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NAME : .. CLASS : ..


TEST 1 2014 BIOLOGY FORM 4 (1 hour) Prepared by : ................................... (Mrs. Nurfatin B.J.) Checked by : ......................................... (Mrs.Noorazimah B.A.) INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES 1. This question paper consists of 2 sections; Section A and Section B. 2. Section A consists of 20 objective questions and Section B consists of 3 structured questions. Answer all questions. 3. Write your answers on the spaces provided in this question paper.

Approved by : ............................. (Mr. Liang K.S.)


*** WARNING*** : Students caught copying will get ZERO for all subjects in the test.

SECTION A (40 marks)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D

1. Diagram 1 shows some plants.

Diagram 1 Which of the following biologists may be able to identify these plants? A B Botanist Oncologist C D Entomologist Microbiologist

2. The graph shown in Diagram 2 is drawn by using the results of an experiment.

Rate of reaction


The rate of reaction is A B the constant variable. the responding variable.

Diagram 2 C D the independent variable. the manipulated variable.

3. The following steps are carried out in a scientific investigation P Forming the conclusion Q Conducting the experiment R Forming a hypothesis S Identifying the problem T Determining the variables What is the correct sequence? A B P, Q, R, S, T S, R, T, Q, P C D R, S, Q, T, P S,T, R, P, Q

4. Protoplasm is composed of A B C D cytoplasm and nucleus. cytoplasm and plasma membrane. plasma membrane and nucleus. cytoplasm, nucleus and plasma membrane.

5. Diagram 3 shows an animal cell.

X Diagram 3 What is the organelle labelled X? A B Nucleolus Chloroplast C D Mitochondrion Ribosomes

6. Table 1 shows the functions of four organelles. Organelle J K L M Function Stores sugar and salt solutions Has pigments that absorb light energy for photosynthesis Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell Site of protein synthesis Table 1

Which of the following represents organelles J, K, L and M? J A B C D Vacuole Mitochondrion Ribosome Vacuole K Chlorophyll Chlorophyll Chloroplast Chloroplast L Plasma membrane Plasma membrane Cell wall Plasma membrane M Mitochondrion Ribosome Nucleus Ribosome

7. Diagram 4 shows a plant cell.


Diagram 4 Which of the labelled parts is rigid, not elastic and permeable to all fluids? 8. An athlete began his intensive training on day P for a marathon event. Which of the following graphs shows the change in the number of mitochondria in the muscle tissue of this athletes legs? A C

9. Diagram 5 shows a cross section of the wall of a kidney tubule.

Diagram 5 The tissue labelled Y is made up of closely packed cells which form the inner lining of this organ. What is tissue Y? A B Nerve tissue Connective tissue C D Epithelial tissue Smooth muscle tissue

10. Which of the following is the characteristic of collenchyma cells? A B C D Large central vacuole. Irregular thickened cell wall. Very thick sclerified cell wall Absent of protoplast

11. What is the name of the structure in Paramecium sp. that helps in osmoregulation? A B Cilia Oral cavity C D Macronucleus Contractile vacuole

12. Diagram 6 shows the levels of cell organisation in a multicellular organism. Cell Tissue R Diagram 6 Which of the following is an example of R? A C System Organism

Question 13 and 14 are based on Diagram 7. 13. Diagram 7 shows a model of plasma membrane proposed by Singer and Nicolson in 1972.

Diagram 7 The name of this model is A B flexi-multilayer. fluid-mosaic model. C D lipid-fluidity model. mosaic-permeable model.

14. The plasma membrane is considered semi-permeable because A B C D its permeability depends on temperature. it allows everything non-polar to enter or leave a cell. it allows everything except water to enter or leave a cell. it allows some substances to enter or leave a cell but not others.

15. Which of the following is an example of simple diffusion in plants? A B C D Carbon dioxide diffuses from the surroundings into the leaves. Absorption of mineral ions from the soil into the root hair cells. Sugar transport in the phloem from the leaves to the root. Water transport in xylem from the root to the leaves.

