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ECODESIGN

THE TWELVE STEP PROCEDURE


ECODESIGN
ECODESIGN
THE TWELVE
THE TWELVE
STEP
STEP
PROCEDURE
PROCEDURE
November 28, 2006
November 28, 2006
Lee Kun
Lee Kun
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Mo
Mo
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ECODESIGN
ECODESIGN
Integration of environmental aspects into
Integration of environmental aspects into
product design and development
product design and development
- - ISO /TR 14062 ISO /TR 14062 - -
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What are the environmental aspects?
What are the environmental aspects?
They are: They are:
- - stakeholder requirements (e.g., legal requirement and stakeholder requirements (e.g., legal requirement and
market pressure) market pressure)
- - environmentally weak points of the product in its life environmentally weak points of the product in its life
cycle cycle
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KEY QUESTIONS
KEY QUESTIONS
1. Why do we need to consider both product life 1. Why do we need to consider both product life
cycle aspect and stakeholder requirements cycle aspect and stakeholder requirements
aspect? aspect?
2. What is the outcome of each aspect? 2. What is the outcome of each aspect?
3. How can they be integrated into product 3. How can they be integrated into product
design? How would you proceed to develop an design? How would you proceed to develop an
improved product? improved product?
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1. Why do we need to consider both product life 1. Why do we need to consider both product life
cycle aspect and stakeholder requirements aspect? cycle aspect and stakeholder requirements aspect?
Environmental aspects of Environmental aspects of
the product (Internal) the product (Internal)
Stakeholder aspects Stakeholder aspects
(External) (External)
Identify the product Identify the product
Improve the product Improve the product
considering LCA considering LCA
Every product has its Every product has its
own environmental own environmental
aspects aspects
Identify the market Identify the market
and competitors and competitors
not only about not only about
environment, but also environment, but also
about trade about trade
Laws and regulations Laws and regulations
KEY QUESTIONS
KEY QUESTIONS
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2. What is the outcome of each aspect?
2. What is the outcome of each aspect?
Environmental aspects of Environmental aspects of
the product (Internal) the product (Internal)
Stakeholder aspects Stakeholder aspects
(External) (External)
LCA of the product LCA of the product
Environmental Quality Environmental Quality
Function Deployment Function Deployment
(EQFD) (EQFD)
Environmental Environmental
Benchmarking (EBM) Benchmarking (EBM)
Key environmental Key environmental
issues of the product issues of the product
Key environmental Key environmental
parameters parameters
Tools Tools
Out Out- -
come come
KEY QUESTIONS
KEY QUESTIONS
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3. How can they be integrated
3. How can they be integrated
into product design?
into product design?
ECODESIGN ECODESIGN
PILOT PILOT
EBM EBM
EQFD EQFD
E.P. E.P.
Assistant Assistant
LCA LCA
results results
Environmental Environmental
aspects aspects
Stakeholder Stakeholder
requirements requirements
KEY QUESTIONS
KEY QUESTIONS
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Objectives
Objectives
Describing a systematic procedure of implementing
ecodesign
Presenting a case study to demonstrate the applicability of
the systematic procedure
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ECODESIGN roadmap
ECODESIGN roadmap
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Describing the reference product
with environmental parameters
What product is to be
redesigned?
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E
E
nvironmental
nvironmental
parameters
parameters
for
for
product
product
development
development
weight
volume
materials used
problematic
materials
production-
technology
production-waste
supply parts
env.performance
packaging
transportation
lifetime
functionality
usability
energy
consumption
waste
noise,
vibrations
emissions
maintenance
reparability
fasteners, joints
disassembly
time
reusability
recycling
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A RICE COOKER
A RICE COOKER
A rice cooker (model: SJ -067)
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Modelling with environmental
Modelling with environmental
parameter
parameter
...
Injection moulding, metal casting, cutting
and gluing of box
PVC in cable
PP, steel, Al, cardboard, etc
19 different parts
Heating, cooking rice, and keeping cooked
rice warm
5 years
336 x 336 x 310(mm
3
)
3.81kg (Incl. packaging)
Value
...
Production technology
Problematic materials
Materials used
Number of parts
Functionality
Life time
Volume
Weight
Environmental
parameters
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
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Performing Environmental Quality
Function Deployment (EQFD)
What are the stakeholder
requirements?
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T
T
ype
ype
of
of
stakeholders
stakeholders
End user (individual demands to achieve customer
satisfaction)
B2B customer (demands to achieve competitive
advantage)
Environmental directives and regulations (mandatory
requirements to fulfil legislation)
Eco labels (voluntary product criteria to achieve
certification)
Standards (general/procedural requirements to fulfil)
Competitors (environmental design parameter or
feature to compete with)
source: Wimmer, Zst, Lee, 2004
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A relative importance is generated from step 4; From this
result, significant environmental parameters are identified
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Each environmental parameter is multiplied by the
relationship factor and summed up for all environmental
parameters
4
Define the relationship matrix between EVOC and
environmental parameters with relationship factor (0, 1, 3, 9)
3
Weighting EVOC with a scale from 0 to 10 2
Identifying stakeholders requirements and translate them
into environmental voice of customer(EVOC)
1
Activity Step
Five steps to carry out the EQFD
Five steps to carry out the EQFD
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Stakeholder requirements in the
Stakeholder requirements in the
EQFD
EQFD
Resulting env. parameter:
Materials used
problematic materials
Rate of recyclability
easy to disassemble
easy to recycle
easy to use
energy saving
durability
free of hazardous
substances
environmentally safe
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Environmental Benchmarking with
the competitors products (EBM)
What are the competitors
strengths and
weaknesses?
