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WARNING DISCLAIMER

This summary journal which is compiled using different sources (Appendix A - Bibliography) to provide information on the child care and feeding of babies for 4 6 months old. Compiler/Translator shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any parent, person, or entity with respect to any illness, disability, injury, loss, or damage to be caused, or alleged to be caused, directly or indirectly by the information contained in this journal. This summary journal should be used only as a supplement to your pediatricians advice, not as substitute for it. It is not the purpose of this summary journal to replace the regular care of the American Academy of Pediatrics, or any pediatrician, nutritionist, registered dietician, or other professional person or organization. However, there may be mistakes both typographical and in content. Therefore, this summary journal should be used only a general guide. You should discuss with your pediatrician the information contained in this summary journal before applying it. Again, this is just the summary journal. If you wish to read more, please buy the original book listed in the Appendix A Bibliography.

IMPORTANT
Please READ before continuing to reading the Baby Food Journal below. In the baby food journal you are about to read, you will find the following authors mentioned below recommend that you may feed your baby solid foods from 4 to 6 months of age. However According to The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recent recomendations, solid foods shall be introduced around 6 months of age. You shall consult with your doctor about when to introduce solid foods and how to do it.
Read more: http://www.aap.org/breastfeeding/faqsbreastfeeding.html#20

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends mothers breastfeed exclusively for at least 4 months but preferably 6 months and continue breastfeeding after introduction of solid foods until 12 months of age. Check with your child's doctor about vitamin D and iron supplements during the first year.
Read more: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/feedingnutrition/Pages/default.aspx

Baby Food Journal


(6 to 12 months old)
Compiled and translated by WWH (www.facebook.com/whatwhynhow)
1

Starting solid foods will NOT make your baby sleep through the night.
Most babies start sleeping through the night by four months of age. It is not because their tummies are full of rice cereal, but because they are developmentally able to by that age.

Introducing solid foods at an early age (before babies can digest them) may result in food allergies.

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

Sign of Readiness

i. Babies usually start solid food between the ages of 4 and 6 months. ii. Solid foods should only be introduced :(a) able to control his neck and head muscles (b) sit with support (c) lift his head off a blanket (d) other indicators of readiness: - showing signs of hunger after 6 to 8 full breastfeed in a 24 hour period Signs that more nutrition is - baby who has well-established night time required during the day sleep pattern, any abnormal waking at night between 5 and 6 months of age - waking early during naps - Remember: Starting solid foods will NOT Make your baby sleep through the night.
4

The Big Picture: Nutrition For The First Year

Below is the big picture. Remember, these are average ranges. There s no need to panic if your baby isnt right on the curve: Age 0 2 weeks 2 weeks to 2 months 2 to 4 months 4 to 6 months 6 to 9 months 9 to 12 months 12 months + Breast Milk / Formula 18 24 oz 20 32 oz 30 40 oz 32 40 oz 28 36 oz 20 30 oz 16 oz whole or 2% milk Solid Foods none none none 0 4 oz 6 14 oz 10 18 oz 3 solid meals plus 2 snacks

* Liquid volumes decrease as solid volumes increase.


5

The FIVE Food Stages Stage One :


4 to 6 months Single grain cereal and Single ingredient baby foods 6 to 7 months Single ingredient and combination foods; Vegetables and fruits for added variety and flavor 8 to 12 months Slightly coarser than strained foods 750 to 900 calories each day with 400 to 500 coming from breastmilk or formula 12 to 15 months Regular family meals Supplement with some baby food 15 months and up Regular family meals No baby food supplement

Stage Two :

Stage Three :

Stage Four :

Stage Five :

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

Water is Important to Kidney Functioning When you introduce solid foods, begin giving your baby a little water after and between meals. It will help his kidneys dilute the more concentrated waste products of solid foods.

Does my baby need any water?


