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Building

and
Maintaining
Computers
EverymanIT
January15,2011

Building and Maintaining Computers

January 15, 2011

Contents
Introduction..................................................................................................................................................3
Safety............................................................................................................................................................3
WhatisaComputer......................................................................................................................................3
ComputerHardware.................................................................................................................................4
Motherboard.........................................................................................................................................4
CPU........................................................................................................................................................5
RAM.......................................................................................................................................................6
HardDrives............................................................................................................................................6
OpticalDrives........................................................................................................................................7
MediaCardReaders..............................................................................................................................7
USBandFirewire...................................................................................................................................7
NetworkCards......................................................................................................................................8
VideoCards...........................................................................................................................................8
Cases.........................................................................................................................................................8
PowerSupplies......................................................................................................................................8
ComputerOperatingSystems...................................................................................................................9
64bitvs.32bit......................................................................................................................................9
TypesofLicenses:...............................................................................................................................10
WindowsVersions:.............................................................................................................................10
Software..................................................................................................................................................10
Drivers.....................................................................................................................................................10
BuildingaComputer...................................................................................................................................10
SpecingOutaNewComputer....................................................................................................................10
CommonDesktopTroubleshooting............................................................................................................11
OverheatedCPU......................................................................................................................................11
VideoCards.............................................................................................................................................12
Power......................................................................................................................................................12
HardDrives..............................................................................................................................................13
USB..........................................................................................................................................................13
LaptopHardwareRepair.............................................................................................................................13
HardDrives..............................................................................................................................................13
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Building and Maintaining Computers

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OpticalDrive............................................................................................................................................13
RAM.........................................................................................................................................................13
CPUFAN..................................................................................................................................................13
LCDScreen..............................................................................................................................................14
LCDInverter............................................................................................................................................14
Keyboard.................................................................................................................................................14
Motherboard...........................................................................................................................................14
PowerPlugResolder...............................................................................................................................14
CommonLaptopTroubleShooting..............................................................................................................14
Video.......................................................................................................................................................14
ShutdownorFreezeUp..........................................................................................................................14
BrokenHinges.........................................................................................................................................14
Misc.........................................................................................................................................................14
BIOS.............................................................................................................................................................15
InstallanOperatingSystem........................................................................................................................15
CreatingRecoveryDisks..........................................................................................................................15
StepstoInstallanOperatingSystem......................................................................................................15
WindowsMaintenance...............................................................................................................................15
Modes.....................................................................................................................................................15
ComputerManagement.........................................................................................................................16
EventViewer.......................................................................................................................................16
SharedFolders....................................................................................................................................17
LocalUsersandGroups.......................................................................................................................17
DeviceManager..................................................................................................................................18
DiskManagement...............................................................................................................................18
Services...............................................................................................................................................18
WindowsUpdate....................................................................................................................................19
RegEdit....................................................................................................................................................19
MsConfig.................................................................................................................................................20
SystemRestore.......................................................................................................................................20
WindowsBackup.....................................................................................................................................21
TaskManager..........................................................................................................................................21
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ComputerProperties..............................................................................................................................24
HardDriveSpace.....................................................................................................................................25
UninstallPrograms..................................................................................................................................25
CCleaner..................................................................................................................................................26

Introduction
Safety
Alwaysunplugcomputersbeforeworkingonthem
Alwaysremovelaptopbatteriesbeforeworkingonthem
Afteryouhaveunpluggedthecomputer,andremovedthebatterypressinthepowerbuttonto
dischargeanyelectricityheldinthecapacitors.Capacitorsstoreelectricityandevenasmallonecan
causeenoughdamagetoyoutosendyoutothehospital
NEVERSHORTTHETWOCONNECTORSOFACAPACITOR!!!
NeverOPENapowersupply.Thecapacitorsinapowersupplycarryenoughpowertokillyou!
ESDElectroStaticDischargeisStaticElectricity
YoufeelashockfromStaticElectricityat3000volts100voltsisenoughtodestroysensitive
electronics
Youshouldwearanantistaticarmbandandworkonanantistaticworkmat.(IdontandnooneI
knowdoesbutyoushould)
CommonPracticetodischargeStaticElectricityistotouchtheunpaintedmetalofadesktopcomputer
case.
ESDisnotasbigaproblemnowbecausepartsarebuiltbetter,andtheyarecheaperiftheybreak

What is a Computer
Acomputersystemismadeupofhardware,operatingsystems,softwareanddevicedrivers.

