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Basic Lift Engineering

Calculating the Load on Each Leg of a Sling

As the horizontal angle between the legs of a sling decreases, the load on each leg increases. The effect is the same whether a single sling is used as a basket, or two slings are used with each in a straight pull, as with a 2-legged bridle. Anytime pull is exerted at an angle on a legor legsof a sling, the load per leg can be determined by using the data in the table at right. Proceed as follows to calculate this loadand determine the rated capacity required of the sling, or slings, needed for a lift.
1000 LBS. 500 LBS. 500 LBS.

LEG ANGLE
(Degrees)

1.000 1.003 1.015 1.035 1.064 1.103 1.154 1.220 1.305 1.414

90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45

1000 LBS.

518

BS .

57

LB

90

75

7L

60

1000 LBS.
S.
57 7L

LBS.

70

518 LBS.

70

. BS

7 LB S.

45
1000 LBS.

1000 LBS.

1000 LBS.

1000 LBS.

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General Information
Finding the Hypotenuse
To find c (hypotenuse)
c a

Given: a2 + b2 = c2 Example: 42 + 32 = c2; 16 + 9 = c2; 25 = 5

5,0
H L

10,000 lbs.

H = 10

L = 15

L = LAF (Load Angle Factor) Example: 15 = 1.5 (LAF) H 10 L x Ls share of the load Tension in L = H Tension in L = 15 x 5,000; 1.5 x 5,000 Ten. = 7,500 lbs. 10

A
6 2 6

Ten. in A = 6 x 3,000 Ten. in A = 9,000 lbs. 2 (As load moves tension changes)

6,000 lbs.

Off-set Center of Gravity (Share of the Load)

A
3

B 7

Inverse Proportion To Distance Lift Point A 7 + 3 = 10, = .70 10 .70 x 10,000 = 7,000 lbs. Lift Point B 7 + 3 = 10, = .30 10 .30 x 10,000 = 3,000 lbs.

10,000 lbs.

Off-level Lift Points

LEGEND
L1 H1 H2 L2

W x D2 x L 1 TL1 = ________________ (D2 x H1) + (D1 x H2) W x D1 x L 2 TL 2 = ________________ (D2 x H1) + (D1 x H2)

W L1 L2 H1 H2 D1 D2

= = = = = = =

Load Weight Length Leg 1 Length Leg 2 Vertical Height 1 Vertical Height 2 Horizontal Distance 1 Horizontal Distance 2

D1

D2

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