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VIQARUNNISA NOON SCHOOL ASTRONOMY OLYMPIAD

2014

MCQ 1. The biggest asteroid known is A) Vesta B) Icarus C) Ceres D) Eros

2. One Jupiter day is equal to which of the following? A) 30 hrs 40 min B) 9 hrs 50 min C) 3 hrs 20 min

D) 52 hrs 10 min

3. Of the following four times, which one best represents the time it takes energy generated in the core of the sun to reach the surface of the sun and be radiated? A) Three minutes B) Thirty days C) One thousand years D) One million years 4. The sunspot cycle is: A) 3 years B) 11 years

C) 26 years

D) 49 years

5. The Andromeda Galaxy is which of the following types of galaxies? A) Elliptical B) Spiral C) Barred-spiral D) Irregular 6. Who was the first man to classify stars according to their brightness? A) Aristarchus B) Pythagorus C) Copernicus D) Hipparchus 7. The greatest distance of a planet from the sun is called what? A) Aphelion B) Perihelion C) Helix

D) Eccentricity

8. A typical galaxy, such as our Milky Way galaxy, contains how many billion stars? A) 10 billion B) 40 billion C) 200 billion D) 800 billion 9. Refracting telescopes always contain which one of the following? A) Mirrors B) Lenses C) CCD D) Film 10. A comet's tail points in which direction? A) Toward the sun B) Toward the earth sun

C) Behind the comet in its orbit D) Away from the

VIQARUNNISA NOON SCHOOL ASTRONOMY OLYMPIAD


Short Questions

2014

1. I am a type of star with a relatively low effective temperature (3,000 to 4,000 Kelvins), and have a large radius-about 100 times that of the Sun. What type of star am I? Answer: RED GIANT. 2. What is formed when a massive star, after reaching supergiant status, explodes? Answer: A SUPERNOVA / TYPE II SUPERNOVA / NEUTRON STAR / BLACK HOLE. 3. Technically, the reflecting power of an object is defined as the ratio of the radiation reflected from an object to the total amount incident upon the object. What term is used in astronomy to indicate the reflecting power of an object? Answer: ALBEDO. 4. Name the northern latitude constellation that is easily recognized by 5 bright stars forming an irregular "W", some observers seeing not only a W but also a chair. One of the brightest novae on record appeared in this constellation in 1572? Answer: CASSIOPEIA. 5. He completed his graduation from Cambridge University and was a Professor of Chittagong University. Name of the famous Bangladeshi Cosmologi st who has written the book An Introduction to Mathematical Cosmology ? Answer: PROFESSOR JAMAL NAZRUL ISLAM / J. N. ISLAM. Physics Questions 1. What is the gravitational force between you and a person sitting 1/3m away? Assume each of you has a mass of 65 kg. (For simplicity, assume all objects are spherical.) According to Newtons Gravitational Law , = . .
.
( )

= . ()

VIQARUNNISA NOON SCHOOL ASTRONOMY OLYMPIAD

2014

2. An asteroids closest approach to the Sun (perihelion) is 2 AU, and farthest distance from the Sun (aphelion) is 4 AU. What is the semi-major axis of its orbit? What is the period of the asteroid? Major Axis of the Asteroid, 2a = + = (2+4) AU = 6 AU. = = , = According to Keplers 3rd Law, = = = =

= . () = = 3. A sound wave in water has a frequency of 256 Hz and a wavelength of 5.77 m. What is the speed of sound in water? , = . = . = . (Answer) 4. What is the kinetic energy (KE) of a 1,000 kg rock traveling at 30 km/s? Convert the velocity from 30 km/s to 30,000 m/s. , = ( ) = = . (Answer) 5. What is the peak wavelength of the emission from cool (100 K) dust? , = .
.

= . (Answer)

VIQARUNNISA NOON SCHOOL ASTRONOMY OLYMPIAD


Star Map Questions

2014

Name of the Pointed Stars and Constellations these starts belong to: Star Name 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. CASTOR POLARIS SIRIUS DHUBE SIRRAH Constellation GEMINI URSA MINOR CANIS MAJOR URSA MAJOR PEGASUS / ANDROMEDA