Motherboard
CPU
CPUHeatSink
RAM

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PowerSupply
Drives
Case

Computer Hardware
Motherboard
AllpartsmustbecompatiblewiththeMotherboard
Dontassumethemotherboardwillhaveonboardparts
FSB(FrontSideBus)ishowfasttheMotherboardcanmoredatabetweencomponents
FormFactorSizeofMotherboard

ATX
MiniATX
MicroATX
ITX
BTX(Dontbuy)

SmallerMotherboardscanfitinLargerCases
Slots

PCILowendaddoncards
PCIExpressUsedforHigherEndaddoncards(RAID,Video)
PCIExpress16Usedforveryfastaddoncards(HighPerformanceRAID,GamingVideoCards)
PCIXUsedonveryhighendservers.Ridiculouslyexpensive!($450foranetworkcard)

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mend
I Recomm
Antec
ntel
In
Gigabyte
CPU
CentralPrrocessingUnitsarewhatp
processesdata
CPUtypesshavediffere
entSockets
Manufactturers

In
ntel
o
o
o
o
o
AMD
o
o
o
o

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EmbeddedSystems
Atom
Celero
onCheapPrrocessors
Pentiu
umAverageDesktopProcessor
Core
HighEndDe
esktopProcesssor
Xeon
ServerProce
essor
DesktopProce
essor
SemprronCheapD
Athlon
nAverageD
DesktopProce
essor
Pheno
omHighEnd
dDesktopPro
ocessor
Optero
onServerProcessor

Building and Maintaining Computers

January 15, 2011

ARM
VIA

DontuseXeon/OpteronforDesktopmachines!
Intelvs.AMDSame,SamebutDifferent.AMDisusuallycheaper,butIntelisEasiertoSelltoClients
SpeedHowfasttheprocessorcanprocessdata
FSB(FrontSideBus)HowfasttheCPUcanmovedata
CoresMultipleCPUsbuildontoonechip
L1andL2CachearememorythatislocatedontheCPU.ThehighertheL1andL2thebetter.
RAM
AllprogramsandfilesareloadedintoRAM.IfWindowsuses512MBofRAM,andPhotoshopuses512B
ofRAM,ANDyouopena1GBPicturefileyouwouldneed2GBofRAMintheComputer.
PageFilesaredesignatedstorageontheHardDrivewhereRAMstoresdataitisusingifitisfull.
Type

SDRAM
DDR,DDR2,DDR3
RambusPairedRAM

ECC=ErrorCheckingRAM.Doesselftesttoitself.ThisisthebesttypeofRAM,butisveryexpensive.
Size
SticksofRAM
Speed
RAMWorksatdifferentspeeds
SPEEDismanytimemoreimportantthanSIZEforRAM
DontMixRAMSpeeds!
BeforeupgradingtomoreRAMverifythatemptyRAMslotswork.Manytimestheyarebad!
Hard Drives
HardDriveMediaTypes

Platter
SolidState

HardDriveTypes

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IDE2DrivesperCable.Master/SlaveJumperConfiguration.133Mbps
PATA/SATA1DrivePerCable.1.5Gbps
SATA21DrivePerCable.3Gbps
SATA31DrivePerCable.6Gbps
SCSI8DrivesPerCable.VariousSpeeds
SAS65,355Drives,36Gbps

RPMisthespeedtheharddrivespinsat

5400istheslowestusuallyusedinlaptops,andenergyefficientdrives
7200isnormal
10,000ishighspeedusedinWesternDigitalRaptorDrives
15,000isfoundonlyonSCSI,SAS,drives

RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks


UsedforFaultToleranceandSpeed
SoftwareRAIDandHardwareRAIDHardwareallowstheOStobeontheRAID.SoftwareRAIDmeans
theOSwillnotbeprotectedbytheRAID.
RAIDTypes:

0DiskStriping
1DiskMirroring
5DiskStripingwithParity
6DiskStrippingwithParityandRedundancy
10MirroredDiskStrippingwithParity

