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DISEASE PREVALENCE ACROSS COUNTIES, STATE & NATION

Brittany Garcia HSCI 273 Software Applications in the Health Sciences 6/3/12

OVERVIEW

Coronary Heart Disease Facts Map, chart Prevention Diabetes Facts Map, chart Prevention

Gonorrhea Facts Map, chart Prevention PSA Video Summary Conclusion

CORONARY HEART DISEASE

FACTS
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. In 2008, it caused almost 25% of all deaths in the U.S. In 2012, it was projected to cost the U.S. $108.9 billion

Including

health care service, medications, & lost productivity

CHD ACROSS COUNTIES, STATE & NATION

San Bernardino County has the highest age adjusted death rate for CHDsurpassing the state and national rates.

PREVENTION
1. Dont smoke or use tobacco 2. Maintain a healthy body weight 3. Eat a heart-healthy diet

4. Exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week

5. Get regular health screenings -Blood pressure - Cholesterol - Diabetes

DIABETES

FACTS

As of 2011, 25.8 million people in the U.S. have diabetes


8.3%

of the population

Riverside, San Bernardino and Imperial counties exceeded both the state & national age adjusted death rates for diabetes 11.8% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes 10.8% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes

In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65+ years

COUNTY-LEVEL ESTIMATES OF DIAGNOSED DIABETES AMONG ADULTS AGED 20 YEARS: UNITED STATES 2009

Age-adjusted percent
0 - 6.3 6.4 - 7.5 7.6 - 8.8 8.9 - 10.5 > 10.6

CHD & DIABETES ACROSS COUNTIES, STATE & NATION

Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2-4 times higher than adults without diabetes.

PREVENTION
1. Exercise

For every 500 kcal burned weekly through exercise, there is a 6% decrease in relative risk for the development of diabetes. Improves insulin sensitivity

2. Weight loss

3. Smoking

More than 20 cigarettes/day increases risk more than 3 times than that of nonsmokers
Improves blood sugar control Lowers risk of heart disease Promotes weight loss by helping you feel full

4. Eat lots of fiber


GONORRHEA

FACTS

Young adults are more at risk for contracting gonorrhea.

60% of gonorrhea infections occur in people ages 15-24

Approx. 700,000 people in the U.S. contract gonorrhea every year.

Less than half report

In 2009, gonorrhea was the 2nd most reported infectious disease in the U.S. Between 60-73% of those infected with an STI become infected again in less than a year

GONORRHEA RATES BY COUNTY: U.S. 2010

CRUDE CASE RATE FOR GONORRHEA ACROSS COUNTIES

San Bernardino & San Diego County held the highest cruse case rate for gonorrhea out of the four counties.

PREVENTION
1. Use a condom when you have sex 2. Ask your partner to be tested for STIs 3. Dont have sex with someone who has any unusual symptoms

4. Consider regular gonorrhea screening if you have an increased risk 5. Gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment
antibiotics

PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT: HEART DISEASE

Video: Prevent Heart Disease, Diabetes & High Blood Pressure

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SUMMARY

Among the 4 counties, the most frequent cause of death was diseases of the heartexcept for San Diego County, which was cancer. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. 8.3% of the U.S. population are diagnosed with diabetes. Gonorrhea is the 2nd most reported infectious disease in the U.S.

SUMMARY CONTINUED: SAN BERNARDINO GIS MAP

In San Bernardino County (as well as the other 3 counties), the area is scattered with large numbers of fast food restaurants and few grocery stores. Highly correlated with heart disease & diabetes Food deserts Lack of access to healthy food options

CONCLUSION

To move forward in a positive and beneficial manner, these counties are in need of Public health, community-based activities such as:
Groups promoting healthy and active lives for community members Health education lessons or classes to increase awareness of the dangers and risks of making unhealthy decisions as well as the benefits of eating healthy and exercise More grocery stores for easier access to more nutritious food options