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Environmental Benchmarking
Environmental Benchmarking
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Environmental Benchmarking
Environmental Benchmarking
Resulting env. parameters :
Weight
Volume
Problematic materials
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Applying the ECODESIGN
PILOTs Assistant or performing
LCA and interpretation of results
What are the significant
environmental aspects of
the reference product?
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R
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5
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WI
(E-03)
Life Cycle stage
Impact
Category
Weighted Impact of entire life cycle
ARD
AD
EUT
GW
OD
POC
Performing the LCA
Performing the LCA
0.00 End of Life
96.93 Use
0.08 Manufacturing
2.99
Raw material
production
Contribution
(%)
Life cycle
stage
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Deriving common ECODESIGN
improvement strategies
How to combine
stakeholders requirements
and significant
environmental aspects
into improvement
strategies?
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Deriving common ECODESIGN
Deriving common ECODESIGN
strategies
strategies
Reducing consumption at the use
stage
Selecting the right materials
Recycling of materials
Reducing material inputs
Reduction of packaging
ECODESIGN improvement
strategies from the
ECODESIGN PILOT
LCA
Environmental
aspects
EQFD
and
EBM
Stakeholders
requirements
Tools Approaches
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Applying ECODESIGN PILOTs
checklists to determine redesign
tasks
Which ECODESIGN
guidelines should be
implemented in the
product?
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Ecodesign measure and Ecodesign
Ecodesign measure and Ecodesign
task
task
Label packaging to identify materials
used and give instructions for proper
disposal
Label packaging materials(including
instructions for disposal)
1. Providing an automatic sensitive on-off
switch to shut off electricity flow at the
completion of cooking rice
2. Developing a program to provide
adequate electricity at the stage of
keeping cooked rice warm
Minimize energy demand at the use stage by
choosing an adequate principle of function
Install a control switch to select desired
temperature by the customer for keeping
the cooked rice warm
Minimize energy consumption at the use
stage by increasing efficiency of a product
Phase out PVC
Avoid or reduce the use of toxic materials
and component
Ecodesign tasks for improving the rice
cooker (specific)
Ecodesign measures to implement
(generic)
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
Starting product improvement What are the
environmental product
specifications to start
with?
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Product target specifications
Product target specifications
Other product specifications ; they are not listed here
Give the end of life information according
to the WEEE Directive
Marking rice cooker Fixed End of Life
In the stage of keeping cooked rice warm,
providing a temperature sensor and a
controller to set and control the desired
temperature
Program for controlling
electricity
Optional
Automatically turns off at the completion
of the rice cooking
Sensitive switch
(on-off)
Fixed
Provide a temperature controller with low,
medium and high options
Temperature
Controller for keeping
cooked rice warm
Optional
Product use
Substitute lead and PVC according to the
RoHS Directive and the Nordic Swan
eco-label requirements
Phase out PVC Fixed
Use of raw
materials
Environmental product specifications
Explanation Name of specification
Type of
specification
LC stage
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ECODESIGN implementation in
ECODESIGN implementation in
12 steps
12 steps
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Summary of Ecodesign process
Summary of Ecodesign process
Product to be redesigned
Product to be redesigned
Function / subfunctions
identified
Function / subfunctions
identified
Functional Analysis
Functional Analysis
Ecodesign
Strategies / measures
Ecodesign
Strategies / measures
Ecodesign Tasks
Ecodesign Tasks
Ecodesign Target specifications
Ecodesign Target specifications
Add New function or Delete or
modify Existing functions
Add New function or Delete or
modify Existing functions
Find solutions for Each
sub-function from variants
Find solutions for Each
sub-function from variants
Variant selection using product target specification by
checking the degree of fulfillment of each specification
Variant selection using product target specification by
checking the degree of fulfillment of each specification
Products environmental
aspects in its entire life cycle
identify key env. process,
life cycle stage material
Internal, specific requirement
Products environmental
aspects in its entire life cycle
identify key env. process,
life cycle stage material
Internal, specific requirement
Product modeling
Product modeling
Environmental Analysis
Environmental Analysis
Stakeholder requirements
identify key environmental
parameters
External, generic requirement
Stakeholder requirements
identify key environmental
parameters
External, generic requirement
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Conclusions
Conclusions
Ecodesign tasks (specific tasks) lead to the generation of the
product target specifications
Both environmentally significant aspects and stakeholder
requirements of the product are considered
From the rice cooker case study, the systematic way of ecodesign
procedure can be amalgamated into the existing product design and
development process of a company
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www.ecodesign
www.ecodesign
-
-
company.com
company.com
Thank you !
kunlee@ecodesign-company.com