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MAHALAKSHMI

ENGINEERING COLLEGE TIRUCHIRAPALLI- 621213.


QUESTION BANK

DEPARTMENT: ECE SUBJECT CODE: EC2201

SEMESTER III

SUBJECT NAME: ELECTRICALENGINEERING


Unit 1 D.C. MACHINES PART A (2 Marks)

1. What is the necessity of starter for starting DC motor?

(AUC MAY12)

2. Draw the speed torque characteristics of DC shunt and series motors. (AUC MAY12) 3. Draw the OCC curve of self excited generator. 4. State the principle of operation of DC motor. 5. What is self excited DC machines 6. Specify the role of commutator in DC generator 7. Mention the role of starters in DC motors. 8. State the purpose of yoke in DC machine. 9. What is meant by self excited generator? 10. What is need of the starter? 11. Write the emf equation of DC generator. 12. State the advantages of Swinburns test.
(AUC NOV11) (AUC NOV11) (AUC MAY11) (AUC MAY11) (AUC NOV10) (AUC NOV10) (AUC MAY10) (AUC MAY10) (AUC NOV09) (AUC NOV09)

PART- B (16 marks) 1. A 240V DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.5 and filed resistance of
120. This motor drives a constant torque load and takes an armature current 0f 22A at 850rpm. If the motor speed is to be raised to 100 rpm from 850 rpm. Find the resistance that must be inserted in the shunt filed circuit. Assume magnetization curve to be straight line.
(AUC MAY12)

2. Draw the schematic diagram of 3 point starter and explain its working principle. (AUC MAY12,NOV09)

3. A 4 pole DC motor runs at 600rpm on full load and takes 25A, 450V the armature is
lap connected and the flux per pole is given by =(1.7*10-2)I0.5 wb where I is the motor current. If the supply voltage and torque are haveled, calculate the speed at which the motor will run. Neglect the stray losses.
(AUC MAY12) (AUC MAY12)

4. Discuss various speed control technique of DC machines. R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE

5. Derive the EMF equation of DC generator.

(AUC DEC11,10, MAY10,NOV09)

6. Draw and explain the load characteristics of DC shunt and series generator (AUC DEC11)

7. Explain the construction and working of three point starter with the neat sketch.
(AUC DEC11)

8. The input to 230V DC shunt motor is 11Kw. Calculate 1) efficiency. 2) The torque
developed. 3) The speed on this load. The particular of the motor are as follows. No load current =5A. No load speed=1100rpm. Ra=0.1 and Rsh=115.(AUC DEC11)

9. What is meant by armature reaction? What are the methods to overcome Armature
reaction?
(AUC MAY11)

10. A shunt generator delivers a load current of 48A at 400V and the resistance of
Armature and shunt filed are 0.2 and 200 respectively. Calculate the generated emf and armature current. Allow the brush drop of 1V per brush.
(AUC MAY11)

11. Draw the speed torque characteristics of DC series motor and DC shunt motor. Also
suggest the application base on the characteristics.
(AUC MAY11)

12. A 500V DC shunt motor draws 5A at no load. Its armature and filed resistance are
0.5 and 250 respectively. Estimate the efficiency when the motor draws 52A.neglect the brush drops.
(AUC MAY11)

13. A lap wound 6 pole shunt generator supplies 10 Kw at a terminal voltage of 400V.
The armature and shunt filed are 0.12 and 200 respectively. Calculate the generated emf. Allow the brush drop of 1v per brush. Also calculate no. of conductors if the speed is 100rpm. And the flux per pole is 30mwb. Neglect the armature reaction.
(AUC DEC10)

14. Explain the method of controlling speed of DC shunt motor below and above the
rated speed. .
(AUC DEC10)

15. A 4 pole 250V DC shunt motor has 450 lap wound conductors. It takes 32A from a
250V DC supply and develops output power of 7500W. The armature resistance and shunt filed resistance values are 0.1 and 250 respectively. The flux per pole is 30 mwb. Calculate the speed and torque developed by the motor in N-m.
(AUC DEC10)

16. Draw and explain the characteristics of DC series generator with neat sketch.
(AUC MAY10,NOV09)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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17. The armature of 6 p0le DC generator has a wave winding with 650 conductors.
Calculate the generated emf when the flux per pole is 0.055wb and the speed is 300rpm. Calculate the speed at which the armature must be driven to generate an emf of 550V if the flux per pole is reduced to 0.05 wb. .
(AUC MAY10)

