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Initially authored by Dr. k. Bayat, Modified and completely revised by Dr.

MOSFET Differential Amplifiers

1. Objective Students will build MOSFET-based differential amplifier and will gain experience in designing differential amplifiers. 2. Materials Component CD4007 20 k resistor 11 k resistor 2.6 k resistor 320 resistor 3. Procedure 3.1 Measurement of the MOSFETs Characteristics In this lab, we will extract the threshold voltage of the N-MOSFET from two sets of measured DC values of the current and voltage. In Figure 1, the circuit made of N-channel FET (CD4007) is shown. The value of R is 20 k. Drain and gate are tied together, VGD=0, therefore, the NMOSFET is working in saturation region. Set VDD to 3 V and measure ID and VD. Set VDD to 5 V and again measure ID and VD. 3. Use the following equation to calculate Vth (threshold voltage) and Quantity 2 1 2 2 1

n Cox

ID =

n Cox

(VGS - VTh )2 ..(1)

) and we have two sets of measured ID and

In Eq. (1), there are two unknowns (Vth and n Cox

VD. So, Vth and n ox Cox W/ L can be calculated. Note that in Fig. 1, VGS=VD.

Fig : Circuit to calculate properties of NMOS

Initially authored by Dr. k. Bayat, Modified and completely revised by Dr. M Andrawis, edited by Cory Mettler

3.2 Calculation of the value of RREF

The current source built with M3 and M4 and shown in Figure 2 is designed to provide a 1 mA reference current, ID,REF. So calculate the RREF to ensure that M4 operates in the saturation region. Calculate the necessary VGS 4 then apply equation 2. VDD ID , Ref RD VGS4 + VSS = 0 (2)

3.3 Differential Amplifier Pair DC Analysis: 1. Build the current mirror with the most matched transistors and with the RREF calculated above. Then build on it the differential amplifier pair as shown in Figure 2 with VSS = VDD = 5 V, VCM = 0, RL=20 k, and RD=11 k. Measure IREF and ID3 and compare them to the designed value of 1 mA. 2. With the bias current of each transistor of differential amplifier designed to be 0.5 mA, measure ID1, ID2. Also measure the DC values of drain voltages for M1 and M2 and compare them with calculated values. 3. Calculate the common-mode voltage gain from the measurements of these drain voltages and compare it to the ideal value for common-mode voltage gain in a differential pair amplifier (What should that be?)

Initially authored by Dr. k. Bayat, Modified and completely revised by Dr. M Andrawis, edited by Cory Mettler

4. Change VCM from 0 to 1V, 2V, and 3V, and measure the drain voltages of M1 and M2. How much these voltages are changing from their original values? 5. Next, keep VCM at 0 and change the DC supply voltage, VDD, and -Vss from 5 V to, 4V, and 3V. Measure the drain voltages of M1 and M2. How much is the sensitivity of the drain voltages to the DC supply voltage. AC Analysis: 1. Set the signal generator to a voltage of 100 mVpp and f =1 kHz and apply the signal between the gates of M1 and M2 and keep VCM at 0. Measure the drain voltages of M1 and M2 and calculate the differential voltage gain as the difference of the two. View and include in your report the plots of the output voltages. (Do they look as you expect as far as their relative magnitude and phase difference?) 2. Calculate the differential voltage gain and compare it with the measured value.