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Feature description

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control


DN0998064 Issue 01 Approval Date 2011-08-18

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

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DN0998064 Issue 01

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Table of contents
This document has 18 pages. 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 5 5.1 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 7 7.1 7.2 8 Introduction to the feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Software requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Hardware requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Functional details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 System impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Relations to other features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 User interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MML commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurements and counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 12 13 13 13

Activating and configuring the feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Activating the (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Deactivating the (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature . . . . . . . . . 17 Terms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 0 Z. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

List of tables
Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Software requirements for different network elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Hardware requirements for different network elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Parameters for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control . . . . . . . 12 New Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Introduction to the feature

1 Introduction to the feature


The feature RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control is introduced to decrease the interference in the system that is caused due to progressive introduction of packet switched (PSW) services in GSM networks. (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature assists in controlling the downlink transmit power on (E)GPRS timeslots. The power control in DL transmission is done on a blockby-block basis depending on the receivers channel conditions. That is, if an MS is in good radio conditions, the DL transmit power for this MS can be reduced. And if the MS is in bad radio conditions, then the DL transmit power for this MS can be increased. DL transmit power is reduced in such a way that the MSs throughput is not negatively impacted, or at least not impacted significantly. This not only reduces the interference in the radio network, but also reduces the BTS Power consumption. This feature is controlled by BSC level ON/OFF license key.

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Benefits

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

2 Benefits
The feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control provides the following benefits to the operator. Transmit power reduction helps in reducing the interference in the network and hence the mobiles experience better radio conditions. Thus, the spectral efficiency in the network is improved. The reductions in the DL transmit power results in less BTS power consumption. DL transmit power control for EGPRS maintains voice quality when the data usage grows up.

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Requirements

3 Requirements
Following are the requirements for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control:

3.1

Software requirements
The (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature requires the following Software: Network element BSC BTS Table 1 S15 EP2.1 BTS Plus - Gemini 2.1 build Required software release

Software requirements for different network elements

3.2

Hardware requirements
The (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature requires the following Hardware: Network element BSC BTS PCU2 Any of the following BTS site types: Table 2 UltraSite Flexi Edge Flexi Multiradio BTSplus Required hardware

Hardware requirements for different network elements

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Functional description

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

4 Functional description
In the existing Abis L1 interface the DL PCU (master) data frames contain a Downlink Power Control field which indicates the DL power level to BTS. Currently PCU sets this field based on PMAX (= maximum power level on the TRX) and the value remains the same unless the parameter value is changed by the operator. In the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control PCU controls the DL transmit power with the same Downlink Power Control field but the field value is now changed on a DL RLC block-by-block basis.

4.1

Functional details
The feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control can be activated on a segment level. Once the feature is activated, PCU starts to apply the (E)GPRS DL Power Control algorithms for the DL TBFs. GPRS DL Power Control algorithm The GPRS DL Power Control algorithm controls the DL transmission power level of the GPRS DL TBFs. In the beginning of the DL TBF, the data transmission is started with the default power level (user configurable) and then the power level is either decreased or increased based on the I_LEVEL measurements received in the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack (PDAN) messages. The default DL transmit power level is determined by the DL PC Default Power Reduction parameter which determines the default power reduction from the maximum power level (PMAX). PCU uses the default DL transmit power for the DL TBF until the first PDAN message is received from the MS. The I_LEVEL, measured by the MS, tells what is the interference level on the data channels with respect to the C_VALUE measured on the BCCH carrier. In other words, the I_VALUE tells the channel quality in terms of Carrier signal / Interference signal level (C/I) on the BCCH carrier (C/I(BCCH)). With the help of this variable, we can estimate MS channel quality of the DL transmission on the TRX where the MS is allocated. Based on the C/I(MS) value PCU decides whether the power level should be reduced, increased or kept the same. C/I(MS) can be determined by the following formula: C/I(MS) = MAX{ C/I(BCCH) Non_BCCH_Layer_Offset(BTS) PR(TBF) ; 0 dBm}. Where Non_BCCH_Layer_Offset is a BTS existing parameter which determines whether the predefined offset margin is used when evaluating the signal level of the non BCCH layer and PR(TBF) is the TBF's current power reduction. If C/I(MS) is larger than DL PC C/I Target parameter value and if PCU has not changed the power level for the TBF since the PDAN was polled (the time interval between two subsequent power changes should be at least RLC RTT), then PCU reduces the power level of this DL TBF by 2 dBm. That is, the power reduction, PR(TBF), is increased by 2 dBm as follows: PR(TBF) = MIN{ PR(TBF) + 2 dBm, DL PC Window Size }. If C/I(MS) is smaller than DL PC C/I Target parameter value and if PCU has not changed the power level for the TBF since the PDAN was polled (the time interval between two subsequent power changes should be at least RLC RTT), then PCU increases the power level of this DL TBF. That is, the power reduction, PR(TBF), is reduced as follows:

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Functional description

PR(TBF) = MAX{ PR(TBF) [DL PC C/I Target C/I(MS)], 0 dBm }. If PCU does not receive a valid I_LEVEL measurement in the PDAN message, then the TBFs power level is not changed. Note that by these formulas the GPRS DL Power Control algorithm tries to keep the mobiles C/I conditions on the given target level. EGPRS DL Power Control algorithm The EGPRS DL Power Control algorithm controls the DL transmission power level of the EGPRS DL TBFs. Similar to GPRS, the data transmission is started with the default power level (user configurable) but in EGPRS the power level is either decreased or increased based on the 8-PSK MEAN_BEP measurements received in the EGPRS Packet Downlink Ack/Nack (EPDAN) messages. The default DL transmit power is determined by the DL PC Default Power Reduction parameter which determines the default power reduction from the maximum power level (PMAX). PCU uses the default DL transmit power for the DL TBF until the first EPDAN message is received from the MS. The 8-PSK MEAN_BEP, measured by the MS tells about the channel quality of the DL transmission on the TRX, where the MS is allocated. Based on the received BEP measurements PCU decides whether the power level should be reduced, increased or kept the same. If 8-PSK MEAN_BEP is larger than DL PC PSK8 BEP Target parameter value and if PCU has not changed the power level for the TBF since the EPDAN was polled (the time interval between two subsequent power changes should be at least RLC RTT), then PCU reduces the power level of this DL TBF by 2 dBm. That is, the power reduction, PR(TBF), is increased by 2 dBm as follows: PR(TBF) = MIN{ PR(TBF) + 2 dBm, DL PC Window Size }. If 8-PSK MEAN_BEP is smaller than DL PC PSK8 BEP Target parameter value and if PCU has not changed the power level for the TBF since the EPDAN was polled (the time interval between two subsequent power changes should be at least RLC RTT), then PCU increases the power level of this DL TBF. That is, the power reduction, PR(TBF), is reduced as follows: PR(TBF) = MAX{ PR(TBF) [(int)( (DL PC PSK8 BEP Target 8-PSK MEAN_BEP + 1) / 3 ) x 2 dBm], 0 dBm }. If 8-PSK MEAN_BEP equals to DL PC PSK8 BEP Target parameter value, then the TBFs power level is not changed. Note that by these formulas the EGPRS DL Power Control algorithm tries to keep the mobiles BEP measurement on the given target level. Relation to PMAX and PMIN parameters The existing Max Power Level parameters (Bs Tx Pwr Max and BS Tx Pwr Max1x00) define the maximum power level (PMAX) as an attenuation from the peak power of the TRX. Similarly the existing Min Power Level parameter (BS Tx Pwr Min) defines the minimum power level (PMIN) as an attenuation from the peak power of the TRX. Since the (E)GPRS DL Power Control algorithm operates within the limits of PMAX and PMIN, the DL PC parameters must satisfy the following rules:

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Functional description

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Bs Tx Pwr Max + DL PC Window Size <= BS Tx Pwr Min. Bs Tx Pwr Max1x00 + DL PC Window Size <= BS Tx Pwr Min. Bs Tx Pwr Max + DL PC Default Power Reduction <= BS Tx Pwr Min. Bs Tx Pwr Max1x00 + DL PC Default Power Reduction <= BS Tx Pwr Min. DL PC Window Size >= DL PC Default Power Reduction. (E)GPRS DL Power Control in scheduling When PCU schedules a DL RLC block to some DL TBF, PCU sets the DL transmit power level in the PCU data frame based on the DL TBFs power reduction information if the USF is addressed to the same MS or not addressed to any MS. If the USF is addressed to some other MS than the DL RLC block, then PCU makes sure that the DL transmit power level does not go below the default power level. By this it is ensured that the USF can be received by other MS. (E)GPRS DL Power Control on BCCH TRX PCU does not apply the (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature on BCCH TRXs unless the BB hopping is enabled in which case PCU applies the (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature, if enabled, but BTS takes care that bursts transmitted from the BCCH RFM are sent with maximum power (PMAX). (E)GPRS DL Power Control on non-BCCH TRX PCU applies the (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature on non-BCCH TRXs when the DL Power Control feature is enabled. (E)GPRS DL Power Control on BTS BTS follows the power commands received by the PCU data frames by transmitting the DL RLC blocks to the air with the commanded power level. In case of BB hopping BTS takes care that the bursts transmitted from the BCCH RFM are sent with PMAX. DL power reduction in DL RLC block scheduling If (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature is enabled and if the TRX is a non-BCCH TRX or BCCH TRX with BB hopping enabled, then the power reduction in DL RLC block scheduling is taken care by PCU. Inter-TRX reallocations PCU resets the DL TBFs power reduction to a default value, when the DL TBF is moved to the new TRX.

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

System impacts

5 System impacts
This section describes the interaction of (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature with other features.

5.1

Relations to other features


BTS2013: Baseband (BB) hopping (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature is activated by the PCU on BCCH TRX when BB Hopping is enabled else the feature is disabled by the PCU on BCCH TRX. BSS21507: Flexible MCPA TX Power Pooling In the Flexible MCPA TX Power Pooling feature BTS reduces the PS transmit power by 2 dBm. BTS can do so even if the DL PC feature is enabled. BSS20958: Energy saving mode for BCCH TRX In the Energy Saving Mode for BCCH TRX feature BTS reduces the power on BCCH TRX when BB hopping is disabled. However, since BTS does not reduce power on PDTCH channels and since PCU is not applying the (E)GPRS DL Power Control feature on BCCH TRXs when BB hopping is disabled, there is no relation. BSS20088: Dual Transfer Mode PCU applies the (E)GPRS DL Power Control algorithm to DTM TBFs but the power reduction for DTM TBFs should not be larger than 10 dBm. BSS212288: Downlink Dual Carrier (DLDC) PCU applies (E)GPRS DL Power Control algorithm to DLDC TBFs in such a way that BEP measurements for C1 and C2 are used as an input in the EGPRS Power Control algorithm and then the result, PR(TBF), is applied on both carriers (C1 and C2).

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User interface

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

6 User interface
This chapter is divided into the following sections: Parameters MML commands Alarms Measurements and counters

6.1

Parameters
The following table show the parameters implemented for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control. The parameters are subject to change.

Name DL PC C/I Target

Object BSC

Description With this parameter user is able to define the target C/I value for GPRS TBFs. The decision to increase or decrease the DL power level is done against this parameter. With this parameter user is able to define the target 8-PSK BEP value for EGPRS TBFs. The decision to increase or decrease the DL power level is done against this parameter.

Range 0...30 dB, step 1 dB

Default value 15 dB

DL PC 8PSK BEP Target BSC

0...31, step 1

29

GPRS DL PC Enabled

BTSSEG POC

With this parameter user is able to GPRS DL PC activate and deactivate the (E)GPRS DL Disabled (N), GPRS Power Control feature on a segment level. DL PC Enabled (Y) With this parameter user is able to define 0...10 dBm, step 2 the window within which the DL transmit dBm power can be varied on the PDTCH channels. The existing Max Power Level parameters (like Bs Tx Pwr Max) define the maximum power level (PMAX) as attenuation from the peak power of the TRX. Hence the power attenuation on PDTCH channels can vary within the window of [PMAX; PMAX + DL PC Window Size].