18. A 440V dc shunt motor takes 4A at no load. Its armature and filed resistance are 0.4
and 220 respectively. Estimate the KW output and efficiency when the motor takes 60A on full load. .
(AUC MAY10)

19. The following readings were obtained in a break test conducted on DC shunt motor.
Supply Volts=240V, armature current=35A. Shunt filed current=4A. Load on the band=60kgf, load on the other band =15kgf. Diameter of break pulley=35cm, speed=100rpm. Determine. 1) The output torque 2) Efficiency
(AUC DEC09)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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Unit 2 TRANSFORMERS PART A (2 Marks)


1. State the condition for maximum efficiency of transformer. (AUC MAY12) (AUC MAY12) (AUC NOV11)

2. Transformer rating is referred in KVA. Why 3. Define regulation in transformer?


5. What is a step up transformer? 6. Mention the function of breather in transformer. 7. State the condition for maximum efficiency of transformer. 8. Classify the type of transformer based on core construction. 9. Draw the equivalent circuit of transformer. 10. Define the term regulation in transformer. 11. What is meant by transformation ratio?

4. Draw the load characteristics of transformer for different types of load. (AUC NOV11)
(AUC MAY11) (AUC MAY11) (AUC NOV10) (AUC NOV10) (AUC MAY10) (AUC MAY10) (AUC NOV09)

12. What is the purpose of conducting open circuit and short circuit test in transformer? (AUC NOV09)

PART B 1. A single phase 25 KVA , 50Hz 2200/220V single phase transformer has the following
test results. O.C test 220V, 4.2A 148W on LV side S.C test 85V, 10.5 A, 360W on H.V side. Determine Regulation and efficiency at 0.8 pf lagging at full load, and P.f on short circuit. And obtain the approximate equivalent circuit referred to HV side.
(AUC MAY12)

2. The maximum efficiency of single phase 11000/440V, 550kvA transformer is 97.5%


and occurs at 80% full load unity power factor. The impedance is 3.5% and the load power factor is varied while the load current and the supply voltage are constant at their rated value. Determine the load power factor at which the secondary terminal voltage is minimum and find the value of latter.
(AUC MAY12)

3. Deduce the equivalent circuit of transformer from the basic principle.

(AUC Nov11)

4. A 2200/200V transformer draws a no load primary current of 0.6A and absorbs


400W. Find the magnetizing and iron loss current. Draw also the no load phasor diagram.
(AUC NOV11)

5. Explain the method for conducting OC and SC test on a transformer with a neat
circuit.
(AUC NOV11) (AUC NOV11)

6. A 230/230V, 3KVA transformer gave the following results. R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE

1) OC test 230V, 2A, 100W 2) SC test 15V, 13A,120W Determine the regulation and efficiency at full load 0.8 pf lagging.

7. List the various parts of a transformer. Also explain the constructional features of a
transformer.
(AUC MAY11)

8. A 100KVA transformer has iron loss of 720W and full load Cu loss of 2100 W. determine its efficiency at full load at unity power factor and at 0.8 pf lagging

9. Draw the phasor diagram for an ideal transformer with resistive and inductive load.
(AUC MAY11)

10. The emf induced per turn of a single phase 11000/440V, 50Hz single phase
transformer is approximately 11 V. calculate the number of turns in high voltage and low voltage windings and net cross sectional area of the core for a maximum flux density of 1.5 Tesla.
(AUC MAY11)

11. Mention the working principle of a transformer. Also list the various application of
transformer.
(AUC NOV10)

12. The open circuit and short circuit test on a 20KVA 440V/100V 50Hz single phase transformer gave the following results. Test Open circuit test When LV side is open Short circuit test When LV side is short circuited Voltage Current Power consumption 80W

400V

2Amps

20V

50A

250W

Determine the parameters of the equivalent circuit and draw the equivalent circuit referred to HV side.
(AUC NOV10)

13. Explain the method of conducting open circuit test and short circuit test on
Transformer. Why these test are to be performed.
(AUC NOV10)

14. A 10KVA transformer having 1100 turns on High voltage side and 100 turns on low
voltage side. If the high voltage side is energized with 2200 V ,50Hz AC supply calculate. 1) No load voltage on low voltage side. 2) Full load HV and LV side current.
(AUC NOV10)

3) Maximum value of the flux in the core. R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE


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15. Explain the behavior of transformer under no load condition.

