occooot fot lt. 1beo ne wlll fotqlve wbom ne
wllls ooJ poolsb wbom ne wllls, ooJ Allob ls ovet oll tbloqs competeot.

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-286>

lf you expose whaL ls lnslde or hlde lL: Pe wlll accounL agalnsL you uslng LhaL. Pe covers whoever Pe
wanLs
Pe wlll punlsh whoever Pe wlshes.

Sums up every passage ln Lhls surah. 1here were people who LhoughL LhaL Lhey were enLlLled Lo
Allah's favours and Lhose who felL LhaL Lhey were enLlLled Lo forglveness. 8uL lL ls Allah who decldes
wheLher LhaL happens or noL.


1be Messeoqet bos belleveJ lo wbot wos teveoleJ to blm ftom bls lotJ, ooJ jso bove] tbe bellevets.
All of tbem bove belleveJ lo Allob ooJ nls ooqels ooJ nls books ooJ nls messeoqets, jsoyloq], "we
moke oo Jlstloctloo betweeo ooy of nls messeoqets." AoJ tbey soy, "we beot ooJ we obey. jwe
seek] oot fotqlveoess, oot lotJ, ooJ to oo ls tbe jflool] Jestlootloo."

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-286>

1he messenger SAW hlmself had Lo belleve., lL was a challenge Lo keep lman even for hlm. eople
who had loved hlm sald Lo hlm LhaL he was lnsane. When Lhe propheL SAW addressed all Lhe
quralsh, a young All 8A belleves hlm and everyone sLarLs laughlng - very demeanlng for hlmself. Pls
confldence ln hlmself was LesLed.
So, lman ln rlsalah ls ouLllned here.

1hls book began wlLh lman uhallkal klLaabu la ralba feehl. Lnds wlLh lman.

1he word kuLub ls menLloned here lnsLead of klLaab (whlch ls unllke ayaL ul blrr).
1he conversaLlon ln ayaLul blrr was happenlng wlLh Lhe [ews. lf lL was kuLub Lhere, Lhen Lhe [ews can
say LhaL Lhey belleved ln several books LhaL were revealed by Allah. klLab, ln ayaL ul blrr, slngles ouL
Lhe Cur'an.
now, Lhls ayah refers Lo lman alLogeLher.
267


Some scholars belleved LhaL Lhese verses were revealed ln Ml'raa[. lf hadlLh regardlng Lhls ls Lrue,
Lhe bellevers are menLloned aL a hlgh poslLlon alongslde Lhe propheL SAW. 8oLh are dolng Lhe same
acLlon, whlch ls bellevlng ln Lhe propheLs, books ,eLc. lL ls an amazlng honour for Lhe bellevers.
1hey hear and Lhey obey. !ews had once sald earller ln Lhls surah, "saml'na wa asalna"

Allah descrlbes bellevers as asklng Allah for hls Lremendous forglveness.
Chufranak - lL ls a maf'ool. LlLerally LranslaLed "your forglveness". When a person ls aL a loss of
words, desperaLlon (Llke subhanaka).
AsLaghflrullah - "l seek your forglveness."



Allob Joes oot cbotqe o sool except jwltb tbot wltblo] lts copoclty. lt wlll bove jtbe coosepoeoce of]
wbot jqooJ] lt bos qoloeJ, ooJ lt wlll beot jtbe coosepoeoce of] wbot jevll] lt bos eotoeJ. "Oot lotJ,
Jo oot lmpose blome opoo os lf we bove fotqotteo ot etteJ. Oot lotJ, ooJ loy oot opoo os o botJeo
llke tbot wblcb oo lolJ opoo tbose befote os. Oot lotJ, ooJ botJeo os oot wltb tbot wblcb we bove
oo oblllty to beot. AoJ potJoo os, ooJ fotqlve os, ooJ bove metcy opoo os. oo ote oot ptotectot, so
qlve os vlctoty ovet tbe Jlsbellevloq people."

asLed from <hLLp://quran.com/2/280-286>


lmpllcaLlons:
All of us have dlfferenL capaclLles based on geneLlcs, ablllLes, eLc. Lach nafs has Lhelr own
poLenLlal.
Lveryone should work ln accordance wlLh Lhelr predlsposlLlon (surah lsra 17:84). Lveryone ls
ln a race agalnsL Lhelr own selves.
Second lmpllcaLlon - lf Allah burdened us wlLh Lhese books, laws, sunnah, rules, Lhen we are
perfecLly capable of followlng Lhls rullng.
LveryLhlng LhaL Allah gave us makes who we are. now lL has Lo be puL Lo Lhe LesL.
1oday, musllms are amazed aL people praylng 3 Llmes a day Lhlnklng of lL as belng a feaL
Allah gave Lhls burden Lo us. We say we can'L handle Lhe burden. 8uL Allah says LhaL Pe
doesnt burden anyone to more than their capacity. Therefore, we coo handle lL

1o Lhe persons beneflL ls only whaL he or she earned.

268

kasabaL - earn someLhlng LhaL ls easy Lo earn.
lkLlsaab - earnlng someLhlng LhaL ls hard Lo earn. Slns are hard Lo earn. Cood ls easy Lo earn.

Allah ls saylng LhaL he made earnlng good deeds easy for you and earnlng bad deeds hard. 1hls ls
slnce more bad wlll come our way when we commlL slns. More Lrouble wlll come LhaL person's way.

1. "uo noL selze us lf we forgeL or we make a mlsLake"
a. lorgeL - "Maghrlbs already over! l had no ldea!"
b. ?ou wanLed Lo forgeL - "LeL me [usL waLch Lhls movle scene before l pray maghrlb.
!usL one more scene!"
2. uo noL load on Lop of us a burden greaLer Lhan we can bear - we heard sLorles of Lhose ln
the past who had great burdens, please dont give us great burdens either
3. Dont pile and pile burdens so much that we collapse (In terms of his commands, he has
accepLed our dua. Cur duLles are noL burdens as heavy as Lhose from Lhe pasL)
4. When we fall shorL, lovlngly pardon us
3. And show us mercy

'aafu - Lo pardon someLhlng ouL of love
Cover our mlsLakes.

?ou are our proLecLlng frlend (maula). Why? Ald us agalnsL kaflreen
nasr - mlllLary or huge flnanclal ald

1he banl lsraael (followers of 1aluL AS) also made dua Lo Allah Lo keep Lhelr feeL flrm when Lhey
faced !aluL (CollaLh)

'>?7<<7<? ;B D/012 W<E ;B D/012
Alladheena kafaru Al qaum al kaflreen
MaLLers of Lhe hearL, of havlng doubL, no
convlcLlon
uua LhaL sofLens Lhe hearL
People described didnt take
responslblllLy glven Lo Lhem
uua Lo Allah, "lease help us handle responslblllLy"
"lL ls Lhe same Lhem wheLher you warn
Lhem or do noL warn Lhem" 2:6
uoors of da'wah are closed, and doors of flghLlng have
now opened. So, leLs make dua for Pls help.

1hls wlll be followed by Surah Aal lmraan.
alrs of surahs - baqara and aal lmraan (8eferred by Lhe propheL SAW as 'Lhe Lwo gllLLerlng ones')