- Not until six months of age. about 4 to 6 ounces of water a day is adequate. - The only reason that we recommend using distilled bottled water to prepare formula is to ensure your infant doesnt get too much fluoride.

Mastering New Skill


i. Baby may tongue thrust his cereal out of his mouth

- not a sign that he doesnt like his food - but rather that he doesnt know what to do with it. It may take a dozen attempts before the child willingly accepts your food selection.

ii. If you experience a strong resistance from your baby toward a particular food, consider suspending its introduction for a few weeks then try again.
9

Check for Allergic Reactions


i. One basic rule of introducing solids is to begin with one item at time, waiting 3 to 5 days to see if your baby develops an allergic reaction. ii. NEVER introduce multiple food sources at the same time. Otherwise, you will not know which food caused the allergic reaction.

10

Getting Started with Rice Cereal


i. DO NOT be overly alarmed if your baby loses interest in eating before you think he should. ii. If you see him :- turning his head away from the spoon - thrusting food out of his mouth - or begins to cry Then mealtime is over. You can return to breastfeeding or offer the rest of his bottle of formula.

iii. We would encourage you to consider eventually introducing all three cereals over the course of a couple of months. DO NOT introduce wheat cereal without consulting your pediatrician.
11

Types of Cereals:- Rice cereal - Oat cereal - Barley cereal

Combining Breastfeeding and Solids

Once start adding solids to babys diet i. gradually decrease from 32 ounces a day to about 24 ounces ii.should receive at least 20 ounces of milk per day alongside a varied diet until he is a year old.

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

12

How to Begin
1 tablespoon cereal 2 tablespoons cereal 3 tablespoons cereal 4 tablespoons cereal + + + + 4 tablespoons liquid adequate liquid adequate liquid adequate liquid Times: Times: One meal One meal

Day 1 : Day 2 : Day 3 : Day 4 :

Times: Twice a day Times: Twice a day Times: 3 times a day

Day 5 up to 2 weeks: cup cereal per meal Approximately 59ml

Then start introducing vegetables AFTER cereal has been successfully introduced. Parents Note: Please stay on Day 1 or Day 2, the total amount of tablespoons of cereal if baby is not yet ready to proceed to the next stage, to accept thicker cereal as instructed in Day 3 and up. Until baby is ready, then gradually go for thicker mixture instruction as mentioned from Day 3 and up. NOTE: i. Although you will be making changes to the amount of the cereal / liquid combination, keep the consistency the same. ii. suggest you continue at least 1 serving a day up through the first year.
13

The Consistency of the First Solid Food is Not !


i. Your babys first food after breast milk or formula should be more liquid than solid. It should be so liquid that it pours off the spoon. ii. Thick food may make him gag or choke. iii. For commercial rice cereal - use only a teaspoon and mix it with about 2 tablespoons of liquid. iv. Liquid : Either use water, breastmilk or formula v. For cooked sweet potato, ripe banana, or ripe avocado mash or pure it until it is very smooth and has absolutely no lumps.

14

Parents Note:

You may also find the directions how to mix cereal with liquid from:i. For example: Gerber Single grain Brown Rice a.. Babys first cereal feeding: Mix 1 tablespoon cereal with 4-5 tablespoons of breastmilk or formula b. Microwave Guidelines for Heating: Mix cup of cereal with - cup unheated liquid. ii. Internet Sources: a. How to Feed a Baby Rice Cereal (English version) Link: http://www.ehow.com/how_4531759_feed-baby-rice-cereal.html b.Infant Feeding Guides (English version) Link: http://www.nal.usda.gov/wicworks/Sharing_Center/NJ/infant%20feeding%20guide.pdf

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

15

Introducing Vegetables
Is ready for vegetables

i. Once baby starts to receive 3 cereal portions a day ii. Introduce yellow vegetable first. iii. 3 of 4 days later introduce green vegetables.

iv. Start with a jar or less for few days, watching for allergic reactions. v. By day 4 or 5, increase vegetables to 1 small jar twice a day, usually at lunch and dinner vi. At Stage 2 (6 to 7 months old), move to the larger baby-food jars and serve approximately 3 ounces vii. You can continue this through 8 month and until you begin offering home-prepared vegetables.
16
th

- Offer at least twice a day - 1 jar at lunch and 1 jar at dinner

Serving Portions
i. Normally, baby-food jars used in Stage One, contain 2 ounces of food. ii. Containers used in Stage 2 hold 3 ounces.