(AUC MAY10)

16. A 30KVA 2000/220V single phase 50 Hz transformer has a primary resistance of 3.5
ohm and reactance of 4.5ohms. The secondary resistance and reactance are 0.015 ohms and 0.02 ohms respectively. Find the equivalent resistance reactance and impedance. 1) Referred to primary 2) Referred to secondary.
(AUC MAY10)

17. Explain the procedure for conducting open circuit and short circuit test on the
transformer with neat circuit diagram.
(AUC MAY10)

18. A single phase 80 KVA, 2000/200V, 50Hz transformer has an impedance drop 0f 85
and resistance drop of 4%. Find the regulation at full load 0.8 power factor lagging.
(AUC MAY10)

19. Explain the construction and working of a transformer. 20. A single phase transformer is connected to a 230V, 50Hz Supply. The net cross
sectional area of the core is 60cm2. The number of turns in the primary is 500 turns and the secondary 100. Determine. 1) Transformation ratio 2) Maximum value of flux density in the core and 3) EMF induced in the secondary winding.
(AUC DEC09)

21. The following readings were obtained from O.C and S.C test on 8KVA, 400120V
50Hz transformer. OC test(LV side) 120V SC test(HV side) 9.5V 4A 75W
(AUC DEC09)

20A 110W

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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Unit 3-INDUCTION MOTORS


PART A(2 Marks)

1. Draw the equivalent circuit of induction motor with respect to primary.


(AUCMAY12)

2. How the direction of rotation of 3 phase induction motor could be reversed.


(AUCMAY12)

3. Three phase induction motor never run at synchronous speed. Justify this
statement.
(AUCNOV11) (AUCNOV11) (AUCMAY11) (AUCMAY11) (AUCNOV10) (AUCNOV10)

4. Name some application of single phase Induction motor. 5. List the various types of single phase induction motor. 6. Mention the advantages of squirrel cage induction motor. 7. Mention the starter used for squirrel cage induction motor. 8. Define the term slip in induction motor. 9. Draw the torque slip curve of three phase induction motor.

(AUCMAY10)
(AUCMAY10)

10. Single phase induction motor in not at all self starting- justify the statement.

11. Draw the equivalent circuit of the three phase induction motor 12. Define the term slip in the three phase induction motor. PART -B 1. Describe various methods of speed control of 3 phase induction motor.

(AUCNOV09) (AUCNOV09)

(AUCMAY12, NOV11,MAY11,DEC10,MAY10)

2. An induction motor has an efficiency of 0.9 when delivering an output of 37KW. At


this load the stator CU losses and rotor CU losses each equal to the iron loss. The mechanical losses are one third of the no load. Calculate the slip.
(AUCMAY12)

3. The starting torque and maximum torque of a three phase induction motor are 140%
and 220% of full load torque. Neglecting stator resistance and assume constant rotor resistance calculate. 1. Slip at maximum torque 2. Full load slip 3. Rotor current at starting in terms of full load current.
(AUC MAY12)

4. The power input to the rotor of 400V, 50Hz 6 pole 3 phase induction motor is 20KW.
The slip is 3%. Calculate
(AUC DEC11)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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1. Frequency of rotor current. 2. Rotor speed 3. Rotor cu loss Rotor & resistance per phase if rotor current is 60A.

5. Why single phase induction motor is not self starting.


6. Explain the detail about any two type of single phase induction motor

(AUC DEC11) (AUC DEC11)

7. Draw the equivalent circuit of an induction motor. Also explain the method of
calculating the equivalent circuit parameters.
(AUC MAY11)

8. A three phase induction motor running at 1470 RPM on the 415V 50Hz power
supply. Calculate the number of poles, the slip and the rotor frequency.
(AUCDEC10,MAY11)

9. What are the various types of induction motor starters used for starting squirrel cage
induction motor and slip ring induction motor? Also explain the role of starter in induction motor.
(AUC DEC09,MAY11)

10. Draw and explain the torque slip characteristics of an induction motor
(AUC DEC09,10)

11. Explain the construction and working of three phase induction motors. (AUCMAY10) 12. Explain the construction and working of different types of single phase induction
motors.
(AUCDEC09)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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Unit 4-Synchronous and Special Machines PART A (2 Marks)


1. Mention the application of Hysteresis motor. (AUCMAY12) (AUCMAY12)

2. Define hunting

3. State the advantages of Rotating magnetic field systems in synchronous machines.


(AUCNOV11)

4. What is the principle of operation of reluctance motor? 5. Define the term voltage regulation for alternator. 6. Specify the role of damper winding in synchronous motor. 7. Name the different types of losses in alternator. 8. What is meant by hunting in synchronous motor? 9. Write the EMF equation of alternator. 10. State the application of Hysteresis motor. 11. State the principle of operation of reluctance motor. 12. What is meant by synchronous impedance in alternator? PART-B