RAIDisusuallynotworththetroublenow
Optical Drives
BlueRayisntworthit
Media Card Readers
GenerallyplugintothemotherboardusingthemotherboardsUSBconnector
USB and Firewire
USB1.012Mbps,andupto17connecteddevices
USB2.0480Mbps
USB3.04.8Gbps
Firewire400800Mbps
WirelessUSBiscoming
USBisAsynchronoustransferOnewaytransferisfaster
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FirewireisIsochronousSametimegivetoupanddown
Firewirewasveryimportantforvideocameraconnectionstocomputers.Nowitisrarelyseen.
Network Cards
Video Cards
GPUGraphicsProcessingUnitUsedforCreatingGraphics,ImportantforGamingSystemsandany
systeminvolvedwithGraphics.
OnboardRAMRAMthatisonboardthegraphicscardallowsthegraphicscardtorunfaster.
Chipsets

ATI
NVIDIA

Types

PCI
AGP
PCIExpress

Trytobuyvideocardswithoutfans!Manygraphicscardshaveextralargeheatsinksvs.fans.Fans
haveanastytendencytogetgunkedupanddie.

Cases
GoodCasesareimportant!Cheapcasesarehardtoworkwith,andmanytimesdontfittogether
properly.(Youcangetanastycutfromsheetmetalthathasnotbeenrounded)
FormFactorsarethesizeofthecase.TheMotherboardandPowerSupplymustbetherightsizetofitin
thecase.

ATX
MiniATX
MicroATX
ITX
BTXObsolete.NotcompatiblewithANYATXmotherboard

I Recommend
ANTEC
CoolerMaster
Power Supplies
Whenindoubtbuya600WattonefromBestBuyfor$70

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PowerSupplyPlugs

Mainconnecto
M
or(20+4Pin)
12
2V(P4)
Pe
eripheral(Mo
olex)
SA
ATA
Flloppy
PC
CIE

VideoCarrdsandMoth
herboardsreq
quirethemosstpower.BuuyaPowerSu
upplyabovetthepower
requireme
entforyourV
VideoCarand
dVideoCard
d.
BuyANTEECPowerSupplies
ACheapP
Powersupplyywillnotonlyyfail,butitcandestroyyoourMotherboard,VideoC
CardsandHa
ard
Drivewhe
enitdies.
DoNotSkkimponYourrPowerSupply!!!

Computter Operatting Systems


64 bit vs. 32 bit
StatesHowManyBitsareProcessedinParallel
32BitOpe
eratingSystemswillgenerrallyrunona64bitprocesssor
64bitOpe
eratingSystemsREQUIREa64bitproce
essor.
64bitisn
notalwaysfasterthan32bit!

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Types of Licenses:
OEM(OriginalEquipmentManufacturer)YoucannotinstalltheOperatingSystemonto
anothercomputer.RequiresActivationOnceInstalled
RetailYouOwntheOperatingSystem.YouCanInstallitOntoDifferentComputers,butOnly
OneataTime.RequiresActivationOnceInstalled
VolumeLicenseYouCanInstallOntoasManyComputersasYouHaveLicensesfor
Windows Versions:
HomePremiumBasicWindowsFunctionality
BusinessAllowsYoutoJoinDomains,HasBitLockerEncryption,AllowsSysPrep.
UltimateHasEverything
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows7/compare/default.aspx

Software
Generallyyoucanrun32bitsoftwareona64bitOperatingSystem.
Previously(aswithXP64bit)youcouldnotrun32bitsoftwareona64bitmachine.
Youcannotrun64bitsoftwareona32bitOperatingSystem.

Drivers
Devicedriversmustbeinstalledintheoperatingsystemsforhardwaretowork.
EvenwithWindows7alldevicesmaynothavedevicedriversinstalledautomatically.
SometimesmanufacturersdonotmakedevicedriversforallWindowsOperatingSystems!Manytimes
manufacturerswillnotcreatenewdriversfornewoperatingsystems.Thiswasabigproblemwhenwe
wentfrom98toXP,andfromXPtoVista.
Findingdevicedriverscanbeabitofdetectivework.GOODhardwarewillbeclearlymarkedsothatyou
knowwhomadeitandwhatitis.CHEAPhardwaremanytimeswontevenhavethenameofthe
manufacturerprintedonit.

Building a Computer
Specing Out a New Computer
Everythinghastoworkwiththemotherboard
Decidewhatpartsyouneed,thenfindagoodmotherboard,thenfindtherestoftheparts.
NewEgg.comisthebestforparts
DontuseEBay!!!
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DontuseusedpartsforClients!!!
ByCannibalizingOldComputersYouCanSavealotofMoney

Save$50byreusingthecase
Save$40byreusingtheOpticalDrive
Save$100ifyoucanreuseyourHardDrive
Etc

FudgeFactorItseasytobuythewrongparts,andshippingcostsmeanthatitsusuallynotworthitto
returnthem.Whileyourenewexpecttomakemistakesandfactorinextracostformispurchasedparts.