17

Introducing Fruits
i. fruits should be used as a complementary food source to vegetables, NOT a substitute for them. ii. Offer vegetables first and cereal or fruit flavored cereal last. iii. How Much Fruit at Each Serving ? 5 to 6 months old 7 months old 8 months old 9 to 12 months old 1 to 2 oz. 3 to 4 oz. 4 to 6 oz. Introduced soft, mashed or cut-up fruits Twice a day

Always pay attention to the listed age-recommended amounts on the baby-food jars.

such as banana, applesauce, avocado, pear, peach, prune or berries with no seeds.

iv. Note: Before 10 months, DO NOT offer your baby whole grapes, cherry tomatoes or citrus fruits.
18

can be mashed into servings but never given whole.

Introducing Meat

i. Breastmilk and formula are excellent sources of highly digestible protein, meats are not necessary to meet your babys protein needs. Therefore, a. hold off giving your baby meats until he is fully established on vegetables and fruits b. hold off until Stage 3 (8 to 12 months) ii. Offer 2 oz a day offer at the mid-day meal iii. Avoid processed meats iv You may introduce a cooked egg yolk after meats have been accepted. v. Some recommend that you wait until 8 months before introducing egg yolks and cottage cheese . because they tend to have high sodium content Egg whites are link to food reactions and should not be introduced until after a babys first birthday.
19

Egg Yolk : Every second day or 3 4 times per week

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

20

Parents Notes : You may introduce meat after egg yolk have been accepted and
concentrate on introducing new veggies.

21

Juices

i. Fruit juices is the least necessary ii. You may introduce juices as early as 6 months, but recommend holding off until Stage 3 (8-12 months) iii. Avoid pulp-filled citrus fruits and juices until after your babys first year. iv. Baby should not have any fruit drinks until he is well into the toddler years and pasteurized juices are the safest. v. Fruit Juices VS. Fruit Drinks Pulp is difficult for baby to swallow and could cause choking.

- are labeled 100% - only have a percentage of fruit fruit juice with no juice, supplement with added additives sugars and sulfates - are naturally sweet - can and should be diluted 50-60% with water - should not be offered everyday
22

Bottom Line :

Children with poor weight gain, chronic diarrhea, or rotten teeth often are juice-a-holics. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends no more than 6oz of juice a day for 1-6 years of age.
23

When and how do I switch to cows milk?

i. At one year of age. ii. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends whole or 2% milk until two years of age. iii. After the second birthday, your child should drink what the rest of the family is drinking. This should be skim milk (nonfat or 1%), everyone. The fat will clog your babys arteries just like it clogs ours

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

24

The Should Buy Organic List

www.babybullet.com

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

25

Allergy Alert

www.babybulet.com

26

The Signs of an Allergic Reaction

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

27

The Big Picture For Liquid And Solid Nutrition

Age
4 6 months

Liquid Nutrition
32 40 oz 5 6 meals 28 36 oz 4 5 meals

Solid Nutrition
Maybe cereal* Maybe fruit/vegetable* 0 1 feeding/day Cereal Fruit/Vegetable Meat Grains Dairy (limit amount) 1 3 feedings/day All of the above Table foods 3 meals/day

Solid Serving Size


2 4 tablespoon (1 2 oz) 1 or 2 items at each meal. 0 4 oz/day 2 4 tablespoon ( 1 2 oz) 2 or 3 items at each meal, or a whole Stage 2 jar**. More textures. 6 14 oz/day 3 4 tablespoon (2 oz) 3 items at each meal, or a Stage 3 jar***. Bite size pieces. 10 18 oz/day

