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HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS

FOR

Project:
CONTRACT No.:
DATE:

3/16/2014

DESIGN DATA:
Occupancy classification:
Density:

l/s / m2

Area of application:

m2

Coverage per sprinkler:

m2

Number of Sprinkler Calculated:

nos.

Total water required:


(Including Hose Streams)

l/s

NAME of CONTRACTOR:
NAME of DESIGNER:

HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS

STEP No.

Name:
Address:
Area:

Dead End System without Velocity Pressure

FLOW
IN
(l/min)

NOZZLE
IDENT. &
LOCATION

PIPE
PIPE SIZE FITTINGS
(mm)
&
DEVICES

q=
1

Q=
q=

81.961

Q=

157.56

q=

88.823

Q=

246.38

q=

93.773

Q=

340.16

25

32

40

Pt =
Pe =

0.913 Pt =
Pv =

T=

L=

0.040 Pf =
Pt =

0.160 Pn =
1.074 Pt =

F=

40

q=

L=

Q=

F=

q=

L=

Q=

F=

q=

L=

Q=

F=

q=

L=

Q=

F=

q=

L=

Q=

F=

q=

L=

Q=

F=

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =
0

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =
0

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =
Pe =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =
0

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =

Pn =

Pt =

Q=

F=

Pe =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pf =

Pn =
1.405 Pt =
Pv =

q=

L=

Pt =

Q=

F=

Pe =

q=

L=

Q=

F=

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =
Pf =

Pn =

q=

L=

Pt =

Q=

F=

Pe =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

T=
15

Pe =

Pf =

T=
14

Pn =
1.405 Pt =
Pv =

L=

T=
13

Pv =

0.066 Pf =
Pt =

q=

T=
12

Pe =
0

F=

T=
11

0.144 Pn =
1.405 Pt =

L=

T=
10

0.036 Pf =
Pt =

F=

T=
9

T=
8

Pv =

L=

T=
7

Pe =

T=
6

Pv =
0.187 Pn =
1.261 Pt =

T=

T=
5

Pe =
0.047 Pf =
Pt =

F=

T=
4

of
C=
K=

120 Prepared by:


79.1 Date:

EQUIV.
FRICTION PRESSURE NORMAL
PIPE
SUMARRY PRESSURE
LOSS
LENGTH
(bar/m)
(bar/m)
(bar/m)
(m)
L=

75.60

Sheet

q=

L=

Q=

F=
T=

Pf =

Pn =

Pt =

1.405 Pt =
Pv =

Pe =
0

Pf =
Pt =

Pn =
1.405

NOTES

Notes:
- Light hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 18.6m2
2

REF. STEP

- Ordinary hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 12.1m


2
- Extra hazard Occupancy : The protection area per sprinkler : 9.3m

Density
Selection
(l/min)/m2
6.3

Calculated
Area
(m2)
139

Coverage
per
Sprinkler
2
(m )

Number of
Sprinkler
to be
Calculate
4

12

12

[Q/K]

Where:

Friction Loss Formula:

Q = l/min

75.6

79.1

L x 6.05 x

Pf =

Where:

0.913

bar/m

Q1.85

x 105

d (dia. mm)

1200

120

100

The flow increment in l/min to be added at a specific location:


q = Kp =
81.961
l/min
Where:

p (bar/m)
1.073649392

The K factor is determined by:


K=

10

11

12

13

14

15

xd

Where:

Q = l/min

Q/p =
p (bar/m)

4.87

Q = l/min

79.1
8

75.6

The total pressure (Pt) is determined by:

1.85

Flow in
First
Sprinkler
(Q=l/min)

Pt =
3

Number of
Sprinkler on
Branch Line
= (1.2A)/distance

#DIV/0!

length (m)
420

3.273

bar/m

Sprinkler Discharge Characteristics Identification


Nominal
Orifice
Size
(mm)
12.7
13.5
15.8

Orifice
Type

K
Factor

Standard
Large
Extra Large

5.3-5.8
7.4-8.2
11.0-11.5

K factor is the constant in the formula :


Where:
Q = Flow in gpm
P = Pressure in PSI
For SI unit:
Where:

Qm = KmPm
Q = Flow in l/min
P = Pressure in bars
Km = 14K

Percent of
Nominal
1/2 in.
Discharge
100
140
200
Q = KP

Fittings & Valves


450 Elbow
900 Elbow
Tee / Cross
Butterfly Valve
Gate Valve
Swing Check Valve

Fittings and Valves Expressed in Equivalent Meter of Pipe


20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.6096 0.6096 0.9144 0.9144 0.9144 1.2192
0.6096 0.6096 0.9144 1.2192 1.524 1.8288 2.1336 2.4384 3.048
0.9144 1.524 1.8288 2.4384 3.048 3.6576 4.572 5.1816 6.096
1.8288 2.1336 3.048
3.6576
0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.3048 0.6096
1.524 2.1336 2.7432 3.3528 4.2672 4.8768 5.7912 6.7056

essed in Equivalent Meter of Pipe


125
150
1.524 2.1336
3.6576 4.2672
7.62 9.144
2.7432 3.048
0.6096 0.9144
8.2296 9.7536

200
2.7432
5.4864
10.668
3.6576
1.2192
13.716

250
3.3528
6.7056
15.24
5.7912
1.524
16.764

300
3.9624
8.2296
18.288
6.4008
1.8288
19.812