Common Desktop Troubleshooting


Overheated CPU
Symptoms:

TheComputerSeemsPossessed
ComputerFreezes
ComputerShutsDownRandomly

LikelySuspects:

CPUHeatSinkisClogged,orhasFilmofCrudonit
CaseAirIntakesareClogged
CPUFanhasFailed
CaseFansHaveFailed
ForgottoUseThermalPaste
CPUFanisTooSmall
EnvironmentisTooHot(ComputerisClosedInsideaDeskCabinet.ServerisinaClosetwithNo
Ventilation)

IntheRealWorld
Ihadonecomputerwheretheclientssmokedinthehouse.TheComputerwouldnotget
throughbootingbeforeitwouldshutoff.Theysmokedsomuchthatthetarhadentirelyincased
theCPUHeatSinkFan.Itlookedclean(FreeofObviousDirtandHair),butwhenIusedDawn
andwasheditoffinthesinkthetarmeltedoff.
Oneclienthadacomputerthatwouldfreezeup,andthemousewouldjumparound.Itookitto
theshop,openedthecaseandcleaneditout.Ithendidafulltuneup.Thesystemworked
flawlesslyandsoIcalledtheclientandscheduledadropofftime.AfterthecallIputthecover
backonthecaseandwithin2minutesithadfrozenupagain.Itookthecoveroffandlooked
aroundtoseeifacablehadgottencaughtintheCPUfan,anditworkedfine.Iputthecover
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backonanditfroze.Theanswerwasthattheyhadacatandthefrontairintake,underneath
thefrontplatehadbecomecloggedwithhair.Icleanedoutthemassivehairballanditworked
fine

Video Cards
SymptomsandSuspects:

TurnonComputerandYouGetaBIOSScreenandThenaBlinkingCursor=HardDriveFailedor
OperatingSystemisCorrupt
TurnonComputerandDoNotGetBIOSScreen=MonitorisBad,orVideoCardisBad,or
MotherboardisBad
TurnonComputerandIconsareReallyBIG,ResolutionisPoor,andtheColorsLookWeird=
VideoCardDriverisNotInstalled,orIncorrect

TroubleshootingNoVideo

PluginaKnownGoodMonitor
LookatVideoCard.ManyTimestheHeatSinkFanWillNotSpin,orWillHaveFallenOff
VerifythattheVideoCardAuxiliaryPowerisPluggedin.
SwapVideoCardwithKnownGood
UseaPCIVideoCard.SometimesthePCIExpress/AGPslotwillbebad.PCIVideoCardswill
AllowtheComputertoRemainUsable.
IFPCIVideoCardDoesnotWorkthentheMotherboardisBad

Power
Symptoms

ComputerWillNotPowerOn

LikelySuspects

MainPowerSupplySwitchisOff
VoltageSwitchisonWrongSetting(Shouldbeon110)
PowerSwitchisNotProperlyPluggedintoMotherboard
PowerButtonBroke
Motherboardisbad
PowerSupplyisBad
PowerSupplyistooSmall
CPUFannoPluggedin
BadPowerCable

Troubleshooting
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ChecksConnectionsandSwitchSettings
TryDifferentPowerCable
VerifyVideoCardandMotherboardPowerRequirements
UseKnownGoodPowerSupply

Hard Drives
Iftheharddrivesmakesalotofnoisejustreplaceit.
DefragmentingcanreduceHardDrivenoise.
ForIDEHardDrivesVerifyMaster/SlaveJumperissetproperly
Iftheharddriveisdeadthenreplacewithnewoneandinstalloperatingsystem.
DataRecoverycoveredinourDataRecoveryClass

USB
IftheinsulatorinaUSBpluggetsrippedout,andthemetalcontactstouchyourmachinecouldstart
havingproblems.
IfitisafrontUSBPortunplugtheportfromthemotherboard.
IfitisaMotherboardUSBportdowhatyoucan

Laptop Hardware Repair


KeepTrackofAlltheScrews!TapeScrewstoaPieceofPaperPlacingthemApproximatelyWherethey
arefromontheLaptop.
Becarefulwiththestickersthatcoverthescrews!Noonewantsanuglycomputer!(100%Right,100%
Fired)
StayAwayfromMacBooks!!(RepairingaMacBookisnotthesameasrepairingaLaptop.)

