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‫اﻻﺷﺘﻘﺎق‬

‫اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﻷوﻟﻰ ﺳﻠﻚ ﺑﻜﺎﻟﻮرﻳﺎ ع ر‬


‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪1‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎل اﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ أﺣﺴﺐ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻖ ﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪ x 0‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪2x − 1‬‬
‫= ) ‪x 0 = 2 ; f (x‬‬ ‫‪-2 x 0 = 1 ; f ( x ) = x 3 + x 2 − 1 -1‬‬
‫‪x +1‬‬
‫‪π‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬
‫= ‪x0‬‬ ‫‪; f ( x ) = sin x -4‬‬ ‫‪x 0 = −1 ; f ( x ) = x +‬‬ ‫‪-3‬‬
‫‪3‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬
‫‪x 0 = 0 ; f ( x ) = sin x + tan x -5‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪2‬‬
‫ﺣﺪد اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻴﻤﻴﻦ و اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻴﺴﺎر ﻟﻠﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪ x 0‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪x2 + x‬‬
‫= ) ‪x 0 = 0 ; f ( x ) = x 2 + 2x -3 x 0 = 0 ; f ( x‬‬ ‫‪-2 x 0 = 0 ; f ( x ) = x + x x -1‬‬
‫‪1+ x‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪3‬‬
‫أدرس اﺕﺼﺎل و اﺷﺘﻘﺎق ‪ f‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪ x 0‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪‬‬ ‫‪sin x‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪x3 +x −2‬‬


‫= ) ‪f ( x‬‬ ‫‪x ≠0‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f ( x‬‬ ‫‪x ≠1‬‬
‫‪x0 = 0 ; ‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪-2‬‬ ‫‪x0 =1 ; ‬‬ ‫‪x −1‬‬ ‫‪-1‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪f (0) = 1‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪f (1) = 4‬‬

‫‪x 0 = 0 ; f ( x ) = x x -4‬‬ ‫‪x 0 = 1 ; f ( x ) = x + x − 1 -3‬‬

‫‪x 0 = 0 ; f ( x ) = x 2 sin x -6‬‬ ‫‪x 0 = 2 ; f ( x ) = ( x − 2) x − 2 -5‬‬

‫‪‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪ f ( x ) = sin x‬‬ ‫‪x ≥0‬‬


‫‪f ( x ) = x sin  ‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪x ≠0‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪x0 = 0 ; ‬‬ ‫‪x ‬‬ ‫‪-8‬‬ ‫‪x0 = 0 ; ‬‬ ‫‪2 − 2 cos x‬‬ ‫‪-7‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪f ( 0) = 0‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f ( x‬‬ ‫‪x ≺0‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬

‫‪x 0 = 2 ; f ( x ) = x 2 − 2x -9‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪4‬‬
‫أدرس ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺔ اﺷﺘﻘﺎق اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬ﺛﻢ ﺣﺪد اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪x −1‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬
‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-3‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-2‬‬ ‫‪f ( x ) = 5x 4 + x 2 − x + 2 -1‬‬
‫‪2x + 1‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬
‫‪x +1‬‬

‫‪x 2 +1‬‬
‫(‬ ‫)‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪f (x ) = x 2 − 2‬‬ ‫‪-6‬‬ ‫‪f ( x ) = x sin x -5‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-4‬‬
‫‪x2 +x‬‬

‫‪f ( x ) = (sin x )(cos ( 3x + 4 )) -8‬‬ ‫‪f ( x ) = x 2 − x -7‬‬

‫‪tan x‬‬
‫‪f ( x ) = x 2 − 3x + 2 -11 f ( x ) = −2x + 3 -10‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-9‬‬
‫‪1 + sin x‬‬
‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪5‬‬
‫و ‪g (x ) = x 3 − x‬‬ ‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ ‪ f‬و ‪ g‬داﻟﺘﻴﻦ ﻡﻌﺮﻓﺘﻴﻦ ﺑـ ‪f ( x ) = tan x‬‬

‫‪ -1‬ﺣﺪد اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻤﺎﺳﺔ ﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪ 0‬و أﻋﻂ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻡﻘﺮﺑﺔ ﻟـ )‪ f ( 0, 001‬و ) ‪f ( −0,99‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺣﺪد ﻡﻌﺎدﻟﺔ اﻟﻤﻤﺎس ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ g‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪ 2‬و أﻋﻂ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻡﻘﺮﺑﺔ ﻟـ )‪g ( 2, 001‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪6‬‬
‫‪f ( x ) = x + 3x + a‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪x ≥0‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬
‫‪ f ( x ) = bx + 1‬‬ ‫‪x ≺0‬‬

‫ﺣﺪد ‪ a‬و ‪ b‬ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ‪ f‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻼﺷﺘﻘﺎق ﻓﻲ ‪0‬‬


‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪7‬‬
‫‪x 2 − 3x + 6‬‬
‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬
‫‪x −1‬‬
‫ﺑﻴﻦ أن اﻟﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ ‪ C f‬ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻡﻤﺎﺳﻴﻦ ﻡﻮازﻳﻴﻦ ااﻡﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ اﻟﺬي ﻡﻌﺎدﻟﺘﻪ ‪ y = −3x‬و أآﺘﺐ ﻡﻌﺎدﻟﺘﻴﻬﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪8‬‬
‫أدرس ﺕﻐﻴﺮات اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬و اﺳﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻡﻄﺎرﻳﻔﻬﺎ ان وﺟﺪت ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪f ( x ) = x 3 − x -3‬‬ ‫‪f ( x ) = x 2 ( x − 1) -2 f ( x ) = x 3 + 3x 2 − 9x + 1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪-1‬‬

‫‪x3‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪2x 2 − 7 x + 5‬‬


‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-6‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-5‬‬ ‫= ) ‪f (x‬‬ ‫‪-4‬‬
‫‪x 2 +1‬‬ ‫‪x − 3x + 2‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪x −5‬‬
‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪9‬‬
‫‪x2‬‬
‫‪g ( x ) = −1 +‬‬ ‫‪ f ( x ) = x − sin x‬و ‪+ cos x‬‬ ‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ ‪ f‬و ‪ g‬داﻟﺘﻴﻦ ﻡﻌﺮﻓﺘﻴﻦ ﺑـ‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﺑﻴﻦ أن ‪∀x ∈ [ 0; +∞[ f ( x ) ≥ 0 ; g ( x ) ≥ 0‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪10‬‬
‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺑـ ‪f ( x ) = sin x‬‬

‫أﺣﺴﺐ اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻘﺔ ﻡﻦ اﻟﺮﺕﺒﺔ ‪ n‬ﻟﻠﺪاﻟﺔ ‪f‬‬

‫ﺕﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪11‬‬
‫∈ ‪ n‬ﺣﻴﺚ ‪n ≥ 2‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻥﻌﺘﺒﺮ اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ ‪ f‬اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺑـ )‪ f ( x ) = ( x + 1‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺣﺴﺎب ) ‪ f ' ( x‬ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺘﻴﻦ ﻡﺨﺘﻠﻔﺘﻴﻦ‬
‫‪n‬‬

‫‪k =n‬‬ ‫‪k =n‬‬ ‫‪k =n‬‬


‫=‪C‬‬ ‫= ‪ B‬و ‪∑ (2k + 1)Cnk‬‬ ‫= ‪ A‬و ‪∑ (k + 1)Cnk‬‬ ‫‪∑ kCnk‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻨﺘﺞ اﻟﻤﺠﺎﻡﻊ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫‪k =0‬‬ ‫‪k =0‬‬ ‫‪k =1‬‬