6 9 months

9 12 months 20 30 oz 3 4 meals

* Solid nutrition from 4 6 months is completely optional. ** Stage 2 list : please read the book - Baby 411 on page163. *** Stage 3 list : please read the book Baby 411 on page 163

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

28

Super Baby Food Daily Servings and Portion Sizes

Super Baby Food

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

29

Summary Schedule for Introduction of Foods During Babys First Year

Super Baby Food

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

30

Summary Schedule for Introduction of Foods During Babys First Year

Super Baby Food 31

Web Reference:

http://www.babyfood101.com/food/ ... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

32

The Foods Most Likely and Least Likely to Trigger Allergies


Peanut Allergies waiting until age three before introducing a baby to peanuts, peanut butter, peanut oil, or anything containing these foods. A peanut allergy is a dangerous one and is similar to bee-biting allergies in that the reaction can be quick and dealy.

33

Important Safety Warnings


i. Honey, Corn Syrup, and Infant Botulism Do not feed uncooked honey or corn syrup to your baby before she is one year old. ... ii. Egg must be cooked thoroughly to be safe for baby and adults. iii.Rhubarb leaves Do not eat rhubarb leaves, they are toxic and can be fatal.

34

Other Foods My Baby Shouldnt Eat


i. Honey ii. Choking Hazards: Raw carrots, celery, popcorn, potato chips, nuts, hard candy, hard meat, fruits with seeds, raisins, hotdogs, and grapes (unless cut lengthwise). Wait on these foods until your child is really good at chewing (two or three years). iii.Artificial Sweeteners

35

Foods to Avoid Before 18 Months

Some foods are tougher to digest than others. And even though babys digestive system has come a long way, its still developing. Thats why its a good idea to avoid the following foods for another 6 months. At that time, check with your pediatrician to see if you can get the green light on: Chocolate
36

Cabbage

Cucumbers

Vanilla

Raw Onion

Vanilla Flavoring

Bland is Best for Baby


Hold the Salt and sugar When you are preparing homemade baby food, NEVER add salt and sugar.

37

Get Ready

i. Be ready to keep your facial expression pleasant, no matter what happens. ii. The point to remember is to keep your face pleasant at babys meal times. If your face looks anxious, your baby will be anxious, and mealtimes will turn out to be anxiety producing.
38

Whatever Happens, Smile and Say Mmmmm !!!

i. Dont show disappointment if she thrusts her tongue forward and seems to spit out the food 39 remember the extrusion reflex. ii. If she is spitting out the food, gently scrape it off her chin with the spoon and re-feed it to her. iii.Take it slowly and never push her to eat. iv.Remember : Your baby will look adorable when he is eating, but try not to laugh when he spits out his food. It may encourage him to continue to do this after its no longer cute.

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

40

Watch Carefully for Signs that You Should End the Meal

i. Keep feeding her until the food is gone, or until she turns her head away or closes her little mouth when she sees the spoon coming. ii. Fussiness is also a sign that your baby is finished eating. iii. NEVER force your baby to continue eating if she does not want to.
41

Praise the Good, Ignore the Bad


i. Most babies spit out food, throw food and dishes on the floor, and do other seemingly mischievous acts in the high chair. ii. You reaction will determine whether the behavior will continue, or worse, become a power ploy. iii. Giving normal baby behavior attention, even negative attention, may reinforce the behavior. iv. Keep a poker face when your baby does something in the high chair that annoys you he will notice if you look upset and may begin to practice tormenting you. v. Warning : If your baby looks adorable when she experiments and spits food over her chin for the first time, Dont smile or laugh She may enjoy your response and repeat the spitting after its no longer cute.