Hard Drives
Generallyyoucanremoveascrewtoallowtheharddrivesenclosuretoslideout.

Optical Drive
Generallyyoucanremoveoneholdingscrew,andthedrivewillslideout.

RAM
Generallyunderapanelthatcanberemovedfromthebottomofthecase.

CPU FAN
Canbecleanedofreplaced.Generallyfoundbyremovingtheentirebottomcover.

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LCD Screen
GenerallyremovethefaceplatefromthemonitorareaandthenunscrewtheScreen.Screwsarehidden
understickers,orrubberbumpers.

LCD Inverter
LCDInverterisunderthemonitorfaceplate.

Keyboard
Generallyremovepanelabovekeyboardtoaccessscrews.Sometimestheentiremotherboardhasto
beremoved.

Motherboard
DontNewLaptopMotherboardscost$300+andthelaborinvolvedmakesitnoneconomicaltofix.

Power Plug Resolder


Disassembletheentirebottomofthelaptop.Manytimesthepowerjackcanbepurchasedand
replaced.

Common Laptop Troubleshooting


Video
Ifthescreenisverydim,butyoucanseeanimageonitthenusuallytheLCDInverterisBad
Ifyoucannotseeanyimageonthescreenplugamonitorintothemonitorport.Ifthemonitordoesnot
showanimagethenyourMotherboardisbad(MakesuretousetheFunctionKeystoturnonthe
externalmonitor).IftheexternalMonitorshowsanimagethenitcouldbeyourScreen,Inverter,orthe
cablefromtheScreentotheMotherboard.

Shutdown or Freeze Up
TheCPUHeatsinkintakefansareusuallyonthebottomofthelaptop.Ifyouputthelaptopona
blanket,orpillowthefanswillbeblockedandtheCPUwilloverheat.Tryputtingthelaptoponahard
surface(tableorcounter).

Broken Hinges
ScreenHingescanbereplaced.Makesurewhetheryoucanbuythehingesalone,orifyouhavetobuy
awholenewLCDframe!

Misc.
ReseatingpartssometimesfixesLaptopComputers.ThismeansremovingtheRAM,HardDrive,
wirelesscardandOpticalDrive,andputtingthembackin.
ForlaptopPartsIrecommendSmartMicroUSA.com

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BIOS
Tellsthecomputerhowtodealwithhardware
UsuallyyouwillbetoldwhatkeytohittoenterBIOSsetup,ifnotplaythepianoonthekeys
BIOStellsyouquicklywhathardwareisDETECTEDonthecomputer(CPU,RAM,HardDrives).IfBIOS
doesnotdetectthehardwareyouhaveaproblem!
MainusesforBIOS

ChangeBootOrder
Changewhathappensafterpoweroutage(Computerstaysoff,orcomesbackon)
SetBIOSpassword

BIOSPasswordscangenerallyberesetonDesktopComputersbyremovingtheCMOSbattery,or
connectingajumper.
BIOSPasswordsonLaptopComputersgenerallycannotbereset!IfyoulosetheBIOSPasswordona
Laptopandyoushouldexpecttobuyanewmotherboard!

Install an Operating System


Creating Recovery Disks
MostmanufacturersnolongergiveyourecoverydiskswhenyoubuyaPC.Youmustcreateyourown
usingwhateverutilitytheygiveyou.
SystemRecoveryusingRecoverydisksisnotthesameasaCleanInstallationofanOperatingSystem

Steps to Install an Operating System

ChangeBIOStoBootoffofCD/ROM
HitNEXTUntilDone.

Windows Maintenance
Modes
PressF8whilecomputerisbooting
Safe Mode
SafeModeusesaminimumamountofdriversandserviceswhenstarting.Thisisgoodforchanging
configurations.Generallyyoucannotinstall,uninstallsoftwareorrunvirus/malwarescans.