16. Diagram 8.1 shows the movement of substance A across the plasma membrane of a cell by process X. Diagram 8.2 shows the movement of substance B across the plasma membrane of a cell by process Y.


Process Y Process X Substance B

Diagram 8.1

Diagram 8.2

Which of the following differences between process X and Y is correct? Process X A B C D Active transport Requires energy Substance A moves down the concentration gradient Involves carrier protein Process Y Facilitated diffusion Does not requires energy Substance B moves against the concentration gradient Involves pore protein

17. Diagram 9 shows a Visking tubing is filled with solution M and immersed in solution N for one hour.

Boiling tube Solution M

After 1 hour

Visking tubing Solution N

Diagram 9

What are solution M and solution N? Solution M A B C D 20% sucrose solution 10% sucrose solution Distilled water Distilled water Solution N Distilled water 20% sucrose solution 20% sucrose solution 10% sucrose solution

18. When a drop of human blood is mixed with 0.85% sodium chloride solution, the red blood cells maintain its normal size. What will happen if the blood is mixed with 0.11% sodium chloride solution? A B Plasmolysis Crenation C D Haemolysis Flaccid

19. Diagram 10 shows a graph of an experiment to study the effect of cyanide ions on the uptake of potassium ions by Hydrilla sp. cultured in a medium containing potassium ions.

Diagram 10 The addition of cyanide ions A B C D speed up the uptake of potassium ions by active transport. speed up the uptake of potassium ions by facilitated diffusion. inhibits the uptake of potassium ions by active transport. inhibits the uptake of potassium ions by facilitated diffusion.

20. In hypotonic solutions, the protoplasm of plant cells will expand and push against the cell wall. This force is known as A B turgor pressure. osmotic pressure. C D osmosis pressure. protoplasm pressure.

SECTION B (60 marks)

1. Diagram 11 shows a typical cell structure as seen under an electron microscope.

R : . P : .

S : .

Q :

Diagram 11 (a) Label P, Q, R and S in Diagram 11. (b) State the function of the organelle labelled R and S. [2 marks] [2 marks]

R : S : . (c) (i) Which of the following cells have high density of the organelle labelled Q? Put tick () in the correct box. [1 mark] Epithelium Ovum Sperm

(ii) Explain your answer in 1(c)(i).

[2 marks]

. . (d) State three differences between plant and animal cells. Characteristic Shape Cell wall Food storage Plant cell [3 marks] Animal cell

2. Diagram 12 shows the structure of plasma membrane.


(a) Name the structures, X, Y and Z.

Diagram 12 [2 marks] Z : .

X : Y :

(b) On which side of the membrane, U or V, the cytoplasm of the cell is located? (c) Draw and label the single structure of Y. [1 mark] [2 marks]

(d) Give two examples of particle that can move through the plasma membrane through diffusion. [2 marks] .. (e) By using the table below, list three differences between passive and active transport. [3 marks] Characteristic Passive transport Active transport

3. Diagram 13 shows two regions, A and B, which are separated by a semi-permeable membrane.

Sucrose molecule Water Semi-permeable membrane Region A Region B Diagram 13 (a) (i) Based on Diagram 13, which region is hypotonic? [1 mark]

. (ii) Give one reason for your answer in 3(a)(i) [1 mark]

(b) After 20 minutes, an equilibrium is achieved between region A and B. Complete the diagram below to shows the following; The level of the solution in both regions The number of sucrose molecules in both regions [2 marks]

Region A

Region B

(c) Name the process which occurs in 3(b).

[1 mark]

.. (d) A few pieces of cabbage is immersed in a concentrated salt solution. (i) Explain why the above action is able to preserve the cabbage for a long period of time. [2 marks] (ii) Complete diagram below by drawing the condition of the cabbage cell after the preservation process. [2 marks]

Before preservation (iii) State the condition of the cabbage cell in 3(d)(ii).

After preservation [1 mark]

END OF QUESTION PAPER *** WARNING*** : Students caught copying will get ZERO for all subjects in the test