42

What to Do When Your Baby Wont Eat a Certain Food

i. Dont push it. Put it away and try again in a few weeks. ii. If you are afraid a toddler will not like a particularly healthy new food, such as kale, use a little reverse psychology to get her interested. Dont give her any and eat it in front of her; have the whole family eat it in front of her. She will want some. Be hesitant, but agree to give her some. If youre lucky, she will love to eat it because it makes her feel like a big girl who fits in with the rest of the adults in the family. iii. Remember : Babies always make a face when offered a new food, especially if it has a strong flavor.
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Do not go by her facial expression

Offer her another spoonful and if her little mouth opens to accept a refill, continue feeding.

You Can Put Your Baby in a High Chair, But You Cant Make Him Eat
i. Never force your baby to eat.

ii. When that little head turns or those lips close tight, its time to put the food away. iii. Never make him finish the last spoonful in the bowl throw it away. iv. Never make him finish the last half-ounce in the bottom of the bottle throw it away. v. Finishing the last bite will start your baby in the bad habit of eating when he is not hungry and throws off his bodys self-regulating mechanism, which may lead to overweight later in life.

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A - Bibliography Please buy the original book

44

What to Do with the Leftovers


Warning : i. either opened commercial jars or homemade

Do not keep it in the refrigerator for more than 1-2 days. Baby food can be spoiled without necessarily smelling bad. Serve it immediately; discard any leftovers and do not use them for another meal

ii. commercial infant cereal which has been mixed with liquid

iii. If leftover food has come in contact with your babys saliva
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Throw the food away.

Prevent leftovers and food waste


i. Method : Frozen Food Cube Method ii.
46

Detail version : Methods of Freezing and Thawing the Super Baby Foods a. Pure or fork-mash a very ripe avocado b. Spoon portions into the cubes of an ice cube tray, cover with aluminum foil to prevent freezer burn and nutrient loss. c. Freeze until solid d. Transfer the frozen food cubes into a plastic freezer bag. e. When mealtime comes, thaw a food cube or two and feed it to your baby.

iii. Brief version :

... Reference Sources : Read More: Please refer to Appendix A Please buy the original book

APPENDIX A : Bibliography
1,2 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 160, www.baby411.com 3 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 24. 4 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 97, www.baby411.com 5 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 25. 6 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 61 7 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 155, www.baby411.com 8,9 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, ParentWise Solutions, 2009, Page 25 26 10 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 27 28 11 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 29 30 12 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 28 29 13 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 24 14 Parents Note 15 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 30 16 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 31 17 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 32 18 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 32 - 33 19 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 103 20 Parents Notes 21 Gary Ezzo, M.A. and Robert Bucknam, M.D. <On Becoming BabyWise Book Two> Revised & Updated Edition, Parent-Wise Solutions, 2009, Page 35 22 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 155, www.baby411.com 23 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 156, www.baby411.com 24 <The Baby Bullet Pocket Nutritionist> Baby Bullet, LLC, www.babybullet.com, Page 3 25 <The Baby Bullet Pocket Nutritionist> Baby Bullet, LLC, www.babybullet.com, Page 5 26 <Baby Bullet Healthy Baby Nutrition Guide> Baby Bullet, LLC, www.babybullet.com, Page 29 27 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 174, www.baby411.com 28 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 58 29 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 86 30 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 87 31 Web References from www.babyfood101.com 32 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 32 33 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 35 37 34 Denise Fields & Ari Brown, M.D.. <Baby 411> 4th Edition, Windsor Peak Press,,2011, Page 171, www.baby411.com 35 <Baby Bullet Healthy Baby Nutrition Guide> Baby Bullet, LLC, www.babybullet.com, Page 123 36 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 50 37 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 25 38,40 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 25-26 39 Extrusion Reflex - Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Pg.11 41 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 72 42 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 56 43 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 53 44, 45 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 26 - 27 46 Ruth Yaron <Super Baby Food> 2nd Edition, Revised, F.J. Roberts Publishing Company, July 2010, Page 166-177