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own Good Configuration


Last Kno
Thisisthe
ehardwarese
ettingsthatw
wereloadedth
helasttimeaapersonloggedin.Ifyouthinkyoumaadea
mistakeD
DONTLogin!LastKnownG
Goodwillreve
erttothedrivversandhard
dwaresettinggsthatwereu
used
withthelastlogin.
VGA
Usestheb
basegraphicssdrivers.Thissisusedifyo
oumakeamisstakeconfigu
uringyourvideoadapter.

gement
Computter Manag

Event Vie
ewer

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F
Shared Folders

Sh
haresShow
wsShredFolde
ersonCompu
uter
Se
essionsSho
owSessionsth
hatarecurren
ntlyopen
OpenFilesSh
O
howsSharedFilesthatare
eOpen

Local Use
ers and Groups

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M
Device Manager

Disk Man
nagement
DiskManaagementisussedtomanaggeyourintern
nalharddrivees

Services
hatservicesarerunningan
ndhowtheyaarestarted.YYoucanchangehowServices
Servicessshowsyouwh
startstoM
Manual,Auto
omaticorDisaabled.
Servicesaalsoshowsyo
ouwhatindiviidualServicessaredependeenton.
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Window
ws Update
e
UpdateCrriticalUpdate
es
SetuptoInstallUpdate
esEveryNight
NEVERUp
pdateDriverssfromWindo
owsUpdate!!!!(Idontknoowwhy,buttoomanytimeesitcausesth
he
computerrtocrash)

RegEditt
RegEditallowsyoutoe
edittheRegisstry.TheRegiistryisthemaaindatabasethatholdsmostconfiguraations
fortheWindowsOperatingSystem.
1. ClickStartBu
utton
2. In
nRunBartyperegeditand
dthenClickO
OK

ManyApp
plicationsAuttoStartwhen
ntheComputerBootsfrom
mKeysinthesse:
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HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SO
OFTWARE\Miccrosoft\Winddows\CurrenttVersion\Run
NT_USER\Softtware\Microssoft\Windowss\CurrentVerrsion\Run
HKEY_CURREN

MsConffig

ClickStartBu
utton
TyypemsconfigginRunbarandClickOK

Msconfigallowsyouto
ospecifywhatProgramsandServicesw
willloadwhen
ntheComputterBoots.Th
hisis
ecauseyoucaanrunVirusSScansandInsttall/UninstallPrograms.
generallybetterthenSSafeModebe
GenerallyySelectSelecctiveStartupandUncheckLoadStarttupItemsCh
heckbox.

System
m Restore
SystemRe
estoresApplicationsandO
OperatingSystemsettings topreviousccondition.SyystemRestoree
doesnotaaffectdocum
mentsandpicttures.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Se
electStartBu
utton
Se
electAllProggrams
Se
electAccessories
Se
electSystem
mTools
Se
electSystem
mRecovery

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electPreviousTimeandDatetoRestorretoandClickkNext
Se

Window
ws Backup
p
Backupan
ndRestore

Backupto
oadifferentd
disk!
Youcanu
useyourWind
dowsOSDisktorecoveracomputerfroomaBackupFile

Task Manager
1. RightClickTaskbar
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2. ClickStartTasskManager

onTab:
Applicatio

To
oKillanApplicationRigh
htClickAppliccationandtheenSelectEn
ndTask

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ProcessessTab:

Yo
oucanseewhatProcessaareUsingYourResourcesbbySortingbyCPU,orMem
mory
To
oKillaProcesssRightClicckProcessandSelectEnddProcess

PerformanceTab:

ouldbebelow
w50%.IfCPU
Uis90100%yyouhavetoo
omanyprograamsrunning,or
CPUUsagesho
needabetterprocessor.
Memoryshow
M
wsyouhowmuchRAMyou
uareusing.M
Memoryshou
uldbelesstheenyourtotal
am
mountofRAM
M

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Networkin
ngTab:

Sh
howshowmu
uchnetworkttrafficyourco
omputerisussing.

Computter Properrties

SttartButton
RightClickCo
omputerofMyCompute
er
electProperrties
Se

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Hard Drive Space


e
ShouldHaave10%Free
MUSTHaveAtLeast1
1GBFreeorC
ComputerwilllFreezeUpaandHaveProblems!
Defragme
entingisoverrrated!
UseDefraagglerinstead
dofWindowssDefragmente
erforDefrag mentingHard
dDrives.(ItsFree.
www.Defraggler.com)

Uninsta
all Program
ms
1. ControlPanel
ogram
2. UninstallaPro
UninstallA
AllUnnecessaaryProtectio
onSoftware

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Building and Maintaining Computers

CCleaner
Downloadatwww.CCleaner.com
Goodforcleaningouttemporaryfiles
Goodfordefragmentingregistry
EasilyEnableorDisableStartupPrograms

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January 15, 2011

Home Work

FindaComputerthatNeedsFixingandFixit
ScheduleTimetoComeInforPracticalExercises
Youshouldcompleteatleast10actualrepairs,orpracticalexercisesbynextclass

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