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IS 4080 (1994): Vertical staff gauges - Functional requirements [WRD 1: Hydrometry]

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IS 4080:1994

( Reaffirmed 2000 )

Indian Standard

VERTICAL STAFF GAUGES-FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS ( First Revision )

UDC 681128

BIS 1994

BUREAU
MANAK

OF

INDIAN
9 BAHADUR

STANDARDS
SHAH ZAFAR 110002 Price Group 2 MARG

BHAVAN,

NEW DELHI April 1994

Fluid

Flow Measurement

Sectional

Committee,

RVD

FOREWORD This Indian Standard ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after draft finalized by the Fluid Flow Measurement Sectional Cammittee had been approved by River Valley Division Council. the the

For the measurement of the water level in streams, different types of gauges, recording and nonrecording, are used. Non-recording type of gauges include the staff gauges, the chain gauges, the wire gauges, the tape gauges, the float gauges, the hook gauges, and the pointer gauges. The vertical staff gauge is the type most used because of its simplicity in installation and reading and because no mechanical device is involved in its simple design. This standard was first published in 1967. This revision has been prepared to incorporate the latest practice in the field and the use of materials like reinforced cement concrete and steel in vertical staff gauges. For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ). The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

IS 4080 : 1994

Indian Standard

VERTICAL STAFF GAUGES-FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS ( First Revision )


1 SCOPE This standard specifies the functional requirements and materials to be used for vertical staff gauges. 2 REFERENCES The Indian Standard IS 1911 : 1971 Glossary of terms and symbols used in connection with the measurement of liquid flow with a free surface (first revision ) is a necessary adjunct to this standard. 3 TERMINOLOGY For the purpose of this standard the definitions given in IS 1191 : 1971 shall apply. 4 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS require5.3 Wood The wood used shall be straight, uniform, and well-seasoned to avoid warping, shrinkage and swelling due to alternate wetting and drying or due to changes of temperature. 5.4 Paint A base coat of white enamel should protect the concrete, steel and wood. The paints used for the graduations should be permanent in nature and remain unaffected by water. 6 GRADUATIONS 6.1 The graduations shall be marked clearly, either by etching or by painting on the gauge posts or enamelling on steel plates, which are nailed or screwed to gauge post. 6.2 The graduations shall be such as can be read in centimetres, decimetres and metres distinctly. 6.3 The smallest graduation 5 mm. shall correspond to

Staff gauges shall meet the following ments:

a) They

shall be simple install and use,

to

manufacture,

b) They shall be durable and easy to maintain, cl They


shall be resistant to wear when exposed to flowing water and the effect of solid matter carried in suspension,

6.4 Gauge plates shall be manufactured in suitable lengths with the width of scale not less than 50 mm. 6.5 The markings of the subdivisions shall be accurate to f 05 mm and the cumulative error shall not exceed 01 percent or 05 mm whichever is grtater. 7 SIZES Each gauge length shall be of 2 m with cut-water shape on the upstream side of the gauge post. 8 TYPES Staff gauges are generally classified as follows: a) Wooden or concrete type, and b) Vertical enamelled wooden staff. Typical examples Annex A. iron gauges fixed on are given in

d) They shall be resistant to alternate

drying and wetting and also in respect of the to wear or fading of the resistance markings, and the material shall have low coefficient of expansion with respect to temperature and wetting effect, and

e) They shall be accurate and clearly marked.

5 MATERIALS 5.1 Reinforced Cement Concrete If reinforced cement concrete is used for the manufacture of staff gauges it shall be ensured that the concrete is cast in steel formwork and is well compacted and cured to ensure strength and durability. 5.2 Steel

of both types

Standard T-Section or angle section shall be used.

IS 4080:1994

ANNEX

A ( Clause 8 )
OF VERTICAL STAFF GAUGES When the difference between total rise and fall in water level is beyond the range of a single vertical staff gauge, several gauges should be installed along the line of cross-section running normal to the Row, taking care that the reading of gauges overlap each other by at least half a metre. It is very important that all such gauges have the same reduced level (RL) for their zero so that they will read in continuation of each other with reference to only one zero reduced level. A-2 DETAILS OF VERTICAL IRON GAUGES ENAMELLED

TYPICAL

EXAMPLES

A-l DETAILS OF WOODEN OR CONCRETE TYPE VERTICAL STAFF GAUGES ( See


Fig. 1 )

A-l.1

Size

The size of wooden/concrete gauge is generally 150 x 100 mm in two metre lengths, having cutwater shape on the upstream side. A-l .2 Paint For protection of wood or concrete, the gauges should be properly painted with a base coat(s) of white enamel paint. The markings and graduations shall be in metres, decimetres and centimetres and may be either painted in black and white or etched by machine.
A-l.3 Installation

The gauges shall be fixed to steel, concrete or wooden piles driven firmly into the river bed or banks so as to be safe from sinking, tilting or washing away due to flood current. Where there is considerable wave action, the gauge may be located in a stilling well to dampen wave action.

A-2.1 These should be of iron or steel plates with the markings and graduations in enamel (instead of paint ). Graduations shall be enamelled in black and white paint alternately and the metre, and the decimetre marking and numerical values should be enamelled in red. Holes should be provided at convenient locations to enable it to be screwed on to a smooth wooden/concrete post by means of brass or other non-corrodable screws. They should be made of short lengths not exceeding two metres to avoid difficulty and damage in transport. A-2.2 Installation The requirements specified in A-l.3 shall apply.

IS 4080:1994

I
f
5 MIN

DETAIL

AT A

VERTICAL

GAUGE

POST

All dimensions in centimetres.


FIG. I

TYPICAL DETAILS OF VERTICAL STAFF GAUGE

Rureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to Promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and attending ro connected matters in the countrv. Copyright No part of these publications mav be reproduced in BIS has the copyright of all Its publtcattons. the free use, in the any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude course of implementing the standard, of necessary details. such as symbols and sizes, type or grade Enquiries relating to copvright he addressed to the Director ( Publications I, BIS. designations. Revision of Indian Standards Indian Standards are reviewed Users issued from time to time. the latest amendments or edition. This Indian Standard periodically of Indian and revised, when necessary Standards should ascertain and amendments, if any, are that they are in possession of

has been developed

from Dot : No.


Issued

RVD

1(41

Amendments Amend No.

Since Publication Text Affected

Date of Issue

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