GPRS DL PC Disabled (N) 8 dBm

DL PC Window Size

Table 3

Parameters for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

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RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

User interface

Name DL PC Default Power Reduction

Object POC

Description With this parameter user is able to define the default power reduction on the PDTCH channels. PCU uses the default power reduction (that is, the power attenuation in DL direction is PMAX + DL PC Default Power Reduction) in the beginning of the DL TBF until the channel quality measurements are received from MS. This parameter also sets the maximum power reduction level (that is, the power attenuation in DL direction is at maximum PMAX + DL PC Default Power Reduction) if the DL RLC block carries USF to some other MS (not the one that is receiving the DL data).

Range 0...10 dBm, step 2 dBm

Default value 4 dBm

Table 3

Parameters for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control (Cont.)

6.2

MML commands
The following MML commands are used to handle the feature: The EEM command for modifying the DL PC C/I Target (PCCI) and DL PC 8PSK BEP Target (PCPSK) parameters. The EEO command for displaying the DL PC C/I Target(PCCI) and DL PC 8PSK BEP Target (PCPSK) parameters. The EQV command for modifying the GPRS DL PC Enabled (DLPC) parameter. The EQO command for displaying the GPRS DL PC Enabled (DLPC) parameter. The EUC command for creating the DL PC Window Size(PCWS) and DL PC Default Power Reduction (PCPOW) parameters with default values. The EQM command for modifying the DL PC Window Size (PCPWS) and DL PC Default Power Reduction (PCPOW) parameters. The EUO command for displaying the DL PC Window Size (PCPWS) and DL PC Default Power Reduction (PCPOW) parameters.

6.3

Alarms
The (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature does not introduce any new alarms.

6.4

Measurements and counters


The following measurements and counters are utilized by the feature RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control.

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User interface

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

Counters for: 072 Packet Control Unit Measurement Counter Number

DL PC RLC/MAC BLOCKS SENT 072267 DL PC REDUCTION STEP SUM Table 4 New Counters 072268

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Activating and configuring the feature

7 Activating and configuring the feature


This chapter provides the procedures to operate (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature.

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Activating and configuring the feature

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

7.1

Activating the (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature


Prerequisite To operate the feature, the license for the feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control must be installed. Following are the steps to activate the feature

(E)GPRS DL Power Control feature licence is installed and feature state is changed to ON or CONF using the command W7M. ZW7M:FEA=3460:ON;

Check the license status of the feature with the command W7I ZW7I:FEA,FULL:FEA=3460;

Enable the parameter GPRS DL PC ENABLED using the command EQV. ZEQV:SEG=<SEG ID>:DLPC=Y:;

The feature gets activated with default values for feature related parameters. The parameter values can be changed. End

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Activating and configuring the feature

7.2

Deactivating the (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control feature


Prerequisite The feature (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control deactivates when the licence expires or when the feature state is set (by user) to OFF.

Disable the parameter GPRS DL PC ENABLED using the command EQV. ZEQV:SEG=<SEG ID>:DLPC=N:;;

Turn the license of the feature to OFF using the command W7M ZW7M:FEA=3460:OFF;

Check the license status of the feature using the command W7I ZW7I:FEA,FULL:FEA=3460; End

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Terms and Abbreviations

RG301666: (E)GPRS Downlink Power Control

8 Terms and Abbreviations


0Z
BB BCCH BEP C/I DL DLPC DTM EGPRS EPDAN GPRS MS PDAN PCU PDTCH PMAX PMIN PR RFM RLC RTT TBF TSL USF Baseband Broadcast Control Channel Bit Error Probability Carrier signal level / Interference signal level Downlink Downlink Power Control Dual Transfer Mode Enhanced General Packet Radio Service EGPRS Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message General Packet Radio Service Mobile Station Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message Packet Control Unit Packet Data Traffic Channel Maximum transmit power level determined by the existing parameter: BS TX pwr min. Minimum transmit power level determined by the existing parameters: BS TX pwr max, BS TX pwr max1x00. Power Reduction Radio Frquency Module Radio Link Control Round Trip Time Temporary Block Flow Time Slot Uplink State Flag

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