(AUCNOV11) (AUCMAY11) (AUCMAY11) (AUCNOV10) (AUCNOV10) (AUCMAY10) (AUCMAY10) (AUCNOV09) (AUCNOV09)

1. A 6.6 KV star connected 3 phase synchronous motor woks at constant voltage and

constant excitation. Its synchronous reactance is 30 ohm per phase. Neglecting resistance when the input is 100KW the power factor is 0.8 lagging. Find the power factor when the input is increased to 1400KW.
(AUCMAY12)

2. Explain the construction and working principle of Hybrid stepper motor. (AUCMAY12) 3. Describe the construction and working mechanism of reluctance motor. (AUCM AY12) 4. The efficiency of three phase 400V star connected synchronous motor is 92% and its
takes 22A at full load unity p.f. what will be the back emf generated and total mechanical power decleoped in the KW for full load and 0.8 p.f lagging? The impedance per phase is (0.3+j4) ohms.
(AUCMAY12) (AUCDEC11)

5. Derive the emf equation of alternator.

6. Explain the method of predetermination of regulation using mmf method(AUCDEC11) 7. Explain the construction working of any one type of stepper motor.
(AUCDEC11)

8. Explain the construction and principle of operation of three phase alternator


(AUCMAY11)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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9. Describe the method of determination of regulation of an alternator by EMF method.


(AUCMAY11)

10. Why the synchronous motor is not self starting? Discuss the method of strating
synchronous motor.
(AUCMAY11) (AUCMAY11)

11. Derive the EMF equation of three phase alternator.

12. What are the advantages of having stationary armature winding in three phase
alternator.
(AUCDEC10)

13. Describe the method of determining the regulation of an alternator by MMF method.
(AUCDEC10)

14. Explain the construction of salient pole alternator. 15. State the advantages and limitation of variable reluctance motor.

(AUCDEC10) (AUCDEC10)

16. Explain the method of finding voltage regulation by EMF and MMF method
(AUCMAY10)

17. Write short notes on 1. Reluctance motor 2. Hysteresis motor

(AUCMAY10)

18. Explain the construction and working of synchronous generator. 19. Explain the construction working and application of stepper .

(AUCDEC09) (AUCDEC09)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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Unit 5-TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PART A(2 Marks) 1. Define load factor and capacity factor. 2. What are the advantages of grid formation in power system.
3. Name the different types of insulators. (AUCMAY12) (AUCMAY12) (AUCNOV11) (AUCNOV11) (AUCMAY11)

4. State the salient features of EHVDC transmission system. 5. Specify the role of insulators in transmission and distribution system.
for power distribution.

6. Mention the advantages of Cable, when compared to Over Head transmission lines
(AUCMAY11) (AUCNOV10) (AUCNOV10) (AUCMAY10) (AUCMAY10) (AUCNOV09) (AUCNOV09)

7. List any four conventional power generation techniques. 8. What is the need of EHVDC transmission systems? 9. What is the level of voltage at the distribution side? 10. Name the different types of Cables. 11. Name the different types of generating systems. 12. State the advantages of AC transmission. PART B
1. Compare A.C and D.C transmission system.

(AUCMAY'12) (AUCMAY 12, MAY10)

2. Draw the layout of substation and explain its components. 3. Discuss the construction of different types of insulator

(AUCMAY12,DEC10,MAY10,DEC09)

4. Draw the schematic diagram of power system network and describe the role of all the
components.
(AUCMAY12) (AUCDEC11,DEC09) (AUCDEC11) (AUCDEC11) (AUCDEC11,DEC09) (AUCMAY11) (AUCMAY11,DEC10) (AUCMAY10,MAY11)

5. With a line sketch explain the structure of power system 6. Draw the layout of substation. 7. With neat sketch explain any one types of generating station. 8. Discuss about structure and types of cables. 9. Explain the method of generating electricity using Hydro power. 10. List the various parts of a substation and specify its role. 11. Draw the single line diagram of typical electric power system. R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE

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12. Write short notes on EHVAC and EHVDC transmission system.

(AUCMAY11)

13. Explain the needs of power transmission and distribution systems. Also specify the
operating voltage level for transmission and distribution systems. 14. Compare the EHVAC and EHVDC transmission.
(AUCDEC10) (AUCMAY10)

R.Thiyagarajan Asst.Prof/EEE
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